2020-2021 年高考英语核心词汇专项突破 1：名词（1）一、单词拼写 （根据语境写出单词的正确形式，共 30 小题，每空 1 分，共计 30 分）1. Eighty percent of the school children begin to have _________(使用/接近) to the Internet at the age of nine.2. However, having friends who are different from us would have some _________(优势/优点) of its own. 3. He said there is no _________(供替代的选择) for him but to maintain order under such circumstances.4. Through the above _________(分析), I believe that the positive aspects overweight the negative ones.5. My final advice is that you should take special care of your _________(外貌/相貌). Though we should not judge a person by his appearance, the first impression is very important.6. His _________(抱负) was achieved when he received his doctor’s degree from Cambridge University.7. Teamwork is required in order to achieve these __________(目的).8. Apart from the cheap __________(食宿）, there are many lovely cafes in this coastal city.9. Salad not only tastes delicious but also arouses people’s ________(食欲） and it is especially popular with those who are on a diet.10. The old couple held a wonderful party in celebration of their fiftieth wedding ___________(周年纪念）. 11. To my way of thinking, you can collect this information from friends, _________( 熟人 ), colleagues, or volunteers for the project. 12.Now that you’re no longer a child, pay attention to your ___________ (行为/举止) in public.13. She holds the strong ___________ (信念) that she will accomplish her ideal pretty soon. 14. Busy as she is, she manages to make reasonable ___________ (安排) for her daily routines. 15. The cute toys on the desk drew the ___________(注意) of the little girl and she was dying to get them.16. The boy lost his ___________(平衡) and fell off the bike all of a sudden. As a result, he was black and blue all over.17. The secretary attended the conference on ___________(代表 ) of the manager. In other words, the secretary attended the conference in place of the manager.18. Thank you for your timely ___________ (协助) from the bottom of my heart. You’re really a helpful assistant.19.The job of an ___________(建筑师） is designing buildings or is responsible for planning or creating an idea, an event or a situation. 20. She now has _________(权威；权力) over the people who used to be her bosses. 21. I didn’t have a good command of French. Therefore, when I first arrived at France, I found it tough for me to fit in because French was my language_________ (障碍）. 22. All the passengers were on _________（在船上） and the flight was about to take off. 23. Due to cultural difference, we are different from each other in many_________ （方面）, such as dressing, ways of thinking and eating habits, etc. 24. Actually, going abroad has no _________（吸引力）to me. Even if I were given a chance, I wouldn’t choose to live overseas. 25. Mark is very interested in universe and he aims to take up _________（天文学）, the scientific study of the sun, moon, stars, planets, etc. 26. Instead of being spoiled, children should eat bitter food to learn to be frugal (节俭的), do hard work to learn to cherish, and be sent to somewhere tough to learn to be _________(勇敢的).27. What’s more, with scientific and technological _________( 突破 ), e-book will be more convenient and comfortable for people to use.28. With a reasonable _________(预算), I can save more than 20% of my money every month, which used to be spent on unnecessary things.29. Now I am the No. 1 _________(选手) for the English Speaking Contest in our school, owing to my excellent performance in English.30. More than 6,000 people from all walks of life in Chaozhou took part in the _________(仪式 ), including students from primary, high schools and universities.二、单句填空（根据语境在横线处填入一个适当的词或用所给词的正确形式填空，共 30 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 30 分。）1. Apart _________ that, listening to music also enables me _________(feel) calm and relaxed.2. As was expected, he got rid _________ his terrible accent and even _________(win) the first prize in the English Oral Contest of our school.3. At last she interrupted _________(abrupt) what he was saying.4. When a student is _________(absence) from school, he will call and tell them _________ they have missed.5. No doubt, _________(maintain) our culture and traditions is _________(absolute) necessary in today’s growing multi-culture communication.6. _________ is reported that some young girls are too absorbed _________ “star dream”, thus _________(ignore) their study.7. _________(judge) from his accent, the foreigner should be from America.8.Such bad behavior is _________(acceptable) in a civilized society.9. Most important of all, modesty makes you _________(access) and creates _________(favor) conditions for you in interpersonal contacts.10. According _________ the passage, extreme temperatures happen much _________(frequent) than ever before in European countries.11. Each time I come up with _________ idea after long-time thinking, I feel a great sense of _________(achieve).12. It is universally _________(acknowledge) that education is the key _________ economic success.13. It is an _________(admire) and wise decision that is worth _________(follow) by all.14. He admitted _________ (make) a terrible mistake.15.There has been a change in his attitude __________ life after his complete failure.16.We were all amazed ________(learn) that the website has been closed for a certain reason.17.________ her great embarrassment，she couldn’t answer the teacher’s question.18.What my father did this morning was _______ my comprehension，so I am still confused now.19.The wild flowers looked like a soft orange blanket _________(cover) the desert.20.He was getting_________ (bore) with doing the same thing every day.21.We all want to make a good first_________ (impress) and escape getting stuck in an awkward conversation.22.I didn’t make his failure public to avoid seeing his_________ (embarrass) look.23.To attain a high level of_________(fluent) in a foreign language，you need to be surrounded by it.24.One by one，the applicants left the interviewer’s office with _________(disappoint) looks on their faces.25.The scenery was so beautiful that it was almost beyond_________ (describe).26.The school has a system of rewards and punishments to encourage good_________ (behave).27.Before an exam ， parents are advised to take pressure off their children and give them some _________(encourage).28.The_________(instruct) on the bottle are really confusing，which I can’t understand at all.29.The supermarket is taking on a few temporary_________ (assist) for the Christmas season.30. I would really appreciate _________ if you could accept my _________(apologize) 三、短语句型 （请根据汉语提示完成下列英文句子，共 30 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 30 分。）1. The author highlights the effect of work on people’s health, because it can ______________( 摆脱 ) one’s loneliness, and make one feel fruitful and proud of himself, which always ______________(有助于) a good body.2. I think you will benefit a lot because the language is very easy and interesting to understand and learn, and ______________(尤其重要的是), it is a very good way to understand and spread our Chinese cultures.3. It sells well both ______________(在国内外) and has good after-sale service.4. ______________(由于缺乏确凿的证据), the prisoner was set free. 5. I am greatly convinced that everyone in China will ______________(获得/可以享受) basic medical and health services free of charge one day.6. I finished my homework but then I deleted it ______________(无意中/意外地), which almost drove me totally crazy.7. A number of factors could ______________(说明……的原因) the increase in private cars.8. ______________(把所有这些因素都考虑进来), we may safely reach the conclusion that practice is the only criterion for testing truth.9. Michael Jordan ______________(被普遍认为是) the best basketball player in the history of NBA.10. Many students find it difficult to ______________(适应) the college life in the beginning because they may be in a quite different world, and they may sometimes feel lonely and depressed.11. The rise in the house rent ______________(增加了我们的困难) in settling down in this city.12. ______________(除了…… 之外) the killed and wounded, many were missing.13. In 1983, he graduated from Columbia University and in 1988, he ______________(被录取进入) Harvard Law School, where he gained his doctor’s degree in 1991.14. To my great relief, he guaranteed that the work shall be finished ______________(提前/提早).15. Tom is trying to ______________(获得对我的优势) by getting Joe’s support.16. When her son stole others’ things, she didn’t blame him. ______________(日复一日), he had formed a bad habit of stealing things.17. These measures mainly ______________(旨在帮助) across the country raise their awareness of environment.18. Personally, I hope the Spring Festival Gala Evening will continue. ______________(毕竟 ), it has been a tradition for many years.19. Life consists of __________(不但) sunshine __________(而且) hard times.20. He was beginning to ______________(生我的气) about my carelessness.21. Just as the saying goes, one should ______________(对他所做的事情负责).22. ______________(很显然) the Internet ______________(在我们的生活中起到重要的作用).23. I am writing this letter to reflect some problems I came across recently and ______________( 呼吁 ) the improvement of the service industry.24. That is the reason why you get easily tired and do not ______________(对……有好胃口) food.25. According to the survey, slightly more than half of the students ______________( 赞成 / 同意 ) the new regulation.26.That is __________________________ I'm not in favour of revising the plan.