2011届高考英语第一轮语法定语从句专练测试题及答案和解析

时间:2011-02-16 作者:佚名 试题来源:网络

2011届高考英语第一轮语法定语从句专练测试题及答案和解析

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专题十   语法专练
1. When I couldn’t avoid meeting him, I faced an embarrassing situation       I could only keep silent.                (2009•海淀区高三年级第一学期期末练习)
A.who             B.which         C.when           D.where
2. This is one of the best films            this year.
(2010•山东省潍坊市高三上学期阶段性测试)
A. they have been shown       B. that has been shown
C. that have been shown       D. which have been shown
3. A successful life is a life         challenges are met and difficulties overcome. (2010•北京市西城区高三上学期期末抽样测试)
A.which          B.where           C.that            D.what
4. The Chinese government has made the Mid-Autumn Festival a legal
holiday,        people will have a day off. (2010•广西桂林市高三第一次调研考试
A. when           B. which          C. where        D. what
5. Villagers here depend on the fishing industry,          there won’t be much work.(2009-2010学年哈尔滨市第六中学上学期期末考试
A. where          B. that          C. by which       D. without which
6. He has lots of friends, only a few of           invited to his wedding.
 (2009-2010学年度哈尔滨市第六中学上学期期末考试
A. whom          B. them            C. which          D. who
7. A few people were killed in the fire, but           were saved.
(2010•黑龙江省双鸭山一中高三上学期期末考试
A. the most      B. most of them     C. most of whom  D. most
8. It was two decades ago          I was in my teens         the Chinese government decided to reform the social economic system.   (湖南师大附中第五次月考英语试题)
A. when; when    B. that; which     C. when; that    D. before; that
9. A large number of students give messages to their close friends through this radio club,        hosts are all their schoolmates.(湖南师大附中第五次月考英语试题)
A. that          B. of which         C. which      D. whose
10. He transplanted the young tree to the park         it was the best time for it.(2010•辽宁省抚顺一中高三12月月考)
A. where          B. when            C. what          D. that
11.         is known to us all is that China has launched Shenzhou VII
spaceship,        made the country’s first spacewalk successful.
(2009•11•山东曲阜高三教学质量调研)
A. That; what        B. What; which
C. It; which         D. As; that
12. I have come to the point            I can’t stand her arguing any longer. (2009•11•山东曲阜高三教学质量调研)
A. where          B. which        C. that      D. of which
13. Many provinces in China were attacked by such terrible snowstorms this early winter      few people had experienced before,         made us worry about global climate changes.                    (2009学年台州中学第一学期第四次统练试卷)
A. that; that     B. as; which       C. which; it      D. when; as
14. Yesterday we visited a newly?built museum, around       some fruit shops. (2009学年台州中学第一学期第四次统练试卷)
A. which is        B. it is         C. them are       D. which are
15. Mozart’s birthplace and the house          he composed The Magic Flute are both museums now.
A. where          B. when            C. there        D.which
16. I was born in New Orleans, Louisiana, a city           name will create a picture of beautiful trees and green grass in our mind.
A. which          B. of which        C. that          D. whose
17. Their problem today is somewhat similar to            they faced many years ago.
A. that           B. which          C. that which     D. it
18. I saw some trees,the leaves of            were black with disease.
A. that           B. which          C. it           D. what
19. The famous basketballer,            tried to make a comeback, attracted a lot of attention.
A. where        B. when           C. which    D. who
20. When they went into the shop and asked to look at the engagement rings, the girl brought out a cheaper one,           she had arranged with James.
A. the which was what       B. what was that
C. which was what           D. that was that
21. On Oct.23,2008 there was the 60th sports meet,          our students took an active part in.                                       (2009•杭州七中期中试卷)
A. what           B. which         C. who         D. where
22. He’ll never forget the years    he studied with his cousin in Oxford University. (2009•杭州七中期中试卷)
A. where           B. on which      C. when       D. which
23. —Alice told me you called yesterday.
—Yes, I had a problem with Jane,          I thought you could help me with, but you were not in.                            (2010•福建泉州普通高中毕业班检查)
A. who            B. whom           C. that           D. which
24. I?m told that www.languagepractising. com is a free website           learners can not just learn various languages but also chat online.
(2010•福建泉州普通高中毕业班检查)
A. that            B. which         C. where           D. whose
25. I?m thankful to him for that advice,               I owe all my success.
(2010•福建龙岩一中高三第七次月考)
A. to what        B. of which        C. at which       D. to which

