收藏
1 / 22
立即下载
下载需:1莲券

2020新高考英语补充训练美国高中阅读理解训练整理5(部分图片版)

2

版权声明:以上文章中所选用的图片及文字来源于网络以及用户投稿,由于未联系到知识产权人或未发现有关知识产权的登记,如有知识产权人并不愿意我们使用,如果有侵权请立即联系:[email protected],我们立即下架或删除。

文档2020新高考英语补充训练美国高中阅读理解训练整理5(部分图片版),属于英语以及高三、牛津译林版、同步练习等类型的内容,文档格式为docx,文档共22页,由资源链接上传于2019年10月07日,文件简介:高考英语补充训练、美国高中、阅读理解训练整理, 2020新高考英语补充训练美国高中阅读理解训练整理5 Passage1 adapted from an article from Imperial College London ...。 更多内容


2020新高考英语补充训练美国高中阅读理解训练整理5


Passage1
adapted from an article from Imperial College London published in 2018


Passage 1: Asteroid killed off the dinosaurs, says international scientific panel








Passage 2: Asteroid may have killed dinosaurs more quickly than scientists thought

adapted from an article from Reuters published in 2017.





1. In the first paragraph of Passage 1, the author suggests that mammals
• A. were the only species that survived the KT extinction.
• B. were very rare until 65 million years ago.
• C. were not the dominant species on earth before the asteroid hit.
• D. were wiped out after an asteroid hit the earth.
2. Which choice provides the best evidence for the answer to the previous question?
• A. Lines 1-4 ("A panel…ago")
• B. Lines 4-8 ("The extinction…Earth")
• C. Lines 9-12 ("The new…Mexico")
• D. Lines 53-56 ("The KT…Earth")
3. As used in line 24, "spewed" most nearly means
• A. conflagrated.
• B. disgorged.
• C. exhumed.
• D. siphoned.
4. Based on the information in Passage 1, it can be reasonably inferred that
• A. fires, earthquakes, and tsunamis killed most of the dinosaurs.
• B. lowered temperatures decimated many species.
• C. the impact of the asteroid caused volcanoes to erupt.
• D. there is no consensus on what caused the KT extinction.
5. As used in line 44 and line 73, the phrases "final nail in the coffin," and "nail in that coffin" in both passages refer to
• A. a profound deduction.
• B. a deadly result.
• C. a gruesome metaphor.
• D. a terminating event.
6. The author's reference to the "high-precision radiometric dating techniques" in lines 68-69 primarily serves to
• A. propose a new theory.
• B. validate the study's data.
• C. prove the conclusion right.
• D. counter the assumption.
7. As used in line 97, "preclude" most nearly means
• A. cause.
• B. limit.
• C. bar.
• D. tap.
8. The author of Passage 2 mentions tektites (line 83) primarily in order to
• A. explore another cause for the KT extinction.
• B. diminish the role of the asteroid in the demise of the dinosaurs.
• C. substantiate that the volcanoes caused the most damage.
• D. contrast with volcanic ash in order to support the new theory.
9. Which choice provides the best evidence for the answer to the previous question?
• A. Lines 19-23 ("Scientists have previously…years")
• B. Lines 61-65 ("Earth's climate may…said")
• C. Lines 92-97 ("The previous data…relationship")
• D. Lines 106-108 ("He says ecosystems…struck")
10. The passages differ in that Passage 1
• A. describes the size of the asteroid, while Passage 2 only mentions its impact.
• B. concludes that the extinction happened before the asteroid hit, while Passage 2 says the extinction happened after the asteroid hit.
• C. explains how mammals were affected by the KT extinction, while Passage 2 does not.
• D. contradicts the previous theory concerning the KT extinction, while Passage 2 supports it.
11. Is the main conclusion of the study described in Passage 2 consistent with the panel's conclusion, as described in Passage 1?
• A. Yes, since the asteroid caused earthquakes and volcano eruptions that shrouded the earth in debris.
• B. Yes, since the asteroid is considered the primary cause of the KT extinction by both parties.
• C. No, since the study in Passage 2 conveys doubt about the timing of the asteroid impact.
• D. No, since Passage 1 concludes that the asteroid impact led to the growth of mammal populations.



Passage3
This passage describes the life and work of Phyllis Wheatley (1753-1784), a poet from Massachusetts.









