2020-2021 年高考英语核心词汇专项突破 4：形容词副词（1）一、单词拼写 （根据语境写出单词的正确形式，共 30 小题，每空 1 分，共计 30 分）1. Most Chinese are not _________(习惯的) to this and they may get either uninterested or embarrassed.2.What upset me most was that my mother was _________(缺席的) from the first parents meeting in Senior 3 because of my poor scores.3. But at the same time, a few of the young guys can not refuse the temptation (诱惑) and become _________(上瘾的) to computer games.4. Earth Hour first began in Sydney in 2007 and after that, it spread around the world at an _________(令人惊讶的) speed.5. The Great Wall is one of the Seven Wonders of the World and a symbol of the _________(古代的) Chinese civilization.6. An _________(合适的) occupation makes a man work with enthusiasm as well as contribute to his country.7. The student had been hospitalized once last year for _________（不正常的；反常的） behavior. 8. This may sound _________（抽象的）, so let’s have a look at an actual example. 9. In their opinion, the new school rule sounds _________（荒谬的） It can’t really prevent boys and girls falling in love with each other. 10. As for English learners, reading newspapers in English enables us to acquire _________ （ 丰 富 的 ） knowledge of history and culture as well as a large vocabulary. 11. He is respected as a very _________（有进取心的） and competitive salesman. 12. The reason why some people are _________（过敏的） to beer is so complicated that no medicine can cure it so far. 13. Most of the __________(业余的)teams were eliminated (淘汰) from the competition in the first round. 14. The teacher’s answer seemed to be quite______(模棱两可的） so that most of the classmates failed to understand it. 15. His report of the event was ________（精准的） in every detail. 16. But every coin has two sides. The negative aspects are also ___________（明显的）. 17. What he said was ___________(令人惊讶的) and everybody present was astonished by his words.18. As a senior 3 student, he is well ___________(知道的) that his major task is to study hard so that he can repay his parents in the future.19. A large number of visitors are attracted by the ___________ (美丽的) natural scenery.20. He finds it ___________(有益的) to spend half an hour reading English newspapers every day.21. He added some sugar to the black coffee so that it didn’t taste so ___________(苦的). 22. I wonder whether the baby is ___________(醒着的) or asleep in the bedroom at the moment.23. There are ___________（大约 3000 students in my school, but I’m not sure about the exact number. 24. This is an____________（自动的） door. It closes by itself. 25. Faced with the teacher sitting in front of me, suddenly my mind went ________（空白的）and I couldn’t remember anything.26. On behalf of our group, I’d like to give a _________(简洁的 ) summary of our discussion on the topic “Is Recycling Textbook a Good suggestion?”27. If there is a crisis (危机), we are supposed to remain _________(镇定的), ensure we are safe and then call for help.28. He is a _________(谨慎的) person, so whatever he does, he is not only discreet (慎重的) but careful as well.29. I was really surprised to hear the news that such a _________（杰出的 star as Michael Phelps should take drugs! 30. Don’t be too _________（随意的)at work because work is supposed to be taken seriously.二、单句填空（根据语境在横线处填入一个适当的词或用所给词的正确形式填空，共 30 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 30 分。）1. She is so _________ (attract) that a large number of young men are crazy about her.2. I paid a visit to many tourist _________ (attract) in Bejing this summer holiday, which greatly enriches my knowledge.3. To avoid _________ (scold) by his mother, the boy didn’t tell her the truth. 4. We should raise the _________ (aware) of protecting the environment so that we can make our earth a better place to live. 5. If you don’t have a _________ (balance) diet, you’re likely to fall ill owing to a lack of nutrition. 