做题时，先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后，你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。 第一节（共5小题; 每小题1. 5分，满分7. 5分）
1. How much will the woman probably pay for the skirt?
A. $ 30. B $ 70. C. $ 100.
2. What is the probable relationship between the speakers?
A. Repairman and customer. B. Manager and employee. C. Good friends.
3. Where is the man now?
A. In his room. B. In his mother's room. C. In the living room.
4. Why does the woman learn Spanish?
A. To be an interpreter. B. To travel abroad. C. To get a diploma,
5. What's wrong with Martha?
A. She can't see clearly.
B. She doesn't forgive.
C. She is having trouble with work.
第二节（共15小题;每小题1. 5分，满分22. 5分）
听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项， 并标在试卷相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个小题，每小题5秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出 5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
6. When does the conversation possibly take place?
A. On Monday. B. On Friday. C. On Sunday.
7. What does the woman like to do at the beach?
A. Reading a book. B. Surfing in the waves. C. Doing water sports.
8. What does the man order first?
A. Steak. B Drinks. C. Dessert.
9. What does the New York steak come with?
A. Veggies and salad,
B. Chicken and cheese.
C. Veggies and potatoes.
10. What kind of steak does the man order?
A. Medium. B. Well done. C. Rare.
11. How do most readers find Island Intrigue?
A. Absurd. B. Boring. C. Thrilling.
12. What kind of books do the speakers both like?
A. Horror stories. B. Science fictions. C. Adventures.
13. What will the speakers do?
A. Exchange books.
B. Go to the library together.
C. Fix a time to communicate ideas.
14. Which line should the man take first?
A. The blue line. B. The gray line. C. The green line.
15. What should the man do once on 83rd street?
A. Turn left. B. Go straight. C. Turn right.
16. What is opposite the post office?
A. The bank, B. Andrew Square. C. Jack's Ban
17. What do we know about pizza?
A. It is originated in America.
B. It is very popular in America.
C. 37 billion pizzas are consumed a year.
18. What is the speaker's attitude toward adding bacon to pizza?
A. Negative. B. Curious. C. Appreciative,
19. What is the feature of "Americanized" pizza?
A. It has different shapes. B. It is sold in restaurants. C. It has the same toppings.
20. What does the speaker intend to tell us?
A. Pizza in America.
B. Pizza in Italy.
C. Pizza and its toppings.
Amsterdam Destination Guide
Amsterdam is one of the most popular travel destinations in the world, famous for its beautiful canals, top art museums and cycling culture.
Most visitors begin their Amsterdam adventure in the Old Centre, which is full of traditional architecture, shopping centers and coffee shops. Don't miss the Dam Square and the areas around Spui and Nieuwmarkt. You'll also want to check out Amsterdam's Museum Quarter in the South District，which is great for shopping and having a picnic in the Vondelpark, The top museums to visit are the Rijksmusuem, the Ann Frank House, and the Van Gogh Museum.
If You Have Time
There are several other unique districts in Amsterdam, and you should try to explore as many of them as time allows. The Canal Ring is a UNESCO World Heritage Site that was originally built to attract wealthy home owners and is a center for celebrity spotting and nightlife today. The Plantage area has most of the city's museums, including the Jewish Historical Museum，the Scheepvaart Museum，and the botanical gardens.
Travelers should be aware that Amsterdam Airport Schiphol is one of the busiest airports in the world. This airport is located about 15 kilometers southwest of city center. You can catch a train from Schiphol to Amsterdam Central Station, which has many connecting routes. It's typically not a good idea to drive a car to the city center because traffic is very busy and parking is difficult to find. Cycling is incredibly popular here, and it's easy to find cheap bike rentals around town. Amsterdam has a flat place and is a great city to explore on foot.
Amsterdam is a top destination for foodies，so it can incredibly difficult to narrow down your dining choices. You are sure to find a restaurant that suits your taste.
