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辽宁省葫芦岛市2020届高三英语下学期第二次模拟试题(Word版含答案)

2020年葫芦岛市普通高中高三第二次模拟考试
英 语
注意事项,
1.本试卷分四部分,满分:150分,考试时何:120分仲.
2.答题前,考生务必将自己的姓名、考号填写在答题卡上.
3.选出每小趨答案后,用铅笔把答題卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黒,如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其它答案标号.不能答在本试卷上,否则无效.
第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)
第一节 (共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)
听下面5段对话.每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出 最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置.听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关 小题和阅读下一小题.每段对话仅读一遍.
1.    What will the woman probably do?
A. Take a long walk.               B. Take a good rest               C. Go to the country.
2.    What book has the woman bought?
A. A music book.    B. An English book.    C. A history book.
3.    What is the man going to do?
A. Take another flight    B. Give the ticket to someone.    C. Catch the plane at 6:00.
4.    What does the woman mean?
A.    They should buy a new typewriter.
B.    They should find a new place for the typewriter.
C.    They should find a better typist.
5.    What are the two speakers talking about?
A. The study plan.                 B. The school plan.                   C. The vacation plan.
第二节 (共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)
听下面5段对话或独白。毎段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置.听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间 阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟:听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间.每段对话 或独白读两遍。
听第6段材料,回答第6至第7题.
6.    Why did the woman stop her car suddenly?
A.    The man’s car hit her car.
B.    A small child ran in front of her car.
C.    The traffic lights turned red.
7.    What would happen if the man got another ticket?
A.    He would pay a lot of money for the damage.
B.    He would lose his job.
C.    He would lose his driver's license.
听第7段材料,回答第8至第10题。
8.    When did the woman get to Canada?
A.    Several days ago.    B. Last month.    C. Last September.
9.    What’s the meaning of moonlighting?
A.    A kind of lamp.    B. A second job.    C. A kind of toy.
10.    How much does it cost the woman to get to the Pacific Hotel?
A. $17.25.    B. $70.25.    C. $71.52.
听笫8段材料,回答第11至第14题.
11.    What do we know about the man's neighbour?
A.    He’s sleeping now.
B.    fie will have to get up early tomorrow.
C.    He’s making noise.
12.    What were the man and his friends doing?
A.    They were having a rest.
B.    They were having a birthday party.
C.    They were having a celebration.
13.    What were the man and his friends about to do?
A.    End their activity.
B.    Leave where they were.
C.    Apologize to their neighbour.
14.    Where does the conversation probably take place?
A. In a hotel.    B. At home.    C. In the manager s office.
听第9段材料,回答第15至第17题.
15.    How does the man fee! about David's way of sleeping?
A. It's harmful.    B. It’s strange.    C. It’s the best.
16.    How many hours does David sleep a day?
A. Four.    B. Six.    C. Seven.
17. What does the man mean at the end of the conversation?
A.    People should develop a habit like David’s.
B.    People need longer hours of sleep.
C.    People have different sleeping habits.
听第10段材料,回答第18至第20题.
18. What were the professors doing?
A. They were talking.    B. They were reading. C. They were sleeping.
19.    Why did the other two professors come to the railway station?
A.    To catch the train.
B.    To say goodbye to Professor Egghead.
C.    To meet Professor Egghead.
20.    What do we learn about these professors?
A. They are serious.    B. They are helpful.    C. They arc absent-minded.
第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节 (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并 在答题卡上将该项涂黑.
A
When you're having a hard time with your homework or when you're preparing for your term paper, these student-focused websites can help you with just about anything you need. The key to getting the most out of these online resources is to know how they can best be used to your advantage.
Facebook
Although Facebook can be one of your biggest time-wasters and distractions when you are supposed to be getting work done, it can also be one of your most valuable resources. Most of your classmates will probably have a Facebook account, so anyone you need to connect with about a class you missed or about a problem is usually just a few clicks away.
Amazon, com
Do you finish every term with many expensive textbooks you will never open again? Instead of letting the money spent go to waste, get back some of your cash by selling your books on Amazon.
RateMyProfesSors.com
Choosing new classes can sometimes be like trying to pick out your clothes in the dark, a total guessing game. Which teacher gives out the hardest problem sets? How much homework will that history professor give you every week? At RateMyProfessors. com, students all over the country rate their professors on quality, helpfulness, and how hard their classes are.
