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2020-2021年高考英语核心词汇专项突破6:形容词副词(3)

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时间:2020-11-09

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2020-2021 年高考英语核心词汇专项突破 6:形容词副词(3)一、单词拼写 (根据语境写出单词的正确形式,共 30 小题,每空 1 分,共计 30 分)1. Most Chinese are not _________(习惯的) to this and they may get either uninterested or embarrassed.2.What upset me most was that my mother was _________(缺席的) from the first parents meeting in Senior 3 because of my poor scores.3. But at the same time, a few of the young guys can not refuse the temptation (诱惑) and become _________(上瘾的) to computer games.4. Earth Hour first began in Sydney in 2007 and after that, it spread around the world at an _________(令人惊讶的) speed.5. The Great Wall is one of the Seven Wonders of the World and a symbol of the _________(古代的) Chinese civilization.6. An _________(合适的) occupation makes a man work with enthusiasm as well as contribute to his country.7. The student had been hospitalized once last year for _________(不正常的;反常的) behavior. 8. This may sound _________(抽象的), so let’s have a look at an actual example. 9. In their opinion, the new school rule sounds _________(荒谬的) It can’t really prevent boys and girls falling in love with each other. 10. As for English learners, reading newspapers in English enables us to acquire _________ ( 丰 富 的 ) knowledge of history and culture as well as a large vocabulary. 11. He is respected as a very _________(有进取心的) and competitive salesman. 12. The reason why some people are _________(过敏的) to beer is so complicated that no medicine can cure it so far. 13. Most of the __________(业余的)teams were eliminated (淘汰) from the competition in the first round. 14. The teacher’s answer seemed to be quite______(模棱两可的) so that most of the classmates failed to understand it. 15. His report of the event was ________(精准的) in every detail. 16. But every coin has two sides. The negative aspects are also ___________(明显的). 17. What he said was ___________(令人惊讶的) and everybody present was astonished by his words.18. As a senior 3 student, he is well ___________(知道的) that his major task is to study hard so that he can repay his parents in the future.19. It rained, and the ________(潮湿的) wood didn’t burn well.20. I am much __________(高兴) to be here and to give you a talk. 21. A ________(失望的) look came into his face when he failed to pass the test.22. The window is so _________(满是灰尘的) that I can’t see outside clearly.23. I made a mistake, and I felt a bit _________(尴尬). 24. Only after I have been learning English for 10 years can I speak (流利的) English.25. Though ________ (昂贵的), study tours, I think, are worthwhile.26. As is known to all, Charlie Chaplin is a world (著名的) funny actor.27. It is a virtue to forgive and forget, ________ (特别/尤其) in such a competitive and stressful society.28. Martin Luther King encouraged black people to achieve their goals of ________(平等的) treatment.29. I ________ (坚定地) believe that united, we are strong; divided, we are weak.30. The storm was so _________(猛烈的) that it caused a lot of damage.二、词义猜测 请根据句意选出与下列句子中划线单词或短语意思相同或相近的选项。共 30 小题,每小题 1分,满分 30 分。1. We all wonder how you always look so young and beautiful and elegant! A. 优雅的 B. 朴素的 C. 粗糙的 D. 脆弱的2. She is on the decline, and may die soon.A. 掉下 B. 下降 C. 减少 D. 衰退3. He deposits a sum of money in the bank each month for his old age.A. 储存 B. 放下 C. 沉淀 D. 寄存4. When he came back after the war, he found the villages had been deserted.A. 沙漠化 B. 荒无人烟 C. 擅离职守 D. 丧失5. It took me some time to digest what I had heard. Although it was hard to believe, I finally accepted it.A. 消化 B. 理解 C. 摘要 D. 忘记6. The bad weather put us in a dilemma, give up or go on?A. 进退两难 B. 动弹不得 C. 无法适应 D. 左右逢源7. If you want to apply for the position, a diploma in this field is a must.A. 背景 B. 文凭 C. 人脉 D. 经验8. We should not have racial discrimination, because the whole world is a big family.A. 分别 B. 批评 C. 鉴赏 D. 歧视9. I was tired of his speech, which was long, tedious and disgusting.A. 令人着迷的 B. 引起共鸣的 C. 让人害怕的 D. 叫人反感的10. There is a fine distinction between the two words, which is easy to be neglected.A. 联系 B. 相同 C. 区别 D. 分离11. Her interests are very diverse, from reading to traveling, from literature to politics.A. 沉闷无趣的 B. 非常有趣的 C. 单一无聊的 D. 