O. Henry was a pen name used by an American writer of short stories. His real name was William Sydney Porter. He was born in North Carolina in 1862. As a young boy he lived an exciting life. He did not go to school for very long, but he managed to teach himself everything he needed to know. When he was about 20 years old, O. Henry went to Texas, where he tried different jobs. He first worked on a newspaper, and then had a job in a bank, when some money went missing from the bank O. Henry was believed to have stolen it. Because of that, he was sent to prison. During the three years in prison, he learned to write short stories. After he got out of prison, he went to New York and continued writing. He wrote mostly about New York and the life of the poor there. People liked his stories, because simple as the tales were, they would finish with a sudden change at the end, to the reader’s surprise.
1. In which order did O. Henry do the following things?
a. Lived in New York. b. Worked in a bank. c. Travelled to Texas.
d. Was put in prison. e. Had a newspaper Job. f. Learned to write stories.
A. e. c. f. b. d. a B. c. e. b. d. f. a C. e. b. d. c. a. f. D. c. b. e. d. a f.
2. People enjoyed reading O. Henry’s stories because
A. they had surprise endings B. they were easy to understand
C. they showed his love for the poor D. they were about New York City
3. O. Henry went to prison because .
A. people thought he had stolen money from the newspaper
B. he broke the law by not using his own name
C. he wanted to write stories about prisoners
D. people thought he had taken money that was not his
4. What do we know about O. Henry before he began writing?
A. He was well-educated. B. He was not serious about his work.
C. He was devoted to the poor. D. He was very good at learning.
5. Where did O. Henry get most material for his short stories?
A. His life inside the prison. B. The newspaper articles he wrote.
C. The city and people of New York. D. His exciting early life as a boy.
One day a few years ago a very funny thing happened to a neighbour of mine. He is a teacher at one of London’s big medical schools, He had finished his teaching for the summer term and was at the airport on his way to Russia to give a lecture.
He had put a few clothes and his lecture notes in his shoulder bag, but he had put Rupert, the skeleton (人体骨骼) to be used in his lecture, in a large brown suitcase (箱子). At the airport desk, he suddenly thought that he had forgotten to buy a newspaper. He left his suitcase near the desk and went over to the shop.
When he got back he discovered that someone had taken his suitcase by mistake. He often wonders what they said when they got home and found Rupert.
1. Who wrote the story?
A. Rupert’s teacher. B. The neighbour’s teacher.
C. A medical school teacher. D. The teacher’s neighbour.
2. Why did the teacher put a skeleton in his suitcase?
A. He needed it for the summer term in London.
B. He needed it for the lecture he was going to give.
C. He wanted to take it to Russia for medical research.
D. He wanted to take it home as he had finished his teaching.
3. What happened at the airport?
A. The skeleton went missing . B. The skeleton was stolen .
C. The teacher forgot his suitcase. D. The teacher took the wrong suitcase .
4. Which of the following best tells the teacher’s feeling about the incident?
A. He is very angry . B. He thinks it rather funny .
C. He feels helpless without Rupert. D. He feels good without Rupert .
5. Which of the following might have happened afterwards?
A. The teacher got back the suitcase but not Rupert.
B. The teacher got back neither the suitcase nor Rupert.
C. The teacher got back Rupert but not the suitcase.
D. The teacher got back both the suitcase and Rupert.
On the evening of June 21, 1992, a tall man with brown hair and blue eyes entered the beautiful hall of the Bell Tower Hotel in Xi’an with his bicycle. The hotel workers received him and telephoned the manager, for they had never seen a bicycle in the hotel ball before though they lived in “the kingdom of bicycles.”
Robert Friedlander, an American, arrived in Xi’an on his bicycle trip across Asia which started last December in New Delhi, India.
When he was 11, he read the book Marco Polo and made up his mind to visit the Silk Road. Now, after 44 years , he was on the Silk Road in Xi’an and his early dreams were coming true.
Robert Friedlander’s next destinations (目的地) were Lanzhou, Dunhuang, Urumqi, etc. He will complete his trip in Pakistan.
1. The best headline(标题) for this newspaper article would be .
A. The Kingdom of Bicycles B. A Beautiful Hotel in Xi’an
C. Marco Polo and the Silk Road D. An American Achieving His Aims
2. The hotel workers told the manager about Friedlander coming to the hotel because .
A. he asked to see the manager
B. he entered the hall with a bike
C. the manager had to know about all foreign guests
D. the manager knew about his trip and was expecting him
3. Friedlander is visiting the three countries in the following order, .
A. China, India, and Pakistan B. India, China, and Pakistan
C. Pakistan, China, and India D. China, Pakistan, and India
4. What made Friedlander want to come to China?
A. The stories about Marco Polo . B. The famous sights in Xi’an .
C. His interest in Chinese silk. D. His childhood dreams about bicycles .
5. Friedlander can be said to be .
A. clever B. friendly C. hardworking D. strong—minded
Mr. Grey was the manager of a small office in London. He lived in the country, and came up to work by train. He liked walking from the station to his office unless it was raining, because it gave him some exercise.
One morning he was walking along the street when a stranger stopped him and said to him, “You may not remember me, sir, but seven years ago I came to London without a penny in my pockets, I stopped you in this street and asked you to lend me some money, and you lent me £ 5, because you said you were willing to take a chance so as to give a man a start on the way to success.”
Mr Grey thought for a few minutes and then said, “Yes, I remember you. Go on with your story!” “Well,” answered the stranger, “are you still willing to take a chance?”
1. How did Mr. Grey get to his office?
A. He went up to work by train.
B. He walked to his office.
C. He went to his office on foot unless it rained.
D. He usually took a train to the station and then walked to his office if the weather was fine.
2. Mr Grey liked walking to his office because ________.
A. he couldn’t afford the buses B. he wanted to save money
C. he wanted to keep in good health D. he could do some exercises on the way
3. Mr. Grey had been willing to lend money to a stranger in order to_______
A. give him a start in life B. help him on the way to success
C. make him rich D. gain more money
4. One morning the stranger recognized Mr. Grey, and_______
A. wanted to return Mr. Grey the money
B. again asked Mr. Grey for money
C. would like to make friends with him
D. told Mr. Grey that he had been successful since then
5. In the second paragraph, “…take a chance” means ______.
A. Mr. Gray happened to meet a stranger
B. Mr. Grey had a chance to help a stranger
C. Mr. Grey helped a stranger by chance
D. Mr. Grey took the risk that the stranger would not give back the money which he lent him
Even if you are a good high-jumper, you can jump only about seven feet off the ground. You cannot jump any higher because the earth pulls you hard. The pull of the earth is called gravity.
You can easily find out the pull of the earth. If you weigh yourself, you will know how much gravity is pulling you.
Since there is gravity, water runs down hill. When you throw a ball into the air, it falls back down. Because of gravity, you do not fall off the earth as it whirls (旋转) around.
Then, can we get away from the earth and go far out into space? Now you can do it, because spaceships have been invented. Then spaceship will go so fast that it can escape (逃出) the earth’s gravity and carry you into space.
1. In this passage, the word “gravity” means.
A. the pull of everything.
B. the force of attraction(吸引) among objects.
C. the force which attracts objects towards the centre of the earth
D. the force which attracts the earth towards the sun.
2. When you slip(滑) you always fall to the ground because
A. the earth always turns round. B. the earth has gravity
C. the earth’s gravity is greater than your weight. D. you are careless.
3. Gravity is strong that
A. it can throw a ball into the air. B. it makes you jump only seven feet.
C. it can let you fly away from the earth. D. it can keep everything on earth.
4. Because of gravity,
A. water flows everything. B. we can go everywhere by ship.
C. water always flows downwards. D. fish can live in water.
5. We can get away from the earth by spaceship because
A. the spaceship goes very fast. B. the earth can’t pull the spaceship.
C. the spaceship has a strong force. D. the spaceship can jump higher than other things.
An expensive car speeding down the main street of a small town was soon caught up with by a young motorcycle policeman. As he started to make out the ticket, the woman behind the wheel said proudly, “Before you go any further, young man, I think you should know that the mayor of this city is a good friend of mine.”The officer did not say a word, but kept writing. “I am also a friend of chief of police Barens,”continued the woman, getting more angry each moment, Still he kept on writing. “Young man,”she persisted, “I know Judge Lawson and State Senator (参议员) Patton.” Handing the ticket to the woman, the officer asked pleasantly , “Tell me, do you know Bill Bronson.”
“Why, no,”she answered.
“Well, that is the man you should have known,”he said, heading back to his motorcycle, “I an Bill Bronson.”
1. The policeman stopped the car because_____
A. it was an expensive car
B. the driver was a proud lady
C. the driver was driving beyond the speed limit
D. the driver was going to make trouble for the police
2. The woman was getting more angry each moment because _____.
A. the policeman didn’t know her friends
B. the policeman didn’t accept her kindness
C. the policeman was going to punish her
D. she didn’t know the policeman’s name
3. The policeman was _______.
A. an honourable fellow B. a stupid fellow
C. an impolite man D. a shy man
4. The woman was _______.
B. a person who depended on someone else to finish her work
C. trying to frighten the policeman on the strength of her friends’ powerful positions
D. introducing her good friends’ names to the young officer
5. The policeman _______.
A. had no sense of humor (幽默) B. had s sense of humor
C. had no sense of duty D. was senseless
Elizabeth Blackwell was born in England in 1821, and moved to New York City when she was ten years old. One day she decided that she wanted to become a doctor. That was nearly impossible for a woman in the middle of the nineteenth century. After writing many letters asking for admission(录取) to medical schools, she was finally accepted by a doctor in Philadelphia. She was so determined that she taught school and gave music lessons to get money for the cost of schooling.
In 1849, after graduation from medical school. she decided to further her education in Paris. She wanted to be a surgeon(外科医师) , but a serious eye problem forced her to give up the idea.
Upon returning to the United States, she found it difficult to start her own practice because she was a woman. By 1857 Elizabeth and her sister, also a doctor, along with another woman doctor, managed to open a new hospital, the first for women and children Besides being the first woman physician and founding her own hospital , she also set up the first medical school for women.
1. Why couldn’t Elizabeth Blackwell realize her dream of becoming a surgeon?
A. She couldn’t get admitted to medical school
B. She decided to further her education in Paris
C. A serious eye problem stopped her
D. It was difficult for her to start a practice in the United States
2. What main obstacle(障碍) almost destroyed Elizabeth’s chances for becoming for a doctor?
A. She was a woman.
B. She wrote too many letters.
C. She couldn’t graduate from medical school.
D. She couldn’t set up her hospital.
3. How many years passed between her graduation from medical school and the opening of her hospital?
A. Eight years B. Ten years C. Nineteen years D. Thirty-six years
4. According to the passage, all of the following are “firsts” in the life of Elizabeth Blacekwell,
except that she ______.
A. became the first woman physician
B. was the first woman doctor
C. and several other women founded the first hospital for women and children
D. set up the first medical school for women
5. Eilzabeth Blackwell spent most of her lift in _______.
A. England B. Paris C. the United States D. New York City
In today’s age of fast travel, the world seems a smaller place---- and to some people, a less exciting place, Fifty years ago only a few English people and holidays abroad, People who didn’t travel thought of other countries as very far away and different. For example, people thought the French all eat garlic(大蒜), the Italians all eat spaghetti(细条实心面). and the Americans all drink Coca Cola, These definite(明确的) ideas of other nationalities are called stereotypes(陈规老套) . But do we have the same stereotypes today? People travel more, we all watch the same TV programmes, and ideas travel quickly too. Nowadays everyone eats garlic and spaghetti and drinks Coca Cola. Everyone listens to the same music. wears the same fashions(流行式样) , buys the same cars. They just do it in a different language!
1. Now the world seems to be exciting.
A. bigger and more B. smaller and more
C. smaller and less D. bigger and less
2. Fifty years ago, English people travelled abroad.
A. many B. few C. only some D. a few
3. People thought of other countries as .
A. near and different B. near and the same
C. remote and very different D. remote and the same
4. Nowadays, people’s ideas of other nationalities .
A. have changed B. are the same C. are different D. are almost the same
5. We don’t have the same stereotypes because people _______.
A. travel more B. watch the same TV programmes
C. watch different TV programmes D. travel more and watch the same TV programmes
6. The best title for this passage would be .
A. A Big World B. A Small World
C. An Exacting World D. An Interesting World
We are used to the idea of aging in ourselves. We are so used to this that it comes as a surprise to find that there may be some animals that do not age. Sea anemones(海葵) are an example. Some have been kept for nearly a century without showing any signs of lifelessness. Some kinds of sea worms can even “grow backwards.” If kept in the dark and given nothing to eat, they get steadily smaller, They finally end as a ball of cells(细胞) looking rather like the egg from which they came. Under good conditions the ball will turn back to a worm and start growing again. One could probably keep them growing and un-growing again and again.
1. Some sea worms grow smaller when they ______.
A. lose weight B. live in the darkness
C. are under good conditions D. don’t eat and are kept in the dark
2. According to the passage, some sea animals ________.
A. will die when they become a ball of cells B. do not grow old
C. will die without food D. will stop growing any time they want
3. According to the passage, which of the following statements in NOT true?
A. We can keep certain kind of sea worm growing and ungrowing again and again.
B. Human beings will grow old and die.
C. An anemone is a king of sea worm that can grow backwards.
D. Some anemones will live nearly a hundred years.
4. The underlined word aging in the first sentence means ______.
A. growing old B. the age of a person
C.getting younger D. un -growing
5. This passage is mainly about ______.
A. sea animals B. cells C. aging D. anemones
Now I’d like to talk to you about your final exam. The exam will be held next Thursday, the last day of the exam week. Remember to bring two of three pens in case you run out of ink. And unlike the midterm exam, this test will not include multiple --- choice questions; it will consist entirely of essays(文章). You’ll have to answer three of the five essay questions. The exam will be comprehensive (全面的), which means you’ll be responsible for all of the subject matters we covered in class this term, I would suggest you review your midterm exam as well as textbooks and your class notes. The final exam will count as 50 percent of your grade of the course. The research project (项目) will count as 20 percent and the midterm exam 30 percent. I’ll be in my office almost all day next Tuesday. If you run into any problems, please drop in. Good luck to you and I’ll see you on Tuesday.
1. When will the final exam take place?
A. On Tuesday B. On a Wednesday C. On a Thursday D. On a Friday
2. What will be included in the exam?
A. There will be only multiple-choice questions.
B. The exam will contain both multiple-choice and essay questions.
C. The exam will have an oral and a written section.
D. There will be only essay questions.
3. Why does the teacher call the exam comprehensive?
A. It will be easy to understand.
B. Students will be tested on all the material discussed in class.
C. It will cover topics from a wide variety of subjects.
D. Students must complete all parts of it.
4. The underlined phrase run into probably means .
A. go into B. meet somebody unexpectedly
C. come up against something with force D. come across
5. When was this talk most likely given?
A. During the first week of class B. During midterm week
C. On the last day of class D. On the last day of exam week
When Dean Arnold got his first job, he was miserable (痛苦的), Each time he went to work, he coughed and he couldn’t breathe. Working in a bakery(面包房) when you are allergic to (对…过敏) flour can be painful.
But Arnold stayed with the National Biscuit Company for ten years. He was a businessman and he helped them improve production. At last his health problems became too serious. He left and formed his own company.
With his wife and mother, he founded Arnold Bakery. They tried new recipes (配方). changing the kind and amount of flour used. This enabled Arnold to work there without too much pain. The bread, made with unbleached flour (标准粉), was baked in a brick oven (烘炉).
They began by baking two dozen loaves. The bread was sold door to door for fifteen cents a loaf. Winning customers to his unusual, old-fashioned bread took time. But Arnold, struggling against his allergy, built his bakery into one of the largest in the United States.
1. A good title for this passage would be .
A. A Sick Baker B. A Brick-oven Bread Baker
C. An Old-fashioned Baker D. How to Overcome Allergy
2. Dean left the National Biscuit Company because he .
A. suffered from allergy to flour B. didn’t like the job
C. wanted to make more money D. wanted to form his own company
3. During his stay in the National Biscuit Company, .
A. he founded Arnold Bakery
B. he tried a new method of baking
C. he helped the company improve their production
D. he became successful in his business
4. Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage?
A. Arnold’s bread was baked in a brick oven.
B. Arnold’s bread was made with unbleached flour.
C. Arnold’s bread was sold at a low price.
D. Arnold’s bread was of poor quality.
5. From the passage we can conclude that Arnold was .
A. determined B. brave C. unusual D. unhealthy
When we see well, we do not think about our eyes very often. It is only when we cannot see perfectly that we realize how important our eyes are.
People who are near-sighted can only see things that are very close to their eyes, Everything else seems blurry(=unclear). Many people who do a lot of work, such as writing, reading and sewing become near—sighted. Then
People who are far-sighted suffer from just the opposite problem. They can see things that are far away, but they have difficulty in reading a book unless they hold it at arm’s length. If they want to do much reading ,they must get glasses, too.
Other people do not see clearly because their eyes are not exactly the right shape. They have what is called astigmatism (散光). This, too, can be corrected by glasses. Some people’s eyes become cloudy because of cataracts (白内障). Long ago these people often became blind. Now, however, it is possible to operate on the cataracts and remove them.
Having two good eyes is important for judging distances. Each eye sees things from a slightly different angle (角度). To prove this to yourself, look at an object our of one eye; then look at the same object out of your other eye. You will find the object’s relation to the background and other things around it has changed. The difference between these two different eye views helps us to judge how far away an object is. People who have only one eye cannot judge distance as people with two eyes.
1. We should take good care of our eyes .
A. only when we can see well
B. only when we cannot see perfectly
C. even if we can see well
D. only when we realize how important our eyes are
2. When things far away seem indistinct(模糊不清) , one is probably .
A. near-sighted B. far-sighted
C. astigmatic D. suffering from cataracts
3. The underlined word suffer in the third paragraph probably means .
A. experience B. imagine
C. feel pain D. are affected with
4. Having two eyes instead of one is particularly useful for .
A. seeing at night B. seeing objects far away
C. looking over a wide area D. judging distances
5. People who suffer from astigmatism have .
A. one eye bigger than the other
B. eyes that are not exactly the right shape
C. a difficulty that can be corrected by an operation
D. an eye difficulty that cannot be corrected by glasses
Grandma was a wonderful story-teller, and she had a set of priceless, individually (独特地) tailored stories with which American grandparents of her day brought up children. There was the story of the little boys who had been taught complete, quick obedience (服从). One day when they were out on the grassy plain, their father shouted. “Fall down on your faces!” They did, and the terrible prairie(草原) fire swept over them and they weren’t hurt. There was also the story of three boys at school, each of whom received a cake sent from home. One saved his, and the mice ate it; one ate all of his , and he got sick; and who do you think had the best time? —Why, of course, the one who shared his cake with his friends.
1. What is the main idea of this passage?
A. Children should obey their parents quickly.
B. Children should share with others.
C. The author remembers many of her grandma’s wonderful stories.
D. The grandma’s stories helped teach the children morals and good manners.
2. Which of the following details supports the main idea of the passage?
A. The children were saved from the fire because they followed directions.
B. Grandma told a story of three boys at school.
C. Each of the three boys got a cake sent from home.
D. The big prairie fire soon spread over to the village.
3. Which of the following statements is true?
A. The author was saved from the fire.
B. The author was brought up from his grandmother.
C. Grandma was good at telling children stories.
D. Grandma told stories to children just for fun.
4. All of the following were not praised by the author except ___________.
A. the boy who shared his cake with others
B. the boy who ate up all his cake by himself
C. the boy who kept the cake for the future
D. the boys who didn’t obey their parents
5. According to this passage, the underlined word tailored probably means __________.
A. measured B. specially prepared C. cut D. invented
The most important use of drifting (漂流) bottles is to find ocean currents. When the position and direction of currents are known, ships can use the forward movement of a current or stay away from currents that would carry them off their course. Benjamin Franklin was one of the first to use bottles in the study of currents. He wondered why British mall ships needed a week or two longer than U.S. ships needed in order to cross the Atlantic Ocean. Franklin thought the Gulf Stream (墨西哥湾流) might explain this difference.
Franklin talked with captains of U.S. ships. He found that they knew each turn of the Gulf Stream. They used the current in every possible way. From his talks with the captains. Franklin made his first map of the Gulf Stream. Then he checked his map by using sealed (密封的) bottles. The map that he finally made is still used, with only a few changes, today.
1. Why are drifting bottles used?
A. To determine the position of a ship. B. To find the direction of a current.
C. To predict the direction of a ship. D. To carry message across the ocean.
2. What led Franklin to talk with U.S. captains?
A. U.S. ships were longer than British ones.
B. British ships could sail the Atlantic faster than U.S. ones.
C. U.S. ships could sail the Atlantic faster than U.S. ones.
D. U.S captains knew more about maps.
3. What did Franklin make after his talks with U.S. captains?
A. A map of the Gulf Stream. B. A map of the Atlantic Ocean.
C. A map of ocean currents. D. A map of his first voyage.
4. What did Franklin do in order to make an exact map?
A. He compared his own map with other maps. B. He talked with many U.S. captains.
C. He used drifting bottles to check his map. D. Both B and C.
5. The underlined word current in the first paragraph means ______.
A. a stream of water B. a course of events
C. the flow of electricity D. the situation of the present time
The Guidance Department (教导处) at Burrville High School has a staff (职员) of eleven. Most of their work is done with the students. But the staff sees a lot of parents, too.
