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2020-2021年高考英语核心词汇专项突破7:动词(1)

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时间:2020-11-09

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2020-2021 年高考英语核心词汇专项突破 7:动词(1)一、单词拼写 (根据语境写出单词的正确形式,共 30 小题,每空 1 分,共计 30 分)1. I wish that sports day could be _________(放弃) and replaced with some other less competitive event. 2. Recently we have had a discussion about whether parents should _________(陪伴) their children in their study.3. Some people prefer wealth, holding that money can do everything. In order to _________(累积 /积攒 ) more money they can do anything.4. It is universally _________(承认) that trees are indispensable to us human beings.5. Only in this way can we _________(使适应) ourselves to the society quickly after we graduate.6. Our school recently _________(宣布) it is planning to tear down the old library building.7. However, I should _________(道歉) to you because I cannot go there on time for the reasons as follows.8. I strongly _________(呼吁) to schools to return us the relaxing time by regulating and controlling the load of our homework.9. I am writing you a letter in order to _________(申请) for a position in your company.10. I would really _________(感激) it if you could give me some advice on how to learn English better. 11. Time seems to speed up as soon as the students step into their final and vital year. The college entrance examination is _________(临近/迫近) day by day.12. In my opinion, I do _________(同意/赞成) of this behavior in the following reasons.13. In my opinion, the examination should not be_________ (废除) , for the examination now plays a very important role in the course of education.14. People’s cutting down trees that can _________(吸收) large quantities of carbon dioxide for furniture also contributes to the warmth of the earth. 15. If the underdeveloped area wants to _________(加速) its economy, the municipal finance must give a full play to financial policy. 16. Since goals are so significant to our lives, it is worthwhile for us students to set up goals and_________(完成) them with every effort we can make. 17. It is reported that Fuxi Food Factory was _________(指控) of producing and selling expired (过期的) food.18. He is such a learned person that we all _________(钦佩;羡慕)him very much. 19. No one can deny the fact that different people _________(采用;采纳)different attitudes towards life. 20. I _________(提倡;拥护) that we should try our best to cut down pollution and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. 21. Or perhaps people who don’t sleep well receive too much information over the course of the day, _________(影响)their memory ability.22. I have an important meeting to ___________(参加/出席) tomorrow morning, so I have got to go to bed early.23. To tell you the truth, I can stand his ignorance, but I can’t ___________(忍受) his rudeness. 24. Every day in the streets stand many beggars in rags ___________ (乞求) passengers for money.25. My mother has an eye for bargains and she is good at ___________ (砍价) with sellers over the price.26. There is no need to ___________ (争辩) with him again because argument is of no use.27. Tom’s teacher ___________ (责备) him for being late this morning, but in fact he didn’t do that on purpose.28. I am terribly sorry to ___________ (打扰) you, but I do have something important to tell you.29. The passer-by was ___________ (流血) badly and it was not long before he was sent to the nearest hospital for treatment.30. Don’t get too close to the dog. It may ___________ (攻击) you.二、单句填空(根据语境在横线处填入一个适当的词或用所给词的正确形式填空,共 30 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 30 分。)