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辽宁省沈阳市东北育才学校2020届高三英语第八次模拟试题(Word版含答案)

东北育才学校高中部2020届高三第八次模拟考试
英语科试卷
第一部分:听力
第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题;从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
1. What does the woman often do in her spare time?
A. She plays the guitar.        B. She learns languages.    C. She gives some classes.
2. What does the man mean?
A. The snow will stop soon.
B. He isn’t surprised at the weather.
C. It doesn't often snow so heavily here.
3. How does Mike probably feel now?
A. Anxious.                    B. Excited.            C Disappointed.
4. What’s wrong with the man?
A. He suffers from pains in his chest.
B. He has difficulty quitting smoking.
C. He has been coughing for ten days.
5. When did the man arrive here?
A. At 4: 30 am.                B. At 8:30 am.            C. At 9:30 am.

第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)
听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听下面一段对话,回答第6和第7两个小题。
6. How old is Bob?
A. 35 years old.                B. 30 years old.         C. 26 years old.
7. What are the speakers mainly talking about?
A. The pressure of modern life.
B. Family relationships in the future.
C. Modern people's views of marriage.
听下面一段对话,回答第8和第9两个小题。
8. What do many people do on Day of Saint Anthony?
A. Get their pets blessed.
B. Attend a fancy dress party.
C. Show love to homeless animals.
9. Where will the woman go tomorrow?
A. The beach.                B. The animal shelter.        C. The church.
听下面一段对话,回答第10至第12三个小题
10.Who is TutoTod especially designed for?
A. Parents.                    B. Kids.                    C. Teachers.
l1.What did Alice like doing?
A. Creating simple things.        B. Playing video games.        C. Watching TV
12. What does the man decide to do in the end?
A. Download Tuto Tod.        B. Buy some supplies.        C. Go to the bookstore
听下面一段对话,回答第13至第16四个小题。
13. Why is the man going to China?
A. To take a holiday.            B. To have a business trip.    C. To receive some training.
14. What is Patricia Polacco?
A. A soldier.                B. A writer.                C. A teacher.
15 Which book is based on the authors own life experience?
A. Pink and Say.            B. The Blessing Cup.            C. Thank You, Mr Falker.
16. What will the woman do for the man?
A. Read some stories.        B Lend him some books.        C. Make him some tea.
听下面一段独白,回答第17至第20四个小题。
17. What are the nets designed to do?
A. Reduce the dust.        B. Prevent a disease.            C. Catch mosquitoes.
18. What did the WHO find about the nets?
A. They were not provided widely.
B. They were easy to kill fish.
C. They were efficient.
19. What can we say about this fishing approach?
A. It’ easy.                B. It's difficult.                    C. It's costly.
20. What can the nets lead to?
A. Decreasing numbers of fish.
B. Fishermen’s poor health.
C. Severe pollution in rivers.

