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2010届高三英语上册期中考试试题

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2010届高三英语上册期中考试试题(满分150分,120分钟完成。答案一律写在答题卡、答题纸上)
第I卷 (共105分)
I. Listening Comprehension (30)
  Part A Short Conversations (10)
  Directions:  In this part you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it,read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard.
1. A. Last week.      B. On Friday.       C. On Monday.      D. Yesterday.
2. A. At a department store.             B. At a friends home
  C. At a bakery.                       D. At a birthday party.
3. A. ¥4.50.        B. ¥5.            C. ¥5.50          D. ¥6.
4. A. In the street.    B. At work.     C. On the way home.  D. On the train.
5. A. He suddenly decided not to come.   B. He was coming later.
  C. He forgot to come.      D. He wasnt invited.
6. A. Bob cant hear very well.  B. Bob never smokes.
  C. Bob never listens to her.   D. Bob goes out before she says anything to him.
7. A. On a boat trip.   B. In a cinema.    C. At the beach.     D. At a restaurant.
8. A. At 10:05.      B. At 5:10.       C. At 10:40.      D. At 5:20.
9. A. Beijing.         B. Guangzhou.     C. Dalian.         D. Shanghai.
10. A. She bought a new computer.
  B. She watched the volleyball match from the computer.
  C. She was busy in her office.
  D. She was not interested in the volleyball match.
Part B Passages (12)
Directions: In Part B, you will hear two short passages, and you will be asked three questions on each of the passages. The passages will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard.
Question 11 through 13 are based on the following passage.
11. A. Bread.        B. Ketchup.       C. Potatoes.     D.  French fried potatoes.                
12. A. People often have hamburgers with ketchup.
   B. A hamburger is young peoples favorite food.
   C. A hamburger is childrens idea of a good meal.
   D. Old people dont like hamburgers.
13. A. It is easy for people to get hamburgers.
   B. Many people have their hamburgers outside restaurants.
   C. Hamburgers are often delivered to homes.
   D. Hamburgers are popular in America.
Question 14 through 16 are based on the following passage.
14. A. Last November.    B. On Thursday.    C. In 1621.      D. In 1821.
15. A. On the first Thursday of November.
   B. On the fourth Thursday of November.
   C. On the first Tuesday of November.
   D. On the fourth Tuesday of November.
16. A. Because most football fans have a holiday and stay at home.
   B. Because the Indians taught the English settlers to play football.
   C. Because large families often play football together.
   D. Because football is an old-time tradition in America.
Part C Longer Conversations  ( 8 )
Directions: In Part C, you will hear two longer conversations. The conversations will be read twice. After you hear each conversation, you are required to fill in the numbered blanks with the information you have heard. Write your answers on your answer sheet.
Blanks 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation
The man has come to the office... for an (17)__________.
The man has been in computer programming... for(18)__________ years.
The man worked... in a (19)______ family-owned company.
The firm will be in touch with the man... (20)____________________.
Complete the form.  Write ONE WORD for each answer. Blanks 21 through 24 are based on the following conversation.
What is the callers name? (21)_______________
Which of the womans flights has been reconfirmed? (22)_______________
When did the woman make her reservations for the flights? (23)_______________
How does the airlines clerk promise to help the caller? By (24)_____________
Complete the form. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer. Ⅱ. Grammar and Vocabulary ( 25)
Section A    (16)
Directions: Beneath each of the following sentences there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one answer that best completes the sentence.
25. On the large board in the main hall of the airport, you can easily find the different destinations ________ which airlines can take you.
  A. in  B. of   C. by   D. to
26. Often, the fact that unemployed people get help from government ________ this from happening, but not always.
A. to prevent  B. prevents  C. preventing  D. prevented
27. Most people don’t think of a stamp as a receipt, but that is ________ it really is ---- a proof of just how much money you paid in advance for mail delivery.
A. who   B. how   C. what   D. why
28. In his lecture, the education expert emphasized the fact that nowadays  children are exposed to many influences ________ that of their families.
