2020-2021 年高考英语核心词汇专项突破 2：名词（2）单词拼写 （根据语境写出单词的正确形式，共 30 小题，每空 1 分，共计 30 分）1. In a word, the 90s generation are facing more _________(挑战) as well as opportunities than other generations.2. Waste water from people’s daily life and agricultural _________(化学制品) also lead to the pollution of the river.3. Personally, the best _________(选择) is a good major at a good university. If we can’t obtain both, the first thing to consider is a good major.4. A heated discussion was held about whether it is necessary to start learning English from _________(童年) in Class 3.5. Family plays a significant role in shaping children’s _________(性格).6. In my opinion, it is wrong of us students to consume blindly, such as following the fashion, pursuing famous _________(品牌/牌子) of clothes.7. We Chinese are launching a _________(运动) to build a harmonious society as well.8. For the past few years, a great number of banks have opened_________（分支机构）in Shanghai, the biggest financial centre in China. 9. Computers can help people in different ways. For example, computers help scientists in analyzing data and doing complex _________（计算）.10. Doctors warn that angry feelings can lead to heart disease, stomach problems, headaches, emotional problems and possibly _________（癌症）. 11. Different people have different views about whether it is wise to pay kids with _________（现金）for doing housework. 12. Please read the _________（目录）from cover to cover before you decide which model to purchase. 13. It is generally thought that the global warming may one day give rise to an environmental _________（大灾难）. 14. The president from the headquarters of Guinness World Records in Britain awarded them _________（证书）. 15. Liu Xiang, who was also born in Shanghai but three years younger than Yao Ming, is a world _________（冠军） in the 110-metre hurdles. 16. Here I’d like to introduce to you the TV program “Learning Chinese” on CCTV 9, which is an international _________（频道） 17. The local government was taking emergency measures to rectify (整顿) the state of _________（混乱）. 18. The last _________（章节） was deleted from the book for a variety of reasons. 19. As is apparently shown in the _________（图表）above, many middle school students have problems both physically and mentally. 20. In Arab countries, people usually kiss each other on the _________（面颊）when they meet. 21. We Chinese take it for granted that _________（筷子）are the tools for eating noodles.22. Jane paused in front of the ___________(柜台) where some attractive ties were on display.23. It was his __________(勇气) but not his skill that helped him win the ___________(比赛).24. Having confirmed that his mother was in good ___________(状况), he walked out of her bedroom quietly.25. Consequently, they drew a ___________(结论) that they should combine the two classes into one.26. Thomas Edison, the well-known creator, had made great___________ (贡献)to our life.27. Good ___________(交流) is needed if the two parties want to reach consensus.28. We can know from the chart that the commercial bank is more willing to lend money to honest ___________(顾客).29. The old___________(夫妇) would visit their cousins in the countryside every year when Christmas was around the corner.30. The ___________(气候) in Beijing is different from that in Guangdong.一、单句填空（根据语境在横线处填入一个适当的词或用所给词的正确形式填空，共 30 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 30 分。）1. _________(confront) with these difficulties, what you need is something like strength or _________(brave).2. When it was my turn to perform, I walked to the piano as _________(calm) as possible, sat down, took a deep _________(breathe) and played the first part.3. To be brief, no matter who you are and _________ you are doing, you should have your dreams and hold on to _________ because they give you chances _________(taste) success.4. Being able to store and process _________ large amount of information, the computer brings _________ great convenience and high efficiency to people.5. Besides, studying abroad can not only _________(broad) their horizons but also _________(deep) their understanding of the culture and customs in that country.6. My finger got badly _________(burn), now it becomes _________(swell).7. I almost buried myself _________ books every day, _________(go) over every required