第二部分:阅读理解(共20小题, 每小题2分, 满分40分)
第一节(共15小题;每小题2分, 满分30分)
阅读下列短文,从每篇短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A
The Walkmeter Walking & Hiking GPS has characteristics that are excellent for fitness walkers who want to improve their speed and distance. It uses your phone's GPS to measure the distance of your walks and hikes. It includes audio and voice integration(集成)so you can not only be informed of your workout statistics, but you can also listen to replies your friends send about your workout posts from Facebook and Twitter while you walk. Upgrading is less than $10 per year, far less than with some other apps, such as Endomondo.
Argus packs a lot into one lifestyle app. It functions as an all-day pedometer app. Your daily step count updates from your phone and includes active time, distance, calories, steps. and an hourly graph, It can also measure your heart rate at any time. You can easily take your heart rate during exercise and at rest. Besides, you can use the app’s food diary and sleep timer. A wide range of fitness and diet plans are also provided on it.
Charity Miles gives your walking a purpose, because it turns your exercise into donations to a certain cause, which offers a fresh donating means. Open up this free app(iOS or Google Play)and choose a charity. Start a workout, choosing walking, running, or cycling. For each completed mile, you’ll have earned a donation for your chosen charity. The basic rate is 25 cents for walking and running miles and 10 cents for cycling miles, subject to a periodic cap(最高限额). When you finish your walking, you must post to Facebook or Twitter to earn money for your charity.
21. What can users do with the Walkmeter Walking & Hiking GPS while exercising?
A. Upgrade the app for $10.                    B. Check comments of friends.
C. Reply to friends’ posts online.                D. Make personalized fitness plans.
22. What is special about Charity Miles?
A. It measures your heart rate.                    B. It can earn you money.
C. It offers a new way of donating.                D. It is connected to social software,
23. Where is the text probably taken from?
A. A website on app ratings.                    B. An online fitness course.
C. A medical report.                            D. An advertisement for phones.
B
Has the volume in a restaurant ever made you finish your meal early? If so, you're not alone. Restaurants handle diners in various ways to influence food choices and consumption, from lighting to menu to server presentation. Unfortunately for those headache-prone restaurant goers, some places also choose to turn up the tunes and the background noise.
Chef Mario Batali is often blamed for the phenomenon of very loud or noisy restaurants in the 1990s, when he decided to flood the dining room with the same loud tunes he was playing in his kitchen. And other chefs followed suit. Some restaurateurs felt a "livelier" atmosphere encouraged more customers to dine there, and a side "benefit" was quicker table turnover, thus increasing the number of people who could dine in a specific evening.
A 1985 study out of Fairfield University looked at how chewing speed varied according to the type of music being played. Although the volume level was kept the same for both musical situations, it's important to note that fast-tempo (节奏) music often gives the impression of being louder than slower music.
"A significant increase in the number of bites per minute was found, and the effect was largest for fast music," the researchers wrote in the study. So, the faster, louder music gets people to down their food more quickly, relieving the table for future customers.
There are opinions about whether or not this is a sound practice. "A restaurant that places profit above dining experience often plays loud music with a fast tempo that puts diners under pressure to eat more quickly, even if that means they're less able to enjoy their meal," writes Dr. Neel Burton in Psychology Today, adding that loud, fast music reduces appetite.
What's more, some would-be repeat diners will shy away for fear of another very loud meal. The non-profit group Action on Hearing Loss found in a 2016 survey of nearly 1,500 people that 91% of those who view a restaurant as too noisy would choose not to return.
24. Why did some bosses of the restaurants favour loud music?
A. It might help attract more customers.
B. It was the favorite kind of music of them.
C. It made the restaurants softer and sweeter.
D. It could increase the popularity of their chefs.
25. What plays the most important role in the effect of music on diners according to the passage?
A. Its content.            B. Its length.            C. Its speed.        D. Its quality.
26. What is Dr. Neel Burton's attitude towards flooding restaurants with noisy music?
A. Doubtful.            B. Disapproving.        C. Positive.        D. Objective.
27. What could be a suitable tile for the text?
A. What People Think of Loud Restaurants?
B. Are Customers to Blame?
C. How Restaurants Improve Themselves?
D. Does Loud Music Really Benefit Restaurants?
C
I was 16 years old the day I skipped school for the first time. It was easily done: Both my parents left for work before my school bus arrived on weekdays, so when it showed up at my house on that cold winter morning, I simply did not get on. The perfect crime!
And what did I do with myself on that glorious stolen day, with no adult in charge and no limits on my activities? Did I get high? Hit the mall for a shoplifting extravaganza (狂欢)?
Nope. I built a warm fire in the wood stove, prepared a bowl of popcorn, grabbed a blanket, and read. I was thrilled and transported by a book—it was Hemingway’s The Sun Also Rises—and I just needed to be alone with it for a little while. I ached to know what would happen to Jake Barnes and Lady Brett Ashley and Robert Cohn. I couldn’t bear the thought of sitting in a classroom taking another biology exam when I could be traveling through Spain in the 1920s with a bunch of expatriates (异乡客).
I spent that day lost in words. Time fell away, as the room around me turned to mist, and my role—as a daughter, sister, teenager, and student—in the world no longer had any meaning. I had accidentally come across the key to perfect happiness: I had become completely absorbed by something I loved.
Looking back on it now, I can see that some subtle things were happening to my mind and to my life while I was in that state of absorption. Hemingway’s language was quietly braiding itself into my imagination. I was downloading information about how to create simple and elegant sentences, a good and solid plot. In other words, I was learning how to write. Without realizing it, I was hot on the trail of my own fate. Writing now absorbs me the way reading once did and happiness is their generous side effect.
28. Why did the author skip school on that day?
A. Because her parents left home early.    B. Because it was a cold winter morning.
C. Because she was fascinated by a novel.    D. Because she hated to take the biology exam.
29. What did the author think is the source of true joy?
A. Reading by the fire.                B. Travelling in Spain.
C. Breaking the regulations.            D. Being occupied by one’s passion.
30. Which can best replace the underlined phrase “braiding itself into” in the last paragraph?
A. Entering.            B. Destroying.        C. Mending.        D. Blocking.
31. What can we infer from the passage?
A. I was tired of my real-life roles.
B. I learnt how to write on the internet.
C. Hemingway skipped school when he was young.
D. Becoming a writer was my childhood dream.
D
The chief problem in dealing with foreign motorists is not so much remembering that they are different from you, but that they are largely variable. Cross a frontier(边境) without adjusting and you can be in deep trouble.
One of the greatest gulfs separating the driving nations is the Atlantic Ocean. Or rather, it is the mental distance between the European and the American motorist, particularly the South American motorist. Compare, for example, an English driver at a set of traffic lights with a Brazilian.
Very rarely will an Englishman try to anticipate(预先准备) the green light by moving off. You will find the occasional someone who watches for the yellow light to come up on the set of lights. However, he will not go until he receives the lawful signal. Brazilians view the thing quite differently. If, in fact, they see traffic lights, they regard them as a kind of roadside decoration.
The natives of North America are much more disciplined. They show this in their addiction to driving in one lane(车道) and sticking to it—even if it means settling behind some great truck for many miles.
To prevent other drivers from falling into wrong ways, American motorists try always to stay close behind the vehicle in front which can make it impossible to make a real lane change. European visitors are always falling into this trap. They return to the Old World still waving their arms in disappointment because while driving in the State in their cars they kept failing to get off the highway when they wanted to and were swept along to the next city.
However, one nation above all others lives cautiously by its traffic regulations — the Swiss. In Switzerland, if you were simply to anticipate a traffic light, the chances are that the motorist behind you would take your number and report you to the police. There are slight regional variations among the French, German and Italian speaking areas, but it is generally safe to assume that any car bearing a CH sticker will be driven with a high degree of discipline.
32. How do American drivers behave on the road according to the passage?
A. They run the red light sometimes.
B. They drive close behind other drivers.
C. They care little about the traffic light.
D. They start their car at the yellow light.
33. Which people take the traffic light most seriously?
A. The Swiss.                           B. The Brazilians.
C. The English.                          D. The French.
34. The passage is mainly developed by ____.
A. analyzing causes                        B. describing changes
C. making comparisons                     D. pointing out similarities
35. Which part of a newspaper is the passage probably taken from?
   A. Culture.            B. Business.        C. Entertainment.        D. Geography.