1. Safe driving takes the lives of other people into___________ (considerate).2. There has been a slight increase in the___________ (consume) of meat.3. Can you come at 10:30? I know it is _________ (convenience) for you, but I must see you.4. It may be difficult to do at first. Don’t let this___________ (courage) you.5. They will concentrate ___________teaching the basics of reading, writing and arithmetic.6. Children need ___________ (condition) love from their parents.7. I had seriously considered___________ (tell) the story from the point of view of the wives.8. I had always considered myself a strong and ___________ (competence) woman.9. To satisfy our own ___________ (curious) we traveled to Baltimore.10. These things belong to a different___________( classify).11. Forgive me. I shouldn’t be jumping to___________(conclude).12. Congratulations ___________your interesting article.13. I have been concerned ___________ you lately.14. It is no trouble at all; ___________ the contrary, it will be a great pleasure to help you.15. She has made___________ contribution to charity 16. If we have food and clothing, we will be content___________ that.17. Place them in a jam jar, porcelain bowl, or other similar___________ (contain). 18.The experience in Tibet_________(complete) changed her—she has devoted herself to helping the poor children since last year.19.My grandfather is as _________(energy)as a young man and hates sitting around doing nothing all day.20.We should owe our success to hard work rather than __________(intelligent).21.In this letter,I would like to convey my sincere __________(appreciate) to you for your assistance.22.The student (absorb) in the games on the smartphone during class did not notice his teacher behind him.23. (accompany) by a great number of people, the president walked into the building.24.He is widely (acknowledge) as the best player in the world.25.He has (acquire) a wide knowledge of his major from his work in the past few years.26.(2017·天津高考)She asked me whether I had returned the books to the library, and I ___________ (admit) that I hadn’t.27.All three teams (adopt) different approaches to the problem.28. Deeply (affect) by his story, many young people began to do volunteer work for the disabled.29.The Earth’s temperature is rising at an (alarm) rate.30.After the conflict,there was a growing ________(distant) between the two sides of the family.三、短语句型 (请根据汉语提示完成下列英文句子,共 30 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 30 分。)1. 他们来自完全不同的文化。They ______________________ totally different cultures. 2. 通过电脑科学的运用,革命已经发生。The revolution has ______________________, through the application of computer science.3. 他是我这一季遇到的最佳对手,一位很棒的选手。He is the best opponent I have _______________________ this season, a great player.4. 期末考临近,他们更加努力学习了。The final exams ______________________, so they study harder.5. 飞机失去控制,不停地旋转。The plane was spinning, ______________________.6. 有两家新饭店正在兴建。There are two new hotels ______________________.7. 显然,笑的能力是与生俱来的。______________________ the ability to smile is inborn.8. 我觉得此事难下结论。I find it difficult to ______________________ on that.9. 把猫淹死在河里是残忍的。______________________ drown the cat in the river. 10. 你什么时候方便就什么时候来。You can come any time you are ______________________. 11. 我和她同时到达纯属巧合。She and I both arrived at the same time ______________________.12. 学校之间不应该相互竞争。Schools should not ______________________ each other.13. 我满足于从山脚下观赏山景。I ______________________ admire the mountains from below.14. 人们常把孩子比喻成祖国的花朵。Children are often ______________________ flowers of a nation.15. 你自以为很聪明, 相反地, 我确信你很傻。You think you are clever; ______________________, I assure that you are very foolish. 16. 这些岛屿总面积为 625.6 平方公里。The islands ______________________ of 625.6 square kilometers.17. 一群记者正在砰砰地拍打着大门。______________________ reporters was hammering on the door. 18. 大使馆内的水电都被切断了。Light and water in embassy buildings ______________________. 19. 他和姐姐几乎没有什么共同之处。He had very little ______________________ his sister.20. _________ you’ve got a chance, you __________________make full use of it.既然你有机会,不妨好好利用它。21. ___________ only when I reread his poems recently _______I begin to appreciate their beauty.在我重读他诗歌的时候,我才开始领会它们的美。22. ______________________ in the newspapers, talks between the two countries are making progress.正如报纸上所报道的那样,两国之间的谈话正在取得进展。23. They_______________________________ that not all things can be done by a computer.他们得出结论,不是所有的事情都可以被计算机做。24. Smoking ____________________our health.吸烟对我们的健康造成很大的危害。25. _________________________ he realize his mistakes.