Wikipedia
While Wikipedia isn't aimed specifically at students, it is difficult to think of another website that does more to reduce the pain of paper writing and researching. Wikipedia gives you a quick way to find sources and get the details of almost any topic you need to research— all without walking to the library.
21.    The passage was mainly written to                       .
A. explain some websites for parents      B. offer some websites that may help students
C. compare some educational websites   D. introduce different parts of a website
22.    While you are taking great pains to write a research report,    can most probably
be a help.
A. Facebook   B. Amazon.com      C. RateMyPorfessors. com     D. Wikipedia
23.    RateMyPorfessors. com is a place    .
A.    where you can make friends all over the country
B.    where you can communicate with your professors
C.    that gives you information about professors in advance
D. that gives tips on how to get along with your professors
B
Every man wants his son to be somewhat of a clone, not in features but in footsteps. As he grows you also age, and your ambitions become more unachievable. You begin to realize that your boy, in your footsteps, could probably accomplish what you hoped for. But footsteps can be muddied and they can go off in different directions.
My son Jody has hated school since day one in kindergarten. Science projects waited until the last moment. Book reports weren't written until the final threat.
I've been a newspaperman all my adult life. My daughter is a university graduate working toward her master's degree in English. But Jody? When he entered the tenth grade he became a "vo-tech" student (技校学生).They're called "motorheads” by the rest of the student body.
When a secretary in my office first called him ''motorhead", I was shocked. "Hey, he's a good kid," I wanted to say. “And smart, really.”
I learned later that motorheads are, indeed, different. They usually have dirty hands and wear dirty work clothes. And they don't often make school honor rolls (光荣榜).
But being the parent of a motorhead is itself an experience in education. We who labor in clean shirts in offices don't have the abilities that motorheads have. I began to learn this when I had my car crashed. The cost to repair it was estimated at $800. "Hey, I can fix it," said Jody. I doubted it, but let him go ahead, for I had nothing to lose.
My son, with other motorheads, fixed the car. They got parts from a junkyard, and ability from vo-tech classes. The cost was $25 instead of $800.
Since that first repair job, a broken air-conditioner, a non-functioning washer and a non-toasting toaster have been fixed. Neighbors and co-workers trust their car repairs to him.
These kids are happiest when doing repairs. They joke and laugh and are living in their own relaxed world. And their minds are bright despite their dirty hands and clothes.
I have learned a lot from my motorhead: publishers need printers, engineers need mechanics, and architects need builders. Most importantly, I have learned that fathers don't need clones in footsteps or anywhere else.
My son may never make the school honor roll. But he made mine.
24.    What used to be the author's hope for his son?
A. To avoid becoming his clone.               B. To resemble him in appearance.
C. To develop in a different direction.       D. To reach the author's unachieved goals.
25.    What can we learn about the author's children?
A. His daughter does better in school.       B. His daughter has got a master's degree.
C. His son tried hard to finish homework.    D. His son couldn't write his book reports.
26.    The author let his son repair the car because he believed that    .
A. his son had the ability to fix it.             B. it would save him much time.
C. it wouldn't cause him any more loss    D. other motorheads would come to help.
27.    What did the author realize in the end?
A.    It is unwise to expect your child to follow your path.
B.    It is important for one to make the honor roll.
C.    Architects play a more important role than builders.
D.    Motorheads have greater ability than office workers.
C
The crocodile (鳄鱼)is an amazing animal. Why are they amazing? Crocodiles are experts
at survival. Scientists say they first appeared 200 million years ago and have lived longer than the dinosaurs by some 65 million years. One reason why they are such good survivors is that they can go for a very long time without eating. And they are expert hunters! They use their strong jaws to bite their prey (猎物)and then they swallow food whole. Another amazing fact about crocodiles is: When they lose a tooth, they grow one right back. A crocodile can go through 8,000 teeth in one lifetime!
While these facts are interesting, they really do not help to explain today's expression: crocodile tears. Simply put, crocodile tears are fake sadness. You pretend to cry and feel bad or something when in fact you could not care less. A great word to describe crocodile tears is insincere.
