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2020小升初英语专项复习梳理(七)句子(2)试题

2020小升初英语专项复习梳理(七)句子
【目标达成】
1. 了解小学阶段四种时态的陈述句;
2. 了解小学阶段四种时态的一般疑问句;
3. 了解小学阶段四种时态的特殊疑问句;
4. 了解祈使句及there  be结构。
【知识梳理】
一、针对个人情况进行交流(提问与回答):
 1. 询问名字:
  What’s your name? My name’s Wang Ling. 你叫什么名字?我叫王玲。
    What’s his name? His name’s Wang Gang. 他叫什么名字?他叫王刚。
    What’s her name? Her name’s Wang Fei. 她叫什么名字?她叫王菲。
 2. 询问年龄:
  How old are you? I’m twelve. 你多大了?我12岁。
  How old is he? He is thirteen.他多大了?他13岁。
 3. 询问生日:
  When is your birthday? It’s March 12th.你的生日是什么时候?是3月12日。
 4. 询问职业:
Are you a doctor? Yes, I am./No, I am not.
你是医生吗?是的,我是。/不,我不是。
  What do you do? I am a teacher.你是做什么的?我是一名老师。
What’s your father’s job? He is a postman.
你爸爸的职业是什么?他是一个邮递员。
 5.  询问身高、体重:
  How tall are you? I am 1.58 meters tall.你有多高?我身高1.58米。
  How heavy are you? I  am 60 kilograms.你有多重?我体重60公斤。
 6. 询问喜爱的颜色:
Do you like red? Yes, I do. No, I don’t.
你喜欢红色吗?是的,我喜欢。/不,我不喜欢。
  What colour does he like? He likes blue. 他喜欢什么颜色?他喜欢蓝色。
 7. 询问喜爱的食品 :
  What’s your favorite food? I like chicken.你最喜爱的食物是什么?我喜欢鸡肉。
 8. 询问喜爱的学科:
What’s your favorite subject? My favorite subject is math.
你最喜爱的科目是什么?我最喜爱的科目是数学。
 9. 询问喜爱的季节:
  What season do you like best? I like spring.你最喜欢哪个季节?我喜欢春天。
 10. 询问喜爱的运动:
What’s your favorite sport? I like playing football.
你最喜爱的体育运动是什么?我喜欢踢足球。
 11. 询问喜爱的动物:
  Wh at ’s your favorite animal? I like dogs. 你最喜爱的动物是什么?我喜欢狗。
12.询问是谁:
  Who’s that girl? That’s Ann.那个女孩是谁?那是安。
Who’ he? He’s my father.他是谁?他是我的父亲。
 13. 询问身体状况:
  How are you today? I’m not well.你今天好吗?我不好。
  What’s the matter? My leg hurts. 怎么了?我的腿受伤了。
 14.询问物品拥有:
Do you have a cap? Yes, I do./No, I don’t.
你有一顶帽子吗?是的,我有。/不,我没有。
Does he have a watch? Yes, he does./No, he doesn’t.
他有一块手表吗?是的,他有。/不,他没有。
 15. 询问经常在固定的时间做什么事情:
  What do you do on Sunday? I play sports.你星期天做什么?我做体育运动。
  What does he do on Monday? He goes to school.他星期一做什么?他上学。
 16. 询问经常在什么时间做这样的事情:
  When do you get up? I get up at 6:00.你什么时候起床?我6:00起床。
  When does he get up? He gets up at 6:30. 他什么时候起床?他6:30起床。
 17. 询问现在正在做什么事情:
  What are you doing? I’m reading a book.你在做什么?我在看书。
  What is he doing? He is singing.他在做什么?他在唱歌。
 18. 询问将来的计划.活动安排:
What are you going to do tomorrow? I’m going to ride a horse.
明天你打算做什么?我打算去骑马。
What will you do next Sunday? I will go shopping.
下周日你将做什么?我将去购物。
Where are you going tomorrow? I’m going to the Great Wall.
明天你要去哪儿?我要去长城。
 19. 询问所在的地点.方位:
  Where are you? I’m in front of the car.你在哪儿?我在汽车前面。
  Where were you yesterday? I was at home.昨天你在哪儿?我在家。
 20. 询问过去时间内做了什么事情:
  What did you do yesterday? I went to school.昨天你做什么了?我上学了。
 21. 询问、质疑过去所做过的事情:
  Did you go to the park last night? Yes, I did./No, I didn’t.
    你昨晚去公园了吗?是的,我去了。/不,我没去。
二、针对物品情况进行交流(提问与回答):
  1.询问物品名称:
What’s this? It’s a pen. 这是什么?(它)是一支钢笔。
What are these? They are pens.这些是什么?(它们)是钢笔。
  2.询问物品数量:
  How many pencils are there? There are ten. 有多少铅笔?有10支。
  3.询问物品价钱:
  How much is the book? It is ¥30.书多少钱?(书)30元。
  How much are the pants? They are ¥60. 长裤多少钱?(长裤)60元。
  4.询问物品所属:
Who se computer is this? This is my computer. It’s mine.
这是谁的电脑?这是我的电脑。它是我的(电脑)。
Whose CDs are these? They are her CDs. They’re Ann’s.
这些是谁的唱片?他们是她的唱片。他们是安的(唱片)。
  5.询问物品颜色等特征:
