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2018-2019高一英语上学期期末试卷(带答案山西省芮城县)

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 芮城县高一年级期末调研考试
英 语 试 题
           (本试题共150分;时间:120分钟)           2019.1
第I卷
第一部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分60分)
第一节 (共15小题;每小题3分,满分45分)
A
Welcome to Holker Hall & Gardens
Visitor Information
How to Get to Holker
By Car:Follow brown signs on A590 from J36, M6. Approximate travel times: Windermere—20 minutes, Kendal—25 minutes, Lancaster—45 minutes, Manchester—1 hour 30 minutes.
By Rail:The nearest station is Cark-in-Cartmel with trains to Carnforth, Lancaster and Preston for connections to major cities & airports.
Opening Times
Sunday—Friday (closed on Saturday)11:00 am—4:00pm, 30th March—2nd November.
Admission Charges
Hall & Gardens            Gardens
Adults:     £ 12.00                  £ 8.00
Groups:     £ 9.00                   £ 5.50
Special Events
Producers’ Market   13th April
Join us to taste a variety of fresh local food and drinks.Meet the producers and get some excellent recipe ideas.
Holker Garden Festival  30th May
The event celebrates its 22nd anniversary with a great show of the very best of gardening, making it one of the most popular events in gardening.
National Garden Day  28th August
Holker once again opens its gardens in aid of the disadvantaged. For just a small donation you can take a tour with our garden guide.
Winter Market  8th November
This is an event for all the family.Wander among a variety of shops selling gifts
while enjoying a live music show and nice street entertainment.
1. How long does it probably take a tourist to drive to Holker from Manchester?
A. 20 minutes.     B. 25 minutes.      C. 45 minutes.      D. 90 minutes.
2. How much should a member of a tour group pay to visit Hall & Gardens?
A. £ l2.00.        B. £ 9.00.           C. £ 8.00          D. £ 5.50
3.Which event will you go to if you want to see a live music show?
A. Producers' Market.      B. Holker Garden Festival.
C. National Garden Day.     D. Winter Market.
B
There was a gardener who looked after his garden with great care. To water his flowers, he used two buckets(桶). One was a shiny and new bucket. The other was a very old and dilapidated one, which had seen many years of service, but was now past its best.
   Every morning, the gardener would fill up the two buckets. Then he would carry them along the path, one on each side, to the flowerbeds. The new bucket was very proud of itself. It could carry a full bucket of water without a single drop spilled (溢出).The old bucket felt very ashamed because of its holes:before it reached the flowerbeds, much water had leaked along the path.
Sometimes the new bucket would say, "See how capable I am! How good it is that the gardener has me to water the flowers every day! I don't know why he still bothers with you. What a waste of space you are!"
And all that the old bucket could say was, "I know I'm not very useful, but I can only do my best. I'm happy that the gardener still finds a little bit of use in me, at least."
    One day, the gardener heard that kind of conversation. After watering the flowers as usual, he said, "You both have done your work very well. Now I am going to carry you back. I want you to look carefully along the path."
Then the two buckets did so. All along the path, they noticed, on the side where the new bucket was carried, there was just bare(光秃秃的) earth;on the other side where the old bucket was carried, there was a joyous row of wild flowers, leading all the way to the garden.
4.What does the underlined word "dilapidated" probably mean?
A . great.      B. dark.       C. worn-out.      D. excellent
5.What was the old bucket ashamed of?
A. His past.       B. His aging.      C. His manner.      D.His leaking.
6.The new bucket made conversations with the old one mainly to________.
A. laugh at the old one                  
B. take pity on the old one
C. show off its beautiful looks            
D. praise the gardener's kindness
7.Why was the old bucket still kept by the gardener?
A. Because it was used to keep a balance. B. Because it stayed in its best condition.
C. Because it was taken as a treasure.  D. Because it had its own function.
C
  On April 2,we said goodbye to Tiangong I,China’s first space lab.According to the China Manned Space Agency(中国载人航天),Tiangong I re-entered the Earth's atmosphere (大气层)and fell into the South Pacific Ocean.   
