2020-2021 年高考英语核心词汇专项突破 8：动词（2）一、单词拼写 （根据语境写出单词的正确形式，共 30 小题，每空 1 分，共计 30 分）1. I ___________(弯腰) down to pick up my pen on the floor, only to find it broken into pieces.2. Before handing in your homework, you’d better check it to ___________ (避免) making silly mistakes.3. He ___________ (尝试) to open the door with the key, but in vain.4. To our comfort, the murderer who had been at large for twenty years was finally _________(逮捕 by the police. 5. At first, Jim was tense and nervous so that his heart was_________（跳动）violently but he calmed himself down soon. 6. True friends should never __________（背叛 each other. Instead, they are supposed to be faithful to one another all the time. 7. The road was ___________（阻挡；堵塞）by fallen trees and the traffic came to a complete stop. 8. The city was________（轰炸）by terrorists and it lay in ruins eventually.9. He always __________（联系） this song with his hometown which is far away. Whenever he listens to it, he’ll recall his hometown.10. He was _________（指派；任命）as captain of the English team, but he refused to accept the offer. 11. After struggling for years, my brother finally __________（得到；获得）a Master’s degree last month. 12. On hearing the thrilling news, the kids _________(蹦跳)up and down excitedly. 13. When people _________(呼吸) the polluted air or drink the polluted water, they may get ill.14. As far as I am concerned, the schools should take measures to reduce the heavy schoolwork _________(负担) of the students.15. Upon hearing the funny story, everybody _________(爆发) into laughter.16. Some students think that listening test should not be _________(取消).17. At the beginning of the year, a heavy snowstorm hit Hunan, Guizhou and several other provinces, _________(造成) a severe economic loss.18. In China, setting fireworks to _________(庆祝) the spring festival has a long history.19. Recently we had a discussion about whether an entrance fee should be _________(收费) for parks.20. It is known to us all that some students _________(作弊) in examinations at school.21. When the torch went by us, we all became so excited that we all _________(欢呼), shouted, and waved the national flags, having totally forgotten the hot weather.22. When we meet with difficulties in life, we notice that some of us choose to _________(埋) heads in the sand.23. He shouldn’t have _________（刹车）the car abruptly (突然地) on such an icy road. 24. It should be _________（广播；播放）on Saturday and Sunday afternoons so that we students can have the chance to watch it. 25. The little girl was almost _________(窒息） to death after breathing in much smoke. 26. Professor Li also pointed out that we must _________（咀嚼；嚼碎 ）our food well before swallowing it. 27. Those who are cruel to animals should be ___________(谴责).28. It took the great musician 3 years to ___________(完成) the composition.29. The road signs ___________(使迷惑) the driver so that he had to stop at the crossroad.30. As the survey shows, most people will ___________(控制) their anger before strangers.二、词义猜测 请根据句意选出与下列句子中划线单词意思相同或相近的选项。共 30 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 30 分。1. A Chinese billionaire has decided to donate his entire fortune to charity after his death, which means he will donate all his money to help others. A. 运气 B. 命运 C. 财产 D. 前途2. The sun faded the curtain, that is, the colour of the curtain became less bright.A. 逐渐消失 B. 衰退 C. 照耀 D. 使褪色3. He fastened the horse to a tree for fear that the horse would run away.A. 拴紧 B. 关紧 C. 盯紧 D. 使固定4. Fantasy can play an important role in achieving the things we fear. So, let your imagination run wild, and dare to dream.A. 喜爱 B. 爱好 C. 幻想 D. 预知5. We used to play the fireworks during celebrations, but now fireworks show only can be organized by the government.A. 炸弹 B. 烟花 C. 礼炮 D. 灯笼6. The foreman distributes the work every morning, but everyone wants to get the easy part.A. 分配 B. 完成 C. 监督 D. 催促7. We have been longing for the travel, and we are so excited to make our departure tomorrow morning. A. 计划 B. 启程 C. 日程 D. 改变8. The number of the death caused by the airplane crash reached 298, according to figures released by the government.A. 人物 B. 图形 C. 数据 D. 身型9. As the volcano erupted, the people fled quickly.A. 出现 B. 漂浮 C. 开发 D. 爆发10. They don’t float on the surface of the water but just below it. A. 游泳 B. 漂浮 C. 爆发 D. 出现11. I would choose a job with flexible time rather than choose one with fixed time.A. 有弹性的 B. 长时间的 C. 柔韧的 D. 易弯曲的12. Teachers should evaluate students according to their daily performance, but not just their test scores.A. 