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2012年10月高一英语必修一复习测试题

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第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节.单项填空,从A,B,C,D四个选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。(共计15小题,每小题1分 ,满分15分)
21.---Would you mind if I turned on the TV and watched CCTV news?
    ---___________. As a m atter of fact, I also like watching CCTV news.
A. No, you can’t        B. Yes, I do              C. No, go ahead           D. OK, no problem
22.She talked ______ she saw the accident. But in fact she only heard of it from others.
A. so that              B. as though             C. even though            D. once
23.The traffic in our county is very busy, for some main streets _______.
   A.have been rebuilt     B.rebuilt                C.are being rebuilt         D.are rebuilding
24.Nobody knows what happened _____ her _____ the morning of May 1.
   A. for; in            B . with; on              C. to; on                 D. to; in
25.---I missed the first part of the film.It was really a pity.
   ---You ______home half an hour earlier.
  A.should go         B.must have gone          C.should leave            D.should have left
26. The (H1N1) flu ________quickly in Lixin last month.
A. spread             B. spreads                C. traveled               D. travels
27. With so much homework _____,  Tom   has to stay at home.
  A. to do            B. to be done              C. done                  D. doing
28.---- Your daughter looks shy.
   ----After all, it is the first time that she ____ a speech to the public.
  A.had made         B. has made               C. is making              D. makes
29.---- I hear Jane has gone to the Holy Island for her holiday.
   ---- Oh, how nice! Do you know when she ____?
A. was leaving         B. had left                C. has left                D. left
30. She was ecucated at Peking University, _______she went on to have her advanced study abroad.
A. after that            B. from which            C. from that               D. afer which
31. Some people like dogs______ others like cats.
  A. while              B. besides                C. and so                D. when
32. We haven’t got enough books for everyone to have one; some of you will have to ______.
   A. spare            B. save                   C. share                 D. enjoy
33. At the meeting, Professor Lin ______ some good advice and all the people present agreed with him.
   A. came along       B. came about             C. came up with           D. came out
34.The number of people who ______cars in China _______increasing fast.
   A.own;is           B.owns;are                C.own; are               D.owns; is
35.Where was it ______ you bought such beautiful clothes?
   A.what            B.that                     C.when                  D.how
第二节:完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从36~55各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。
Mr. Robinson had to travel somewhere on business, and as he was in a hurry, he decided to go  36  .He liked sitting _37  a window when he was flying, so when he got onto the plane, he looked for a window seat. He  38  all of them taken but one. There was a young man  39   beside it, and  Robinson was surprised that he had not taken the one  40   the window. Anyhow, he went towards it.
When he   41   it, however, he saw that there was a notice on it, written  42  large letters, 43  “This seat is kept for proper balance(平衡). Thank you.” Mr. Robinson had never seen such a notice before, but he thought the plane  44  something particularly(特别地)heavy in its room,   45   made it necessary to have the passengers properly  46  . So he walked on and found  47  empty seat , not beside the window  48  .
Two or three other people  49  to sit in the window seat  50  the young man, but they also read the notice and went on. Then when the plane was nearly  51  a very beautiful girl   52  into the plane. The young man, who was watching the passengers coming in,  53  took the notice  54  the seat beside him, and  55  succeeded in having a pretty companion(同伴) during the whole trip.
36. A. by air                B. by water              C. by train                D. by bus 
37. A. on                   B. nearly                C. beside                 D. far from  
38. A. wanted               B. found                 C. thought                D. hoped 
39. A. sit                   B. sitting               C. was seated              D. sat 
40. A. with                 B. had                   C. by                    D. in 
41. A. arrived               B. sat on                 C. reached               D. left 
42. A. through               B. by                   C. with                  D. in 
43. A. said                  B. saying                C. spoken                D. speaking
44.A.must be carrying         B.must carry             C. must have carried       D. must be
45. A. and                  B. which                 C. who                  D.this
46. A. terrified (害怕)         B. interested              C. pleased               D. balance 
47. A. another               B. other                  C. the other              D. the only 
48. A. to sit                 B. to be sat                C. to sit on              D. to be sat in
49. A. stuck                 B. tried                   C. managed             D. refused
50. A. before                B. after                   C. above               D. next to
51. A. empty                B. full                    C. up                  D. down
52. A. reached               B. walked                 C. entered              D. left
53. A. quickly               B. fast                    C. slowly               D. soon
54. A. onto                  B. in                     C. off                  D. up
55. A. in this way             B. in a way                C. by the way          D. on the way
第三部分:阅读理解(共20小题;每小题2分,满分40分)
阅读下列短文, 从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。
A
Light travels at a speed which is about a million times faster than the speed of sound. In one second, light travels about 300,000 km, but sound travels only 0.334 km. You can get some idea of this difference by watching the start of a race. If you stand some distance away from the starter, you can see smoke come from his gun before the sound reaches your ears. 
