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2020年准高三英语暑假预热训练卷01(新课标卷)

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2020年准高三英语暑假预热训练卷01(新课标卷)第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)(略)第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)第一节 (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。ALisinoprilWhat is lisinopril? Lisinopril is a medicine to treat high blood pressure. This medicine is only available on prescription. It comes as tablets. It also comes as a liquid for people who find it hard to swallow tablets, but this has to be ordered specially by your doctor.Important informationTo make sure lisinopril is safe for you, tell your doctor if you have:● Heart, liver or kidney problems● Diabetes (糖尿病)● Higher levels of potassium (钾) in your bloodWomen who are pregnant can’t take the medicine. It could harm the unborn baby.How should I take lisinopril?● Take lisinopril exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Follow all directions on your prescription label. Your doctor may sometimes change your dose (剂量) to make sure you get the best results.● Drink plenty of water each day while you are taking this medicine.● Lisinopril can be taken with or without food.● Your blood pressure needs to be checked often, and you may need frequent blood tests.What if I forget to take it?If you miss a dose of lisinopril, take it as soon as you remember. If you don’t remember until the following day, skip the missed dose. Do not take a double dose to make up for a forgotten one. If you forget doses often, it may help to set an11 alarm to remind you.What should I avoid while taking lisinopril?● Avoid drinking alcohol, because it can further lower your blood pressure and may increase certain side effects of lisinopril.● Avoid getting up too fast from a sitting or lying position, or you may feel dizzy. Get up slowly and steady yourself to prevent a fall.21. What do we know about lisinopril?A. It comes in liquid form. B. It must be taken with food.C. It can be used to treat diabetes. D. It is harmful to pregnant women.22. What do you need to do when taking lisinopril?A. Visit a doctor on a daily basis. B. Live on a mainly vegetarian diet.C. Do enough physical exercise daily D. Have frequent blood pressure tests.23. What should you do if it has been almost a day since you missed a dose?A. Take your next dose on time. B. Skip the following doses for days.C. Take a dose as soon as you remember. D. Have more when taking your next dose.B A study has warned that seafood supplies from the world's oceans could be almost gone by the middle of the century. The researchers say there has already been a breakdown in wild populations of almost one third of currently fished sea-foods. The study says that means their catch has fallen by ninety percent from their highest level. Boris Worm of Dalhousie University in Nova Scotia Canada led the intentional team that did the study. Professor Worm says species have recently been disappearing from oceans at an increasing speed. At this rate he says all seafood species could collapse by 2048.Other studies have also warned about the dangers of overfishing and the effects on ocean environments. But not everyone thinks the oceans are likely to be empty, in, fifty years.Some scientists said parts of the world do have problems but others11 arc doing a good job of protecting fish populations. Government officials in several countries with large fishing industries also questioned the research.The study appeared earlier this month in Science magazine.The researchers say damage to oceans affects not only fish populations but also the productivity of ecosystems. These complex systems help control water quality. The scientists say the loss of different kinds of sea life appears to increase the risk of fish kills and beach closures from harmful algae growth.The scientists examined the results of thirty-two experiments and observed forty-eight protected areas. They also looked at records of catches worldwide. They studied records from the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization from 1950 to 2003. And they examined archaeological information and other historical records for twelve coastal areas. That research reached back over a thousand years.Boris Worm says the findings are, in his words, “beyond anything we suspected.”But he also said the situation is not too late to core. He said that with good fisheries management, some species could completely recover in three to ten years.24.The two underlined words “their” in the first paragraph most probably mean .A.researchers' B.fisherman'sC.sea foods' D.the oceans'25.Which of the following is true according to the passage?A.All the scientists don't believe that all seafood species will disappearing very soonB.Most government officials disagree to the seafood-disappearing researchC.Some scientists are doing a good job of protecting fish populationsD.It's too late to take any action to improve the situation.26.According to Boris Worm, .A.Some people are doing a good job of protecting fish populationsB.Overfishing is one of the causes for the loss of seafood speciesC.things are getting worse though efforts can be made11D.some more species will come into being with right measures27.What is the main purpose of the passage?A.To call on people to protect the ocean environmentB.To introduce a study about the disappearing of sea foodsC.To report different opinions about the seafood researchD.To criticize the present fisheries managementC On August 29th,Elon Musk, the boss of Tesla, an electric-car maker, announced that some of his customers would find that their cars had suddenly developed the ability to drive farther on a single battery charge. Like many modern vehicles, Mr.Musk's products are best thought of as Internet-connected computers on wheels. The cheaper models in Tesla' line-up have parts of their batteries disabled by the car’s software in order to limit their range. At the tap of a keyboard in Palo