参考范文 Three brothers, who worked for the same company , received different wages due to their different attitudes towards their work, which shows right attitude is of great help to one’s life. Their different attitudes towards their work result in their different wages. From the story I can conclude that those who take positive attitude towards work will be rewarded. Different attitudes lead to different results. Take Xiao Hua as an example. They are both my classmates. Not only does he put his heart into study but he is also helpful both to teachers and students. So he has become a top student in our class, even in the grade. With his diligence and concentration, he is bound to succeed in entering his ideal university. However, Xiao Li never cares about his study because he is addicted to playing games, he turns a deaf ear to the teachers’ advice. As a result, he falls far behind others in his study. In my opinion, attitude is everything. No matter what you do, you must do it well even if you may fail many times. Sooner or later you will be rewarded for your positive attitude towards your work or life.
读写任务2 阅读下面短文，然后按照要求写一篇150词左右的英语短文。 Snacks can be a good way to stop your hunger and get the vitamins your body needs. But you need to pay attention to what you eat. Choosing healthy snacks means shopping smart. Be careful of the health claims on food packages. Just because something says “all natural” or “pure” it doesn’t always mean it’s good for you. Be careful of low-fat food claims, too. If the fat has been cut back the amount of sugar in the food may have been increased to keep the food tasting good. Many low-fat foods have nearly as many calories as their full-fat versions. Here are some ways to make healthy snacking part of your everyday routine. *Keep healthy snacks with you. Keep plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables at home, so you can take them with you when you go out. *Satisfy cravings (渴望) with healthier foods. If you’re crazy about chocolate, try a hot chocolate drink instead of a chocolate bar. Trade ice-cream for yogurt. If you want something salty, eat whole grain biscuits instead of potato chips. *Pay attention to the amount you eat. As with everything, moderation (适度) is the key to smart snacking. [写作内容] 1.概括短文的内容要点，该部分的词数大约30词左右； 2.针对本文所陈述的内容发表自己的看法，至少包含以下的内容要点，该部分的词数约120： 1)简述摄取过多的脂肪和热量的负面影响。 2)你对周围爱吃零食的人的合理化建议。 [写作要求] 你可以使用实例或其它论述方法支持你的论点，也可以参照阅读材料的内容，但不要抄袭阅读材料的句子。 Possible version: The author of the passage intends to inform us of the necessity for teens to choose healthy and moderate snacks, which is beneficial to their health. He also suggests to us some ways to make healthy snacking part of our daily life. As we know, some snacks are high in fat or sugar. Taking too much fat can result in obesity. And most fat people act and react slowly, which has a bad effect on their work and study. Worse still, they are liable to some diseases, such as high blood pressure, high blood sugar, heart trouble and so on. It’s highly advisable that those who are crazy about snacks should eat snacks when necessary. For example, after you take exercise and feel hungry, you’d better have some healthy snacks, such as fresh fruit, nuts, raisins and so on, which is much enough to add the necessary calories or nutrients. 读写任务3 阅读下面的短文，然后按照要求写一篇150词左右的英语短文。 Dear Wei Hua, I’d like to tell you that I managed to achieve a full score of 120 points in
Stick to what you promiseAs described in the passage, Mr Zeng firmly kept his wife’s promise to his child, form which we learn that Mr. Zeng is worth depending on and good at educating children. I can’t agree more with Mr. Zeng’s education method. Had I been his child, I would have formed a deep impression on it and gradually cultivated this quality. Just as an old saying goes, “Action speak louder than words.” If our parents themselves can do what they promise, we are likely to follow them. The passage so well retained me the remembrance of an experience. Once, I made a promise to myself that I wouldn’t play basketball that week. Nevertheless, it is so fascinating that I even tried to persuaded myself to enjoy it. In time, I resisted the temptation and kept my promise. Since then, I have realized that it is keeping our promise that makes us feel a sense of fulfillment and wins respect from others. So, please stick to your promise. 读写任务5 阅读下面的短文，然后按照要求写一篇150词左右的英语短文。 An old man went to live with his son, daughter-in-law, and four-year-old grandson. The family ate together at the table, but his shaky hands and failing sight made eating difficult. Peas rolled off his spoon onto the floor. When he grasped the glass, milk spilled on the tablecloth. The son and daughter-in-law became angry with the mess. So they set a small table in the corner. There Grandfather ate alone while they enjoyed dinner. Since Grandfather had broken a dish or two, his food was served in a wooden bowl. Still, the only words the couple had for him were sharp when he dropped a fork or spilled food. The grandson watched silently. One evening, the father noticed the son playing with wood scraps and asked the child sweetly, “What are you making?” The boy responded, “Oh, I am making a bowl for you and mum to eat your food in when I grow up.” The words struck the parents so hard that they were speechless. Then tears started to stream down their cheeks. The son took gently led Grandfather back to their table. From then on, he ate every meal with them. Neither of them seemed to care any longer when a fork was dropped, milk spilled, or the tablecloth soiled. [写作内容] 1. 以约30个词概括故事的主要情节； 2. 以约120个词就“关爱老人”这个主题发表你的看法，并包括如下要点： (1)结合你的实际生活，谈谈在关爱老人方面，你平时是怎样做的。 (2)就老年人应该得到的待遇发表你的看法并阐明理由。 ［写作要求］ 作文中可使用自己的亲身经历或虚构故事，也可以参照阅读材料的内容, 但不得直接引用原文中的句子； 2.文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 ［评分标准］概括准确，语言规范，内容合适，篇章连贯。 Possible version The story tells us that the grandfather was treated badly by his son and daughter-in-law and the change of the couple’s attitudes after they saw their son was preparing a bowl for them. (33 words) As for me, I always showed my respect and love to the old. When I was young, I brought my questions to them for help often, which made them busy but happy. I formed a habit to take a walk with them after dinner, talking about my study, ambitions and their rich experience. In my opinion, we should treat the old people just like what we want to be treated when we are old. Honor and respect should be given to them by their relatives and the whole society, because they are in poor health, bad mental conditions, and can’t manage everything by themselves. Besides, they’ve already contributed a lot to their family and society and they deserve love from us all. (122 words ) 读写任务6
We Have Different Ideas!This may be the most important choice—the turning point in my life. Never before have I been so serious. For me, a Senior Three student, which university to choose is really a hard question, especially when I hold a completely different opinion from my parents. I’m longing for
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Where to Go for University?The author described a conflict between her parents and herself on whether to go to
2）.To make the child grow strong, parents should make him eat poor food, do hard work, and experience life in bad conditions, with which a child will value the labour and be capable of facing hardship. I lived a happy childhood. Not only did my parents love me form the bottom of heart, but also they gave me chances to increase my ability. My parents attached primary importance to the management of my pocket money, which led to the consequence that often I could only watch my friends eating candies with my empty pocket. This experience helped me wake up to the truth that my parents worked hard to earn a life, and so would I in the future. As the saying goes, "No pains, no gains." it is obvious that the way one lives his childhood plays an important part in his development. If one is brought up in a family that is wasteful, he is likely to be lazy when he grows up. On the other hand, a child who lives a hard life in his childhood, learning that one must be independent and frugal to face challenge, is bound to be strong. On parents part, they can teach the child to help support the family. More can be done apart from food, hard work and bad conditions. Instead of being spoiled, children should eat bitter food to learn to be frugal, do hard work to learn to cherish, and be sent to somewhere tough to learn to be brave. 读写任务8 随着电脑的普及，网上购物不再是什么新鲜的话题，请阅读下面的短文，然后按照要求写一篇150词左右的英语短文。 Many people believe that in the future computers will be used in lots of everyday activities . It is thought that we won’t go shopping because many goods are available on the Internet . There will be no more books because all books will be available from electronic libraries . The Internet will be used to book holidays, rent films and order food. Most telephone calls will be made over the Internet as well . Some people are excited about these new developments . Others , however, do not think that computers will replace our present ways of shopping and communicating . In Internet shopping as much fun as traditional shopping ? Many people say it is not . It is fun to go into shops and look as good in person . It is also unlikely that may people will want to read large texts on our computers because paper books will possibly be more user- friendly . Maybe , computers won’t change these habits. 【写作内容】 1．以约30个词概括材料中心内容。 2．以约120个词表达如下要点： （1）描述你周围的同学对网上购物的看法。 （2）你喜欢传统的购物方式还是网上购物？ （3）结合自己的生活例子说明你喜欢的理由。 【写作要求】 1．作文中可使用自己的亲身经历或虚构的故事，也可以参照阅读材料的内容但不得直接引用原文中的句子。 2. 题目自拟。 【评分标准】 概括准确，语言规范，内容合适，篇章连贯。
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Which is better ,internet shopping or traditional shopping ?This passage mainly talks about different uses of internet shopping such as buying goods . electronic books, booking holidays , renting films and so on . It also describes different attitudes to it. My classmates have different attitudes to it. Some think that it is very convenient to shop on line. Others believe that it is unsafe to buy goods with credit cards and it is impossible to check the quality . As for me , I prefer traditional shopping. It is really fun to go into shops and look at the goods in person . We can choose what we really need and have a good bargain. We can talk freely with others instead of a cold machine. I often go shopping with my parents on weekends and we have a very good communication every time. Indeed, everything is available on line and we needn’t even leave our home . However ,we may be cheated and waste money. So traditional shopping is better that internet shopping. 读写任务9 请根据以下任务说明和写作要求,写一篇幅150词左右的英文短文。 Teenagers’ secrets should be kept to themselves and no one else ,their parents included ,has the right to stick their nose into their private life .As we know , teenagers are going through a special period of development both physically and psychologically .They are curious about and puzzled by the unexpected changes in their body and mind. What’s more ,exposed to a world of adults ,it is only too natural for them to begin imitating (模仿) adults’ behaviors in secret .Boys begin to smoke and girls begin to spend time doing their hair .Some even begin to date with a girlfriend or boyfriend without their parents’ knowledge .They are doing al this in secret because they are still unsure whether it is right to do so and afraid that ,if found out by their parent, they will get misunderstood and even punished .And in fact , in many cases ,the parents can not deal with the matter well and hurt their children’s feelings badly ,making children no longer willing to communicate with their parents .When this happens ,it hurts terribly the whole family feeling .So it seems right that teenagers should keep their secrets to themselves and their parents should allow their children that right . 【写作内容】 概括短文内容要点,该部分词数约30左右. 就“青少年的秘密该不该让父母知道”这一话题发表你的看法，至少包含以下内容要点；该部分词数约120左右： A： 你是否与父母分享你的秘密； B： 你是如何看待你的做法的 C： 父母对你的做法有何反应。 D： 你是如何看待父母的看法或做法的？为什么？