There are many spacecraft that are still in orbit above the Earth.They are flying at heights ranging from 300 to 1,000 kilometers.After finishing their trips,they will all re-enter the Earth’s atmosphere like Tiangong I.
There are two types of re-entries:controlled(受控的)re-entry and uncontrolled  re-entry.
Some satellites(卫星)and manned spacecraft come back to the Earth in a controlled re-entry.Scientists calculate(计算)the path of the falling spacecraft and its speed.They can guide the spacecraft to fall in a chosen area.In 2017,Tianzhou I,China’s first cargo(货运)spacecraft, was directed to fall in the South Pacific Ocean.
Some spacecraft may have problems while in space, or are simply no longer usable
 after a certain amount of time. These craft come back in an uncontrolled re-entry. It is
hard to tell when and where these spacecraft will fall until the last few hours.The US
space station Skylab came back partially uncontrolled in l979.Parts of the station fell
in western Australia, but no one was injured.
During re-entry, most of the spacecraft will burn up while passing through the
 Earth’s atmosphere.Only a small amount of the debris(碎片)will reach the ground.
The debris typically ends up falling into the ocean,China Daily reported.Tiangong I
 weighs about 8.5 tons.The amount of debris that falls to the Earth might be about l to
1.5 tons, the Beijing News reported . That is about the same weight as a car.
8.The debris from Tiangong I_____
  A. fell into the South Pacific ocean     B. fell in western Australia
  C. fell in the central part of the US     D. fell into the North Pacific Ocean
9.When the spacecraft finishes its trip,it will_____
A. burn up and disappear       B. re-enter the Earth's atmosphere
  C. speed up and fly back to Earth     D. enter another orbit and stay in space
10.Which of the following is TRUE about the US space station Skylab?
  A. It came back in a controlled re-entry.
  B. Some people were injured by its debris.
  C. It was hard to tell where it would fall in advance.   
  D. 1t was directed to fall into the ocean.
11.This story most likely comes from   
  A. a storybook              B. a government report
  C. a science magazine          D. a movie review   
D
    If you live in Shanghai, Beijing or many other cities, you may see many orange bicycles on the streets these days.
   These bikes are owned by a company called Mobike. You can order a bike through an app on your phone. When you find a bike, you just scan a QR code (扫描二维码) on the bike so you can use it. You don't need to return the bike to a station- you can park it anywhere.
   China was known as "the kingdom of bicycles" about 30 years ago. But more people choose to drive cars and catch the subway these days. Bike rental(租凭的) services like Mobike are bringing bikes back.
   “Back then, I got the feeling that Chinese people were trying to be modern and push away the past. So they did not want to be linked with bicycles," said Ines Brunn, a German woman who runs a bike store in Beijing. "I do believe changes in people's tastes will shape new thinking about bikes."       
    Online rental services are making biking more convenient, but it's still not easy to ride bikes in Chinese cities. Cars often take up bicycle lanes (道路). Bikers have to ride next to cars in car lanes, which can be very dangerous.
    Beijing plans to build over 3,200 km of new bike lanes. Drivers who drive in bike lanes will be punished. Traffic signs will be put up to better protect bikers.
12. If you want to use a Mobike,____.
   A. you have to scan a QR code     B. you don't need to pay for it
   C. you don't have to return it     D. you have to pay for an app
13. Which of the following is NOT true, according to Paragraph 3?
   A. China had the most bicycles in the world about 30 years ago.
   B. There are more bicyclists than motorists these days.
   C. More people are driving cars or taking the subway these days.         
   D. Bike rental services are becoming more popular.
14. What does Ines Brunn mean when she says people's tastes are changing?
   A. Chinese people like modern things.
   B. Chinese people like riding bicycles.
   C. People in Beijing are changing their tastes.
   D. More people will start riding bikes.
15. Which is the best title for the passage?
   A. How to use a Mobike     B. Orange bikes will be fashionable
   C. Bringing back bikes     D. Why is Beijing building new bike lanes?