6. Every day the street is lined with beggars, begging passers-by _________ money and food. 7. You ought to behave _________ in public, or you may annoy the people around you.8. At first, I fell far behind, but I ran faster and it was not long _________ I caught up with them.9. He is the _________ (bad) student I’ve ever met because not only does he do terribly in his studies but he behaves _________ (bad).10. Everybody was _____________ (astonish) by the _________ (astonish) news .11. The fact that he often falls ill is associated _________ his taking drugs.12. I’m terribly sorry, but the manager is at an important meeting. He is _________ (avail).13. To our great _________ (astonish), he left the party without telling anyone. 14. The film which we saw the other day is based _________ a true story.15. Different people have different attitudes _________ banning smoking in public. 16. Tired _________ I am, never shall I sleep in class. 17. The lecture will be held between 9 a.m. _________ 11 a.m. on Saturday. 18. On his _________ (arrive), we all gave him a warm welcome and presented him with flowers.19. When he has trouble learning English, she will assist him _________ it.20. Having a balanced diet and doing sports regularly are beneficial _________ our health.21. Now that you’ve been aware _________ your mistakes, let’s forgive and forget.22. The poor old man _________ (bite) by a poisonous snake just now and was treated in no time. 23. She is totally _______ (bore) with the _______ (bore) job and is considering changing it.24. The experiments of the researchers are on the _________ (base) of a series of facts.25. The teacher blamed him severely _________ being late for school. 26．(2018·全国卷Ⅲ)We both became (absorb) in the simplicity of playing together.27．As we all know, there is an (abundance) supply of fresh water in Canada.28．He was in the war, so he was to do some work. However, he didn’t allow his to prevent him from doing a job because he took a positive working attitude and had a strong communication .(able)29 ． While making the plan, you should pay more attention to the . You must measure the length in order to get the number (accurate) .30． I hold the firm belief that you are bound to your dream of being admitted to a key university, which will give you a wonderful sense of (achieve) .三、短语句型 （请根据汉语提示完成下列英文句子，共 30 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 30 分。）1. He always __________________ (留意/专注于) his teachers in class and takes notes carefully.2. When I got home, I found that my wife and son ____________________ (睡着了).3. The road was so wet and slippery that the old man __________________ (失去平衡) and fell over. 4. Jack ____________________ (在洗澡) when I knocked at the door.5. My mother is good at __________________ (与……讨价还价) the sellers over the prices.6. I’ ll attend a conference _________________ (代表) the manager of our company this weekend.7. You should _______________ (信任) Mike, who is capable of solving all sorts of problems.8. The happiness of marriage should be _________________( 以 …… 为 基 础 ) respect, confidence and understanding. 9. We _________________ (尝试) to solve the tough problem in different ways, but in vain. 10. The little boy is so ______________ (依恋) his mother that he’ll burst into tears when she is out of sight.11. He is so ______________ (为……感到惭愧) himself for not being able to do me a favor and help me out at that time. 12. The food has ______________ (已变质). You’d better not eat it, or you’re likely to fall ill.13. You won’t make great progress in your study unless you change your ______________ (对……的态度) it.14. He was ______________ (被逮捕) for murdering as well as taking drugs.15. The magazine you are reading actually ______________ (属于) me. 16. Julia was about to ______________ (付款) when it suddenly occurred to her that she had left her purse at home. 17. My deskmate ______________ (受益于) the good habit of keeping an English diary since he was a primary pupil.18. In the past, Sam ______________ (落后于) his fellow students in his study due to laziness, but now he has made up his mind to catch up with them. 19. ______________ (牢记) whatever we do, safety must be placed in the first place.20. So annoyed was Bruce that he ______________ (保持清醒) the whole night. 21. They ______________ (到达) the airport in a hurry only to find that the flight had taken off. 22. So attractive was the novel that I read it ______________ (从头到尾). 