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河南省洛阳市2021届高三英语上学期期中试卷(Word版附答案)

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时间:2020-10-09

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www.ks5u.com洛阳市2020-2021学年高中三年级期中考试英语试卷注意事项:1.答卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、考号等填写在答题卡和试卷指定位置上。2.回答选择题时,选出每小题答案后,用铅笔将答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其它答案标号。回答非选择题时将答案写在答题卡上,写在本试卷上无效。3.考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)做题时,先将答案标在试卷上,录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)听下面5段对话,每段对话后有一个小题。从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。1. What will the man do?A. Have some coffee. B. Give a class. C. Do his homework.2. What's wrong with the man?A. He has a cough. B. He has a fever. C. He has a sore throat.3. How is the weather now?A. Windy. B. Rainy. C. Sunny.4. What kind of room does the woman like?A. A large room. B. A small room. C. A room facing the sea.5. When did the man find the window was broken?A. At 5:30. B. At 6:00. C. At 6:30.第二节(共15小题,每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。6. Who is at the cinema?A. Jenny. B. The man. C. The woman.7. Where is the car most probably?A. In front of the cinema. B. In a parking lot. C. At the railway station.听第7段材料,回答第8,9题。8. Which kind of gloves would the man like?A. Leather. B. Wool. C. Fur.9. How much does a pair of gloves cost?A. ¥ 8. B.£8. C. $ 8.听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。10. Where is the man now?A. At Henry's home. B. In the teacher's office. C. On the basketball court.11. What would the man like?A. Cake. B. Water. C. Coffee.12. Why did the man come?A. To buy a car. B. To sell his car. C. To play basketball.听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。13. What are they mainly talking about?A. The most popular drink. B. The greatest inventors. C. The history of Coke.14. How many drinks were sold a day in the first year after Coke was invented?A. Eight. B. Nine. C. Ten.15. Who changed the sale situation of Coca-Cola?A. Asa Candler. B. John Pemberton. C. Frank Robinson.16. When was diet Coke first made?A. In 1912. B. In 1928. C. In 1982.听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。17. What's the purpose of the speaker?A. To encourage people to join in their activity.B. To help people to become a morning person.C. To give advice on how to make the most of time.18. What is advised to do at night?A. Go to bed early. B. Watch TV plays. C. Surf the Internet.19. Where should you put your alarm clock?A. On the bed. B. Nearer to your bed. C. Farther from your bed.20. Who may help you get up earlier?A. Your parents. B. Your friend. C. Your neighbor.第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、和D)中,选出最佳选项。AThe School's Community(社区)Service Program encourages all Lawrentians to connect with the greater community, giving them the opportunity to join a variety of people outside the students' present world. Because we want students to have a common service experience that improves their Lawrenceville education and builds community within and beyond the gates, the Community Service graduation requirement is not based on a certain number of hours that a student must complete. Instead, students participate in three different types of community engagement(参与).1. Lawrenceville Community Action Project(LCAP) to be completed in 9th, 10th or 11th grade. LCAP examples include: a one-term weekly project; being an advisor at Lawrenceville School Camp or Performing Arts Camp; or participating in a Harkness Travel Program Service Trip.2. Annual participation in the School's Martin Luther King All-School Day of Service3. One-time events(All-School, House, club or team sponsored)-1-3 times before graduation depending on students' entering year.Students may choose, from over 30 different weekly projects in the Trenton-Princeton- Lawrenceville area. Typically, students do these projects during the evening or on Sunday afternoons if they are playing a school sport, or on a Wednesday or Friday afternoon if they are involved in House or lifetime athletics.Students also sometimes develop their own weekly projects based on their interests and talents. Past projects which were started by students include on-campus(校园)dance, chess and art programs for children.Under the leadership of the Community Service Representative(CSR), the Community Service Committee(formed by students who take a leadership role in community service)is responsible for organizing projects and for keeping the Houses informed about community service matters.21. What may an 11th grader do to meet graduation