21. Which place do most visitors see first in Amsterdam?
A. The Old Center. B. The Dam Square,
C. Spui and Nieuwmarkt, D. The Museum Quarter.
22. What do we know about the Canal Ring?
A. It was built by rich people. B. It is a beautiful natural river,
C. Many famous people live here. D. Visitors here are all museum lovers.
23. How can you get to the city center from the airport?
A. By bike. B. By train,
C. By car. D. By bus.
Even if you've never been to Phoenix, you know this about the place： It’s hot. But that doesn't stop hikers from attempting the 1. 3-mile trek （跋涉）to the top of the city's famed Camelback Mountain. Signs warn that the trail is “extremely difficult, ” If you continue, a posted checklist suggests at least a liter of water per person. And if you keep climbing, another sign farther up declares； "If you're halfway through your water turn around!"
Unfortunately, many people do not pay attention to the warnings. Fortunately, Scott Cullymore does. The 53-year-old man hikes up and down Camelback a couple of times a day giving out cold bottles of water to worn-out hikers. He has helped so many hikers that he has earned a heavenly nickname： the Water Angel "I'd like a more manly name, but, you know, he told azfamily, com.
Cullymore was on Camelback Mountain one day in 2015 when a British tourist died after being lost for nearly six hours in the July heat. That experience inspired him to start helping people caught unaware by Arizona's unforgiving version of Mother Nature, "They underestimate the mountain, and they overestimate what they can do，and they get themselves in trouble," he told the Arizona Republic. If a hiker has a red face and is not sweating anymore, Cullymore reaches into his insulated （隔热的）backpack, pulls out a frosty bottle, and hands it to the person. "It's misleading that we’re in the middle of the city. You can die up here, and no one would know. "
One hiker who received Cullymore's water agrees. "You think you know the heat，but then you get out here in the desert and it surrounds you like a blanket," he said，pointing to Cullymore, “but we are lucky, we run into this good man here, ” And with that, the Water Angel goes in search of another hiker in need.
24. What is the purpose of the signs along the hike way?
A. To show the trek is difficult. B. To warn hikers to take enough water.
C. To frighten people to give up. D. To avoid hikers getting lost.
25. What does Scott Cullymone think of his nickname?
A. It's womanish. B. It's manly. C. It's ironic, D. It's appropriate.
26. Who will Scott offer his help to?
A. Anybody he meets. B. Those in the middle of the trek.
C. Anyone in need of water. D. Those who sweat a lot.
27. What can be the best title of this text?
A. A Desert-Like Mountain B. Fighting against Heat
C. Necessities for Hiking D. Water Angel
Lions are most successful at hunting animals during the darker period of the moon's cycle. But how those prey （猎物）respond to changing threats as the night's light changes throughout a month has been a mystery. Scientists spied on four of the lions' favorite prey species for several years. They fixed 225 cameras across an area. When animals came by，the cameras responded by taking their pictures.
The prey --- wildebeests（角马），zebras, gazelles （瞪羚）and buffalo --- are all plant eaters. To meet their food needs, such species must searching for food frequently, even at night. The cameras showed that these species respond to changing risks across the lunar cycle in different ways.
Common wildebeests, which make up a third of the lion's diet, were the most sensitive to the lunar cycle. These animals appeared to set their plans for the entire night based on the moon's change. During the darkest period of the month, they'd park themselves in a safe area. But as the nights got brighter, wildebeests were more willing to venture into places where run-ins with lions were likely.
Weighing as much as 900 kilograms, the African buffalo are a lion's most tough prey. They also were least likely to change where and when they searched for food throughout the lunar cycle. But as nights got darker, the buffalo were more likely to form herds （兽群）.
Plain zebras and gazelles also changed their evening routines with the lunar cycle. But unlike the other prey these animals reacted more directly to changing light levels across an evening. Gazelles were more active after the moon had come up. Zebras were sometimes up and about and doing things before the moon had risen.
These behaviors show the wide-reaching effects of moonlight. It offers a very clear example of how the presence or absence of the moon can have fundamental, ecosystem-level impacts.
