【www.5ykj.com - 莲山课件】
1）three signs that indicate a person is suffering from a panic attack rather than a heart attack
that indicate a person is suffering from a panic attack rather than a heart attack是定语从句
2）those who drink a lot 那些大量饮酒的人在这个带有定语从句的代词短语中：
who drink a lot是：定语从句通过上面的演示,我们可以归纳出定语从句在句子中的位置、结构如下：
被修饰的名词 / 代词 + 关系词 + 句子 (其中，"被修饰的名词/代词"在语法叫作"先行词".)
They often become easily frightened or feel uneasy in situations （先行词）where (关系词)people normally would not be afraid .
（本句中的关系词where = 先行词（in）situations 。如果把这个复合句拆成两个分句，那就是：
They often become easily frightened or feel uneasy in situations
people normally would not be afraid in situations 由此可以看出，"先行词"与"关系词"之间实质上是互等、互换的关系）。 又例如：
Rude people are those （先行词） whose (关系词)behavior shows little respect
for the rules（先行词） that(关系词) the majority follows .
Some people who are successful language learners often fail in other fields .
In our class , we have some students whose families are not in Wuhan.
There are many sounds which have a meaning and yet are not words .
Tell him to go to the classroom where we often have our English class .
tell him to go to the classroom .We often have our English class in the classroom )
1）关系代词：who , whom , whose , which , that 等。
I have no idea about the man who wrote the article .
The little boy who is singing there can recite quiet a number of Chinese poems .
Who is the girl whom ( who ) you talked to just now ?
Yesterday, I happened to meet , in the shopping center , the professor who ( whom ) I got to know at a party .
They are looking for the patient on whom doctors just performed an operation . 他们正在寻找那位医生刚刚给他做过手术的病人。
(句中的关系代词whom代替the patient ，在从句中作介词on的宾语，而且介词on提到关系代词的前面，所以who 和whom就绝不可以通用了，此处只能用whom 。)
Who is the girl to who (whom) you talked just now ? （错误）
(句中的关系代词whom(who)代替the girl ，在从句中作介词to的宾语，但是由于介词to已提到了关系代词的前面,who 和whom就绝不可以通用了,所以如果还继续使用who句子就错了。此处只能用whom 。)
Do you know the name of that girl whose brother is your roommate ?
Water whose boiling point is at 100 degree Centigrade has no color, no flavor.
Views which are entirely new or foreign may also be hard to accept .
Ive got a novel which you may like to read .
That was a fault which could not be forgiven . 那是不能饶恕的错误。
that 既用于代替"表示人的意义"的先行词，也用于代替"表示事物意义"的先行词；在从句中既可以作主语，也可以作谓语动词的宾语，但是不能作介词的宾语。在一定范围内，that = who / whom / which 。例如：
Views that (which ) are entirely new or foreign may also be hard to accept .
Salaried people that ( who) earn more than a few thousand dollars must pay a certain percentage of their salaries to the federal government .工薪在几千美元以上的人必须将工资中的一定百分比交付给联邦政府。
Who is the girl to that you talked just now ? （错误）
This is the book ( which ) you were looking for yesterday .
I dont like the novel ( that ) you are reading .
Who is the man ( whom ) youre talking about ?
Those who are in their forties are required to have a physical examination this afternoon .
This is the magazine which was sent to me by post .
（先行词the magazine是单数，关系代词which也就看作是单数，所以从句的谓语动词就用了单数形式was sent） 这是通过邮局寄给我的杂志。
that 和which在一般情况都可以用于代替"表示事物意义"的先行词，在从句中作主语、宾语。但在下列情况下一般只用that而不用which ：
-- 先行词本身是all , everything , something , nothing , anything等不定代词时，例如：
Anything that can burn is a source of heat energy .
There must be something that happened to you .你一定出了什么事。
They had nothing that could cure of his disease .他们没有一点能治愈他疾病的东西了。
-- 先行词已有序数词或形容词的最高级或the last, the only等作定语时，例如：
This is the most impressive TV theater that has never been put on show before . 这是以前从未上演过的最有感染力的电视剧。
That is the only way that leads to your success .那是通向你成功的唯一之路。
We have to consider the first thing that starts our work .
