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2020-2021年高考英语语法填空专项训练(七)

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时间:2020-09-18

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2020-2021 年高考英语语法填空专项训练(七) Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has been around 1 thousands of years. It is said that there are three emperors 2 played a significant role in the history of TCM. First, Fu Xi discovered the flow between heaven and earth which he reflected in the principles of Yin and Yang. Yin and Yang theory 3 (be) the concept of two opposite but complementary(互补的)forces that shape all life. He also invented acupuncture(针灸). Second, Shen Nong 4 (regard) as the founder of Chinese herbal medicine even today. In order to determine the nature of different herbs, he tasted various kinds of plants, testing 5 (they) individual effects. Third, Huang Di is associated with Huang Di Nei Jing, which is the 6 (early) and most important written record of TCM. It lays a foundation for the theories of Chinese medicine. TCM has made a great 7 (contribute) to the health of Chinese people, and it has become an independent medical system in the world medical field. Since 8 founding of the People's Republic of China, the Chinese government has attached great importance to TCM, making policies 9 (promote) its development. TCM is now becoming 10 (wide) accepted in the world. 【答案】 1【答案】 for 【解析】本题考查介词。句意:中医已经有几千年的历史了。thousands of years 为一段时间,故填介词for。 2【答案】 who/that 【解析】本题考查定语从句。定语从句的先行词为 emperors,指人;关系词在从句中作主语,故填关系代词 who 或 that。 3 【答案】is 【解析】本题考查动词的时态和主谓一致。本句描述客观事实,应用一般现在时,且主语 theory 为单数,故用第三人称单数形式 is。 4 【答案】is regarded 【解析】本题考查动词的时态和语态。本句描述客观事实,regard 与主语 Shen Nong 构成被动关系,故用一般现在时的被动语态,主语 Shen Nong 为单数形式,故填 is regarded。 5 【答案】their 【解析】本题考查形容词性物主代词。effects 为名词,其前面应用形容词性物主代词,故填 their。 6【答案】 earliest 【解析】 本题考查形容词最高级。and 连接两个并列结构,由下文的 most important 可知,此处应该用形容词最高级 earliest。 7 【答案】contribution 【解析】本题考查名词。短语 make a great contribution to“对……做出巨大贡献”,故填名词 contribution。 8 【答案】the 【解析】本题考查冠词。此处特指中华人民共和国的成立,故用定冠词 the。 9 【答案】to promote 【解析】本题考查非谓语动词。此处用不定式表示目的,故填 to promote。 10【答案】 widely 【解析】本题考查副词。修饰动词应用副词,且表示抽象概念“广泛地”,故填 widely。 二、 When it comes to U.S. middle school science and engineering, girls rule. Girls took the top five prizes at the 2019Broadcom MASTERS, a 1 (compete) for middle school students across the country. The winners 2 ( announce ) last month . The champion was 14-year-old Alaina Gassler who designed system to make driving much 3 (safe) by reducing blind spots, the areas that drivers cannot see outside their vehicles.Blind spots lead to about 840, 000 accidents a year nationwide. Alaina's system 4 (help) drivers see "through" the A-frame pillar(支柱),the part of the vehicle in the front that joins the top and front window, 5 is important for safety and cannot be removed. Alaina used a camera to help drivers look "through" the structure 6 (see) what is blocked. The camera sends videos to a device showing 7 ( image ) on the other side of the pillar . The driver then can see 8 is in the blind spots. Alaina said that when she heard her name 9 (call) as the winner," it was so unexpected". She received a $25,000prize and said she wanted to improve the picture, making 10 easy to see in any kind of weather, or at any time of day. 【答案】 1【答案】 competition 【解析】考查词性转换。在不定冠词 a 后需接名词,故答案为 competition。 2 【答案】were announced 【解析】考查动词的时态和语态。句子主语 The winners 与动词 announce 构成被动关系,故使用被动语态;根据时间状语 last month 可确定答案为 were announced。 3 【答案】safer 【解析】 考查形容词的比较级。根据 much 可判断此处使用 safe 的比较级形式 safer。 4 【答案】helps 【解析】考查动词的时态和主谓一致。根据上下文可知此处客观介绍这一设计的作用,故使用一般现在时;句子的主语 system 为名词单数,故答案为 helps。 5【答案】 which 【解析】考查定语从句。定语从句的先行词 A-frame pillar 与定语从句由逗号隔开,且定语从句中缺主语,故使用关系代词 which 6【答案】 to see 【解析】考查非谓语动词。此处为不定式作目的状语,故答案为 to see。 7 【答案】images 【解析】考查名词的数。image 为可数名词,其前没有限定词,故使用其复数形式 images。 8 【答案】what 【解析】考查名词性从句。宾语从句中缺主语,且此处指代“在视线盲区中看到的东西”,故使用连接代词 what。 9 【答案】called 【解析】考查非谓语动词。