28. What can we infer from the first paragraph?
A. Lions are excellent night hunters. B. How lions hunt has always been a mystery.
C. Moonlight is a threat to the lion's prey. D. Lion's prey likes hunting for food at night
29. What do wildebeests usually do when there is no moon at night?
A. Look for food. B. Wander in the filed
C. Stay in a safe place. D. Explore dangerous places.
30. How do buffalo deal with the risk from lions when it is darker? .
A. They stay still at a place, B. They troop to search food.
C. They ignore the lion. D. They change places frequently,
31. Which part of the site might this article come from?.
A. Food. B. Animal C. Astronomy. D. Environment.
Printed circuit boards are vital components of modern electronics. However, once they have served their purpose, they are often burned or buried in landfills, polluting the air, soil and water. Most concerning are the flame retardants （阻燃剂）added to printed circuit boards to keep them from catching fire. Now, researchers reporting in ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering have developed a ball-milling method to break down these potentially harmful compounds enabling safer disposal （处理）.
Composed of 30% metallic and 70% nonmetallic particles, printed circuit boards support and connect all of the electrical components of a device. Metallic components can be recovered from circuit boards easily using traditional methods leaving behind nonmetallic particles including those flame retardants and other additives. Scientists have found that compounds in those flame retardants can do harm to people's health, especially to those women who are pregnant. Therefore researchers have been wanting to develop a new method to remove the flame retardants from waste printed circuit boards so that they wouldn't do harm to people and the environment.
The researchers broke down printed circuit boards and removed the metallic components. Then，they put the nonmetallic particles into a ball mill — a rotating （旋转的）machine that uses hard stone balls to make materials into very small pieces. They also added iron powder, which prior studies had shown was helpful for removing chemicals from organic compounds. After ball-milling, the harmful chemicals on the surface of the particles had decreased by 50%・ The researchers determined that during the ball-milling process, iron transferred electrons to flame retardant compounds causing the internal structure to stretch and break.
The authors acknowledge funding from the 111 Project, the Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province, China and the Pearl River Star of Science and Technology.
32. People are concerned most about the flame retardants because
A. they are harmful and hard to remove B. they keep circuit boards from catching fire
C. they make up the largest part in electronics D. they are mixed up with other components
33. What is the function of the printed circuit board?
A. Making electronics small and light. B Preventing electronics catching fire.
C. Connecting all electrical components, D. Allowing easy disposal after being used,
34. What does the author mainly intend to tell us in paragraph 3?
A. How to operate the ball milk B. The ball-milling process and its result.
C. The high efficiency of the new method. D. Why iron powder is added to the process.
35. What can we infer from the last paragraph?
A. The authors are short of money. B .Over 100 projects support the authors,
C. The researchers will make much money. D. The ball-milling method is promising.
How to Order Coffee at Starbucks
Learning how to order coffee at Starbucks can be tricky, and if you think that ordering coffee at Starbucks is confusing, you are not alone.
36 .Things move quickly as their employees try to serve customers as efficiently as possible. Orders are generally taken at one of the cash registers. You will be asked for your first name, which you should state clearly. 37 . Don't be offended if they spell your name incorrectly. People who have unique or hard — to — spell names will sometimes use an easy “Starbucks” name when ordering, like Mike or Amy.
38 . Their terms for size are： Tall, Grande, Venti, and Trenta. Although if you order a small, medium, large, or extra-large drink they will still understand you.
For ordering basic coffee, beyond specifying the size you want, you will need to tell the server whether you want regular or decaffeinated （脱去咖啡因的）coffee.39 . If you intend to add cream or milk to your coffee, say with room for cream, or simply, with room. If you want a full cup, say no room. Read the list above the counter ahead of time, because they may not ask you which you would like. 40 .
When you order, say the size you want first, then give the name of the drink, and finally add the special instructions last.
