【www.5ykj.com - 莲山课件】
高 一 英 语
1. What does the man mean?
A. He’s interested in math and thinks it is difficult.
B. He is not good at math.
C. He thinks that math is not difficult to learn.
2. What does the woman mean?
A. It’s terrible to go abroad alone.
B. It doesn’t matter if the man is not good at English.
C. The man should improve his English.
3. What does the man mean?
A. Mr. Wang’s briefing (简报) was unnecessarily long.
B. The woman should have been more attentive.
C. Mr. Wang’s briefing was not referring to the task.
4. What will the woman do?
A. Give the man the direction to the Smith’s.
B. Show the man her house.
C. Get to know Mr. Smith.
5. Why wasn’t the woman invited to the professor’s house?
A. She was very busy. B. She couldn’t afford the time. C. She annoyed the professor.
6. Who is the man?
A. A stranger to the woman. B. David’s friend. C. A chef（大厨）David hired.
7. What can we know from the conversation?
A. The man cooked tonight.
B. The woman knows the man well.
C. The woman is busy with her work in the shop.
8. What places does the woman especially want to visit?
A. The Great Wall and the Temple of Heaven.
B. The Temple of Heaven and the Palace Museum.
C. The Summer Palace and the Great Wall.
9. How long will it take the speakers to go to the Great Wall by car?
A. One hour. B. One and a half hours. C. Half an hour.
10. What does the man dislike about his job?
A. Working in a hotel. B. Working in summer. C. Traveling all the time.
11. Why doesn’t the man want to take the new job?
A. He doesn’t get a good pay.
B. He dislikes working in a seaside town.
C. He hates playing the same music again and again.
12. What does the woman think of the job the man was offered?
A. Boring. B. Well-paid. C. Tough.
13. Why did the woman mention the Sahara desert?
A. She watched a TV program about it last night.
B. She thinks it is boring to hitchhike across the Sahara desert.
C. She knows that the man likes foreign things.
14. What kind of film does the woman like?
A. Love stories. B. Travel stories. C. Horror stories.
15. What can we learn about the man speaker?
A. He does not like having lunch with the woman.
B. He likes unusual food.
C. He gets sick of chips.
第一节 单项选择（共15小题；每题1分, 满分15分）
16. According to recent reports, one of the rare animals, _____ crocodile, will be in danger of dying out in _____ 2020s.
A. a; / B. the; the C. the; / D. /; the
17. She keeps a supply of candles in the house in case of power _____.
A. absence B. lack C. failure D. drop
18. --- I can’t find my raincoat. I hung it behind the door.
--- I saw Peter going away with _____, but I’m not sure whether it’s yours.
A. one B. that C. it D. some
19. When people talk about the famous attractions in Yangzhou, the first _____ comes into their mind is the Slender West Lake.
A. place B. one C. that D. of them
20. Passengers, don’t occupy the chairs with your bags, _____?
A. don’t you B. will they C. don’t they D. will you
21. --- Sorry to say that I can’t play football with you this afternoon, for I’ll have to prepare for the coming examination.
--- _____. Have some fun!
A. Don’t be a wet blanket B. It’s not my cup of tea
C. Don’t pull my leg D. We’re all ears
22. Doctor Wang, who _____ western medicine for six years in New York, is now working in a famous hospital in Shanghai.
A. had studied B. studied C. has studied D. is studying
23. I dont think he used to get heavier homework in his old school than what he gets here, _____?
A. dont I B. didnt he C. used he D. do I
24. No matter when you come across any trouble, never say die and Im sure your efforts will finally _____.
A. pay off B. pay for C. pay back D. pay your way
25. An Lee is so _____ a film director that he almost spends all his time making his new film Life of Pi.
A. challenging B. energetic C. academic D. attractive
26. Colonel Harland Sanders was the founder of KFC, for _____ life was full of failures before he was successful.
A. whom B. who C. whose D. his
27. --- Its pity that you didnt come to my graduation ceremony yesterday.
--- Im sorry. I _____ for it, but then it rained dogs and cats.
