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2020-2021年高考英语语法填空专项训练(六)

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2020-2021 年高考英语语法填空专项训练(六) As we know, calligraphy(书法)is something very special for Chinese. It is not only 1 important part of traditional culture but also a way of life for many people. Like oil painting and sculpture in the West, calligraphy is as much an artistic form 2 a spiritual anchor for many Chinese throughout history. From the 3 (invent) of hieroglyphics(象形文字)to the evolution of various calligraphic styles, calligraphy 4 (play) an important role in Chinese culture and history for thousands of years .Calligraphy was well-respected in history. It was a base for barely available education 5 ( opportunity ) , a stepping stone to the upper class and a necessary condition for admiration among peers . During the Jin dynasty(AD 265-420),calligraphy became an expression of superiority among noble families. The competition was so great that young children 6 (order) to receive a large amount of training in calligraphy. Wang Xizhi was among those 7 (raise) in noble families. He 8 his son, Wang Xianzhi, are considered the 9 ( great ) calligraphers in Chinese history , whose achievements 10 (be) beyond compare. Therefore, the Jin dynasty is the pinnacle(鼎盛时期)of calligraphic works in Chinese history. 【答案】 1 【答案】an 【解析】考查冠词。此处意为“传统文化中很重要的一部分”,且 important 以元音音素开头,故填冠词 an。 2【答案】 as 【解析】考查固定短语。书法不仅是一种艺术形式,也是一种精神支柱。as much...as...不仅……而且……。 3 【答案】invention 【解析】考查名词。设空处在介词 from 后作宾语,故填名词。the invention of……的发明。 4 【答案】has played 【解析】考查动词时态。设空处需要填谓语动词,根据语境以及 for thousands of years 可知,此处用现在完成时态。 5 【答案】opportunities 【解析】考查名词。此处表示“受教育的机会”,此时 opportunity 为可数名词,故填名词复数形式。 6 【答案】were ordered 【解析】考查主谓一致、动词时态和语态。children 为复数,young children 与 order 之间为被动关系,故谓语动词用“be+过去分词”,此处叙述晋朝所发生的事情,故用一般过去时态。 7 【答案】raised 【解析】考查非谓语动词。设空处作后置定语,修饰 those(那些人),those 与 raise(抚养)之间为逻辑上的被动关系,且表示完成,故用过去分词作后置定语。 8 【答案】and 【解析】考查连词。根据下文的 are 可知,此处表示“和”。 9 【答案】greatest 【解析】考查形容词。根据 in Chinese history 和设空处前的 the 可知,此处填形容词的最高级形式。 10【答案】 are 【解析】考查主谓一致。从句的主语为复数,故用系动词 are。 二、 He's an old cobbler(修鞋匠)in Paris. When I took him my shoes, he at first told me, "I haven't time. Take them to 1 other fellow on the main street . He will fix them for you right away." But I had had my eye on his shop for a long time. Just looking at his bench 2 (load) with tools and pieces of leather, I knew the craftsman(手艺人)was rather 3 (skill). "No, "I replied," the other fellow can't do it well." The fellow he mentioned is one of those shopkeepers who fix shoes and make keys without knowing much about mending shoes or making keys . They work 4 ( careless ) , and when they have finished sewing a sandal strap(带子),you might as well just throw away the pair. The reason 5 I wanted to have my shoes repaired in the shop is that the man works very carefully . The man 6 ( have ) me write my name on one shoe with a piece of chalk and said, "Come back tomorrow." I was about to leave 7 he took a pair of soft leather 8 (boot)off a shelf. " See what I can do ? " he said with pride . " Only three of us in Paris can do this kind of work." When I got back into the street, the world seemed brand-new to me. He was something out of an ancient legend, this old craftsman with his way of speaking familiarly, his very strange, dusty hat , his funny accent and , 9 all , his pride in his craft . In such a period it is a rare comfort to find a cobbler who gets his greatest 10 ( satisfy ) from pride in a job well done . 【答案】 1【答案】 the 【解析】考查冠词。根据 on the main street 以及 He will fix them for you right away.可知,此处特指主街上的另一位修鞋匠,故填定冠词 the。 2【答案】 loaded 【解析】考查非谓语动词作定语。被修饰词 bench 与 load 为逻辑上的被动关系,且设空处表示“已经完成”,需用过去分词形式,故填 loaded。 3【答案】 skilled/skillful/skilful 【解析】考查形容词。设空处作表语,此处意为“我知道这位手艺人技术相当好”,故填形容词。skilled熟练的,有技能的;skillful/skilful 技术好的,熟练的。 4 【答案】carelessly 【解析】考查副词。设空处作状语修饰 work,故填副词。 5【答案】 why 【解析】考查定语从句。句意:我想在这家店里修鞋的原因是这个人工作非常认真。先行词为 the reason,定语从句中缺少原因状语,故填关系副词 why。 6 【答案】had 【解析】考查动词时态。have sb.do sth.让某人做某事,设空处为谓语动词,根据语境可知用一般过去时态。 