-- 当先行词表示事物意义，并且在从句中作介词的宾语，那么就只能用which 。当然，如果在口语或非正式文体中，介词没有提前，也就没有这点要求了。例如：
The world in which we live is made of matter .
Ocean currents affect the climates of the lands near which they flow .
The world that we live in is made of matter.
The world in that we live is made of matter.
-- 在非限定性定语从句（关于这一点随后就要讲解）中，当关系词表示事物意义时, 只能用which 。这是语法所规定的，没有任何解释。例如：
The sun heats the earth , which makes it possible for plants to grow .
The most important form of energy is electrical energy , which is widely used in our daily life .最重要的能源形式是电能，它广泛地运用于我们的日常生活之中。
-- as可以作为关系代词引导限定性定语从句、非限定性定语从句。例如：限定性定语从句 （常用于such … as和the same … as 等句式中）
Such points as youve mentioned are really important in solving the problem .
People such as you describe are rarely seen nowadays .
This computer has the same functions as that one has .
As I know , she hasnt got married . 如我所知，她还未结婚。
They won the first place in the game, as could be expected.
Professor Li is extremely popular among students , as is known to all of us . 如我们大家所知，李教授极受学生们的欢迎。
2)关系副词：when , where , why 等。在定语从句，关系副词 = 介词 + which 。也就是说，每个关系副词里本身就已经含有了一个介词：when = 在什么时候，where = 在什么地方，why = 为什么原因，等。至于在英文中用哪个具体的介词，就得依具体情况而定了。
People will always remember the time when Hong Kong and Macao returned to our motherland .
He came at a time when we needed help . 他在我们需要人帮忙的时候来了。
We dont know the exact time when the English Evening will be held . 我们不知道英语晚会举行的确切时间。
The place where were to have the Speech Contest has not been decided yet.我们举行演讲比赛的地点还未定下来。
He is living in a newly-built house where there used to be a pond . 他现在居住的新房是原先一个池塘的旧址。
That is a beautiful campus where I made a lot dreams .
He didnt tell her the reason why he was so happy .
The reason why she was late is not so acceptable .
They explained the reason to us why they had misunderstood us before .
在这种结构中，关系代词若是表示人的意义，就只能用whom ；关系代词若是表示事物的意义，就只能用which 。而这种结构中较难解决的问题是介词的选择问题，因为这个问题的解决取决于多种因素：
He has found a good job for which he is qualified .（ qualify + 名词+ for "使…具有…资格" ）他找到了一份他能胜任的工作。
The man to whom you talked just now will chair the meeting tomorrow . （ talk to + 名词 "与某人谈话" ） 你刚才与他谈话的那个人明天主持那个会议。
He is bargaining with the landlord over the monthly price at which the apartment rents .名词+ rent at + 表示价格的词 "某物以某价格出租" ）
They are still living in the little house in which theyve been lived for 15 years . （ in the house "在屋子里" ）
Weve worked out a method by which our production can be raised on a large scale.( by a method通过某种方法) 我们已研制出了一个能大规模提高生产的方法。
She didnt realize the extent to which she had been distracted .（ to extend "到某种程度" ） 她没有意识到她心烦意乱的程度。
The secretary with whom the boss is not happy will be fired for her inefficiency . (happy with "对…表示满意")
Ive found the job for which Ive been eager for a long time.（ eager for "渴望得到…" ） 我已找到了我渴望已久的那份工作。
He is a learned man with whom we are familiar .
(familiar with 熟悉…)他是一位我们熟悉的有学识的人。
Rainforests are being cleared for valuable timber and other resources to speed up the economic growth of the nationsin which they are located .
Ocean currents affect the climates of the lands near which they flow.
They explained the reason to us why they had hated us before.
例如：Earlier , the Babylonians had attempted to map the world , but they presented it in the form of a flattened disc rather than a sphere , which was the form adopted by Ptolemy .
The combination of satellites, which transmit information , computers , which store information , and television , which displays information , will change every home into an education and entertainment center .