1. The primary purpose of the passage as a whole is to
• A. criticize readers for not having read more works by authors subjected to adverse circumstances.
• B. describe the life and work of an author while noting some of the complications of that life and work.
• C. outline a general history of African-American literature and discuss its major figures.
• D. praise one slaveholder for his particularly forward-thinking views by showing his kindness to slaves.
2. Based on the information in the passage, Phyllis Wheatley's life can best be described as
• A. difficult, because she was never freed from slavery despite her fame as a poet.
• B. charmed, because she was given so many wonderful opportunities upon arriving at the Wheatleys' home.
• C. impressive, although it contains many aspects that are troubling or confusing to present-day readers.
• D. contemplative, although some of the sentiments in her work show a refusal to think deeply about her own life.
3. Which choice provides the best evidence for the answer to the previous question?
• A. Lines 18-24 ("Although…Wheatley")
• B. Lines 48-56 ("Wheatley's story…1805)")
• C. Lines 57-69 ("Tragically…poet")
• D. Lines 84-90 ("Wheatley's poems…groups")
4. The passage suggests which of the following about Phyllis Wheatley's popularity?
• A. Her family was prominent in Massachusetts, and she gained all of her connections through the family.
• B. She was admired in the United States, but she achieved greater fame in Europe.
• C. She was considered one of the greatest poets in the country, but few people consider her a great poet today.
• D. She was admired by prominent people, but such admiration did not make her life less difficult.
5. Which choice provides the best evidence for the answer to the previous question?
• A. Lines 1-6 and 84-90
• B. Lines 24-32 and 73-83
• C. Lines 44-47 and 84-90
• D. Lines 48-56 and 57-65
6. The reference to Frederick Douglass in lines 13-14 serves primarily to
• A. name a writer whose life story is less interesting than Wheatley's.
• B. allude to a type of literary achievement distinct from Wheatley's.
• C. note a discrepancy in literary history that is not often acknowledged.
• D. refer to a friend of Wheatley's who encouraged the publication of her work.
7. In context, the "circumstances" in line 19 refer to
• A. precise and complete biographical details.
• B. unintended consequences and failures.
• C. climate and weather conditions.
• D. general context and historical events.
8. The information in lines 41-47 primarily illustrates Phyllis Wheatley's
• A. remarkable aptitude.
• B. poetic nature.
• C. vicious subjection.
• D. confounding life.
9. The word "progressive" appears in quotations in line 39 and line 66 in order to emphasize
• A. the remarkable achievement of those who behave well before it is common to do so.
• B. the awkwardness of using contemporary terms to described past events.
• C. the difficult nature of describing negative behavior in a positive way.
• D. the fact that the word comes from Wheatley's poetry and essays.
10. As used in line 86, "hallmarks" most nearly means
• A. distinctive features.
• B. cordial greetings.
• C. political leanings.
• D. troublesome qualities.





Passage4

This passage is adapted from a "fireside chat" given on May 7, 1933, by Franklin Roosevelt. Roosevelt gave these addresses to the American public over the new technology of radio. The "chats," as the name implies, were intended as simplified versions and explanations of the challenges facing the country at that time.






1. Roosevelt's primary purpose in this speech is to
• A. criticize his detractors while drumming up support for his re-election campaign.
• B. plead for more time to make adjustments to an unsuccessful plan.
• C. reassure the public about the efficacy and appropriateness of actions the government has taken.
• D. showcase his own achievements as a leader and ask for greater indulgence.
2. Which choice provides the best evidence for the answer to the previous question?
• A. Lines 1-7 ("On a Sunday…confidence")
• B. Lines 18-24 ("These institutions…1933")
• C. Lines 34-35 ("I am…country")
• D. Lines 53-59 ("We are…ago")
3. As used in line 13, "by inches" most nearly means
• A. with that form of measurement.
• B. in a gradual way.
• C. in a short time.
• D. on its feet.
4. Based on the information in lines 12-20, Roosevelt believes that the "national institutions" are
• A. criminals who are stealing from those who have invested money in their institutions.
• B. overly dependent on the value of commodities to run successful businesses.
• C. devoted to the implementation of economic theories that were unsuccessful.
• D. struggling in such a way that they do unfortunate things to investors.
5. Which choice provides the best evidence for the answer to the previous question?
• A. Lines 8-11 ("Tonight…do")
• B. Lines 13-24 ("It…1933")
• C. Lines 28-33 ("Today…assurance")
• D. Lines 35-42 ("I…high prices")
6. In lines 26-27, what is the most likely reason that Roosevelt refers to a "condition and not a theory"?
• A. He is issuing a proclamation on new health initiatives within the United States.
• B. He is suggesting that the problem is concrete rather than abstract.
• C. He is holding economic theorists responsible for the current economic turmoil.
• D. He is implying that the current economic crisis cannot be solved.
7. In lines 28-33, Roosevelt makes a distinction between
• A. politicians and citizens.
• B. conditions and theories.
• C. cautious optimism and full-throated support of a recovery
• D. bankers and farmers.
8. Based on the information in the fourth paragraph (lines 28-52), the economic situation in the United States has improved in all of the following ways EXCEPT
• A. increased railroad traffic.
• B. increased industry.
• C. a second speculative wave.
• D. improved crop prices.
9. As used in line 41, "providence" most nearly means
• A. religion.
• B. luck.
• C. prayer.
• D. industry.
10. Which of the following gives accurate information based on the graph?
• A. Roosevelt's purpose was accomplished in 2008 when the unemployment rate hit an all-time low of 6.1%.
• B. Government control of farming, industry, and transportation resulted in a steady decrease in unemployment through the 1940s.
• C. The partnership between government and farming brought an end to unemployment in 1943.
• D. Roosevelt was addressing Americans at a time when unemployment was higher than it would be for the next 70 years.




