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广东三校2018-2019高一英语下学期期中试卷(带答案)

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2018级高一(下)高一英语期中三校联考
(珠海一中 金山中学 佛山一中)2019.5.5

第一部分:单项填空(共 20 小题;每小题1.5分,满分 30 分), 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

1. One of our rules is that every student _______ wear school uniform while at school.   
A. might         B. could           C. shall             D. will
2. Our school makes _______ a rule that students______ bring their mobile phones to campus.
A. it; needn’t     B. it; mustn’t        C. that; mustn’t         D. that; needn’t
3. Something terrible _______ if Li Chang was not coming to eat in his restaurant ______ he always did.
A. must have happened; what            B. could have happened; as        
C. must have happened; as               D. could have happened; what
4. It is so wet there that the trees are extremely tall, some _________ over 90 meters.
A. are measured     B. are measured         C. measured          D. measuring      
5. The fact is ______ I earned my passage by working as an unpaid hand, which ______ my appearance.
A. that; accounts for                     B. ; accounts for        
C. how; give an explanation to           D. ; give an explanation to
6. How happy we are! The holiday we have been looking forward _______ at last.
A. to has come     B. having come         C. to having come     D. has come
7. It is not always easy for the public to see _______ use a new invention can be of to human life.
A. whose           B. what             C. which           D. that
8. Evidence has been found through years of study _______ children’s early sleeping problems are likely to continue when they grow up.
A. whether        B. how                C. that               D. why
9. You are saying that everyone should take equal responsibility, and that is _______ I disagree.
A. why            B. where             C. what               D. how
10. _______ is no doubt _______ Shanghai Book Traders will make greater and greater contributions to the development of Shanghai.
A. It; that            B. There; what         C. There; that         D. It; what
11. _________ the Silk Road covered a huge distance ________ modern day Xi’an with the Middle East and Europe, today one area in particular is associated with the name of the Silk Road.
A. Why; linking                        B. Why; linked         
C. Although; linked                    D. Although; linking
12. It ________ long before we ________ the result of the experiment.
A. will not be; will know              B. is; will know         
C. will not be; know                   D. is know
13.One can always manage to do more things, no matter ________ full one’s schedule is in life.
A. where          B. when             C. what               D. how
14. You have to take some necessities such as ropes, a flash, boots, ________ you may get lost in the mountain if going hiking.
A. in case         B. in order that        C. now that           D. so that
15. Some great people said it was their primary school teachers and their lessons _______ they were fond of ________ influenced their whole lives.
A. which; that        B. that; which         C. which; which       D. that; that
16. This is the small house less than 15 square meters, under _______ roof lives a large family of three generations.
A. which            B. whose             C. as               D. that
17. Biarni was hoping to join his father _______ was with Eric, but he was blown off course and found himself in an unknown land, ________ he eventually reached Greenland.
A. who; from where                    B. who; from which    
C. what; from where                    D. what; from which
18. Today, the Xinjiang Autonomous Region remains an international crossroad ________ traders from surrounding countries, and tourists from all over the world regular meet.
A. whose        B. where             C. when             D. why
19. Paper cuts used for religious purposes ________ as offerings to the dead. People ________ whom the dead person was related would make these offerings on special days.
A. are used; to        B. using; to             C. are used; for         D. using; for
20. Michael put up a picture of Lionel Messi beside the bed to keep himself _______of his own dreams.
A. reminding         B. to remind            C. reminded         D. remind

