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小升初英语专题8《核心考点短语分类整合》精练人教PEP版

专题08《核心考点短语分类整合》
一、【短语归纳】
  a :  a little(一点)  a lot(很,非常), a lot of(许多), lots of(许多,很多) ,  a bottle of(一盒……), a piece of(一张/片……) , a cup of (一杯……), a glass of(一玻璃杯……),  all right(好,行,不错), most of(大部分……), plenty of(很多,大量的)

  be: be good for(对于……来说是好的), be bad for(对于……来说是不好的), be going to(将要做……), be good at(在……方面出色), be late for(……迟到), between…and …(在……两者之间) ,  both…and… (两着都……).

  come: come from(来自……), Come in(进来). Come on 过来呀!快来呀) ! Come with me(跟我来)! different from(与……不同), of course(当然)

  Do: do one's homework(做家庭作业),  do housework(做家务), do some reading(读书), on duty9(值日),  do morning exercises(做早操).

  get: get down(下来), get up(起床),  get on with(在……方面进展), get home(到家) , get to school(到校)

  go: go boating(去划船), go swimming(去游泳), go running(去跑步), go walking(去散步), go shopping(去购物), go skating(去滑冰), go skiing(去滑雪), go fishing(去钓鱼), go sightseeing(去游览,去观光), go climbing(去爬山) ,  go home(回家), go to school(去上学), go to work(去上班), go straight/down/on/along(一直走), go along(沿着……一直走)

  have: have breakfast(吃早餐), have lunch(吃午饭), have supper(吃晚饭), have dinner(吃正餐), have a class(上课), have a look(看一看), have got(有), have a good appetite(有好胃口,食欲强), have a picnic(野餐)

  how: how many(多少), how much{多少(用于不可数名词)}, how old(几岁), how often(多久一次)

  look: look at(看……) , look like(看起来象),  very much(很,非常), in English(用英语)

  put: put into(把……放到……), put on(穿上……),  put …away…(把……放好/收起来),

  take: take (good) care of(好好爱护,关心,照顾,保管), take photos(照相), take a bath(洗澡), take exercise(进行锻炼,进行练习).

二、【动词短语】
  fly a kite(放风筝), ride a bike(骑自行车), play a game(做游戏), throw …away(把……扔掉), turn on(开……) , stand up(站起来), sing a song(唱歌), ask a question(问问题), run away(流走,跑走), look forward to(盼望), try to(尝试做…….), be angry with(对……生气), divided by(除以……), come to(合计) , collect coins(收集硬币), climb up to the mountain/hill…(爬到山上) by the way(顺便问问),

  time短语:in the morning(在早上), in the afternoon(在下午), in the evening(在晚上), Good morning/ afternoon/evening/night(早上/下午/晚上好/晚安). for hours(持续……小时),  for an hour(持续一个小时), At this time of day(每天的这个时候),five minutes past nine(九点零五分), quarter past nine(九点十五分), quarter to nine(差十五分到九点), all day(整天),   on Sunday/Monday/Tuesday/Wednesday/Thursday/Friday/Saturday(在星期天/星期一/星期二/星期三/星期四/星期五/星期六), Mid-autumn Festival(中秋节), Spring Festival(春节), National Day(国庆节), Children's Day(儿童节), New Year(新年), Women's Day(妇女节), May Day(劳动节), Teachers' Day(教师节), Party's Birthday(党生日)

三、【noun短语】

  family tree(家族谱), favourite food/ drinks/colour/subject (喜爱的食物)  paint brush(画笔), an office worker(一个办公室文员), class teacher(班主任), an old…(一个/件老的/旧的……), years old(…..岁), the high jump(跳高), the long jump(跳远), a map of China/the UK…(一张中国/英国……地图), e-mail address(电子邮箱地址), telephone number(电话号码)

  交通手段:on foot(走路), by bus/car/ship/plane/underground/bike(乘公共汽车/小轿车/轮船/飞机/地铁/自行车),

四、【介词短语】

  at the beginning of(在……的开始), at the end of(在…..的结尾/结束),   at the weekend(在周末),  on the weekdays(在工作日), in front of (在…..的前面), in the front of(在……物品内的前面), in the middle of (在……的中间), next to(在……旁边), at the gate of(在……的大门), on the floor(在地板上), on the …(  ) floor(在第几层楼), on the ground floor(在一楼), at home(在家), at school(在学校), over there(那里,那边), in the sun(在阳光下),  from…to…(从……到……), turn right/left(向右/左转), on the left(在左边), on the right(在右边), to the east/west/north/south of(在…….的东/西/北/南方), from the left/right(从左/右), kilometers/metres away(离……千米/米远), in Class One(在一班), in Grade Six(在六年级)

五、【句子】

  Please say hello to…for me(宾格)/人名{请代(我)向……问好}. Here it is(是). Here they are().  Here you are(给你). Nice to meet you(很高兴见到你)! Nothing much(没什么). Not at all(没关系).  Shall we…?{(用于建议)我们……好吗?} I'll take it(我买了). It's time to …(是做……的时候了) It's time for….(是……的时候了)  Excuse me(对不起,打扰了).  See you(再见)! welcome to …(欢迎到……), You're welcome(别客气). What about…?(……呢?)  How do you do?{你好吗? (用于初次见面,答句相同) How do you like…?(你觉得……怎么样?) It doesn't matter.(没关系) That's a pity.(真糟糕) Never mind!(不要紧) And you? (你呢?)Happy birthday!(生日快乐)

  地方建筑:post office(邮局), police station(警察局), train station(火车站), sports stadium(大型露天运动场), department store(百货商场), kinds of (不同种类), the Children's Home(少年之家), primary school(小学), middle school(中学)

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