The combination of satellites , computers and television will change every home into an education and entertainment center .）卫星能传输信息，计算机能储存信息，电视能显示信息，把这些手段结合起来可以使每个家庭都成为教育娱乐的中心。
The sun heats the earth , which makes it possible for plants to grow .（此句中，非限定性定语从句是对全句进行补充、说明,将全句表达的意思看成"一件事情）。太阳给予大地热，这就使植物的生长成为可能。
The old man has a son , who is in the army .（此句中，非限定性定语从句是对先行词son进行补充、说明。但本句所传达的信息是："这位老人只有一个儿子" 。如果将此句改写成限定性定语从句：
The old man has a son who is in the army . 那位老人有一个在部队工作的儿子。那么，限定性定语从句就要对先行词son进行限定、修饰。这样一来，句子所传达的信息就变成了："这位老人有一个儿子在部队工作，还有其他的儿子在干别的工作"。）那位老人有一个儿子，他在部队工作。
1 Do you still remember the day ___________ I first came to Beijing?
1）A. which B. that C. when D. where 2）A. where B. that C. which D. what
2 I’m going to visit the school _________ my mother taught physics ten years ago.
3 She was not the woman _________ she was before.
A. what B. that C. who D. as
4 In the dark street, there wasn’t a single person _________ they could turn for help.
A. whom B. who C. to whom D. from whom
5 A paper plant is __________ paper is made.
A. which B. where C. what D. in which
6 They stayed with me for three weeks, __________ they drank all the wine I had.
A. which B. which time C. during which time D. during which
7. ---- How do you like the cake? ---- It’s quite different from _________ I had last month.
A. that B. which C. the one D. the one what
8. The Nile, ___________electricity is produced, no longer destroys villages and crops.
A. which B. from which C. from it D. from that
9. In the 1950s, _________ blacks didn’t have equal rights, a lot of marches took place.
A. when B. that C. which D. from which
10. Bob’s father, ____________, spent four years in Egypt. A. that worked on the project
B. he worked on the project C. who worked on the project D. whom worked on the project
11. The retiring teacher made a speech _________ she thanked the class for the gift.
A. which B. of which C. in which D. that
12. He has to work on Sundays, __________ he does not like.
A. and which B. which C. and when D. when
13.Which of the two cows ______________you keep produces more milk?
A. that B. which C. whom D. when
14. He paid the boy US $10 for washing ten windows, most ___________ hadn’t been cleaned for at least year. A. these B. those C. that D. of which
15. The boys, ___________ could not reach the shelf, went to look for something to stand on.
A. the tall of whom B. the tallest of whom C. the tallest one D. the tallest of them
16. Rabbits make their homes in fields _________ hide their young under bushes or among tall grasses.
A. can where they B. where they can C. where can they D. where can
17. Is this the factory ______ color TV sets are produced? A. that B. which C. in which D. in that
18. Who is that comrade _______ was there? A. whom B. that C. which D. whose
19. This is Mr Smith, __________ I think has something interesting to tell you.
19）A. who B. whom C. which D. whose 20）A. what B. that C. who D. which
20. Mother bought me a dictionary on my birthday, ________made me very happy.
1 She wore a heavy fur coat in such a hot day, ___________ I found quite strange.
1）A. which B. that C. what D. when 2）A. in which B. at which C. of which D. from which
2 China has hundreds of islands,_____________ the largest is Taiwan.
3 We came to a place ____________ they had never paid a visit before.
3）A. to where B. to which C. that D. which 4）A. since B. which C. that D. when
4 It was twelve o’clock ______they finished the work. 5）A. whom B. whoC. when D. because
5 He often helps the students __________ he thinks are not quick at their studies.
6 Is there a restaurant around ____I have something to eat?A. that B. what C. which D. where
7 It was at the school _________ was named after a hero _____________ he spent his childhood.
A. which; that B. where; where C. that; where D. which; where
8 Look at the watch. Don’t you see it is _______ watch ________ Helen lost the other day?
A. as the same; as B. the same; as C. the same; which D. as the same ; that
9 There is a popular belief among parents ___________ schools don’t pay any attention to handwriting.
A. whose B. that C. which D. in which
10 ---- Was _______Bill, _____________ played football well, _________ helped the blind man cross the road? ---- Yes, you are right. He is always ready to help others.
