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2020-2021年高考英语语法填空专项训练(二)

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时间:2020-09-18

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2020-2021 年高考英语语法填空专项训练(二) A painting with a 1 (long) of 1014.37 meters has received a Guinness World Records title for the longest drawing by an individual artist. The record was announced at the Simatai Great Wall on Saturday, 2 is surrounded by the verdant(草木苍翠的)mountains of an early autumn, and the painter unfolded the painting with great care 3 the presence of many viewers. 4 took artist Guo Feng two months to complete the black-and-white painting named Yongsheng in Chinese,meaning living forever. Clearly 5 (inspire) by the view of the Great Wall from the sky, he wanted to call for peace and harmony in the world. In fact, Guo Feng is 6 (familiar) to the public as a music producer than as a painter. And one of his songs, Let the World Be Full of Love, has enjoyed great popularity all over the country for 7 (decade). The painting is made up of 10 sub-themes, and was created 8 (large)using marker pens."I 9 (draw)for more than 10 hours a day over the past months and sometimes I began working at 4 am , " said Guo . " Creating the work on the Great Wall was an unprecedentedly(空前)lonely and quiet time for me 10 (look) into my past, today and the future," he added . 【答案】 1.【答案】 length 【解析】句意:一幅长度为 1014.37 米的画获得了个人创作的最长画卷的吉尼斯世界纪录称号。根据设空处前的不定冠词和后面的介词可知设空处填名词 length。 2.【答案】 which 【解析】句意:周六,在司马台长城上公布了这一纪录。司马台长城被初秋翠绿的群山环绕,这位画家在许多观众面前小心翼翼地将这幅画展开。根据设空处前的逗号及前面的先行词 the Simatai Great Wall 可推知本题考查非限制性定语从句。将先行词代入定语从句后为:The Simatai Great Wall is surrounded by the verdant mountains of an early autumn,可知先行词在定语从句中作主语,先行词指“物”,故填 which。 3.【答案】 in 【解析】考查介词短语。in the presence of 为固定短语意为:当着……的面。 4 .【答案】It 【解析】艺术家郭峰花了两个月的时间完成了这幅名为《永生》的黑白画。to complete the black-and-white painting...作真正主语,故设空处用 It 作形式主语。 5.【答案】 inspired 【解析】句意:显然,从天空看到的长城的景象给了他灵感,他想呼吁世界和平与和谐。考查非谓语动词作状语。主语 he 与 inspire 为逻辑上的被动关系,且设空处表示“完成”,需用过去分词作状语,故填 inspired。 6.【答案】 more familiar 【解析】句意:事实上,郭峰作为音乐制作人比作为画家更为公众所熟知。根据本句中的“than”可知设空处需填形容词比较级,故填 more familiar。 7 .【答案】decades 【解析】句意:他的一首歌曲《让世界充满爱》,几十年来在全国都很受欢迎。for decades 意为:几十年。 8 .【答案】largely 【解析】句意:这幅画由 10 个副主题组成,主要是用记号笔创作的。设空处作 using 的状语,故填副词largely。 9. 【答案】have been drawing 【解析】在过去的几个月里,我每天画画超过 10 个小时,有时我会在凌晨 4 点开始工作。本句为直接引语,根据时间状语 over the past months 及上下文可知设空处需用现在完成进行时,故填 have been drawing. 10. 【答案】look 【解析】考查非谓语动词。根据设空处前的“for me”可知设空处需填不定式形式与 for me 构成不定式复合结构,故填 to look。 二、 Camping in the countryside is usually great fun, but sometimes things can go wrong. Accidents can happen, so it is important to think about your 1 ( secure ) before you go and while you are there . You need to plan ahead. Check out the weather forecast a few days 2 advance and watch out for some reports of fires in the area you are thinking of going to. Prepare an emergency kit(急救箱).If you or anyone with you 3 (have)an accident or illness , the kit works . You also should choose your camp site carefully, avoiding those places where