The expression "crocodile tears” comes from an old story that crocodiles would cry tears as a fake show of guilt or sorrow to trick their prey. The prey would come closer and then become dinner. We know now that the story is not true. Scientists explain that crocodiles do produce tears. That is because while eating, they swallow too much air; which gets in touch with lachrymal glands (glands that produce tears) and forces tears to flow. But they're not actually crying. Crying is purely emotional and is reserved for us humans.
When you use it, take some advice. You do not have to have actual tears flowing down your face to have "crocodile tears”. Sometimes, crocodile tears are worse than insincere. Those are the times when you are showing sadness but actually in your heart, you are quite happy about the situation.
28. How does the author mainly show that crocodiles are amazing?
A. By telling stories.    B. By giving examples.
C. By conducting experiments.    D. By making comparisons.
29.    "Crocodile tears" is often said to a person who    .
A. has some insincere friends    B. faces sorrowful situations
C. shows unreal sadness    D. cares little about others
30.    Why does a crocodile produce tears according to scientists?
A. The flow of its tears makes it appealing.      B. It pretends to be guilty to trick its prey.
C. It wants to show its emotional feelings.    D. The way it eats forces its tears to flow.
31.    What is the best title for the text?
A. An Expression—"Crocodile Tears"            B. What Crocodiles Actually Cry for
C. Unknown Facts About Crocodiles            D. How Crocodiles Show Sadness
D
Young sunflowers turn and swing every day. New findings add to evidence that the plants are animal-like.
Harmer, a professor in the University of California at Davis' Department of Plant Biology, carried out a series of experiments on sunflowers in the field, in pots outdoors and in indoor growth rooms.
By staking plants so that they could not move, Hanner showed that he could destroy their ability to track the sun. He also noticed that sunflowers prevented from moving were not as tough and leafy as those that were free to move. When plants were moved indoor with a settled overhead light, they continued to swing back and forth for a few days.
The indoor plants did start tracking the “sun” again when the apparent source of lighting was moved across the room. The plants could reliably track the movement and return at night when the artificial day was close to a 24-hour cycle, but not when it was closer to 30 hours.
When sunflowers track the sun, the east sides of their stems grew more rapidly than the west sides. At night, the west sides grew faster as the stem swung the other way. The team identified a number of genes that were expressed at higher levels on the sunward side of the plant during the day, or on the other side at night. A plant growth-regulating hormone (荷尔蒙), called auxin, appears to be a key driver.
The "dance” to the sun cycle obviously slows when the sunflower matures and its flowers open up. At that point, the plants stop moving during the day and settle down facing the sun in the east.
"Bees like warm flowers?" Harmer said, adding that the bees are cold-blooded, so landing on a warm flower saves them energy and perhaps feels really good.
"The morning warmth changes the flowers in a way to make them more appealing to insects, perhaps causing them to release more attractive scents (香味)earlier in the day.** he said. "We're currently testing this idea."
32.    Why did Harmer do the experiment on sunflowers?
A.    To see how sunflowers grow up.
B.    To show what sunflowers' genes are.
C.    To study why sunflowers track the sun.
D.    To check if sunflowers swing in cloudy days.
33.    What does the underlined word "staking" probably mean in Paragraph 3?
A. Tracking.    B. Fixing.    C. Growing.    D. Researching.
34.    What is the result of sunflowers being stopped from moving?
A.    They won't grow well.
B.    They will grow faster than usual.
C.    They won't swing back though set free.
D.    They will produce a number of new genes.
35.    What is the advantage of sunflowers’ dance to the sun?
A. They save more energy.      B. They produce more flowers.
C. They mature more rapidly.     D. They attract more insects.
第二节(共5小题:每小题2分,满分10分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项.选项中有两项为 多余选项.
How to Put on a Medical Mask
Medical masks are mainly used by health care professionals to protect themselves and others. The masks can prevent the spread of infectious diseases. During a bad disease outbreak, that the public wear masks to protect themselves is also recommended. Here are some steps to wearing a mask properly.
Clean your hands. Before touching a clean medical mask, wash your hands thoroughly with both soap and water. Once you've applied soap, you should rub your hands together to wash them for at least 20 seconds. Always use a clean paper towel to dry your hands. 36  
Check the medical mask for imperfections. Once you've taken a new medical mask from the box, check it to ensure it doesn't contain any imperfections, holes or tears in the material. 37.