This great speed of light produces some strange facts. Sunlight takes about 8 minutes to reach us. If you look at the light of the moon tonight, remember that the light rays left the moon 1.3 seconds before they reached you. The nearest star is so far away that the light which you can see from it tonight started to travel towards you four years ago at a speed of nearly 2 million km per minute. In some cases, the light from one of tonight’s stars started on its journey to you before you were born.
Thus, if we want to be honest, we cannot say, “The stars are shining tonight.” We have to say, “The stars look pretty. T hey were shining four years ago but their light has only just reached Earth.”
56. Light speed is _____ than sound speed.
 A. millions times faster                         B. a million times slower
 C. about millions of times faster                  D. about a million times faster
57. If you stand 200 meters away from a man who is firing a gun to start a race, you will find out that ___
 A. you can hear the gun before you see the s moke
 B. sound does not travel as fast as ligh t
 C. the sound of the gun will reach you before the man fires his gun
 D. sound travels about a million times faster than light
58. The light of the nearest star you see tonight has been ____ for years.
 A. on the earth                                B. on the moon
C. away from the sun                           D. away from the star
B
 However, the number of people who learn English as a foreign language is more than 750 million. Everywhere in the world children go to school to learn English. Most people learn English for five or six years at high school. In China students learn English at school as a foreign language, except for those in Hong Kong, where many people speak English at school as a first or a second language.
In only fifty years, English has developed into the language most widely spoken and used in the world. English i s the working language of most international organizations, international trade and tourism. Businessmen and tourists often come to China without being able to speak Chinese. Chinese businessmen, taxi drivers and students talk  with them using English. English is also the language of global culture, such as popular music and the Internet. You can listen to English songs on the radio or use English to communicate with people around the world through the Internet. With so many people communicating in English every day, it will become more and more important to have a good knowledge of English.
59. How many people learn English as a second language?
A. 37,500,000         B. 375,000,000           C. 750,000,000           D.75, 000,000
60. In China we are learning English as a ______.
A. first language       B. second language        C. foreign language       D. mother tongue
61. Most international organizations use ______ as their working language.
 A. English          B. French                C. Chinese              D. Japanese
62. Which of the following best expresses the main idea of the passage?
A. There are more than 42 countries where the majority of the people speak English.
B. The number of people who learn English as a foreign language is more than 750 million.
C. English is the language of global such as popular music and the Internet.
D. English is the most important and widely used language in the world.
63. From the passage we can infer that ______.
A. English will be the only language to be used in the world
B. Native speakers of English might find it unnecessary for them to learn a foreign language
C. The number of learners of English will become smaller in the future
D. With the development of China’s economy, Chinese will become more important than English
C
Throughout history, people have been interested in knowing how language first began, but no one knows exactly where or how this happened. However, we do know a lot about languages, the languages of today and also the languages of earlier times. There are probably about three thousand languages in the world today. Chinese is the language with the most speakers. English, Russian and Spanish are also spoken by many millions of people. On the other hand, some languages in the world have less than one hundred speakers.
    There are several important families of languages in the world. For example, most of the languages of Europe are in one large family called Indo-European. The original( 最初的 ) language of this family was spoken about 4,500 years ago. Many of the present day languages of Europe and India are modern forms of the language of 4,500 years ago.
    Languages are always changing. The English of today is very different from the English of 500 years ago. In time some even die out completely. About 1,000 years ago English was a little –known relative of German spoken on one of the borders (边界)of Europe.
    If a language has a lot of speakers or if it is very old, there may be differences in the way it is spoken in different areas. That is, the language may have several dialects. Chinese is a good example of dialect differences. Chinese has been spoken for thousands of years by many millions of speakers. The differences between the dialects of Chinese are so great that speakers of Chinese from some parts of China cannot understand speakers from other parts.
64. The first paragraph mainly tells us that_______.
 A. most people in the world speak Chinese
 B. there are thousands of languages in the world today
 C. man has much knowledge about languages
 D. some people know sever al languages
65. Many European and Indian languages ______.
 A. will soon die out completely                  B. were once a relative of English
 C. are the same as before                       D. come from the same family
66. _____ seems to have changed a lot
 A. Chinese           B. English          C. Spanish             D.  German
67. The word dialect in the last paragraph means ____.
 A. a special language spoken by Chinese
 B. the sign used by the Chinese people in a special area
 C. the difference between the old and today’s Chinese
 D. the form of a language used in one part of the country
D
When I was 16 years old, I made my first visit to the United States. It wasn’t the first time I had been abroad. Like most of English children I learned French at school. And I had often been to France, so I was used to speaking a foreign language to people who didn’t understand French. But when I went to America I was really looking forward to having a nice easy holiday without any language problems.
How wrong I was. The misunderstanding began at the airport. I was looking for a public telephone to give my friend Danny a call and tell her that I had arrived. A friendly old man saw me looking lost and asked if he could help me.
“Yes”, I said. “I want to give my friend a ring.”
“Well, that’s nice,” he said. “Are you getting married? But aren’t you a bit young?”