A. it; that; who B. which; that; that C. it; who; that D. who; which; that
11 His sister has become a teacher, ___was what she wanted to be.A. whoB. whatC. thatD. which
12 In the open boat, the four men, _________ was a doctor, met with a storm on the sea.
A. one of which B. one of who C. one of whom D. one of them
13. His glasses, ________ he was like a blind man, fell to the ground and broke.
A. which B. from which C. with which D. without which
14. The look, the cover ________ is broken, is not mine. A. of it B. for C. whose D. of which
15 The great trouble he __________ show us how to run the machine _______ him completely tired.
A. what B. which C. that D. all that
16 (1995 上海) In the office I never seem to have time until 5:30 p.m.,__________ many people have gone home. A. whose time B. that C. on which D. by which time
17. Not only _________ the car he __________ been sold by his son for gambling debts, but also his new house. A. /; has B. has; had C. has; has D. was ; has
18. The theory he’s stuck ________ us that earthquakes can be forecast.
A, to prove to B. to proves to C. proves to D. which proved
19. The high building ______ is a big hotel.
A. we are looking at it B. we looking C. at that we are looking D. we are looking at
20. The baby _________is not hers. A. of that she is taking good care B. who she is taking good care
C. of who she is taking good care D. whom she is taking good care of
21 (2001) The film brought the hours back to me ______ I was taken good care of in that far-away village.
1）A. until B. that C. when D. where 2）A. It B. As C. That D. What
22 2001) ________ is known to everybody, the moon travels round the earth once every month.
23 (1994) The weather turned out to be very good, _____ was more than we could expect.
A. what B. which C. that D. it
24 (1996) After living in Paris for fifty years he returned to the small town, _______ he grew up as a child.
A. which B. where C. that D. when
25 (1998) He made another wonderful discovery, ________ of great importance to science.
A. which I think is B.which I think it is C. which I think it D. I think which is
26 (1999) --- I drove to Zhuhai for the air show last week.
--- Is that the reason_______ you had a few days off? A. whyB. whenC. whatD. where
27 (1992) In the dark street, there wasn’t a single person _______ she could turn for help.
A. that B. who C. from whom D. to whom
28 (1997上海) All of the flowers now raised here have developed from those ________ in the forest .
A. once they grew B. they grew once C. that once grew D. once grew
29. (1999) Carol said the work would be done by October, _____ personally I doubt very much. 30(1993上海)
I don’t like __________ you speak to her. 29）A. it B. that C. when D. which
A. the way B. the in that C. the way which D. the way of which
1．Football is a very interesting game , is played all over the world．
A．that B．which C．it D．who
2．Is there anything else you require?
A．which B．that C．who D．what
3．The last place we visited was the Great Wall．
A．which B．that C．where D．it
4．He talked happily about the men and books interested him greatly in the school．
A．which B．who C．it D．that
5．The railway tunnel, though the train goes, will be completed soon．
A．which B．that C．it D．whom
6．His uncle works in a factory bicycles are made．
A．that B．which C．where D．there
7．There is no dictionary you can find everything．
A．that B．which C．where D．in that
8．Next month, you’ll spend in your hometown is coming．
A．which B．that C．when D．where
9．Next month, you’ll be in your hometown is coming．
A．which B．that C．when D．where
10．I often thought of my childhood , I lived on a farm．
A．which B．where C．when D．who
11．He wanted to know the time he needed to know ．
A．that B．when C．where D．what
12．There isn’t so much noise in the country in big cities．
A．that B．which C．where D．as
13．They could only read such stories had been rewritten in simple English ．
A．that B．which C．as D．what
14．The stems of bamboo are hollow makes them very light．
A．which B．as C．that D．it
15．Crusoe’s dog became ill and died , made him very lonely ．
A．as B．which C．that D．this
16．They’ve invited me to their party , is kind of them．
A．as B．which C．That D．this
17． we know now ,bats come out only at night ．
A．As B．Which C ．That D．What
18．John got beaten in the game , had been expected ．
A．as B．that C．what D．who
19． has been said above ,grammar is a set of dead rules．
A．Which B．What C．That D．As
20．Do you know the reason he was late?