23. Please fill in the blanks and sign your name ______________ (在底部) the form.24. ______________ (出生于) a poor family, Charles Dickens received very little schooling.25. The candles ______________ (被吹灭) by the strong wind and the whole house was in darkness.26．(2017·全国卷Ⅲ) (缺少) wolves, coyote (丛林狼) populations also grew quickly.27．Mary was so (专心于)her book that she didn’t even notice me come in.[来28．I (习惯于) getting up early and taking an hour’s walk before breakfast.29．If sometimes we don’t (同意；赞同) our parents, we should try to put ourselves in their shoes and we will soon understand them.30． (被指控) acting dishonestly in her business, she was in low spirits.四：写作练习（请根据汉语提示完成下列英文句子，共 10 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 10 分。）1.他挣了很多钱。然后，他想自立。【2020 新高考卷Ⅰ（读后续写）】He _______________________________. Then, he wanted ______________________________. 2.因此，他请梅雷迪思太太教他怎么做爆米花。【2020 新高考卷Ⅰ（读后续写）】Therefore, he asked Mrs. Meredith _____________________________________________________. 3.之后，他不仅卖爆米花，还往爆米花里加了奶油和盐，让爆米花味道更好。【2020 新高考卷Ⅰ（读后续写）】After that, ______________________ sell popcorn, _________________cream and salt to the popcorn to make it taste better. 4.伯纳德长大后成了一个了不起的人。【2020 新高考卷Ⅰ（读后续写）】Bernard grew up_______________________________________. 5.他没有忘记梅雷迪思家人的帮助，他也尽力帮助那些需要帮助的人。【2020 新高考卷Ⅰ（读后续写）】He did not forget the help of Meredith’s family, and he also ____________________________________.6.我写信向您介绍我校 6 月 8 日组织的下列成人仪式活动。I am writing to you to introduce the following adult ceremony activities _______________________.7.成人礼通常在 18 岁时举行，象征着向成年迈进。The coming-of-age ceremony ,usually at the age of 18 for boys and girls ,_______________________________________________.8.作为一个新一代的青少年，我必须要有学习的动力，成长为一个对国家对社会有用的人。As a new generation of teenagers, I _________________________________, growing up to become a useful person for the country to society.9.我们跪在地上对父母的养育表示感谢。We knelt on our knees/kneel on the ground to ______________________________________________.10.礼仪是为了让我们懂得成熟和责任感。Rite is designed to make us understand_______________________________________________.2021 年高考英语核心词汇专项突破之形容词与副词（第四课时） 参考答案一：单词拼写1. accustomed; 2 absent; 3. addicted; 4 amazing; \ surprising\ astonishing 5 ancient; 6 appropriate\ proper 7. abnormal; 8. abstract; 9. absurd; 10 abundant; 11. aggressive;12. allergic 13. amateur 14. ambiguous; 15. accurate; 16. apparent\ obvious 17. amazing; surprising; astonishing; 18 aware; 19 beautiful 20. beneficial 21 bitter; 22. awake 23. approximately \ about \ around 24. automatic 25 blank 26. brief 27. calm 28. cautious 29. brilliant\ outstanding 30. casual 二：单句填空1.attractive 2. attractions 3. being scolded 4. awareness 5. balanced 6. for 7. yourself 8. before 9. worst; badly 10. astonished ; astonishing 11. with 12. unavailable 13. astonishment 14. on 15. towards 16. as 17. and 18. arrival 19. with 20. to 21. of 22. was bitten 23. bored; boring 24. basis 25. for26.absorbed 27.abundant 28. disabled;unable;disability; ability29.accuracy; accurately; accurate 30.achieve; achievement三：短语句型1. pays attention to 2. had fallen asleep 3. lost his balance 4. was bathing / was taking a bath 5. bargaining with 6. on behalf of 7. believe in 8. based on/ on the basis of 9. attempted / tried 10. attached to 11. ashamed of 12. has gone bad 13. attitude to / towards 14. arrested / under arrest 15. belongs to 16. pay the bill 17. has benefited from 18. fell behind 19. Bear in mind 20. stayed awake 21. arrived at 22. from beginning to end 23. at the bottom of 24. Born into 25. were blown out 26. In the absence of 27.absorbed in 28.am accustomed/used to 29.agree with 30.Accused of/Charged with四：写作练习1. earned a lot of money; to be self-dependent 2. to teach him how to make popcorn 3. not only did he ; but also added 4. to be a remarkable man 5. did what he could to help those in need 6. organized by our school on June 8. 7. Symbolizes the march towards adulthood 8. must be motivated to study hard 9. express our gratitude to our parents for their upbringing 10. maturity and sense of responsibility.