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2020-2021年高考英语语法填空专项训练(五)

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时间:2020-09-18

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2020-2021 年高考英语语法填空专项训练(五) Every Thanksgiving my family and I, along with others, prepare and serve Thanksgiving meals to the people in our small mountain community. My husband and I also bring meals to the disabled. This Thanksgiving we did 1 same. After delivering them to some individual apartments, we went to the 2 (center) dining room. We put the boxes filled with Turkey, ham, mashed potato and some other foods on the tables. People invited 3 ( we ) to stay , and thanked us , 4 we had other deliveries and had to leave. As we started to go out, I turned around and saw them all 5 (watch) us. Then I asked , " Would anybody like a hug ? " They lined up . There was so much 6 (warm) in each hug. My eyes 7 ( fill ) with tears and my heart with love . Now I visit now and then 8 (chat) and, of course, hug. This year at my Thanksgiving delivery, when they line up 9 their hugs , I am going to have them turn around and hug each other. These people have no family at Thanksgiving-what could be 10 ( good ) for them than hugs ! 【答案】 1【答案】 the 【解析】句意:今年感恩节我们做了同样的事情。考查定冠词。same 往往与定冠词 the 连用,构成 the same 短语,意为:同样的。故填定冠词 the。 2【答案】 central 【解析】句意:把东西送到一些个人公寓后,我们去了中央餐厅。考查形容词。设空处作 dining room的定语,表示“中心的”,需用形容词,故填 central。 3【答案】 us 【解析】句意:人们邀请我们留下来,感谢我们,但是我们还有东西要送,不得不离开。考查代词。设空处作 invited 的宾语,故填代词宾格形式 us。 4【答案】 but 【解析】考查连词。设空处前后两个分句表转折关系,故填并列连词 but。 5【答案】 watching 【解析】句意:当我们走出门时,我转身发现他们都在看着我们。考查非谓语动词作宾补。them 与 watch 为逻辑上的主动关系,且设空处表示正在进行,需用现在分词作宾补,故填 watching。 6【答案】 warmth 【解析】每个拥抱都是如此温暖。考查名词。本句为 therebe 句型,设空处作主语,故用名词 warmth。 7【答案】 were filled 【解析】 句意:我的双眼充满泪水,心里充满了爱。考查动词时态和语态。设空处作谓语,主语 eyes与 fill 为被动关系,故需用被动语态形式;设空处讲的是过去的经历,需用一般过去时。综上所述,应填 were filled。 8 【答案】to chat 【解析】现在我时不时会去拜访,去聊聊天,当然,也会拥抱一下。考查非谓语动词。设空处作 visit的目的状语,故填 to chat。 9【答案】 for 【解析】句意:在今年的感恩节送礼物过程中,当他们排着队等着我给他们拥抱时,我会让他们转过身来互相拥抱。设空处表示“目的”,故用介词 for。 10【答案】 better 【解析】句意:在感恩节这些人没有家人陪伴——对他们来说,还有什么比拥抱更好的呢!考查比较级。根据本句中的“than”可知填形容词比较级 better。 二、 With fewer than 2, 000 giant pandas left in the wild, the sighting of one of the lovely animals is a cause for of the of the of the lovely animals is a cause for 1 (celebrate). However, the one recently spotted walking through a bamboo forest in China's Sichuan Province is even more so, 2 (consider)that it is the world's first known all-white panda! It 3 (spot)by an infrared(红外线的)camera set up to monitor the wildlife in the Wolong National Nature Reserve on May 25, 2019, 4 is also home to China's first giant panda breeding and research center. Wolong officials estimate the panda,whose sex is hard 5 (determine)from the photo, is between one and two years old. 6 is generally believed that the giant panda's unique black and white coloring allows it to blend in with the snow during winter or to hide in the shade during summer. Some 7 (scientist) also believe the dark circles around the eyes help the panda bears recognize each other. 