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2010届高考英语复习精炼试题11

ID:47043

时间:2020-11-09

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江苏省2010届高三英语精炼(11)

单项填空

1. Mr. Wang has been selected ________ chairman of the conference.

         A. a                                                                   B. an

C. the                                                               D. /

2. Housework _____ cooking, washing dishes, sweeping and cleaning.

         A. involving                                                     B. involving in

C. involves                                                       D. involves in

3. The emergency ________ that the police should be called at once.

         A. insists                                                          B. suggests

C. requires                                                      D. advises

4. ―Are you very anxious?

   ―Yes. Ten minutes ________ like an hour when you are waiting for a phone call.

         A. seem                                                         B. seems

C. do                                                        D. does

5. ―What do you think of Peter?

   ―He is a helpful person. He is always helping people without expecting anything _____.

         A. in turn                                                         B. in return

C. on his return                                              D. on the turn

6. The refugees (难民)have been fed, clothed and _____ by welfare organizations around the world.

         A. stored                                                         B. collected

C. housed                                                        D. provided

7. ―Why didn’t you join them? You are ________.

   ―I had to receive an unexpected visitor.

         A. wanted to                                                  B. wanted to have

C. supposed to                                                        D. supposed to have

8. John is the only son of the couple, so it is certain that he will ______ the big business when his father gets old.

         A. hand over                                                   B. take over

C. go over                                                        D. turn over

9. With more forests _______, huge quantities of good earth are being washed away.

         A. being destroyed                                       B. destroyed

C. to be destroyed                                        D. destroying

10. Nothing _________ after the terrible fire which had been cause by someone smoking in bed.

         A. remained                                                    B. left

C. continued                                                   D. kept

11. The meeting being over, I found her _____ at the desk and ____ to music.

         A. seating; listened                                      B. seated; listened

         C. seating; listening                                               D. seated; listening

12. ________ as one, the people of that country eventually drove the invaders out of their country.

         A. Linked                                                B. Combined

C. Joined                                                          D. United

13. A monument was set up at the centre of Tian’anmen Square _____ those who devoted their lives to our country.

         A. in praise of                                                 B. in place of

C. in memory of                                             D. in need of

14. Some young people are holding a birthday party next door, and the noise nearly _____ me crazy.

         A. let                                                                 B. get

C. make                                                           D. drive

15.-You didn’t get hurt at all in the traffic accident?

   -_______. I was a lucky dog.

         A. No problem                                        B. I don’t think so

C. I’m afraid not                                        D. Good heavens no

 

完形填空

One fine evening a man walked into a fast - food chicken place and bought a nine - piece bucket of chicken. He  16  his chicken to the park for a romantic picnic under the moonlight with his  17  .

Upon reaching into the  18  , however, he received a  19  . Instead of chicken he discovered nine thousand dollars! The young man  20  the bucket back to the store and asked for his  21  exchange for the money. The manager,  22  by the young man’s honesty, asked for his name and told him he wanted to call the  23  and the local news station to do a morality (道德说教) that would  24  others.

    “My date’s waiting, I just want my chicken,” the hungry man refused.

The manager was deeply struck by the young man’s humility (谦虚). He 25   to be allowed to tell the story on the news. At this the honest man became  26   with the manager and demanded his chicken. “You are an honest man in a (an)   27  world! This is a perfect opportunity to show the world that there are honest people  28  willing to take a stand for what is right. Please, give me your 29  and also the woman’s name. Is that your wife?”

“That’s the  30  ,”said the young man. “My wife is at home. The woman in the car is my girlfriend. Now let me have my chicken   31   I can get out of here.”

It’s  32  to look good to people who don’t  33  you. Many of us do a good deed here and there, and everyone  34  we’re something that we are not. But God sees your heart. It really doesn’t matter how much you  35  or what other people think of you. What matters is what’s on the inside.