A. had left B. left C. would go D. was going to leave
28. Allow children the space to express their opinions, _____ they are different from your own.
A. as B. even though C. until D. as though
29. --- Where did you meet him?
--- It was in the hotel _____ I was staying.
A. which B. that C. where D. on which
30. In the dark forests _____, some large enough to hold several English towns.
A. do many lakes lay B. lie many lakes
C. do many lakes lie D. many lakes lay
Jane walked into the hospital and shivered (寒颤). She did not like them because ___31___ were always so cold, and everything in them was so white. Unwillingly, she ___32___ her mother and father into her grandmother’s room. Up to her chin in blankets, her grandmother looked small and ___33___. Jane saw a tube in her grandmother’s arm and all types of machines beside her. [
Her mother gently kissed her grandmother on the cheek, ___34___ Jane was afraid to get too close. Her grandmother smiled at her and ___35___ for her to come closer, and ___36___ Jane walked over and took her grandmother’s hand. “Hi, Sweetie,” whispered her grandmother. “Don’t be ___37___ by all these machines. It’s still me.”
The nurse came in to ___38___ on her grandmother. She used a thermometer to take her grandmother’s ___39___ and a stethoscope (听诊器) to listen to her heart. Jane found everything the nurse did for her grandmother extremely ___40___. She asked about the medical instruments, and the nurse ___41___ how they were used. Jane was all ears, examining each instrument carefully.
The nurse was really ___42___ toward her grandmother. She softened her pillows and made sure she was ___43___ comfortably. She supplied her with ___44___, food, and reading materials. Jane could see what a positive ___45___ the help had on her grandmother. She asked, “Do you enjoy being a nurse?” “Yes, I love taking care of people,” the nurse replied, “and I find it ___46___ to watch people get better. It’s exciting to be a part of all these different people’s lives.”
As the nurse left the room, Jane ___47___ at her grandmother and her parents. She was filled with excitement as she ___48___ herself attending Nursing School and learning to care for sick people. For the first time, she didn’t ___49___ being in a hospital. She was starting to like the smell and the white walls of the hospital. They were ___50___ of people trying to help other people.
31. A. patients B. nurses C. doctors D. hospitals
32. A. followed B. led C. showed D. invited
33. A. angry B. kind C. weak D. young
34. A. so B. or C. for D. but
35. A. headed B. longed C. gestured D. looked
36. A. rapidly B. immediately C. surprisingly D. hesitantly
37. A. frightened B. unsatisfied C. discouraged D. disappointed
38. A. visit B. call C. meet D. check
39. A. hand B. temperature C. blanket D. tube
40. A. meaningful B. useless C. perfect D. interesting
41. A. explained B. wondered C. learned D. promised
42. A. hopeful B. special C. attentive D. serious
43. A. recovering B. laying C. sitting D. resting
44. A. machines B. water C. pillows D. support
45. A. behavior B. effect C. attitude D. experience
46. A. tiring B. painful C. satisfying D. amusing
47. A. stared B. laughed C. waved D. smiled
48. A. imagined B. found C. admitted D. enjoyed
49. A. forbid B. love C. mind D. regret
50. A. signals B. signs C. marks D. images
An antifreeze（防冻剂）is a liquid that is added to water to keep it from freezing. When water freezes and turns to ice, it expands. The force of water expanding is so great that it will break the hardest metal. Water is used in car engines to keep them cool while they run, and if this water is allowed to freeze in winter it can break the iron block of the engine. That is why antifreezes are necessary.
Water freezes at the 0℃: the usual kind of antifreeze will not freeze until the temperature is 40℃ below zero. A mixture of 5 parts of water and 4 parts of antifreeze will prevent freezing at 18℃ below zero; 4 parts of water and 5 parts of antifreeze reduce this to 22℃ below zero.
Alcohol（酒精）is a good antifreeze, but when the car is running it becomes hot and the alcohol boils away, so it must be replaced very often. Most people use antifreezes that do not boil away when the engine is running. There are several chemicals that do this. One of the most popular is called ethylene glycol（乙二醇）, which is sold under various trade names such as Preston and Zerex.