多种多样的12. While traveling in America, he lost his passport, so he went to the embassy for help. A. 学生会 B. 华人组织 C. 大使馆 D. 联盟13. The university received over 300 enquiries from students and the teachers answered the questions patiently.A. 礼物 B. 询问 C. 质疑 D. 投诉14. The principle decided to enlarge the school so that they can accept more students.A. 扩大 B. 延长 C. 增加 D. 减少15. It is a large expense for a family to offer their children to study abroad. In fact, not every family can afford it.A. 代价 B. 消耗 C. 费用 D. 损失16. Don’t lose your faith. Be confident of yourself.A. 骄傲 B.自信 C. 勇敢 D. 激情17. Finance for our school partly comes from donation. Thanks to the people who donate money to us.A. 设施 B. 场地 C. 资源 D. 资金18. The government will exploit the advantages of the local culture and natural resources in order to develop tourism. Only when we make good use of them can we develop our local tourism.A. 探索 B. 剥削 C. 利用 D. 揭露19. It’s not easy to search for oil, but we will try our best to explore it.A. 爆炸 B. 探险 C. 利用 D. 勘探20. A Paris court found Tom guilty of using a false passport to be able to play in Europe.A. 错误的 B. 假的 C. 陌生的 D. 损坏的21.She continued deliberately to throw the books upon the floor in order to make her teacher mad. A. 耐心地 B. 不断地 C. 故意地 D. 拼命地22. The weather is really fantastic. Let’s go for a picnic.A. 喜爱的 B. 悦目的 C. 很棒的 D. 精致的23. Zheng He’s expedition was half a century earlier than those of the European navigators (航海家).A. 远征 B. 发现 C. 剥削 D. 发明24. The weather forecast said there would be rainy tomorrow.A. 传说 B. 分析 C. 谣言 D. 预报25. He is a fan of hotpot. He is always enthusiastic about hosting hotpot feasts. A. 热衷的 B. 好奇的 C. 厌恶的 D. 精力旺盛的26. Whole chains of the ecology were being destroyed, and the natural disasters began to happen. A. 生物 B. 生态学 C. 生态组织 D. 生态专家27. It is universally acknowledged that a dynamic government is necessary to meet the demands of a changing society.A. 有活力的 B. 不作为的 C. 运转的 D. 和平的 28. He has had some disturbing experience, which occasionally wakes him up with fear.A. 新奇刺激的 B. 有趣难忘的 C. 令人不安的 D. 令人厌烦的29. That is a very interesting claim, but can you document it? A. 签署文件 B. 保存档案 C. 用证件证明 D. 公文措辞30. Illness is a great drawback to a learner, because learners with illness always ask for a leave.A. 优势 B. 障碍 C. 鼓励 D. 退款三、短语句型 (请根据汉语提示完成下列英文句子,共 30 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 30 分。)1. He always __________________ (留意/专注于) his teachers in class and takes notes carefully.2. When I got home, I found that my wife and son ____________________ (睡着了).3. The road was so wet and slippery that the old man __________________ (失去平衡) and fell over. 4. Jack ____________________ (在洗澡) when I knocked at the door.5. My mother is good at __________________ (与……讨价还价) the sellers over the prices.6. I’ll attend a conference _________________ (代表) the manager of our company this weekend.7. You should _______________ (信任) Mike, who is capable of solving all sorts of problems.8. The happiness of marriage should be _________________( 以 …… 为 基 础 ) respect, confidence and understanding. 9. We _________________ (尝试) to solve the tough problem in different ways, but in vain. 10. The little boy is so ______________ (依恋) his mother that he’ll burst into tears when she is out of sight.11. He is so ______________ (为……感到惭愧) himself for not being able to do me a favor and help me out at that time. 12. The food has ______________ (已变质). You’d better not eat it, or you’re likely to fall ill.13. You won’t make great progress in your study unless you change your ______________ (对……的态度) it.14. He was ______________ (被逮捕) for murdering as well as taking drugs.15. The magazine you are reading actually ______________ (属于) me. 16. Julia was about to ______________ (付款) when it suddenly occurred to her that she had left her purse at home. 17. My deskmate ______________ (受益于) the good habit of keeping an English diary since he was a primary pupil.18. In the past, Sam ______________ (落后于) his fellow students in his study due to laziness, but now he has made up his mind to catch up with them. 19. ______________ (牢记) whatever we do, safety must be placed in the first place.20. So annoyed was Bruce that he ______________ (保持清醒) the whole night. 21. They ______________ (到达) the airport in a hurry only to find that the flight had taken off. 22. So attractive was the novel that I read it ______________ (从头到尾). 