16. A. took           B. ate                              C. carried                D. sent

17. A. sister               B. wife                    C. friend                 D. lady

18. A. park           B. car                     C. pocket                D. bucket

19. A. love           B. welcome               C. surprise                D. pleasure

20. A. returned         B. brought                 C. got                  D. lifted

21. A. money           B. right                     C. change               D. chicken

22. A. moved           B. encouraged              C. surprised               D. delighted

23. A. newspaper               B. people                  C. government           D. public

24. A. please         B. desire                   C. inspire                 D. interest

25. A. asked                    B. begged                 C. needed              D. required

26. A. glad           B. calm                   C. angry                D. silent

27. A. dishonest        B. honest                  C. lovely                  D. peaceful

28. A. never          B. even                   C. yet                  D. still

29. A. address        B. name                  C. chicken                D. opinion

30. A. problem                  B. difficulty                    C. astonishment          D. excitement

31 .A. but               B. so                     C. for                    D. as

32. A. difficult             B. good                   C. easy                 D. pleasant

33. A. know             B. love                     C. realize                 D. understand

34. A. finds            B. says                    C. thinks                 D. insists

35. A. get                      B. do                     C. pay                  D. receive

 

阅读理解

                                (A)

If you’re the type of traveler who just wants a suitable place to hang your hat and you don’t want to spend a fortune to do it, here are several ways to save on your next hotel room:

   *Be Flexible   Hotel rates are based on supply and demand, so be aware of peak periods. If your destination’s high season is from December through April and you’re trying to book near the end of April, you might find considerable savings if you change your travel dates by a week or two.

   *Check Hotel Web Sites  The large travel-booking Web sites often sell rooms from the middlemen who have bought up empty hotel moms. But the major hotel chains also offer last-minute discounts, and because they’re not paying the middleman, they sometimes have better deals than the travel sites.

   *Don’t be Afraid to Bargain   Most people are so intimidated (畏缩的) by know-it-all hotel desk clerks that they don’t bargain for a better deal. But bargaining for a better deal is often worth the trouble, because most hotel general managers would prefer having a customer paying a lower-than-usual rate to no customer at all. And if you find something unfair on your hotel bill, don’t be afraid to complain. To keep your goodwill, hotels will often reduce or cancel such charges.

    *Avoid Hidden Costs  Expensive little extras hotels never mention can increase the cost of your stay. Don’t let this happen. Find out about resort fees, fees for parking and Internet use before you agree to stay. And don’t touch the hotel’s phone unless you absolutely have to — the rates can be more than $2 a minute even inside the United States.

36. According to the passage, which of the following will save you some money?

A. Change your visiting places in high season.

B. Book rooms through Web sites.

C. Use the hotel’s phone.

D. Bargain with desk clerks for your room,

37. That travelers can bargain for better deal is often based on the fact that _______.

    A. managers often prefer a lower-paid customer to no customer

    B. there are many places which should not be charged

    C. customers are often afraid to complain the price

    D. the desk clerks and managers often cheat the travelers

38. The passage was mainly written to ________.

A. advertise hotels                                       B. complain high costs

C. serve the travelers                                D. introduce hotel services

 

                                (B)

    Children who spend more time reading with their parents have a greater chance of becoming better readers than those who don’t. With help from their parents, children can learn techniques to improve their reading skills.

    “A lot of parents think after their child learns to read, they should stop reading to them,” Donna George said. “They are sadly mistaken.”

    George offers her services to parents at the Title I Learning Centers. She said reading aloud to children may be the most valuable thing parents can do. “It is better for children to hear things at a higher level than where they are,” George said. “Parents are their child’s first teacher.” Parents help their children build listening, phonics, comprehension and vocabulary skills when they read aloud to them.

     Before parents can identify reading problems, they should escape the enemy-television and limit the time their children spend watching television. George suggested not allowing kids to have a TV in their bedrooms, setting a schedule of when kids can watch or keeping a list of how many programs children watch. Louise Joines said while her 14-year-old daughter and 10-year-old son enjoy reading, the television sometimes becomes a distraction. So she tries to build the situation by suggesting books the entire family will enjoy reading together, like the Harry Potter series.

     Parents who do not read themselves should not count on their children being enthusiastic about it. If parents would read to their children at least 15 minutes every day, children would not have so many problems in school. It is the patents’ job to help build that desire in their children, and of course to know what kind of books to read is also important.