there is a risk of flooding. Before you put up your tent, make sure there are no sharp 4 (object) on the ground . In order to keep insects out of the tent, close it whenever you go in or out. If you need a camp fire for 5 (cook), be careful not 6 (build) it anywhere near your tent, and before you go to bed, remember to put it out completely. After meals, you should pick up the food 7 is left on the ground, as the food can attract insects. It also makes sense, for 8 same reason, to keep unused food in 9 (close) containers well away from the camp. You don't want a hungry bear or other animals to appear 10 (sudden) in your tent ! 【答案】 1. 【答案】security 【解析】句意:在乡下露营通常很有趣,但有时也会出岔子。可能会发生事故,因此在你去之前或你在那里时,考虑你的安全问题很重要。设空处作 about 的宾语,再根据设空处前的 your 可知设空处需填名词形式放填 security。 2.【答案】 in 【解析】句意:你需要提前计划。提前几天查看天气预报,留意你打算去的地区是否有火灾报告。in advance为固定短语,意为:预先,提前。 3. 【答案】has 【解析】句意:准备一个急救箱。如果你或你身边的人出了事故或生病了,这个箱子就能派上用场。考查主谓一致。本句中“you or anyone with you”作主语,谓语动词应与 or 后的 anyone 保持一致,故填 has。 4.【答案】 objects 【解析】句意:你也应该仔细选择你的营地,避免那些有洪水危险的地方。在搭帐篷之前,确保地上没有尖锐的物体。根据本句中的 there are 可知主语应为名词复数形式,故填 objects。 5 .【答案】cooking 【解析】句意:为了不让昆虫进帐篷,无论你什么时候进或出,都要把它关上。如果你需要一堆簿火来做饭,注意不要在你的帐篷附近生火,在你上床睡觉之前记得把火完全熄灭。设空处作介词 for 的宾语,需用动名词形式,故填 cooking。 6.【答案】 to build 【解析】本句中“be careful…”为祈使句,后面需用不定式形式作状语,故填 to build。 7. 【答案】that/which 【解析】句意:饭后,你应该捡起留在地上的物,因为食物会吸引昆虫。考查定语从句。先行词为 the food。将先行词代入定语从句后为:The food is left on the ground.由此可知先行词在定语从句中作主语,先行词指“物”,故用 that 或 which 引导该定语从句。 8. 【答案】the 【解析】句意:出于同样的原因,把不用的食物放在密封的容器里,并将其放在远离营地的地方也是明智的。the same 为固定结构,故填 the。 9 .【答案】closed 【解析】考查非谓语动词作定语。被修饰 containers 与动词 close 为逻辑上的被动关系,且设空处表示状态,故用过去分词 closed 作定语。 10.【答案】suddenly 【解析】句意:你不希望一只饥饿的熊或其他动物突然出现在你的帐蓬里!设空处作 appear 的状语,需用副词形式,故填副词 suddenly。 三、 Thanksgiving is always on a Thursday. The day after it has been known as Black Friday, 1 is the start of the holiday shopping season, and 2 (be) the busiest shopping day of the year in the US since 2005. Most stores offer big sales on Black Friday. They open their doors quite early in the morning and try to attract shoppers 3 big discounts. Black Friday is a great time to go 4 (shop). However, there are problems. The 5 (big) one is 6 there are not enough low-priced items. These items are in great need, so people stand in long lines 7 (get) them. They may wait three to four hours before a store opens. They may be hoping to get a TV or a computer at a low price , 8 not everybody can get one. Some people leave, 9 (disappoint). The situation makes people worried. Some Black Friday events have been crazy . There have been fights over toys among shoppers. Some workers have even been hurt by large 10 (crowd). But most Black Friday events are safe and fun. Still, if you plan to go, you will expect a large number of people and a bit of pushing. 【答案】 1. 【答案】which 【解析】句意:人们都知道感恩节后的那一天是“黑色星期五”,那天是假日购物季的开始,在美国自 2005年那天一直是一年中最繁忙的购物日。本题考查定语从句。根据设空处前的逗号可知设空处引导非限制性定语从句,先行词为 Black Friday,将先行词代入定语从句后为:Black Friday is the start of the holiday shopping season.由此可知,关系词在定语从句中作主语,先行词指“事物”,故填 which。 2.【答案】 has been 【解析】本题考查时态。