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。选项中有两项为多余选项。
The world is full of distractions. Unfortunately, the world also requires us to work. Coping with the first while still doing enough of the second is … sorry, where am I?
Ah, yes, the world is full of distractions. If you work in an office, it might be emails, phone calls or colleagues with questions to ask. If you are at home, it might be the contents of the fridge or dust mites (尘螨) under the sofa. Sometimes it takes even less. If you are sitting and doing work and someone near you says something particularly interesting, that can pull your focus.    36   
So, how can we stay focused in our wandering minds?    37    And put your smartphone and other irrelevant screens away—they attract our attention even if they are off. If you tend to pop on headphones and use music to shut out distractions, avoid listening to anything familiar. Knowing the words or tune well will distract you even more.
   38    If you are doing something repetitive like stuffing envelopes or laying bricks, being distracted by listening to music or a podcast or engaging in a conversation with a co-worker can ultimately boost productivity.    39    Jihae Shin, now at the university of Wisconsin-Madison, has found that when people played Minesweeper for five minutes before coming up with new business ideas, they were more creative than those who didn’t play.
   40    In general, this is the enemy of productivity: it encourages mistakes, stops us from completing things, promotes forgetfulness and lowers the quality of writing. But when we are trying to come up with creative solutions, task-switching distractions can help prevent “cognitive fixation” on ineffective approaches. So if you are a creative type, try lining up two or more tasks and spend your day switching between them. Or if that doesn’t work, just go play with your phone.

A. Not all distractions are bad, however.
B. Switching between tasks can also help.
C. Creativity can benefit from distraction too.
D. Switching off email or messaging services helps.
E. But you are not good at dealing with distractions.
F. If you have trouble concentrating, I suggest you try the following ideas.
G. If you are not careful, you will end up your day with nothing accomplished.

第三部分:语言知识运用
第一节:完形填空 (共 20小题;每小题  1. 5分,满分 30分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
I was 11 years old when I asked my mom for piano lessons in 2010. We were badly off in the recession (经济衰退). She said a   41   “no”.
That didn’t stop me. I Googled the   42   for a keyboard, drew the keys on a piece of paper and   43   it on my desk. I would click   44   on an online keyboard and “play” them back on my paper one—keeping the   45   they made on the computer in my   46  . I spend six months playing without   47   a real piano. Once my mom saw that I was   48  , she got into debt to buy me ten lessons.
In the first lesson I was   49   by how real the sound of the piano was. I set my grade one after eight lessons.   50   we couldn’t afford lessons again. I   51   grade three, then grade five,   52   only on my piece of paper. When I was about 13, my mom said she had a   53   for me: it was an electronic keyboard, bought with more   54   money.
My school didn’t offer music A-level. I found the Purcell School for young   55  . The tryouts (选拔) were   56  . Some of the questions involved a judgment on the composer or when it was written. I felt stuck. To my amazement I was offered a   57  . There, I worked as hard as I could to improve my performance and save enough money to buy my  58   piano.
I feel proud: it’s been 10 years since I drew my paper piano, and now I’m at one of the world’s leading music schools. However, the irony(讽刺) is that I   59   doing a lot of my practice away from the piano: what we call   60   practice. The paper piano helped spark my curiosity about how music works, the building blocks that form the pieces.