“Parent meetings form a clear monthly pattern,” says Mildred Foreman, Guidance Director. “This pattern stays much the same from year to year. The busy months are October, March and May.”
September starts rather slowly. Few parents come in, Most of these want to discuss the schedules (日程安排). October brings many behaviour (行为) problems. Some parents are called in. Others come by themselves. Things quiet down in November December is a quiet month. “It’s the holiday,” Ms Foreman says. “People want to come in, I know , but they decide to wait until after New Year’s Day.”
Report cards go home just before Christmas holidays. Bad marks bring parents in as school reopens. This happens again in March, another report card month. May is always the year’s busiest month. That’s when parents realize that their children might be held back (留级). They come in to see if anything can be done before things are decided in June.
1. “Most of their work is done with the students” means ______.
A. they have most of their work done by the students
B. most of their work is getting rid of their students
C. most of their work is dealing with the students
D. their work is mostly done together with the students
2. In the sentence “The staff sees a lot of parents too.” the word “see” can be replaced with “_____”.
A. notice B. understand C. arrange D. meet
3. From the diagram(图表), we know that the total of their meetings in April is ______ as many
as that in December.
A. twice B. a quarter C. half D. two-thirds
4. In March, each of the staff working in the Guidance Department has to interview (会见)
about ______ parents.
A. 10 B. 20 C. 15 D. 5
5. May is always the busiest month because the parents want to ______.
A. discuss schedules with the staff
B. have something done to help their children’s promotion(升级)
C. know how their children are getting on with their lessons
D. do something good for the school or the staff
Maliyuwa, a nearby village. They lived with the man’s big family—his parents his brothers, their wives and children. They family kept an elephant, in which the young woman soon took a great interest. Every day she fed it with fruit and sugar.
Three months later the woman went back to her parents’ home, having quarrelled with her husband. Soon the elephant refused to eat and work. It appeared to be ill and heart—broken. One morning after several weeks the animal disappeared from the house.
It went to the woman’s home. On seeing her, the elephant waved its trunk and touched her with it. The young woman was so moved (感动) by the act of the animal that she returned to her husband’s home.
1. The writer wrote the story in order to .
A. show that elephants are very clever
B. tell how a woman trained a wild animal
C. show that women care more for animals than men do
D. tell how an animal reunited a husband and wife
2. The woman left her new home .
A. to visit her own parents in Maliyuwa B. to see if the elephant would follow her
C. because she was angry with her husband D. because she was tired of the large family
3. After the young woman left her husband’s home, the elephant .
A. returned to the forest B. was sad because it missed her
C. went to look for a new home D. was sick because nobody fed it
4. The young wife went back to her husband because .
A. she knew he had sent the animal to her B. the elephant had come to look for her
C. her parents persuaded her to D. she missed her new home
The blue eyes that looked at him from outside the door were like the light through a magnifying glass (放大镜) when it is at its brightest and smallest, when paper and leaves begin to smoke.
“Hey ,” said the man in the door. “Remember me?”
“Yes,” the boy said, whispering. “Rick.”
He felt so surprised to see Rick. All of Rick seemed to be shown in the eyes, with a strong feeling that ought to have hurt him
“You knew me,” Rick said. “You hadn’t forgotten.”
“You’re ——just the same,” the boy said, and felt much thankful.
He seemed even to be wearing the same clothes, the same blue shirt and grey trousers. He was thin, but he was built to be lean; and he was still, or again, sunburnt (晒黑了). After everything, the slow white smile still showed the slight feeling of happiness.
“Let’s look at you,” Rick said, dropping into a chair. Then slowly he felt more at home, and he became once more just Rick, as if nothing had happened. There were lines about his eyes, and deeper lines on his cheeks (面颊), but he looked like——just Rick, lined by sunlight and smiling.
“When I look at you,” he said, “You make me think about me, for we look like each other.”
“Yes,” said the boy, eagerly, “they all think we both look like my grandfather.”
1. On his return , Rick ______.
A. had not changed much B. looked very old
C. was much thinner than before D. was wearing different clothes
2. Rick and the boy are probably ______.
A. brothers B. related C. friends D. neighbours
3. You could describe Rick as ______.
A. old and friendly B. old and nervous C. thin and nervous D. thin and friendly
4. From the passage we can tell that the boy ______.
A. was worried that Rick had forgotten him B. was proud of what Rick had done
C. was pleased to see Rick D. wondered where Rick had been
5. Rick and the boy ______.
A. had similar personalities B. cared about each other
C. had lived in the same house D. felt their friendship had changed
Can trees talk? Yes, but not in words. Scientists have reason to believe that trees do communicate (交际) with each other. Not long ago, researchers learned some surprising things. First a willow tree attacked in the woods by caterpillars (毛虫) changed the chemistry of its leaves and made them taste so terrible that they got tired of the leaves and stopped eating them. Then even more astonishing, the tree sent out a special smell---a signal (信号) causing its neighbors to change the chemistry of their own leaves and make them less tasty.
Communication, of course, doesn’t need to be in words. We can talk to each other by smiling, raising our shoulders and moving our hands. We know that birds and animals use a whole vocabulary of songs, sounds, and movements. Bees dance their signals, flying in certain patterns that tell other bees where to find nectar (花蜜) for honey. So why shouldn’t trees have ways of sending message?
1. It can be concluded from the passage that caterpillars do not feed on leaves that ______.
A. are lying on the ground B. have an unpleasant taste
C. bees don’t like D. have an unfamiliar shape
2. The willow tree described in the passage protected itself by ______.
A. growing more branches B. communicating with birds and bees
C. changing its leaf chemistry D. shaking caterpillars off
3. According to the passage, the willow tree was able to communicate with other trees by ______.
A. waving its branches B. giving off a special smell
C. dropping its leaves D. changing the colour of its trunk
4. According to this passage, bees communicate by ______.
A. making special movement B. touching one another
C. smelling one another D. making unusual sound
5. The author believes that the incident described in the passage ______.
A. cannot be taken seriously B. should no longer be permitted
C. must be checked more thoroughly D. seems completely reasonable
The year was 1932. Amelia Earhart was flying alone from North America to England in a small single—engined aeroplane. At midnight, several hours after she had left Newfoundland, she ran into bad weather. To make things worse, her altimeter (高度表) failed and she didn’t know how high she was flying. At night, and in a storm, a pilot is in great difficulty without an altimeter. At times, her plane nearly plunged (冲) into the sea.
Just before dawn, there was further trouble. Amelia noticed flames (火焰) coming from the engine. Would she be able to reach land? There was nothing to do except to keep going and to hope.
In the end, Amelia Earhart did reach Ireland, and for the courage she had shown, she was warmly welcomed in England and Europe. When she returned to the United States, she was honored by President Hoover at a special dinner in the White House. From that time on, Amelia Earhart was famous.
What was so important about her flight? Amelia Earhart was the first woman to fly the Atlantic Ocean alone, and she had set a record of fourteen hours and fifty—six minutes.
In the years that followed, Amelia Earhart made several flights across the United States, and on each occasion (时刻) she set a new record for flying time. Amelia Earhart made these flights to show that women had a place in aviation (航空) and that air travel was useful.
1. Which of the following statements is NOT the difficulty which Amelia Earhart met in her flight from north America to England?
A. She was caught in a storm. B. The altimeter went out of order.
C. Her engine went wrong. D. She lost her direction.
2. When Amelia Earhart saw flames coming from the engine, what did she do?
A. She did nothing but pray for herself.
B. She changed her direction and landed in Ireland.
C. She continued flying.
D. She lost hope of reaching land.
3. According to the passage, what was Amelia Earhart’s reason for making her flights?
A. To set a new record for flying time.
B. To be the first woman to fly around the world.
C. To show that aviation was not just for men.
D. To become famous in the world.
4. Which of the following statements was NOT mentioned?
A. She was the first woman who succeeded in flying across the Atlantic Ocean alone.
B. She showed great courage in overcoming the difficulties during the flight.
C She was warmly welcomed in England, Europe and the United States.
D. She made plans to fly around the world.
5. Which of the following would be the best title for the passage?
A. Amelia Earhart—First Across the Atlantic.
B. Amelia Earhart—Pioneer in Women’s Aviation.
C. A New Record for Flying Time.
D. A Dangerous Flight from North America to England.
A nobleman and a merchant once met in an inn. For their lunch they both ordered soup. When it was brought, the nobleman took a spoonful, but the soup was so hot that he burned his mouth and tears came to his eyes, The merchant asked him why he was weeping. The nobleman was ashamed to admit (承认) that he had burned his mouth and answered, “Sir, I once had a brother who committed a great crime (犯罪), for which he was hanged. I was thinking of his death, and that made me weep.” The merchant believed this story and began to eat his soup. He too burned his mouth, so that he had tears in his eyes. The nobleman noticed it and asked the merchant, “Sir, why do you weep?” The merchant, who now saw that the nobleman had deceived (欺骗) him, answered, “My lord(=master), I am weeping because you were not hanged together with your brother.”
1. This story teaches us ______.
A. not to eat in inns B. not to eat soup that is too hot
C.to cry when we burn our mouth D. not to believe everything you hear
2. The nobleman did not tell the truth because he ______.
A. was a nobleman felt ashamed C. was in an inn D. was angry
3. The nobleman should have ______.
A. smiled with joy B. shouted with laughter
C. told the truth D. scolded the waiter
4. It is probable that the nobleman ______.
A. had no brother who was hanged B. had a very good brother
C. knew the soup was too hot D. had never eaten soup
5. The merchant’s answer showed that be ______.
A. was very happy B. believed the nobleman
C. was angry with the nobleman D. had kind heart
In a very real sense, people who have read good literature have lived more than people who cannot or will not read. To have read Gulliver’s Travels is to have had the experience of listening to Jonathan Swift, of learning about man’s inhumanity (残酷) to man. To read Huckleberry Finn is to feel what it is like to drift (漂流) down the Mississippi River on a raft (木排). To have read Byron is to have suffered his rebellions with him and to have enjoyed his nose—thumbing at (对……的蔑视) society. To have read Native Son is to know how it feels to be frustrated (受挫折) in the particular way in which Blacks in Chicago are frustrated. This is effective communication (交流). It enables us to feel how others felt about life, even if they lived thousands of miles away and centuries age. It is not true that “We have only one life to live.” If we read, we can live as many more lives and as many kinds of lives as we wish.
1. The sentence “People who have read good literature have lived more than people who cannot or will not read” suggests that ______.
A. reading stimulates(激发) a desire to travel
B. reading broadens(扩大) a person’s experience
C. people who read much live longer
D. people who read are more relaxed
2. The author implies that good literature ______.
A. must deal with social problems B. must teach a lesson
C. is varied in subject and in content (内容) D. is always exciting and heart--warming
3. According to the author, reading good literature ______.
A. produces new income B. is quite useless
C. satisfies the curious D. opens new worlds to us(眼界)
4. The underlined word effective in this passage means ______.
A. actual B. striking C. existing D. having an effect
When I lived in Spain, some Spanish friends of mine decided to visit England by car. Before they left, they asked me for advice about how to find accommodation (住所). I suggested that they should stay at ‘bed and breakfast’ houses, because this kind of accommodation gives a foreign visitor a good chance to speak English with the family. My friends listened to my advice, but they came back with some funny stories.
“We didn’t stay at bed and breakfast houses,” they said, “because we found that most families were away on holiday.”
I thought this was strange. Finally I understood what had happened. My friends spoke little English, and they thought ‘VACANCIES’ meant ‘holidays’, because the Spanish word for ‘holidays” is ‘vacaciones’. So they did not go to house where the sign outside said ‘VACANCLES’, which in English means there are free rooms. Then my friends went to house where the sign said ‘NO VACANCLES’, because they thought this meant the people who owned the house were not away on holiday. But they found that these houses were all full. As a result, they stayed at hotels!
We laughed about this and about mistakes my friends made in reading other signs. In Spanish, the word ‘DIVERSION’ means fun. In English, it means that workmen are repairing the road, and that you must take a different road. When my friends saw the word ‘DIVERSION’ on a road sign, they thought they were going to have fun. Instead, the road ended in a large hold.
English people have problems too when they learn foreign languages. Once in Paris. when someone offered me some more. coffee, I said ‘Thank you’ in French. I meant that I would like some more, However , to my surprise the coffee pot was taken away! Later I found out that ‘Thank you’ in French means ‘Mo, thank you.’
1. My Spanish friends wanted advice about ______.
A. learning English B. finding places to stay in England
C. driving their car on English roads D. going to England by car
2. I suggested that they stay at bed and breakfast houses because ______.
A. they would be able to practise their English
B. it would be much cheaper than staying in hotels
C. it would be convenient for them to have dinner
D. there would be no problem about finding accommodation there
3. “NO VACANCIES” in English means ______.
A. no free rooms B. free rooms C. not away on holiday D. holidays
4. If you see a road sign that says ‘Diversion’, you will ______.
A. fall into a hole
B. have a lot of fun and enjoy yourself
C. find that the road is blocked by crowds of people
D. have to take a different road
5. When someone offered me more coffee and I said ‘Thank you’ in French, I ______.
A didn’t really want any more coffee B. wanted them to take the coffee pot away
C. really wanted some more coffee D. wanted to express my politeness
6. I was surprised when the coffee pot was taken away because I ______.
A. hadn’t finished drinking my coffee B. was expecting another cup of coffee
C. meant that I didn’t want any more D. was never misunderstood
A beautiful and very successful actress was the star of a new musical show. Her home was in the country, but she didn’t want to have to go back there every night, so she rented (租用) an expensive flat in the centre of the city, bought some beautiful furniture (家具) and hired a man to paint the rooms in new colours.
It was very difficult to get tickets for her show because everybody wanted to see it, so she decided to give the painter two of the best seats. She hoped that this would make him work better and more willingly for her. He took the tickets without saying anything, and she heard no more about them until the end of the month, when she got the painter’s bill. At the bottom of it were the words “Four hours watching Miss Hall sing and dance,£3,” with this note： “After 5 p.m. I get fifteen shillings an hour instead of ten shillings.”
1. In the article, “Miss Hall” was the name of ______.
A. a place where people sang and danced B. an unmarried woman
C. a hall D. a street
2. The woman’s flat was situated ______.
A. near the city B. near her home
C. in the middle of the city D. by the side of the country road
3. The actress gave the painter two tickets, hoping he would______.
A. be pleased B. ask less money for his work
C. charge more money for his work D. say a good word for her musical show
4. After the painter got the tickets from the actress, he ______.
A. sold them for £3 B. went to watch the musical show
C. paid £3 for them D. was very thankful to her
5. In the story , ______ made a mistake.
A. both the actress and the painter B. neither the actress nor the painter
C. the painter D. the actress
The basenji is a central African hunting dog. It comes from a country called Chad, which is north of the Central African Republic. The basenji was well—known as the “silent dog” because for centuries no basenjis has ever been known to bark (吠). Then at a dog show in London in 1953, a basenji actually barked.
As well as being clever, basenjis are known for their natural courage and are still popular hunting dogs in Africa. But in America people keep them mainly because they are gentle and full of fun. The basenji has an unusual habit, it washes itself all over like a cat. It is a middle—sized dog, 16 or 17 inches high from the shoulder. It weighs about 20 pounds. A basenji’s coat is short and silky. It may be brown, white, or gold , or a mixture of these three colours.
1. Basenjis were first found .
A. in Africa, Europe and America B. in both Africa and America
C. in central Africa D. in North Africa
2. What made Basenjis so special?
A. They were funny enough to make people laugh.
B. One of them barked at a dog show in London.
C. They were a true friend of man.
D. They were born quiet dogs.
3. Americans like basenjis because they are .
A. pleasant B. pretty C. clean D. quiet
4. In what way are basenjis like cats?
A. They make gentle sounds instead of barking.
B. They are fond of people and look like cats.
C. They clean themselves all over.
D. They have short, silky fur.
5. Basenjis are good hunters because they are .
A. strong B. fearless C. the right colour D. the right weight
O. Henry was a pen name used by an American writer of short stories. His real name was william Sydney Porter. He was born in North Carolina in 1862. As a young boy he lived an exciting life. He did not go to school for very long, but he managed to teach himself everything he needed to know. When he was about 20 years old, Henry went to Texas, where he tried different jobs. He first worked on a newspaper, and then had a job in a bank When some money went missing from the bank, O. Henry was believed to have stolen it. Because of that, he was sent to prison. During the three years in prison, he learned to write short stories. After he got out of prison, he went to New York and continued writing. He wrote mostly about New York and the life of the poor there. People liked his stories, because simple as the tales were they would finish with a sudden change at the end to the reader’s surprise.
1.In which order did O. Henry do the following things?
a. lived in New York b. worked in a bank c. travelled to Texas d. was put in prison e. had a newspaper f. learned to write stories
(A)e.c.f.b.d.a. (B)c.b.e.d.a.f. (C)e.b.d.c.a.f (D)c.e.b.d.f.a.
2.People enjoyed reading O. Henry’s stories because ____.
(A)they had surprise ending (B)they were easy to understand
(C)they showed his love for the poor (D)they were about New York City
3.O.Henry went to prison because ____.
(A)people thought he had stolen money from the newspaper
(B)people thought he had taken money that was not his
(C)he wanted to write stories about prisoners
(D)he broke the law by not using his own name
4.What do you know about O. Henry before he began writing?
(A)He was well-educated (B)He was very good at learning
(C)he was devoted to the poor (D)He was not serious about his work
5.Where did O. Henry get most material for his short stories?
(A)His life inside the prison (B)The newspaper articles he wrote
(C)The city and people of New York (D)His exciting early life as a boy
An ape has a larger brain than any animal except man, though it is much smaller than a man’s brain. Apes all belong to the hot countries of the world—tropical Africa and South—east Asia.
The gorilla is the largest of the apes. He is as tall as six feet when standing upright. Many people think that gorillas are very fierce. They are often described as standing upright like a man, beating their fists and roaring. In their home, in the forests of Cetral Africa, however, they are not at all like this, They are peaceful animals and never use their great strength unless attacked. Even then, they retreat if they can.
Gorillas have black faces and long, black, hairy coats. They feed during the day on plants and fruit. At night the old male often sleeps on the ground at the foot of a tree, while the others each make a sleeping platform in the tree bending the leafy branches. Besides this, gorillas climb trees very seldom.
1. Apes live in .
A. different parts of the world B. the cold countries
C. South America and Africa D. the countries of Africa and South—east Asia
2. An ape’s brain is .
A. as large as a man’s brain B. a lot smaller than a man’s brain
C. larger than that of any other animal including man D. a lot larger than a man’s brain
3. A gorilla is about six feet tall when he .
A. stands on his legs B. stand on his arms
C. roars D. uses his great strength
4. All gorillas live on .
A. vegetables B. leaves and grass C. plants and fruit D. rice
5. During the night gorilla usually sleep in trees except .
A. the old female gorilla B. the old male gorilla
C. the young gorillas up to six years old D. the baby gorillas
Sam and Joe were astronauts. There was once a very dangerous trip and the more experienced astronauts knew there was only a small chance of coming back alive (活着). Sam and Joe, however, thought it would be exciting though a little dangerous. “we’re the best men for the job,” they said to the boss. “There may be problems, but we can find the answers.” “They’re the last people I’d trust,” thought the boss. “But all the other astronauts have refused to go.”
Once they were in space, Joe had to go outside to make some repairs. When the repairs were done, he tried to get back inside the spaceship. But the door was locked. He knocked but there was no answer. He knocked again, louder this time, and again no answer came. Then he hit the door as hard as he could and finally a voice said, “Who’s there?” “It’s me! Who else could it be?” shouted Joe. Sam let him in all right but you can imagine that Joe never asked to go on a trip with Sam again!
1. Most of the astronauts were unwilling to go on a trip because .
A. there was little chance of being selected B. they weren’t experienced enough
C. they thought they might get killed D. it wasn’t exciting enough
2. Why were Sam and Joe chosen?
A. The boss wanted them to get more experience.
B. The boss trusted them more than anyone else.
C. They were the last people who wanted to go.
D. They were the only men who offered to go.
3. What did Sam and Joe think the trip would be like?
A. There would be serious problems . B. There wouldn’t be any danger .
C. It would be long and tiring. D. It would be exciting .
4. Joe didn’t want to work with Sam again probably because he thought Sam .
A. was very slow and possibly deaf B. didn’t know how to operate the door
C. was less experienced than he was D. didn’t know how to do repairs
5. The writer tells this story to .
A. show the dangerous side of the astronauts’ life
B. show the funny side of the astronauts’ life
C. make people laugh
D. make people think
Moscow, Russia (Space news)—“The computer is a better chess player,” insisted Viktor Prozorov, the loser. “It seemed as if it were laughing after every good move. I know I should have beaten it for the sake of mankind (为人类着想), but I just couldn’t win,” he announced and shook his head sadly.
Prozorov’s disappointment was shared by several grand masters who were present, some of whom were so upset that they shouted at the machine. Many chess players said that this meant the end of chess championships (锦标赛) around the world, since the fun had been taken out of the game.
The computer walked—or rather, rolled—away with 5,000 dollars in prize money and limited its remarks to a set of noises and lights.