A. Starbucks is often a very busy place
B. Starbucks offers all kinds of coffee
C. Otherwise， they will assume that you want regular
D. Sometimes they will write your name in short forms
E. The ordering process is complicated because they use terms to describe drink size
F. Finally, if you are very particular about the freshness of your coffee, ask in advance
G. Your name will immediately be written on your cup and called out when, your drink is ready
In the late 1990s，I came across an individual with my same last name of Boyter. As you probably already know, Boyter isn't that common of a 41
We sat and 42 for several hours that day. As we talked I couldn't help but notice how his general 43 and manner reminded me of my grandpa Boyter. He told a story of his 44 James Boyter who, in the 1870s, left Scotland and 45 the United States with his older brother Alexander.
According to our family 46 ， the two brothers got into 47 for hunting on royal land. So they escaped to the U. S with their family and 48 in the Southern Utah town.
I sat and 49 as this man told me this story. I kept 50 and held my excitement inside until he finished telling the story. I had heard that exact 51 story countlESS times at family gatherings all during my childhood. Now here was a complete “52” telling me this story. I 53 knew how we were related! He was 54 when I told him that I was a descendant （后代）of the older brother Alexander； my great-great grandfather Boyter.
55 the effort of life story preservation of the descendants of James Boyter, we 56 .where we came from. We should not forget to 57 stories of our brothers and sisters and other close family members into our own journals, 58 and autobiographies.
What we include in the account of our life story may make all the 59 in the world to your brother or sister's descendants generations from now. All because you 60 it in your own history!
41. A. name B. place C. word D. man
42.A. rested B. played C. talked D. waited
43. A. idea B. knowledge C. condition D. look
44. A. brother B. ancestor C. acquaintance D. name
45. A. traveled around B. returned to C. passed by D. came to
46.A. tree B. life C. story D. tradition
47. A. confusion B. debt C. trouble D. politics
48. A. settled B. suffered C. grew D. retired
49. A. laughed B. hesitated C. listened D. sighed
50. A. silent B. calm C. busy D. cautious
51. A. interesting B. meaningful C. same D. simple
52. A. storyteller B. stranger C. gentleman D. member
53. A. fortunately B. recently C. slowly D. immediately
54. A. worried B. regretted C. moved D. excited
55. A. Regardless of B. Rather than C. Thanks to D. As with
56. A. wonder B. know C. choose D. forget
57. A. include B. create C. change D. copy
58. A. fictions B. letters C. brochures D. diaries
59. A. choice B. difference C. money D. arrangement
60.A. read B. polished C. recorded D. found
If you have a cold, then it's time to learn some cold prevention techniques. You just need to learn and use some new behaviors 61 lifestyle habits every day.
Your best 62 (protect) from the common cold and flu is frequent hand washing. The simple act 63 occurs when you rub your skins while using warm water and soap can get rid of most 64 (potential) harmful germs.
While germs are often spread to others through household 65 (object) — telephones, door handles, toothbrushes, and tap handles — the 66 (big) transportation center for germs is your hands. That's why frequent hand washing gets rid of the illness-causing germs and 67 (help) to prevent the spread of some diseases.
As many as 56,000 people die from the flu or flu-like illness each year.68 simple act of hand washing
is the single most important means of preventing the spread of infections. Yet some studies show that many
Americans 69 (use) public restrooms don't wash their hands before leaving. People also forget 70 (wash) their hands before preparing meals and they have snacks without thinking of washing their hands beforehand. If you want to help prevent colds, just stop — and wash your hands.
I like reading novels, that has earned me the nickname “novel fan”. I like all kinds of novel and I read them whenever I have time. The stories always attract me when I went into them. Every time a novel is in my hand, I will forget to eat , sleep and even me. My mother is very worrying about me, so she makes a arrangement for my spare time. Sometime, when I am fascinated by the story in a novel, I will read it under my quilt to avoid discovered by my mother. But at recently, my eyesight has become poorer. I have decided to change my habit. I want to be health as well as knowledgeable.
假定你是李华，由于新冠病毒（COVII-19/nove1 coronavirus）爆发，你校决定推迟开学，请你给回国度假 的留学生Jack写封邮件，告知此事。内容包括：