第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节(共15小题:每小题2分,满分30分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。
A
Three magical destinations just one day!
Tour Code    Adult    Child(3-16)    Student    Family(2+2)
Tour203    £94    £84    £89    £346
TOUR DETAILS
Windsor Castle
Time-honored in history, Windsor Castle is proudly located on a wooded hill overlooking the Thames River. Dating back to Norman times, it is famous for sweeping landscaped gardens, which is easy to see why it’s the Queen’s favorite week place. Famous for its architecture and Royal palace, the Castle was built in the 11th century after the Norman invasion. It’s home to priceless artworks and you can visit Queen Mary’s Dolls’ House. Remember don’t miss the ceremony—Changing of the Guards.
Stonehenge
Stonehenge is located in the county of Wiltshire. This is your chance to see a side of the world-famous stones that most people don’t get a chance to see! You will never forget your first glimpse of grand Stonehenge with its rocks rising up against the skyline on Salisbury Plain. There are many unsolved mysteries about the rocks. Was Stonehenge intended as a religious temple? A clock for astronomy? A burial ground? Make up your own mind as you explore this unique site that has confused the world for 5, 000 years.  
Bath
Beautiful Bath was the first city in England to be added to the UNESCO World Heritage List. No tour of Bath would be complete with a visit to the famous Roman Baths that gave the city its name. This beautifully preserved bathing site still has flowing water from Brain’s only hot spring. You will be amazed by the impressive torch-lighting ceremony as dusk falls. You can also have a taste of Bath’s water in Pump Room, where hot waters are drawn for drinking.  

21. If your family (2 adults and 2 children) want to visit Winsor, Bath and Stonehenge, it will cost you at least ________.
A.£188              B.£356             C.£168             D.£346
22. Where can visitors see Changing of the Guards?
A. In WinsorCastle.                     B. In Bath.             
C. In Stonehenge.                     D. In Pump Room.
23. Where is the passage probably taken from?
A. a science fiction novel                 B. a travelling brochure
C. a news report                         D. a sports magazine

B
When I graduated from high school, I wanted to major in comparative literature. But, once I found out my friends were going into “real” majors, like marketing, nursing, and engineering, I figured I needed to do the same to ensure a good career. So I changed my mind and chose Business Management as my major. I forced myself to believe that I would enjoy it and succeed in the future, but eventually I exhausted myself understanding the economy and trying new marketing techniques. Coming out of this experience, I realize it is ok to be different from others and to study things like art history and other majors offered in the College of Humanities(人文学科)!
The worries most people have about a Humanities degree and finding a career afterwards are that the majors are too abstract, and one will not obtain any applicable skills. Actually ideas discussed in Humanities classes, which are occasionally different from what people commonly believe, offer a broad perspective(视角). How could one effectively be an unbiased(无偏见的)writer with only a knowledge of the popular opinion of society? How could one speak persuasively with closed minds? Only seeing the world through a single perspective leads to missed learning, missed friendships, and missed growth! With a broader perspective, we’ll be freer, more open-minded, and less limited in what we can become!
STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) graduates learn actual skills in their studies, while humanities majors learn “soft skills” like communicating effectively through writing critically and speaking persuasively, synthesizing(综合)ideas through gathering and interpreting information, and developing cultural awareness. Do those soft skills sound useless and inapplicable to you? Think of it. How often do you communicate with others? Produce ideas? Encounter people from other cultures? Every day. Every SECOND of every day. So why not master these skills?
If you choose a major in the College of Humanities, you will be needed. The job market is quietly creating thousands of openings a week for people who can bring a humanist’s grace to our rapidly evolving high-tech future. Your skills will be valuable to any workplace you hope to be in. Chase after your dream major with all your energy, no matter what other people think.

24. Why did the author choose Business Management as his major at first?
A. He was tired of learning comparative literature.
B. He came to enjoy learning marketing techniques.
C. He wanted to go to the same university as his friends.
D. He believed Business Management was more practical.
25. According to the author, what is a possible way to gain a broad perspective?
A. Making more friends and learning from them.
B. Exchanging ideas in a philosophy class.
C. Opening your mind to future possibilities.
D. Getting to know the popular opinion of society.
26. In which of the following situations do soft skills play the most important role?
A. Writing a software program.        B. Performing a heart operation.
C. Playing a musical instrument.        D. Negotiating with a business partner.
27. What could be the best title for the passage?
A. Stick to Your Desired major            B. Broaden Your Perspective
C. How to Acquire Soft Skills            D. Humanities vs. STEM