1. Which of the following best gives the main idea of this newspaper article?
A. 5,000 dollars goes to a computer ! B. New invention, a laughing computer !
C. World’s best chess player beaten! D. Computer defeats man in chess !
2. How did some of the grand masters feel about the chess game between Prozorov and the computer?
A. They thought that the game was no fun.
B. They thought that the game wasn’t fair.
C. They agreed that Prozorov didn’t play well.
D. They were unhappy that the computer had won.
3. What was it that Prozorov felt most bitter (懊恼) about?
A. That he didn’t win the $ 5,000. B. That he hadn’t tried his best.
C. That he had lost to a machine. D. That this was the end of the chess game.
4. After winning the game, the computer .
A. laughed B. walked away
C. made some remarks D. gave out some lights and sounds
5. Many chess players felt that playing with a computer would .
A. make the game tougher B. make the game less interesting
C. make man appear foolish D. make man lose lots of money
“I would almost rather see you dead,” Robert S. Cassatt, a leading banker (银行家) of Philadelphia, shouted when his twenty-year-old eldest daughter announced that she wanted to become an artist. In the 19th century, playing at drawing or painting on dishes was all right for a young lady, but serious work in art was not. And when the young lady’s family ranked among (跻身于) the best of Philadelphia’s social (社交界的) families, such an idea could not even be considered.
That was how Mary Cassatt, born 1844, began her struggle as an artist. She did not tremble before her father’s anger. Instead, she opposed (抗拒) him with courage and at last made him change his mind. Mary Cassatt gave up her social position (社会地位) and all thought of a husband and a family, which in those times was unthinkable for a young lady. In the end, after long years of hard work and perseverance (坚持), she became America’s most important woman artist and the internationally recognized leading woman painter of the time.
1. How did Mr. Cassatt react (反应) when his daughter made her announcement?
A. He feared for her life. B. He was very angry.
C. He nearly killed her. D. He warned her.
2. What in fact was Mr. Cassatt’s main reason in opposing his daughter’s wish?
A. Drawing and painting was simply unthinkable among ladies in those days.
B. He did not believe his daughter wanted to work seriously in art.
C. He believed an artist’s life would be too hard for his daughter.
D. Ladies of good families simply did not become artists in those times.
3. What made Mary Cassatt’s “struggle” to become a recognized artist especially hard?
A. She was a woman. B. Her father opposed her.
C. She had no social position. D. She did not come from an artist’s family.
4. What do we know about Mary Cassatt’s marriage (婚姻)?
A. Her marriage failed because she never gave a thought to her husband and family.
B. She never married because she did not want to be just a wife and mother.
C. After marriage she decide to give up her husband rather than her career(事业).
D. She did not marry because for a lady of her social position to marry below her was unthinkable.
5. What do we know about Robert Cassatt’s character from the text?
A. He was a cruel man B. He was a stubborn(固执的) man
C. He knew nothing about art D. He knew little about his daughter
6. What do we know about Mary Cassatt’s character?
A. She was brave in going against old ideas
B. She got tired of always obeying her father
C. She hated playing at drawing and painting
D. She did not mind being poor at all
7. As we learn from the text, which of the following was generally considered the most important in the life of a woman in the U.S. in Mary Cassatt’s times?
A. Money B. Career C. Marriage D. Courage
Annealing is a way of making metal softer by heating it and then letting it cool very slowly. If metal is heated and then cooled very quickly, for example by dipping (浸) it in water, it will be very hard but also very brittle (脆) that is, it will break easily. Metal that has been annealed is soft but does not break as easily. It is possible to make metal as hard or as soft as is wished, by annealing it. The metal is heated, and allowed to cool slowly for a certain length of time. The longer the heated metal takes to cool slowly, the softer it becomes. Annealing can also be used on other material, such as glass.
1. Annealing can make metal .
A.hardand tough(韧) B. hard but brittle C. soft but tough D. soft and brittle
2. Why do people put hot metal in water?
A.Tomake it hard B. To make it soft. C. To make it cool. D. To make it brittle.
3. In annealing, the required hardness of a metal depend on .
A. the quantity of water used B. the temperature of the metal
C. the softness of the metal D. the timing of the operation
4. As suggested by the text, how can glass be made less brittle?
A. It can be heated an then cooled quickly. B. It can be cooled and then heated slowly.
C. It can be heated and then cooled slowly. D. It can be cooled and then heated quickly.
A well-known old man was being interviewed (采访) and was asked if it was correct that he had just celebrated his ninety—ninth birthday.
“That’s right.”said the old man. “Ninety—nine years old, and I haven’t an enemy in the world. They’re all dead.”
“Well, sir,”said the interviewer, “I hope very much to have the honour of interviewing you on your hundredth birthday.”
The old man looked at the young man closely, and said, “I can’t see why you shouldn’t. You look fit and healthy to me!”
1. The old man said he had not an enemy in the world, which shows that he was a very .
A. friendly man he never made any enemies
B. healthy man he lived longer than all his enemies
C. lucky man his enemies had all died
D. terrible man he had got rid of all his enemies
2. When the interviewer said that he hoped very much to have the honour of interviewing the old man again the following year, .
A. he was trying to make the old man happy
B. he wished he himself would live another year
C. he did not believe the old man would live to be one hundred
D. he did not believe he would interview the old man again
3. When the old man said “I can’t see why you shouldn’t”, what he meant was：
A. “You must try to live another year to interview me again next year.”
B. “Of course, you can see me again since you’re so fit and healthy.”
C. “If I live to a hundred years, you should interview me again.”
D. “Unless you live another year, you wouldn’t be able to interview me again.”
4. What kind of man would you say the old man was?
A. He was silly. B. He was unpleasant.
C. He was very proud and sure of his health. D. He was very impolite to young people.
Joe and Helen Mills had two small children. One was six and the other four. They always resisted going to bed, and Helen was always complaining (抱怨) about this and asking Joe for help. But as he did not come home until after they had gone, to bed during the week, he was unable to help except at weekends.
Joe considered himself a good singer, but really his voice was not at all musical. However, he decided that, if he sang to the children when they went to bed, it would help them to relax, and they would soon go to sleep.
He did this every Saturday and Sunday night until he heard his small son whispered to his younger sister, “If you pretend that you’re asleep, he stops.”
1. The children always resisted going to bed, which .
A. made Helen suffer a lot B. satisfied their mother
C. Helen was not satisfied with D. gave Helen much trouble
2. The husband couldn’t help the wife to look after the children .
A. because he returned from work too late B. since his voice sounded like a singer’s
C. except on Saturday and Sunday
D. for he did not come home until after the children had gone to bed weekends
3. Joe worked .
A. all the week including Saturday and Sunday
B. during the week including the weekends
C. every day but Saturday and Sunday
D. every week except on Sunday
4. Which of the following conclusions can we draw from the above story?
A. Joe’s song did help the children to relax.
B. With Joe’s help, the children went to sleep.
C. The wife must be thankful to her husband for the great help.
D. The children were so tired of their father’s voice that they pretended to be asleep.
5. This joke tells about .
A. Joe and Helen B. Helen’s trouble
C. Joe’s foolery D. the bright idea of the two small children
Arli has learnt how to type for several years. Still, he types rather slowly, and he can only spell out words of four letters or less. But Arli is doing quite well for a dog.
He is black, white, and brown. He uses a special typewriter it has shallow bowl—like keys that are about two inches wide. His owner calls out the letter, the dog hits the keys with this nose.
Arli does very well at typing “good dog”. But he seems to have a bit of trouble when he is asked to spell out “bad dog”.
1. Arli is the name of .
A. a typist(打字员) B. a child C. a dog D. a man
2. The main purpose of the story is to tell us that Arli is .
A. a very bad typist B. unusually clever
C. a very good typist D. slow and not clever
3. How do you think Arli learned to type?
A. He was helped to do it by a dog . B. He did it with the help of his master .
C. He started doing it naturally several years ago. D. He did it for a living .
4. The writer tells us that Arli’s typewriter .
A. has only a small number of keys B. is smaller than an ordinary typewriter
C. is larger than an ordinary typewriter D. sometimes gives you a bit of trouble
Schools and parents in Shenzhen City have been asked to take better care of children’s eyesight as 45 percent of them, were found to be shortsighted. Too much reading, poor lighting and too much TV are blamed. Of the city’s high school graduates. who applied to attend college this summer, two—thirds had to have their choices limited because of poor eyesight, Shenzhen Special Zone (特区) Daily said.
1. This piece of news was reported by .
A. People’s Daily B. Shenzhen Special Zone Daily
C. school in Shenzhen City D. parents in Shenzhen City
2. The purpose of this passage is to .
A. criticize children who are shortsighted
B. blame parents and schools for children’s being shortsighted
C. ask the high school graduates to pay attention to their eyesight
D. draw people’s special attention to eye hygiene(卫生)
3. Only of the children in Shenzhen City have good eyesight.
A. 45 percent B. less than half C. 55 percent D. two—thirds
4. Generally speaking, high school students have eyesight than primary school students.
A. poorer B. still better C. poor D. brighter
5. Because of being shortsighted many school graduates .
A. weren’t allowed to enter college B. couldn’t graduate from high school
C. couldn’t choose to study what they liked best D. lost their limited time
6. In order to protect their eyes, children shouldn’t .
A. read books B.wear glasses C. make their eyes too tired D. see things far away
SINGAPORE-Another Thai worker died in his sleep last Friday, the second such death in the past three days and the 10th since the beginning of the year. Thongehai Sombattra, 22, is said to be the youngest to have died mysteriously this year. A total of 10 young Thai construction workers in their late 20s and 30s who appeared well and healthy when they went to bed have died since the beginning of this year. They were either found dead in the morning or had died suddenly in the middle on the night after some difficulty in breathing.
From China Daily, March 19,1990
1. According to the passage ______.
A. Ten people died mysteriously during the last three days
B. Two people died mysteriously during the last three days
C. Two people have died mysteriously since the beginning of the year
D. Ten people died mysteriously before last Friday
2. During the past three days, Thongchai Sombattra died last Friday, the other passed away ______.
A. last Monday B. last Thursday C. last Thursday D. last Sunday
3. Thongchai Sombattra, who died mysteriously, _______.
A. was aged 22 B. was in his mid twenties
C. was not more than 20 years old D. was nearly 30 years old
4. Besides Thongchai Sombattra, the others could be _______.
A. from 25 years old to 38 years old B. from 20 years old to 39 years old
C. from 21 years old to 39 years old D. from 29 years old to 38 years old
5. ______ caused the ten Thai construction workers’ death.
A. An unexpected accident B. High blood pressure
C. Heart trouble D. Something that was unknown
The man sitting opposite Robert was the Financial Controller. Everybody called him “the FC” for short. He made all the decisions about money. Robert needed some more. That was why he had to see him. The two men did not get on very well. In fact, they had always disliked each other.
“Your request is out of the question,” the FC said. Robert had difficulty in controlling himself, but he managed somehow. He explained that he wanted the money in order to make more programmes.
“And why do you want to do that?” the FC asked sharply. Again, Robert almost lost his temper. “Because more and more people are listening to my department’s programmes. There’s great demand for them,” he answered.
The FC did not seem to believe him. But Robert had a report on the numbers of listeners to all EBC programmes. The FC became less confident (自信). Robert threw the report down on the table and told him to read it.
The FC looked at it in silence. The figures (数字) proved that he had been wrong, but he did not want to admit it. “Well,”he finally said, “I may have made a small mistake.”Robert noticed the word “may.” He got up to leave. But he had the feeling that he would get the money after all.
1. In the story the Financial Controller was a person who was in charge of
A. Robert’s department’s programmes. B. EBC programmes.
C. EBC money. D. both B and C.
2. “Your request is out of the question.”Here “out of the question”means
A. without any questionB. with some question. C. impossible. D. possible.
3. Robert decided to make more programmes because
A. he wanted to meet the needs of the listeners.
B. “the FC”disliked him
C. the members of his department wanted him to do so.
D. he wanted to show himself off.
4. Why were more and more people listening to Robert’s programmes?
A. Because he always lost his temper (脾气).
B. Because he disliked “the FC.”
C. Because the programmes were rich and to the taste of the listeners.
D. We don’t know.
5. Who do you think won the argument(争论)in the end?
A. The Financial Controller. B. Robert. C. Nobody. D. The listeners.
Not many years ago, a wealthy and rather strange old man named Johnson lived alone in a village in the south of England. He had made a lot of money in trading with foreign countries. When he was seventy—five, he gave £ 12,000 to the village school to buy land and equipment (设备) for a children’s playground.
As a result of his kindness, many people came to visit him. Among them was a newspaperman. During their talk, Johnson remarked that he was seventy-five and expected to live to be a hundred. The newspaperman asked him how he managed to be healthy at seventy—five. Johnson had a sense of humour (幽默). He liked whisky (威士忌酒) and drank some each day. “I have an injection (注射) in my neck each evening.”he told the newspaperman, thinking of his evening glass of whisky.
The newspaperman did not understand what Johnson meant. In his newspaper he reported that Johnson was seventy—five and had a daily injection in his neck. Within a week Johnson received thousands of letters from all over Britain, asking him for the secret of his daily injection.
1. Johnson became a rich man through
A. doing business. B. making whisky. C. cheating. D. buying and selling land.
2. The gift of money to the school suggests that Johnson
A. had no children. B. was a strange man.
C. was very fond of children. D. wanted people to know how rich he was.
3. Many people wrote to Johnson to find out
A. what kind of whisky he had. B. how to live longer.
C. how to become wealthy. D. in which part of the neck to have an injection.
4. The newspaperman
A. should have reported what Johnson had told him.
B. shouldn’t have asked Johnson what injection he had.
C. was eager to live a long life.
D. should have found out what Johnson really meant.
5. When Johnson said he had an injection in his neck each evening, he really meant that
A. he liked drinking a glass of whisky in the evening.
B. he needed an injection in the neck.
C. a daily injection in the evening would make him sleep well.
D. there was something wrong with his neck.
“I’m very tired from working here,”said Jean to her friend Kate,” I’m on my feet from morning to night. For the first quarter of the day, I clean up the counter (柜台) and set the tables. For the next quarter, I help in the kitchen. For the second half of my workday, I take orders at the counters.”
“Kate, I wish I had your job,”Jean went on. “For four hours you just sit at the cash register (收款台) taking in money.”
“But I spend two more hours in the kitchen (厨房) than you do,”said Kate. “It’s tiring to cook over a hot stove. I don’t think you’d really want my job. In fact, I’d like your job.”
1. Both Jean and Kate probably work in a
A. hotel B. library C. lab D. shop
2. How long did they work every day?
A. eight hours B. twelve hours. C. Ten hours D. Nine hours
3. How long did Kate spend in the kitchen?
A. a quarter day. B. A half day. C. One-third day. D. Three-fourths day.
4. From this passage we can see that
A. they are both interested in their work. B. their work is neither tiring nor busy.
C. both of them are tired of their work. D. they’ve decided to give up their work.
5. Give a proper proverb (谚语) to Jean and Kate.
A. It’s never too late to learn.
B. It’s no use crying over spilt milk.
C. The grass is always greener on the other side.
D. One swallow(燕子) does not make a summer.
In 1985 a French television company sent its reporters to the Paris Metro. They took cameras to see what passengers would do if they saw someone attached on the platform or in the trains. They acted out incidents. The incidents looked real but they were all done with the help of actors. However, very few people tried to help, and most passengers pretended not to notice. in one incident, a foreigner was attacked by three men. The attack was on a train which was quite full, and although one man tried to get the passengers to help, they all refused. It seems that such behaviour(行为) is not unusual, but the question is why? Is it a problem of big cities, or would the same thing happen anywhere? To discuss these questions, we have in the studio(演播室) Professor Wilson, who is an expert on the subject…
1. Who did the experiment?
A. A French television company. B. The Paris Metro.
C. The City Government of Paris. D. Professor Wilson.
2. What did the experiment try to find out?
A. How a foreigner was attacked on the train.
B. How passengers helped each other on the platform.
C. Passengers’ reactions towards incidents.
D. Actors’ performances during incidents.
3. What was the finding of the experiment?
A. Passengers helped a lot during incidents.
B. Very few foreigners were on the train.
C. Very few passengers tried to help during incidents.
D. Some people were good at acting on the train.
4. Who do the underlined words one man refer to?
A. One of the three men who attacked a foreigner.
B. One of the actors who took part in the experiment.
C. One of the passengers who were on the train.
D. One of the reporters who were sent to the Paris Metro.
The clock struck eleven at night. The whole house was quiet. Everyone was in bed except me. Under the strong light, I looked sadly before me at a huge pile of that troublesome stuff(东西) they call “books”.
I was going to have my examination the next day. “When can I go to bed?” I asked myself. I didn’t answer, In fact I dared not.
The clock struck twelve.” Oh, dear!” I cried. “Ten more books to read before I can go to bed!” We pupils are the most wretched creatures in the world. Dad does not agree with me on this. He did not have to work so hard when he was a boy.
The clock struck one. I was quite desperate(绝望的) now. I forgot all I had learned. I was too tired to go on. I did the only thing I could. I prayed, “Oh, God, please help me pass the exam tomorrow. I do promise to work hard afterwards, Amen.” My eyes were so heavy that I could hardly open them A few minutes later, with my head on the desk, I fell asleep.
1. When the author was going over his lessons, all the others in the house were .
A. asleep B. outside C. working in bed D. quietly laughing at him
2. He underlined word wretched in Paragraph 3 probably means .
A. very happy B. disappointed C. very unhappy D. hopeful
3. Reviewing his lessons didn’t help him because .
A. it was too late at night
B. he was very tired
C. his eyes lids were so heavy that he couldn’t keep them open
D. he hadn’t studied hard before the examination
4. What do you suppose happened to the author?
A. He went to a church to pray again B. He passed the exam by sheer luck
C. He failed in the exam D. He was punished by his teacher
5. The best title for the passage would be .
A. The Night Before the Examination B. Working Far into the Night
C. A Slow Student D. Going Over My Lessons
Douglas Grace talks about his ideal city of the future.
I see the city of the future in three zones(区域)---inner(内部), middle and outer. In the inner zone there will be no private(私人的) cars. Public transport(交通) will be free and there will only be ambulances(急救车), fire engines, taxis and police cars. This inner zone will be the residential(住宅的) and recreational(娱乐的) area of the city. People will live there and go out to enjoy themselves----to cinemas and restaurants. There will be parks and open spaces, trees and lakes, schools and universities. This way, when people are at home, they can go out easily and safely.
Just outside the inner zone there will be big car parks for all private cars.
The banks and most of the shops and hospitals will be in the middle zone. These are things that people don’t need every day.
All the factories and offices will be in the outer zone. People will travel out of the center to work, and back to the center in the evenings. The inner zone will be cleaner and better to live in and there will be more space for industry on the outside.
This is my ideal city of the future--- a very beautiful place! But I don’t really think things will ever be like that!
1. Where will people live and go out to enjoy themselves?
A. In the middle zone. B. In the inner zone.
C. In the outer zone. D. In the inner and middle zone.
2. Where will big car parks be?
A. Just outside the middle zone. B. Just inside the middle zone.
C. Just outside the inner zone. D. Just inside the inner zone.
3. What will be in the middle zone?
A. The banks, hospitals and schools.
B. The banks, hospitals and police stations.
C. The banks, schools and car parks.
D. The banks, hospital and most of the shops.
4. Where will the factories and offices be?
A. In the outer zone. B. In the middle zone.
C. In the inner zone. D. In the middle and inner zone.
5. Douglas Grace is probably .
A. a painter B. a builder C. a town planner D. an officer
6. Write these words in the zone where you will find them in Douglas Grace’s city
A==the inner zone B==outside the inner zone
C==the middle zone D==the outer zone
Hospital Office Bank Lake Cinema
School Park Car park Shops Factory
Baths and bothing have long been considered of medical importance to man. In Greece there are the ruins(废墟) of a water system(系统) for baths built over 3,000 years ago. The Romans had warm public baths. In some baths, as many 3,000 persons could bathe at the same time.
Treating disease by taking bathing has been popular for centuries. Modern medical bathing first became popular in Europe and by the late 1700’s has also become popular in the United States.
For many years frequent(经常的) bathing was believed to be bad for one’s health. Ordinary bathing just to keep clean was avoided(避免), and perfume was often used to cover up body smells!
By the 1700’s doctors began to say that soap and water were good for health. They believed that it was good for people to be clean. Slowly, people began to bathe more frequently. During the Victorian Age of the late 19th century, taking a bath on Saturday night became common.
In the United States ordinary bathing was slow to become popular. During the 18th and early 19th centuries, many Americans were know as “The Great Unwashed!” In one American city , for example, a person was only allowed to take a bathe every thirty days! That was a law!
Frequency of bathing today is partly a matter of habit. People know that bathing for cleanliness is important to health, Doctors know that dirty bodies increase the chance of diseases. As a result, in the United States, people generally bathe often. Some people bath once a day at least. They consider a daily bath essential (=necessary) to good health.
1. A water system for baths was built by over 3,000 years ago.
A. the Romans B. the Greeks C. the Americans D. the Europeans
2. Dirty bodies can .
A. ruin one’s business B. cause disease
C. drive customers away D. cause good health
3. In the 18th century doctors believed that being clean was .
A. unimportant B. good for health C. harmful D. important
4. The underlined word perfume probably means .
A. a sweet smelling substance B. good health
C. a strange smelling substance D. large wealth
5. Which of the following gives the main idea of the passage?
A. Everybody in America takes a daily bath.
B. A bath a day keeps the doctor away.
C. Taking baths has become popular in the world.
D. Bathing has become easier and cheaper.
One Sunday, Mark decided to go sailing in his boat with his friend Dan, but Dan happened to be away. Dan’s brother John offered to go instead though he did not know anything about sailing. Mark agreed and they set out to sea.