Passage5

The following passage comes from George Washington Cable's The Silent South, published in The Century in 1885. In the passage, Cable defends attacks against his previous article, "The Freedman's Case in Equity," which advanced full civil rights and equality for the slaves freed in 1865 amid national Civil War.





1. In the article, the role that Cable plays can best be described as that of
• A. a traditionalist attacking an article published in a magazine.
• B. a theorist defending his views against those who misconstrue them.
• C. an ideologue creating social unrest with his uncompromising views.
• D. an observer describing two sides of an argument with equal sympathy.
2. Based on the information presented in Cable's article, it can be inferred that those who oppose civil equality for African-Americans
• A. have refused to read his earlier article with adequate care.
• B. willfully misunderstand the basic tenets of the U.S. Constitution.
• C. believe that such equality will lead to an undesirable social mixing.
• D. cite legal technicalities in order to further their own arguments.
3. Which choice provides the best evidence for the answer to the previous question?
• A. Lines 8-9 ("They…Equality")
• B. Lines 24-25 ("Nothing…privileges")
• C. Lines 36-38 ("No…about")
• D. Lines 39-46 ("And…preferences")
4. As used in line 23, "runs in the grooves of" most nearly means
• A. corresponds with.
• B. dances along to.
• C. cuts an irregular pattern in.
• D. breaks violently from.
5. The principal rhetorical effect of the phrase in lines 31-32 ("The North…world") is to
• A. identify the disagreements described in the article as those of particular regions.
• B. outline the places that have already accepted Cable's views and to encourage the South to join them.
• C. suggest that there is widespread agreement about a single fundamental principle.
• D. praise some parts of the United States for being more intelligent than others.
6. Cable refers to "the delicate machinery of society's self-distribution" (line 44) in order to
• A. demonstrate that his detractors violate a natural order with a misguided set of rules.
• B. praise the United States for its perfect alignment with natural human needs.
• C. use figurative language that encapsulates his views on the substance of a debate.
• D. scold readers for their belief in an unworkable and impractical system of government.
7. Which choice provides the best evidence for the answer to the previous question?
• A. Lines 5-8 ("Many…chaos")
• B. Lines 47-51 ("This…at all")
• C. Lines 52-58 ("Do we…cannot be")
• D. Lines 60-61 ("The family…succession")
8. The primary purpose of the third paragraph (lines 52-58) as it relates to the passage as a whole is to
• A. speak ironically of people's good intentions while disparaging those who disagree.
• B. concede the good intentions of detractors while introducing a main point.
• C. summarize the arguments presented in the first two paragraphs in much the same language.
• D. close the debate by refusing to acknowledge the views of another side.
9. As used in line 73, "pleasure" most nearly means
• A. discretion.
• B. hedonism.
• C. manipulation.
• D. fun.
10. In the final paragraph of the passage, Cable's attitude toward those who cite social rights (lines 61-63) can best be described as
• A. hostile.
• B. legalistic.
• C. skeptical.
• D. supportive.
11. Based on the final paragraph, Cable's definition of civil rights includes all of the following EXCEPT
• A. legal protection for all races.
• B. rights that can be dictated by law.
• C. nothing about social interaction.
• D. interactions based on personal preference.



Answers
Passage1&2 CBBBD BCDCC B
Passage3 BCCDD BAABA
Passage4 CDBDB BCCBD
passage5 BCAAC ABBAB D

收起

版权声明:以上文章中所选用的图片及文字来源于网络以及用户投稿,由于未联系到知识产权人或未发现有关知识产权的登记,如有知识产权人并不愿意我们使用,如果有侵权请立即联系:[email protected],我们立即下架或删除。

二维码