评价 B. 求……的值 C. 表扬 D. 批评13. Students are using delaying methods to postpone the homework again. A. 停止 B. 写完 C. 推迟 D. 上交14. He was a victim of racial prejudice. A. 歧视 B. 主义 C. 观点 D. 管理员15. The physician made a prescription against car-sickness for him.A. 治疗 B. 形式 C. 外观 D. 药方16. Primitive man hunted wild animals with crude stone tools. A. 聪明的 B. 不幸的 C. 原始的 D. 开明的17. Education should be a universal right and not a privilege.A. 大众 B. 个人 C. 先进 D. 特权18. To make all the things correct, there is some confusion about what the right procedure should be. A. 程序；过程 B. 结果 C. 原因 D. 开始19. She took part in a BBC radio phone-in programme. A. 节目 B. 频道 C. 机会 D. 方式20. When the rice isn’t cooked properly, it will taste awful. A. 熟地 B. 好地 C. 适当地 D. 可口地21. Nick finished his speech and walked down from the platform.A. 阶梯 B. 房顶 C. 讲台 D. 凳子22. It’s very cold at the South Pole and the North Pole. A. 杆子 B. 极；顶端 C. 方向 D. 位置23. We are aware of the potential problems and have taken every method to avoid them. A. 难解的 B. 潜在的 C. 无法避免的 D. 可怕的24. Each morning he shaved and polished his shoes to make himself look smarter. A. 穿上 B. 擦亮 C. 拿出 D. 美丽25. It’s convenient for us to take this portable plastic case when we go out. A. 明亮的 B. 美观的 C. 轻便的 D. 沉重的阅读词汇认知——写出划线词汇在语境中的意义26.There was a bit of me that didn’t want to love this when everyone else on the planet did，but the horror story is brilliant.(2019·全国卷Ⅱ阅读 A) （意思）_____________27.In the future，with advances in our ability to control biological age，we may have even fewer candles on our birthday cake than the previous one.(2019·天津 3 月卷阅读 C) （意思）_____________26. Essay Writing：An academic paper of 2，000 to 2，500 words.No illustrations are allowed.Please do not include covers.A list of references must be included.(2019·天津 6 月卷阅读 A) （意思）_____________29.Scientists have built an early-warning system based on mathematical models.(2019·天津 6 月卷阅读 C) （意思）_____________30.So if we send out a robot with the single instruction of fetching coffee，it will have a strong desire to secure success by disabling its own off switch or even killing anyone who might interfere with its task.(2017·北京卷阅读D) （意思）_____________三、短语句型 （请根据汉语提示完成下列英文句子，共 30 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 30 分。）1. 当我刚到美国深造学习时，我觉得很难适应。 When I first went to the USA for further study, ________________________.2. 我一直考试不及格。 I ________________________ all the time.3. 即使困难重重，我也应该坚持下去。 ________________________ there were many difficulties, I should insist on doing it.4. 频繁的接触英语能帮助我说一口流利的英语。 ________________________ will help me speak English fluently.5. 这也为我提供了独立生活和体验生活艰辛的机会. It provided me with a chance to live independently and ________________________ .6. 我渐渐熟悉美国的生活，并在学习上取得了很大的进步。 I ________________________ the life in the USA, and made rapid progress in study.7. 出国学习帮助我交了外国朋友，也丰富了人生经验。 Studying abroad helped me make foreign friends, and also ________________________.8. 难怪人们热衷于出国学习。 It is no wonder that people ________________________ studying abroad.9. 就我而言，我很高兴终于能实现自己的梦想。 As far as I am concerned, I feel delighted that my dream ________________________.10. 然而，出国留学也要面对很多困难，比如思乡病。 However, we ________________________ when we study abroad, feeling homesick, __________________.11. 应该采取有效措施，禁止人们在公共场所吸烟。 ______________________ should be taken to ______________________ in public places.12. 向初学者解释这个问题很难。 It was difficult to __________________________________________________.13. 她 30 岁左右——确切地说 32 岁。 She is in her thirties, thirty-two ________________________________________.14. 毫无疑问，他能胜任这工作。 There is no doubt that____________________________________________ the job.15. 只有少数人从燃烧着的公车上逃了出来。Only a few people managed to _____________________________________________.16. 邵逸夫先生为给富人们树立了榜样。 Shao Yifu ____________________________________________________ rich people17. 球迷们在世界杯期间总是关注自己支持的球队。 ________________________ they support during the World Cup match month.18. 广州一年轻人故意放火烧公车，导致许多人受伤。 A young man in Guangzhou set fire to a bus on purpose, ________________________.19. 他解释人类是如何形成的。 He explained how human beings _____________________________________________.20. 这个展览会值得一看。_______________________________________________________________________.21. 事实上，人们越来越重视教育了。 ________________________, more and more people ______________________________.22. 人们重视教育的原因如下。 The reason why people think highly of education can be listed ________________________.23. 他很优秀，很多同学妒忌他。 