Soon they found themselves in a thick fog. Mark was sure they would be hit by a big ship. Fortunately he saw a large buoy (浮标) through the fog and decided to tie the boat to it for safety. As he was getting onto the buoy, however, he dropped the wet rope. The boat moved away in the fog carrying John, Who did not know how to use the radio. He drifted (漂流) about and was not seen until twelve hours later.
Mark spent the night on the buoy. In the early morning he fell asleep. He was having a bad dream when a shout woke him up. A ship, the Good Hope, came up and he climbed onto it and thanked the captain. The captain told him that John had been picked up by another ship and the ship’s captain had sent out a message. “Without the message I would not have found you on the buoy,” he said.
1. Why didn’t Mark and Dan go sailing together?
A. Dan asked his brother to go instead B. Dan was in some other place
C. Mark was in some other place D. Mark would like to go with John
2. Mark tried to tie the boat to the buoy so that .
A. he could spend the night on it while John was looking for help
B. he and John could go sailing again when the fog cleared
C. it wouldn’t be hit by other ships
D. he might be picked up by a passing ship
3. John and Mark became separated because .
A. there wasn’t room for both John and Mark on the buoy
B. John couldn’t control the boat and drifted away
C. Mark thought it safe to stay on the buoy but John didn’t
D. John had to stay in the boat to radio for help
4. What made it possible for Mark to be found on the buoy?
A. John told people where to look for him.
B. John radioed to the Good Hope to get him.
C. He shouted when he caught sight of the Good Hope.
D. The captain saw him as the fog cleared.
5. The word he in the last sentence refers to .
A. the captain that got the message B. the captain that sent the message
C. John D. Mark
High in the Swiss Alps many years ago, there lived a lonely shepherd boy who longed for a friend to share his evenings. One night he saw three old men, each holding a glass.
The first old man said： “Drink this liquid and you shall be victorious in battle.”
The second old man said： “Drink this liquid and you shall have countless riches.”
The last old man said： “I offer you the happiness of music----- the horn(号角).”
The boy chose the third glass, The next day, he came upon a great horn, ten feet in length, When he put his lips to it, a beautiful melody(旋律) floated across the valley. He had found a friend.
So goes the legend(传说) of the horn, First known in the ninth century, the horn was used by herdsmen(牧人) to call cattle, for its deep tones echoed(发出回声) across the mountainsides. Even today, on a quiet summer evening, its music can be heard floating among the peaks(山顶).
1. What detail about the shepherd boy does the passage tell us?
A. His lonely job B. His age, C. His name D. His singing ability
2. Why did the boy choose to drink the glass offered by the last old man?
A. The boy liked the old man. B. The boy didn’t like the other old man.
C. The boy loved music. D. The boy was thirsty.
3. After the shepherd boy found the horn, he discovered it was _____.
A. stolen from someone else B. very easy to carry with him
C impossible to play D. like a new-found friend
4. Today the horn is heard in the Swiss Alps _____.
A. when it snows B. in summer C. when it rains D only in winter
5. Which of the following would be the best title for the passage?
A. The Hobbies of Shepherd Boys B. The Legend of the Horn
C. The History of the Swiss Alps D. The Dreams of Shepherd Boys
A pretty, well—dressed young lady stopped a taxi in a big square, and a said to the driver, “Do you see that young man at the other side of the square?”
“Yes,” said the taxi driver. The young man was standing outside a restaurant and looking impatiently (不耐烦地) at his watch every few seconds.
“Take me over there,”said the young lady.
There were a lot of cars and buses in the square, so the taxi driver asked, “Are you afraid to cross the street?”
“Oh, no!” said the young lady. “But I promised that I would meet the young man for lunch at one o’ clock, and it is now a quarter to two. If I arrive in a taxi, it will at least seems as if I had tried not to be late.”
1. How did the young woman get to the square?
A. She arrived in a taxi. B. She drove there in a car.
C. She got there by bus. D. The story doesn’t tell us.
2. Why did the lady stop the taxi?
A. Because she didn’t want to be late for her appointment(约会).
B. Because she wanted to get out of the taxi.
C. Because she wanted to go to the restaurant in it.
D. Because she was afraid of walking across the street.
3. The young man at the other side of the square
A. had probably been waiting for a long time.
B. had some problem with his watch.
C. was probably a waiter of the restaurant.
D. was someone the young lady didn’t want to see.
4. The young lady was
A. clever at making excuse. B. not late at all.
C. 45 minutes earlier. D. 15 minutes late.
5. Had she tried not to be late?
A. Yes, she had tried her best.
B. No, she was just pretending that she had tried.
C. Yes, she had tried but she was still late.
D. No, she thought being late was better than being early.
A very strict officer was talking to some new soldiers whom he had to train. He had never seen them before, so began, “My name is Stone, and I’m even harder than stone, so do what I tell you or there’ll be trouble. Don’t try any tricks (诡计) with me, and then we’ll get on well together.”
Then he went to each soldier one after the other and asked him his name, “Speak loudly so that everyone can hear you clearly,”he said, “and don’t forget to call me ‘sir’.”
Each soldier told him name, until he came to the last one. This man remained silent. and so Captain Stone shouted at him, “when I ask you a question, answer it! I’ll ask you again： What’s your name, soldier?”
The soldier was very unhappy, but at last he replied, “My name’s Stonebreaker, sir,” he said nervously (紧张地).
1. The officer was strict
A. because the soldiers were new. B. with any of his soldiers, new or old.
C. because he was named Stone. D. only when he was before soldiers.
2. According to what the officer said,
A. obeying his orders would sometimes bring no trouble.
B. trouble would come if anybody made tricks.
C. he always got on well with his soldiers.
D. he often had trouble with his soldiers.
3. The last soldier remained silent because
A. he didn’t like the way the officer spoke to them.
B. he wanted to see what would happen if he disobeyed his order.
C. the question was difficult for him to answer.
D. he was afraid the officer would be angry when he heard his name.
4. According to the officer, how to answer the question,“How old are you ?”
A. (sadly)Twenty, sir. B. (clearly)Twenty.
C. (loudly)Twenty, sir D. (quickly)Ten years younger than you, sir
5. Which is the best title (题目) for the passage?
A. A Clever Answer B. A Terrible Answer
C. A Sorry Answer D. A Strange Answer
Paul couldn’t sleep last night. He woke up early and sat up, and then he lay down again. He felt terrible. “I must be sick,” he thought. “but I must study for that test.”
He got up and looked for his history notebook. He finally found it under a pile of clothes on a chair. He went over his history notes, but he couldn’t remember any of the facts in the notes. “What shall I do?” he thought. He felt terrible.
Just then Paul’s telephone rang. He put down his notebook and picked up the telephone.
“Good morning,” Jack’s voice said, “You must be wrong about that test.”
“What do you mean?” Paul asked weakly.
“We’re not going to have the test today.” Jack said. “I wrote down the date in my notebook. The test will be next Wednesday; it isn’t today. How do you feel this morning?”
“Fine,” said Paul. “Just fine!” Suddenly he really felt fine.
1. Paul felt uneasy because he
A. was seriously ill. B. was too tired.
C. was worried about the coming test. D. couldn’t find his history notebook.
2. It seemed that Paul
A. was good at history. B. liked to study history.
C. lost interest in history. D. was ready for the history test.
3. What made Paul feel fine at once?
A. The telephone call. B. the coming test.
C. Jack’s notebook D. The fact that the test was not to be given that day.
4. “How do you feel this morning?” From this question we can see Jack
A. knew Paul. B. knew Paul very well.
C. wanted to help Paul with his history. D. would lend Paul his notebook..
5. We can guess from the passage that
A. Jack was as poor at history as Paul. B. Jack was as good at history as Paul.
C. Jack was better at history than Paul. D. Jack was poorer at history than Paul.
The Antarctica is a actually a desert. It is the only continent on the earth without a river or a lake.
The Antarctica is all ice all year round. The warmest temperature ever recorded (所记录的) there is zero, at the South Pole. Explorers (探险家) used to think that a place so cold would have a heavy snowfall. But less than ten inches of snow falls each year. That is less than half an inch of water. Ten times that much moisture (水份) falls in parts of the Sahara.
The little snow that falls in Antarctica never melts (融化). It continues to pile up deeper and deeper year after year and century after century. When the snow gets to be about eighty feet deep it is turned to ice by the weight of snow above it .
1. Antarctica is called a desert because it
A. is sandy. B. has the same temperature as a desert.
C. has little moisture and no lakes or rivers. D. there are no people there.
2. Antarctica has
A. ten times as much moisture as the Sahara.
B. the same amount of moisture as the Sahara.
C. about one—tenth of the moisture of the Sahara.
D. none of the above.
3. The snow in Antarctica is very deep because it
A. never stops falling. B. piles up year after year.
C. never melts. D. both B and C.
4. The snow turns to ice when
A. it gets wet. B. the next snowfall comes.
C. the temperature gets colder. D. the snow above it is heavy enough.
5. The best title (题目) for the passage is
A. A Strange Continent B. An Ice Continent
C. Snowfall at the South Pole D. The World’s Desert
Today I’ll be talking about the invention of the camera and photography. The camera is often thought to be a modern invention, but as early as 1727, a German physicist discovered that light darkens silver salt. Used as a camera, a big box was set up, and a small hole was cut in one side to let the light in; he made temporary pictures on the salt. Silver salt is still the base of the photographic film today. Then a French scientist made the first permanent (永久的) picture by using a special piece of metal which was covered with silver salt. A photograph he made in 1826 still exists.
The painter De Gear improved the process (制作法) by covering the metal also with placing the common salt which we can eat. This was in 1839, the official date of beginning of photographs. But the problem was the printing of the photographs. And it wasn’t until other scientists developed the kind of photographic paper we now use that good prints were possible and photography became truly modern. In the 1870’s, Matthew Bradey was able to take his famous pictures in American Civil War. In the 20’s of this century, Georges Mann of the United States simplified film developing (冲洗), and Dr Edward Lane invented the so—called ‘Instant Camera’ which uses self—developing film. If we say photography came into existence in 1839, it follows that it took more than 100 years for the camera to reach its present condition of technical refinement(密度).
1. What discovery was the basis of photography?
A. Light darkens silver salt. B. Light darkens natural salt.
C. Light darkens silver. D. Light darkens self--developing film
2. How was the first permanent picture made?
A. By making use of special paper. B. By adding common salt to silver salt.
C. By giving a slight colour to the silver salt. D. By using a special piece of metal.
3. What does the speaker regard as the official date of beginning of photography?
A. 1727 B. 1826 C. 1839 D. 1870
4. According to the speaker why is Matthew Bradey remembered today?
A. He was a soldier. B. He took war photographs.
C. He painted portraits. D. He designed a portable camera.
5. What did Doctor Edward Lane invent?
A. A cheap process of developing film at home.
B. A new kind of film.
C. An automatic printer.
D. An ‘instant camera’ that develops its own film.
The fiddler crab (蟹) is a living clock. It indicates(=shows) the time of day by the colour of its skin, which is dark by day and pale by night. The crab’s changing colour follows a regular twenty—four hour plan that exactly matches the daily rhythm (节奏) of the sun.
Does the crab actually keep time, or does its skin simply answer to the sun’s rays, changing colour according to the amount of light strikes it? To find out, biologists kept crabs in a dark room for two months. Even without daylight, the crab’s skin colour continued to change exactly on time.
This characteristic (特性) probably developed gradually in answer to the daily rising and setting of the sun, to help protect the crab from sunlight and enemies. After millions of years it has become completely regulated (受控制) inside the living body of the crab.
The biologists noticed that once each day the colour of the fiddler crab is especially dark, and that each day this happens fifty minutes later than on the day before. From this they discovered that each crab follows not only the rhythm of the sun but also that of the tides (潮水). The crab’s period of greatest darkening is exactly the time of low tide on the beach where it was cought!
1. The fiddler crab is like a clock because it changes colour ______.
A in a regular 24—hour rhythm B. in answer to the sun’s rays
C. at low tide D. every fifty minutes
2. The crab’s changing colour ______.
A. tells the crab what time it is B. protects the crab from the sunlight and enemies
C. keeps the crab warm D. is of no real use
3. When the fiddler crabs were kept in the dark , they ______.
A. did not change colour B. changed colour more quickly
C. changed colour more slowly D. changed colour on the same timetable
4. The crab’s colour—changing ability was probably developed ______.
A. in the process of evolution (进化) B. over millions of years
C. by the work of biologists D. both A and B
5. The best title for this selection would be ______.
A. The Sun and the Tides B. Discoveries in Biology
C. A scientific Study D. A Living Clock
Everyone knows what a needle is. Of course there are needles and needles, Needles for sewing machines, needles for injection(注射), you name it. But few people think of the wonder a needle works in the hands of those who practice acupuncture(针刺疗法).
During the past ten years of so, I have been suffering from terrible headache. It seems to be getting from bad to worse these days . Last night I got a sudden pain in my head. It was so terrible that I could hardly bear(忍受)it. Although I swallowed all kinds of pain-killers(止痛药), I didn’t feel any better, It seemed that there was nothing I could do but phone for a doctor.
One of our neighbours happened to be with us. He was not a doctor, but he timidly(胆怯地) offered his help, saying “Do you mind if I tried acupuncture on you? These needles may possibly do you some good.” I agreed. In a moment, he had taken out a few needles from his purse. Without a moment’s delay, he fixed a few needles into the skin on my head here and there, Before long, I felt thoroughly relieved(缓解疼痛).
Just then, the doctor sped through my house and said, “Where is our patient?”
“Sorry, Doctor, You are too late, It’s killed!” I answered in delight.
It’s miracle , isn’t it?
1. The underlined word name in the first paragraph means to
A. give a name to the needles B. name as many kinds of needle as you can think of
C. call the needles by the name of needles D. say the name of a needle
2. The underlined phrase from bad to worse in the second paragraph refers to the man’s
A. character B. life C. headache D. health
3. Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage?
A. the neighbour fixed needles on his own head
B. The neighbour is a kind-hearted person.
C. The man’s pain was killed before the doctor arrived
D. Soon after the acupuncture, the man was completely recovered.
4. The sentences” You are too late. It’s killed .” mean that
A. the pain was killed because the doctor came late
B. the man was killed because the doctor came too late
C. before the doctor came the man’s headache was already cured
D. it was too late and the man had gone way
5. The passage tells us that .
A. everyone knows that acupuncture is a miracle
B. the neighbour wanted to use acupuncture on every patient
C. the effect of acupuncture on the man was unbelievable
D. the patient did not believe in acupuncture
People used to say, “The hand that rocks (摇) the cradle (摇篮) rules the world.” and “Behind every successful man there is a woman.”
Both these sayings mean the same thing. Men rule the world, but their mothers and wives rule them..
Most American women wish to make their husbands and sons successful, but some of them want more for themselves. They want good jobs. When they work they want to be better paid. They want to be as successful as men.
The American women’s liberation movement was started by women who didn’t want to stand behind successful men. They wanted to stand beside men, with the same chance for success. They refused to work side by side with men who do the same work for a higher pay.
A liberated woman must be proud of being a woman and have confidence (自信) in herself. If somebody says to her, “You have come a long way, baby.” she will smile and answer, “Not nearly as far as I’m going to go, baby!”
This movement is quite new, and many American women don’t agree yet. But it has already made some important changes in women’s lives--- in men’s lives, too.
1. “Behind every successful man there is a woman” means_______.
A. men are always successful but not women
B. women are not willing to stand in front of men
C. women do play an important part in men’s lives and work
D. women can be as successful as men
2. Which of the following is NOT true?
A. Some American women want to work side by side with men and get the same pay for
the same work.
B. Most American women want to be more successful than men.
C. Not every American woman wants to get a job.
D. The American women’s liberation movement did make some changes in women’s lives.
3. According to the passage, many American women today are ________。
A. still going a long way to work
B. working at easier jobs than men
C. unwilling to work side by side with men
D. willing to be less important than men as they used to
4. “Not nearly as far as I’m going to go”means ______.
A. I’m still going to work farther away from home
B. I’m not going to work far away from home
C. I’m not satisfied with what I’ve done
D. What I have done is not far from success
5. The American women’s liberation movement ________.
A. have still a long way to go B. is a failure
C. was started by many successful women D. is a new thing not accepted by the writer
The home computer industry has been growing rapidly in the United States for the last ten years . Computers used to be large, expensive machines that were very difficult to use . But scientists and technicians have been making them smaller and cheaper while at the same time they have been made easier to use. As a result, their popularity has been increasing as more people have been buying computers for their homes and businesses. Computers have been designed to store information and compute problems that are difficult for human beings to work out. Some have voices that speak with the operators. Stores use computers to keep records of their inventories(库存货物) and to send bills to their customers(顾客) . Offices use computers to copy letters, record business and keep in touch with other offices. People have been using computers in their homes to keep track of the money they spend.
One important new use for computers is for entertainment(娱乐). Many new games have been designed to be played on the computers. People of all ages have been playing these games, People also have been buying home computers to play computer games, watch movies and listen to concerts at home. They have become very popular indeed.
1. Computers used to _____.
A. work rapidly B. be large and expensive
C. be easy to use D. be used for fun
2. In recent years , computers are being made ______.
A. larger and more expensive B. smaller and cheaper
C. more difficult to use D. to work more slowly
3. Home computers can be used for ______.
A. writing letters B. playing games C. doing business D. all of the above
4. Salesmen use computers mainly to ______.
A. check the list of goods and materials that are kept in the store house
B. play games for pleasure
C. talk with their friends
D. write letters
5. The best title for the passage would be _______.
A. New Uses For Computers B. The Popularity of Home Computers
C. The Home Computer Industry D. Computers At Home
Hank Viscardi was born without legs. He had—not legs but stumps(残肢) that could he fitted with a kind of special boots, People stared at him with cruel interest. Children laughed at him and called him ‘Ape Man’ (猿人) because his arms practically dragged on the ground.
Hank went to school like other boys. His grades were good and he needed only eight years to finish his schooling instead of the usual twelve. After graduating from school, he worked his way through college. He swept floors, waited on table, or worked in one of the college offices. During all this busy life, he had been moving around on his stumps. But one day the doctor told him even the stumps were not going to last much longer. He would soon have to use a wheel chair.
Hank felt himself got cold all over. However, the doctor said there was a chance that he could be fitted with artificial legs(假腿). Finally a leg maker was found and the day came when Hank stood up before the mirror, For the first time he saw himself as he has always wanted to be——a full five feet eight inches tall. By this time he was already 26 years old.
Hank had to learn to use his new legs. Again and again he marched the length of the room , and marched back again. There were times when he fell down on the floor, but he pulled himself up and went back to the endless marching. He went out on the street. He climbed stairs and learned to dance. He built a boat and learned to sail it.
When World War II came , he talked the Red Cross into giving him a job. He took the regular training. he marched and drilled along with the other soldiers. Few knew that he was legless. This was the true story of Hank Viscardi, a man without legs.
1. Children laughed at Hank and called him ‘Ape Man’ because ______.
A. he didn’t talk to them
B. he kept away from them
C. his arms touched the ground when he moved
D. he couldn’t use his arms
2. It can be inferred from the story that five feet eight inches tall is ______.
A. an average height for a fully grown person B. too tall for an average person
C. too short for an average person D. none of the above
3. The sentence “he talked the Red Cross into giving him a job” implies that the Red Cross _____.
A. was only glad to give him a job
B. gave him a job because he was a good soldier
C. gave him a job after he talked to someone whom he knew in the organization
D. was not willing to give him a job at first
4. When Hank marched and drilled along with the other soldiers, he ______.
A. did everything the other soldiers did
B. did most of the things the other soldiers did
C. did some of the things the other soldiers did
D. took some special training
5. The writer suggests that Hank Viscardi _______.
A. had no friends B. never saw himself as different from others
C. was very shy D. was too proud to accept help from others
In the United States, when one becomes rich, he wants people to know it. And even if he does not become very rich, he wants people to think that he is. That is what ‘keeping up with the Joneses’ is about, It is the story of someone who tried to look as rich as his neighbours.
The expression was first used in 1913 by a young American called Arthur Momand. He told this story about himself. He began earning $ 125 a week at the age of 23. That was a lot of money in those days. He got married and moved with his wife to a very wealthy neighbourhood outside New York City. When he saw that rich people rode horses, Momand went horseback riding every day. When he saw that rich people had servants. Momand and his wife also hired a servant and gave big parties for their new neighbours.
It was like a race, but one could never finish this race because one was always trying to keep up. The race ended for Momand and his wife when they could no longer pay for their new way of life. They moved back to an apartment(公寓房间) in New York City.
Momand looked around him and noticed that many people do things just to keep up with rich life--style of their neighbours. He saw the funny side of it and started to write a series (系列) of short stories, He called it ‘Keeping up with the Joneses’ because ‘Jones’ is a very common name in the United States.’ Keeping up with the Joneses’ came to mean keeping up with rich lifestyle of the people around you. Momand’s series appeared in different newspapers across the country for over 28 years.