51. Antifreezes are useful in that they _____.
A. keep the alcohol from boiling away B. can prevent ice from melting
C. keep water liquid in cold weather D. can raise the freezing point of water
52. The text is written _____.
A. to help to sell antifreezes B. to explain what antifreezes are
C. to compare ethylene glycol with alcohol D. to tell how to choose the best antifreeze
53. Preston and Zerex are _____.
A. trade names of two kinds of alcohol B. popular brands（商标）of car engines
C. inventors of ethylene glycol D. liquids used for car engines
The Swedish Academy in Stockholm on Thursday named Mo Yan winner of the 2012 Nobel Prize in Literature.
The academy praised the Chinese writer for what it called his “hallucinatory realism.” It noted his ability to combine folk stories, history and modern events in his works.
An academy official said Mr. Mo said he was “overjoyed and scared” when he learned he had won the award. He will receive his Nobel diploma, a medal and more than one million dollars at a ceremony in Stockholm in December.
Mo Yan is a leading author of modern Chinese novels. He often writes from memories of his youth. He also sets many of his stories in the area where he was born –---- Shandong Province in northeastern China.
Mr. Mo’s 1987 book “Red Sorghum,” is an example. It is about the extreme violence in rural eastern China during the Communist Revolution in the 1920s and 1930s. The story describes the criminal culture of the time, Japan’s occupation and the terrible conditions faced by farm workers. “Red Sorghum” was later made into a movie.
Mo Yan’s other major works include, “Big Breasts and Wide Hips, “Republic of Wine” and “Life and Death Are Wearing Me Out.”
The Royal Swedish Academy compared him to two twentieth century writers: American William Faulkner and Colombia’s Gabriel Garcia Marquez.
Mo Yan is fifty-seven. His real name is Guan Moye. Mo Yan means “Don’t Speak.” The writer said he chose the name to remember to stop his tongue from getting him in trouble.
Only one other Chinese-language writer has won the Nobel Prize for Literature. Gao Xingjian was honored in 2000. However, he had been living in France for some time. And China banned his books because they were critical of the Chinese government.
But China is celebrating the victory of this native son. Minutes after the award was announced, millions of Chinese expressed pleasure and pride for Mo Yan on social media websites.
54. According to the passage, Mo Yan received 2012 Nobel Prize for Literature mainly because _____.
A. He is the leading author of modern Chinese novels.
B. He gains a lot of support from millions of Chinese fans.
C. He sets many of his stories in his birthplace-Shandong Province in northeastern China.
D. He develops his unique writing style of combining folk stories, history and modern events.
55. Of his major great works, which is so influential to his readers that we can enjoy it in the cinema?
A. Red Sorghum B. Big Breasts and Wide Hips
C. Republic of Wine D. Life and Death Are Wearing Me out
56. As we can infer from the passage, most of Chinese people hold _____ attitude towards the
vent that Mo Yan won the Nobel Prize for literature.
A. scared B. proud C. frustrated D. amazed
57. Which section do you think the passage can be listed in a magazine?
A. Our world B. Current affairs C. Culture and leisure D. Amusement world
Why do parents have such a difficult time to communicate openly and honestly with their teens? For this, there are many reasons but most of them stem from not being able to properly understand their teens. It is a dangerous gap because parents will have to communicate with their teens about a wide variety of issues during the most important years of their lives. Thus, parents must know how to communicate openly and honestly with their teens.
Here are a few tips to make communication easier between parents and teenagers.
1. Try not to talk down to your teens. Make them feel as if their views really matter, which not only helps your discussions with your teen but bring you closer to him.
2. Imagine what it would be like to be a teen. Try to remember some of the negative feelings you experienced as a teenager and apply it to your teens situation.
3. Never make negative remarks to your teen about what she has said or done.
4. Remember how much courage it would have taken for your teen to come and talk to you about his personal issues. So listen respectfully.
5. Dont ignore your teens feelings because it is usually a cry for help. For instance, if your teen is unusually angry, it may be time to spend a bit of quality time with your teen to determine what is wrong and where he is coming from.