8 (lucky) a lack of markings does not seem to have affected the all-white panda so far. The researchers say albino(患白化病的)animals are rare in general. That's because it can only happen if both parents carry the gene. With so few specimens of panda bears left 9 the world, the possibility of that happening is almost impossible. Researchers believe if its offspring can be photographed , it will be 10 (value) for further research. 【答案】 1 【答案】celebration 【解析】考查名词。句意:在野生大熊猫数量不到 2,000 只的情况下,看到一只这种可爱的动物是一件值得庆祝的事情。设空处作介词 for 的宾语,需填名词形式,根据提示词可知设空处填 celebration。celebration在此处是不可数名词。 2【答案】 considering 【解析】 考查非谓语动词作状语。然而,最近在中国四川省的竹林里看到的那只大熊猫更是如此,考虑到它是世界上已知的第一只纯白色大熊猫!根据提示词可知本题考查“独立成分”作状语,故填 considering。 3 【答案】was spotted 【解析】考查动词的时态和语态。2019 年 5 月 25 日,监控卧龙国家级自然保护区野生动物的红外摄像头发现了这只熊猫,这里也是中国首个大熊猫繁育和研究中心的所在地。根据 on May 25,2019 可知时态是一般过去时;主语 It 与 spot 之间是被动关系,因此需用一般过去时的被动语态形式,故填 was spotted。 4【答案】 which 【解析】考查非限制性定语从句的关系词。根据设空处前的逗号,可知设空处引导非限制性定语从句,先行词是 Wolong National Nature Reserve,关系词在定语从句中作主语,先行词指“物”,故填 which。 5 【答案】to determine 【解析】考查不定式。句意:据卧龙官方估计,这只大熊猫的年龄在 1 到 2 岁之间,性别很难从照片上确定。“主语+be+表示难、易、好、坏等的形容词+to do"句型中,需用不定式的主动形式表示被动意思。又如:The cake is easy to make.这种蛋糕很容易做。 6 【答案】It 【解析】考查代词。句意:人们普遍认为,大熊猫独特的黑色和白色的颜色使它能够在冬天融入雪中,或在夏天躲在阴凉处。设空处用 it 作形式主语,that 引导的从句为本句真正的主语。 7 【答案】scientists 【解析】考查名词的复数形式。句意:一些科学家还认为,熊猫眼睛周围的黑眼圈有助于它们相互识别。根据 Some(一些)可知此处要用名词的复数形式,且 scientist 是可数名词,故填 scientists。 8【答案】 Luckily 【解析】考查副词。句意:幸运的是,到目前为止,斑纹的缺乏似乎并没有影响到这只全白的熊猫。此处要用副词,放在句首,修饰整个句子,故填 Luckily。 9【答案】 in 【解析】考查介词。由于世界上的大熊猫如此少,那种情况几乎是不可能发生的。in the world 为固定短语,意为:在世界上。 10【答案】 valuable 【解析】考查形容词。句意:研究人员认为,如果它的后代能够被拍摄下来,这将对进一步的研究有价值。根据 will be 可知此处要用形容词作表语,故填 valuable。 三、 Two new satellites of BeiDou Navigation(导航)Satellite System ( BDS ) 1 ( send ) into space on a Long March - 3B carrier rocket from the Xichang Satellite Launch Center in Sichuan Province, China at 2: 07 a.m. on November 19, 2018. The satellites entered a Medium Earth orbit 2 ( safe ) more than three hours later and will work with 17 other BDS-3satellites already in space. They are also the 42nd and 43rd 3 (member) of the BDS satellite family. China launched these satellites with 4 aim of providing navigation services for countries and regions which participate in the Belt and Road Initiative by the end of 2018. "This is a key step for BDS developing 5 a Chinese experimental system to a regional and then a 6 (globe) navigation system, "said Yang Changfeng, chief designer of the BeiDou system. "The positioning 7 (accurate) of the BDS-3 system has been improved to 2.5 meters to 5 meters," said Yang. 8 (name)after the Chinese term for the Big Dipper constellation, the BeiDou system has been serving China for 18years 9 another six BDS-3 satellites will be put into the Medium Earth orbit from 2019 to 2020. The system is expected 10 (provide)first-class services around the globe by the end of 2020. 