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Teenagers’ Secrets Should be Shared with Their ParentsThis passage mainly says that many teenagers have their own secrets but parents always want to know them ,which will probably hurt children’s feeling .As a result ,children won’t like to share their secrets with their parents. Some people believe that parents should allow their teenage children to keep their own secrets. Teenagers are going through a special period .Wondering about and puzzled by changes of their body and mind, afraid to get misunderstood when their parents know it, they choose to copy adults’ behavior secretly. Parents should respect the right of their children. This idea sounds right but is actually wrong. Most of the teenagers’ secrets, if not at all, should be shared by their parents. Many of their secrets kept to themselves may do them unimaginable harm. I am speaking from my experience .Unlike many of other teenagers, I always let my parents know my secrets. They are always ready to offer me valuable advice about how to deal with my troubles and puzzles. I am happy to have such understanding parents who can share my secrets with me and help me to live a happy life in this special time. 读写任务10 阅读下面的短文，然后按照要求写一篇150词左右的英语短文。 Years ago it was very difficult to travel from one place to another. The journeys were often long, tiring and dangerous. Today the picture has changed. Science has improved transportation and communication facilities a great deal. Traveling has become safer, more enjoyable and above all, more economical. Traveling—whether within one’s country or abroad—brings many invaluable benefits. People travel for pleasure, business or for education and knowledge. In the world of yesterday most people were only able to read about strange and fascinating places across the mountains and seas. Later, with the coming of the cinema and television, man’s curiosity about faraway places with strange sounding names was further stirred up. Today man’s curiosity can be satisfied in luxurious comfort. There are first-class ships and airplanes to take him where his dreams lie. We travel to increase our knowledge of the world in which we live. Knowledge obtained from books alone is not enough. New knowledge of different land and peoples enriches our mind and soul. Books generally do not give us a very true picture of lands beyond our shores. Some of them are even misleading. 【写作内容】 1. 以约30个词概括短文的要点； 2. 然后以约120个词就“交通的发展给我们带来什么”这个主题发表你的看法，并包括以下要点： （1) 简述从古到今交通方式的变化； （2) 现代交通给我们带来的好处，如快捷性、舒适性、经济性及帮助我们扩大视野等； （3) 现代交通给我们带来的一些负面影响； （4) 你如何评价现代交通？ 【写作要求】 1. 可以使用实例或其它论述方法支持你的论点，也可以参照阅读材料的内容，但不得直接引用原文中的句子； 2. 标题自定。 3. 答案请写在答题卷的相应位置上。
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What Does Modern Transportation Bring Us?Science has made traveling much more convenient than before, and in turn, traveling brings us lots of benefits. We get happiness and know more about different places through the comfortable and convenient traveling. Transportation has changed a lot during the past years. In ancient times, the fast way to travel was to ride a horse or carriage, while most people just walked. Then, people had bicycles, ships, cars and trains and now we have planes or even spaceships, which are much faster. Modern transportation helps us a lot. It offers us quicker and more comfortable traveling and brings people to closer contact. We can also get more knowledge through traveling. With the help of more economical traveling and modern media, people’s curiosity about things in other places can be satisfied. However, it also brings about negative things like lack of energy and air pollution. So nothing is really perfect, isn’t it? 任务型写作11 阅读下面的短文，然后按照要求写一篇150词左右的英语短文。 Students should think now about what extracurricular (课外的) activities theyd like to participate in. Participating in extracurricular activities may help you deepen your physical, creative, social, political, and career interests by bringing you into communication with other like-minded people you didn’t previously know. You can join groups as a way to get support from other students. A club or group can also be a great way to meet people who are different from you. Lots of youth programs bring people together with those who are different as a way to break down the barriers between people. Participating in extracurricular activities helps you in other ways, too. It looks good on college and job applications and shows admissions officers and employers youre well-rounded and responsible. Specific activities help with specific goals. The most basic reason for joining a club or team is that it gives you something better to do than staring at the wall, wandering the hall, or sleeping all afternoon. People who are participating are less likely to pick up bad habits, like smoking or drinking.
[写作内容] 1．概括短文的内容要点，该部分的字数大约30词左右； 2．就“学生是否应该参与课外活动”这个主题发表你的看法，至少包含以下的内容要点，该部分的字数大约120词左右： a) 简述你们学校有哪些课外活动；
[写作要求] 你可以使用实例或其它论述方法支持你的观点，也可以参照阅读材料的内容，但不要抄袭阅读材料中的句子。 One possible version: The author (The passage) discussed the benefit of extracurricular activities including being a way to improve students’ health, widen their social circle and introduce them to new ideas and people. (30 words) Our school offers many different kinds of after-school activities. These include sports, music and drama. I’m one of the members of drama club. I think it is very important for students to participate in extracurricular activities. Extracurricular activities can improve our social life, introducing us to new people outside our class or school. In addition, they can reduce the stress and pressure we experience as the result of our studies. Also, they can bring us a lot of enjoyment. If we feel fresh and relaxed we can study better, so they will also be good for our grades. Thus, in my view, if we focus too much on any one thing, either study or after-school activities will be negatively affected. But with the right balance both can improve. (128 words) 任务型写作12 阅读下面的短文，然后按照要求写一篇150词左右的英语短文。 A lot of people think that teachers need to love their students, that they need to have an expert knowledge of their subjects, and that they should devote themselves completely to their jobs. All of these ideas are, of course, true to a certain degree but they are perhaps a little too simple. It is impossible for anyone to love everyone they know, and teachers deal with a great large number of students over the years. On the other hand, teachers should certainly be able to make their students feel that they are concerned. A deep knowledge of the subject is extremely important, but equally important is the ability to pass that knowledge on to the students effectively — a teacher needs to be trained in the skills of teaching. Finally, teachers have to devote a lot of time and energy to their work, of course. However, they are also models that their students must follow; so it is important that they should be well-balanced people with interests outside their school work. A teacher who only lives for work is likely to become too narrow-minded. [写作内容] 1）概括短文的内容要点，该部分的词数大约30； 2）就“怎样才是一名好教师”这个主题发表你的看法，至少包含以下的内容要点，该部分的词数大约120； 描述以为你身边的好教师。 你认为一名好教师应该具备什么品质。 [写作要求] 你可以使用实例或其他论述方法支持你的观点，也可以参照阅读材料的内容，但不要抄袭阅读材料中的句子。 [评分标准] 概括的准确性、语言的规范性、内容的合适性以及篇章的连贯性。
One possible version: Ladies and gentlemen, It’s my honor to have the chance to speak here. Most people think a teacher should love his students, have an expert knowledge and devote himself to the job. The ideas are partly true. In my opinion, a good teacher should love his students. However, it’s impossible for a teacher to love his every student. Besides, for a teacher, the ability to pass the knowledge on to his students is more important than his expert knowledge. A good teacher should be ready to teach the students how to learn rather than what to learn. Moreover, not only should he work hard, but also he should be a well-balanced person. My English teacher, Miss Wang always helps us out and is concerned about us. And also, he remains young psychologically and tries hard to understand his students. She often stays with us and shares with us her experiences. She amuses us by telling jokes in class at times, which makes us learn English in a relaxed phenomenon. In addition, She keeps upgrading her knowledge and takes every chance to study. All in all, she is a worthy teacher. I like her very much. That’s all. Thank you. 任务型写作13 阅读下面的短文，然后按照要求写一篇150词左右的英语短文。 According to Shenzhen Daily, the city’s vehicle population has reached over 1 million and 80 percent of the vehicles are private cars. Nowadays more and more families own private cars. Private cars, as the product of modern civilization, have been playing a vital role in peoples daily activities. Firstly, private cars are a convenient means of transportation. You can go wherever you like. Secondly, there is no doubt that private cars will have a great impact on the economic growth. The rapid car industry growth will contribute much to keeping the countrys economy growing at a higher rate in the near futrue.
［写作要求］ 1．可以使用实例或分项论述的方法支持你的论点，也可以参照阅读材料的内容，但不得直接引用原文中的句子； 2．标题自定。
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Travel by Bike in the CityIn this passage, the writer explains the advantages and disadvantages of owning private cars in the city. And he agrees to enlarge the private car market and make better use of them. But I think bikes should be the most popular form of transportation in our city. First, a bike is much cheaper than a car, most consumers can afford it, and if there is something wrong with a bike, people can have it fixed easily. Second, bikes need much less parking space than cars. The third reason is that it can save energy for our country. Moreover, it brings no pollution to the air, so it helps to clean the atmosphere. Therefore, the best form of transportation is travelling by bike ,which is a healthy, “green” and economical way. But with the development of our economy, the day when we use cars as the most popular form of transportation is sure to come.
任务型写作14 阅读下面短文，然后按要求写一篇150词左右的英语短文。 Why are so many people so afraid of failure? It is simply because no one tells us how to fail so that failure becomes an experience that will lead to growth. We forget that failure is part of being human and that every person has the right to fail. Most parents work hard at either preventing failure or protecting their children from the knowledge that they have failed. One way is to lower standards. A mother describes her child’s carelessly-made table as “perfect” even though it doesn’t stand still. Another way is to blame something else. If John fails science, it is because his teacher is unfair or stupid. Success, which encourages repetition of old behavior, is not nearly as good a teacher as failure. Even a failure that seems definitive(决定性的) can cause fresh thinking or a change of direction. After 12 years of studying ballet, a friend of mine applied to a professional company. She was turned down. “Would further training help?” she asked. The ballet master shook his head. “You will never be a dancer,” he said. “You haven’t got the body for it.” In such cases, the way to use failure is to take stock bravely, asking, “What have I left? What else can I do?” My friend put away her shoes and moved into a dance treatment center, a field where she’s both able and useful. 〔写作内容〕 学校开展“青少年心理健康”征文比赛。 看了上面的文章，你决定以“面对失败”为主题，写一篇文章参赛。内容要点包括： 1. 以约30词概括上文内容： 2. 然后以约120词谈谈你的认识，内容包括： （1） 你对上文中两种对待失败的态度的评价； （2） 你认为应该如何对待失败。 〔写作要求〕 1. 在作文中可以使用自己亲身的经历或虚构的故事，也可以参照阅读材料的内容但不得直接引用原文中的句子； 2. 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 〔评分标准〕 概括准确，语言规范，内容合适，篇章连贯。
It’s fine to failFailure is something people always try to avoid, without realizing that by facing it bravely, it’ll turn out to be great value in helping their growth. It’s natural and normal that parents stop their children from experiencing failure. Anyway, it’s been widely accepted that, by means of appreciation and encouragement, children get inspired and tend to learn more. However, this idea ignores an actual fact that life consists of both success and failure. That’s why I believe that too much protection from failure may end up with more pain – it creates an illusive, or fake, world to kids, not a true one. The ballet girl gives us a good example of how to face her big failure, from which we see clearly what life is really like: the great amount of time that you’ve devoted to your dream may turn out to be something wrong. The only choice you can make is to smile to it, think of what you can do with it, and decide to still go further or change your way of life. If you face it bravely enough, the failure will lead to “fresh thinking”, and possibly your life will turn on a new page. Can success bring the same good to us? No. Failure is painful, but it makes us learn more about life. There’s no escape, and there’s no need to escape!