  What colour is the duck? It’s yellow.鸭子是什么颜色?(鸭子)是黄色。
  6.询问物品位置:
  Where is the book? It’s under the bag.书在哪儿?在书包下面。
三、针对时间.天气进行交流(提问与回答):
  1.询问钟表时刻: What time is it? It’s 6:20.几点了?6点20分。
  2.询问星期: What day is today? It’s Monday.今天星期几?星期一。
3.询问月份日期:
What’s the date today? It’s September 1st.今天几号?9月1日。
  4.询问天气状况: What’s the weather like? It’s windy.天气怎么样?有风。
四、以Can 开头的问句:
  1.问答能力:
  Can you swim? Yes,I can./No, I can’t.你会游泳吗?是的,我能。/不,我不会。
  2.请求许可:
Can he go out after school? Yes, he can./No, he can’t.
他放学后能出去吗?是的,他能。/不,他不能。
五、提出问题与建议:
I’m cold. What should I do? You should wear warm clothes.
我很冷。我该做什么?你应该穿暖和的衣服。
He is angry. What should he do? He should take a deep breath.
他很生气。他该做什么?他该深呼吸。
六、祈使句型
1. 建议自己与对方一起做某事:Let’s go to school.我们上学去吧。
2. 给某物涂色: Colour it red.把它涂成红色。
3. 提醒别人看某物:Look at me.看着我。
七、the re be结构
    1. 描述某地有某人/物:
There is a lake in the nature park.自然公园里有一个湖。
There are many flowers in the garden.花园里有许多花。
    2. 一般疑问句:
    Is there a river in the park?公园里有河吗?
Is there any bread on the plate?盘子上有面包吗?
Are there any tall buildings in the village?村子里有高楼吗?
【同步训练】
一、用合适的疑问词填空。
1. —_____ is on duty(值日) today? —Tom.
2. —_____ is your coat? —It’s yellow.
3. —_____ did you go yesterday? —I went to the park.
4. —____ do you get up every day? —At 7:00.
5. —____ do you go to school? —By bus.
6.  —____  are you? —I’m 158cm tall.
7. —____ is your new bike? —It’s 300 yuan.
8. —_____ is it today? —It’s Friday.
9. —____ do you like summer? —Because I can swim in the sea.
10. —_____ is your brother? —He is only four years old.
二、选出合适的答句。
(   )1. Did you watch TV yeste rday?              A. Yes, it is.
(   )2. Are there any rivers in the park?            B. Yes, he can.
(   )3. Is this your c omic book?                  C. Yes, I did.
(   )4. Can he play the violin?                   D. Yes, she does.
(   )5. Does your sister like English?              E. Y es, there  are.
三、连词成句。
1. a, she, what, teacher, is, good(!)
__________________________________
2. are, we, happy, how(!)
__________________________________
3. milk,the, any, box, in, there, is(?)
__________________________________
4. river, are, any, fish, there, the, in(?)
__________________________________
5. any, aren’t, f lowers, there(.)
__________________________________
四、选择与图片相符的句子。
A. Sing a song, please.
B. No fishing!
C. Do sports.
D. Let’s go to school.
E. Let’s clean the classroom.
(   )1   (   )2 (   )3 (   )4  (   )5
五、选择与对话意思相符的图片。
1. —What's the matter with you?
—I hurt my foot.   
A.     B.  
2. —How do you feel?
—I feel sad.   
A.        B.  
3. —Are you taller than your brother?
—No, I'm shorter than him.   
A.         B.  
4. —What did Wu Yifan do last Monday?
—He went swimming with his friends.   
A.       B.  
5. —How did you go to Xinjiang?
—I went there by train.   
A.     B.  

【参考答案】
一、1. Who  2. What colour  3. Where  4. When/What time  5. How
6. How tall  7. How much  8. What day  9. Why  10. How old
二、1. C 2. E 3. A 4. B 5. D
三、1. What a good teacher she is!
2. How happy we are!
3. Is there any milk in the box?
4. Are there any fish in the river?
5. There aren’t any flowers.
四、1. B 2. A 3. D 4. E 5. C
五、1. A 2. A 3. B 4. B 5. B


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