23. Please fill in the blanks and sign your name ______________ (在底部) the form.24. ______________ (出生于) a poor family, Charles Dickens received very little schooling.25. The candles ______________ (被吹灭) by the strong wind and the whole house was in darkness.26. I am sure that Laura’s latest play , once staged, will prove___________________.我确信劳拉最新的戏剧一旦在舞台上演,将会是巨大的成功。27. I don’t mind picking up your things from the store. Besides, the walk will ___________________ .我不介意去商店取你的东西,而且,走路对我有好处。28. People may have different opinions about Mary, but I________. _______, she is a great musician.人们对于玛丽可能有不同的看法,但是我欣赏她。毕竟,她是一个伟大的音乐家。29. I want to know whether the thief ____________________.我想知道这个贼是否在现场被抓住了。30. Our club ___________________. It seems that your children have entered _____________________.我们的俱乐部仅仅对成年人开放。似乎你的孩子未经许可就进去了。四:写作练习(请根据汉语提示完成下列英文句子,共 10 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 10 分。)1. 当我知道我们很可能得救时,我的心高兴地跳了起来。【2020 高考浙江 7 月读后续写】My heart leaped with joy as I knew we _______________________________.2.当我们爬上绳梯时,埃利祈祷了上千遍,以表达对平安无恙的感激之情。【2020 高考浙江 7 月读后续写】As we were climbing the rope ladder, Elli prayed thousand times ______________________________________.3.中央电视台 9 日播出了 BBC 制作的纪录片《杜甫:中国最伟大的诗人》。【2020 高考江苏卷书面表达】CCTV 9 broadcast Du Fu: China's Greatest Poet, __________________________________________________.4. 这部制作精良的电影为外国观众提供了一种了解中国过去和现在的全新方式。【2020 高考江苏卷书面表达】This well-made film ___________________________a fresh way of better knowing China's past and present.5. 在中国或其他国家制作的关于中国的纪录片在外国人中越来越受欢迎。【2020 高考江苏卷书面表达】Documentaries about China, produced either in China or in other countries, are __________________________.6. 一方面,过去几十年的总体发展是如此惊人,以至于他们急于熟悉中国的情况。【2020 高考江苏卷书面表达】For one thing, ____________________________________________________________ that they feel eager to familiarize themselves with what is going on in China.7. 另一方面,中国有着悠久的历史和丰富的文化。【2020 高考江苏卷书面表达】For another, China _____________________________________________________________.8. 对于那些热衷于任何中国东西的人来说,这一直是一个吸引人的地方。【2020 高考江苏卷书面表达】It has always been an attraction for _______________________________________________________.9. 这些纪录片在观众面前展现了一幅精彩的中国画卷——历史、山水、艺术、美食,甚至中医药。【2020高考江苏卷书面表达】These documentaries __________________________________________________________ — its history, landscape, art, food, or even traditional Chinese medicine.10. 因为这些电影,一些外国人开始考虑来中国。【2020 高考江苏卷书面表达】Because of these films, some foreigners have _____________________________________________________2021 年高考英语核心词汇专项突破之形容词与副词(第六课时)参考答案一:单词拼写1. accustomed; 2 absent; 3. addicted; 4 amazing; \ surprising\ astonishing 5 ancient; 6 appropriate\ proper 7. abnormal; 8. abstract; 9. absurd; 10 abundant; 11. aggressive;12. allergic 13. amateur 14. ambiguous; 15. accurate; 16. apparent\ obvious 17. amazing; surprising; astonishing; 18 aware; 19. damp 20. delighted\ pleased 21. disappointed 22. dusty 23. embarrassed 24. fluent 25 expensive 26 famous 27 particularly 28. equal 29 firmly 30 fierce 二:词义猜测1---5 ADDBB 6---10 ABDDC 11---15 DCBAC 16---20 BDCDB 21---25 CCADA 26---30 BACCB 三:短语句型1. pays attention to 2. had fallen asleep 3. lost his balance 4. was bathing / was taking a bath 5. bargaining with 6. on behalf of 7. believe in 8. based on/ on the basis of 9. attempted / tried 10. attached to 11. ashamed of 12. has gone bad 13. attitude to / towards 14. arrested / under arrest 15. belongs to 16. pay the bill 17. has benefited from 18. fell behind 19. Bear in mind 20. stayed awake 21. arrived at 22. from beginning to end 23. at the bottom of 24. Born into 25. were blown out 26.a great success 27. do me good \ be beneficial to me 28. admire her; After all 29 was caught on the spot 30 is open to adults only; without permission 四:写作练习1. were likely to be saved2. to show thankfulness of being safe and sound.3. a documentary produced by BBC4. provides foreign audiences with 5.becoming increasingly popular among foreigners.6.the overall development over the past decades has been so amazing7.enjoys \ has a long history and rich culture8.those who are keen on anything that is Chinese9. present a splendid picture of China in front of their audiences 10.begun to consider coming to China

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