It is, therefore, necessary for parents to strive to keep lines of communication open at all times with their teens. Try to remember what it was like to be a teenager and how vulnerable（脆弱的）you felt. Then you will be well on your way to help your teen communicate more openly and honestly.
58. Why dont teens want to talk about their personal issues with their parents?
A. Because they cant respect their parents.
B. Because they cant understand their parents.
C. Because their parents wont understand them well.
D. Because their parents are not honest.
59. When your son comes to you for help, you should NOT _____.
A. listen respectively B. treat him seriously
C. care about his feeling D. make negative remarks
60. Which of the following has the similar meaning to the underlined phrase “talk down to”?
A. put down B. look down upon C. chat with D. quarrel with
61. The best title for this passage is _____.
A. Causes of generation gap
B. Relations between teens and parents
C. Suggestions for parents-children effective communication
D. Problems with communication between teens and parents
Going to school means learning new skills and facts in different subjects. Teachers teach and students learn, and many scientists are interested in finding ways to improve both teaching and learning processes.
Sian Beilock and Susan Leving, two psychologists at the University of Chicago, are trying to learn about learning. In a new study about the way kids learn math in primary school, Beilock and Levine found a surprising relationship between what female teachers think and what female students learn: If a female teacher is uncomfortable with her own math skills, then her female students are more likely to believe that boys are better than girls at math. “If these girls keep getting math-anxious female teachers in later grades, it may create a snowball effect on their math achievement,” Levine told Science News. The study suggests that if these girls grow up believing that boys are better at math than girls are, then these girls may not do as well as they would have if they were more confident.
Just as students find certain subjects to be difficult, teachers can find certain subjects to be difficult to learn—and teach. The subject of math can be particularly difficult for everyone.
The new study involved 65 girls, 52 boys and 17 first-and second-grade teachers in primary schools in the Midwest. The students took math achievement tests at the beginning and end of the school year, and the researchers compared the scores.
The researchers also gave the students tests to tell whether the students believed a math superstar had to be a boy. Then the researchers turned to the teachers: To find out which teachers were anxious about math, the researchers asked the teachers how they felt at times when they came across math, such as when reading a sales receipt（收据）. A teacher who got nervous looking at the numbers on a sales receipt, for example, was probably anxious about math.
Boys, on average, were unaffected by a teacher’s anxiety. On average, girls with math-anxious teachers scored lower on the end-of-the-year math tests than other girls in the study did. Plus, on the test showing whether someone thought a math superstar had to be a boy, 20 girls showed feeling that boys would be better at math—and all of these girls had been taught by female teachers with math anxiety.
According to surveys done before this one, college students who want to become primary school teachers have the highest levels of anxiety about math. Plus, nine of every 10 primary teachers are women, Levine said.
62. Sian Beilock and Susan Levine carried out the new study in order to _____.
A. know the effects of teaching on learning
B. study students’ ways of learning math
C. prove women teachers were unfit to teach math
D. find better teaching methods for teachers
63. The underlined part in paragraph 2 most probably means that girls may _____.
A. end up math learning anxiety from their teachers
B. study the ways their female teachers behave
C. have an influence on their math-anxious female teachers
D. gain unexpected achievements in such subjects as math
64. What is the finding of the new study?
A. No male students were affected by their teachers’ anxiety.
B. Almost all the girls got lower scores in the tests than the boys.
C. About 30% of the girls thought boys were better at math than girls
D. Girls with math-anxious teachers all failed in the math tests.
65. Which of the following is TRUE according to the text?
A. 117 students and teachers took part in the new study.
B. The researchers felt surprised at the findings of their study.
C. Beilock and Levine were interested in teaching math.
D. Male teachers were better at teaching math than women teachers.
Day after day you are glued to your computer screen. You cannot get enough of online games, net shopping or cyber surfing. Your social life gets worse, and so does your health. Chances are that you are addicted to the Internet and you need counseling.