Orient (确定方向)the top of the mask properly. In order for the mask to fit as close to your skin as possible, the top portion of the mask will have a bendable, but stiff edge that can be shaped around your nose. Ensure this bendable side is facing upwards before applying the mask to your face.
38   The inside of most medical masks is white in colour, while the outside has a colour of some sort. Before applying the mask to your face, make sure the white side is facing towards your face.
Place the mask on your face. There are many types of medical masks available, each with different methods of attaching the mask to your head. 39   Pick up this type of mask by the loops (环),put one loop around one ear and then put the other loop around your other ear. If it is a mask with ties, pick up the mask by the upper ties, place the ties around the back of your head and attach them together with a bow.
40   Now that the medical mask is in place on your head and face, use your fingers to make the top edge of the mask around the bridge of your nose. If it is big enough, cover it over your chin.
A.    Hold the mask in front of your face.
B.    These masks are generally somewhat loose fitting.
C.    Ensure the proper side of the mask faces outwards.
D.    Adjust the nose piece and fit the mask to your face.
E.    Don't forget to place that paper towel into a dustbin.
F.    Some masks have 2 ear loops on either side of the mask.
G If the mask has something wrong, throw it away and select another new mask from the box.
第三部分 语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入 空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑.
Tim Cook is both blind and deaf. And try 41 they might, staff on a recent flight just couldn't figure out how to 42    with the man, who was traveling all alone.
But then, a 15-year-old girl used 43   language and genuine compassion (关爱)to save the day. Teenager Clara Daly was 44   with her mother Jane from Boston to Los Angeles when the flight attendants made a(n) 45   over the speaker. They were 46 anyone onboard who knew sign language.
Clara 47 the call button, as she'd studied a year of American Sign Language in school. She was the only one on the plane 48 of truly communicating with Tim, and her heart went out to him.
“49 six hours of just not being able to talk to anyone,” she said.
Clara knelt down alongside Mr. Cook and used fingerspelling to talk to him, which is where she sign each 50   in every word. This way, Tim could 51  Clara's hands and they could communicate. First, Clara helped the flight attendants ensure all of Tim's needs were 52   . Then, she spent the rest of the time just 53   with him.
Together, they shared 54   about their families and Clara's future plans, while Clara learned about Tim's past as a salesman.
A nearby passenger named Lynette Scribner couldn't 55   taking a photo and sharing it on social media. She mentioned how 56   she was to have witnessed such incredible compassion.
After writing about Clara's real-life act of 57   on social media, Lynette's post took off  In fact, it has since been shared over 730,000 times on US social media platform Facebook.
The 58   teen was quick to point out that she just did what any one of us should do when given the 59    : help out
"Everyone should just be 60        each other just because that's the nature of people," Clara
said.    
41. A. when    B. while    C. although    D. as
42. A. cooperate    B. connect    C. communicate    D. meet
43. A. sign    B. oral    C. written    D. live
44. A. shopping    B. traveling    C. working    D. staying
45. A. forecast    B. effort    C. suggestion    D. announcement
46. A. looking for    B. waiting for    C. standing by    D. sending to
47. A. picked    B. fixed    C. hit    D. made
48. A. afraid    B. capable    C. aware    D. fond
49. A. Notice    B. Predict    C. Describe    D. Imagine
50. A. symbol    B. mark    C. letter    D. word
51. A. feel    B. see    C. shake    D. move
52. A. admitted    B. met    C. proved    D. recognized
53. A. chatting    B. dealing    C. playing    D. joking
54. A. songs    B. thought    C. sorrow    D. stories
55. A. consider    B. miss    C. resist    D. stop
56. A. satisfied    B. amazed    C. nervous    D. doubtful
57. A. politeness    B. bravery    C. patience    D. kindness
58. A. thankful    B. humorous    C. proud    D. brave
59. A. change    B. opportunity    C. right    D. honour
60. A. believing    B. accepting    C. helping    D. understanding
            
第二节(共10小题 每小题1.5分,满分15分)
注意:将答案写在答题卡上.写在本试卷上无效.
阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式.