A．that B．which C．for what D．for which
21．He built a telescope he could study the skies．
A．in which B．with that C．through which D．by it
22．I have bought two ballpens , writes well ．
A．none of which B．neither of which C．none of them D．neither of them
23．There are two thousand students in our school , are girls ．
A．of whom two thirds B．two -thirds of them
C．two -third in them D．two -thirds in which
24．Do you know the man ?
A．whom I spoke B．to who I spoke C．I spoke to D．that I spoke
25．The factory we’ll visit next week isn’t far from here ．
A．where B．in which C．which D．to which
26．This is one of the best films this year．
A．have been shown B．that have shown C．that have been shown D．which has been shown
27．Can you lend me the book the other day ?
A．you talked about B．about that you talked C．that you talked D．which you talked
28．Is there any one in you class family is in the city ．
A．who B．who’s C．which D．whose
29．I’ll never forget the days we stayed together．
A．when B．in which C．which D．what
30．Is some German friends visited last week ?
A．this school B．this the school C．this school one D．this school where
31．I’ll tell you he told me last month ．
A．all which B．all what C．that all D．all
32．Do you know the reason she got so angry yesterday?
A．for why B．for that C．which D．why
33．I still remember the day she first wore that pink dress．
A．which B．in which…… C．on that D．on which
34．I’ll show you a store you may buy all you need ．
A．in which , / B．where , which C．which , that D．that , that
35．Winter is the time of year the days are short and nights are long．
A．where B．when C．that D．on which
36．The train she was travelling was late．
A．which B．on which C．for which D．on that
37．The second World War millions of people were killed ended in 1945．
A．during which B．in that C．where D．on which
38．Is oxygen the only gas helps fire burn ?
A．that B．/ C．which D．it
39．This is the best hotel in the city I know ．
A．which B．that C．where D．it
40．I’ve read all the books were borrowed from the library ．
A．that B．/ C．which D．they
41．The scientist and his achievements you told me about are admired by us all．
A．which B．who C．that D．whose
42．She hasn’t got enough money to buy the rings ．
A．which B．that C．with which D．for which
43．Finally came the day he bad to beging his study for the next term．
A．which B．since C．that D．till
44．We hope to get such a tool he is using ．
A．which B．as C．that D．where
45．Is there anything to you ．
A．that is belonged B．that belongs C．which belongs D．that belong
46．You can take any seat is free ．
A．which B．where C．that D．in which
47．The old woman has two sons ,one is a teacher．
A．of them B．of which C．of whom D．of who
48．My hometown is no longer the same it used to be ．
A．which B．as C．that D．like
49．You may take anything useful ．
A．you want B．what you want C．you want them D．which you want
50．He tore up my photo and upset me ．
A．that B．it C．which D．what
51．During the days , he worked as a servant at the Browns．
A．followed B．following C．to follow D．that followed
52．The beautiful dress Miss Jones went to the ball was borrowed from a friend of hers ．
A．that B．wearing which C．worn by D．in which
53．The clever boy made a hole in the wall , he could see what was going on inside the house．
A．in which B．through which C．at which D．on which
54．The brave man , the tiger was shor is a good bunter．
A．by which B．by whom C．by that D．of whom
55．The knife we used to cut the bread is very sharp ．
A．with which B．with it C．with that D．which
1 B 2 B 3 B 4 D 5 A 6 C 7 C 8 A 9 C 10 C
11 A 12 D 13 C 14 A 15 B 16 B 17 A 18 A 19 D 20 D
21 C 22 B 23 A 24 C 25 C 26 C 27 A 28 D 29 A 30 B
31 D 32 D 33 D 34 A 35 B 36 B 37 A 38 A 39 B 40 A
41 C 42 C 43 C 44 B 45 B 46 C 47C 48 B 49 A 50A
51 D 52 D 53 B 54 B 55 A