  A. rather than  B. other than  C. except for  D. but for
29. While learning to cook, Marge found that cooking was much harder than the most difficult chemistry experiments: beans and chicken ________ burn and stick to the pan.
A. should   B. must    C. need    D. would
30. The police helicopter managed to land on the roof and rescued all the people ________ the fire burnt up to the top of the building.
A. after   B. before    C. until   D. while
31. It was only after he had spent several nights digging around the cross ________ he decided to write to Kit Williams to find out if he was wasting his time there.
A. that   B. how    C. and which  D. what
32. There is little, ________, farming in that area and all you can see is miles of wild countryside.
  A. if so   B. if such   C. if not   D. if any
33. The activities of the international marketing researchers are frequently much boarder than ________.
  A. the domestic marketers have    B. the domestic marketers do
  C. those of the domestic marketers   D. that which has the domestic marketers
34. ________ to the reproductive rates of other small mammals, that of the bat is very low indeed.
  A. Compared  B. It is compared  C. To be comparing  D. Have compared
35. Clara Bow, a popular actress in the 1920’s, retired ________ she was unable to make the transition from silent films to sound films.
  A. though   B. nevertheless  C. because   D. provided
36. Earthquakes can damage a tree ________ violently, and it can take several years for the tree to heal.
  A. to cause shaking   B. when causes it shaking
C. by causing it to shake  D. to cause to shake it
37. Tornados, powerful and destructive wind storms, occur most often in the spring when hot winds ________ over flat land encounter heavy cold air
  A. which to rise  B. risen   C. are rising  D. rising
38. Probably no man had more effect on the daily lives of most people in the United States ________ Henry, Ford, a pioneer in automobile production.
  A. as was    B. than was  C. than did  D. as did
39. Not until actually faced with water scarcity ________ appreciate the value of water to a region.
  A. one can   B. one cannot  C. can one  D. cannot one
40. The picture exhibition bored me to death. I wish I ________ to it.
  A. have not gone  B. did not go  C. can not have gone D. had not gone Section B    (9)
Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need.
A. comprehending     B. industry       C. range    D. enhance       E. adopted
AB. pronounce        AC. flooding     AD. valued     BC. operating    BD. tend      THE speeches of US President Barack Obama have become the favorite way for Japanese to study the English language. Japanese publishers have been ____41____ the market with over a dozen language-learning titles. Companies are trying to tap into a foreign-language teaching ____42____ that the Yano Research Institute said was ____43____ at 767 billion yen ($8.6 billion) in 2008.
Why is there such a massive Japanese market for recordings and books of Obamas speeches? Japanese say that listening to Obama speak is a sure-fire way to ____44____ their English-speaking skills.  
Most Japanese, including those studying English, would have difficulty ____45____ a speech given by a native English speaker. But “Obamas English is easy to understand because he can ____46____ words clearly and speaks at a relatively slow clip,” said Professor Tadaharu Nikaido, a communication specialist. “Movies ____47____ to be the most difficult for Japanese, especially when actors mumble their words.” Obama sets his ____48____ of vocabulary wide enough to accommodate all levels of English speakers, Nikaido added, and at the lower end, it sometimes comes within the range of non-native speakers comprehension.
The Obama speech phenomenon has given way to more books and magazines that focus on how Obamas communication skills might be ____49____ in Japan for business and political purposes. At least half a dozen books and magazine covers of this kind have appeared in the past several months in Japan.
III. Reading Comprehension   (50)
   Section A  (15)
   Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. Nothing seems more inevitable than aging and death ---- not even taxes. Every plant, animal and person you have ever seen will ____50____ die. But some recent research suggests that aging as we know it may not be inevitable. Indeed, as our ____51____ of it grows, aging can be seen not as an unchangeable reality from which there is no escape, but as the product of biological processes that we may be able to ____52____ someday.
     We already know that some animals do not seem to age. Many cold-water ocean fish and some amphibians (两栖动物) never ____53____ a fixed size; they continue to grow bigger, to be able to reproduce and to live until something kills them. What these ____54____ seem to be telling us is that something in their genes ---- and possibly in ours ---- controls the ____55____ of aging, and that aging is not the fate of every living thing.