People never seem to get tired of keeping up with the Joneses. And there are ‘Jonses’ in every city of the world. But one must get tired of trying to keep up with the Joneses because no matter what one does, Mr. Jones always seems to be ahead.
1. Some people want to keep up with the Joneses because they ______.
A. want to be as rich as their neighbours
B. want others to know or to think that they are rich
C. don’t want others to know they are rich
D. want to be happy
2. It can be inferred from the story that rich people like to ________.
A. live outside New York City B. live in New York City
C. live in apartments D. have many neighbours
3. The underlined word neighbourhood in the second paragraph means ________.
A. a person who lives near another B. people living in an area
C. an area near the place referred to D. an area in another town or city
4. Arthur Momand used the name ‘Jones’ in his series of short stories because’ Jones’ is ________.
A. an important name B. a popular name in the United States
C. his neighbour’s name D. not a good name
5. According to the writer, it is to keep up with the Joneses.
A. correct B. interesting C. impossible D. good
Precipitation, commonly referred to as rainfall(降雨量), is a measure of the quantity of water in the form of either rain, hall(雹子), or snow which reaches the ground, The average annual(每年的) precipitation over the whole of the United States is thirty-six inches. It should be understood, however, that a foot of snow is not equal to a foot of precipitation. A general formula(公式) for computing the precipitation of snowfall(降雪量) is that thirty-- eight inches of snow is equal to one inch of precipitation. In New York State, for example, seventy-six inches of snow in one year would be recorded as only two inches of precipitation. The total annual precipitation Forty inches of rain would be recorded as forty inches of precipitation. The total annual precipitation would be recorded as forty-two inches.
1. The word “precipitation” includes _____.
A. only rainfall B. rain, hail, and snow
C. rain, snow, and fog D. rain, snow, and ice
2. What is the average annual rainfall in inches in the United States?
A. Thirty-six inches B. Thirty-eight inches
C. Forty inches D. Forty-two inches
3. If a state has 152 inches of snow in a year. by how much does this increase the annual precipitation?
A. By two feet B. By four inches C, By four feet D. By 152 inches
4. Another word which is often used in place of precipitation is ______.
A. wetness B. snowfall C. rainfall D. dryness
Driving a car at high speed along a highway seems to be fun. You need only to follow the bright traffic(交通) signs beside the highways and it will take you to where you wish.
But to a London taxi driver, driving is not an easy job. A taxi driver has to have not only good driving skills but also a good knowledge of the city of a London, from the smallest lane(小巷) to the most popular bar(酒吧) around. He has to be at the service of all kinds of passengers at all times.
A certain London taxi driver told of his job as follows.
During the night it is quite usual for him to stop two or three times for some refreshments (点心). He said. “I never drink when I’m working ---- I would lose my licence(执照).”
He normally goes home between 2 and 3 O’clock in the night, There are times he has to stay longer and try to make more runs. He said, “That’s the worst thing about working for yourself. If you don’t make the money , no one is going to give it to you.”
London taxi drivers not only ‘take’ but also ‘give’ , Every summer hundreds of children from London will go for a day at the sea--- by taxi! Their rides are paid by the taxi drivers, and these fares(车费) all go to the ‘London Taxi Fund for Underprivileged Children.’ At the sea. they are met by the mayor, and a lunch party is also held in honour of the taxi drivers and the children. After a happy day running around the sea beaches and visiting the market, the children go home again-- by taxi, and free of charge, of course!
1. To be a London driver is not easy because ______.
A. he has to follow the bright traffic signs
B. he has to have good driving skills and know all the places in the city
C. he has to serve all kinds of passengers at all times
D. both B. and C
2. The London taxi drivers _______.
A. work hard because on one would give them money for doing nothing
B. never stop driving in the city
C. only work between 2 and 3 o’clock in the night
D. are very rich
3. The author of the passage says that _______.
A. the taxi driver works longer than is necessary
B. the more runs the taxi driver makes, the more he gets
C. the taxi driver doesn’t like to work for others
D. the taxi drivers in the city not only take money but also give money
4. London taxi driver _______.
A. take money because they have to pay for the children’s ride
B. go to the sea for a day in the summer
C. pay the fares for the poor children to the sea for a day once every year
D. give the poor children a free ride for a day at the sea once every year
5. The underlined words Underprivileged Children mean children _______.
A. of low income families B. who like to travel in taxi
C. who wish to go to sea but have no money D. from London
People living in the country enjoy several advantages that people living in the city cannot enjoy.
They are in close contact (接触) with nature. They make friends with trees and stones. owns can dogs. They breathe fresh air. They fight with strong winds. They listen to the song of birds.
This contact with nature is good for health. There are many diseases that are common in the city, but are not to be found in the country, For example, near---sightedness is almost unknown to country people.
Because of the absence of cars, one can walk more freely in the country than in the city, There are no rules of the road nor traffic signs to obey.
People living in the country can easily get fresh vegetables, fresh fruit and fresh milk, Are they get them at lower prices than in the city.
Country life is economical (节俭的) in other ways, too. There are practically no temptations to waste money.
Country people are mostly honest. They say what they mean, and make and keep promises with sincerity (诚意). They do not put on air (摆架子). They do not pretend to have those ridiculous (荒谬的) manners which are necessary in what we call polite society.
1. What can’t country people often enjoy?
A. Musical concerts. B. Fresh air. C. Song of birds. D. Close contact with nature.
2. What is probably more expensive in the country than in the city?
A. Vegetables. B. Beer. C. Milk. D. Fruit.
3. What is NOT true of country life?
A. The traffic accident rate is very high in the country.
B. Living in the country saves one a lot of money.
C. Country people enjoy better health than the city people.
D. Country people are honest.
4. Which of the following statements is true according to the passage?
A. People living in the country enjoy no advantages.
B. People living in the city are in close contact with nature.
C. People living in the country suffer from more diseases than those living in the city.
D. The prices of farm products are lower in the country than in the city.
5. Which of the following would be the best title for the passage?
A. The Disadvantages of Living in the Country.
B. The Expenses of Living in the Country.
C. Country Life.
D. Healthy Country People.
One of the favorite foods in the United States is the hamburger(汉堡包), a kind of flat found bread with fine-cut beef(牛肉)in between. The favorite place to buy a hamburger is a fast food restaurant At fast food restaurants, people order their food, wait a few minutes to get it over the counter, and carry it to their tables themselves. People also take their food out of the restaurant and eat it in their cars or in their homes. At some fast food restaurants , people can order their food, pay for it and pick it up without leaving their cars.
There are many kinds of fast food restaurants in the United States, Most of the restaurants sell hamburgers or other popular foods among Americans, In addition(另外), there are many fast food restaurants that serve Chinese food, Italian food, chicken, seafood and ice-cream. The idea of a fast food restaurant is so popular that nearly every kind of food can be found in one.
Fast food restaurants are popular because they show the American way of life, First , they are not formal restaurants. People wear any type of dress when they go to a fast food place. Second, they are fast. People who are busy do not want to spend time preparing their food or waiting while someone else prepares it. In fast food restaurants the food is usually ready before the customer even orders it. Finally , most food in a fast food restaurant is not expensive. Therefore, people can often eat at a fast food restaurant without spending too much money, while they may not be able to go to more expensive restaurants very often.
1. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?
A. Chinese food is also served in some fast food restaurants.
B. People can have almost every kind of food in fast food restaurants.
C. Fast food is usually expensive.
D. Fast food can be taken out of the restaurants .
2. Fast food restaurants are popular because they _______ .
A. are many B. are fast
C. are expensive restaurants D. serve expensive food
3. According to the writer, American people ______.
A. are always busy
B. prefer ordinary type of dress
C. do not want to spend too much time preparing their food
D. go to more expensive restaurant very often
4. According to the passage., the favorite restaurants in the U.S. are _____.
A. the Chinese restaurants B. the fast food restaurants
C. more expensive restaurants D. less expensive restaurants
5. The best title for this passage would be ______.
A. Fast Food Restaurants in the U.S B. The Favorite Food in the U.S
C. The American Way of Life D. Different kinds of Restaurants
The following is a piece of international news in China Daily, March 13th, 1994.
A train derailment yesterday in this town just south of the capital, Brussels (布鲁塞尔), killed one passenger and hurt more than two dozen, some seriously, The officials said the cause of the derailment was being looked into.
1. The accident happened in .
A. Holland B. Beigium C. France D. Germany
2. According to the passage .
A. the accident was caused by the fact that on passenger was killed
B .the officials announced the cause of the accident
C. why the derailment happened was obvious
D. the cause of the accident was yet to be found out
3. The underlined word derailment in this passage probably means _______.
A. a train going off the rail B. two trains running into each other
C. a train fire D. a train running over a passenger
4. The news tells us that passengers suffered from the accident.
A. 20 B. 24 C. more than a score of D. no more than twenty-one
5. The derailment happened .
A. on March 13th, 1994 B. on March 12th, 1994
C. quite often D. more terrible than it was reported
It must have been around nine O’clock when I drove back home from work because it was already dark. As I came near to the gates I turned off the headlamps of the car so as to prevent the beam(光荣) from swinging(摇摆)in through the window and waking Jack, who shared the house with me. But needn’t have done so, I noticed that his light was still on, so he was awake anyway--- unless he had fallen asleep while reading. I put the car away and went up the steps, Then I opened the door quietly and went to Jack’s room. He was in bed awake but he didn’t even turn towards me.
“What’s up, Jack?” I said.
“For God’s sake(看在上帝面上), don’t make a noise,” he said.
The way he spoke reminded me of someone in pain who is afraid to talk in case he does himself a serious injury(伤害).
“Take your shoes off, Neville,” Jack said.
I thought that he must be ill and that I had better humour (迁就)him to keep him happy, “There’s a snake here” he explained, “It’s asleep between the sheets. I was lying on my back reading when I saw it. I knew that moving was out of the question. I couldn’t have moved even if I’d wanted to .” I realized that he was serious. “I was relying on you to call a doctor as soon as you came home.” Jack went on.” It hasn’t bitten me yet but I daren’t do anything to upset it. It might wake up. I’m sick of this,” he said, ：” I took it for granted that you would have come home an hour ago.”
There was no time to argue or apologize for being late. I looks at him as encouragingly as I could and went out to telephone the doctor.
1. When he got home, Neville found that ______?
A. Jack had fallen asleep while reading B. Jack had been reading for some time
C. Jack’s light was not turned off D. Jack was ready to answer the door
2. The underlined phrase out of the question means _______.
A. impossible B. no problem C. no doubt D. without difficulty
3. Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage?
A. Neville and Jack lived in the same house
B. Neville thought that Jack had fallen ill
C. Neville really believed that Jack was not making a joke
D. Neville refused to argue or to make an apology for coming late
4. The reason why Neville thought that Jack must be ill is that Jack _______.
A. asked Neville to take off his shoes
B. made a gesture to show the presence of the snake
C. was afraid to upset the snake sleeping between the sheets
D. behaved strangely as if he was badly hurt
5. According to the passage, Neville should have been home at _______.
A. 7p. m B. 8p. m C. 9p. m D. midnight
It doesn’t matter when or how much a person sleeps, but everyone needs some rest to stay alive. That’s what all doctors thought, until they heard about AI Herpin. AI Herpin, it was said, never slept, Could this be true? The doctors decided to see this strange man themselves.
AI Herpin was 90 years old when the doctors came to his home in New Jersey. They thought for sure that he got some sleep of some kind. So they stayed with him and watched every movement he made. But they were surprised . Though they watched him hour after hour and day after day, they never saw Herpin sleeping , In fact, he did not even own a bed. He never needed one.
The only rest that Herpin sometimes got was sitting in a comfortable chair and reading newspapers. The doctors were puzzled by this strange continuous sleeplessness. They found only one answer that might explain his condition. Herpin remembered some talk about his mother having been injurted(伤害)several days before he was born. But that was all. Was this the real reason? No one could be sure.
Herpin died at the age of 94.
1. The main idea of this passage is that _______.
A. large numbers of people do not need sleep
B. a person was found who actually didn’t need any sleep
C. everyone needs some sleep to stay alive
D. people can live longer by trying not to sleep
2. The doctors came to visit Herpin , expecting to ______.
A. cure him of his sleeplessness
B. find that his sleeplessness was not really true
C. find a way to free people from the need of sleeping
D. find out why some old people didn’t need any sleep
3. After watching him closely, the doctors came to believe that AL Herpin ________.
A. was too old to need any sleep B. often slept in a chair
C. needed no sleep at all D. needed some kind of sleep
4. One reason that might explain Herpin’s sleeplessness was ________.
A. that he hadn’t got a bed B. that he had gradually got rid of the sleeping habit
C. his mother’s injury before he was born D. his magnificent physical condition
5. AI Herpin’s condition could be regarded as ______.
A. a common one B. one that could be cured
C. very healthy D. a rare one
Read the following directions on a bottle of medicine：
“Take two tablets(药片)with water, followed by one tablet every eight hours, as required, For maximum(最大量) night-time and early morning relief(缓解疼痛), take two tablets at bed - time, Do not take more than six tablets in twenty-four hours.
For children six to twelve years old, give half the amount for a grownup. For children under six years old, ask for your doctor’s advice.
Reduce the amount if nervousness, restlessness, or sleeplessness occurs,”
1. The directions on this medicine bottle clearly warn the patient not to take more than .
A. twenty-four tablets a day. B. eight tablets a day.
C. six tablets a day. D. three tablets a day.
2. We can infer from the directions that .
A. the medicine could cause some people to feel nervous.
B. children may take the same amount that grown-ups take.
C. one may not take this medicine before going to bed.
D. the medicine is a liquid.
3. If one cannot sleep, it is suggested that he .
A. take two tablets before going to bed. B. take less than two tablets before going to bed.
C. stop taking the medicine. D. ask advice of a doctor.
4. Obviously the medicine .
A. may be dangerous to small children.
B. cannot be taken by children under twelve years old.
C. may be taken by children but not by grown-ups.
D. may be taken by grown-ups but not by children.
In earliest times, men considered lightning to be one of the great mysteries (神秘的事物) of nature. Some ancient peoples believed that lightning and thunder were the weapons (武器) of the gods.
In reality, lightning is a flow of electricity formed high above the earth. A single flash of lightning 1.6 kilometres long has enough electricity to light one million light bulbs (灯泡).
The American scientist and statesman, Benjamin Franklin, was the first to show the connection between electricity and lightning in 1752. In the same year he also built the first lightning rod (避雷针). This device (装置物) protects buildings from being damaged by lightning.
Modern science has discovered that one stroke (闪击) of lightning has a voltage (电压) of more than 15 million volts (伏特). A flash of lightning between a cloud and the earth may be as long as 13 kilometers, and travel at a speed of 30 million meters per second.
Scientists judge that there are about 2,000 million flashes of lightning per year. Lightning hits the Empire State Building in New York City 30 to 48 times a year. In the United States alone it kills an average (平均数) of one person every day.
The safest place to be in case of an electrical storm is in a closed car. Outside, one should go to low ground and not get under tress. Also, one should stay out of water and away from metal fences. Inside a house, people should avoid open doorways and windows and not touch wires or metal things.
With lightning, it is better to be safe than sorry?
1. People once thought lightning came from ________.
A. the sky B. the gods C. the earth D. nature
2. According to the passage what do you think all buildings need?
A. Metal fences. B. Electricity. C. lightning rods. D. Machines.
3. Lightning can travel ________.
A. as quickly as water B. not so quickly as electricity
C. at very low speed D. at very high speed
4. Which of the following is NOT true?
A. In the U.S about one person per day dies from lightning.
B. The Empire State Building frequently gets hit by lightning.
C. Swimming during a thunder storm is a good idea.
D. A closed car is the best place to be during an electrical storm.
5. Lightning is probably ______ to man.
A. useful B. kind C. useless D. friendly
Although English is not as old as Chinese, it is spoken by many people around the world every day. English speakers are always creating(创造) new words, and we are often able to know where most words come from.
Sometimes , however, no one may really know where a word comes from. Did you ever think about why hamburgers(汉堡包) are called hamburgers, especially when they are not made with ham(火腿)? About a hundred years ago, some men went to America from Europe. They came from a big city in Germany called Hamburg. They did not speak good English, but they ate good food. When some Americans saw them eating round pieces of beef(牛肉), they asked the Germans what it was. The Germans did not understand the question and answered, “We come from Hamburg.” One of these Americans owned a restaurant, and had an idea. He cooked some round pieces of beef like those which the men from Hamburg ate. Then he put each between two pieces of bread and started selling them. Such bread came to be called “hamburgers”. Today “hamburgers” are sold in many countries around the world.
Whether this story is true or not, it certainly is interesting. Knowing why any word has a certain meaning is interesting. too. This reason, for most English words, can be found in any large English dictionary.
1. According to the writer, English is .
A. as old as Chinese B. older than German
C. not so old as Chinese D. very difficult to learn
2. Hamburg is .
A. a kind of food B. a round piece of beef
C. the name of a village D. a city in Germany
3. According to the story, .
A. few Americans like hamburgers B. hamburgers are made with beef
C. hamburgers are made with ham D. hamburgers were first sold about a century ago
4. According to the writer, which of the following can often be found in any large English dictionary?
A. Where all the new words come from
B. Where those Germans came from
C. The reason why a word has a certain meaning
D. The reason why English is spoken around the world
5. According to the story, the word “hamburger” comes from .
A. China because it has a long history
B. England because Germans don’t speak good English
C. the round pieces of beef which those people from Hamburg were eating
D. English speakers because they always create new words
In 1933 an unknown American called Clarence Nash went to see the filmmaker Walt Disney. He had an unusual voice and he wanted to work in Disney’s cartoon(动画片) film for children. When Walt Disney heard Nash’s voice, he said “Stop! That’s our duck!”
The duck was the now-famous Donald Duck, who first appeared in 1934 in the film The Wise Little Hen. Donald lived in an old houseboat(水上住家) and wore his sailor jacket and hat. Later that year he became a star after an eight-minute Mickey Mouse film. The cinema audience liked him because he was lazy and greedy(贪婪的), and because he lost his temper(发脾气) very quickly . And they loved his voice when he became angry with Mickey’s eight nephews(侄子). Soon Donald was more popular than Mickey Mouse himself, probably because he wasn’t a goody-goody like Mickey.
In the 1930S,’ 40s and ‘50s Donald and hid friends Mickey , Goofy and Pluto made hundreds of Disney cartoons. He also made educational films about the place of the USA in the world, and safety in the home. Then in 1966 Donald Duck and his voice disappeared---there were no more new cartoons.
Clarence Nash died in February, 1985. But today’s children can still see the old cartoons on television and hear that famous voice.
1. Who made Donald Duck film?
A. Mickey Mouse B. Clarence Nash C. Walt Disney D. Pluto
2. When was the first Donald Duck film made?
A.In 1933 B. In 1934 C. In 1966 D. In 1930
3. Who was Clarence Nash?
A. A cartoonist B. Donald Duck’s voice C. A film-maker D. A film star
4. Where do today’s children see Donald Duck?
A. In new film B. At the cinema C. On television D. At concerts
5. The underlined word audience in the second paragraph means .
A. reads B.formal interview C. law freedom D. the people who watch a film at a cinema
6. The underlined word goody-goody in the second paragraph means a person who .
A. likes to appear to be faultless in behaviour
B. who likes to appear to be faulty in behaviour
C. dislikes to appear to be faultless in behaviour
D. dislikes to be faulty in behaviour
Why do we have in a camera a lens(镜头)instead of a simple hole?
The reason can be seen from the figures(图像).
In Figure 1, the hole is small. Rays of light from a point (P1)outside reach a very small part of the wall opposite, and we see there a small point. But when the hole is bigger, as in Figure 2, rays from the point(P2)can cover a larger part of the wall opposite, and we don’t see a clear point, Rays from other points(Q) outside can also fall on the same place inside. Therefore the picture is not clear when the hole is big and it is not bright when the hole is small because very very little light can pass through it.. We can get better result with a lens. If the lens is made in the shape shown in Figure 3, all the rays of light from the point(P3) are thrown on point(P’) inside. The picture which we see, therefore, is clear, and it is also bright because more light can pass through a lens than through a small hole.
1. In Figure 1 we see a faint small point on the wall because .
A. the point(P1) is very small B. the hole isn’t big enough
C. light rays don’t travel in straight lines D. light rays can’t pass through a small hole
2. Figure 2 shows that the bigger the hole is, .
A. the more light can pass through B. the clearer the picture will be
C. the better result we will get D. the faster the light rays travel
3. From figure 3, we can see a lens .
A. can form a clear picture B. can make light go in a straight line
C. can help light rays to go faster D. cannot give the picture more light than in Fig. 2
4. The main idea of the second paragraph of the article is that .
A. a smaller hole is better than a bigger one
B. big holes are better than small ones
C. both a big hole and a small one have their weak points
D. light rays are sure to pass through a hole no matter it is big or small
5. Which of the following statements is true?
A. Light can go through all kinds of materials
B. A camera can’t be made without a lens
C. The lens is only used in a camera
D. Most of the light we get is from the lens
Overhead bridges are found in many parts of Beijing, especially in places where traffic is very heavy and crossing the road is dangerous.
The purpose of these bridges is to enable pedestrians (行人) to cross roads safely. Overhead bridges are used to very much the same way as zebra crossings. They are more efficient (效率高的) although less convenient because people have to climb up a long flight of steps. This is inconvenient especially to older people. When pedestrains use an overhead bridge, they do not hold up traffic. However, when they cross a busy road using a zebra crossing, traffic is held up. This is why the government has built many overhead bridges to help pedestrians and to keep traffic moving at the same time.