仅仅那个时候他才意识到他的错误。26. Timmy_____________ a large sum of money by the judge for drunken driving.由于被判定酒驾,Timmy 被罚了一大笔钱。27. _______ he thought he was helping us with the work, he was actually ____________.尽管他认为是在帮我们,实际上是在碍事。28. Most hotels have websites where you can find ___________ your questions.大多数旅馆都有你可以找到你问题答案的网站。29. That most of languages _________________ and may disappear is a serious matter to the people.大多数语言受到威胁可能会消失,这对人们来说是件危急的事情。30. The fact that Great Britain___________________ three countries is still unknown to many people.很多人仍然不知道英国由三个国家组成。四:写作练习(请根据汉语提示完成下列英文句子,共 10 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 10 分。)1.我是李华,暑假期间从中国来的交换生。【2019 全国Ⅰ卷书面表达】I’m Li Hua, ______________________________________ during this summer vacation.2.我很高兴地得知,当地美术馆正在招募中国画展志愿者学生。【2019 全国Ⅰ卷书面表达】I’m _______________ that volunteer students are wanted for a Chinese painting exhibition ________________.3.现在,我想申请这个职位。理由如下:【2019 全国Ⅰ卷书面表达】Now I’m writing to _________________. The reasons for my application ___________________.4.因为从小接触过外籍教师,我可以自由地用英语与他人交流。【2019 全国Ⅰ卷书面表达】Having been exposed to foreign teachers since a young age, I can _____________________________________.5.多年的班长生涯使我成为一个出色的组织者,这将有助于保持展览的秩序。【2019 全国Ⅰ卷书面表达】Years of being monitor makes me a brilliant organizer, ______________________________________________.6.最重要的是我的相关知识无疑将帮助观众更多地了解中国独特的艺术形式。【2019 全国Ⅰ卷书面表达】_____________________ is that____________________ will undoubtedly help the audience learn more about the unique Chinese art form.7.总而言之,我的责任感会让我成为一名合格的志愿者。【2019 全国Ⅰ卷书面表达】All in all, my sense of responsibility will ________________________________________________________.8.如果你能考虑我的申请,我会很感激的。【2019 全国Ⅰ卷书面表达】__________________________________________________________________________________________.9.几周后有一场排球比赛,我们队将参加。【2019 全国 II 卷书面表达】A volleyball match_____________________________________________ and our team will participate.10.至于比赛的具体情况,可能会有几十支球队进行循环赛。【2019 全国 II 卷书面表达】___________________________________, there will be probably dozens of teams which are going to make a revolving competition.2021 年高考英语核心词汇专项突破之动词(第七课时)参考答案一:单词拼写1. abandoned; 2. accompany; 3. accumulate; 4. acknowledged; 5 adapt; 6,announced\ declared; 7. apologize; 8 appeal 9. apply; 10. appreciate 11. approaching 12. approve 13. abolished 14. absorb; 15. accelerate; 16. accomplish\ finish \ complete 17. accused 18. admire; 19. adopt 20 advocated; 21. affecting\influencing; 22attend; 23. stand\bear 24. begging; 25. bargaining; 26. argue 27. blamed; 28 disturb 29. bleeding 30 attack 二:单句填空1. consideration 2. consumption3. inconvenient 4.. discourage 5. on 6. unconditional 7. telling 8. competent 9. curiosity 10. classification 11. conclusions 12. on 13. about 14. on 15. a 16. with 17. containers18 completely 19 energetic 20. intelligence 21. appreciation 22.absorbed 23.Accompanied 24.acknowledged 25.acquired 26.admitted 27.adopted 28.affected 29.alarming 30. distance 三:短语句型1. come from 2. come about 3. come across 4. are around the corner 5. out of control 6. under construction 7. It is clear that 8. draw a conclusion 9. It is cruel to 10. at convenience 11. by coincidence 12. compete with 13. am content \satisfied to 14. compared to 15. on the contrary 16. cover a total area 17. A crowd of 18. were cut off 19. in common with 20 Now that; might as well 21. It was ; that 22. As is reported 23. came to the conclusion 24 does great harm to 25 Only then did 26 was fined 27 Although; in the way 28. answers to 29 are now threatened 30 is made up of \ consists of \ is composed of 四:写作练习1.an exchange student from China 2.delighted to learn;to be held in the local art gallery.3.apply for the position; are as follows4.communicate freely with others in English5.which will help a lot to keep the exhibition in order.6.The most important factor;my related knowledge 7.make me a qualified volunteer8.I’d appreciate it if you could take my application into consideration9. is going to be held in a few weeks10.As for the detailed information of the match

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