      ____56____ the history of life on earth, one of the most common difficulties that animals ( and their cells) have faced has been a lack of food. About 70 years ago, scientists discovered that when animals are forced to live on 30 to 40 percent fewer calories ( 卡路里 ) than they would ____57____ eat, something unusual happens: they become ____58____ to most age-related diseases ---- cancer, heart disease, diabetes (糖尿病) ---- and live 30 to 50 percent longer. Restricting calories ____59____ aging. But what are the ____60____ genes that preserve vitality( 生命力 ) and starve off diseases?
      About 15 years ago, armed with powerful new molecular-research techniques, a few scientists began to ____61____ these genetic phenomena. They have discovered that a gene called Sir2 ---- which is present in all animals, including humans ---- is ____62____ for the health benefits of calorie restriction, perhaps by repairing our DNA. But if we had to restrict our calorie intake by 30 to 40 percent, would it be of any ____63____ use? Few of us would be capable of restricting our diets so severely that we were constantly ____64____ : whether or not it made life longer, it would surely make life feel longer.
50. A. suddenly     B. eventually        C. separately        D. unexpectedly
51. A. desire        B. feeling           C. dream           D. understanding
52. A. develop        B. design           C. control          D. solve
53. A. reach          B. acquire          C. need             D. display
54. A. objects        B. samples         C. items           D. creatures
55. A. nature        B. system          C. pace             D. condition
56. A. Through       B. Throughout       C. Beyond          D. Across
57. A. rarely         B. occasionally      C. normally         D. mainly
58. A. resistant       B. similar          C. essential        D. accessible
59. A. quickens       B. slows           C. avoids           D. overcomes
60. A. horrible       B. extra            C. specific          D. original
61. A. investigate     B. illustrate         C. record           D. prove
62. A. famous        B. generous         C. responsible       D. convenient
63. A. fashionable    B. practical           C. immediate          D. daily
64. A. happy          B. depressed        C. hungry,          D. scared
Section B  (30)
Directions: Read the following passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits according to the information given in the passage you have just read.
(A)
When I saw the notice “Women film extras wanted” in a local newspaper, I jumped at the chance. Since childhood, I had dreamt of being a film star.
The casting interview went well, and two days later I was told that I had been chosen. I was to lose some of my enthusiasm for the idea, however. Extras are often left in the dark for some time as to which role they will play. Finally the nature of my role was revealed: I was asked to play a mental hospital patient.
Despite my disappointment, I agreed to participate. Then, barely a week later, the day of filming dawned. All 13 of us extras, mainly housewives, were driven to an old hospital. The coffee and tea they served us looked and tasted like cement. Then we were rushed off to make-up. My hair was pinned back and make-up was applied that gave me a pale appearance. Then we just sat in a minibus for a few hours, as the cameras rolled elsewhere.
    After the second hour had passed I was becoming bored. I bet stars are never treated like this, I thought. I had expected to be so busy that I hadn’t come prepared for a long wait. Many of the others had brought a book or knitting.
    Three hours had now passed. Then at last we were called to do our scenes. When the director came in, we were instructed where to stand and what to do. Along with a few others, I was told to sit at a table and weave baskets. This was not an easy task. The cane(藤条)we had to use was very long. On several occasions my basket fell apart in front of my very eyes. On others I only succeeded in hitting a cameraman in the eye.
    Life for the other extras was far from easy. Jean, who was barefoot,had to circle the floor. Poor Alice was asked to pretend to bang her head against the wall. Meanwhile, Veronica swept the floor.
  Thankfully, after just a few attempts, the scenes were done. And so my first taste of this “glorious” career was over. Although I found the experience quite interesting. My first screen role will almost certainly be my last.