requirement?A. Play football on the city team.B. Work as an advisor at Performing Arts Camp.C. Join in Martin Luther King All-school Day weekly.D. Participate in LCAP three times in the fresh year.22. Why does Lawrenceville hold the Community Program?A. To help build students' service experience.B. To help develop students' interest in career.C. To lead students to experience different trips.D. To help students finish the duration of experience.23. Which is in charge of organizing the projects?A. The Student Union. B. The leader of the community.C. The Community Service Committee. D. The Community Service Representative.BA heart-stopping video shows that a group of hikers were able to keep their cool as a curious black bear approached them-and one even stayed composed enough to snap a selfie(自拍).The black bear pulls one of the women by the leg with its paws(爪子), moving towards her across the path as she tries to remain completely still. When the frightening animal stands up on its legs to smell her, the fearless walker can he seen taking a photo with the wild animal as it breathes down her neck.The incident is reported to have happened on a path in Chipinque Ecological Park, Mexico, and the clip(剪辑片段)has had millions of views since being shared on social media. With the bear particularly interested in one member of the group, another walker remains frozen with her back to the animal as she stares still into the trees.A third can be seen nervously fearing as the bear begins to approach her and shakes her hand in fear, but it circles back around to check out the first hiker for a second time. It pushes her off balance with its head before twice pawing at her legs as onlookers shout to try and warn the bear off.The woman remains fearless as the animal isn't into her and continues walking up the path, giving the group an opportunity to make a swift exit.It was shared on Twitter by former basketball player Rex Chapman, getting 2.7 million views, with the caption: "Oh, my Goodness. She's a rock."24. What does the underlined word "composed" mean in the first paragraph?A. Afraid. B. Confused. C. Disappointed. D. Calm.25. When did the woman take a photo with the bear exactly?A. On seeing the black bear. B. On the bear's pulling her leg.C. On the bear's smelling her. D. On the bear's seeing her.26. Why did the bear leave?A. It was frightened. B. It was hungry. C. It got injured. D. It lost interest.27. From which is the text most probably taken?A. A newspaper. B. A health magazine. C. A research report. D. A brochure.CThey give us paper and fuel, as well as vital ecological services-like cleaning the air, storing carbon and providing home. We're talking about trees, of course.But human changes to the environment appear to be causing great changes to trees around the world. In a new study, scientists reviewed global research on trends in tree seedlings(幼苗), growth, and death. They combined those data with an analysis deforestation(森林采伐). And they found worldwide, older trees are dying at a higher rate than in the past, due to reasons like rising air temperature, wildfires, drought(干旱)and pathogens(病菌)."And most of the drivers of that decrease in large, old trees are increasing themselves, such as temperature going up, droughts are more severe, wildfires, windstorms, and deforestation are all-although variable across the globe-they're generally increasing. And so both the loss has already occurred, but we expect more continued loss of big, old trees," said Nate McDowell, an earth scientist at Pacific Northwest. National Lab, who was one of the study's authors."So if we have an increasing rate of death, particularly of the larger, older trees, what's left are the younger trees. So that's why on average, through the loss of bigger, older trees, our forests are becoming younger and shorter. This trend is a problem, because old trees are vitally important.""The increase in death does limit the carbon storage of an ecosystem, and can force the system to become a carbon source to the atmosphere. The second reason is from a biodiversity viewpoint-old trees tend to house a higher biodiversity. And the third reason is linked with beauty: as a society we care about these trees. We have national parks named after these big trees." Nate McDowell added.28. What's tie purpose of the author in writing the passage?A. To warn us to care about old trees. B. To call on us to plant more trees.C. To tell us why old trees are dying out. D. To prove forests are becoming smaller.29. Which of the following does Nate McDowell think is a problem?A. There'll be a larger number of