第二节 (共5小题;每小3分,满分15分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
     Life is filled with regrets.   16  When we look back, we always wish that we had made better choices. Then what can we do to avoid future regrets?
     Make better plans.               
     If you start to do something, you need to make a plan before doing it. The earlier, the better.    17   You'll also know what you should do and what you shouldn't do.
       18 
     You can go around more often. More outdoor activities can keep you relaxed and active. You also need to be kind. 'Thank you' can bring a smile to someone's face. Learn to say 'sorry' and don't be angry with others.
     Find the right friend.
     A friend may make your life and can break your life as well.   19   Good friends will always better your ideas.
     Never fear failure.
     Everybody fails. Even the greatest person failed. We should not fear failure, because failure is not the end of the road.  20 
     Life is good. We don't have to live in our past, but we do hope that we can plan better, live better and work better when we have the chance to do so.
     A. Live a more active life.
     B. Almost all of us have no difficulty telling our regrets.
     C. We should take failure as a chance and improve ourselves.
     D. We had many dreams when we were young children.
     E. So you have to think twice when you choose a friend.
     F. Build up your confidence.
     G. You will know what comes first and what comes last.

第二部分  英语知识运用(共两节,满分55分)
第一节  完形填空(共20小题,每小题2分,满分40分)
阅读下面短文。从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A man was employed to paint a boat. He brought paint and   21  and began to paint the boat as the owner  22  . While painting, he   23   there was a hole in the body of the boat and decided to  24  it.When he finished painting, he received his
  25  and left.
The next day, the owner of the boat visited the painter and  26  him with a cheque(支票), much  27  than what he was paid for the painting work. The painter was  28  .
"You've already paid me for painting the boat, sir!"he said.
"This is not for the paint job. It's for repairing the  29  in the boat."
"Ah! But it was such a small service."  The man said.  " Certainly it's not worth paying me such a high amount for something so  30  !"
"My dear friend, " the owner said,  "You don't understand. Let me tell you  31 
happened. When I asked you to paint the boat, I  32  to mention the hole. When the boat dried, my kids took it and  33  a fishing trip. They did not know that there was a hole there.
"I was not at home at the time. So when I  34  and noticed they have taken the boat, I was  35  . Imagine my  36   and joy when I saw them returning  37  from fishing.
"Then, I examined the boat and found that you had repaired the hole! You now see what you did? You  38  the life of my children!"
Each of us has a moral duty to offer help, wipe tears, listen carefully and repair all the "hole" we  39  in our life journey, because a small act will make a big  40  in the future.
21. A. rulers    B. brushes   C. knives    D. pens
22. A. ordered    B. hated   C. wanted    D. acted
23. A. felt     B. heard   C. sensed    D. noticed
24. A. make    B. dig    C. repair    D. prepare
25. A. money    B. paint   C. brush    D. fish
26. A. dropped   B. cooked   C. presented   D. took
27. A. lighter    B. higher   C. heavier    D. better
28. A. happy    B. disappointed  C. embarrassed   D. surprised
29. A. hole    B. chair   C. paddle    D. picture
30. A. huge    B. small   C. great    D. rude
31. A. when    B. why    C. what    D. how
32. A. stopped    B. regretted   C. remembered   D. forgot
33. A. went on   B. went away  C. went over   D. went through
34. A. drove    B. shared   C. rewarded   D. returned
35. A. hopeless   B. silly    C. crazy    D. excited
36. A. belief    B. relief   C. sadness    D. worry
37. A. sweetly    B. healthily   C. directly    D. safely
38. A. saved    B. hurt    C. broke    D. designed
39. A. come out   B. come in   C. come across   D. come into
40. A. achievement  B. progress   C. process    D. difference
第II卷
注意:将答案写在答题卡上。写在本试卷上无效。
第二节:(共10小题;每题1.5分,共15分)
阅读下面短文,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式(不多于3个)。
    The following are some greatest artists or painters in the world.
Pablo Picasso was considered   41  (be) the greatest western artist of the twentieth century,   42   was a Spanish artist. Picasso and another painter, George Braque, started Cubism.
Roy Lichtenstein  was     43     contemporary American artist. One of   44  
(he) works is a world famous example of pop art. Pop art was an important modern art movement that    45   (aim) to show ordinary twentieth-century city life.
      Qi Baishi was one of China's   46   (great) painters. He followed the   47 
(tradition) Chinese style of painting. Chinese painting is known   48    its brush drawings in black inks and natural colours. Qi Baishi's paintings are special because he observed the world of nature very   49   (careful).
      Xu Beihong was one of China's best-known twentieth-century  50  (artist).
Like Qi Baishi, Xu painted in the traditional Chinese style and is most famous for
his lively paintings of horses.

第三部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节  短文改错 (共10分;每小题1分,满分10分)
    假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下短文。短文中共有10处错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧), 并在此符号下面写出该加的词。
    删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
修改: 在错的词下画一横线, 并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1、每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
2、只允许修改10处, 多者(从第11处起) 不计分。
Last summer holiday, I paid visit to Hong Kong with my parents. To our surprises, we found the streets there were not as wide as that in our city. The buses and cars were running very fast. The sidewalks were always crowding because many visitors went there every day. The people there were friendly, and when we were asked them for help, they were willing to help us. We take many photos there and then shared them to our friends. We also bought some gifts there for much things were sold at a discount. We found it hardly to say goodbye to Hong Kong. We hope to go there once more unless we have chances.                                                
第二节 书面表达(满分25分)
    假定你是李华,你得知你的英国笔友Jane经常不吃早餐,昨日因胃痛发作住院治疗。请根据以下要点提示,给她写封邮件,内容包括:
1.陈述不吃早饭的危害;   
    2.劝她养成健康的生活方式。
 注意:
    1.词数100左右;   
2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
Dear Jane,
                                                                                   
                                                                                   
Yours,
Li Hua

 
芮城县高一年级期末调研考试
英 语 答 案
阅读理解:
A篇  DBD    B篇  CDAD   C篇  ABCC  D篇 ABDC 
七选五 BGAEC 
完形填空
21—25 B C D C A    26—30 C B D A B 
31—35 C D A D A    36—40 B D A C D
语法填空
41. to be      42. who       43. a      44. his       45. aimed  
46. greatest    47. traditional      48. for     49. carefully    50. artists
改错:
 

写作:
One possible version:
Dear Jane,
I am sorry to know you were in hospital because you had a stomachache yesterday resulting from not eating breakfast. I’d like to offer you some advice.
As we all know, it is important to have a good breakfast that consists of grain, fruit and vegetables. However, you don’t have the habit of having breakfast on time, which is harmful to your health. I think you should develop a healthy way of life from now on. Besides, it is also wise to take enough physical exercise every day, which will help you stay energetic and free form disease.
I hope that my advice will be of great help to you.         
Yours,
                                                    Li  Hua


 
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