【答案】 1 【答案】were sent 【解析】考查主谓一致、动词时态和语态。分析句子可知,本句主语 Two new satellites 为复数形式,后面缺少 谓语,send 与主语为被动关系,此处陈述过去的事情,故用一般过去时的被动语态。 2【答案】 safely 【解析】 考查副词。空格处修饰谓语动词 entered,故用副词 safely。 3 【答案】members 【解析】考查名词。根据 the 42nd and 43rd 可知此处指两名成员,故用名词复数 members。 4 【答案】the 【解析】考查冠词。with the aim of 目的是……。 5【答案】 from 【解析】考查介词。from...to...为固定搭配。 6【答案】 global 【解析】考查形容词。设空处修饰名词 system,故用形容词,global 全球的。 7【答案】 accuracy 【解析】考查名词。分析句子可知,本句缺少主语,故用名词 accuracy。accurate 精确的;accuracy 准确(性),精确(程度)。 8【答案】 Named 【解析】考查非谓语动词。分析句子可知,设空处为状语,name 与其逻辑主语 the BeiDou system 为被动关系,故用过去分词形式。 9【答案】 where 【解析】本题考查定语从句。先行词为 China,关系词在定语从句中作地点状语,故用 where 引导。 10【答案】 to provide 【解析】考查非谓语动词。句意:预计到 2020 年年底该系统将为全球提供一流的导航服务。be expected to do sth.预计要做某事。 四、 What is fear? Fear is a self-made thought of our mind. Usually, fear should 1 (overcome), or it may do harm to us . Sometimes fear is good , but it is not our best friend . There are different types of fear, 2 (range) from fear of failure, fear of taking risks, fear of dogs, and fear of height to fear of drowning and so on. Now the question is 3 we can get rid of fear. The only way to overcome our fear 4 (be)to face it. As soon as we face fear 5 (brave), it will be over. Everyone is afraid inside. Sometimes fear is 6 (help)to us and a little fear is necessary for us 7 (grow). For example, fear of falling makes us walk properly, fear of accidents makes us drive the car carefully and fear of failure makes us work hard . On 8 other hand, fear stops us 9 moving further. We have to move ahead and leave fear behind. At this point, fear is our weakness and we must try to overcome it. At the same time, remember not 10 (scare)anyone for your fun because fear makes people sick and that's not right. 【答案】 1 【答案】be overcome 【解析】句意:通常,恐惧应该被克服,否则它会伤害我们。主语 fear 与 overcome 为被动关系,因此本句需用被动语态;根据设空处前的 should 可知填 be overcome。情态动词的被动语态形式为“情态动词+be+动词的过去分词”。 2 【答案】ranging 【解析】句意:恐惧有很多种,从害怕失败、害怕冒险、害怕狗、恐高到害怕溺水等。本题考查非谓语动词作定语。被修饰词 fear 与 range 为逻辑上的主动关系,故用现在分词形式作定语。 3.【答案】 how 【解析】句意:现在的问题是我们该如何摆脱恐惧。 " 3 we can get rid of fear"为表语从句,根据下句"The only way to overcome our fear is...”可知该表语从句缺少方式状语,故填 how。 4.【答案】 is 【解析】句意:克服恐惧的唯一方法就是去面对它。考查主谓一致与时态。此句的主语中心词是“The only way"且本文是用一般现在时态来叙述的,故设空处填 is。 5 .【答案】bravely 【解析】句意:只要我们勇敢地面对恐惧,它就会结束。设空处作 face 的状语,故填副词 bravely。 6 .【答案】helpful 【解析】句意:每个人内心都害怕。有时恐惧对我们是有帮助的,一点点恐惧对我们的成长是必要的。根据设空处前的系动词 is 可知此处用形容词作表语,故填 helpful。 7 .【答案】to grow 【解析】根据设空处前的 for us 可知需填不定式形式,与 for us 构成不定式复合结构,故填 to grow。 8. 【答案】the 【解析】句意:另一方面,恐惧让我们止步不前。on the other hand 是固定搭配,意为“另一方面”,故填the。 9. 【答案】from 【解析】stop sb. from doing sth.为固定搭配,意为“阻止某人做某事”,故填 from。 10. 【答案】to scare 【解析】句意:同时,记住不要为了好玩而吓喷别人,因为恐惧会让人生病,那是不对的。remember(not)to do sth.意为“记住(不要)去做某事”。

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