2020-2021 年高考英语核心词汇专项突破 10：阶段性总结（1）一、单词拼写 （根据语境写出单词的正确形式，共 30 小题，每空 1 分，共计 30 分）1．Wang collected more than 7 million (被遗弃的；被抛弃的) bricks of different ages.2．Judging from his (口音), he must come from Shandong Province.3．Forgive me for having taken up so much of your time and (接受) my best wishes for your health and happiness.4．With the help of the subway network, traffic jams and road (事故) have been reduced, so it is convenient for people to travel.5．It took him a long time to (获得，学到) the skills he needed to become a good dancer.6．Many experts (提倡) rewarding children for their good behaviour.7． Besides, the books are sold at a much lower price than what the bookstore offer so that most of us can (负担得起) to buy some.8 ． His distinguished contribution to ( 农业 ) has brought him the title “Father of Super Hybrid Rice”．9．Children, when accompanied by their parents, are (允许) to enter the stadium.10．(2018·浙江高考)No one will ever know what mix of talent, (雄心，抱负), energy and luck made Dickens such a distinguished writer.[来11．(2018·全国卷Ⅰ)On every single move you have to (分析) a situation, process what your opponent (对手) is doing and evaluate the best move from among all your options.12．This is a well known story from an (古代的) Chinese idiom.13．His (生气；愤怒) would burst out when things didn’t go as he’d expected.14．With the 60th (周年纪念) of our school approaching, we are going to hold an exhibition on April 6th. [来源: ZXXK]15．I’m writing to tell you something about the (每年的)campus book fair which will be held soon in my school.16．It is (显而易见的) that he shows no interest in music.17．(2017·全国卷Ⅱ书面表达)In addition, there are famous (艺术家) who will perform how to cut paper on the spot.18 ． (2015· 全 国 卷 Ⅰ 书 面 表 达 )If you want to contribute to our newspaper, please send me your (文章) before the deadline.19．(2017·全国卷Ⅱ)When a leafy plant is under (攻击), it doesn’t sit quietly.20．As far as I’m concerned, we should develop a good (态度) towards life.21． (吸引 )by the beautiful scenery, I quickly climbed up the east slope to enjoy the natural view.22．To (避免) missing the last train, please check the last train time posted in the stations.23．_________ (奖励；奖赏) by the government for his saving the woman’s life, the man felt very proud.24．Our students come from different _______________ (背景) but have the same desire to learn.25．_______________ (依据) on the schedule, this special match will take place on the afternoon of May 8 on our school playground.[来源:Z_xx_k.Com]26．(2018·全国卷Ⅱ)The bay was_______________ (沐浴着) in sunshine, and there was a group of kayakers around 150m off the shore.27． Before making the final decision, you’d better _______________(权衡 ) the advantages against the disadvantages.28．I bought a dress for only 10 dollars in a sale; it was a real_______________ (便宜货)．29．Staying up to study does harm to your health._______________ (此外 ), it will affect your study the following day for lack of energy.30．Parents shouldn’t always _______________ (责备) their children for the mistakes they have made.二、单句填空（根据语境在横线处填入一个适当的词或用所给词的正确形式填空，共 30 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 30 分。）写出加粗部分在语境中的词性及含义1．absent (熟义：adj.缺席的)He looked at me in an absent way. 2．absorb (熟义：v.吸收；吸引)[来源:学科网]I’ve just been so busy studying and trying to absorb all new things around me. 3．age (熟义：n.年龄)As your son grows, you also age. 4．acknowledge (熟义：v.承认)I would like to acknowledge all the help I have received from my family. 5．act (熟义：v.& n．行动)It takes a couple of minutes for the drug to act. 6．add (熟义：vt.添加，增加)[The president agreed, adding that he hoped for a peaceful solution. 7．address (熟义：n.地址 v.写地址)He is going to address the meeting in a minute. 8．against (熟义：prep.反对，违背)The picture looks nice against the white wall. 9．argue (熟义：v.讨论；争论；辩论)I argue that every one of us should try our best to help those in need. 10．arm (熟义：n.手臂)①Lay down your arms, or we’ll fire！ ②The police say the man is armed with guns and very dangerous. 11．attend (熟义：v.出席；参加；照顾)I’m very sorry for not being able to pick you up at the airport, because I have an urgent thing to attend to. 12．available (熟义：adj.可得到的；可找到的)Could you put forward some suggestions on our present plan when you are available？ 根据语境在横线处填入一个适当的词或用所给词的正确形式填空13．