 

专题十   定语从句
1. 解析:选D。考查定语从句。先行词是situation,引导词在从句中作地点状语故用where。
2.解析:选C。考查定语从句。先行词用one of修饰,引导词用that,并且one of前没有限制词,所以从句谓语动词用have。
3.解析:选B。考查定语从句。后面从句中缺少状语,先行词是life,故选B项。
4.解析:选A。考查非限制性定语从句。the Mid?Autumn Festival为先行词,指时间在从句中作时间状语,因此引导词用when。
5.解析:选D。考查非限制性定语从句中的“介词+which”结构。根据句意,应该用without和后面从句中的won?t构成双重否定结构。
6.解析:选B。考查定语从句和其他结构的区别。only a few of them invited to his wedding是独立主格结构,此结构不是完整句子,因此不能选其他引导词。
7.解析:选D。考查定语从句和简单句的区别。因为有连词but,所以不能选C项,而B项含义不正确。
8.解析:选C。考查定语从句和强调句的混用。when引导时间状语从句,强调句型It was ...that对when引导的从句进行强调,故选C。
9.解析:选D。考查非限制性定语从句。whose 在从句中作定语,修饰hosts。
10.解析:选B。考查定语从句和状语从句的区别。根据句意可知,when引导时间状语从句。
11.解析:选B。考查定语从句和名词性从句的混用。在本句中,what引导主语从句,并且在从句中作主语,而which引导非限制性定语从句。
12.解析:选A。考查定语从句。句中的先行词为point,引导词where在从句中作地点状语。
13.解析:选B。考查定语从句。such修饰先行词,而且experience缺少宾语,因此用as,不用that;而which引导非限制性定语从句,指代前面的内容。
14.解析:选D。考查非限制性定语从句。which引导非限制性定语从句,而从句的主语是some fruit shops,因此谓语动词用are。
15. 解析:选A。考查定语从句。句意为:莫扎特的出生地和他写成《魔笛》时所住的房子现在都已成为博物馆。定语从句的先行词是house,表示地点,所以要选择where,A项正确。
16. 解析:选D。考查定语从句。分析句式结构可知,空格处在句中作定语修饰name,其先行词是a city,所以用whose引导定语从句。如果用which,需使用the name of which的形式。
17. 解析:选C。考查定语从句。注意that在这里是代词,不是引导词,that which相当于 the problem which。
18. 解析:选B。考查非限制性定语从句的介词+which结构。the leaves of which 相当于 whose leaves。
19. 解析:选D。考查非限制性定语从句。先行词是 The famous basketballer(著名的篮球明星),故要用 who 来引导定语从句,因为其余三项均不用于指人。
20. 解析:选C。考查定语从句和其他从句的混用。which 引导一个非限制性定语从句,其中 which 指代 a cheaper one,且在定语从句中用作主语。which was what 中的 what引导一个表语从句,它相当于 the one that。
21. 解析:选B。考查定语从句。由句意及句子结构可知,选B。which引导非限制性定语从句,并在从句中作宾语。
22. 解析:选C。考查定语从句。句意为:他永远都不会忘记他在牛津大学与他表弟一起学习的日子。when在定语从句中作时间状语。
23. 解析:选D。考查定语从句。第二句句意为:是的,我与珍妮有点问题,我想你能帮我处理,但是你不在。which在定语从句中作with的宾语。
24. 解析:选C。考查定语从句。句意为:有人告诉我这个网址(www.languagepractising.com)是免费的,学习的人在那不但可以学到各种语言而且还可以在线聊天。where在定语从句中作地点状语。
25. 解析:选D。“考查介词+关系代词”的定语从句。句意为:我非常感激他给我的建议,我把我的成功归功于他的建议。owe ...to ...把……归功于……,故选D。

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来源 莲山 课件 w w
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