任务型写作15 读写任务（共1小题，满分25分） 阅读下面的短文，然后按照要求写一篇150词左右的英语短文。 Middle and high school days are both fun and busy. Students spend their days in class, listening to the interesting and sometimes boring words of the teacher. They spend the short breaks running, playing, and shouting happily before going back to the classroom again. But how should students spend their free time outside school? In Western countries, it is common for students to have a part-time job after school and at weekends. Students can earn their own money and learn more about the “real world”. They enjoy the extra independence and money, and parents enjoy the quiet house. However, it seems that, in
A possible version of the writing task: There is a great difference between the way high school students spend their free time, and the writer hopes to find a balance between studying and having fun. What worries the writer is just what we students are confused about: can our “spare time” actually mean something “spare”? Take me for example. Every day I have just 1 hour in the afternoon to do some sports. At weekends, I usually have lots of homework assigned by teachers to finish. Even if I want to do something else, I will often be stopped by my parents. Like many other parents, they just want me to study all the time until I am admitted to a famous university. As a result, I can’t control my “spare time” on my own! Looking around at my friends, I find I’m not alone in such a situation. What a boring life for us students! I just don’t agree with my parents about their way of controlling my spare time. Yes, for us students, studying is the most important thing to do. But we can’t be separated from the outside world. Studying all the time, I’m afraid what we are learning can’t match the real world. I don’t want to depress my parents, of course; but I do think that we need to find a way to settle this problem. 读写任务16 阅读下面的短文，然后按照要求写一篇150词左右的英语短文。 Every child has his own dream. Every child hopes to be an adult. All of them think it is a good thing to grow up, However, is it truly like what they imagine? As a boy who lives in modern times, I still clearly remember the happiness of my childhood. What a good time we had! We didn’t need to study all the time and our task was to play. We had no worries. Unluckily, we had to face the reality following time’s passing. We began to gradually feel this invisible pressure coming upon us. We had less spare time for playing and had to give more of our time for homework. Our stress was coming! We get up before sunrise and return after sunset. We work and study like an adult, even harder. What we do is in order to get an excellent mark. Oh, growing up is extremely boring. Perhaps each child will have or has had the stress of growing up; the most important thing for us to solve our worries. We must try to find happiness while growing up so that we can get a balance. [写作内容] 1） 以约30个词概括短文的要点； 1． 然后以约120个词就“成长是快乐的还是烦恼的” 这个主题发表你的看法，至少包含以下内容要点，该部分词数约120词。 a) 简述你在成长过程中的快乐或烦恼； b) 你对成长的快乐或烦恼的看法。 [写作要求] a) 可以使用实例或其它论述方法支持你的论点，也可以参照阅读材料的内容，但不得直接引用原文中的句子; b) 标题自定 [评分标准] 概括准确、语言规范、内容合适，篇章连贯。 One possible version: The writer of the passage tells us that we had enough time to play in our childhood. While we are growing up, worries come upon us and our spare time is less but homework more. So we felt growing up boring. As far as I am concerned, growing up is really boring. As a teenager, I have to deal with a lot of worries while growing up. I have to go to school very early in the morning and get home very late in the evening. And I have to take all kinds of exams every year. I am also worried about being misunderstood by friends and losing them. Although we face worries, we should seek support from our friends, parents and teacher to solve them and try to find pleasure in growing up. In fact, the path of adolescence is full of sunshine. Why not enjoy the pleasure of growing up and its delicious taste? 读写任务17 阅读下面的短文，然后按照要求，写一篇150词左右的英语短文。
[写作内容] 上面这篇文章来自中国新闻网，请你读后以一名学生的身份在中国新闻网发表意见栏上写一篇文章，至少包含以下的内容要点： 1. 以大约30词概括短文的内容要点； 2. 以大约120词谈谈你个人的就业意向： 1) 你打算以后干什么？说出你选择的理由； 2) 为了将来的事业，你现在应该怎么做。 A possible version: According to a survey, some elementary and secondary school students in Shanghai hope to start their own business in the future while some others, especially high school students, prefer to take an ordinary job. I dream of being an excellent doctor after I graduate from university. First, I am told that to be a doctor, I can have a very good income. We have to admit that money is important. With it, I can live more comfortably and provide my child with a better environment. If I have enough money, I can also help the poor. Wouldn’t it be wonderful? More importantly, doctors are angels to the patients, who can help the sick get rid of pain and suffering or even give a second life to the dying. I can’t imagine how great I will feel when seeing a patient recover from the illness and live happily again because of my help. Now what I should do is to study hard to make sure I can enter a famous medicine university, where I can get the required knowledge and skills to be a good doctor.
读写任务18 阅读下面的短文，然后按照要求写一篇150词左右的英语短文。 I started thinking about this issue at my brother-in-laws 60th birthday party last Saturday. Before we ate the main meal we sat around a table that was loaded with large bowls of snack items - chocolate-covered peanuts, cherries(樱桃), and a few other things. The eater had to reach into the bowl and grab a handful of snacks and then convey them to the mouth with the other hand. A lot of people were strangers to me and I observed a cat being carried around, a dog being petted, and a number of noses being blown, between eating handfuls of snacks. Ugh! I started thinking about Chinese table manners. My wife and I will share things from the same plate or cup but we always put serving spoons out with the dishes on the table. We dont frequently use them, though. In my family we use our personal chopsticks to take food from the serving dishes. But we are careful and only touch the food we will eat ourselves. I have heard of some people who use two sets of chopsticks, one for eating, and one for serving. I have also seen some people who invert their chopsticks, that is, to serve other people with the other ends that havent touched their lips. 【写作内容】 1． 概括短文的内容要点，该部分的词数大约为30； 2． 然后以大约120词，就“Table Manners and Hygiene(卫生)”的主题发表你的看法，并包括以下的内容要点： a) 以自己或周围的人为例，简述自己或周围人的就餐习惯；. b) 你如何看待自己或周围人的有关就餐习惯； c) 出于卫生考虑，你觉得是否有必要使用公筷(serving chopsticks)，请说明理由。 【写作要求】 可以使用实例或其他论述方法支持你的观点，也可以参照阅读材料的内容，但不要 抄袭阅读材料中的句子； 【评分标准】 概括的准确性，语言的规范性，内容的合适性以及篇章的连贯性。 A possible version
Table Manners and HygieneThis passage describes the author’s experience of witnessing people’s unhealthy table manners at a birthday party, which gave rise to his opinion on the promotion of health and hygiene at dinner. In terms of table manners and hygiene, people’s habits vary from person to person. Some of them have the preference of stirring the food, hunting for what seems to be their favourite bits, with the aid of their own chopsticks. To show hospitality, some hosts or hostesses frequently feed food into the guest’s dish, ignoring the serving chopsticks or spoons. Worse of all, some diners never hesitate to dig or blow their nose at table, making disgusting noise. Personally, I am not quite in favour of the above manners, which is very likely to transfer / spread diseases. I absolutely agree with the author that communal or serving chopsticks and spoons are recommended to avoid the transference of any diseases while dining. There is no denying that dining together is the time for intimateness or close relationship between the relevant members or friends. However, the consideration of health and hygiene is significant as well To conclude, priority should be given to healthy and hygienic manners at table so as to create a pleasant and harmonious dining atmosphere.
阅读下面的短文, 然后按照要求写一篇150词左右的英语短文。 My Sports Shoes These days I have been obssessed with a pair of new sports shoes. Now the bell for class was sending my classmates out of the classroom onto the playground. It was time for a basketball match, my favorite sport. I was on the team which won the game. I got warm congratulations from my classmates. However, I felt pain in both my feet. My old sports shoes were worn out. I am now in need of a new pair of sports shoes. I have forgotten how many times I have stopped to admire the expensive Nike shoes on the window in
阅读下面的短文，然后按照要求写一篇150词左右的英语短文。 Having friends may well keep you healthier and help you deal with stress better. Some studies show that people with close friends have a greater ability to fight disease than people who are alone. Make friendship a priority. Find the time to be with friends even if it means letting the lawn go unmowed or the dishes unwashed for a while. When you can’t get together, use the phone to keep in touch. Open up to close friends. Don’t be afraid to express your inner fears and disappointments. Listen to your friends when they have problems, but offer advice only when it’s wanted. Help reaffirm friends’ self-esteem when they are shaken by a job loss, or other difficulties. Have different friends for different activities, such as going to the movies, singing in a choir, and participating in a bowling league. Don’t’ wait for a friend to ask a favor. When a friend has the flu, offer to go to the store or drive the children to their after-school activities. Never take a friendship for granted. Like a good marriage, friendship needs nurturing and patience. Become a joiner. Find a group that matches your interests. You can also start a group, such as a discussion group on gardening or books. Talk to strangers (using discretion and common sense, of course). Conversations started in museums, or bookstores can lead to firm friendships. [写作内容] 1.以约30个词概括短文的要点； 2.然后以约120个词就“朋友” 这个主题发表你的看法，至少包含以下内容要点，该部分词数约120词。 a)你认为朋友在生活中的地位是怎样的； b)你是如何与朋友相处的。 [写作要求] a)可以使用实例或其它论述方法支持你的论点，也可以参照阅读材料的内容，但不得直接引用原文中的句子; b)标题自定 [评分标准] 概括准确、语言规范、内容合适，篇章连贯。 A possible version: True Friends Make My Life Colourful Friends are very important in our life, especially the friends with the same interests. So we must cherish our good friends. If you don’t have such kind of friends, try to make some. There is no doubt that friends are very important for us. If you don’t have a true friend to share your happiness or sorrow, that means your life is meaningless. Friends can make you happier when you are happy, and feel better when you are sad. I had two good friends when I was in middle school. Though we are not in the same school now, we are still good friends. We don’t need to see each other too often, but we know what we are thinking. Whenever I am in trouble, I know my friends will be here. This kind of feeling encourages me when I meet difficulties. It is my friends that make my life colourful.