C
A small school in rural India is gaining attention over the fact that all 300 students are ambidextrous(左右手都灵巧的). Data shows that only one percent of the global population is ambidextrous, but the ambitious founder of Veena Vandini School, in Madhya Pradesh, is aiming to change that, starting at a local level.
A former soldier and Veena Vandini School founder VP Sharma stated that he was inspired to focus on ambidexterity training by India’s first president Rajendra Prasad who was in office from 1950 to 1962. Unexpectedly, the president was ambidextrous. "I read in a magazine that Dr. Rajendra Prasad, India’s first president, used to write with both hands. This inspired me to give it a try, “Mr. Sharma said.”Later when I launched my school at my native village, I tried training the students. "
 "We begin training students from standard Ⅰ and by the time they reach standard Ⅲ, they are comfortable writing with both the hands,” Sharma added. "Students of up to standard Ⅶ can write with speed and accuracy. Further, they can write two scripts at the same time, one with each hand. Students also know several languages, including Urdu. "
Every 45-minute class at Veena Vandini includes 15 minutes devoted to handwriting practice, ensuring that every student develops the ability to write with both hands. VP Sharma also believes that the skill better enables students to learn multiple languages, and has them practice writing the same words in different languages at the same time. Although it is widely believed to help increase concentration, more recent studies have found that this is false and studying to become ambidextrous can, in fact, harm cognitive development.
A Scientific American study revealed that ambidextrous children performed worse than left- or right-handers on a range of skills, especially in math, memory, and logical reasoning. A study in northern Finland indicated that children who are ambidextrous are much likelier to develop mental health issues, including ADHD, language problems, and academic problems.

28.What is special about Veena Vandini School?
A.It only accepts 300 students yearly.
B.It was set up by India’s first president.
C.It mainly teaches how to write with both hands.
D.It requires students to learn practical living skills
29.In which standard can students write quickly and accurately?
A. Standard Ⅲ.    B. Standard Ⅳ.    C. Standard Ⅵ.D. Standard Ⅶ.
30.What might most people think of the skill promoted by VP Sharma?
A.It helps students fix their attention.
B.It does harm to students’ creativity.
C.It increases students’ academic stress.
D.It inspires students to learn more languages.
31.What do the two studies suggest in the last paragraph?
A.Kids are reluctant to write with both hands.
B.Kids shouldn’t learn to write with both hands.
C.Kids who are ambidextrous always fail in the math test.
D.Kids who are ambidextrous often have serious mental illness

D
Essentially, everyone has two ages: a chronological(按时间计算的)age, how old the calendar says you are, and a biological age, basically the age at which your body functions as it compares to average fitness or health levels.
“Chronological age isn’t how old we really are. It’s merely a number,” said Professor David Sinclair at Harvard University. “It is biological age that determines our health and ultimately our lifespan. We all age biologically at different rates according to our genes, what we eat, how much we exercise, and what environment we live in. Biological age is the number of candles we really should be blowing out. In the future, with advances in our ability to control biological age, we may have even fewer candles on our birthday cake than the previous one.”
To  calculate  biological age,  Professor Levine  at  Yale  University identified nine biomarker(生物标志)that seemed to be the most influential on lifespan by a simple blood test. The numbers of those markers, such as blood sugar and immune(免疫的)measures, can be put into the computer, and the algorithm(算式;算法)does the rest.
Perhaps what’s most important here is that these measures can be changed. Doctors can take this information and help patients make changes to lifestyle, and hopefully take steps to improve their biological conditions. “I think the most exciting thing about this research is that these things aren’t set in stone,” Levine said. “People can be given the information earlier and take steps to improve their health before it’s too late.”
Levine even entered her own numbers into the algorithm. She was surprised by the results. “I always considered myself a very healthy person. I’m physically active; I eat what I consider a fairly healthy diet. But I did not find my results to be as good as I had hoped they would be. It was a wake-up call,” she said.
Levine is working with a group to provide access to the algorithm online so that anyone can calculate their biological age, identify potential risks and take steps to improve their own health in the long run. “No one wants to live an extremely long life with a lot of chronic(慢性的)diseases,” Levine said. “By delaying the development of mental and physical functioning problems, people can still be engaged in society in their senior years. That is the ideal we should be pursuing.”

32. Biological age depends on _______.
A. whether we can adapt ourselves to the environment
B. how well our body works compared with our peers’


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