older trees. B. Older trees will disappear in the world.C. Young trees will be cut down by people. D. Trees will become younger and shorter.30. Why are old trees important?A. They are beautiful. B. They can shelter a variety of wildlife.C. National parks have access to them. D. They limit the carbon storage of an ecosystem.31. What may be the best title for the text?A. Temperature Destroys Forests. B. Forests Gets Younger and ShorterC. The Reasons of the Loss of Old Trees D. The Driver of the Decrease of Old TreesDAre you the type to run before breakfast in a morning? Working out on an empty stomach won't hurt you-and it may actually help, depending on your goal.Exercising before eating comes with the risk of feeling light-headed due to low blood sugar. You might feel tired or uneasy, and won't be able to work out as enthusiastically as you would have. A light amount of food is important for older adults over 55 to eat something before exercising-especially in the morning. But if your primary exercise goal is weight loss, exercising on an empty stomach may come with some promising benefits. There's some research to support the idea that working out in a fasted(禁食的)state can burn more fat than exercising in a fed state.Working out on an empty stomach, however, may also not prove true for everyone. "Some people advocate for fasted exercise, but these people tend to be young and in amazing physical shape," says Douglas Paddon-Jones, a muscle physiology researcher and a professor of aging and health at the University of Texas Medical Branch. "They have no health problems, and what they're eating is super-high quality and carefully regulated." On the other hand, working out in a fasted state without proper planning or professional oversight may run the risk of unhealthy body composition changes.For people who aren't athletes, fueling up with food before a workout may be the best way to get the most fat-bunting benefit. "You don't want to fill up; you just want to give your body a burst of energy to power your training period. After you exercise, drink some water-but wait 60 to 90 minutes before eating," says Shivani Sahni, director of the nutrition program at Harvard University's Instituteh for Aging Research. "You're trying to take advantage of your promoted metabolic(新陈代谢)rate post-exercise, so if you can go an hour or an hour and a half without eating, you'll maximize the fat-burning response," says she.32. Why does the author suggest exercising in a fed state?A. To avoid being light-headed. B. To lower blood sugar.C. To burn more fat. D. To work out energetically.33. Who may tend to practise fasted exercise?A. Older adults. B. Seniors beyond 55.C. Professional athletes. D. Good-shaped athletes.34. What's Shivani Sahni's suggestion for people after exercising?A. Developing a new lifestyle. B. Finding a fitness instructor.C. Going without food for a time. D. Drinking salty water after exercising.35. Which word best describes the author's attitude to working out iii a fasted state?A. Skeptical. B. Cautious. C. Supportive. D. Subjective.第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。Were you to give a presentation with no facial expression and no body language, what do you think the reaction would be of your audience? 36 you are not supposed to expect your listeners to enjoy your performance. 37 It is that if you treat your audience as if you were in a conversation, their reaction to you will be positive. As a consequence, if you smile, they will smile. It is a given. 38 They will feel more in tune with those that directly reach out to them and hold their hands; guide them; share their experience and involvement with something, and make them feel that they're the only people that they're talking to at that given time.How can you make your audience agree with you? 39 Your role as a speaker is to create trust and honesty not just with your words but in how you deliver those words. It is important to recognize that when you have a wonderful message to share with your audience, unless they believe in you, then your words are useless. The desire of your audience to agree with you can only occur when they believe in you.This is what happens when you are opening up to your audience honestly. They are getting to know you on a certain level. 40 The people who want you to solve their problems must first trust in your ability and credibility.A. If you are not a comedian,B. Most audience likes toucbpoints.C. How can you start a conversation?D. What is amazing about good public speaking?E. Even though you can be successful as a speaker, F. While you are doing so, you are building their trust in you.G. Your tone of the presentation sets the stage for a reaction of your audience.