读写任务21 Jacob loves books. His mom knows this because when she sits down to read to him every night, he waves his arms excitedly. When she is done reading, his mom usually lets him hold the sturdy board book, which he promptly sticks into his mouth. Jacob is only 6 months old, but he is already well on his way to becoming a reader. Very young babies may not know what the images in a book mean, but they are still able to focus on them, especially on black and white patterns. A newborn looking at a book is taking the first step toward picture recognition, which is an important skill for reading. You may wonder what the benefits of reading to your baby are. Clearly he or she can’t understand what you are doing or why. But would you wait until your child could understand what you were saying before you started speaking to him or her? No. And you wouldn’t bypass lullabies until your baby could carry a tune or wait until he or she could shake a rattle before you offered any toys. At birth, a baby’s brain can do a lot, especially stuff to keep the body running properly, but it isn’t fully developed. The more the senses are stimulated, the more quickly the rest of a baby’s brain will develop. So reading aloud to your baby is a wonderful shared activity you can continue for years to come, and it’s an important form of stimulation. [写作内容] 1.以约30个词概括短文的要点； 2. 然后以约120个词就“阅读” 这个主题发表你的看法，至少包含以下内容要点，该部分词数约120词。 a)你父母是怎么样培养你的读书习惯； b)你认为阅读的意义是什么。 [写作要求] a)可以使用实例或其它论述方法支持你的论点，也可以参照阅读材料的内容，但不得直接引用原文中的句子; b)标题自定 [评分标准] 概括准确、语言规范、内容合适，篇章连贯。 A possible version: Let’s Start
读写任务22 请根据以下的任务说明和写作要求，写一篇150词左右的英语短文。 [任务说明] 你要参加一场英语辩论赛，主题是“Should Beida refuse tourists?”。在参赛之前，你要查阅相关资料，并准备你的辩论发言。请认真阅读下面的短文，然后完成以下任务。 [阅读材料] "
Possible version: It’s reported that
写作内容 请就以上的文章写一篇读后感 1.概况短文的内容要点，该部分的字数大约30词左右； 2.就“山不过来，我就过去”为主题，发表你的看法，至少包含以下的内容要点，该部分的字数大约120词左右。 1） 根据你的生活经历，当所面对的事实无法改变时，是否应该改变自己？ 2） 简述一个改变自己的例子； 3） 你认为有时候改变自己，才能最终改变属于自己的世界吗？
写作要求 你可以使用实例或其他论述方法支持你的观点，也可以参照阅读材料的内容，但不要抄袭阅读材料中的句子。 读写任务
参考范文： Today I read a story about a religious master and a painter who change themselves when they face something unchangeable and then achieve an eventual change of the world around them. The stories remind me of my cousin who used to complain about English learning. He though it unnecessary to learn a foreign language and ignored it at all. As a result, he fell behind the others in his class and even failed in the exam. After realizing that it was not only a main subject but also the most widely spoken language in the world, he developed a good attitude. Thanks to his English teacher, he was well involved in English classes. He practiced listening and speaking English after class. What’s more, he kept an English diary, which helped him think in English. A year later, he became one of the ten top students in his class. Believe it or not, he was even rewarded in an English contest in his school. As far as I’m concerned, change your attitude when you find the environment unchangeable. Only in this way can you achieve an eventual change of the world around you.
读写任务24 阅读下面的短文,然后按照要求写一篇150词左右的英语短文. One morning, a friend of mine set the breakfast table beside a huge window, which overlooked the
【写作要求】 作文中可使用自己的亲身经历或者虚构的故事,也可参照阅读材料的内容,但不得直接引用原文中的句子; 文中不能出现真实的姓名和学校名称。
Possible version The passage reminds us to help those who are in trouble and shows us helping others is a good virtue, which one should treasure. Life is not all roses. No one knows when he or she will be in trouble. The story above reminds me of my personal experience. There was a time when I performed badly in my maths. It seemed that no matter how hard I tried, I still failed. Upset and disappointed, I fell ill and had to be in hospital for a couple of days. Hearing what had happened to me, Lily, my monitor, came to hospital , helping me with my schoolwork. It was with her aid that I recovered soon and improved myself in maths rapidly. I felt really grateful for what she had done. From my experience above, I’ve learned that the sincere help between people is of great significance. Only with the care and help of others, can we get out of the difficulties in life and fly again like the goose in the story . .
读写任务25（社会） 阅读下面的短文，然后按照要求写一篇150词左右的英语短文。 “Can I see my baby?” asked the happy new mother. The bundle(婴儿包)was placed in her arms and when she moved the fold of cloth to look upon his tiny face, she gasped-the baby has been born without ears. Time, however, proved that the baby’s hearing was perfect except his appearance. One day when he rushed home from school and threw himself into his mother’s arms, he cried out bitterly, “A boy, a big boy… called me a f-…freak.” She sighed, knowing that his life was to be endless of heartbreaks. He grew up, handsome for his misfortune. A favorite with his fellow students, he might have been class president, but for that. He developed a gift for literature and music. The boy’s father had a talk with the family doctor. Could nothing be done? “I believe we could graft(移植)on a pair of outer ears, if they could be donated(捐献),”the doctor decided. So the search began for a person who would make such a sacrifice a young man. Two years went by. Then, “You’re going to the hospital, son. Mother and I have someone who will donate the ears you need. But it’s a secret,” said the father. The operation was a brilliant success. His talents blossomed (开花)into genius. School and college became a series of successes. Later he married and entered the diplomatic（外交）service. “But I must know!” he urged his father. “Who gave so much for me? I could never do enough for him.” “I do not believer you could,” said the father, “but the agreement was that you are not to know….not yet.” The years kept the secret, but the day did come…. one of the darkest days that ever pass through a son. He stood with his father over his mother’s casket(棺材).Slowly and tenderly, the father stretched forth a hand and raised the thick, reddish-brown hair to let out the secret. 写作内容 1、 以约30个词概括这个感人的故事； 2、 以约120个词，请就“在受别人的帮助中，学会了帮助别人”的话题写一篇英语短文， 表达你内心的感受，并包括如下要点： 1）你看完这个故事后，你如何评价这位母亲的无私行为； 2）请以你的日常生活经历的事情为例，说明别人的善良行为对你的影响； 3）你的感想。 写作要求 1、 作文中可使用自己的亲身经历或虚构的故事，也可以参照阅读材料的内容，但不得 直接引用原文中的句子； 2、 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称； 3、 标题自定。
Possible version Help is Always Unselfish An selfish mother donated her ears to her imperfect son without telling him about it. At last, the son got the secret from his father after his mother died. Help is always unselfish. The mother donated her ears to her son, showing her greatest love to her child. From these, we can know how difficult it is for parents to raise their children. In the daily life, we always get kind help from our teachers, classmates and friends. And their kind help is always unselfish. When I was in
读写任务26（饮食） 阅读下面一封信，然后按照要求写一篇150词左右的英语作文。 Dear editor, I’m writing to tell you about a food poisoning incident. Several days ago, my neighbor family ate a bag of fake food from the market. After the meal, they had stomachaches and brought up what they had eaten as their faces turned pale. Fortunately, another neighbor passed by only to find the accident and immediately called the ambulance, which carried them quickly to hospital. After several hours’ treatment they finally escaped from death. From this all of us have realized the importance of food safety. And I do hope the whole society shall begin taking actions to protect people’s life safety. Yours, Li Hua
写作内容 你是一所国际学校校办英文杂志的学生编辑。你看了上面这封信后，也想写一篇关于该信的感想或评论的文章，内容要点包括： 1、以约30词概括上面这封信的内容要点。 2、以约120词谈谈你对文中叙述之事的感想和相关的情况，并包括下面要点： 1）你对此事件的看法； 2）解释你的理由并提出你的建议； 3）向受害者表达尽快康复的祝愿。
写作要求 1、作文中可使用自己的亲身经历或虚构的故事，也可以参照阅读材料的内容，但不得直接引用原文中的句子； 2、作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称； 3、标题自定。
Possible version Safety Ought to Be Paid More Attention to Today, I received a reader’s letter about a food poisoning incident, and with others’ help, the victims were safe. The responsible reader also referred to the importance of food safety and the necessity of actions to protect people’s life. I was shocked at the food poisoning incident. Personally speaking, the government should pay more attention to the food safety and making some necessary laws. As some illegal businessmen are only interested in making profits in the race to become rich quickly, they seldom care about the necessary safety measures and hygiene or care what happens to consumers. They must be charged by law. Only in this way will the whole society have a better and harmonious life. Here, I also wish all the victims recover soon. 读写任务27 阅读下列短文，然后按照要求写一篇150词左右的英语短文。 In order to learn English well, it is necessary for us to overcome the fear of making mistakes. If the primary goal of language use is communication, then mistakes are secondary consideration that may be dealt with gradually when we increasingly realize those mistakes. As language learners, we may observe how native speakers express themselves and how native expressions differ from the way we might say them. For example, a Spanish speaker who has been saying “I do it “ to express willingness to do something in the immediate future, could, by interacting with native speakers of English, observe that native speakers actually say “I’ll do it”. But if we are not willing to interact in the first place, we will lose this opportunity of learning by trial and error. 写作内容 1、 以约30个词概括短文的内容 2、 以约120个词表达如何面对英语学习中所出的错误，并包括如下要点： 1） 你在英语学习中是否担心出错误 2） 你常在哪些方面出错误 3） 以你自己的经历说明你是如何面对你英语学习中的错误的 写作要求 1、 作文中可使用自己的亲身经历或虚构的故事，也可以参照阅读材料的内容但不得直接引用原文中的句子 2、 信中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称 Possible version The first goal of learning a language is to communicate in it, so we needn’t be afraid of making mistakes. When we realize that we are making mistakes, we can’t ignore them. I started to learn English six years ago. In the beginning I didn’t dare to speak it because I was worried that others would laugh at me if I made mistakes. Luckily for me, my English teacher was an American. She always encouraged me to be brave enough, and he asked me not to care about what others would say about my mistakes. Slowly I tried to speak a little, most of the time broken English. Whenever I had chance to be with my English teacher, I kept talking in English. Sometimes, I found my English was different from my English teacher’s. I carefully observed the language my teacher spoke. Gradually, I made good progress in English speaking. It is natural that everybody may have fear when they begin to learn a new language. But the most important is to overcome it. Without fear, we can do everything well.