41. A. grateful                B. polite             C. distant            D. reliable
42. A. measurements         B. colors         C. system         D. principle
43. A. laid                 B. stuck             C. wrapped         D. folded
44. A. links                 B. tunes             C. notes             D. symbols
45. A. noise                 B. video             C. image         D. sound
46. A. gesture             B. sight             C. head                D. chest
47. A. touching             B. seeing         C. buying         D. hearing
48. A. cautious             B. serious         C. entertained     D. optimistic
49. A. occupied             B. confused         C. addicted         D. struck
50. A. Lately                 B. Meanwhile     C. Instantly         D. Afterwards
51. A. passed                 B. missed         C. organized         D. quit
52. A. operating             B. focusing         C. practicing         D. experimenting
53. A. credit                 B. surprise         C. reward            D. chance
54. A. borrowed             B. hidden         C. earned         D. raised
55. A. students             B. artists         C. musicians         D. performers
56. A. tough                B. various         C. common         D. formal
57. A. post                 B. mark             C. class             D. place
58. A. delicate             B. favorite         C. first             D. new
59. A. set about             B. keep on         C. turn to         D. jump at
60. A. junior                 B. casual         C. regular         D. mental

第二节:语篇填空 (共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题纸相应位置上。
English playwright Arthur Wing Pinero said, “Where there’s tea, there’s hope.” Similarly, in China, it is said __61___ firewood, rice, cooking oil, salt, sauce, vinegar and tea are the seven necessary items which begin a day. Tea is much more than just a hot drink. It’s a big part of many cultures around the world. You     62  (probable) know people in China use top-grade tea  63  (show) respect when receiving important guests. Meanwhile,  64   British tradition of afternoon tea is an important part of that country’s identity. As an   65  (express) of Moroccan hospitality and tradition, mint tea—a mix of green tea, spearmint (绿薄荷) leaves and sugar –   66   (serve) during gatherings and negotiations. Apart from its   67   (culture) significance, tea is also a medicine,    68    (use) from ancient times to modern day. “Tea is cold and lowers the fire,” Chinese herbalist (草药医师)Li Shizhen once   69   (say). The health benefits of tea are still being discovered today: preventing heart disease, obesity and cancer have all been linked  70   drinking green tea.

第四部分:写作
第一节  短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
假定英语老师要求同桌之间互相修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(^),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
修改:在错的词下面划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:
1.每处错误及其修改均仅限1词;
2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
 The first time I heard the expression "Know yourself" by Socrates, I didn't realize its meaning. I didn't until I go to university. I started my university life unwillingly, because I didn't want to leave my parents and university of engineering was not my dream school, too. However, I changed my mind complete after a semester. My schoolmates are from different place, some of which are really outstanding. This makes me realized there is always someone much more better capable. Since then, to know myself has become an importance part of my life. Only by knowing who I am or where I am can I really follow the right path.

第二节:书面表达(25分)
假设你是李华, 你和外教Mr. Smith本来约好去看你们所在城市举办的国际摄影展,但你因故不能赴约。请给他写封邮件,内容包括:
1.    表示歉意;
2.    解释原因;
3.    补救措施。
注意:1. 词数100左右;
      2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
Dear Mr Smith,
————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————
                                                            Yours sincerely,
                                                            Li Hua


东北育才学校高中部2020届高三第八次模拟考试
英语科试卷答案
1-5 BCBAB  6-10 ACACB  11-15 CABBC  16-20 BBCAA
21-23 BCA   24-27 ACBD  28-31 CDAD  32-35 BACA  36-40 GDACB
41-45 BABCD  46-50 CABDD  51-55 ACBAC  56-60 ADCBD
61. that              62. probably       63. to show     64. the      65. expression    
66. is served       67. cultural       68. used        69. said     70. to    
短文改错:
1. go-went     2. university 前面加a/the      3. too-either        4. complete-completely
5. place-places   6. which-whom       7. realized-realize       8. 去掉better
9. importance-important        10. or-and
书面表达:(One possible version)
Dear Mr Smith,
I’m sorry to tell you that I can’t accompany you to the International Photography Festival to be held this Saturday. Something unexpected has happened that my parents will have to go outside the city this Saturday, so I have to stay at home and take care of my little brother.
But don’t worry about the trip. I have explained my situation to my best friend John, who is one year older than me and can speak English fluently. He happens to be available that day and is willing to go with you. Will it be OK with you?  
Please allow me to apologize again and I’m looking forward to your reply about your decision.    
Yours sincerely,
Li Hua

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