65. The word “extras” used in this story means people who__________.
    A. play unimportant parts in a film
    B. have little experience of acting
    C. pretend to be film stars
    D. need a part-time job
66. According to the story, which of the following statements is true about the author?
    A. She understood clearly that most film stars used to be extras.
    B. She didn’t refuse the role assigned to her although she didn’t like it.
    C. Unlike other women who were reading or knitting,she was busy with her scene.
    D. The only thing she did well was to use the cane as a weapon.
67. The best title for this story could be__________.
    A. In Fashion    B. On Camera  C. A Fancy Dream  D. A Great Career (B)
As public playgrounds grow increasingly worn and shabby, the for-profit centers offer clean, safe, supervised activity as well as a variety of challenging exercises to develop youngsters’ physical fitness, usually for a fee of around $5 an hour. “Playgrounds are dirty, not supervised,” says Dick Guggenheimer, owner of the two-month-old Discovery Zone in Yonkers, N.Y., part of a Kansas City-based chain. “We’re indoors; we’re padded(铺上软垫); parents can feel their child is safe.”
Discovery Zone has sold 120 outlets in the past 14 months, boasting sandboxes full of brightly colored plastic balls, mazes(迷宫), obstacle courses, slides and mountains to climb. Now McDonalds is getting into the act. The burger giant is test-marketing a new playground, Leaps&Bounds, in Naperville, Ill. Phys Kids of Wichita has opened one center and has plans to expand.
American parents are rightly worried about their kids leisure life. There are 36 million children in the U.S. aged 2 to 11 who watch an average of 24 hours of TV a week and devote less and less energy to active recreation. Nationwide decrease in education budgets are making the problem worse, as gym classes and after-hours sports time get squeezed. Says Discovery Zone president Jack Gunion: “we have raised a couple of pure couch potatoes.”
In an attempt to attract more people , the new facilities cater to the concerns of two-earner families, staying open in the evenings, long after traditional public playground have grown dark and unusable. At Naperville’s Leaps&Bounds, families can play together for $4.95 per child, parents free. Fresh-faced assistants, dressed in colorful sport pants and shirts, guide youngsters to appropriate play areas for differing age group.
These new playground are not meant to be day-care facilities; parents are expected to stay and play with their kids rather than drop them off. But several also provide high-tech baby-sitting services. At some of the Discovery Zones, parents can register their children in special supervised programs, then leave them and slip away for a couple of hours to enjoy a movie or dinner.
The most fun of all, though, is getting to do what parents used to do in the days before two-career families and two-hour commutes: play with their kid. That, at least, is old-fashioned, even at per-hour rates.
68. What is this article mainly talking about?
A. Children can play in the public playground without parents’ care.
B. The fast development of Discovery Zone.
C. A new type of playground for kids.
D. The decay of outdoor playground.
69. According to the article, which of the following is true to the new playground?
A. The cost is high for a family.
B. It’s a place where kids can watch TV while eating potatoes.
C. It doesn’t allow parents to leave their kids.
D. It’s a place where parents can play together with their kids.
70. What does the writer mean by saying “old-fashioned”?
A. The so-called new playground is outdated.
B. the new playground offers a fashion which is popular in the past.
C. The new playground is also enjoyed by old people.
D. The new playground is actually enjoyed by parents
71. What is the writer’s attitude toward the new playground?
A. Agreeable.  B. Indifferent.  C. Objective.  D. Neutral.
(C)
Engineering students are supposed to be examples of practicality and rationality, but when it comes to my college education I am an idealist and a fool. In high school I wanted to be an electrical engineer and, of course, any sensible student with my aims would have chosen a college with a large engineering department, famous reputation and lots of good labs and research equipment. But that’s not what I did.
 I chose to study engineering at a small liberal-arts(文科)university that doesn’t even offer a major in electrical engineering. Obviously, this was not a practical choice; I came here for more noble reasons. I wanted a broad education that would provide me with flexibility and a value system to guide me in my career. I wanted to open my eyes and expand my vision by interacting with people who weren’t studying science or engineering. My parents, teachers and other adults praised me for such a sensible choice. They told me I was wise and mature beyond my 18 years, and I believed them.
 I headed off to college and I was sure I was going to have an advantage over those students who went to big engineering “factories” where they didn’t care if you had values or were flexible. I was going to be a complete engineer: technical genius and sensitive humanist(人文学者)all in one.