读写任务29 Feng Jicai, born in
Protection of cultural relics The author gives an introduction to Feng Jicai who makes outstanding contributions to the work of protecting cultural relics. With his efforts, more and more people become concerned about protecting cultural relics.Cultural relics represent historic culture. They tell people what happened in the past and they are the roots of a city or a place. As far as I know, every city is trying to protect its cultural relics. For example, the government makes policies to regulate people’s behavior at the relics and call for people to take actions to save the cultural relics. However, some people have no such awareness or even do harm to the relics. When I was travelling, I could see some cuttings or odd drawings on the historic places. It’s really wicked to do so. I admire what Feng Jicai has done. I learn the importance of protecting cultural relics from him. I think everyone of us should try to do something for the protection of cultural relics. I think the government and schools should teach people more about the protection of cultural relics and the people should mind their behavior when travelling. 读写任务30 阅读下面的短文，然后按照要求写一篇150词左右的英语短文。 Doctors say anger can be an extremely harmful emotion, unless you learn how to deal with it. They warn that angry feelings can lead to heart disease, stomach problems, headaches, emotional problems and possibly cancer. Anger is a normal emotion that we all feel from time to time. Some people express anger openly in a calm, reasonable way. Others burst with anger, losing control of themselves. But still other people control their anger. They cannot or will not express it. Recently some doctors have found that people who express anger too often and violently become, in fact, more and not less angry. This can cause medical problems. Some doctors say that both controlling and expressing anger can be dangerous. They believe that those who express anger strongly may be more likely to develop heart disease, and they believe that those who deep their anger inside may face a greater danger of high blood pressure. Doctors say the solution is learning how to deal with anger. They say the first step is to admit that you are angry and to recognize the real cause of the anger, then decide if the cause is serious enough to get angry about. If it is, they say, “Do not express your anger while angry. Wait until your anger has cooled down and you are able to express yourself calmly and reasonably. ”
[写作内容] 1） 概括短文的内容要点，该部分的字数大约30词左右； 2） 就“要不要生气”这个主题发表你的看法，至少包含以下的内容要点，该部分字数大约120词左右； a)发脾气不但不利于健康，而且对人际关系有影响； b)避免因误解而造成的生气； c)理性的对待别人的错误。 [写作要求] 你可以使用实例或其它论述方法支持你的论点，也可以参照阅读材料的内容，但不要抄袭阅读材料中的句子。 Possible version Doctors say anger can lead to serious diseases like heart disease, stomach problems, headaches, emotional problems and even cancer. Both controlling anger and express anger strongly can be harmful to your health. As we know, getting angry not only does harm to one’s health but also has a bad effect on the relationship between people. Sometimes expressing anger too strongly can lead to severe results. However, in many cases, anger may be avoided if we can understand each other better. For instance, someone may have done something about which you are very angry, but in fact he/she meant no harm. So it is quite unnecessary for you to get angry. If someone does do some wrong, try to put yourself in his/her position and understand him/her. If you find it really necessary to express to anger, try to do it in a calm, reasonable way. Remember losing your temper does good to neither you nor the other person.
Be Grateful for FriendsIt is a celebrating day. I got in touch with Michael whom I have been losing contact for one year. It is really magic. I was searching online aimlessly yesterday when an idea struck me suddenly: since Ben can find out my secret by keying in my name in the search engines, why can’t I do so, either? I intended to find out something about En in revenge in the first place, but soon extend my name list to a wider category. It was then that I recalled Michael suddenly. We have lost contact since our last correspondence in my senior 3. He mentioned to me in his last lettee3r that he was preparing for going to
One possible version: Be Grateful For Our Parents The writer tells us a story that he had an experience of recalling his old friends Michael suddenly, and later they met each other at such moment that made him feel grateful to life and didn’t feel lonely. This story reminds me of an similar experience of forgetting my mother’s birthday. On the evening of April 9th , I was watching TV while my mother was busy preparing for dinner in the kitchen. How attentive I was watching TV program when the telephone rang. It was from a friend of my mother’s, who wanted say HAPPY BIRTHDAY to my mother . “Today is my mother’s birthday?” I was a little puzzled. “How come that I have forgotten all about it” I thought to myself, feeling ashamed. At the story, I got deeply shocked and ashamed. It is not easy for parents to bring us up. They give us lots of love and care, while/however we don’t care for them enough. Now it’s never too late to realize this and show our love and care for them. In fact, every one of us wishes our parents to be healthy and happy, so it is with me. So , we really should express our endless thanks to our parents. And my classmates share my opinion. To sum up, we should be grateful for our parents because of their greatest love and unselfish care. 读写任务34 阅读下面的短文，然后按照要求写一篇150左右的英语短文。 Honesty is one of the most treasured traditional values in
One possible version: The passage mainly tells us that nowadays many people are dishonest for their own benefit. Because not only they neglect our traditional values, but also they want to escape being punished. Dishonesty does great harm to our society. It can destroy our good relationship with others, bringing lots of unstable factors to the society. Sometimes, it may even affect people’s health. Why should we be honest? Firstly, being honest is one of Chinese traditional virtues which we should carry forward. Secondly, friendship is based on honesty. Seeing that the honest person is reliable, most of people are willing to make friends with them. Thirdly, honesty is very important for us to build a harmonious society and realize our spiritual civilization. As students, we should act honestly every day and never cheat others, including cheat in exams. Besides, we should help those who are dishonest correct their mistakes. Only in this way can we win respect from others. 读写任务35 Please read the following passage first: Everyone has an experience they would rather forget. Some are embarrassing, some are moving, and some teach us a lesson. Here is a story of mine. Last Sunday I went fishing. After setting up my fishing rod（钓鱼竿） with bait（鱼饵）, I sat down on the bank of the lake. But two hours later, I didn’t catch any fish. I got very angry and began to pack up my stuff（收拾东西）, preparing to go back home. Just then, I saw an old man sitting near me. To my surprise, his basket was full of fish, so I went over to him, wanting to know why. “Excuse me, but how long have you sat here?” I asked. “About four hours,” he answered. “Four hours?” I couldn’t believe my ears. “Yes. It’s very important to be patient,” the old man said. “ Don’t consider fishing a tiring sport. Just enjoy it.” Suddenly, I understand what he said. I must learn to be patient. Then I sat there and waited for fish patiently. I felt a fish touch the bait, but I didn’t move and waited for the right moment to reel it in（卷收钓鱼线）. At last, I caught it. This made me very happy. In the following six hours, I caught over 10 fish. On my way home, I thought what had happened on the bank. I gradually realized that the secret of success was patience. [写作内容］ 1) 以约30个词概括短文的要点； 2) 然后以约120个词写一篇记叙文，描写你认识到耐心的重要性的一次经历，并包括以下要点： a) 叙述你认识到耐心的重要性的一次真实或虚构的经历； b)你是如何认识到耐心的重要性的； c) 耐心对你的生活、学习有什么影响。 ［写作要求］ (1) 可以参照阅读材料的篇章结构，组织故事，但不得直接引用原文中的句子； (2) 标题自定。 One possible version:
Patience is the secret of success The story is about an unforgettable lesson of the writer from an old man while fishing, through which the writer realized patience was very important and that it was the secret of success I have a similar experience. Once I waited for the bus at the stop for 30 minutes, no bus came. I couldn’t wait any longer and decided to walk to school. But no sooner had I left than the bus arrived. I thought if I had waited for one more minute, I would have caught it. If I wanted to take the next bus, I would have to wait for another 30 minutes. Only then did I realize the importance of patience. Being impatient will waste all the efforts that we have made. Patience also plays an important part in our study and work. With it we can achieve greater success. Now, whenever I am to lose my patience, I’ll think of the experience of waiting for a bus.
读写任务36 阅读下面的短文，然后按照要求写一篇150词左右的英语短文。 The roads are dotted with trash, the railways are littered with decaying garbage and our cities are disgraced by plastic bags. There is no doubt that our cities are on the way towards becoming a huge landfill. One of the biggest sources of out city pollution comes from the lunch boxes people throw away after finishing their meals. Each day a large number of people will buy their lunch from the cafeteria. It is always served in a soft white box and at the end of lunchtime we have created a “sea of white” empty boxes. These boxes are really a very big problem because it takes many many years to deteriorate. And there are hundreds and hundreds more each day. It is a great pity that many people have got used to throwing away their garbage wherever they like without knowing that their misbehaviors are doing harm to our living environment as well as our own health. This is a problem concerning every one living in the world. Therefore, for the sake of your own health, do not litter. [写作内容] 1．以30个词概括短文的内容要点； 2．以约120个词就“Littering is a bad habit ” 这个主题发表你的看法，至少包含以下的内容要点： （1）乱扔垃圾是不文明行为； （2）为什么会出现乱扔垃圾的现象； （3）你认为应采取什么措施来改变这种现象。 [写作要求] 1．你可以使用实例或其他论述方法支持你的论点，也可以参照阅读材料的内容但不得直接引用原文中的句子； 2．文中不能出现真实的姓名和学校。 [评分标准] 概括准确，语言规范，内容合适，篇章连贯。
One possible version: In this passage, the author takes lunch boxes as an example to illustrate that many people have got into the bad habit of littering which leads to the deterioration of our living environment. Therefore the author calls on everybody to get rid of littering. Obviously, people seem to have got accustomed to finding garbage thrown in the streets, on squares and beside empty dustbins. In my opinion, the reasons for the bad habit of garbage littering lie in two aspects. On one hand, many people are not aware of their misbehaviors and some people even take it as only a “small” thing that others should not make a fuss over. On the other hand, due to the inadequate facilities of garbage collection, people throw away their refuse everywhere at will. In view of the severity of the issue, we should adopt immediate measures to deal with it. First of all, the government should play a leading role. It ought to bring in strong anti-littering laws, backed by heavy penalties and effective enforcement. Also, officials should make good use of mass media to promote the public’s awareness of environmental protection, making sure that everyone will become a conscious environment protector. Finally, it is essential for schools to attach importance to environmental education, so that every child will become environmentally friendly and get rid of the littering habit. In conclusion, people’s littering habit is turning our communities into a rubbish holder. It is high time that we took joint effort to solve the rubbish problem. Otherwise, we will live with rubbish in the future.
阅读下面的短文，然后按要求写一篇150词左右的英语短文。 A dramatic ballad singer studied under a strict teacher who insisted that he rehearse day after day, month after month the same passage from the same song, without being permitted to go any further. Finally, overwhelmed by frustration and despair, the young man ran off to find another profession. One night, stopping at an inn, he came across a recitation contest. Having nothing to lose, he entered the competition and, of course, sang the one passage that he knew so well. When he had finished, the sponsor of the contest highly praised his performance. Despite the student’s embarrassed objections, the sponsor refused to believe that he had just heard a beginner perform. “Tell me,” the sponsor said, “who is your instructor? He must be a great master. ” The student later became known as the great performer Koshiji. Koshiji practiced so much that it became part of him. To really master something, it has to become part of you. [写作内容] 1．概括短文的内容要点，该部分的字数大约30词左右； 2．就“Practice makes perfect”这个主题发表你的看法，至少包含以下的内容要点，该部分的字数大约120词左右。 1）你对“熟能生巧”的理解及看法如何？ 2）在英语学习方面，你有何亲身体会？ 3）你有什么建议？ [写作要求] 你可以使用实例可其他论述方法支持你的论点，也可以参照阅读材料的内容，但不要抄袭阅读材料中的句子。
One possible version: The dramatic ballad student, who later became a great performer, could not stand the repeated boring practice, which was to lead to his very success in his career. (28 words) As the saying goes, practice makes perfect. Consistent practice can result in perfect performance. Practice is of great importance in doing anything. Take my personal experience in learning English for example. Three years ago, I had great trouble with listening comprehension. I couldn’t understand the teacher in class, let alone tapes This was obviously due to my lack of practice in Junior High. To improve my listening, I started to read English aloud every morning and listen to tapes and radio programs every evening. My efforts paid off and in the final examination I did an excellent job in listening. I strongly believe that practice makes perfect. Whatever we do ,we should persist in it and keep on working until we are successful. (123 words)
读写任务38 阅读下面的短文，然后按照要求写一篇150词左右的英语短文。 Many years ago, when I was fresh out of school and working in
One Possible Version: In this passage, the writer mainly tells us two of his experiences of being helped by strangers. After he wrote them thank-you notes, he realized that saying “thank you” to others meant so much. I have a similar experience. Once when I was about to go home after school, it was raining so heavily that I had to wait for the rain to stop. But after half an hour it was still raining. Seeing this, the guard at the gate offered to lend me his umbrella. I accepted at once. Thanks to his help, I got home on time without getting wet. The next morning, when I returned the umbrella to the guard, I said thank you to him and left him a note expressing my gratitude sincerely. To my surprise, he said no one had ever written him to say thank you, and it meant a lot to him. So in my opinion, saying thank you to others is not only easy but also meaningful to the person who says it and the receiver!