这就是我不赞成修正这个计划的原因。27.His failure was due to______________ he had not practised for a long time.他的失败是由于他没有练习很长时间。28. _______________________ it will rain in the evening. 可能晚上会下雨。29. How they went to America is _______________________.他们如何到的美国是我想知道的事情。30.______________that he had left his key at home.他突然想起把钥匙落在了家里。四：写作练习（请根据汉语提示完成下列英文句子，共 10 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 10 分。）1.我们身边有很多可敬的人。【2020 全国卷Ⅰ书面表达】We have a lot of______________________________________________________.2.他们可能是我们的老师、父母或长辈。至于我，我父亲是我最尊敬的人。【2020 全国卷Ⅰ书面表达】They may be our teachers, parents or one of our elders. As for me, my father is ___________________.3.我父亲是一位非常热爱工作和学生的老师。【2020 全国卷Ⅰ书面表达】My father is a teacher _____________________________________________________.4. 他每天都很努力，但他也会抽出时间陪我，和我分享他工作中的许多有趣的事情。【2020 全国卷Ⅰ书面表达】He works very hard every day but he will also ______________________________________________me about his work. 5. 当我在学习中遇到学习上的问题时，父亲会耐心地听我的，鼓励我勇敢地克服困难。【2020 全国卷Ⅰ书面表达】When I __________________ of learning in my study, my father will listen to me patiently and ____________________________________________________. 6.他在工作中取得了很大成就，受到学生们的尊敬。所以，在我心目中，父亲是我最尊敬的人，我深深地爱着他。【2020 全国卷Ⅰ书面表达】He achieved a lot in his work, _________________________. So, in my mind my father is the person I respect most and ____________________.7.上周末，在学生会的组织下，一群志愿者到希望农场帮助农民摘桃子。______________________________, a group of volunteers went to Hope Farm to help the farmers pick peaches last weekend. 【2020 全国卷Ⅱ书面表达】8.农场坐落在山脚下，天空湛蓝，空气清新。【2020 全国卷Ⅱ书面表达】The farm __________________________________, and the sky is blue and the air is fresh. 9.我们被美丽的风景所吸引。【2020 全国卷Ⅱ书面表达】We __________________________________________________.10.那里有各种各样的果树和各种各样的动物。【2020 全国卷Ⅱ书面表达】There are ____________________________________________________________________________.2021 年高考英语核心词汇专项突破之名词（第一课时）参考答案一：单词拼写1.access 2. advantages 3.alternative 4. analysis 5. appearance 6. ambition 7 aims\ goals 8.accommodation 9. appetite; 10. anniversary 11. acquaintances; 12 behaviour 13. belief 14. arrangements 15. attention 16. balance 17. behalf 18. assistance 19. architect 20. authority 21.barrier 22. board 23. aspects 24. appeal 25. astronomy 26. brave; 27. breakthrough; 28 budget 29 candidates 30 ceremony 二：单句填空1.from; to feel 2. of; won 3. abruptly 4. absent; what 5. maintaining; absolutely 6. It; in; ignoring 7. Judging 8. unacceptable 9. accessible; favorable 10. to; more frequent 11. an; achievement 12. acknowledged; to 13. admirable; being followed 14. making 15. to\ towards ; 16. to learn 17. To 18. beyond 19. covering; 20. bored; 21. impression 22. embarrassed 23. fluency 24. disappointed; 25. description 26. behaviour 27. encouragement; 28. instructions 29. assistants 30. it; apology; 三：短语句型1. get rid of; contributes to 2. above all 3. at home and abroad 4. In the absence of firm evidence 5. have access to 6. by accident 7. account for 8. Taking into account all these factors 9. is generally acknowledged to be 10. adapt to 11. has added to our difficulties 12. In addition to/Apart from 13. was admitted into 14. ahead of time/in advance 15. gain/have an advantage over me 16. Day after day 17. aim to help people 18. After all 19. not only…but also 20. get very annoyed with me 21. answer for what he does 22. It is apparent/obvious/clear that; plays a very important role in our life 23. appeal to 24. have a good appetite for 25. approve of 26. the reason why 27 that fact that 28. It is possible \ likely that 29 what I want to know 30 It occurred to him 四：写作练习1. respectable people around us 2 the person I respect most 3.who loves his work and his students very much. 4.spare some time to accompany me and share many funny things with me5. come across the problems ;encourage me to overcome the difficulties bravely.6.respected by his students; I love him deeply7.Organized by the student union8.is situated at the foot of a mountain9.were attracted by the beautiful scenery10.different kinds of fruit trees as well as a variety of animals.