第三部分 语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)第一节(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。Mick Polly, who lives with his teenage daughter Carolina in a house, is known as the bike man. Over the past five years, Mick has repaired and 41 hundreds of bicycles for needy kids.One day, a 13-year-old boy with a 42 bike walked by Mick's house. "I was working in my 43 , and lie asked if I could fix it," says Mick, now 53. Mick asked friends on Facebook if they had the 44 part. The town's former police chief saw the 45 and donated two used bicycles. Mick took parts from each to 46 a new set of wheels for the boy. Soon after, Mick, who 47 a toy business, repaired a bike for the boy's brother and built one for his sister. 48 spread, and within the year, lie had fixed up dozens of bikes for 49 kids whose parents couldn't 50 to buy new ones. "People were 51 bikes day and night," says Mick. He 52 the bikes and bike parts in his garage. 53 , the bike man has repaired hundreds of cycles and 54 away nearly 700 newly built bikes. They're free but the kids must 55 to two things: "They've got to mind whoever's 56 them, and they've got to study hard at school. If a kid's 57 are low, Mick requires a teacher's 58 , saying that they're doing their best," Mick says.Mick also hopes that the 59 will get kids off the couch(沙发). "When I was growing up, we all rode our bikes. 60 these kids can get some exercise." Mick says.4l. A. purchased B. built C. invented D. found42. A. new B. shared C. broken D. waste43. A. market. B. study C. office D. garage44. A. missing B. challenging C. best-selling, D. developing45. A. truth B. email C. post D. accident46. A. ride B. engineer C. buy D. examine47. A. obtains B. wants C. protects D. owns48. A. Word B. Wealth C. Children D. Bicycles49. A. naughty B. local C. trousblesome D. aggressive50. A. spare B. spend C. afford D. earn51. A. breaking down B. falling from. C. making use of D. dropping off52. A. creates B. hides C. practises D. stores53. A. To the end B. To date C. To begin with D. To sum up54. A. given B. thrown C. put D. got55. A. contribute B. devote C. agree. D. lead56. A. educating B. needing. C. recommending D. raising57. A. heights B. positions C. grades D. spirits58. A. presence B. note C. certificate D. permit59. A. bikes B. schools C. textbooks. D. cars60. A. Hopefully B. Fortunately C. Eventually D. Frankly第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。Over 100 panda fans sang Happy Birthday and enjoyed cake as they celebrated 61 38th birthday of Xin Xing, the world's oldest giant panda, living in captivity(圈养)on Sunday morning at Chongqing Zoo.The female panda 62 (expect) to break the Guinness world record for the longest living giant panda ever. At 38, Xin Xing has reached the equivalent(相等)of about 110 63 130 in human years. Despite the hot weather, Xiii Xing 64 (come)out of her air-conditioned panda house to enjoy a cake made of ice covered by her favourite foods, including bamboo leaves and shoots, apples, carrots and watermelon, in the outdoor playground. When she was younger, she ate 65 (fast)and much more than other pandas. Now that her 66 ( tooth) are loosening as she ages, the zookeepers peel(去除)the hard skin off the bamboo shoots and choose green bamboo leaves 67 they cut into small pieces.Xin Xing, 68 (bear) in Sichuan Province in 1982, was rescued in the wild and sent to Chongqing Zoo in 1983. Her 38th birthday is a big encouragement for those who devote 69 (they)to protecting those precious species. The zoo panda experts have more 70 (confident) in their work.第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)假如英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。修改:在错的词下面划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。It was Tree Planting Day last Saturday. Our teacher, Mr. Li asked us plant trees on the nearby hill. We arrived here at 8 o'clock in the morning, each with at least a tool. Mr. Li showed us how to plant trees, but then we started digging, planting and watered. I was very excited because I have never planted trees before. Mr. Li set myself a good example. "I must learn about him." I said to myself. In the all, we planted over two hundreds trees. We looked happy at the rows of trees, forgetting our tiredness.第二节 书面表达(满分25分)假定你是李华,你校英文校报准备改版,请你给负责人写邮件,建议开设“中国传统节日”栏目。内容包括:1.开设理由;2.内容设想。注意:1.词数100左右;2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。Dear editor, Yours,Li Hua

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