阅读下面的短文，然后按照要求写一篇150词左右的英语短文。Throughout history man has changed his physical environment in order to improve his way of life. With the tools of technology he has altered（改变）many physical features of the earth. He has transformed（完全改变） woodlands and prairies（大草原） into farms and made lakes and reservoirs out of rivers for irrigation purposes or hydroelectric power. Man has also changed the face of the earth by draining marshes (排干沼泽) and cutting through mountains to build roads and railways. However, mans changes to the physical environment have not always had beneficial results. Today, pollution of the air and water is an increasing danger to the health of the planet. Each day thousands of tons of gases come out of the exhausts of motor vehicles. Smoke from factories pollutes the air of industrialized areas and the surrounding areas of the countryside. The pollution of water is equally harmful. The whole ecological balance of the sea is being changed and industrial wastes have already made many rivers lifeless.
[写作内容]1）以约30个词概括短文的要点； 2）然后以约120个词就“如何保护地球环境”这一主题发表看法，并包括如下要点： a)作业应正、反面纸都使用，不要浪费纸张； b)尽可能不使用一次性物品，提倡循环使用； c)应根据自己实际饭量买饭，避免剩饭剩菜造成浪费； d)破旧衣服可以继续使用，既节约又不给环境增加污染源。
Although human has improved his living standard by altering the features of the earth, which has brought many benefits as well as harms to the environment. As a result, the environmental protection is more pressing than ever before.
The pollution to the earth are made up of at least seven items, such as paper, plastic, glass, clothes and food waste. Some of them can be reduced by reducing the amount of it or by giving them to some other people who need them. Some of them can be changed to be other things which can be used for another purpose.
Students in our school can also take some actions to reduce the pollution against the earth. We may try to save some paper by writing on both sides of the paper and write smaller words. We may try to use things to be reused instead of things to be used only once. In order not to increase food waste, we should get our meal according to how much we can have. For clothes which are worn out, we should get them mended and keep wearing them so that we can save our money as well as reduce the resource of waste and pollution.
任务型写作40 请根据以下任务说明和写作要求，写一篇150词左右的英语短文。 你要参加一场英语辩论赛，主题是“中学生该不该上网”。在参赛之前，你要查阅相关资料，并准备你的辩论发言。请认真阅读下面的短文，然后完成以下的任务。 1． 概括短文的内容要点，该部分的字数为30词左右； 2． 就“中学生该不该上网”这个主题发表你的看法，至少包含以下的内容要点，该部分的字数为120词左右。 a) 因特网给人们带来的好处； b) 举例说明迷恋上网的害处； c) 你的建议。 [写作要求] 你可以使用实例或其它论述方法支持你的论点，也可以参照阅读材料的内容，但不能抄袭阅读材料中的句子。 [阅读材料]
Advantages and disadvantages of the InternetFifteen years ago, the Internet was unheard of by most people. Today, the Internet is one of the most powerful tools throughout the world. The Internet is a collection of various services and resources. Many fear the Internet because of its disadvantage. They claim (主张) not to use the Internet because they are simply not interested or are afraid of the possible consequences (后果). Children using the Internet has become a big concern. When children talk to others online, they do not realize they could actually be talking to a person who may harm them later. There are many examples that children have been convinced (说服) to meet people they have talked with online. The most common thing the Internet is used for is research. Children and students are among the top ones who use the Internet for research. Today, it is almost required that students use the Internet for research. Another popular thing to do on the Internet is to check out the news. Almost all-local news can be got through the Internet.
One possible Version： As everyone knows, People can get much information through the Internet. Meanwhile, people are also clearly aware of its disadvantages, but some children don’t realize they sometimes make friends with bad people online. In my opinion, people can use the Internet to make friends, download useful materials and go shopping online. It’s really very helpful. However, there are also many disadvantages about the Internet. If you can’t use it correctly, it may be harmful to you. In junior middle school, I was once crazy about playing online games and I couldn’t control myself. As a result, my study results were getting from bad to worse. Besides, if you believe whatever your friends say online, you will be cheated by them some day, I think. As a student, we should spend more our time on studying and less time on the Internet. Of course, if we can control our time of surfing the Internet, we surely can use it after school.
任务写作42 阅读下面的短文, 然后按照要求写一篇150词左右的英语短文。 Color “colors” our lives. We value color so much that we have tried to make our lives more colorful by coloring our clothes, our homes and even our faces. Today, we have come to realize that color can not only reflect one’s personality but also our emotions, our actions and how we respond to various people, things and ideas. Much has been studied and written about color and its impact on our daily lives. What color do you like? Yellow, orange or red? If you do you must be an optimist, a leader, an active person who enjoys life, people and excitement. Do you prefer grey or blue? Then, you are probably quiet, shy, and you would rather follow than lead. You end to be a pessimist. At least, this is what psychologists tell us --- the meaning of color preference and the effects colors have on human beings. They tell us we don’t choose our favorite colors as we grow up. We are born with our preference. If you happen to love brown, you did so as soon as you opened your eyes. Colors do influence our mood, without a doubt. For example, black is depressing while light and bright colors make people not only happier but more active. It is established that factory workers work better, harder, and have fewer accidents when their machine are painted orange rather than black or grey. [写作内容] 3. 以约30个词概括短文的要点； 4. 然后用120个词写一篇文章, 包括一下要点： 1） 说出你最喜欢的一种或两种颜色及原因 2） 举例说明颜色对我们生活的具体影响 3） 如何利用颜色, 促进我们的学习或生活。 [写作要求] 1）文章可参照阅读材料的内容, 但不得直接引用原文中的句子。 2）题目自定。 [评分标准] 概括准确, 语言规范, 内容合适, 篇章连贯。 Possible Version: Colors and Our Lives According to the passage, colors play an important role in our life. They reflect our personality and emotions and different colors have different influences on human beings. Among all the colors, I like green and white best because green is the color of nature, health, and life while white symbolizes purity, cleanliness, and kindness. In our daily life, we can see that colors are used in every field. During the Olympic Games, every athlete wears his team clothes whose colors are similar to his country. That is what colors bring to us --- the symbol of our nation. When seeing the red color on our Chinese Olympic team clothes, we will think of our national flag, our motherland and our identity. The 1.3 billion people in our country are then connected together by the red color. Due to their effects, colors can also influence our study. To arouse our spirits, we can use some bright and light colors on some things that we will see, such as memos on the desks, note books and book covers. Moreover, we can use labels of different colors to sort out reference materials of different subjects. And we can keep a small green plant on our desk to help relax our eyes and minds.
One Possible Version: Dear boys and girls, It’s my great honor to make a speech here. Recently, the People’s Bank of China conducted a quarterly survey on prices in 50 cities. Nearly half of the respondents said they couldn’t tolerate the increasing prices, while some others considered it OK although they acknowledged the truth. As a result, many families began to seek various ways to save money. The survey does draw my attention to the rapidly increasing prices in my daily life. Take food as an example, the prices of pork, beef, fish, chicken, as well as various vegetables, have risen at least 20%. It seems that money is flowing out of our pockets more quickly, but silently. Although we middle school students feel less stress than our parents do, we should also have a proper budget for our pocket money. For example, we can make the most of each exercise book and reuse some waste paper. Or we can also try to cut down our expenses on unnecessary magazines, CDs and so on. In a word, we can save money in many aspects in our daily life. All in all, saving money is a great Chinese virtue and it is especially needed in this period. Thank you!
阅读下面的短文，然后按照要求，写一篇150词左右的英语短文 A Little at a Time Carl Walter was my piano teacher. During one of my lessons he asked how much practice I was doing. I said three or four hours a day. “Do you practice in long stretches, an hour at a time?” “I try to.” “Well, do not,” he exclaimed.” When you grow up, time won’t come in long stretches. Practice in minutes, whenever you can find them five or ten before school, after lunch, between chores. Spread the practice through the day, and piano-playing will become a part of your life.” Years later when I was teaching at
One possible version:
The Significance and Purpose of
阅读下面的短文，然后按要求写一篇150词左右的英语短文。 In some public toilets in
（4）呼吁大家讲文明礼貌，为奥运和亚运作贡献。[写作要求] 1．作文中可使用自己的亲身经历或虚构的故事，也可以参照阅读材料的内容但不得直接 引用原文中的句子； 2．标题自定。 3. 概括准确，语言规范，内容合适，篇章连贯。
One possible version:
Do Be Polite for ourselves, and for our CountryThe passage tells us a phenomenon that many foreign countries have put up signs in Chinese to remind Chinese visitors to behave in good manners. What’s more, the author also indicates that good manners are of great importance to the 2008 Olympic Games. In my opinion, good manners are not only important to one citizen, but also to the whole country and the nation. I still remember that I once came across a really rude and impolite man. At that time, we were waiting for the same bus and the bus finally came. No sooner had the bus opened its door than he pushed onto it. What’s worse, he knocked down an old man and didn’t even say sorry! It was really rude and even cruel. This incident not only showed how bad manners the man had, but also told us a serious current situation that some of our citizens lack the sense of being polite. If the situation continues, it will be a fatal problem to our 2008 Olympic Games and the 2010 Asian Games. So for the sake of our country and the two international Games, do be polite and keep good manners all the time.