subject and doing a lot of exercises.8. They _________(emphasis) that they have been kept busy _________ their study and have no time to spare for the outdoor activities.9. We _________(tell) that our rooms hadn’t been reserved for that week, _________ for the week after.10. At last, he had no choice but _________(admit) his mistake.11. _________(base) on my personal experience, we are able to achieve success _________ means of working hard.12. In some cases, what comes easy for you is perhaps _________(challenge) for others.13. _________ is certain that the computer has deeply changed our lives and our _________(social).14. _________ is advisable to keep a little food in reserve in case _________ emergency.15. How do you wish to pay your bill, sir, _________ cash or by credit card?16. Nobody can _________(casual) succeed, it comes from the thorough self-control and the will.17. The Chinese community here are shooting off fireworks _________ celebration of the Chinese New Year.18. Recently _________ survey has been done to find out the cause _________ obesity among high school students.19. Doctors are understandably _________(caution) about this new treatment.20.As a teacher，you should always be patient ______your students.21.My visit to Xi’an last year left an unforgettable impression ______ me and I’m going there next year.22.I still remember three years ago when I was admitted ______this school.23.To avoid _________(see) by the teacher，Tom got into the classroom from the back door quietly.24.I greatly appreciate your _________(bring) me so much enjoyment.25.He is such a great man that all of us show our respect _________ him.26..If you’re serious ________becoming a success，you must work hard.27..The teacher who is strict_______ her students is also strict _______her work.28..__________(strict) speaking，your opinion isn’t the same with mine.29.Your answer is ________(complete) wrong. If you don’t understand this question，30.As soon as I had made the final decision，I felt a lot more __________(relax).二、短语句型 （请根据汉语提示完成下列英文句子，共 30 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 30 分。）1. I am greatly assured that the grand lantern festival parade will ______________(一定) impress you.2. As a student, you are supposed to ______________(摆脱/放弃) the bad habits of smoking and drinking.3. The global financial crisis ______________(爆发) in 2008, which caused serious economic slide and increased job loss.4. It is reported that scientists ______________(已经取得了重大突破) in the treatment of the disease.5. As a Senior 3 student, the great pressure from study made me nearly ______________(喘不过气来).6. ______________(简而言之), with willingness to share our opinions, we can skillfully handle the relationship with parents.7. The way ______________(我们被抚养长大), and our cultural background, will very much influence how we feel about expressing anger.8. The more she thought, the worse she felt, until finally she ______________(突然哭起来).9. I would rather fail in the examination than attempt to get high marks ______________(通过作弊的手段).10. These are my private affairs; they are ______________(不管你的事).11. I think society ______________(需要) heroes. Fighting against crimes is not just the job of the police. It is the duty of every citizen.12. When you are nervous in an examination, it is a good choice to ______________( 深 呼 吸 ) and ______________(镇定下来), and then carry on with the paper.13. With the work done, the students ______________( 竖 起 ) several boards to remind the visitors to ______________(照料) the flowers and trees.14. Recently we have ______________(进行了) a survey — “To whom do you go when in trouble?” The results are ______________(如下). 15.The little girl ______________(几乎被噎死) on a fish bone, but luckily she was saved in time by a doctor.16. As a proverb goes, ______________(说话要谨慎) and be careful with behavior.17. As we all know, she is a stubborn girl, so I probably won’t have any chance to ______________(改变她的主意).18. If I was ______________(主管/负责) a school, I would also be very strict with students who don’t behave well.19. According to schedule, all the passengers must ______________(登记/报到) at the airport an hour before the plane leaves.20. ______________(振作起来)! Victory is just round the corner.21. Interestingly, about 20% of the students who find it difficult to ______________(做出选择) prefer to follow the advice offered by their parents.22.