Alto, the firm was able to remove those restrictions and give drivers temporary access to the full power of their batteries.Mr. Musk's computerized cars are just one example of a much broader trend. As computers and connectivity become cheaper, it makes sense to bake them into more and more things that are not, in themselves, computers creating an “Internet of things”, or IoT. It is a slow revolution that has been gathering pace for years, as computers have found their way into cars, telephones and televisions. But the transformation is about to speed up. One forecast is that by 2035 the world will have a trillion connected computers, built into everything from food packaging to bridges and clothes.Such a world will bring many benefits.Consumers will get convenience. Amazon's Ring smart doorbells, for instance, come equipped with motion sensors(运动传感器) and video cameras. Working together, they can also form what is, in effect, a private CCTV(closed circuit television) network, allowing the firm to offer its customers a“digital neighborhood-watch”scheme and pass any interesting video along to the police.Business will get efficiency, as information about the physical world that used11 to be temporary and uncertain becomes concrete and analyzable. Connected cows can have their eating habits and vital signs tracked in real time, which means they produce more milk and require less medicine when they fall ill. Such gains are individually small but, mixed again and again across an economy, they are the raw material of growth potentially a great deal of it.In the long term, though, the most noticeable effects of the IoT will be on how the world works. One way to think of it is to regard it as the second phase of the Internet. Ever, more companies will become tech companies; the Internet will become widespread. As a result, a series of unsolved arguments about ownership, data, competition and security will spill over from the virtual world into the real one.28.Why does the author mention Elon Musk?A.To tell a story about his car.B.To introduce the topic.C.To inform readers of his Tesla.D.To explain batteries on electric Cars.29.What can we infer about the IoT from Paragraph 2?A.It is under connection.B.It is getting computerized.C.It is getting widespread use.D.It is connecting computers.30.What benefits can the IoT bring in the future?A.It will bring convenience and efficiency.B.It can help upload videos onto the Internet.C.It can save cows from being ill.D.It will bring small gains.31.According to the last paragraph what will be discussed in the following part?A.The evolution of the IoT.B.Applying the IoT to the virtual world.C.Its main use in tech companies.D.Its effects on the real world.11D Walls blanketed in moss(苔鲜)are popping up in major cities, along with promises that they can reduce air pollution—but can a few square metres of plant matter really deal with the smog?A Berlin-based firm, Green City Solutions, believes so. Its moss walls, called the CityTree, are roughly 4 square metres in size. Armed with Wi-Fi sensors to monitor the health of moss, a City Tree functions autonomously and requires very little maintenance(维护). The wall collects rainwater, which is pumped through a built-in irrigation system to the plants, powered by solar energy. As a result, the firm says each CityTree is able to “eat” around 250 grams of particulate(颗粒) matter a day (nearly 90 kgs a year) and removes about 240 metric tons of CO2 annually. It also cools the surrounding air.Aware that getting the surrounding air in contact with the moss wall is crucial for the CityTree to be effective, the inventors ensure that the location of each installation (安装) is chosen carefully. Spots where pollution is heavy due to traffic and where air flow is limited are picked. The importance of this step is explained by the fact that the waste gas from a car generally goes vertically a few kilometres into the air.But this doesn’t mean moss walls will necessarily protect people from pollution. In the Netherlands, researchers found that eight walls installed in Amsterdam failed to reduce the concentration of particulate matter (PM) and nitrogen dioxide (N02). Their report concluded that even doubling the number of moss walls would do little to improve their effectiveness.The CityTree is not meant for parks or to substitute for street trees, but to add greenery to concrete-heavy spaces where planting is not an option. It’s important to remember that street trees provide a whole host of other benefits, including shelter and habitat for urban wildlife, shade and cooling for people on the street, and reduction of urban heat islands.32.What do we know about the CityTree?A.It can absorb some air pollutants. B.It can irrigate other street plants.11C.It produces electricity to cool water. D.It is aimed at saving water in cities.33.What is Paragraph 3 mainly about?A.The importance of CityTree.B.The function of CityTree.C.How to operate CityTree.D.Where to place CityTree.34.Why is the example of Amsterdam mentioned in Paragraph 4?A.To show that CityTree can’t always work well.B.To prove that CityTree can reduce air pollutants.C.To emphasize the necessity of building moss walls.D.To analyze the reasons for the failure of the program.35.What is the author’s attitude towards replacing street trees with moss walls?A.Ambiguous. B.Disapproving.C.Supportive. D.Cautious.第二节 (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。Everyone is aware that taking good care of our bodies can prevent many medical problems from occurring later. However, we often have less awareness of preventative actions we should take to help with mental health problems. While our mental health may be fine right now, many of us will struggle at some point. 36 It’s impossible to get through life without challenges, but our mental health prevention habits can help us get through difficult times. 