Five years ago, David Smith wore an expensive suit to work every day. “I was a clothes addict(迷),” he jokes. “I used to carry a fresh suit to work with me so I could change if my clothes got wrinkled(皱的).” Today David wears casual clothes — khaki pants and a sports shirt — to the office. He hardly ever wears a necktie. “I’m working harder than ever,” David says, “and I need to feel comfortable.”
More and more companies are allowing their office workers to wear casual clothes to work. In the United States, the changes from formal to casual office wear have been slow. In the early 1990s,many companies allowed their workers to wear casual clothes on Friday(but only on Friday).This became known as “dress-down Friday” or “casual Friday”. “What started out as an extra one-day-a-week benefit for workers has really become an everyday thing,” said business adviser Maisly Jones.?
Why have so many companies started allowing their workers to wear casual clothes? One reason is that its easier for a company to attract new workers if it has a casual dress code. “A lot of young people dont want to dress up for work,” says the owner of a software company, “so its hard to hire people if you have a conservative dress code.” Another reason is that people seem happier and more productive when they are wearing comfortable clothes. In a study made by Levi Strauss and Company, 85 percent of employers said that casual dress has a side effect on work. Supporters of casual office wear also say that a casual dress code helps them save money. “Suits are expensive, if you have to wear one every day,” one person said. “For the same amount of money, you can buy a lot more casual clothes.”?
41.David Smith refers to himself as having been “a clothes addict” because ______________.
A. he often wore khaki pants and a sports shirt?
B. he couldnt stand a clean appearance?
C. he wanted his clothes to look tidy and clean all the time?
D. he didn’t want to spend much money on clothes?
42. David Smith wears casual clothes now, because ______________.?
A. they make him feel at ease when working?
B. he cannot afford to buy expensive clothes?
C. he looks handsome in casual clothes?
D. he no longer works for any company?
43. According to this passage, which of the following is FALSE?
A. Many workers don’t like a conservative dress code.?
B. Comfortable clothes make workers more productive.?
C. A casual clothes code is welcomed by young workers.?
D. All the employers in the U.S. are for casual office wear.?
44. According to this passage, which of the following is TRUE?
A. Company workers started to dress down about twenty years ago.?
B. Dress-down has become an everyday phenomenon since the early 1990s.?
C. “Dress-down Friday” was first given as a favor from employers.?
D. Many workers want to wear casual clothes to impress people.?
45. In this passage, the following advantages of casual office wear are mentioned EXCEPT ______________.?
A. saving worker’s money
B. making workers more attractive?
C. improving worker’s feeling
D. making workers happier
【答案与解析】 41—45 CADCB
I found out one time that doing a favor for someone could get you into a lot of trouble. I was in the eighth grade at the time, and we were having a final test. During the test, the girl sitting next to me whispered something, but I didn’t understand. So I leaned over her way and found out that she was trying to ask me if I had an extra pen. She showed me that hers was out of ink and would not write. I happened to have an extra one, so I took it out of my pocket and put it on her desk.
Later, after the test papers had been turned in, the teacher asked me to stay in the room when all the other students were dismissed（解散）. As soon as we were alone she began to talk to me about what it meant to grow up; she talked about how important it was to stand on your own two feet and be responsible (负责任) for your own acts. For a long time, she talked about honesty and emphasized（强调） the fact that when people do something dishonest, they are really cheating（欺骗） themselves. She made me promise that I would think seriously（认真地） about all the things she had said, and then she told me I could leave. I walked out of the room wondering why she had chosen to talk to me about all those things.
Later on, I found out that she thought I had cheated on the test. When she saw me lean over to talk to the girl next to me, it looked as if I was copying answers from the girl’s test paper. I tried to explain about the pen, but all she could say was it seemed very very strange to her that I hadn’t talked of anything about the pen the day she talked to me right after the test. Even if I tried to explain that I was just doing the girl a favor by letting her use my pen, I am sure she continued（继续） to believe that I had cheated on the test.