__________________ he came late was________ he didn't catch the early bus.他迟到的原因是他没有赶上早班车。23.I'm ___________________ the day when Tai Wan returns to China.我期待着太晚回归祖国的那一天。24.He sat by the fire, _________________.他坐在火旁，读着一本小说。25.My dream ________________ at last.我的梦想最终实现了。26.____________________________ we meet again.不久之后我们就会再次见面的。27.The English play ___________my students acted at the New Year’s party was a great success.新年聚会上，学生表演的这部英语剧非常成功。28. I worked in a business where almost everyone is ________________________________.我在一家几乎人人都在等好机会的企业里工作。29. He kept looking at her,____________ whether he had seen her somewhere.他一直看着她，想知道他是否在某个地方见过她。30.____________________for Beijing that the 2008 Olympic Games will be held in Beijing.2008 年奥运会将在北京举行对北京来说是一个很大的荣誉。四：写作练习（请根据汉语提示完成下列英文句子，共 10 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 10 分。）1.我真诚地写这封信是想请你帮我一个忙，我们根据教科书改编了一个剧本。【2020 全国卷Ⅲ书面表达】I am writing ___________________ regarding a play we adapted according to the textbook. 2.我们想把你们的文化和我们的文化结合起来，把经典小说《汽船》改编成一部短剧。【2020 全国卷Ⅲ书面表达】We’d like to _________________ by adapting the classic novel The Steamboat for a short English play. 3.这出戏的背景是午夜过后的一场大风暴，在木筏上顺流而下航行，我们看到一艘汽船即将沉没。The play _________________after midnight, on the raft down the river navigation, we see a steamboat _________________________.4. 我们救了一个害怕的男孩。【2020 全国卷Ⅲ书面表达】_____________________________________________. 5.到达时，我们看到红熟的桃子挂在树上。【2020 全国卷Ⅱ书面表达】____________, we saw red ripe peaches ______________________________.6.我们先用篮子和梯子挑选颜色最漂亮的，然后再挑选成熟柔软的。【2020 全国卷Ⅱ书面表达】_____________________, We first picked the ones that were most beautiful in color, then those _______________________.7.我迫不及待地想咬一口，甜汁顺着喉咙流了下去。【2020 全国卷Ⅱ书面表达】I couldn’t __________________________________, and the sweet juice went down my throat.8.我很感激有这个机会亲近大自然。【2020 全国卷Ⅱ书面表达】I _______________ this opportunity to _________________________.9.我不仅可以体验水果采摘，还可以尽情享受甜食！【2020 全国卷Ⅱ书面表达】___________________ be able to experience fruit picking, __________I could also feast on the sweetness!10.为了提高学生的身体素质，我们学校发起了 5 公里越野赛，上周日比赛圆满结束。【2020 新高考山东卷书面表达】___________________________________________, our school launched the 5-kilometer cross-country race, which finished successfully last Sunday.2021 年高考英语核心词汇专项突破之名词（第二课时）参考答案一：单词拼写1. challenges 2. chemicals 3. choice 4. childhood 5. character 6. brands 7. campaign 8. branches 9. calculations 10 cancer 11. cash 12. catalogue 13.catastrophe 14 certificates 15 champion 16. channel 17. chaos 18. chapter 19. chart 20. cheek 21. chopsticks 22. counter 23. courage ; competition\ contest 24. condition 25. conclusion 26. contributions 27. communication 28.customers 29 couple 30 climate 二：单句填空1. Confronted; bravery 2. calmly; breath 3. what; them; to taste 4. a; about 5. broaden; deepen 6. burnt; swollen 7. in; going 8. emphasize; with 9. were told; but 10. to admit 11. Based; by 12. challenging 13. It; society 14. It; of 15. in 16. casually 17. in 18. a; of 19. cautious 20. with 21 on 22. to\ into 23 being seen 24 bringing 25 for 26. about 27 with ;in 28 Strictly 29 completely 30 .relaxed 三：短语句型1. be bound to 2. break away from 3. broke out 4. have made a major breakthrough 5. out of breath 6. In brief/short 7. we are brought up 8. burst into tears 9. by means of cheating 10. none of your business 11. calls for 12. take a deep breath; calm down 13. set up; take care of 14. carried out; as follows 15. was almost choked to death 16. be cautious about speech 17. change her mind 18. in charge of 19. check in 20. Cheer up 21. make a choice 22. The reason;why; that 23. looking forward to 24. reading a novel 25. came true\ was achieved 26 It will not long before 27 . in which\ where 28. waiting for a great chance 29 wondering 30 It is a great honor四：写作练习1. sincerely to ask you a favour 2. combine your culture with ours 3. is set on a big storm ; that is going to sink 4. We saved a sacred boy. 5. When arriving; hanging on the tree 6. Using baskets and ladders; that were ripe and soft 7. couldn’t wait to take a bite 8. was grateful for; get close to nature. 9. Not only would I ; but also 10. With the purpose of improving students’ fitness\ To improve students’ fitness.