阅读下面的短文，然后按照要求写一篇150词左右的英语短文。 The use of advertisement is certainly great both to the producer and the consumer. There is a great deal of truth in the saying that good quality and honest workmanship are best advertisement. Of course, people know that the manufacturers would have done better if they have used the money for advertising in making better products to sell. But in these days of far-extended trade, there is no doubt that advertisement is necessary to make the existence of even first-class goods known. And even goods that are already well known must still be advertised. Some manufacturers are aware of the value of it, for, when they try to save money by stopping their advertisements, their sales go down at once. But advertising has its abuses. Many advertisements are meant to cheat, and do at times cheat the public by raising the price of worthless goods. There is only one comfort in this aspect that a lying advertisement cannot sell worthless goods for long, for the people who buy it will not buy it a second time. As an old saying goes, “You can take in all people part of time; and you can take in some people all the time; but you cannot take in all the people all the time. [写作内容] 1. 概括短文的内容要点,该部分的词数约为30; 2．就“广告的好与不好”发表你的看法,写一篇字数约为120的文章，并包括以下要点： 1) 广告对消费者和商家的作用； 2) 广告到处可见，是一个大的产业； 3) 但有时商家会以虚假夸大的广告获取利益而损害消费者的利益； 4) 你个人的观点。 [写作要求] 1）文章可参照阅读材料的内容，但不得直接引用原文中的句子。 2）题目自定。 [评分标准] 概括准确，语言规范，内容合适，篇章连贯。
One possible version: Advertisement Advertisements have become a must for today’s business world and even the decisive factor towards the business activities. But they are sometimes wrongly used at the expenses of consumers, too. Advertisements are getting their way into people’s lives. People heavily depend on advertising for the choice of their daily necessities and other commodities while manufacturers make their products publicly known through advertising. There are many ways to advertise and “ads” come in different forms. Newspapers carry advertisements. Some products are announced on TV and radio. Billboards also carry advertising and advertising is a big industry now. However, advertising is not always truthful. A product is often misrepresented. The advertiser exaggerates the benefits of the merchandise he wants to sell. Thus, he misrepresents the truth. The consumer falls with victim to such advertising. Millions of people have bought advertised products that they haven’t always been satisfied with. Personally, there are advantages and disadvantages to advertisements. The emphases should be laid on the establishment of laws and regulations so that the consumers’ rights can be guaranteed.
任务型写作50 阅读下面的短文，然后按照要求写一篇150词左右的英语短文。 A long time ago, there was a
[写作内容] 1． 以约30个词概括“渔夫夫妇”的品质； 2． 以约120个词，从“渔夫夫妇”或者“天鹅”的行为任选一个角度发表你的看法， 并包括如下要点: (1) 請你对“渔夫夫妇”的做法或者“天鹅”接受“渔夫夫妇”的关爱導致的结果进行评价，并说出理由； (2) 假如你是“渔夫夫妇”或者“天鹅”，你该怎么做？
[写作要求] 1．可以使用实例来支持你的论点，也可以参照阅读材料的内容论述，但不得直接引用原文中的句子； 2．标题自定。
One possible version:
Real loveIn the above fable, the old couple have shown us their valuable moral characters of being kind, friendly, considerate and unselfish to the swans, which made them unwilling to leave. ( 30 ) There is no denying that the couple loved the swans so much that they spared no efforts to help the swans. Helpful as it was at that moment, it would gradually weaken the swans’ living ability and cultivated the habit of laziness. Eventually, they took all the help for granted and completely depend on others. In the long run, this kind of love isn’t the real one. Had I been the couple, I wouldn’t have done the favor to them unconditionally. Instead, I would have forced them to live independently, which might be cruel but would prove to be adequate. The harmful love is to arrange everything perfectly for him while the real love is to give him wings which results in lifelong benefits.
LoveIn the above fable, the old couple have shown us their valuable moral characters of being kind, friendly, considerate and unselfish to the swans, which made them unwilling to leave. ( 30 ) Inspired by the story, I sudde3nly realized the importance of independence. As far as I am concerned, the death of the swans resulted from their over-reliance on the couple. They abandoned themselves in the selfless love and became numb, without planning for their future. Worse still, they gradually lost their capability of hunting food. Likewise, children nowadays are like pearls in their parents’ palm, who can not experience as much as those in the old days. Therefore, I believe we students should learn to be independent, otherwise we should be struggling the rest of our life. 任务型写作51 阅读下面的短文，然后按照要求写一篇150词左右的英语短文。 One afternoon, I went to the airport by taxi, but when I got into a taxi, the driver was very angry about something that had happened to him earlier that day. Here’s the story he told me: “One of my passengers left his wallet in my car this morning, and there was about three hundred dollars in it. In order to find the owner, I spent more than an hour trying to find the guy. Finally I found him at his hotel according to the clues in the wallet. However, when I returned him the wallet, he took the wallet without saying anything and glared at me as though I’d meant to steal it.” “He didn’t give you a reward?” I asked. “Not a cent. But it wasn’t the money I wanted,” he said, and then exploded, “If the guy had only said something…” Why was the driver so upset? All he wanted was something very simple, but even more valuable than money: to be thanked for his efforts. In short, what he wanted was no more than a little bit of gratitude. [写作内容] 1、 以约30个词概括短文内容； 2、 以约120个词，从“的士司机”或者“失主”的行为任选一个角度发表你的看法， 并包括如下要点: (1) 請你对“的士司机” 的行为或者“失主”对待“的士司机”的态度和做法进行评价，并说出理由； (2) 假如你是“的士司机”或者“失主”，你该怎么做？ [写作要求] 1．可以使用实例来支持你的论点，也可以参照阅读材料的内容论述，但不得直接引用原文中的句子； 2．标题自定。
One possible version:
Love and gratitudeAn angry driver told the author that with 300 dollars in it, he made efforts to gives a lost wallet back to its owner out of kindness, only to receive nothing in return. But a suspected glare. To be frank, I appreciate the driver of his kindness but felt ashamed of the owner. Had I been the driver, I would have been angry as well, because when he found the lost wallet, he didn’t hesitate to search for the owner. Much to my admiration, what he wanted in return might be very simple, something like “Thank you” or a smile of gratitude, not even a little money, which could be enough. As is known to us all, those who appeal for love and gratitude are of great virtue. Both of them are exactly what we need to build up a harmonious society. Therefore, to be ready to show your love to whatever in need of help, express your gratitude to whoever helps you. Then you will find it is love and gratitude that leads to prosperity.
GratitudeA driver returned a lost wallet to the owner but didn’t get anything, even a little bit of gratitude in return, which made the author think that to be grateful is simple but very useful. As far as I am concerned, what the owner did was very impolite, which showed that he never holds a grateful attitude to others’ help, we would never get out of it by ourselves. Therefore, what we need to do when receiving others’ assistance is to thank them sincerely, which is even more valuable than money or any other things. If I were the guy, I would show my sincere gratitude to such a warm-hearted person and I know that is all he wanted. Whatever you have got from others, though you are not able to return it, you should show them your gratitude which may be a treasure for others forever.
任务型写作52 Most people remember their teachers as some kind of despotic （专制的）person although it isnt always the truth. Most of them are quite nice and are always there to give us a hand when we need one. Not so long ago, you might think the teacher was The Teacher and was almighty（万能的） and the students were there to learn and nothing else. Now there is some kind of interactivity between the students and the teacher. To my mind, teachers are here to teach us their knowledge and to listen to what we have to say. Indeed, students arent afraid to tell them what they think any more. However, this doesn’t mean that they dont control their troops, it is just because times and methods have changed. Our teachers are now closer to their students and have created some kind of soft climate that allows us to be in class without a feeling of obligation or what so ever. Nevertheless, we can but notice that the "power" is still in the teachers hands. If something goes wrong it is up to him or her to react properly and to carry out punishment if it is necessary.
（写作内容） 1．以30个词概括文章内容要点： 2．以约120个词发表自己的看法，包括如下要点： （A）：如
Cherish the good relationship Modern relationship between teachers and students is much better than that in the past, which is more relaxing and pleasant, but it doesn’t mean that teachers have lost the power over their students. Nowadays, getting along well with teachers is much valued than ever before. We need to respect them and appreciate their efforts, while at the same time we need to do our basic responsibilities well, such as attending class on time, being well prepared for class with completed assignments and being fully concentrated in class. Actually, having a good relationship with teachers makes it easier for us to get along smoothly with our study at school。 As far as I am concerned, my teacher was my good friend, so I would turn to him whenever I had any trouble and he always gave me a hand timely. It has had a strong effect on my personality, such as being helpful and considerate, which enables me to grow up healthily. Therefore, good relationship is worthwhile for everyone to cherish.
[写作内容] (1) 请用30个词概括短文的要点； (2) 然后用约120个词就“‘为了环保和节能，禁止商场免费提供塑料袋’的禁令与方便老百姓日常生活的矛盾”这一中心发表看法，并包括如下要点： ① 你对国家这一禁令的看法，并说明你的理由； ② 禁令实施后，消费者该怎么办?
[写作要求] (1) 可以使用实例或其他论述方法支持你的论点，也可以参照阅读材料的内容，但得 直接引用原文中的句子； (2 ) 标题自定。
One possible version:
Worrying about environmental issues and a severe waste of resources,
I think the ban is good both for us and for the whole world, which can reduce waste and save resources. As we know, oil is non-renewable resource. Overuse of oil will bring us a series of troubles. Overuse of plastic bags will bring us lots of diseases. So, we can not wait to stop using them. Many countries, including those with developed economy, have bitten the bullet and banned plastic bags.
But everything is two-sided. For the time being, people have really got used to using them, and they do give us lots of convenience. If we forbid using plastic bags, we should find ways to solve the problem. We consumers ought to bring cloth bags or shopping baskets instead of plastic bags.
写作一、 [写作内容] 3． 以约30个词概括上述寓言故事的要点； 4． 以约120个词，从“小男孩”、“苹果树”或者“小男孩和苹果树”两者之间的行为 任选一个角度发表你的看法，并包括如下要点: (1) 谈谈你对他或他们行为的评价，并说出理由； (2) 你读后的感受与启示。 [写作要求] 1．可以使用实例来支持你的论点，也可以参照阅读材料的内容论述，但不得直接引用原文中的句子； 2．标题自定。
One possible version: Mother’s Love The fable presents a sentimental story to us in which an apple tree satisfied a boy’s wishes unconditionally. To the tree, nothing was more delightful than the boy’s company. The apple tree’s magnanimity and the boy’s selfishness impress me most. What the tree has done shows us how devoted a mother can be. The tree, like a passionate mother, always embraced the boy whole-heartedly no matter when he came back and what he required of it. But the boy’s actions are really shameful. Regardless of the tree’s health, he deprived the tree of its fruit, branches and even the trunk. He was too selfish. I was deeply moved by the fable and felt an impulse to praise all the mothers. It made me realize how great my mother is and I should be grateful for what she has done. To reward her, I’ll do my utmost to live up to her expectations.