1. The story took place（发生） exactly ____________ .
A. in the teacher’s office B. in an exam room
C. in the school D. in the language lab
2. The girl wanted to borrow a pen, because ____________ .
A. she had not brought a pen with her
B. she had lost her own on her way to school
C. there was something wrong with her own
D. her own had been taken away by someone
3. The teacher saw all this, so she asked the boy ____________ .
A. to go on writing his paper
B. to stop whispering
C. to leave the room immediately
D. to stay behind after the exam
4. The thing(s) emphasized in her talk was(were) ____________ .
A. honesty B. sense of duty C. seriousness D. all of the above
5. The boy knew everything ____________ .
A. the moment he was asked to stay behind
B. when the teacher started talking about honesty
C. only some time later
D. when he was walking out of the room
1. B。细节理解题。 故事发生在考试进行期间，故选B。
2.C。推理判断题。由“She showed me that hers was out of ink and would not write.”可知她的笔坏了。
3.D。细节理解题。 由“Later, after the test papers had been turned in, the teacher asked me to stay in the room…”可知考完试后，老师让他留下（stay behind）。
4.A 。细节理解题。由“. For a long time, she talked about honesty and emphasized（强调）…”可知老师反复强调的就是cheat的反面诚实（honesty）。
5.C。推理判断题。由最一段“Later on…”可知 。
People in the United States honor their parents with two special days: Mother’s Day, on the second Sunday in May, and Father’s Day, on the third Sunday in June.
Mother’s Day was proclaimed a day for national observance by President Woodrow Wilson in 1915. Ann Jarvis from Grafton, West Virginia, had started the idea to have a day to honor mothers. She was the one who chose the second Sunday in May and also began the custom of wearing a carnation.
In 1909, Mrs. Dodd from Spokane, Washington, thought of the idea of a day to honor fathers. She wanted to honor her own father, William Smart. After her mother died, he had the responsibility of raising a family of five sons and a daughter. In 1910, the first Father’s Day was observed in Spokane. Senator Margaret Chase Smith helped to established Father’s Day as a national commemorative day, in 1972.
These days are set aside to show love and respect for parents. They raise their children and educate them to be responsible citizens. They give love and care.
These two special days are celebrated in many different ways. On Mother’s Day people wear carnations. A red one symbolizes a living mother. A white one shows that the mother is dead．Many people attend religious services to honor parents. It is also a day when people whose parents are dead visit the cemetery. On these days families get together at home, as well as in restaurants. They often have outdoor barbecues for Father’s Day. These are days of fun and good feelings and memories.
51．According to the passage, which of the following about the second Sunday in May is not true ?
A．It is a day to show love to mothers
B．It is a day to wear carnations
C．It is a day for people to visit the cemetery
D．It is a day for many people to attend religious services
52．Choose the right time order of the following events.
a. The first Father’s Day was observed
b. Mother’s Day was proclaimed a day for national observance
c. Father’s Day became a day for national observance.
d. The idea of honoring fathers was bought up
A．a b c d B．d a b c C．b a c d D．d a c b
53．Who plays the most important role in Father’s Day becoming a national commemorative day?
A．Mrs. Do B．Margaret Chase Smith
C．Ann Jarvis D．Woodrow Wilson
54．From the passage, we know in the U.S ________________.
A．one should wear a red carnation if one’s mother pass away
B．on Mother’s Day, families often go out to have barbecues
C．on Father’s Day, people often stay at home to celebrate the special day.
D．The purpose to have these two special days is to show love to parents
55．The author’s purpose of writing this passage is to __________
A．call on people to love and respect their parents.
B．introduce Mother’s Day and Father’s Day.
C．tell the difference between Mother’s Day and Father’s Day
D．show how important fathers and mothers are
【答案与解析】 51~55 CBBDB
53．B。推理判断题。 解析：从第三自然段最后一句话Senator Margaret Chase Smith
helped to established Father’s Day as a national commemorative day, in 1972. 看出：是参议员史
54．D。推理判断题。解析：第一自然段就提到People in the United States honor their
parents with two special days: Mother’s Day’s, on the second Sunday in May, and Father’s Day,
on the third Sunday in June.表明美国人民以两个特殊的日子向父母表示敬意,这便是每年五月
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