37 Keep active. The more active you physically, mentally and socially are, the higher the level of your mental wellness is likely to be. So go for walks and learn something new. There are many other ways to be active. 38 Be connected. Regular involvement in social activities with supportive friends and family improves your ability to handle disappointments, and everything else life throws at you. 39 But you can be involved in any manner; even volunteering for11 an organization can help you be more social. 40 The nature of these activities varies widely from person to person. The key is to identify what gives your life meaning. Volunteering, coaching, teaching, etc. all can contribute to increasing your sense of confidence and satisfaction with life. Many activities can address more than one. The key is to make a plan and stick with it. If you are already struggling, begin to practice these ways to help your recovery.A. Here are three practical steps.B. However, good mental health is important.C. Stresses, disappointments and disasters happen.D. Overcome life’s challenges before they happen.E. Be committed to activities that give life meaning.F. The key is to find what keeps you motivated and interested.G. This can be difficult when you move to a new town or as you get older.第三部分 语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)第一节 (共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。I stood in the front of the classroom like a specimen(标本) under examinations of 23 pairs of eyes. I began stuttering(结巴)and gave wrong answers to some questions.In the summer of 2016, I worked as an assistant teacher at a children's day camp.Lacking in experience,I 41 to create weekly lesson plans.Kids shouted at each other in class.Sometimes,I had to pull apart kids who were 42 ach other.The rare moments of 43 came only after my booming calls for attention. Every day was a 44 between me and these wild little creatures.One day I suddenly 45 that I was supposed to teach them instead of being led by the nose. It was time to do something to change the 46 . I was older, more knowledgeable, and most 47 , I had more authority. The next day,I firmly 48 into the classroom and stood in the front 49 .The students studied me curiously.11 But I did not stutter this time. It 50 me that the class went smoothly without being 51 for the first time. From that day on,they gradually started to pay attention. Some 52 started calling me “Ms. Amy”. Seeing a sign of respect in their wild eyes was like getting 53 for my achievements. I was finally acting as an authority figure. The 54 I received also increased my self-confidence. It made me believe that I had the 55 . to overcome difficulties.One month after my summer job 56 , I went back to visit the students. I saw the 57 kids running around in the classroom. 58 ,their playful shouts were a different kind of music to my 59 now. Instead of the unpleasant sound I heard the first day,this was a 60 song that played during my march to self-confidence.41. A. refused B. failed C. struggled D. hesitated42. A. calling on B. fighting with C. staring at D. learning from43. A. patience B. promise C. thought D. silence44. A. battle B. difference C. link D. joke45. A. hoped B. realized C. regretted D. remembered46. A. suggestion B. occasion C. situation D. decision47. A. importantly B. interestingly C. naturally D. hopefully48. A. burst B. slipped C. rushed D. stepped49. A. anxiously B. cautiously C. eagerly D. calmly50. A. surprised B. embarrassed C. disappointed D. amused51. A. puzzled B. encouraged C. disturbed D. observed52. A. just B. even C. ever D. still53. A. recognition B. information C. evaluation D. discussion54. A. trust B. sympathy C. pride D. respect55. A. chance B. right C. ability D.11 intention56. A. continued B. ended C. started D. returned57. A. same B. special C. poor D. normal58. A. Therefore B. However C. Besides D. Otherwise59. A. heart B. eyes C. ears D. soul60. A. popular B. complex C. strange D. unique第二节 (共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。What’s the right college for you? 61 (do) the college you're considering offer classes and learning opportunities 62 interest you? You don’t need to declare a college major until your junior year of college—but you’re more likely 63 (succeed) if you’re excited about and engaged by the options available to you.Consider 64 (you) learning style: do you prefer informative lectures or lively discussions?Research and analysis or hands-on experience and practice? Writing papers or working in small groups?Look for the academic experience you’ll need to feel 65 (challenge) and engaged, and what support you’ll need for success—peer tutoring, 66 (access) professors, and career services are just some of 67 options you might find on campus. Check out course and program 68 (describe), reviews of professors, and sit in on some classes if you’re able to visit campus. 69 (assess) your chances of admission can be a good way to identify a strong academic match. Most admissions counselors tell us that your GPA and the quality of your high school classes are the most important elements of your college application, 70 standardized test scores not far behind.第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中11共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。Last Friday, our class organized a visit to the city museum. We got to there by bus. First, we listened to the brief introduction to the museum. Then, we set out to exploring the museum in small groups. Which caught our attention first was some skillful carved bronze ware dating from the Shang Dynasty. Afterwards, we looked at some cultural relics relate to Shanxi merchants and local custom. To be honest. I felt amazing at the wide range of exhibits on display.I benefited a lot from this experience. Not only it widen my horizons and it made me lake pride in the history of my hometown.第二节 书面表达(满分25分)近年来,随着科技发展,电子产品越来越多,学生的汉字书写能力大大降低。假定你是李是校书法协会的会长,为了让同学们重视书写,写一封倡议书,内容包括:1.减少对电子产品的依赖,多动手记笔记;2.养成练书法和写日记的习惯。注意:1.词数100左右;2.可适当增加细节,以使行文文连贯。 11

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