heard 的宾语 her name 与动词 call 构成被动关系,故使用过去分词作宾语补足语。 10 【答案】it 【解析】 考查代词。此处考查形式宾语,故使用代词 it。 三、 Cities usually have a logical reason for being 1 they are, like a nearby port or river. People settle in these places because they are easy 2 (get) to and naturally suited to communications and trade. New York City, for instance, is near a large harbour at the mouth of the Hudson River. Over 300years 3 (it) population grew gradually from 800 people to 8million. But not all cities develop 4 (slow) over a long period of time. Boom towns grow from nothing almost overnight. In 1896, Dawson, Canada, was unmapped wilderness. But gold 5 (discover) there in 1897, and two years later, it was one of the largest cities in the West, 6 a population of 30,000. Dawson did not have any of the natural 7 (convenient)of cities like London or Paris. People went there for gold. They travelled over snow-covered mountains and sailed hundreds of miles up icy rivers. The trail to Dawson was covered with thirty feet of wet snow 8 could fall without warning. An avalanche(雪崩)once closed the trail, 9 (kill)63 people. For many who made it to Dawson, however, the rewards were worth 10 difficult trip. Of the first 20, 000 people who dug for gold, 4,000 got rich. About 100 of these stayed rich men for the rest of their lives. 【答案】 1 【答案】where 【解析】考查表语从句。根据下文可知,此处强调城市所处的位置,故使用连接副词 where。 2【答案】 to get 【解析】考查非谓语动词。本题考查句型:主语+be+easy+to do sth.,故答案为 to get。 3 【答案】its 【解析】考查代词。修饰名词 population 需用形容词性物主代词,故答案为 its。 4 【答案】slowly 【解析】考查副词。修饰动词 develop 需用副词形式,故答案为 slowly。 5【答案】 was discovered 【解析】考查动词的时态和语态。句子主语 gold 与动词 discover 构成被动关系,故使用被动语态;根据时间状语 in 1897 可确定答案为 was discovered。 6【答案】 with 【解析】考查介词。此处表示“具有,带有”,故使用介词 with。 7【答案】 convenience(s) 【解析】考查词性转换。放于形容词 natural 之后作介词 of 的宾语,故使用名词形式。 8【答案】 that/which 【解析】考查定语从句。定语从句的先行词 wet snow 指物,从句中缺主语,故使用关系代词 that 或 which 9【答案】 killing 【解析】考查非谓语动词。动词 kill 与其逻辑主语 An avalanche 构成主动关系,故使用现在分词作结果状语。 10【答案】 the 【解析】考查冠词。此处特指道森之行,故使用定冠词 the。 四、 Paper-cutting is a folk culture with so long a history. When the Chinese New Year is coming, it is a custom for northern people 1 ( post ) the paper-cutting on windows . Gradually , it develops into an art form, one of the most popular 2 (tradition)decorative arts. It is recorded that there were decorations 3 (make)by gold and silver foil(箱纸),leather and silk products 4 the Shang Dynasty. We can say that paper-cutting came from these art forms. In some villages, paper-cutting is 5 (usual)made by the females. Nowadays, probably because of the available material and the decoration effect, paper-cutting is deeply loved by 6 public. People still maintain a tradition of posting paper-cutting on windows and doors during 7 (festival). And it has already developed into a unique art form. You can also see paper-cutting in brand advertisements fashion designs and stamp designs. In the early days, people made images of both humans 8 other subjects to bury together with bodies in the tombs or to burn on the funerals. In105 AD, Cai Lun improved the paper making technique and a large amount of paper was produced, 9 laid the foundation for the spread of paper-cutting. Beautiful patterns 10 (create)and gradually, the patterns were widely used in other fields later. 【答案】 1.【答案】to post 【解析】考查非谓语动词。It's a custom for sb.to do sth.对于某人来说做某事是一种风俗,句中 it 作形式主语,不定式短语为真正的主语。 2. 【答案】traditional 【解析】考查形容词。句中修饰名词 arts 需用 tradition 的形容词形式。 3.【答案】 made 【解析】考查非谓语动词。decorations 与动词 make 构成被动关系,且设空处表示“完成”,故使用过去分词 made 作后置定语。其中注意介词 by 的提示作用。 4. 【答案】in 【解析】 考查固定搭配。表示“在……朝代”需用介词 in。 5.【答案】 usually 【解析】考查副词。修饰动词 made 需用 usual 的副词形式。 6 .【答案】the 【解析】考查固定搭配。the public 意为“公众”。 7. 【答案】festivals 【解析】考查名词的数。festival 为可数名词,在本句中表泛指,故此处使用复数形式。 8 .【答案】and 【解析】考查连词。both...and...不仅……而且……。 9. 【答案】which 【解析】考查定语从句。此处引导非限制性定语从句,指代前面整句话的内容,并在从句中作主语,故用关系代词 which。 10. 【答案】were created 【解析】考查动词的时态和语态。句子主语 Beautiful patterns 与 create 构成被动关系,结合下文的were widely used 可确定答案。

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