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苏州市2020届高三英语期初卷(定稿)

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文档苏州市2020届高三英语期初卷(定稿),属于英语以及高三、牛津译林版、试卷等类型的内容,文档格式为doc,文档共17页,由古月石页上传于2019年09月09日,文件简介:江苏高考英语、高三英语期初卷,2019~2020学年第一学期高三期初调研试卷 英 语 2019. 9 注意事项: 1.本试卷分为第一卷(选择题)和第二卷(非选择题),满分120分...。 更多内容

2019~2020学年第一学期高三期初调研试卷
英 语 2019. 9
注意事项:
1.本试卷分为第一卷(选择题)和第二卷(非选择题),满分120分。考试时间120分钟。
2.请将第一卷的答案填涂在答题卡上,第二卷请直接在答题卡上规定的地方作答。答题前,务必将自己的学校、姓名、考试号等相关信息写在答题卡上规定的地方。





第I卷 (选择题,共85分)
第一部分:听力理解 (共两节,满分20分)
做题时,请先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。
第一节 (共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
1. What will the weather be like according to the radio?
A. Sunny. B. Rainy. C. Windy.
2. Who will pay the bill?
A. The boss. B. Tom. C. The woman.
3. How did the woman feel?
A. Nervous. B. Excited. C. Upset.
4. What can we learn about the man?
A. He did well in spelling.
B. He couldn’t spell the words.
C. He was satisfied with the result.
5. How much should the man pay for his room?
A.150 pounds. B.110 pounds. C.100 pounds.
第二节 (共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)
听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的做答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第6段材料, 回答第6和第7两个小题。
6. What time was the plane originally scheduled to leave?
A. At 3:00. B. At 4:00. C. At 5:00.
7. Why is the woman worried?
A. The weather is bad.
B. The report is not finished.
C. An appointment will be delayed.
听第7段材料,回答第8和第9两个小题。
8. What happened to the man?
A. He broke a machine.
B. The machine owed him 25 cents.
C. The machine owner refused to help him.
9. What does the woman suggest the man do?
A. Call the police.
B. Rock the machine.
C. Call the number on the machine.
听第8段材料,回答第10至第12题。
10. How is Ted’s homework this time?
A. Very poor. B. Well done. C. So-so.
11. Where is Ted going now?
A. The gym. B. The library. C. The bookstore.
12. What does Ted think of his teacher?
A. Polite. B. Generous. C. Helpful.
听第9段材料,回答第13至第16题。
13. What are the speakers mainly talking about?
A. What abilities to possess.
B. Which professor to follow.
C. What job to do in the future.
14. What subject does the man probably prefer?
A. History. B. Politics. C. Art.
15. What do the woman’s parents expect her to be?
A. A restaurant manager. B. A politician. C. A teacher.
16. What is the woman good at doing?
A. Dealing with people. B. Working with kids. C. Painting pictures.
听第10段材料,回答第17至第20题。
17. What is to be hosted on Wednesday evening?
A. A bake sale. B. A parent book club. C. An event to honor an artist.
18. When does the book fair end?
A. On Thursday. B. On Wednesday. C. On Monday.
19. Where will the money from the bake sale go?
A. A computer lab. B. The sports teams. C. The art department.
20. What happens to the computer lab?
A. It will be repaired. B. It will be closed forever. C. It will be put up for sale.
第二部分:英语知识运用 (共两节,满分35分)
第一节 单项选择 (共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)
请认真阅读下面各题,从题中所给的A、 B、 C 、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
21. As is estimated, more than 20 million shared bikes ______ into operation nationwide by 2025.
A. will have been put B. will have put C. have been put D. will be putting
22. Many Chinese parents are willing to spend money on camp education and study tours for their
children, ______ the industry a booming market with great potential.
A. to make B. making C. having made D. made
23. Many programmers criticized the “996 work schedule”, ______ employees work from 9 am to 9 pm,
6 days a week, with the possibility of ending up in hospital.
A. when B. where C. that D. what
24. Traveling by subway ______ sometimes be quite an adventure, especially during the rush hour.
A. must B. can C. shall D. should
25. A recent survey shows that Chinese has become ______ British parents most want their children to
learn.
A. which B. that C. why D. what
26. The younger generation is turning its back on the traditional holiday routes of museums and
shopping malls ______ adventurous experiences.
A. in recognition of B. in defence of C. in terms of D. in favor of
27. She found listening to the voicemail friends had left her a great _____ in getting through the tough
months.
A. comfort B. compromise C. commitment D. criterion
28. — I want to do business via online platforms like Alibaba.
— _____ it work out, I am sure, your products may go all over the world.
A. Could B. Shall C. Would D. Should
29. ______ the price of food and oil hit the headline, perhaps we should be worried more about water.
A. Unless B. While C. As D. If
30. ______ with the feedback my students had given me, I began to make a plan for the next term.
A. Arming B. Having armed C. Being armed D. Armed
31. ______ teaching children how to deal with the daily stress, experts agree there’s a need to coach them in how to protect themselves.
A. But for B. Except for C. Apart from D. Far from
32. It is not difficult to ______ between a person’s handwriting and that of the writing robot because the
robot’s writing appears perfect.
A. distinguish B. polish C. abolish D. accomplish
33. The wildlife researcher had just ______ supplies at a feeding spot when he became aware of a bear
standing just about 20 meters away.
near the riverbank.
A. paid off B. showed off C. dropped off D. put off
34. With no shortage of gamers, China’s e-sports industry ______ needs to fill positions in roles such as
management, coaching and broadcasting.
A. frequently B. deliberately C. desperately D. fundamentally
35. — Tidying up can change our lives and it will open up our life to true joy.
—______.
A. I’m with you on that B. I’d love to C. It’s up to you D. It’s my pleasure
第二节 完形填空 (共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)
请认真阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
Clara Daly was seated on an Alaska Airlines flight when a flight attendant asked a(n) 36