The government of Beijing has spent a large amount of money on building these bridges. For their own safety, pedestrians should be encouraged to use them instead of risking (冒…危险) their lives by dashing across the road. Old people , however , may find it a little difficult climbing up and down the steps, but it is still much safer than walking across the road with all the danger of moving traffic.
Overhead bridges serve a very useful purpose. Pedestrians, both old and young, should make it a habit to use them. This will prevent unnecessary accidents and loss of life.
1. What is the advantage of overhead bridges mentioned in this passage?
A. Taller trucks can pass under them.
B. Pedestrians can climb up and have a view of the city.
C. They are safer for pedestrians and can keep traffic moving at the same time.
D. They are easier and more convenient for the pedestrians.
2. Why were overhead bridges built in Beijing?
A. Because they prevent traffic from being held up.
B. Because they provide an easy way for the drivers to cross the road.
C. Because they save money for the government.
D. Because they save time for the pedestrians.
3. Which of the following statements is true according to the passage?
A. Overhead bridges are found in every part of Beijing.
B. Overhead bridges are only found in the centre of Beijing.
C. Overhead bridges are found in many parts of big cities in China.
D. Overhead bridges are found in places where traffic is heavy.
4. The underlined words a zebra crossing probably mean ________.
A. a safe place across a road for pedestrians to walk across the road
B. a wild animal from Africa that looks like a horse with broad dark brown and white stripes
on its body
C. a safe place across a road for zebras to walk across the road
D. a safe place across a road for children to play a game
5. What is the writer’s attitude towards overhead bridges?
A. It is inconvenient to older people to walk across the road.
B. It is much safer for pedestrians though climbing up and down the steps may be a little difficult,
C. An overhead bridge is more beautiful than a zebra crossing.
D. To build overhead bridges is the business of the government.
One day, President Lincoln went to a party, At the gathering, a man called Douglas was repeatedly talking about Lincoln’s low position in life and saying that he first met Lincoln when he was a shop assistant at a village shop. Finally he said, “And Mr. Lincoln was a very good waiter too.”
People burst into laughter, but they quieted down when Mr. Lincoln said quietly.
“Gentlemen, what Mr. Douglas has said is true. I did keep a grocery (食品杂货店), and I did sell cotton, candles and cigars(雪茄烟), and sometimes whisky(威士忌酒). But I remember that in those days Mr. Douglas was one of my best customers. I often stood on one side of the counter and sold whisky to Mr. Douglas on the other side, but the difference between us now is： I have left my side of the counter, but Mr. Douglas still sticks to his as firmly as ever.”
1. Where was Douglas talking about Lincoln’s low position in life?
A. At a meeting B. In a college C. At home D. In a restaurant
2. Why was Douglas repeatedly talking about Lincoln’s low position in life?
A. Because he was friendly to Lincoln.
B. Because Lincoln was an example to show that an American of low position in life can become President of the U. S.
C. Because he wanted others to look down upon Lincoln.
D. Because he wanted to tell other people about Lincoln’s honesty as a shop assistant.
3. How did Lincoln win the oral competition(口头的比赛)?
A. He won it by telling of his low position in life in his early days.
B. He won it by telling of his high position in life in his early days.
C. He won it by saying Douglas was telling lies.
D. He won it by comparing his present position with Douglas.
4. What do you suppose the sentence “Mr. Douglas still sticks to his as firmly as ever means?”
A. Douglas was still talking about Lincoln’s low position in life.
B. Douglas was still standing on the other side of the counter.
C. Douglas remained a drunkard (酒鬼)and had not changed a bit.
D. Douglas kept on going to gatherings and talking a lot.
Man is a land animal, but he is also closely tied to the sea. Throughout history the sea has served the needs of man. The sea has provided man with food and a convenient (便利的) way to travel to many parts of the world. Today, nearly two—thirds of the world’s population live within 80 kilometers of the sea coast.
In the modern technological world, the sea offers many resources to help mankind survive (=continue to live). Resources on land are beginning to be used up. The sea, however, still can be hoped to supply many of man’s needs.
The list of riches of the sea yet to be developed by man’s technology is impressive. Oil and gas explorations (探险) have been carried out for nearly 30 years. Valuable amounts of minerals exist on the ocean floor ready to be mined (开采).
Fish farming promises to be a good way to produce large quantities of food. The culture of fish and shellfish (贝类动物) is an ancient skill practised in the past mainly by Oriental people.
Besides oil and gas, the sea may offer new sources of energy. Experts believe that the warm temperature of the ocean can be used in a way similar to the steam in a steamship. Ocean currents (水流) and waves offer possible use as a source of energy.
Technology is enabling man to explore (勘探) ever more deeply under the sea. The development of strong, new materials has made this possible.
The technology to harvest the sea continues to improve. Experts believe that by the year 2000 the problems that prevent us from exploiting fully the food, minerals, and energy sources of the sea will be largely solved.
1. The major things that the sea offers man are ______.
A. fish and oil B. minerals and oil
C. warm temperature and ocean currents D. the food, energy sources, and minerals
2. The sea serves the needs of man because ______.
A. in provides man with food B. it offers oil to man
C. it supplies man with minerals D. all of the above
3. We can conclude from this passage that ______.
A. the sea resources have largely been used up
B. the sea, in the broad sense, has not yet been developed
C. the problems that prevent us from using the food, minerals, and energy sources of the
sea have already been solved.
D. by the year 2000 , the technology will be good enough to exploit all the sea resources
4. The underlined words Oriental people in the fourth paragraph probably mean ______.
A. the people in Asia B. African people
C. European people D. American people
5. The best title for this passage is ______.
A. Sea Harvest B. Sea Food
C. Technology for Exploiting the Sea D. Man and the Sea
The famous Lorelel rock——a well-known scenic spot in Germany, lies between the towns of Koblenz and Mainz. At Koblenz the River Marco joins the Rhine and the River Main does the same at Mainz. The largest town on the Main is Frankfurt, while Heldelberg is a famous town on the Nickar. Upstream (在上游) on the Rhine is the town of Worms in the part of Germany called the Rhineland. Further upstream in the northern part of the Black forest is the resort(胜地) of Baden-Baden. The River Rhine forms the border(边界) between Germany and France in the west, and Germany and Switzerland in the south.
1. The towns of Koblenz, are on the Rhine.
A. Mainz and Heldelberg B. Mainz and Frankfurt
C. Mainz and Worms D. Mainz, Worms and Heldelberg
2. The town of Mainz lies .
A. in the Rhineland
B. in the northern part
C. where the Main joins the Rhine
D. in the Black Forest
3. Which of the following statements in NOT true?
A. Germany lies south of Switzerland
B. France lies to the west of the Rhine
C. Switzerland lies to the south of the Rhine
D. Germany lies to the north of the Rhine
4. The Nickar is the name of a .
A. river B. scenic spot in Germany
C. town on the Main D. town on the border between Germany and France
5. Here are four sketches, each of which marks the location of the town Koblenz. Decide which
of the sketches is correct. .
Now and again I have had horrible dreams, but not enough of them to make me lose my delight in dreams. To begin with. I like the idea of dreaming, of going to bed and lying still and then, by some queer magic(神奇的魔力), wandering into another kind of existence. As a child, I could never understand why grown-ups took dreaming so calmly when they could make such a fuss(大惊小怪) about any holiday, This still puzzles me. I am puzzled by people who say they never dream and appear to have no interest in the subject. It is much more astonishing than it would be if they said they never went out for a walk. Most people do not seem to accept dreaming as part of their lives. They appear to see it as an irritating(令人困扰的) little habit, like sneezing or yawning(打哈欠).I can never understand this. My dream life does not seem as important as my waking life because there is far less of it, but to me it is important.
1. What is the author’s attitude toward dreaming?
A. He likes it B. He thinks it puzzling
C. He hates it D. He doesn’t accept it as part of his life
2. For the author of the passage, dreaming is .
A. an irritating little habit B. a horrible but wonderful experience
C. a true reflection of reality D. another kind of existence
3. The author of the passage suggests that people who say they never go out for a walk are .
A. interesting B. mysterious(难以理解的) C. foolish D. lazy
4. The author of the passage enjoys dreaming most .
A. only when he was a child B. only when he is a grown-up
C. both as a child and as a grown-up D. only in his old age
5. The author of the passage complains(抱怨) that most people .
A. are overexcited about their dreams
B. have had dreams most of the time
C. are not interested in talking about their dreams
D. consider their dreams of to much importance
One morning, when we had been riding on our bikes for five hours, we came to a bridge where the railway crossed a pond(池塘). For 30 feet there was nothing but the widely-spaced wooden sleepers(枕木) under our wheels, and nothing to stop us falling into the steaming pond below if we lost our balance. Right under the bridge lay the body of a dead cow. I watched Mat as he came near to the bridge and rode straight over, without ever, slowing down. I stopped.
“What’s up?” he cried out from the other side.
“I’m not riding over that thing. If I slip, I’ll be in there with that cow,” “There’s nothing to it. I just did it. didn’t I?”
“You’re stronger and taller. My feet don’t touch the ground. You do it for me!”
Mat said strength didn’t come into it and rode off. I knew he would give me at least an hour before coming to help. The sun burned my face, sweat ran off my forehead into my eyes and stuck my blouse(女衬衫) to my body. Try myself rather than wait for Mat to help. I rode back to get a good run-up and over I went. Mat was that right： all the difficulties were in the mind.
1. The bridge looked dangerous to the girl because .
A. there was a 30 foot drop to the water below
B. it had nothing at the sides
C. there were pieces of wood all over the road
D. there was a railway line below
2. The reason she stopped was that she .
A. was tired B. suddenly saw the dead cow below
C. wanted to let Mat go first D. was afraid of losing her balance
3. Mat argued that .
A. the bridge wasn’t at all difficult to cross
B. she had no other choice but to cross the bridge
C. the cow was harmless because it was dead
D. there was no difference between them in strength
4. Mat rode away leaving the girl because he .
A. didn’t know what he could do to help her
B. felt she should overcome her fear by herself
C. didn’t believe she was really afraid
D. couldn’t wait any longer for her
5. The girl finally decided to ride across the bridge, for she .
A. realized that it was easier than it looked
B. was tired of waiting for Mat to come and help her
C. knew she couldn’t stay where she was any longer
D. was afraid that Mat would go and leave her behind
Grandma Moses is among the most famous twentieth-century painters of the United States, yet she did not start painting until she was in her late seventies. As she once said of herself：” I would never sit back in a rocking chair, waiting for someone to help me.” No one could have had a more productive old age.
She was born Anna Mary Robertson on a farm in New York State, one of five boys and five girls. At twelve she left home and was in domestic(家庭的) service until, at twenty—seven, she married Thomas Moses, the hired hand of one of her employers. They farmed most of their lives, first in Virginia and then in New York State, at Eagle Bridge. She had ten children , of whom five survived ; her husband died in 1927.
Grandma Moses painted a little as a child and made embroldery(刺绣) pictures as a hobby, but only changed to oils in old age because her hands had become too stiff(硬的) to sew and she wanted to keep busy and pass the time. Her pictures were first sold at the local drugstore(杂货店) and at a market and were soon noticed by a businessman who bought everything she painted . Three of the pictures exhibited in the Museum of Modern Art, and in 1940 she had her first exhibition in New York. Between the 1930’s and her death she produced some 2,000 pictures： detailed(详细的)and lively portrayals(描绘) of the country life she had known for so long, with a wonderful sense of colour and form. “I think really hard till I think of something really pretty, and then I paint it.” she said.
1. According to the passage, Grandma Moses began to paint because she wanted to .
A. make herself beautiful B. keep active
C. earn more money D. become famous
2. Grandma Moses spent most of her life .
A. nursing B. painting C. embroidering D. farming
3. The underlined word survived means .
A. graduated from college B. examined the condition of the house
C. lived longer than the other children D. gave up themselves to the police
4. From Grandma Moses’ description of herself in the first paragraph, it can be inferred that
she was .
A. independent B. pretty C. rich D. nervous
5. Which of the following would be the best title for the passage?
A. Grandma Moses： Her Life and Pictures. B. The Children of Grandma Moses.
C. Grandma Moses： Her Best Exhibition. D. Grandma Moses and Other Older Artists.
In recent years advances in medical technology have made it possible for people to live longer than in the past. New medicines and instruments are being developed every day to extend(延长) life. However, some people, including some doctors, are not in favour of these life extending measures, and they argue that people should have the right to die when they want. They say that the quality of life is as important as life itself, and that people should not be forced to go on living when conditions of life have become unbearable(不能忍受的). They say that people should be allowed to die with dignity(尊严) and to decide when they want to die. Others argue that life under any conditions is better.
1. The best title for this passage would be .
A. The Right to Live B. The Right to Die
C. The Doctor’s Duty D. Life is Better Than Death
2. In recent years, people can live longer than in the past, It’s because of .
A. the development of medical technology B. big hospitals
C. good doctors D. both B and C
3. According to some people, whether a dying patient has the right to die or not is up to .
A. the doctors B. the surroundings(环境)
C. his or her family D. the patient himself or herself
4. The writer’s opinion is .
A. death is better than life B. life is better than death
C. neither death nor life is good D. none of the above
5. Which of the following statements is true according to the passage?
A. Most of the medical workers join in the argument.
B. The argument has ended in favour of the patients.
C. The argument hasn’t ended yet.
D. The quality of life is not as important as life itself, so it is generally thought that people
should not be allowed to die under any conditions.
Blondin was a very famous acrobat(杂技师) in the 19th century. He used to walk on a tight--rope across the Niagara Falls(瀑布). On September 8th, 1860, a crowd of about 300,000 people gathered at Niagara to watch Blondin carry a man across! Three men had offered to go with him, but they falled to appear, so Blondin asked his manager, Mr. Colcord, to climb on his back, Colcord agreed to go this so as not to disappoint the crowd, but he was terrified. The crossing was very difficult because Colcord was heavier than Blondin thought. After he had gone a short way, Blondin had to stop in order to rest. He asked Colcord to get down. At first Colcord refused, but at last he had to. He clung to (紧紧握住) Blondin’s leg and the rope in order not to fall, Blondin had to stop six times during the crossing so as to rest. Sometimes the rope swung(荡，摆动) as much as 40 feet! At last both men crossed safely. The crowd sighed with relief(松一口气) and so did poor Mr. Colcord.
1. How did Blondin walk across Niagara Falls on September 8th , 1860?
A. On a tight—rope with his manager on his back.
B. On a tight—rope by himself.
C. On a tight—rope with three men on his back.
D. On a tight—rope with one of his helpers on his back.
2. Why do you think the three men did not appear?
A. They couldn’t walk on tight-rope. B. They did not dare to take the risk.
C. They were ill. D. They had met with an accident.
3. Mr. Colcord agreed to act with Blondin because he .
A. was brave
B. was Blondin’s true friend
C. did not want to disappoint the 300,000 people
D. was Blondin’s manager
4. Blondin stopped six times during the crossing .
A. in order to help Colcord
B. in order to get his strength back
C. because Colcord clung to his leg and the rope
D. because Colcord was heavier than him
5. Blondin’s nationality was .
A. American B. Canadian
C. Englishman D. not mentioned in the passage
One day last November, Tom Baker stopped out of his house into the morning light and headed across the rice fields toward the bank of the Rapti River. Tom, a 32-year-old school teacher in the farming village of Madanpur, was going for his morning bath.
As he approached(走近) the river, the head of a tiger(老虎) suddenly appeared over the edge of the river bank. Before he could turn to run, the tiger was upon him. It jumped on his shoulder and threw him to the ground, its huge jaws attacked his head in a killing bite.
Peter Smith was also on his way to the river and saw the attack. He screamed. The tiger lifted its head and roared(吼叫) at him. Peter ran.
From the window of his house John Brown heard the tiger roar and ran out to see it attacking a man. He screamed, too, and all the villagers ran out shouting as the tiger dropped its victim(牺牲品) and ran off. When the villagers reached the river bank, Tom was already dead.
For the villagers, the horror of the incident intensified(加剧) by the tales of man-eating tigers that has once run around in the countryside, killing hundreds.
1. How many people saw the tiger before it was driven off?
A One person. B. Two persons. C. Three persons. D. Four persons.
2. What was the victim’s professional job?
A. A hunter. B. A teacher. C. A farmer. D. A manager.
3. The reason why the tiger attacked the man was .
A. it was hungry B. it was angry
C. it was frightened by the man D. not mentioned in the passage
4. When did the attack take place?
A. Early in the morning B. At noon
C. Late in the afternoon D. At five before dark
5. According to the passage, the underlined word screamed in the third paragraph
probably means ____.
A. gave a sharp cry because of fear. B. shouted out for help.
C. made some loud noise. D. cried out in pain.
I’m a Chinese student studying in Canada. I have been a boarder(寄宿生) with the Carsons for more than a year and a half.
The Carsons live in their own house, which has four bedrooms including the one in the basement(底层) which I live in. Judy does all the work in the house and Andrew is responsible for the work in the garden. When they go out in they evening, they often ask me to look after their children.
Judy’s parents, Mr. and Mrs. Morris, lived in another city. Judy was their only child and naturally they doted on(溺爱) Judy’s children. They often sent the children presents.
Last April Mr. Morris died. Now that Mrs. Morris was quite alone, I expected that Judy would want her to come and live with them. One day, Margaret told me grandma was coming to live with them and her daddy and mummy would want my room back. The news didn’t surprise me and the next day I went to Judy and asked her about it. I said I couldn’t think of living in their basement room any longer if it was needed for Mrs. Morris. Judy seemed surprised at first. Then she told me there was no deed for me to move, for they hadn’t yet come to any decision about her mother coming to live with them. “Naturally I’m worried about my mother. She has been in poor health.” She smiled sadly and added. “To be honest, Andrew and my mother have never got on well. We’ll wait a bit and see what happens. Perhaps Moter will be all right living herself, of perhaps they will both change their minds.”
That was six months ago. During this time I’ve heard that Mrs. Morris has had two illnesses and that her health has got worse. A nursing home was mentioned once but Mrs. Morris refused to go there. So up to now she’s still living alone and I’m still living in the basement room.
1. What is the relationship between the speaker and the Carsons?
A. He is a brother of Andrew Carson.
B. He is a close friend of the Carsons.
C. He is a student of Judy Carson.
D. He is a student who pays to live and have meals at the Carsons’ house.
2. Why did the speaker expect Mrs. Morris to come to live with her daughter?
A. Because Mr. Morris was dead.
B. Because Mrs. Morris suffered from illness.
C. Because Mrs. Morris lived all by herself.
D. Because of all the reasons mentioned in A, B and C.
3. Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage?
A. Mrs. Morris was coming to live with the Carsons, so they asked the speaker to move.
B. Judy had no brothers or sisters to look after her mother.
C. Mrs. Morris loved her grandchildren very much.
D. The Carsons once suggested that Mrs. Morris go to live in a nursing home.
4. Why didn’t Mrs. Morris come to live with her daughter’s family?
A. Because the speaker lived in the basement room and there was no other room for her to live in.
B. Because she did not have a good relationship with her son-in-law.
C. Because she was in rather poor health and could not come.
D. Because she did not want to leave her own house.
5. Which of the following would be the best title for the passage?
A. My Landlady. B. The Boarder.
C. Family Relationships is Canada. D. Nursing Homes and the Aged.
To discover whether bees can see colors, the following experiment is set up. A table is put in a garden, and on the table is a piece of blue cardboard (硬纸板) with a drop of syrup (糖浆) on it. After a short time, bees come to the syrup. The bees then fly to their hive (蜂蜜) and give the syrup to other bees in the hive. Then they return to the feeding-place which they have discovered. After a while, the blue cardboard with the syrup on it is taken away. Instead of this card, a blue card is now put on the left side of the first feeding-place and a red card to its right. These new cards have no syrup on them. Thus, the blue card is on the left, the red card on the right, and there is nothing where the first blue feeding-card used to be. Very soon bees arrive again, and fly straight to the blue card. None go to the red card.
1. To do the experiment, altogether how many cards do you need to prepare?
A. Two, one blue and one red. B. Three, two blue and one red.
C. Three, one blue and two red. D. Four, two blue and two red.
2. If figure 1 (图1) below shows the table top during step 1 of the experiment, which picture in
figure 2 represents (代表) step 2?
(blue card with syrup blue card red card )
3. During step 2 of the experiment, the bees come to ______.
A. the original (原来的)blue card with syrup on it.
B. the new blue card with no syrup on it.
C. the empty space where the original blue card was.
D. the new blue card with syrup on it.
4. The experiment has proved that bees ______.
A. cannot see colors. B. can see colors.
C. cannot see blue. D. cannot see red.
5. Which title best gives the idea of the passage?
A. Bees Love Blue. B. Bees Love Syrup.
C. Bees, Color and Syrup. D. Can Bees See Color?
Benin is one of the smallest African states. It lies in West Africa on the Gulf (海湾) of Guinea, to the south of Burkina Faso and Niger, between Togo on the west and Nigeria on the east.