 Now I’m not so sure. Somewhere along the way my noble ideals crashed into reality, as all noble ideals eventually do. After three years of struggling to balance math, physics and engineering courses with liberal-arts courses, I have learned there are reasons why few engineering students try to reconcile(协调)engineering with liberal-arts courses in college.
 The reality that has blocked my path to become the typical successful student is that engineering and the liberal arts simply don’t’ mix as easily as I assumed in high school. Individually they shape a person in very different ways; together they threaten to confuse. The struggle to reconcile the two fields of study is difficult.
72. The author chose to study engineering at a small liberal-arts university because he _______.
 A. wanted to be an example of practicality and rationality
 B. intended to be a combination of engineer and humanist
 C. wanted to coordinate engineering with liberal-arts courses in college
 D. intended to be a sensible student with noble ideals.
73. In the eyes of the author, a successful engineering student is expected _______
 A. to have an excellent academic record
 B. to be wise and mature
 C. to be imaginative with a value system to guide him
 D. to be a technical genius with a wide vision
74. The author’s experience shows that he was _______.
 A. creative
 B. ambitious
 C. unrealistic
 D. irrational
75. The word “they” in “…together they threaten to confuse.” (Line 3, Para.5) refers to _______
 A. engineering and the liberal arts.
 B. reality and noble ideals
 C. flexibility and a value system
 D. practicality and rationality
(D)
Sport is not only physically challenging, but it can also be mentally challenging. Criticism from coaches, parents, and other teammates, as well as pressure to win can create an excessive amount of anxiety or stress for young athletes(运动员). Stress can be physical, emotional, or psychological, and research has indicated that it can lead to burnout. Burnout has been described as dropping or quitting of an activity that was at one time enjoyable.
 The early years of development are critical years for learning about oneself. The sport setting is one where valuable experiences can take place. Young athletes can, for example, learn how to cooperate with others, make friends, and gain other social skills that will be used throughout their lives. Coaches and parents should be aware, at all times, that their feedback to youngsters can greatly affect their children. Youngsters may take their parents’ and coaches’ criticisms to heart and find a flaw(缺陷)in themselves.
 Coaches and parents should also be cautious that youth sport participation does not become work for children. The outcome of the game should not be more important than the process of learning the sport and other life lessons. In today’s youth sport setting, young athletes may be worrying more about who will win instead of enjoying themselves and the sport. Following a game, many parents and coaches focus on the outcome and find fault with youngsters’ performances. Positive reinforcement should be provided regardless of the outcome. Research indicates that positive reinforcement motivates and has a greater effect on learning than criticism. Again, criticism can create high levels of stress, which can lead to burnout. 76. An effective way to prevent the burnout of young athletes is __________________.
 A. to make sports less competitive
 B. to make sports more challenging
 C. to reduce their mental stress
 D. to increase their sense of success
77. According to the passage sport is positive for young people in that _____________.
 A. it can help them learn more about society
 B. it teaches them how to set realistic goals for themselves
 C. it enables them to find flaws in themselves
 D. it can provide them with valuable experiences
78. Many coaches and parents are in the habit of criticizing young athletes ________.
 A. without realizing criticism may destroy their self confidence
 B. in order to make them remember life’s lessons
 C. believing that criticism is beneficial for their early development
 D. so as to put more pressure on them
79. The author’s purpose in writing the passage is _________________.
 A. to persuade young children not to worry about criticism
 B. to stress the importance of positive reinforcement to children
 C. to discuss the skill of combining criticism with encouragement
 D. to teach young athletes how to avoid burnout Section C  (5)
Direction: Read the following text and choose the most suitable heading from A—F for each paragraph. There is one extra heading which you do not need
       A. Developing a test plan
       B. Performing different tests
       C. Checking testing data
       D. Setting up test environment
       E. Analyzing test results
       F. Deciding the fate of a software system
    
80. .                   
Testing of complex software project itself is a complex project in software quality assurance. It employs software test methodology, risk management, and well-structured testing procedures. A thorough test plan is essential to the success of software testing. A test plan includes test cases, necessary, software testing tools, hardware, special instructions for the test and contingent plan in the case of failures.