7【答案】 when 【解析】考查连词。be about to do sth. when...为常用句型,意为“正要做某事,这时……”。 8【答案】 boots 【解析】考查名词。句意:我正要离开,这时他从架子上拿下一双软皮靴。boot 靴子,根据 a pair of 可知boot 用复数形式。 9【答案】 above 【解析】 考查固定结构。above all 最重要的是。此处介绍这个手艺人最突出的特点,故填 above。 10【答案】 satisfaction 【解析】考查名词。设空处作宾语,故填名词。satisfaction 满足;满意,为不可数名词。 三、 Researchers examined the benefits of singing among people with mental health conditions 1 ( include ) anxiety and depression. They found people who took part in a community singing group improved their mental health and that the combination of singing and socialising was an important part of 2 (recover). The grass-roots action runs weekly singing workshops for people 3 mental health conditions as well as the general public. It 4 (original) began at a hospital in 2005, 5 afterwards moved into the community . Around 120 people now attend four free workshops each week across Norfolk, two thirds of 6 have had contact with mental health services. The research project followed the group for six months and 7 (undertake)interviews with participants, organisers, and workshop 8 ( leader ) . The report shows how singing and socialising gave participants 9 feeling of belonging and well-being that ofter lasted a day or 10 (many), as well as improved social skills and confidence. 【答案】 1【答案】 including 【解析】本题考查介词。including 作介词时放于名词或代词之前,意为“包括……在内”。 2【答案】 recovery 【解析】本题考查名词。放于介词 of 之后需用名词形式,故答案为 recovery,意为“恢复,痊愈”。 3【答案】 with 【解析】本题考查介词。此处 with 意为“带有,具有”。 4 【答案】originally 【解析】 本题考查副词。句中修饰动词 began 需用副词,故填 originally。 5【答案】 but 【解析】本题考查连词。上下文构成转折关系,故使用连词 but。 6 【答案】whom 【解析】本题考查定语从句。此处为非限制性定语从句,先行词为 around 120 people,指人,应使用关系代词 whom 作介词 of 的宾语。 7【答案】 undertook 【解析】本题考查动词的时态。设空前 and 连接两个并列的谓语,根据谓语动词 followed 可判定此处使用一般过去时。 8 【答案】leaders 【解析】本题考查名词的数。leader 为可数名词、根据语境可知应使用其复数形式 leaders。 9【答案】 a 【解析】本题考查冠词。此处泛指“一种感觉”,且 feeling 以辅音音素开头,故使用不定冠词 a。 10【答案】 more 【解析】 本题考查比较级。a day or more 意为“一天或更长时间”。 四、 The COVID-19 outbreak forced Belgian pianist Jean-Francois Maljean who had planned to go to Wuhan in February 1 ( postpone ) the trip . The musician decided to write a song 2 ( immediate ) after discussing the idea with his Chinese business partner, He Liu. "I have been playing in concerts around China for almost20 years. I have so many friends in Wuhan. I want to show my 3 ( consider ) to those people affected by the virus and those who are fighting in the hospitals in the face 4 the disaster, especially the doctors and nurses who are protecting others but thinking little about 5 (they),"says 67-year-old Maljean. It 6 (take) the musician about three days to finish the song Chime of the Dawn Bells, 7 has become popular online since Feb 10. He Liu invited 15 local people from all walks of life in Wuhan to sing the Chinese version of the song. Maljean's daughter, Noemie Maljean, an 8 (excellence)singer, performed the lead vocals(主唱). Maljean put Wuhan's landmark buildings and famous scenery into 9 music. "I hope that my music can comfort the people suffering in Wuhan and in China. I'm always deeply moved by the great sacrifice 10 (make) by the people of Wuhan," says the pianist. 【答案】 1.【答案】to postpone 【解析】句意:新型冠状病毒疫情的爆发迫使比利时钢琴家尚·马龙推迟了原定于 2 月前往武汉的行程。根据本句中的“forced Belgian pianist…”可知设空处填不定式 to postpone 作宾补,构成“force sb. to do sth.”结构。 2.【答案】 immediately 【解析】句意:这位音乐家在与他的中国商业伙伴何浏讨论过后,决定立即写一首歌。设空处修饰动词 write,应用副词。 3.【答案】 consideration 【解析】句意:我想表达对那些感染病毒的人们以及那些在医院里面对灾难而战斗,尤其那些保护别人而不考虑自己的医生和护士们的关心。本空前面有“show my…”,说明本空应填名词作 show 的宾语。consideration 意为“关心”。 4 .【答案】of 【解析】考查介词。in the face of 属于固定短语,意为“面对”。 5 .【答案】themselves 【解析】特别是医生和护士,他们保护别人,却很少考虑自己。本空位于介词 about 之后,再结合句意可知,这里应填反身代词。 6. 【答案 】took 【解析】句意:这位音乐家花了大约三天的时间完成了《黎明的编钟声》这首歌,这首歌从 2 月 10 日开始在网上流行起来。本句在说他用了大约三天时间写完了这首歌,指的是过去发生的事情。故用一般过去时。 7. 【答案】which 【解析】本空前面是一个完整的句子,应考虑非限制性定语从句;本空又处在所在句的主语位置上,故填which。 8.【答案】 excellent 【解析】 句意:马龙的女儿诺埃米·马龙是一名出色的歌手,她担任了主唱。本空后面是名词 singer,因此本空填形容词,修饰该名词。 9.【答案】 the/his 【解析】句意:马龙将武汉的标志性建筑和著名的风景融入音乐中。本空填 the 表示特指,也可以填物主代词his。 10 .【答案】made 【解析】句意:我希望我的音乐能够抚慰武汉和中国人民的伤痛。武汉人民做出的巨大牺牲总是深深打动我。此处为过去分词作定语。

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