Benin used to be called Dahomey and was controlled and ruled by France from 1893 to 1960, when it became independent (独立). In 1963 the army general Soglo overthrew (推翻) the first president. Maga. Soglo set up an army government and called himself head of state in 1965, but was overthrown and replaced (取代) by a civilian (非军人) government in 1967. In December 1969 Benin had another change of power with the army again taking over (接管). In May 1970, Maga and two other men set up a new government, with each of them acting as president in turn for two years. However, half a year after Maga turned over power to the second man Ahomadegbe, the three-man government was overthrown by the army once more and General Kerekou became president. In November 1975 Kerekou changed the name of the nation from Dahomey to Benin, Benin being the name of a 17th century kingdom covering the same place. Kerekou also announced that Benin would be a People’s Republic based on Marxism-leninism.
1. Which of the following maps shows rightly the positions of Benin and its neighbouring countries?
(Bn=Benin;Tg =Togo;Nr=Niger;BF=Burkina Faso;Na=Nigeria;GG=Gulf of Guinea)
2. For how long was Benin under France?
A. For over a century.
B. For roughly a century.
C. For over half a century.
D. Under half a century.
3. For how long was Benin an independent state before it became a People’s Republic?
A. 15 years. B. 25 years.
C. 20 years. D. 30 years.
4. Choose the right order in which the following people ruled in Benin.
A. So, Ma, Ah, Ma, Ke B. Ma, So, Ma, Ke, Ah
C. So, Ma, Ke, Ma, Ah D. Ma, So, Ma, Ah, Ke
5. When and how did Benin get its two names--Benin and Dahomey?
A. Dahomey was its oldest name, but it has been replaced by Benin.
B. Benin was its oldest name. The name Dahomey was used later, but has been replaced by Benin again.
C. Dahomey was its oldest name. The name Benin was used later, but has been replaced by
D. Benin was its oldest name, but it has been replaced by Dahomey.
Have you eaten too much over the holidays? You should try fidgeting for a while. Those around you might not like it, but scratching (moving your nails (指甲) against a part of your body) and twitching (moving suddenly and quickly when you don’ t want to) is an important way of burning up calories (卡路里).
American researchers have found that some people’s squirming (continuously turn your body when nervous) and wigging (move in small movements, especially from side to side) equals (等于) several miles of slow running each day.
The scientists, based at the National Institute of Health’s laboratory in Phenix, Arizona, are studying why some people get fat and other stay slim.
In one study 177 people each spent 24 hours in a room in the institute where the amount (量) of energy is measured by their oxygen and carbon dioxide (二氧化碳) levels. By the end of the day, some people had burned up 800 calories in toe-tapping, (moving the front part of your foot up and down) finger-drumming (hitting your fingers continuously and lightly against something hard) and other nervous habits. However, others had burned up only 100 calories.
The researchers found that slim women fidget more than fat women, but there was no significant difference in men. Heavy people burn up more energy when they fidget than do thin people.
1. Which of the following can be used to explain the meaning of “fidgeting”?
A. scratching and twitching B. squirming and wigging
C. slow running D. moving one’s body nervously
2. We can know from the passage that scientists believe the reason why some people get fat and other people stay slim is that ____ .
A. thin people burn up less calories than fat people
B. fat people burn up more calories than thin people
C. those who burn up more calories than others will be thinner
D. those who fidget more than others will be thinner
3. Scientists found in the experiment that ____ .
A. the energy burned up by fat people when they fidget was more than that burned up by thin people when they fidget
B. some people’s fidgeting burned up more than 800 calories, but some people’s fidgeting burned up less than 100 calories
C. slim women fidget more than fat women but fat men fidget more than thin men
D. thin men fidget more than fat men
4. If someone is thin in a pleasant way, we say they are ____ .
A. skinny B. bony C. slim D. underweight
5. Scientists think a fidget habit to be ____ .
A. a way to lose fat
B. a nervous habit annoying(使讨厌) the people around
C. a better exercise than slow running
D. a habit of thin people
Scientists would like to place a huge mirror in space above the earth. It might be sixty miles wide. It would be used to catch the rays (光线) of the sun. It would direct the sun’s rays upon the earth as a child might do to make sunlight dance on the wall with a hand mirror.
Why do they want to do this? The sun’s rays could be helpful in many ways. They could light up cities by night. The warm rays could stop frosts(霜冻) which might come at might and fruit crops. They could melt (融化) dangerous icebergs in the ocean. Perhaps they could change cloud movements and bring rain where it is needed.
1. The huge mirror would ______.
A. stand 60 miles in height (高度). B. be 60 miles from side to side.
C. cover 60 miles of the earth. D. be 60 miles above the earth.
2. The mirror would be used to ______.
A. reflect (反射)sunlight. B. absorb (吸收) sunlight.
C. see what the earth looks like. D. see how clouds move.
3. The strong light from the mirror could possibly ______.
A. hurt fruit crops. B. set fire to cities.
C. bring longer daytime. D. shine through walls.
4. The huge mirror is ______.
A. something in a story. B. already made.
C. just an idea. D. to be made soon.
In Denmark, parents are allowed to set up a new school if they are dissatisfied with the school in the area where they are living. Although these schools have to follow the national courses, they are allowed a lot of choice in deciding what to teach. Some of these new schools are called “small schools” because usually the number of pupils in them is only sixty, but a school has to have at least twenty-seven pupils.
Cooleenbridge School in Ireland, is a small school similar to the ones in Denmark, it was set up by parents who came from Holland, Germany, Czechoslovakia, England and other parts of Ireland. They came because they wanted to live in the countryside and to grow their own food. In June 1986, they decided to start a school. They managed to get an old, disused primary-school (小学) building and started with twenty-four children aged from four to twelve.
The teachers say, “The important thing in school is doing, not sitting.”And so the courses includes yoga(瑜伽), cooking, knitting, kite-making, music, fishing, drama (戏剧) and environmental(环境的) river studies, as well as reading, writing, maths and science.
1. What are the rules for setting up a new school in Denmark?
A. Parents are allowed to set up their own school.
B. The school has to follow the national courses.
C. The school has to have at least 27 pupils.
D. All of the above.
2. The writer tells about the Cooleenbridge School in Ireland because ____ .
A. it was set up by parents who are not people of Denmark
B. it was taken as an example of this kind of “small school”
C. there were only twenty-four children
D. the pupils there were aged from 4 to 12
3. What makes this kind of school special?
A. It is set up by parents not by government.
B. It is free to decide what to teach.
C. The number of pupils in it is only sixty.
D. It has to have at least 27 pupils.
4. “The important thing in school is doing not sitting.” What the teachers say actually means ____ .
A. What we should do is teaching in the classroom, not sitting in the office.
B. Children should do more homework at home, not just sit in class to listen to the teachers.
C. Children should learn by themselves not rely on teachers.
D. Children should learn through practice not just from books.
5. The courses includes ____ .
A. yoga, cooking, knitting, kite-making, music, fishing, drama and environmental river studies, except reading, writing, maths and science
B. either yoga, cooking, knitting, kite-making, music, fishing, drama and environmental river studies, or reading, writing, maths and science
C. not only reading, writing, maths and science, but also yoga, cooking knitting, kitemaking, music, fishing, drama and environmental river studies
D. mainly yoga, cooking, knitting, kite-making, music, fishing, drama and environmental river studies, and supplemental (补充的) reading writing, maths and science
Sixty-year-old grandmother, Fiona McFee, is going to stop working next year and she decided to realize a childhood dream and sail around the coast of Scotland in a small boat. Although the inside of the boat is very cosy it has no running water or electricity. Fiona says she can live without these things but she plans to take her small CD player, her hot water bottle and a bag of books to make sure life isn’t too uncomfortable.
We asked her if she was afraid of being at sea for so long. She said, “Well, I’m going to take a good compass (指南针). Anyway I’m not afraid of death because I love the sea---I just hope it loves me.” Fiona certainly has plenty of energy; in her spare time, she enjoys playing the piano, rock-climbing, canoeing and dancing. Although she is sixty, she doesn’t want to have a quiet and peaceful life. “I’m looking forward to having fun in the rest of my life and that’s exactly why I’d like to be a sailor for a while.”
1. The underlined word cosy in the first paragraph means ____ .
A. bright B. dirty C. comfortable D. dark
2. When Fiona McFee said “---I just hope it loves me.” What she meant was ____
A. Of course , it loves me , since I love it .
B. If I love it , it should love me.
C. I hope it will bring me a safe sailing as a return for my love of it .
D. I hope it will save my life when I am in time of danger .
3. The reason why she would like to have the sail is that ____.
A. she thinks it will be very exciting B. she likes sports and enjoys canoeing
C. she has decided to realize a childhood dream D. she wants to be still active when she gets old
4. What kind of person would you say the old woman is ?
A. Someone who does not show what she is feeling .
B. Someone who is very proud and sure of her success .
C. Someone who doesn’t use her head much .
D. Someone who is open , honest and brave .
5. The best title for this passage is ____ .
A. Life Begins at Sixty B. A Round Coast Sail
C. An Old Woman Sailor D. An Unusual Hobby(爱好)
Of all the fish we catch in the world, we eat only three quarters of it. The rest goes to glue (胶水), soap, margarine (人造奶油), pet food and fertilizer.
Fishermen usually freeze fish they catch at sea. Back in port, they defrost the fish, make the fish have no bones in it and sell it as fresh fish.
Over ninety-five percent of fish caught is in the northern hemisphere. Thus, only about five percent of all fish caught is from south of the equator.
The Japanese are the world champion fish eaters. They eat twice as much fish as the Scandinavians, and five times as much fish as the Americans.
The Russian sturgeon (鲟鱼) is the most expensive fish in the world. The eggs of the sturgeon are called caviar.
1. What do we do with the fish we catch in the world?
A. We eat all the fish we catch.B. We use some of it to make pet food and fertilizer.
C. We do not use 25% of it. D. We freeze all the fish we catch.
2. We catch most fish ____ .
A. south of the equator B. on or just north of the equator
C. in the northern part of the earth D. in the southern hemisphere
3. In the second paragraph, the word “defrost” means ____ .
A. make the fish dead B. make the fish alive
C. make the fish become unfrozen D. make the fish clean
4. Which of the following statements is correct according to the passage?
A. Americans eat five times as much fish as the Scandinavians.
B. Scandinavians eat five times as much fish than the Americans.
C. Japanese eat more fish only than the Americans and Scandinavians in the world.
D. The Americans do not eat so much fish as the Japanese.
Robert is nine years old and Joanna is seven. They live at Mount Ebenezer. Their father has a big property. In Australia they call a farm a property.
Robert and Joanna like school very much. At school they can talk to their friends but Robert and Joanna cannot see their friends. They live 100, perhaps 300, miles away and like Robert and Joanna, they all go to school by radio.
Mount Ebenezer is in the centre of Australia. Not many people live in “The Centre”. There are no schools with desks and blackboards and no teachers in “The Centre”. School is a room at home with a two-way radio. The teacher also has a two-way radio. Every morning she calls each student on the radio. When all students answer, lessons begin… Think of your teacher 300 miles away!
1. The children in “The Centre” do not go to a school because ______.
A. they live too far away from one another. B. they do not like school.
C. they are not old enough to go to school. D. their families are too poor.
2. In order to send their children to school, parents in “The Centre” of Australia must have ______.
A. a property. B. a car.
C. a school room at home. D. a special radio.
3. Teachers in “The Centre” of Australia teach ______.
A. not in a classroom but at the homes of the students.
B. by speaking only and not showing anything in writing.
C. without using any textbooks or pictures.
D. without knowing whether the students are attending .
4. When children are having a lesson, they can hear their teacher.
A. but their teacher cannot hear them.
B. and their teacher can hear them too.
C. but cannot hear their schoolmates.
D. and see him or her at the same time.
5. A “Property” in Australia is a
A. house. B. school.
C. farm. D. radio.
Calories show the energy content of different foods. We all need a certain amount each day to make our bodies work properly. Unfortunately, people in Europe and the US now eat about 20 times as much sugar and at least five times as much fat as they did in 1800. This may have something to do with the increase in heart disease in Western countries .
For wedding feasts(婚宴), the Bedouin people sometimes prepare a meal of stuffed roast camel. First, they stuff a fish with eggs. Then they put the fish inside a chicken. They put the chicken inside a whole roast sheep. Then, finally, they put all of this inside a cooked camel!
The avocado contains 165 calories for every 100 grams of fruit. This is more than eggs or milk. It also contains twice as much protein (蛋白质) as milk and has more vitamin A, B and C.
1. Which of the following figures (图表) shows us the correct proportion (比例) of the fat and sugar that the Europeans and the Americans eat in 1800 and 1900.
2. Calories show the ____ .
A. fat content of food B. sugar content of food
C. heat and energy content of food D. protein content of food
3. The writer tells about the “stuffed roast camel” because it ____ .
A. shows how important wedding feast to the Bedouin people
B. serves as an example of a high calorie food
C. is made in a very special way
D. is more tasty than any other food
4. What is special for the avocado ?
A. It weighs 100 grams.
B. It is a fruit.
C. An avocado fruit has 165 calories.
D. It contains more calories and vitamin A ,B and C than milk and eggs .
5. Which of the statements is correct according to the passage ?
A. People eat more sugar in Europe than in the US.
B. People in Europe and the US eat less sugar than ever before .
C. People eat more fat in the US than in Europe .
D. People who eat too much fat and sugar will have some health problems .
The 17th-century Irish farmer Rober Cook was the most unusual person in County Waterford. he always wore white linen. His underwear, night clothes and shirts were all in white, and so were his suits, coats and hats. He became so famous for his clothes and his love for white that he was known all over Ireland as “Linen Cook”.
He refused to have any brown cows in the field of his farm at Cappoquin and even his horses had to be the same pure white as his clothes.
Cook was a eager vegetarian and refused to eat the flesh of any animal or to wear anything produced by an animal.
A fox which attacked (袭击) his chickens was not killed when it was caught. Instead, he gave it a talk on the evils (罪恶) of murder, then offered it a sporting chance by making it run through a line of his farm workers, who had sticks.
Cook had a long and healthy life and showed that “water for drink, vegetables for food and linen and other plant life for clothing were enough to live on.”
He died in 1726 when he was over eighty years old and was buried in a white linen shroud (寿衣).
1. The man the writer tells us about is a ____ .
A. person who has a strange habit B. famous person all over the world
C. healthy man D. man who lived a long life
2. From the passage we can know that ____ .
A. he wasn’t married all his life
B. he didn’t wear leather(皮的) shoes or woolen(毛的) clothes
C. he disliked the colour brown most
D. he died at the age of 80
3. “Vegetarians”are people who do not ____ .
A. buy animals B. kill animals C. eat animals D. keep animals
4. We can inferred from the passage that the fox wasn’t killed by Robert Cook, but perhaps ____ .
A. it could understand what it did was bad after Robert gave it a talk on the evils of murder.
B. it had sports together with Robert’s farm workers
C. it was given a chance to run away
D. it had got a beat from Robert’s farm workers
5. “water for drink, vegetables for food and linen and other plant life for clothing were enough to live on.” That is ____ .
A. the conclusion drawn by the writer B. the words of Robert Cook
C. a saying D. the belief of a certain famous person
A HOLIDAY jet pilot (飞行员) said that he would land and call the police after a woman refused to stop smoking.
He warned Maureen Harkavy, “Put that cigarette out, or I’ll land the plane and have you arrested.”
Maureen, 47, was so shocked she wrote to the airline’s chairman. But his reply was even ruder.
“You seem to think you have a God-given right to pollute your neighbours’ atmosphere,” wrote John Ferriday of Paramount Airways.
(a)Said Maureen, “I only found out about it when I was checking in. I’m a nervous flyer so I lit a cigarette during the flight. A stewardess (空姐) asked me to put it out, but I said I wanted to carry on as there was no rule against smoking on the plane.” She was just finishing her cigarette when the pilot arrived.
(b) I’ve never seen such an unpleasant letter. She said, “I don’t think I’ll ever fly again.” But there was a funny side. Maureen explained, “We were offered duty-free (免税) cigarette from the stewardess on the plane!”
(c) Mr. Ferriday went on; “Believe me, you haven’t. Especially when you travel on my planes.”
Maureen and her husband Michael were moved to Paramount flight just before they left Portugal. But they were not told of the company’ s (公司的) no smoking policy.
(d) “He was loud and rude,” said Maureen. “He said if I lit another cigarette he would land the plane at Bordeaux and hand me to the French police.”
Later, from her home in Mosely, Birmingham, Maureen wrote to the company and received the rude reply.
1. The second half of the story has been in wrong order. (Parts a-d) Choose the rearranged order which you think is right.
A. a, c, b, d B. c, a, b, d C. c, a, d, b D. d, a, b, c
2. What was Maureen Harkey warned to do by the pilot?
A. The pilot said that she must throw her cigarette out of the plane, or he would get her
off the plane.
B. The pilot said she must stop smoking immediately, otherwise he would bring down the jet
and hand her to the police.
C. The pilot said that she couldn’t lit another cigarette after her first one.
D. The pilot said that he would get her arrested by the police if she kept on smoking.
3. Maureen Harkavy ____ on the plane.
A. accepted the warning
B. agreed to the warning
C. refused to do what she was told to
D. was so shocked that she wrote to the airline’s chairman
4. In the answer letter to Maureen Harkavy, the airline’s chairman ____ .
A. made an apology to her for his worker’s rudeness
B. made sure that he would solve the problem
C. said that she had the right to smoke on his plane because the right is given by God to everyone.
D. actually completely agreed with what the pilot said
5. From the story we can see that the writer probably takes the side of ____ .
A. the pilot B. the airline’s chairman C. the stewardress D. Maureen Harkavy
Good afternoon, and welcome to England. We hope that your visit here will be a pleasant one. Today, I would like to draw your attention to a few of our laws.
The first one is about drinking. Now, you may not buy alcohol (酒) in this country if you are under 18 years of age, nor may your friends buy it for you.
Secondly, noise. Enjoy yourselves by all means, but please don’t make unnecessary noise, particularly at night. We ask you to respect other people who may wish to be quiet.
Thirdly crossing the road. Be careful. The traffic moves on the left side of he road in this country. Use pedestrian crossings (人行横道) and do not take any chances when crossing the road.
My next point is about litter (throwing away waste material in a public place). It is an offence (违法行为) to drop litter in the street. When you have something to throw away, please put it in your pocket and take it home, or put it in a litter bin.
Finally, as regards smoking, it is against the law to buy cigarettes or tobacco (烟草) if you are under 16 years of age.
I’d like to finish by saying that if you require any sort of help or assistance, you should contact your local police station, who will be pleased to help you.
Now, are there any questions?
1. The main purpose of this speech would be to ____ .
A. prepare people for international travel
B. declare the laws of different kinds
C. give advice to travellers to the country
D. inform people of the punishment for breaking laws
2. How many laws are there discussed in the speech?
A. Three. B. Four. C. Five. D. Six
3. From the speech we learn that ____
A. In this country, if you are under 18 years of age, you may not buy alcohol, but your
friend can buy it for you.
B. You may not buy cigarettes or tobacco unless you are above 16 years of age.
C. Because the traffic moves on the left side of he road ,you must use pedestrian crossings
when crossing the road.
D. You can’t make noise except at night.
4. The underlined word contact in the seventh paragraph means ____ .
A. keep in touch with B. get in touch with C. join D. report
5. Who do you think is most likely to make the speech?
, A. A policeman B. A lawmaker C. A teacher D. A lawyer
At five he was collecting old newspapers to make money. And when he was 15 he signed his schoolmates up to start a baby-sitting circle.
Now 20, third-year Cambridge University student, Peter Blackburn is managing director of a company with a £ 30,000 plan. And he thinks it will make more than $15,000 by next summer.
He set up Peter Blackborn Ltd last year to bring out a new, colour term-planner that now students all over the UK are using.
“I felt that most of the planners going around were pretty unimaginative,” he says, “I believed that I could do a better job and decided to have a go”.
Blackburn admits that he is putting far more effort into business than his computer studies course at university. While fellow students are out with their friends, he keeps in touch with his business office in Lancashire by movable phone. Before he set up the company he spent one holiday preparing a plan that would persuade his bank to lend him money.
“Most students work hard for a good degree because they believe that will help them get a job to support themselves,” he says “I work hard at my company, because that is what will support me next year, after I leave college.”
Friends believe that Blackburn will make £ 1 million within 5 years.
He is not quite so sure, however. “There’s a lot to be done yet,” he says.
1. Choose the right order of the facts given in the passage.
a. He spent his holiday preparing a plan.
b. He collected newspapers.
c. He set up his own company.
d. He asked the bank for money.
e. He set up a babysitting circle.
A. e, b, c, a, d B. b, e, a, d, c C. b, e, d, a, c D. b, e, c, a, d
2. When he was quite young, Blackburn ____ .
A. already made a lot of money B. already had a business brain
C. was already managing director of a company D. already set up his own business
3. The underlined expression in the fourth paragraph “have a go,” here means ____ .
A. give up this job and have a new one B. leave the company
C. have a try D. develop my business quickly
4. In spite of a college student, Blackburn ____ .
A. spends more time on his business than on his studies course
B. keep in touch with his business office by movable phone
C. seldom goes out with his friends
D. often spends whole holiday preparing business plan
5. Which of the following best explain why Blackburn works hard at his company?
A. He wants to do more business practice before he leaves college.
B. He wants to make more money before he leaves college.
C. He wants to get a good job like most students after he leaves the college.
D. he depends on the company for his living in the future.
Richard Williams works hard. He’s clever, careful, and fast .His work is dangerous. Richard thinks of himself as a professional—a professional thief.