81. .                   
     Test environment preparation is progressed parallel to the development of test cases. Support software, hardware, simulators, models, and etc. are installed. Initialization of environment and software to be tested (such as setting flags, breakpoints, pointers, data, or control parameters) are performed.
82. .                   
      Various types of testing are conducted to execute the test cases. Test data are recorded for later analysis. Unit test is used to confirm that the code matches the specification. Component testing is used to confirm that the defined functions perform as required by the business requirements. Integration testing ensures that the new application will work successfully without adversely impacting on other operational systems. System testing confirms that performance, stress and volume are at acceptable levels. Operational testing explores the manageability of the system. Usability or user acceptance testing examines whether the system is user friendly.
83. .                   
      Test data may clearly indicate the success or failure of software functionality. Analysis of system performance usually involves data manipulation and statistic. The analysts must check the arrangements and magnitudes of the data, analyze the relationships of data etc. They must also choose suitable statistic software to conduct the analysis.
84. .                   
Software testing, like software development, is an iterative process. Software testing project rarely ends up with approving or rejecting the system in a few iterations. Testing results usually point the areas for bug-fixing and enhancements. A test project is complete when a software system is eventually approved or rejected.
第II卷 ( 共45分)
I. Translation (20)
1. 承蒙邀请到开幕式上演讲是我的一大荣幸。(…it…)
2. 尽管困难重重,我们仍然决心按计划完成校长布置的任务。(in spite of)
3. 地球为人类提供了各种生存的条件,我们有责任去保护它不受到破坏。(provide)
4. 这个小孩太顽皮了,使得他那忙于工作的父母常常心烦意乱.(So…that…)
5. 我们在年轻的时候要发奋学习,用知识武装自己的头脑,以便将来更好为人民服务。(equip)
6. 任何犯错误的人,只要他不讳疾忌医,我们都要帮助他。( for fear of)
II. Guided Writing: (25)
Directions: Write an English composition in 120-150 words according to the instructions given below in Chinese.
面对中学生的出国热,社会对此有不同的看法。请谈谈你的看法。    
2010届高三英语期中试卷答案
I. Listening Comprehension
  1—5 CCBBA 6—10 CDDCA  11—13 DDC   14—17 CBA
  17. interview  18. eight   19. small  20. shortly
  21. Ann White 22. flight to London 23. Last week  24. Calling her back
Ⅱ. Grammar and Vocabulary ( 25)
  25—29 DBCBD  30—34 BADCA  35—40 CCDCCD
  41. AC   42. B   43. AD    44. D    45. A    46. AB    47. BD  48. C    49. E
III. Reading Comprehension
50—54 BDCAD  55—59 CBCAB  60—64CACBC
65—67 ABB   68—71 CDBA  72—75 BDCA  76—79 CDAB
  80—84 ADBCF
I. Translation (20)
1. 承蒙邀请到开幕式上演讲是我的一大荣幸。(…it…)
I consider / think of / regard it a great honour to be invited to make a speech at the opening ceremony.
2. 尽管困难重重,我们仍然决心按计划完成校长布置的任务。(in spite of)
In spite of many difficulties, we are still determined to carry out the task assigned by our headmaster as planned.
3. 地球为人类提供了各种生存的条件,我们有责任去保护它不受到破坏。(provide)
The earth provides mankind with all sorts of living conditions and it is our duty to protect it from being damaged.
4. 这个小孩太顽皮了,使得他那忙于工作的父母常常心烦意乱.(So…that…)
So naughty is the child that his parents who are busy with their work are often terribly upset by him.
5. 我们在年轻的时候要发奋学习,用知识武装自己的头脑,以便将来更好为人民服务。(equip)
We work hard when we are young and equip ourselves with knowledge so as to serve the people better in the future.
6. 任何犯错误的人,只要他不讳疾忌医,我们都要帮助他。( for fear of)
Whoever has made mistakes will receive our help if he does not conceal his error for fear of criticism.
 
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