On his (arrive) in Beijing, he gave his mother a call at once.14 ． The excellent performances given by these children won widespread ______(approve) among the audience.15．My husband’s talking with his mouth full of food me. Although I am__________ with him about his habit, he can’t get rid of it.(annoy)16 ． She is about the speech contest. Her voice is full of , and we are all waiting for her to calm down.(anxious)17 ． The young man kept to his girlfriend for his being late, but she refused to accept his .(apologize)18．When he suddenly in the classroom, the students were concentrating on listening to their teacher. His sudden surprised them.(appear)19．The who want to for the position should hand in their before this Friday.(apply)20 ． He was as manager of the company. But to everyone’s surprise, he didn’t accept the .(appoint)21．Tom is an teacher in the college. He often the students with their problems and gives to any student in need.(assist)[来22．To my , he didn’t feel at the news that the top student in his class should fail the exam.(astonish)23.The activity has certainly succeeded in raising public (aware) of protecting the environment.24．The government provides them with not only food and shelter, but also the_______ (base) skills for their living.25．I hold the firm (believe) that you will develop a great interest in this gentle exercise.26．You’d better keep a (balance) diet for the benefit of your health.27．I was (bless) with a happy childhood, one that most people would want to have.28．Money was raised to our hometown, and the houses were decorated. I dare say, you couldn’t find a more place than our hometown. (beauty)29．The child so well in class that the teacher praised his good in front of others.(behave)30．Seeing Jack after the accident, we sent him to hospital immediately. The O-type was badly needed then, so some of us offered to help him.(bleed)三、短语句型 （请根据汉语提示完成下列英文句子，共 30 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 30 分。）1. It is obvious that nowadays many people ________________________ (对金钱流露出极度的渴望).2. ________________________ (你必须赶紧些) or you cannot finish it in time.3. ________________________ (我不晓得) why he would say such words.4. As a matter of fact, his book ________________________ (为孩子准备的), but it soon became popular among adults.5. I don’t know him personally, but I ____________________ (听说过他). 6. The story tells us that ________________________ (停止抱怨) what’s wrong, we should be grateful for what’s right. 7. The party will be held in our school and all the teachers and students are welcome to ___________ (参加). 8. If you really don’t want to ___________________ (让你父母失望), stop doing it now. 9. It is advised by Professor Wang that teenagers should _______________ (远离) fattening food to keep fit. 10. Li hua, who is a diligent girl, tries hard to __________________ (跟上那些优秀的学生). 11. _______________ (有各种各样的原因) for this and my reasons can be listed as follows. 12. If the boy ______________ (跪下 ) and begged for forgiveness, I would not forgive him for doing such a terrible thing. 13. I wish this matter ________________________ (能给所有人一个教训). 14. ________________________ (这是不礼貌的去嘲笑) a disabled person. 15. Everyone ought to ________________________ (储存点钱) for future use. 16. Playing this kind of game, which contains too much violence, ________________ (将会导致 ) anti-social behaviour. 17. There is a common phenomenon that in order to _________________ (领先 ), a lot of parents force their children to take part in too much Interest Classes. 18. These sentence patterns are important in English writing, so we should _______________ (背诵/记熟).19. According to the survey, _____________ (至少) 60% of the citizens ________________ (赞成这个计划).20. ____________________ candidates shall remain in their seats until all the papers have been collected.据宣布，直到所有试卷收上去，应考者必须一直待在座位上。21. I was really anxious about you.____________________________________ without a word.我真的很担心你。你本不该一句话不说就离开家的。22. It is certain that he will _________________________________when he gets old.他老的时候，一定会把生意移交给他的儿子。23. _______________________________________ in the coal mine, she went pale.一听说煤矿事故的消息，他的脸色就变得苍白了。24. We have to get in the wheat as soon as possible because ___________________________________.我们必须尽可能快的收割小麦，暴风雨马上就要来了。25. ______________________________________________________, all of us should stick to it.