“Who is talking about marriage?” I replied. “I only want to give my friend a ring to tell her I’ve arrived. Can you tell me where there’s a phone box?”
“Oh!” he said, “there’s a phone downstairs.”
When at last we met, Danny explained the misunderstandings to me.
“Don’t worry,” she said to me, “I had so many difficulties at first. There are lots of words which the Americans use differently in meaning from British. You will soon get used to all the funny things they say. Most of the time British and American people understand each other!”
68. Where was the writer from?
A. America.             B. France.               C. England.               D. China
69. The writer wanted ______.
A. to buy a ring for his friend                      B. to make a call to his friend
C. to go to the telephone company                  D. his friend to see him off
70. From the passage we can see that “give somebody a ring” ______.
A. has the same meaning in America as in England
B. means “call somebody” for the old man
C. has two different meanings
D. means “be going to get married” in England
71. In the last paragraph, the underlined word “they” refers to ______.
A. the old man and the boy                                      B. the Americans
C. the British                                                 D. the French
E
During the 20th century there has been a great change in the lives of women. A woman marrying at the end of the 19th century probably has been in her middle 20’s and would be likely to have seven or eight children. By the time the youngest was 15, the mother would have been in her early 50’s and would expect to live a further 20 years, during which chance and health made it hard for her to get paid work. Today women ma rry younger and have fewer children.
Usually a woman’s youngest child will be 15 when she is 45 and she can be expected to live another 35years and is likely to get paid work until 60. 
This important change in women’s life has only recently begun to have its full effect on women’s economic position. Even a few years ago most girls left school and took a fulltime job. However, when they married they usually left work at once and never returned to it. Today the school-leaving age is 16, many girls stay at school after that age, and though women marry younger, more married women stay at work at least until shortly before their first child is born. Very many more return to work later. Such changes have led to a new relationship in marriage, with the husband accepting a greater share of the duties of family life.
72. We learn from this passage that in the 19th century_____ .
 A. there were more children in the world than there are today
 B. women spent a greater part of their lives raising children than they do today
 C. there were more women in poor health than there are today
 D. women married younger than they do today
73. One reason why a married woman of today may take a job is that ____.
 A. she is usually younger when her children are old enough to look after themselves
 B. she is obliged to help her husband support the family
 C. she feels lonely at home when her children grow up
 D. she hopes to change the world a bit by doing so
74. Many girls are now likely to ____.
 A. give up their jobs after they get married
 B. leave school as soon as they can
 C. marry early so that they can get better jobs
 D. continue working until they are going to have a baby
75. Now a husband probably ____ .
 A. plays a greater part in looking after the children
 B. does almost all of the housework
 C. feels unhappy about his wife’s going out to work
 D. takes a part-time job so as to help at home
第二节(共5小题,每小题2分,满分10分)
My mother is a diligent and kind woman. She is very busy from morning till night. As a teacher, she works hard.   1    Both my brother and I love her dearly as she loves us.
My mother has been teaching math at a middle school in my hometown. She goes to work early in the morning and does not return home until late in the afternoon.    2    She treats them with patience and teaches them well. For her excellent quality and very good teaching results, she has been elected as a model teacher several times.
  3    Every day, when she comes back home from work, she sets about doing housework, sweeping the living room and bedrooms or cleaning the furniture, and putting everything in good order. She seems to be busy all the time. As she has been very busy working every day, she looks older than her age. But she looks as cheerful and happy as ever. Mother never buys expensive dresses for herself, but she often buys some inexpensive but high quality clothes for us.   4    She just eats a plain meal outside when she is too busy to cook herself. She lives a busy yet simple life, without any complaints.
Often she says to us, “work while you work, and play while you play. That is the way to be happy and gay. If you do not work, you will become lazy and be of no use to society”. What a piece of good advice this is!    5    This advice of hers will always serve as a guide to my behavior. My mother is great indeed, and I always feel proud of her.
A. She enjoys listening to classic music.
B. As a mother, she takes good care of us and gives us every comfort.
C. She loves her students and cares for them.
D. She never goes to expensive restaurants to enjoy meals.
E. M y mother is hard-working and never wastes money.
F. I never forget it and always bear it in my mind. 
G. Can you tell us something about your mother?
第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节:短文改错(满分10分)
Dear Wang Hai,
  I’m very glad to have received a letter you sent me two weeks ago. I had been thinking about the question you asked me. On my opinion, you should come back here after you finish your studies abroad.

For one thing, that you are studying is badly needed nowadays in China. It will be quite easy for me to

find a good job. As a matter of fact, I know a little big companies in our city hopes to hire people like

you. For another, I think it will be much more conveniently for you to look your parents as they are getting

old. Therefore, I think it’s a good idea for you to return back.

                                                 Yours,
                                                  Li Hua
第二节:书面表达(满分25分)
假如你是21st Century 报社的编辑, 你收到一封来自于名叫Lori的来信。她向你询问如何交友。请给她写一封信,并提出建议。要点提示:1. 每个人都需要朋友,如何交友极为重要。 2. 要交朋友,首先对别人要友好。微笑是吸引别人的吸铁石(magnet)。 3. 要使陌生人不管在何处,都能感到你的亲切。要关心别人胜过关心自己。4. 设法记住别人的名字。 5. 与别人有分歧时,不要争吵,要商讨。 6. 不要相信那些在危机时刻背离朋友的人,因为“患难的朋友才是真正的朋友”。 要求:词数100词左右。 ______________________

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