On November 8, an Internet Addiction Disorder (IAD) diagnostic manual（诊断手册）was approved by a group of psychologists in China, who agreed that Internet addiction is a mental disease. According to a report on Xinhuanet.com, the manual for the first time gives a clear time standard for diagnosing IAD, saying that surfing the Internet for more than six hours a day, not for the purpose of studying or working, and having done so for less than three months, might be a symptom of IAD.
Addiction symptoms vary
Besides the long online time, some other symptoms would also help doctors diagnose IAD patients, such as having a strong desire for the Internet and feeling physical discomfort, becoming easily angry, being unable to concentrate on things or finding it difficult to sleep if unable to get online.
Apart from these conditions, other symptoms are also listed in the manual. If a net surfer cannot get out of the virtual world of Web games, which has already affected his/her capability to study or work, or he/she feels little interest in doing anything but jumping online or is afraid to communicate with others, he/she is also considered to be an IAD sufferer.
According to the World Health Organization, mental disease sufferers have two major characteristics: they bring suffering to both themselves and their families, and their abilities to be involved in social activities are affected.
Mental illness stigma（污名）
However, it has resulted in a backlash（反对）from the public, due to the fact that mental disease is a very sensitive term to Chinese.
Many netizens dropped comments expressing their doubts about the manual, saying that they could not accept they might be suffering from mental illness just because they spent too much time on the Internet.
Experts said there is a misunderstanding of the manual. Explaining that IAD sufferers are not “crazy people”, they call on society at large to change their understanding of mental disease. Mental disease covers a wide range of psychological or behavioral problems, such as depression.
New Solutions to Internet Addiction
Information about IAD ▲Problem:
Internet addiction makes your social life and (66) _____ get worse.
▲Standard for diagnosing IAD:
Internet addiction is a (67) _____ disease when you surf the Internet more than six hours a day for less than three months not to (68) _____ or work.
(69) _____ addiction symptoms They are
▲eager to surf the Internet, physically uncomfortable, easy to be angry, unable to concentrate or (70) _____ to sleep.
▲unable to get out of the (71) _____ world of Web games, not (72) _____ in doing anything else or afraid to communicate with others.
(73) _____on mental illness ▲Many netizens regard mental disease as a very (74) _____ term.
▲Experts think it necessary to (75) _____ mental disease because it covers a wide range.
76. If you do not wish to be __________（打扰）, please tell me.
77. The plane crashed. No __________（幸存者）could be found.
78. She __________（自告奋勇）as a nurse in a soldiers’ rest room when she was in her twenties
79. More mice will be used in __________（科学的）experiments in that lab.
80. If __________（呼吸）in, these viruses can result in illness or even death.
81. As you can see, my s__________ for June is full and I cannot manage a trip to London.
82. My teacher always creates an a__________ which makes his students communicate with each other freely.
83. The weather was bad and the food terrible. A__________, the holiday was very disappointing.
84. The teacher gave a clear e__________ on the use of the word.
85. Police haven’t ruled out the p_________ that Justin was taken away by aliens.
____________ ___________ ____________ the ground, our city looks more beautiful.
After he heard of his strange death, George Gould, a friend of Carnarvon’s, visited the tomb, too, _____________ ___________ _____________ a high fever the next day.
____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ that I had left my bag at home.
推荐理由： 1. 价格便宜，适合学生
字 数： 150词左右。
Dear Xiao Min,
How are you? I know you are thinking of joining a gym.___________________________
1-5 ACBAC 6-10 BACBC 11-15 CBACB
16-20 BCACD 21-25 ABCAB 26-30 ADBCB
31-35 DACDC 36-40 DADBD 41-45 ACDBB 46-50 CDACB
51-53 CBD 54-57 DABC 58-61CDBC 62-65 BACB
66. health 67. mental 68.study 69. Various 70. difficult/ hard
71. virtual 72. interested 73. Opinions 74. sensitive 75. understand
76. disturbed 77.survivor(s) 78. volunteered 79. scientific 80. breathed
81. schedule 82. atmosphere 83. Altogether 84. explanation 85. possibility
86.only to catch 87.With snow covering 88.It occurred to me
Dear Xiao Min,
How are you? I know you are thinking of joining a gym. But you don’t know which one to choose and here is my advice.