He is so excellent ________________________________________________________.24. 我们用新鲜的肉喂狗。____________________________________________________________________.25. You are saying that everyone should be equal, and this is_________________________________.你说每个人都应该是平等的，这也是我所同意的。26. A modern city has been set up in _______________________________________________________.一个现代城市被建在了十年前曾是荒地的地方。27. _______________________ was that more than 90% of the students __________________________.使这所学校自豪的是，超过 90％的学生进入了重点大学。28. _____________________________________________ and that’s what it takes to do anything well.坚持是一种品质，那是做好任何事情都需要的。29. That ____________________________________ may reflect the cultural differences from one aspect.时尚因国而异，从一个方面影响着文化差异。30.______________________________was why fewer and fewer students _______________ her lessons.她不能理解的是为什么越来越少的同学对她的课感兴趣。四：写作练习（请根据汉语提示完成下列英文句子，共 10 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 10 分。）1. 此外，不仅前三名的队伍可以各自获得奖牌，而且所有其他参加的队伍也将获得奖牌。【2019 年全国卷Ⅱ书面表达】_______________________________________ but all the other teams taking part in it will get a reward as well.2.最吸引人的是，排球前三强能够收到上面印有最受欢迎排球运动员名字的特殊排球，这将是一个巨大的荣誉。【2019 年全国卷Ⅱ书面表达】_________________________ is that it will be _________________ for the top three teams to receive special volleyballs that have the name of the most popular volleyball player on them.3.因此，我们必须在赛前做好充分的准备，比如尽可能多的训练。【2019 年全国卷Ⅱ书面表达】Therefore, ______________________________________________, such as training as frequently as we can.4. 我太兴奋了，等不及要加入了。【2019 年全国卷Ⅱ书面表达】(so---that----） _________________________________________________________________________________5.我们学校下周日上午将在学校礼堂举行音乐节。【2019 年全国卷Ⅲ书面表达】Our school will ______________________________________________________________________.6. 我写信邀请你加入我们。【2019 年全国卷Ⅲ书面表达】_________________________________________________________________________________7.开幕式上午 9 点开始，校长将致辞。【2019 年全国卷Ⅲ书面表达】_________________________________, and the schoolmaster_________________________________.8. 然后会有各种精彩的表演，由有才华的学生演奏。【2019 年全国卷Ⅲ书面表达】Then ________________________________________________________played by talented students.9.欢迎你们上台表演，为我们的节日增添色彩和乐趣。【2019 年全国卷Ⅲ书面表达】You are definitely welcome to show up on stage, _________________________________________.10.我很高兴你能来中国旅游。【2019 年北京卷书面表达】_________________________________________________________________________________. 2021 年高考英语核心词汇专项突破之动词（第八课时） 参考答案一：单词拼写1. bent 2. avoid 3 attempted 4 arrested ; 5 beating; 6 betray 7 blocked 8bombed 9. associated\ connected 10 appointed; 11 attained\ acquired \ obtained 12 bounced 13. breathe 14. burdens 15 burst 16. canceled 17.causing 18. celebrate 19. charged 20 cheat 21. cheered 22. bury 23. braked 24. broadcast 25. choked 27. chew 27.condemned \ blamed 28 accomplish\ finish 29 confused 30 control 二：词义猜测1---5 CDACB 6---10 ABCDB 11--15 AACAD 16---20 CDAAC 21---25 CBBBC 26. 精彩的 27. 以前的；从前的 28. 学术的 29. 系统 30. 指令 三：短语句型1.I found it difficult to fit in 2. failed in the exam 3. Even if 4. Being exposed to English frequently 5. experience the hardships of life 6. gradually got familiar with 7. enrich my life experience 8. are enthusiastic about 9. came true in the end 10. will face with many difficulties 11. Effective measures; forbid smoking 12. explain the problem to beginners 13. to be exact 14. he is equal to 15. escape from the burning bus 16. set a good example for 17. Football fans always focus on the teams 18. causing/which caused many people injured 19. came into existence 20. The exhibition is worth visiting. 21. As a matter of fact; attach importance to education 22. as follows 23. that a lot of classmates envy him 24. We feed our dogs on fresh meat. 25where I disagree26. what was a wasteland ten years ago 27.What made the school proud ;had been admitted to key universities28. Perseverance is a kind of quality 29.fashion differs from country to country 30..What she couldn’t understand;showed interest in四：写作练习1. Additionally, not only can the top three teams each be awarded a medal 2. What will be the most attractive ；a great honor3. we must do enough preparations before the match,4. So excited am I that I can’t wait to join in it.5. hold a music festival next Sunday morning in the school hall.6. And I’m writing to invite you to join us.7. The opening ceremony will start at 9:00 am ；will deliver a speech8. there will be various fantastic performances 9. which will add color and fun to our festival10.I’m pleased that you’re coming to tour in China..