question over the loudspeaker, “Does anyone on board know American Sign Language?”
Clara, 15 at the time 37 the call button. The flight attendant came by and 38 the situation. “We have a passenger on the plane who’s 39 and deaf.” she said. The passenger seemed to want something, but he couldn’t 40 his message.
Clara 41 to have been studying ASL for the past year and knew she’d be able to finger spell into the man’s palm. So she 42 her seat belt and walked toward the seat of Tim Cook, then 64.
43 taking his hand, she 44 , “Are you OK?” Cook asked for some water.
When it arrived, Clara returned to her seat. She came by again a bit later because he wanted to know the time. On her third 45 , she stopped and stayed a while.
“He didn’t need anything. He was lonely and wanted to 46 .” Clara says.
So for the next hour, that’s what they did. She talked about her plans for the future. Cook told Clara
47 he had gradually become blind over time and 48 stories of his days as a traveling salesman. Even though he couldn’t see her, she “looked 49 at his face with such kindness,” a passenger reported, “We can see she smiled with happiness, 50 she made a difference in someone’s life.”
“Clara was amazing.” a flight attendant told Alaska Airlines in a blog interview. “You could tell Tim was very 51 to have someone he could speak to, and she was such a(n) 52 .”
Cook’s 53 , “Best trip I’ve ever had.”
Life is a continuous learning experience. As for Clara, she said, “I’ve also learned a lot. The best thing for 54 is to learn something. Learning is the only thing that never 55 .
36. A. puzzling B. urgent C. awkward D. delicate
37. A. rewound B. lifted C. tied D. pressed
38. A. analyzed B. faced C. explained D. observed
39. A. ill B. blind C. homesick D. thirsty
40. A. get across B. get through C. get into D. get off
41. A. intended B. pretended C. happened D. attempted
42. A. unwrapped B. unfastened C. unfolded D. unpacked
43. A. Cautiously B. Secretly C. Gently D. Seriously
44. A. whispered B. signed C. asked D. repeated
45. A. turn B. ride C. journey D. visit
46. A. talk B. relax C. sleep D. cheer
47. A. what B. why C. how D. when
48. A. invented B. conveyed C. created D. shared
49. A. attentively B. surprisingly C. crazily D. anxiously
50. A. if B. because C. so D. but
51. A. terrified B. ashamed C. excited D. touched
52. A. angel B. honor C. sponsor D. interpreter
53. A. recreation B. relief C. reference D. reaction
54. A. amazement B. equality C. appreciation D. freedom
55. A. benefits B. discourages C. inspires D. fails
第三部分:阅读理解 (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
请认真阅读下列短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A
TRAIL SAFE! is a unique safety training program designed specifically for National Park Service (NPS) Trail Volunteers, but is useful to everyone! It’s based upon NPS Operational Leadership Training, where the human factor of safety is explored. TRAIL SAFE! captures (捕捉) the core learning objectives of the 16-hour Operational Leadership course while allowing volunteers to learn from their own homes online.
The TRAIL SAFE! series includes eight video lessons, each ranging in length from 18 to 40 minutes long. Watch them over the course of multiple days, or “binge watch” the entire series in three hours—it’s up to you—but please watch them in order from Lesson 1 through Lesson 8. After viewing the lessons, send your training verification (验证) emails to register your participation. When you have viewed and registered for all eight individual lessons, each participant will receive a TRAIL SAFE! pin and a SPE/GAR card in the mail for use in the field. Thank you for helping to make Sleeping Bear Dunes one of the safest work environments for NPS Trail Volunteers like yourself.
Ready to start?
Click on this link to access all TRAIL SAFE! videos: https://www.nps.gov/iatr/trail-safe.htm
If you require Audio Descriptive versions of TRAIL SAFE!, the link to those videos is also available on the Ice Age Trail site.
Record your participation
In order to receive credits for your participation, please fill in your answers to the following questions and email to: Matthew_mohrmannps.gov.
● Which video lesson did you just complete viewing?
● Name of the Trail where you volunteer.
● Your name and full mailing address, so we may send your course completion materials to you.
● Names and addresses of others if you are viewing this lesson in a group setting.
● Optional: Please let us know any comments or suggestions you have about this lesson.
Upon registering your completion for the entire eight lesson series, you’ll receive your TRAIL SAFE! pin and risk assessment card via mail.
56. What is the aim of TRAIL SAFE!?
A. To develop volunteers’ operational leadership.
B. To urge everyone to explore safety factors.
C. To offer links to the websites for learning.
D. To advocate protection for wildlife.
57. What should the participants do to get a SPE/GAR card?
A. Pass the risk assessment. B. Watch and register for all the series.
C. Answer all of the questions. D. Give some comments on the lessons.
B
In the classic marriage vow (誓约), couples promise to stay together in sickness and in health. But a new study finds that the risk of divorce among older couples rises when the wife-not the husband-becomes seriously ill.
“Married women diagnosed with a serious health condition may find themselves struggling with the impact of their disease while also experiencing the stress of divorce.” said researched Amelia Karraker.
Karraker and co-author Kenzie Latham analyzed 20 years of data on 2,717 marriages from a study conducted by Indiana University since 1992. At the time of the first interview, at least one of the partners was over the age of 50.
The researchers examined how the onset (发生) of four serious physical illnesses affected marriages. They found that, overall, 31% of marriages ended in divorce over the period studied. The incidence of new chronic (慢性的) illness onset increased over time as well, with more husbands than wives developing serious health problems.