写作二 以约30个词概括树的品质； 然后以 “If I were the boy，what would I do?”为题目编一个故事： ［写作要求］ （1）可以参照阅读材料的篇章结构，组织故事，但不得直接引用原文中的句子； （2）标题自定。 ［评分标准］ 概括准确，语言规范，内容合适，篇章连贯。 One possible version:
If I Were the Boy，What Would I Do? The tree in the fable is affectionate and unselfish. It dedicated everything to the boy but asked for no return. All it desired is the boy’s company. If I were the boy, I would keep contact with the tree and be considerate. First, from the bottom of my heart, I know the tree is more than a tree, it is my dearest love. Young or old, I would keep in touch with it using various ways. If I have to travel away, I would write to it, phone him or send e-mails to it informing it of my life. Secondly, in order not to let my dearest feel so lonely, I would plant some trees and flowers around it. These plants will brave the hard winters with it. In addition, I would invite some other children to play with it. Their company will surely make the life more colorful. Therefore, if I were the boy, I would hold the tree dear.
写作三 概括文章大意，写出寓意。编写一个与现实生活有关的故事。 ［写作要求］ （1）可以参照阅读材料的篇章结构，组织故事，但不得直接引用原文中的句子； （2）标题自定。 ［评分标准］ 概括准确，语言规范，内容合适，篇章连贯。
One possible version: An Old Tree and Little Birds The fable presents a story to us in which an apple tree sacrificed everything for the boy. The moral of it is that parental love is so infinite that children should be grateful for that. Concerning trees, there is another story of an old tree that I want to share with you. In a valley of a mountainous area, there was an old tree. Many birds built their nests in it. Every spring, the little birds were hatched out. Then the tree would describe the beautiful world across the mountains to these curious birds. Its descriptions of the outside world were so fabulous that the birds were eager to grow up. In autumn, the birds left the tree and went to the world outside the valley. But they didn’t forget the tree and flew back in winter. What’s more, they brought back more stories which the old tree would depict vividly to the other little birds. That’s how the world should be like: the old and the young are devoted to each other.
写作四：写一篇命题作文， 把树当成父母 （我是如何对待父母的？）
［写作要求］ （1）可以参照阅读材料的篇章结构，组织故事，但不得直接引用原文中的句子； （2）标题自定。 ［评分标准］ 概括准确，语言规范，内容合适，篇章连贯。
One possible version:
Treat My Parents Well The fable presents a sentimental story to us in which an apple tree satisfied a boy’s wishes unconditionally. To the tree, nothing was more delightful than the boy’s company. What the tree has done for the boy reminds me of my parents. Like the tree, they would sacrifice everything for me. So I think it my duty to treat my parents with care. First, in daily life, I should express my love and gratitude frequently. To let them know I appreciate what they have done for me is one important way to comfort them. I know words of love count much in making my parents happy. Secondly, I should do whatever I can to help my parents. Although I am busy with my study, I should help with the housework. Just as the saying goes: Actions speak louder than words, I should contribute my part in building up a harmonious family. In short, it is my obligation to treat my parents well. 任务型写作55 Most people feel lonely sometimes, but it usually lasts only between a few minutes and a few hours. This kind of loneliness is not serious. In fact, it is quite normal. For some people, though, loneliness an last for years. Psychologists have already identified three different types of loneliness. The first kind of loneliness is the most common type. It usually disappears quickly and does not require any special attention. The second kind is a natural result of a particular situation, for example, a divorce, the death of a loved one, or moving to a new place. The third kind of loneliness is the most severe. The third type usually lasts more than two years and has no specific cause. Unfortunately, many lonely people think there is little or nothing they can do to improve their condition. Most researchers agree that the loneliest people are between the ages of 16 and 20, so a group of psychologists decided to study a group of college freshmen. They found that more then 50 percent were situationally lonely at the beginning of the term as a result of their new circumstances but had adjusted after a few months. Thirteen percent were still lonely after seven months due to shyness and fear. The situationally lonely freshmen overcame their loneliness by making new friends, but the third lonely people remained unhappy because they were afraid to do so. ［写作内容］ 1) 以约30个词概括短文的要点； 2) 以约120个词发表你的看法，并包括以下要点： a) 叙述你感到孤独的某个时刻； b) 解释你为什么觉得孤独； c) 你怎样排除孤独感； d) 根据你的经历，给出排除孤独建议 ［写作要求］ （3）故事 可以是亲身经历或虚构的 可以参照阅读材料的篇章结构，组织故事，但不得直接引用原文中的句子； （4）标题自定。 概括准确，语言规范，内容合适，篇章连贯。
One possible version: Learn to get rid of loneliness This passage talks about three kinds of loneliness. The cause of each loneliness differs and a study shows each loneliness lasts for different period of time. Several years ago, I moved a
阅读下面的短文， 然后按要求写一篇150字左右的英语短文。 Increasingly, the development of tourism is seen to have an effect on the environment. Erosion ( 腐蚀 ), is one problem. The steps and stones of many popular sites like Shakespears’s birthplace or
One possible version:
The development of tourism has exerted a negative effect on the environment, leading to erosion traffic congestion , pollution, and disturbed wildlife habitats. And measures to protect the deteriorate environment often prove not practical or economical enough. These phenomena can also been seen in my home city Shenzhen, which is famous for a lot of attractive scenic spots, such as the China Folk Culture Villages Shenzhen(中国民俗文化村),Splendid China(锦绣中华 ),the Shenzhen Safari Park( 深圳野生动物园 ),Window to the World( 世界之窗 ), Happy Valley( 欢乐谷 ) and so on.
任务型写作57 Recently a survey has been made on teenagers’ use of the Internet . The results are as follows . Out of the 238 students who returned questionnaires, 179(75%) use the Internet at least once a week on average. The weekly Internet users are almost equally distributed between boys(52%) and girls(48%),as compared with other studies which found sig- nificantly more boys than girls online .The average amount of time spent on the Inter- net is 8 hours per week. However, the hours online per week vary greatly, from a little half an hour to a grand total of 62 hours per week. Most of the teenagers reflect that the favorite online services are games online, and few mention the use of the library on the Internet. According to teenagers who use the Internet very often : 58% of them fre quently play games online, 34% of them chat by QQ or chat in chat rooms, and 5% of them reed the news and less than 3% of them use the Internet as a tool for their study. [写作内容 ] 你要参加一次中美学生专题交流会，主题是《青少年学生应该如何正确 利用网络》。在参赛之前，你需要查阅相关资料，并准备你的辩论发言。内容如下： 1. 以约30个词概括短文的内容要点； 2. 以约120个词就《 青少年学生应该如何正确利用网络》发表你的观点， 并包括以下内容： （1） 网络与人们的生活关系及青少年与网络的关系。 （2） 不正确使用网络的后果。 （3） 青少年应该如何利用网络。 [ 写作要求 ] 可以使用实例或其他论述方法来支持你的观点，也可以参照阅读材料中 的内容，但不得直接引用原文中的句子。 [评分标准] 概括准确，语言规范，内容合适，篇章连贯。
One possible version:
Time on housework will be rewardingBeing gradually aware of the significance in children’s involving in housework, parents are changing from a role of overprotection to a more reasonable level of encouraging initiative participation in household chores. It’s inspiring and meaningful to see that children are no longer deprived of their rights to develop practical skills in housework, instead, they are given the chances to contribute their shares and are often rewarded with a spiritual fulfillment. Fortunately, I’m one of the countless teenagers who have benefited a great deal from this kind of perceptual transition of our parents. I have frequently been encouraged to deal with cooking the meal, sweeping the floor as well as washing dishes since an early age of seven. And I am proud enough to take the responsibility of preparing a good meal when Mom and Dad are delayed by their work. Thanks to their early realization and ever-lasting persistence in the cultivation of my independence, I have grown more skillful and willing to take my share of obligation either at home or at school. Pushing the children on their way to housework is initial yet effective if parents tend to ensure a promising future
任务型写作59 阅读下面的短文，然后按照要求写一篇150词左右的英文短文。 On August 26, 1999,
Just as Mike puts it, he managed to get to office after overcoming a lot of difficulties in the downpour, which resulted in his director’s thank for his devotion to his job. In my opinion, Mike must have been moved because the hardships he experienced and overcame paid off. I can’t help recalling one of my experiences. In Senior 1, I was so weak in English that I had to turn to my deskmate for help quite frequently. But one day, after reading a book he lent to me, I asked him a question in English, which made him puzzled. Then I told him the detailed position of the question on his book. What delighted me was that I thanked my deskmate by helping him. Of course, there are varieties of way to thank others like getting greater achievements, helping the helpers, saying “thank you” on the spot, in a letter, on the phone and so on. Although tired and upset, the helper may receive recognition and encouragement. 任务型写作60 阅读下面的短文，然后按照要求写一篇150词左右的英文短文。 Several times throughout the year you may be asked to work with one or more of your classmates. Whatever the task your group is assigned, a few rules need to be followed to ensure a productive and successful experience. What comes first is to keep an open mind, because everyone’s ideas deserve consideration and each group member can make his or her own contribution. Secondly, it makes a job easier to divide the group task among all group members. Choose a role on the team that is best suited to your particular strengths. Thirdly, always work together, take turns, and encourage each other by listening, clarifying, and trusting one another. Mutual support and trust often make a great difference. Activities of teamwork are most effective when done by small groups. Here are some more suggestions for effective team performance during these activities: Make sure each group member understands and agrees to the task given to him or her, and everyone knows exactly when, why and what to do; take turns doing various tasks during similar and repeated activities; be aware of where other group members are and what they are doing so as to ensure safety; be responsible for your own learning, though it is by no means unwise to compare your observations with those of other group members. After you’ve completed a task with your team, make an evaluation of the team’s effectiveness — the strengths and weaknesses, opportunities and challenges. [ 写作内容 ] 你参加一次主题为《合作学习》讨论,准备发言。内容如下： 5. 以约30个词概括短文的内容要点； 6. 以约120个词就《合作学习》进行发言，包括以下内容： （1） 合作学习的好处和必要性。 （2） 你心目中的合作学习中处理某个问题的步骤。 [ 写作要求 ] 可以使用实例或其他论述方法来支持你的观点，也可以参照阅读材料中 的内容，但不得直接引用原文中的句子。 [评分标准] 概括准确，语言规范，内容合适，篇章连贯。
Teamwork not only needs an open mind, task dividing, support and trust among each other, but also requires members to know when, why, how and what to do. Evaluation is also necessary. Group work is necessary, and is usually more productive than working alone. Because during the course of it, ideas are shared, experiments are designed, data are analyzed, and results are evaluated and shared with other members. When there is a problem to solve, divide the topic into several areas, and this can explore the issue in a very detailed way. Each person had better keep records of the sources used, which helps you trace back to the origin of the problems. Exchanging information is also important, for a well-chosen method not only strengthens what you present but also makes yourself easily understood. When the time comes to make a decision, it is always wise to make decisions by compromise and agreement.
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