设空处与前面的“is”并列,根据本部分的时间状语“since2005”可推知设空处用现在完成时,先行词 Black Friday 为第三人称单数,故填 has been。 3. 【答案】with 【解析】句意:它们一大早就开门营业并采用大减价的方式尽力吸引购物者。设空处和后面的 big discounts一起作方式状语;设空处表示“用……”,故填介词 with。 4.【答案】 shopping 【解析】句意:“黑色星期五”是去购物的好日子。本题考查非谓语动词。go shopping 为固定短语,意为:去购物。 5.【答案】 biggest 【解析】句意:最大的问题是没有足够的廉价商品。设空处作代词 one 的定语,表示“最大的”,故填形容词最高级形式 biggest。 6. 【答案】that 【解析】本题考查表语从句。“ 6 there are not enough low-priced items"作 is 的表语,该从句中不缺任何成分,故用 that 引导。 7. 【答案】to get 【解析】句意:这些商品的需求量很大,因此为了得到它们人们要排很长的队。设空处与后面的 them 一起作 stand in long lines 的目的状语,故填不定式 to get。 8.【答案】 but 【解析】句意:他们可能希望低价购买电视机或电脑,但是并非每个人都能买到。本题考查并列连词。前后两个分句为转折关系,故填 but。 9.【答案】 disappointed 【解析】句意:一些人会失望而归。设空处作状语。主语 some people 与 disappoint 为逻辑上的被动关系,且设空处表示状态,故填过去分词 disappointed。 10 .【答案】crowds 【解析】句意:一些工人甚至被大的人群伤害过。crowd 作“人群”讲为可数名词,设空处前没有冠词,由此可推知设空处需用复数形式表示泛指,故填 crowds。 四、 For many people, a big portion(一份)of chips is the junk food. But according to one 1 (science), Professor Rimm, the size of most portions is far too big, 2 instead should only include six fries. Professor Rimm, a nutritionist at Harvard University, said, "There 3 ( be ) not a lot of people who are sending back three-quarters of an order of French fries. I think it would be nice if your meal 4 ( come ) with a side salad and six French fries." In comparison, The Agriculture Department currently lists a serving of chips as three ounces-equal 5 12 to 15 fries. And McDonald's blows this recommendation out of the water, with a large portion of chips 6 (weigh) 5.3 ounces. Professor Rimm's words came 7 (short) after a study showed a link between potato consumption and obesity(肥胖症)and heart disease. Worryingly, the study, which was led by researchers from the Italian National Research Council, found that people who eat fried potatoes two to three times a week are at a 8 (high)risk of death 9 (compare) with those who eat unfried potatoes. While limiting your chip portions to six fries might be extreme, Professor Rimm suggests tracking 10 you feel before eating chips may lead to changes in your eating habits. 【答案】 1 .【答案】scientist 【解析】但据一位科学家里姆教授所说的,大部分情况下,每份薯条的分量都太大了,应该只包括六根薯条。Professor Rimm 作设空处的同位语,由此可知设空处意为“科学家”,故填 scientist。 2. 【答案】and 【解析】should only include 与 is 并列作谓语,由此可知设空处应为连词,前后两个谓语动词为递进关系,故填 and 3.【答案】 are 【解析】将一份炸薯条的四分之三送回来的人很少。本题考查 there be 句型。根据主语 people 可知设空处填 are。 4.【答案】 came 【解析】句意:我想如果您的餐点配有一份配菜色拉和六根炸薯条就好了。考查虚拟语气。根据主句谓语部分 would be nice 可知,此处 if 引导非真实条件状语从句且与现在事实相反,其谓语动词应该用一般过去时,故填 came。 5 .【答案】to 【解析】句意:相比之下,美国农业部目前列出的每份薯条为 3 盗司,相当于 12 到 15 根薯条。equal to为固定搭配,意为:等于,相当于。 6. 【答案】weighing 【解析】句意:麦当劳将这一建议抛在了脑后,它的一大份薯条重达 5.3 盗司。此处为 with 复合结构,portion 与 weigh(重量为)为逻辑上的主动关系,故填 weigh 的现在分词形式 weighing。 7. 【答案】shortly 【解析】句意:里姆教授是在一项研究表明食用土豆与肥胖和心脏病之间存在联系后不久说这番话的。考查副词。shortly after…意为:在……之后不久。shortly after...=soon after... 8.【答案】 higher 【解析】每周吃两到三次油炸土豆的人比那些吃非油炸土豆的人有更高的死亡风险。根据句意可知设空处需用形容词比较级,故填 higher。 9 .【答案】compared 【解析】考查非谓语动词作状语。compared with 为固定结构,意为:与……相比。 10 .【答案】how 【解析】里姆教授表示,在吃薯条之前记录自己的感受可能会改变你的饮食习惯。“10 you feel...”为宾语从句,设空处作系动词 feel 的表语,故填 how。

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