“We found that women are doubly weak when their marriage breaks up in the face of illness,” Karraker said. “They’re more likely to be widowed, and if they’re the ones who become ill, they’re more likely to get divorced.”
While the study didn’t assess why divorce is more likely when wives but not husbands become seriously ill, Karraker offers a few possible reasons. “Gender roles and social expectations about caregiving may make it more difficult for men to provide care to sick spouses.” Karraker said. “And because of the imbalance in marriage markets, especially in older ages, divorced men have more choices among potential partners than divorced women.”
Given the increasing concern about health care costs for the aging population, Karraker believes policymakers should be aware of the relationship between disease and risk of divorce.
“Offering support services to spouses caring for their other halves may reduce martial stress and prevent divorce at older ages.” she said. “But it’s also important to recognize that the pressure to divorce may be health-related and that sick ex-wives may need additional care and services to prevent worsening health and increased health costs.”
58. What can we learn about marriage vows from the passage?
A. They can help couples get through hard times.
B. They are not taken seriously any more.
C. They are as binding as they used to be.
D. They may not guarantee a lasting marriage.
59. What did Karraker and co-author Kenzie Latham find about elderly husbands?
A. They can develop different kinds of illness just like their wives.
B. They are more likely to get serious illness than their wives.
C. They are generally not good at taking care of themselves.
D. They are more likely to be divorced in the face of illness.
60. Why is it more difficult for men to take care of their sick spouses according to Karraker?
A. They think it more urgent to take on their social role.
B. They find it much easier to find another partner.
C. They are more accustomed to receiving care.
D. They expect society to do more of the job.
C
The new social robots, including Jibo, Cozmo, Kuri and Meccano M.A.X., bear some similarities to assistants like Apple’s Siri, but these robots come with something more. They are designed to win us over not with their smarts but with their personality. They are sold as companions that do more than talk to us. Time magazine cheered for the robots that “could fundamentally reshape how we interact with machines.” But is reshaping how we interact with machines a good thing, especially for children?
Some researchers in favor of the robots don’t see a problem with this. People have relationships with many kinds of things. Some say robots are just another thing with which we can have relationships. To support their argument, roboticists sometimes point to how children deal with toy dolls. Children animate (赋予…生命) dolls and turn them into imaginary friends. Jibo, in a sense, will be one more imaginary friend, and arguably a more intelligent and fun one.
Getting attached to dolls and sociable machines is different, though. Today’s robots tell children that they have emotions, friendships, even dreams to share. In reality, the whole goal of the robots is emotional trickery. For instance, Cozmo the robot needs to be fed, repaired and played with. Boris Sofman, the chief executive of Anki, the company behind Cozmo, says that the idea is to create “a deeper and deeper emotional connection ... And if you neglect him, you feel the pain of that.” What is the point of this, exactly? What does it mean to feel the pain of neglecting something that feels no pain at being neglected, or to feel anger at being neglected by something that doesn’t even know it is neglecting you?
This should not be our only concern. It is troubling that these robots try to understand how children feel. Robots, however, have no emotions to share, and they cannot put themselves in our place. No matter what robotic creatures “say”, they don’t understand our emotional lives. They present themselves as empathy machines, but they are missing the essential equipment. They have not been born, they don’t know pain, or death, or fear. Robot thinking may be thinking, but robot feeling is never feeling, and robot love is never love.
What is also troubling is that children take robots’ behavior to indicate feelings. When the robots interact with them, children take this as evidence that the robots like them, and when robots don’t work when needed, children also take it personally. Their relationships with the robots affect their self-esteem (自尊). In one study, an 8-year-old boy concluded that the robot stopped talking to him because the robot liked his brothers better.
For so long, we dreamed of artificial intelligence offering us not only simple help but conversation and care. Now that our dream is becoming real, it is time to deal with the emotional downside of living with robots that “feel”.
61. How are the new social robots different from Siri?
A. They have a new way to communicate with human beings.
B. Their main function is to evaluate children’s personality.
C. They are designed to attract people with their smarts.
D. They are intended to teach children how to talk.
62. In Paragraph 3 Cozmo is used as an example to show that the social robots ______.
A. are not good enough to carry out the instructions of children
B. are so advanced that they can feel the pain of human beings
C. are unable to build a real relationship with children
D. are deeply connected with human beings
63. The underlined phrase “essential equipment” in Paragraph 4 refers to ______.
A. fear B. pain C. emotion D. thinking
64. Which of the following shows the development of ideas in the passage?