From my point of view, Will’s Gym is a very good choice. As the price in this gym is quite reasonable, you needn’t spend too much money if you work out there. Also, the gym has just bought some of the best equipment in the world and it provides the most wonderful environment for exercising. Moreover, it is quite fit for us students and it offers 28 classes a week. You can have a variety of choices. Most importantly, Will’s Gym has a lot of branches, one of which is just beside your house. So it is quite convenient for you to get there.
If you want to know more about this gym, you may call 5554567 for further information.
W: Are you interested in math?
M: Yes, but I find it difficult.
M: I’m expecting to go abroad shortly. So I am very anxious to learn enough English to get along by myself.
W: It’s awful to visit a foreign country without being able to use the language.
W: Mr. Wang’s briefing seemed to go on forever. I was hardly able to stay awake.
M: How could you sleep through that? It is very important for the work we are going to carry out.
M: Do you know the way to the Smith’s?
W: Yes, come with me and I will show you.
W: If only I hadn’t been so rude, I probably would have been invited to the professor’s house.
M: How were you so rude to her?
W: Well, I asked her too many personal questions when I first met her.
M: Well, nobody likes a busybody.
M: Hey, so how did you and David meet?
W: Oh, we’ve been friends since school. You?
M: Since university. We were roommates.
W: So, what do you do now? I mean, do you work, or study?
M: I’m thinking of becoming a chef.
W: Well dinner tonight was amazing. You’re a really good cook.
M: Thank you. I appreciate good food. What do you do?
W: I will graduate in June. I’m thinking of opening a clothing shop of my own. I’m interested in fashion.
M: That’s a great idea. You can enjoy yourself in your work. Wish you success.
W: Thank you. You, too.
M: Before making out a plan for sightseeing trips for you, I’ll be glad to know if you have anything special in mind that you would like to see.
W: Well, as a matter of fact, we were discussing this question last night. We all spoke of the Great Wall. We wouldn’t leave China without seeing that if it was possible. How far is it from here?
M: Only about 80 kilometers. Just an hour and a half’s trip by car. We’ll put down the Great Wall then.
W: Good. And we talked a lot about the Summer Palace. We would like to see that, too.
M: All right, the Summer Palace. Well, and there are a number of places that I think you will find interesting, the Temple of Heaven, the Palace Museum and Ming Tombs.
W: Hi, George, what have you been doing lately? I haven’t seen you around much. Where have you been?
M: Oh, I was playing the piano for a group of Germany. I just got back.
W: It must be exciting playing the piano and traveling all the time.
M: Well, playing the piano was great, but the traveling was no fun. I have just been to my manager and he has offered me a job, playing on the coast for the summer.
W: At a seaside town?
M: Yes, but I don’t think I am going to take it.
W: Why not? Low payment?
M: No, it’s not bad. The money is good, about two hundred dollars a week. It’s just that we will work in the hotel playing for the tourists. And they will just want a same old music over and over to dance to. I will get so bored. It’s not like playing the music. It’s like being a machine.
W: I wouldn’t mind being a machine for that money.
W: Did you see the late night film on television yesterday?
M: The one on Channel 8?
W: No, on Channel 5. It was about a couple who hitchhiked across the Sahara desert.
M: No, I didn’t. Was it good?
W: Well, it was quite good, I suppose, but all those miles of sand did get a bit boring after a while. I think I prefer horror films to travel stories or love stories.
M: I went out for a meal with my friends, and they took me to a Greek res¬taurant.
W: Sounds unusual! What was the food like?
M: Actually, I quite liked it.
W: I’m not keen on foreign food myself. I’d rather stick to roast beef or just fish and chips.
M: Yes. I notice you always eat chips! Don’t you ever get sick of chips?
W: No, never. In fact, I’d rather eat chips than bread.
M: Well, I prefer trying new food to eating the same old things day after day.
W: I see, so you won’t be coming to the cafe at lunch time with me, then. You’d rather eat on your own, right?