Yesterday was a typical day. Richard dressed in a business suit, took his briefcase (手提箱), and drove to a town about ten miles from his home. He parked his car in a busy area, then began to walk along the street. No one looked at him. He was another businessman walking to work.
At 8：05, Richard saw what he wanted. A man was leaving his house. Richard walked around the block again. At 8：10 , he watched a woman leave the same house. After she left, Richard worked quickly. He walked to the side of the house and stood behind a tree. He took a screwdriver (螺丝刀) out of his briefcase and quickly opened the window and climbed in. First, he looked through the desk in the living room. He found ＄200 in cash (现金). In the dining room, he put the silverware (银器) into his briefcase. The next stop was the bedroom. Richard stole a diamond ring and an emerald (祖母绿宝石) necklace. Richard passed a color TV, a stereo (音响), and a camera, but he didn’t touch them. Everything had to fit into his briefcase. In less than five minutes, Richand climbed back out the window. He looked around carefully, then began his walk down the street again. No one looked at him. He was just another businessman, walking to work.
1. Why did Richard wear a business suit?
A. Because he is a professional.
B. Because he didn’t want to draw others’ attention to him.
C. Because he works hard. D. Because he is a thief.
2. Richard ____ , after the man left his house.
A. stood behind a tree B. entered the house
C. walked around the block again D. opened the window with a screwdriver
3. No one saw Richard get into the house because ____ .
A. it was night time B. he ran very fast
C. he stood behind a tree D. he was very clever
4. How long did Richard stay in the house?
A. Five minutes. B. One hour. C. Nearly five minutes. D. Fifteen minutes.
5. The reason why Richard didn’t take the TV set is that ____ .
A. it is too big to carry B. it is too heavy to carry
B. it is worth nothing
C. D. it is difficult for him to carry such a thing without being noticed
I found out one time that doing a favor for someone could get you into a lot of trouble. I was in the eighth grade at the time, and we were having a final test. During the test, the girl sitting next to me whispered something, but I didn’t understand. So I leaned over her way and found out that she was trying to ask me if I had an extra pen. She showed me that hers was out of ink and would not write. I happened to have an extra one, so I took it out of my pocket and put it on her desk.
Later, after the test papers had been turned in, the teacher asked me to stay in the room when all the other students were dismissed. As soon as we were alone she began to talk to me about what it meant to grow up; she talked about how important it was to stand on your own two feet and be responsible (负责任) for your own acts. For a long time, she talked about honesty and emphasized the fact that when people do something dishonest, they are really cheating themselves. She made me promise that I would think seriously about all the things she had said, and then she told me I could leave. I walked out of the room wondering why she had chosen to talk to me about all those things.
Later on, I found out that she thought I had cheated on the test. When she saw me lean over to talk to the girl next to me, it looked as if I was copying answers from the girl’s test paper. I tried to explain about the pen, but all she could say was it seemed very very strange to her that I hadn’t talked of anything about the pen the day she talked to me right after the test. Even if I tried to explain that I was just doing the girl a favor by letting her use my pen, I am sure she continued to believe that I had cheated on the test.
1. The story took place exactly ____ .
A. in the teacher’s office B. in an exam room
C. in the school D. in the language lab
2. The girl wanted to borrow a pen, because ____ .
A. she had not brought a pen with her B. she had lost her own on her way to school
C. there was something wrong with her wn D. her own had been taken away by someone
3. The teacher saw all this, so she asked the boy ____ .
A. to go on writing his paper B. to stop whispering
C. to leave the room immediately D. to stay behind after the exam
4. The thing(s) emphasized in her talk was(were) ____ .
A. honesty B. sense of duty C. seriousness D. all of the above
5. The boy knew everything ____ .
A. the moment he was asked to stay behind B. when the teacher started talking about honesty
C. only some time later D. when he was walking out of the room
To be a good teacher, you need some of the gifts of a good actor; you must be able to hold the attention and interest of your audience; you must be a clear speaker, with a good, strong, pleasing voice which is fully under your control; and you must be able to act what you are teaching, in order to make its meaning clear.
Watch a good teacher, and you will see that he does not sit still before his class： he stands the whole time he is teaching; he walks about, using his arms, hands and fingers to help him in his explanations, and his face to express feelings. Listen to him, and you will hear the loudness, the quality (音色) and the musical note of his voice always changing according to what he is talking about.
The fact that a good teacher has some of the gifts of a good actor doesn’t mean that he will indeed be able to act well on the stage, for there are very important differences between the teacher’s work and the actor’s. The actor has to speak words which he has learnt by heart; he has to repeat exactly the same words each time he plays a certain part, even his movements and the ways in which he uses his voice are usually fixed beforehand (预先). What he has to do is to make all these carefully learnt words and actions seem natural on the stage.
A good teacher works in quite a different way. His audience takes an active part in his play： they ask and answer questions, they obey orders, and if they don’t understand something, they say so. The teacher therefore has to meet the needs of his audience, which is his class. He cannot learn his part by heart, but must invent it as he goes along.
I have known many teachers who were fine actors in class but were unable to take part in a stage-play because they could not keep strictly to what another had written.
1. What is the text about ?
A. How to become a good teacher.
B. What a good teacher should do outside the classroom.
C. What teachers and actors could learn from each other.
D. The similarities(相似处) and differences between a teacher’s work and an actor’s.
2. The word “audience” in the fourth paragraph means ____ .
A. students B. people who watch a play
C. people who not on the stage D. people who listen to something
3. A good teacher ____ .
A. knows how to hold the interest of his students B. must have a good voice
C. knows how to act on the stage D. stands or sits still while teaching
4. In what way is a teacher’s work different from an actor’s ?
A. The teacher must learn everything by heart .
B. He knows how to control his voice better than an actor .
C. He has to deal with unexpected situations .
D. He has to use more facial expressions .
5. The main difference between students in class and a theatre audience is that ____.
A. students can move around in the classroom
B. students must keep silent while theatre audience needn’t
C. no memory work is needed for the students
D. the students must take part in their teachers’ plays
6. Why is it that some good teachers are unable to play well on the stage ?
A. Nobody has taught them how to act on the stage .
B. Their audiences are different .
C. It is impossible for them to do so much memory work .
D. They are not used to repeating exactly the same words .
7. Which of the following is true ?
A. Teachers have to learn by heart what they are going to say in class .
B. A teacher cannot decide beforehand what exactly he is going to say in class .
C. A teacher must speak louder than an actor .
D. A teacher must have a better memory than an actor .
In 1909 an English newspaper offered £ 1,000 to the first man to fly across the English Channel in an aeroplane. Today, modern jets cross it in minutes. But at that time it still seemed a good distance. The race to win the money soon became a race between two men. Both were very colourful.
One was Louis Bleriot. He owned a factory in France that made motor car lamps. He was already well known as a pilot (飞行员) because he had had accidents several times. Some people laughed at him. One man said, “He may not be the first to fly across the Channel but he will certainly be the first to die in an accident!” But Bleriot was really a good and brave pilot. He also had many good ideas about aeroplane design.
The other man was Hubert Latham. He was half French and half English. He took up flying when his doctors told him he had only a year to live. “Oh, well,” he said, “if I’ m going to die soon, I think I shall have a dangerous and interesting life now.” Latham was the first to try the flight (飞行) across the Channel. Ten kilometres from the French coast, his plane had some trouble. It fell down into the water and began to sink under the water. A boat reached Latham just in time. He was sitting calmly on the wing and was coolly lighting a cigarette (香烟). Bleriot took off six days later. He flew into some very bad weather and very low cloud. He somehow got to the English side and landed in a farmer’s field. When he did so, a customs (海关) officer rushed up to his plane. Planes have changed since then, but customs officers have not. “Have you anything to declare?” The officer demanded.
1. The story took place ____ .
A. in the early 20th century B. in the 19th century
C. right after World War I D. at a time not mentioned in the passage
2. Bleriot was well known as a piton because ____ .
A. he was unusually brave
B. he was quite rich
C. he had many good ideas about aeroplane design
D. he had had a few accidents
3. The flight for Bleriot was ____ .
A. a sad one B. a dangerous one C. his first one D. an easy one
4. Why did Hubert Latham want to fly across the Channel?
A. He thought he could manage it easily.
B. He wanted to be the first one to cross the Channel.
C. He knew he only had a year to live.
D. He had always been interested in flying.
5. Which of the following is NOT true?
A. Latham became a pilot on the doctor’s advice.
B. He was told he could live another year.
C. His plane had some trouble.
D. He was saved by a boat when his plane was sinking.
6. Why did the costumes officer rush to the plane?
A. To see if everything was all right with the plane.
B. To make sure that the pilot was not hurt.
C. To ask why the plane had landed in a farmer’s field.
D. None of the above.
7. “Do you have anything to declare?” means ____ .
A. “Do you want any help?”
B. “Is there anything wrong?”
C. “Have you brought anything on which custom duties must be paid?”
D. “Do you have anything to say to the public?”
The Doctor’s Call
There was ice on the road, and the doctor’s car hit a tree and turned over three times. To his surprise, he was not hurt. He got out of the car and walked to the nearest house. He wanted to telephone the garage (汽车修理站) for help. The door was opened by one of his patients.
“Oh, Doctor.” she said, “I have only just telephoned you. You must have a very fast car. You have got here very quickly indeed. There has been a very bad accident (事故) in the road outside. I saw it through the window. I am sure the driver will need your help.”
1. Where was the doctor going in his car?
A. We don’t know. B. To a patient’s home.
C. To a garage. D. To his own home.
2. Which of the following was the cause of the accident?
A. Careless driving. B. A tree had fallen across the road.
C. A slippery (滑) road. D. There was a thick fog.
3. The doctor went to the house because
A. he knew one of his patients lived there.
B. he had received a call to go there.
C he wanted to use the telephone.
D. he was injured (受伤) and could walk no further.
4. Why did the woman patient telephone the doctor?
A. She needed medical treatment.
B. She believed somebody else needed a doctor.
C. To ask how quickly the doctor could come.
D. To ask whether the doctor was coming on his regular visit.
5. How did the woman feel on opening the door and seeing the doctor?
A. She had been expecting the doctor, but was surprised that he had come so quickly.
B. She had not expected the doctor and wondered why he had come.
C. She felt glad that the doctor was not hurt in the accident.
D. She was alarmed (惊慌) at seeing the doctor in a bad state after the accident.
6. Which of the following is the most likely reply the doctor gave the woman patient at the end
of the story?
A. “Yes, he does need help-your help, not mine.”
B. “Another accident? I’ve just had an accident myself!”
C. “I got your call and rushed over. I hope I’m not too late.
D. “I didn’t get your call. But I’m here and hope I can help.”
My father, at the death of his father, was six years old, and he grew up without education. He moved from Kentucky to Indiana when I was seven. We reached our new home about the time the state came into the Union. It was a wild area, with many bears and other wild animals still in the woods. I grew up there. There were some so-called schools, but what was required of a teacher never went beyond “reading, writing, and adding.” If a stranger supposed to understand Latin happened to live for a time in the area, he was looked on as wizard (奇才). There was simply nothing to excite a desire for education. Of course, when I grew up, I did not know much. Still, somehow, I could read, write, and add, but that was all. The advance I have now made is on this store of education, which I have picked up under the pressure of necessity.
1. When the writer was a child ____ .
A. his grandfather died in the state of Kentucky
B. his family settled down in the countryside of Indiana
C. Kentucky joined the Union as a member state
D. his family had to move from place to place
2. When the writer was seven, his family moved to an area where ____ .
A. educated people were greatly respected
B. only a few had a knowledge of Latin
C. people were often killed by wild animals
D. the land had yet to be farmed
3. The schools in the area ____ .
A. were of poor quality (质量) B. offered all kinds of subjects
C. respected those who knew Latin D. had teachers good at reading, writing, and adding
4. How did the writer look at his early education?
A. He believed he met the school requirements.
B. He thought he was well-educated.
C. He thought it was not satisfactory.
D. He believed he was poorly educated.
5. At the time he wrote, the writer ____ .
A. had to learn to read, write and add
B. found it necessary to receive advanced education
C. was probably fairly well-educated
D. was dissatisfied with his level of education
Tarawa is one of the two largest of the Gilbert Islands in the western Pacific Ocean, but it is a very tiny island, with an area of about eight square miles, and a population of about 17,000. Small as it is, three nations fought to control and use it as an air base during World War II. The Japanese took it from the British in 1941, only to lose it to the Americans tow years later after one of the bloodiest (血腥的) battles of the war. Today, the Gilbert Islands having become part of the Kiribati Pepublic, Tarawa is now its capital and major seaport (海港).
1. Which of the following diagrams (图解) gives the correct relationship (关系) between Kiribati, Tarawa and Gilbert Islands?
(K--Kiribati; T--Tarawa; G--the Gibert Islands)
2. Tarawa belongs to ______.
A. Japan. B. the U.S. C. Britain. D. Kiribati.
3. Tarawa lies nearer to ______.
A. Japan than to the U.S. B. the U.S. than to Japan.
C. Britain than to the U.S. D. Britain than to Japan.
4. Tarawa was important during World War II because of its ______.
A. size. B. population. C. position. D. history.
5. In recent history, Tarawa ______.
A. had been ruled by three nations one after another.
B. has been fought over in a tough battle by three nations.
C. has been divided and ruled by three different nations.
D. has always stayed out of the way of wars and battles.
The flying fox is not a fox at all. It is an extra large bat that has got a fox’s head, and that feeds on fruit instead of insects (昆虫). Like all bats, flying foxes hang themselves by their toes when at rest, and travel in great crowds when out flying. A group will live in one spot for years. Sometimes several hundred of them occupy (占据) a single tree. As they return to the tree toward sunrise, they quarrel among themselves and fight for the best places until long after daylight.
Flying foxes have babies once a year, giving birth to only one at a time. At first the mother has to carry the baby on her breast wherever she goes. Later she leaves it hanging up, and brings back food for it to eat. Sometimes a baby bat falls down to the ground and squeaks (尖叫) for help. Then the older ones swoop (俯冲) down and try to pick it up. If they fail to do so, it will die. Often hundreds of dead baby bats can be found lying on the ground at the foot of a tree.
1. The passage tells us that there is no difference between the flying fox and the ordinary bat in______.
A. their size. B. their appearance.
C. the kind of food they eat. D. the way they rest.
2. Flying foxes tend to ______.
A. double (翻一番) their number every year.
B. fight and kill a lot of themselves.
C. move from place to place constantly.
D. lose a lot of their young.
3. At daybreak every day flying foxes begin to______.
A. fly out toward the sun. B. look for a new resting place.
C. come back to their home. D. go out and look for food.
4. Flying foxes have fights ______.
A. to occupy the best resting places. B. only when it is dark.
C. to protect their homes from outsiders (外来者).
D. when there is not enough food.
5. How do flying foxes care for their young?
A. They only care for their own babies.
B. They share the feeding of their young.
C. They help when a baby bat is in danger.
D. They often leave home and forget their young.
Shu Pulong has helped at least 1000 people bitten (咬) by snakes. “It was seeing people with snake bites (伤口) that led me to this career,” he said.
In 1963, after his army service, Shu entered a medical school and later became a doctor of Chinese medicine. As part of his studies he had to work in the mountains. There he often heard of people who had their arms and legs cut off after a snake bite in order to save their lives.
“I was greatly upset by the story of an old farmer I met. It was a very hot afternoon. The old man was pulling grass in his fields when he felt a pain in his left hand. He at once realized he had been bitten by a poisonous snake. In no time he wrapped a cloth tightly around his arm to stop the poison spreading to his heart. Rushing home he shouted ‘Bring me the knife!’ Minutes later the man lost his arm forever.”
“The sad story touched me so much that I decided to devote myself to helping people bitten by snakes,” Shu said.
1. The best headline (标题) for this newspaper article is .
A. Astonishing Medicine B. Farmer Loses Arm
C. Dangerous Bites D. Snake Doctor
2. The farmer lost his arm because .
A. the cloth was wrapped too tightly B. he cut it off to save his life
C. Shu wasn’t there to help him D. he was alone in the fields
3. She decided to devote himself to snake medicine because .
A. he wanted to save people’s arms and legs B. he had studied it at a medical school
C. he had seen snakes biting people D. his army service had finished
4. Why did Shu go into the mountains?
A. He wanted to study snake bites . B. He wanted to help the farmers .
C.He was being trained to be a doctor . D. He was expected to serve in the army .
5. Which of the following words can take the place of the word career in the first paragraph(段)?
A. conclusion B. story C. incident D. job
1B 2 A 3 D 4 D 5 C
1D 2 B 3 A 4 B 5 B
1D 2 B 3 B 4 A 5 D
1D 2 C 3 B 4 B 5 D
1C 2 B 3 D 4 C 5 A
1C 2 C 3 A 4 C 5 B
1C 2 A 3 A 4 B 5 C
1C 2 B 3 C 4 C 5 D 6 B
1D 2 B 3 D 4 A 5 C
1C 2 D 3 B 4 D 5 C
1B 2 A 3 C 4 D 5 A
1C 2 A 3 D 4 D 5 B
1D 2 A 3 C 4 A 5 B
1B 2 C 3 A 4 D 5 A
1C 2 D 3 A 4 D 5 B
1D 2 C 3 B 4 B
1A 2 B 3 D 4 C 5 B
1B 2 C 3 B 4 A 5 D
1D 2 C 3 C 4 D 5 B
1D 2 B 3 C 4 A 5 C
1B 2 C 3 D 4 D
1B 2 A 3 A 4 D 5 C 6 B
1B 2 C 3 A 4 B 5 A
1C 2 D 3 A 4 C 5 B
1.D 2.A 3.B 4.B 5.C
1D 2 B 3 A 4 C 5 B
1C 2 D 3 D 4 A 5 C
1D 2 D 3 C 4 D 5 B
1B 2 D 3 A 4 B 5 D 6 A 7 C
1C 2 A 3 D 4 C
1B 2 A 3 B 4 C
1C 2 C 3 C 4 D 5 C
1C 2 B 3 B 4 C
1B 2 D 3 C 4 A 5 C 6 C
1B 2 C 3 A 4 D 5 D
1C 2 C 3 A 4 C 5 B
1A 2 C 3 D 4 D 5 A
1A 2 A 3 B 4 C 5 C
1D 2 C 3 C 4 B
1A 2 C 3 D 4 C 5 A
1B 2 C 3 D 4 A 5 C
6 Hospital－C Office－D Bank－C Lake－A Cinema－A
School－A Park－A Car park－B Shops－C Factory－D
1B 2 B 3 B 4 A 5 C
1B 2 C 3 B 4 A 5 A
1A 2 C 3 D 4 B 5 B
1D 2 C 3 A 4 A 5 B
1B 2 B 3 D 4 C 5 C
1C 2 C 3 D 4 B 5 A
1C 2 A 3 D 4 B 5 B
1A 2 D 3 C 4 B 5 D
1A 2 B 3 D 4 D 5 D
1B 2 C 3 A 4 C 5 C
1C 2 B 3 D 4 C 5 A
1B 2 B 3 D 4 A 5 B
1C 2 A 3 D 4 A 5 B
1B 2 A 3 C 4 B 5 C
1B 2 A 3 B 4 C
1D 2 A 3 B 4 C 5 A
1A 2 B 3 A 4 D 5 C
1C 2 B 3 C 4 B 5 A
1B 2 D 3 A 4 C 5 B
1C 2 A 3 D 4 D 5 B
1B 2 B 3 C 4 C 5 D
1C 2 A 3 B 4 A
1B 2 C 3 D 4 C 5 A
1C 2 D 3 D 4 C 5 C
1C 2 B 3 B 4 C 5 D 6 A
1B 2 A 3 A 4 D 5 B
1C 2 A 3 D 4 A 5 B
1A 2 C 3 D 4 C
1D 2 D 3 B 4 A 5 A
1C 2 C 3 A 4 A 5 C
1A 2 D 3 B 4 C 5 C
1B 2 D 3 D 4 B 5 B
1B 2 D 3 C 4 A 5 A
1B 2 A 3 D 4 D 5 C
1A 2 B 3 C 4 B 5 D
1C 2 B 3 D 4 A 5 A
1D 2 D 3 A 4 B 5 C
1B 2 C 3 B 4 B 5 D
1C 2 C 3 A 4 D 5 B
1D 2 C 3 A 4 C 5 A
1B 2 A 3 C 4 C
1D 2 B 3 A 4 D 5 C
1C 2 C 3 D 4 D 5 A
1B 2 C 3 C 4 D
1A 2 D 3 .B 4 B 5 C
1B 2 C 3 B 4 D 5 D
1A 2 B 3 C 4 D 5 B
1C 2 B 3 C 4 D 5 D
1C 2 C 3 B 4 B 5 A
1B 2 B 3 C 4 A 5 D
1B 2 C 3 C 4 C 5 D
1B 2 C 3 D 4 A 5 C
1D 2 A 3 A 4 C 5 D 6 D 7 B
1A 2 D 3 B 4 C 5 A 6 D 7 C
1A 2 C 3 C 4 B 5 A 6 A
1B 2 D 3 A 4 C 5 C
1A 2 D 3 A 4 C 5 A
1D 2 D 3 C 4 A 5 C
1D 2 B 3 A 4 C 5 D
Copyright© 2006-2020 主站 www.5ykj.com , All Rights Reserved 闽ICP备12022453号-30