一旦决定被做，我们所有人都要坚持这个决定。26. Helen always helps her mother even though _________________________________ most of her day.海伦总是帮她妈妈忙，即使去上学占据了她几乎一天的时间。27. Don't mention that at the beginning of the story, or it may __________________________________.在故事开始的时候不要提它，否则，结尾可能会恨突兀。28. The taxi driver often _____________________________________ when they leave the car.当乘客离开时，出租车司机经常提醒他们带好行李。29. It is so nice to hear from her. ______________________, we last met more than thirty years ago.收到她的来信真是太好了。不管你信不信，我们上次见面是在三十多年前。30. According to the local regulations, anyone_______________________________ must get an eye test根据当地的条例，任何打算取得驾照的人都必须进行眼睛测试。四：写作练习（请根据汉语和英语提示完成下列英文句子，共 10 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 10 分。）1． (2017·全国卷Ⅲ书面表达 )考虑到所有因素，我还是希望你可以考虑我的邀请。 (account, factor, invitation) 2．(2018·浙江高考写作)更重要的是，我通过在旅行社做兼职工作，陪同一些外国游客，积累了相关经验。(what’s more, accumulate, agency, accompany) 3．收到你的来信得知你被剑桥大学录取我很高兴。(more than, delighted, admit) 4． (2017·全国卷Ⅰ书面表达 )毫无疑问你应该提前了解唐朝历史，这将使课堂顺利进行。 (doubt, supposed, advance, smoothly) 5．骑自行车上班的优点是我们可以过一种低碳生活。(advantage, a low carbon life) 6．(2018·北京高考书面表达)那就是为什么我建议你申请北京大学，中国最好的大学之一。(suggest, apply) 7．如果你能告诉我更多有关此次活动的信息，我将感激不尽。我盼望着你早日回复。(appreciate, look forward to, reply) 8．中国，是世界国土面积第三大的国家，占地 963 万平方千米。(cover, area, square) 9．常言道：“熟能生巧。” (as, saying, perfect) 10．这些活动将一定会引起我们对学习英语的兴趣，提高我们对英语的理解。 (arouse, improve, understanding) 2021 年高考英语核心词汇专项突破阶段性总结（第十课时）参考答案一：单词拼写1.abandoned 2.accent 3.accept 4. accidents 5.acquire 6.advocate7.afford 8.agriculture 9.allowed 10.ambition 11.analyze 12.ancient13. anger 14.anniversary: Z15.annual 16.apparent/obvious 17.Artists 18.article 19. attack 20.attitude 21.Attracted 22.avoid 23. Awarded 24. backgrounds 25. Based 26. bathed 27. balance 28. bargain 29. Besides 30. blame 二：单句填空1.adj.茫然的；恍惚的 2.vt.理解；掌握 3. vi.变老；老化 4.vt.感谢 5.v.起作用 6.vt.补充说 7.v.向……发表演说 8.prep.映衬；以……为背景9.vt.主张 10.n.武器 v.装备 11.vi.处理 12.adj.有空的13. arrival 14. apporval 15.annoys；annoyed；annoying16. anxious anxiety anxiously 17.apologizing ；apology18.appeared ；appearance 19.applicants；apply ；applications20.appointed ；appointment 21.assistant；assists； assistance 22. astonishment；astonished；astonishing 23. awareness 24. basic 25. belief 26. balanced 27. blessed 28. beautify; beautifully ; beautiful 29. behaved; behaviour 30. bleeding; bloody; blood 三：短语句型1. appear to be hungry for money 2. You must hurry up 3. I have no idea 4. was intended for children 5. know/heard of him 6. instead of complaining about 7. join in 8. let your parents down 9. stay away from 10. kee up with those excellent students 11. There are all kinds of \ various reasons 12. went down on his knees 13. will teach everyone a lesson 14. It is impolite to laugh at 15. lay aside some money 16. will lead to 17. be in the lead 18. learn them by heart 19. at least ; are in favor of this program 20.It has been announced that21. You should not have left home 22.hand over his business to his son 22. On hearing the news of the accident 24. a storm is on the way25. Once a decision has been made 26. even though going to school takes up26. give away the shocking ending. 28. reminds passengers to take their belongings\luggage\ baggage 29.Believe it or not 30.who intends to get a driver's license四：写作练习1.Taking all the factors into account, I hope you can consider my invitation.2.What's more, I have accumulated related experience by working part-time in a travel agency, accompanying some foreign tourists.3 ． I'm more than delighted to receive your letter and know you’ve been admitted to the University of Cambridge.4．There is no doubt that you are supposed to know about the history of Tang Dynasty in advance, which will make the class go smoothly.5．The advantage of cycling to work is that we can live a low carbon life.6.That is why I suggest you apply for Peking University, one of the best universities in China.7.I would appreciate it if you could tell me more about the activity. I’m looking forward to receiving your earliest reply.8.China, (which is) the third largest country in the world in land area, covers an area of 9.63 million square kilometres.9.As the old saying goes, “Practice makes perfect.”10.The activities will surely arouse our interest in learning English and improve our understanding of English.