The mascot (吉祥物)for the Beijing 2022 Winter Olympic Games 61 ( show) to the public at Beijing's Shougang Ice Hockey Arena on September 17th, 2019. The name of the mascot is "Bing Dwen Dwen", which is 62 (close) associated with the host nation's culture.    
The image of it is designed based 63 the giant panda. 64 (dress) in a full body suit of ice, a symbol of purity and 65 (strong), the panda wears a helmet with colored halo (光环).The lines of the halo represent the snow 66 (track) and 5G technology. The heart shape in its left palm represents the host country's hospitality.
The name "Bing Dwen Dwen" is a 67 (combine) of several meanings in the Chinese language. "Bing" is the Chinese character for ice, while "Dwen Dwen" is 68 common nickname (绰号)in China for children that implies the healthiness and cuteness.
The mascot perfectly combines the best elements and characteristics of China to show China's warm invitation to friends from all over the world. It is also designed 69 (promote) the Olympic spirit There is no doubt 70 it will be a wonderful ambassador for China and the Beijing 2022 Winter Olympic Games.
第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题I分,满分10分)
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文 中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处.错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改.
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧)),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉.
修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
My friend David wanted to buy his mother for a Christmas present. When Christmas was
around the comer, he took $ 20.00 out of his banks account and went to a shop to look for
perfect gift. Sudden he saw a beautiful brooch (胸针),that was in the shape of his favourite pet. He bought it and wrap the present in Christmas paper and then placed them under the Christmas tree. He felt excite and he was looking forward to Christmas morning to seeing the joy on his mother's face. And when his mother opened the present, she screamed with fear because she saw a spider.
第二节 书面表达(满分25分)
为响应我市全面创建国家卫生城市的号召,学校学生会开展了以“绿色城市,健康生 活”为主题的英语征文活动.请你以"Green City, the Healthy Lift”为题,根据所给提示, 用英语写一篇短文。
主题    绿色城市,健康生活
做法    绿色出行,减少空气污染;垃圾处理,保持城市整洁:多种树木, 保护自然环境……
观点    

注意:
1.    词数100左右,短文开头己给出,不计入总词数;
2.    可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
The Green City, the Healthy Life
As a citizen of Huludao City, it's our duty to                                                                     .   
                                                                                                                                                  .
                                                                                                                                                 .
                                                                                                                                                 .
                                                                                                                                                 .
                                                                                                                                                 .



























葫芦岛市2020年普通高中高三第二次模拟考试
英语参考答案
听力1—5 BBACC           6—10 BCCBA    11—15 BCAAB         16—20 ACABC
阅读理解
21—23 BDC     24—27 DACA    28—31 BCDA   32—35 CBAD   36—40 EGCFD
完形填空      
41—45 DCABD   46—50 ACBDC     51—55 ABADC    56—60 BDABC
语法填空
61. was shown        62. closely        63. on        64. Dressed        65. strength   
66. tracks            67. combination    68. a            69. to promote        70. that
短文改错
My friend David wanted to buy his mother for a Christmas present. When Christmas was  around the corner, he took $ 20.00 out of his banks account and
bank
went to a shop to look for∧ perfect gift. Sudden he saw a beautiful brooch (胸针),
a                     Suddenly  
that was in the shape of his favourite pet. He bought it and wrap the present in
which                                                                                   wrapped    
Christmas paper and then placed them under the Christmas tree. He felt
                                                       it                                            
excite and he was looking forward to Christmas morning to seeing the joy on his
 excited                                                                                      see
mother’s face. And when his mother opened the present, she screamed with fear
But
because she saw a  spider.
书面表达
The Green City, the Healthy Life
    As a citizen of Huludao City, it’s our duty to help protect our city’s environment and make it a greener place to live in. Here are some small things we all can do and should do:
First of all, we can ride bicycles to and from school as much as possible to reduce air pollution. Secondly, wherever we go, we should throw rubbish into rubbish bins to keep our city clean and tidy. Last but not least, we should plant more trees to protect our city’s natural environment.
    In my opinion, a green city is the key to a healthy life. If everyone makes a contribution to building a green city, Huludao will become a more beautiful place. Let’s take action now!


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版权声明:以上文章中所选用的图片及文字来源于网络以及用户投稿,由于未联系到知识产权人或未发现有关知识产权的登记,

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