39. According to George, reading aloud to children ________.

A. help them correct mistakes

B. is helpful to their reading

C. is parents’ first duty to their children

D. can get children out of television’s attraction

40. The underlined word (in Paragraph 4 ) means something that __________.

A. can improve children’s reading

B. can help children’s right way of reading

C. can make children interested in reading

D. can make children not attentive

41. What does the fourth paragraph mainly want to show is important?

A. reading skills                        B. reading speed

C. feeding materials                  D. reading environment

42. If the passage is not completed, which of the following can follow the fifth paragraph?

    A. Parents choose reading materials for their children.

B. Advice is given to control their children.

C. What TV programs children can watch during reading.

D. How children improve their reading by themselves.

43. Which one would be the best title for the passage?

A. Children Spend More Time Reading with Parents.

       B. Parents Are Their Child’s First Teacher.

       C. How Parents Make Their Child a Better Render.

D. How to Improve Children’s Reading Ability.

 

对话填空

A= a passer-by  B = a native

A: (44) E______ me, could you tell me which bus I can take to the Wang Fu Jing Department Store?

B: Just take the No. 1 bus going in that (45) d______ (pointing) and get off at the Wang Fu Jing Stop. Walk a few (46) s________ to the corner and turn left. Keep on (47) g________ until you come to a tall cream-colored building. That’s the Wang Fu Jing Department Store. There are usually a lot of cars (48) p_______ in front of it.

A: Thank you. And where is the No. 1 bus stop?

B: (pointing) It’s over there.

A: How many (49) s_____ are there from here to Wang Fu Jing?

B: Only one.

A: In that case, I’d rather walk.

B: It’s about a twenty-five (50) m_____ walk. I think you must know the Beijing Hotel when you see it.

A: Yes, I do. It’s on the (51) l____________ side of the street.

B: That’s right. You walk (52) p_______ the Hotel and turn left at the (53) c________. Keep on walking and you’ll get to the Department Store.

A: Thank you.

B: You’re welcome.

 

(44)_________

 

(45) _________

(46) _________

(47) _________

 

(48) _________

 

 

(49) _________

 

 

(50) _________

 

(51) _________

(52) _________

(53) _________

 

书面表达

最近,你班就“考试”这一话题举行了一次讨论会。请根据以下信息,用英语写一篇短文,叙述大家对考试的看法。

考试非常重要

可以通过考试了解自己的学习效果,把成绩作为努力的动力。

考试并不能说明什么

1. 有人得高分就兴高采烈,考试不及格就情绪低落。2. 有的为了取得好成绩,甚至不参加任何课外活动。3. 如果没有考试,大家就不必为此担心,还可以选  择自己喜欢的科目,多参加课外活动,在社会实践中学习更多的东西。

你对考试的看法

1.考试是必要的,但应该进行适当的改革。

………………

    1. 短文必须包括所有要点。

    2. 词数:120左右。

    3. 参考词汇:改革reform ; 课外活动 extra-curricular activities

4. 文章的第一句已为你写好,不计入总词数:Some students think that it is very important to have an exam.

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

 

参考答案

【单项填空】

1.D 表示头衔职务地名词作宾语、补语及同位语时(有时放在as之后),一般不用冠词。

2.C involve在这里意为“包括、包含”。

3.C require意为“要求”,引导宾语从句时用虚拟语气。

4.B 表示时间、距离、金额数量等的名词作为一个整体作主语时,谓语动词常用单数形式。

5.B in turn意为“依次”。in return意为“作为回报”。on his return意为“他一回来”。D无此用法。

6.C house在此句中为动词,意为“给(某人)提供住所”。根据题意,其他选项均不符合。

7.D 此题考查be supposed to的用法。因为此事是已过去的事情,故用不定式的完成式。应选D。

8.B hand over意为“移交、交出”。take over意为“接管”。go over意为“复习、仔细检查”。turn over意为“移交给、翻身”。

9.A 根据后面暗示动作正在进行,more forests 与destroy之间构成逻辑上的被动关系且动作正在进行。故选A项。

10.A remain意为“剩下、留下”,是不及物动词。leave是及物动词,若用被动形式也对。

11.D seat是动词,意为“使……坐下”,常用被动形式,或后接反身代词构成seat oneself。

12.D  link指将人或物连接或联系起来。combine意为“结合、联合”,指为了一目的而把两个以上的事物联系起来。unite意为“联合、团结一致”。

13.C in praise of“赞美、赞扬”。in place of“代替”。in memory of“纪念”。in need of“需要”。

14.D drive sb. crazy意为“使某人发疯”,是习惯搭配。

15. D Good heavens意为“天哪”。常用于表示“惊讶,谴责或宽慰”,no相当于I don’t get hurt。“No problem”。意为“没关系,没问题”,用于安慰对方。I don’t think so 意为“我不这么认为”。当我们不同意对方观点或看法时,则使用本句。另一常听到的语句 I’m afraid not。也具有相近的表达意味,但语气比I don’t think so。更为委婉。