A. B.






C. D.




I: Introduction P: Point S: Sub-point C: Conclusion

D
The market for products designed specifically for older adults could reach $30 billion by next year, and startups (初创公司) want in on the action. What they sometimes lack is feedback from the people who they hope will use their products. So Brookdale, the country’s largest owner of retirement communication, has been inviting a few select entrepreneurs just to move in for a few days, show off their products and hear what the residents have to say.
That’s what brought Dayle Rodriguez, 28, all the way from England to the dining room of Brookdale South Bay in Torrance, California. Rodriguez is the community and marketing manager for a company called Sentab. The startup’s product, Sentab TV, enables older adults who may not be comfortable with computers to access email, video chat and social media using just their televisions and a remote control.
“It’s nothing new, it’s nothing too complicated and it’s natural because lots of people have TV remotes.” says Rodriguez.
But none of that is the topic of conversation in the Brookdale dining room. Instead, Rodriguez solicits residents’ advice on what he should get on his cheeseburger and how he should spend the afternoon. Playing cards was on the agenda, as well as learning to play mahjong(麻将).
Rodriguez says it’s important that residents here don’t feel like he’s selling them something. “I’ve had more feedback in a passive approach.” he says. “Playing pool, playing cards, having dinner, having lunch, all work better than going through a survey of questions. When they get to know me and to trust me, knowing for sure I’m not selling them something—there’ll be more honest feedback from them.”
Rodriguez is just the seventh entrepreneur to move into one of Brookdale’s 1,100 senior living communities. Other new products in the program have included a kind of full-body blow dryer and specially designed clothin

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版权声明:以上文章中所选用的图片及文字来源于网络以及用户投稿,由于未联系到知识产权人或未发现有关知识产权的登记,如有知识产权人并不愿意我们使用,如果有侵权请立即联系:[email protected],我们立即下架或删除。

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