【完形填空】

16.A “把…带到…去” 用take sth. to …来表示。carry无方向性;send意为“寄去”,都不符合题意

17.D 从第二段可知,不是他妻子;从romantic picnic可知,只能是他的lady

18.D “当把手伸进bucket的时候”

19.C 因为买的chicken成了dollars,所以应是“吃惊”(surprise)

20.B 年轻人把bucket带回(brought)了商店

21.D

22.A 被年轻人的诚实所感动。(moved)

23.A 经理想通过报纸(newspaper),电台来进行道德教育,从而,鼓励(inspire)他人要诚实

24.C

25.B 经理恳请(begged),宣传此事

26.C 经理的好意,这年轻人并不领情,他只是急于要chicken,然后去见他的lady。这时他很生气(angry)。

27.A “在当今这个不诚实的(dishonest)世界上,这是一个很好的机会向世人展示,仍然(still)有人主张要诚实。

28.D still 表示仍然,进一步说明前面的honest people

29.B name 和后面的name 一致

30.A。年轻人去约会的是他的(girlfriend),而不是他的(wife),现在经理让他留下他及他妻子的名字,不是等于把他和他girlfriend的事公布于众吗?对这年轻人来说,当然是一个 problem。

31.B so表示这样,

32.C。easy 表示向不认识的人展示好的一面是很容易的

33.A know表示认识

34.C know表示知道

35.B 最后一段作者通过上面的事例,谈了一点自己的想法。

【阅读理解】

36.D 文章的第一条建议并没有提到更改地方会省钱,因此A项不对:由第二条建议可知,通过网站买票并不一定能够省钱,因此B项不对;由最后一条建议可知旅店的电话费有时是很贵的,因此C项不对;而由第三条建议可知,D项是正确的。

37.A 由文章的第三条建议可知,之所以旅客能够与旅店进行讨价还价是因为他们往往宁愿旅客交低费也不愿房间空着没有人住。

38.C 由文章的第一段可知,本篇文章主要是介绍如何降低旅店住宿费用的方法。因此C项最佳。

B篇属于社会教育类文章。本文主要是介绍父母给孩子读书的重要性,父母给孩子读书有利于孩子的阅读水平的提高。

39.B 由文章的第三段可知。选项A、C没有提到;D项的表述不符合原文。

40.D既然本段第一句就说电视是阅读的敌人,以及后面对电视的限制,因此可以知道电视不利于读书,所以选D。

41.D 本段主要是讲了电视对孩子的阅读会产生不好的影响,常常读书的环境没有电视或者电视关掉,这些都属于阅读环境的内容,因此D项正确。

42.A文章的最后一段的最后一句“of course to know what kind of books to read is also important”暗示了后面应该涉及到孩子应该读什么样的书。因此,A项正确。

43.C 本篇文章主要是说明父母给孩子读书的重要性,父母给孩子读书有利于孩子阅读水平的提高。因此C项正确。A项应该是父母多花时间在孩子身上而不是相反;B项与D硬的范围模糊,不能概括文章的主要内容。

【对话填空】

44. Excuse  45. direction   46. steps   47. going            48. parked

49. stops   50. minutes’   51. left / left-hand    52. part   53. corner

【书面表达】

One possible version:

Some students think that it is very important to have an exam. If so, we know the results of our studies, and the exams also make us study hard.

However, other students don’t think so. They say if they get high marks in the exams, they are very excited. But when they fail, they will be in very low spirits. What’s worse, they don’t usually take part in other extra-curricular activities. If the exams are prohibited, we don’t have to worry about the marks. In that case, we can choose the subjects we like, take part in more activities and learn more through social practice, which will greatly benefit us in the future.

In my opinion, it is. But our exams should be reformed. It should test not only our knowledge, but also our practical abilities.

 

 

 

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