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2020年高考英语考前45天冲刺试卷十二(Word版附答案)

2020年高考考前45天大冲刺卷
英   语  (十二)
注意事项:
1.答题前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡上。
2.考试结束后,请将本试题卷和答题卡一并上交。
第Ⅰ卷
第一部分 听力
本次训练无听力
第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。
A
Richard Hosford fulfilled an ambition of founding a music festival his home county in 1991.
Richard said, “At that time, my aim was to create a festival with an informal atmosphere and the highest possible artistic standards.”
The festival was first planned in Canon Ray Nichols. The Gaudier Ensemble(乐团), of which Richard is a member, has returned each year to perform a wide range of chamber music(室内乐) at the festival.
Richard said, “Over many years we have built a special relationship with our audience. Teaching and encouraging a love of music are important elements of the festival, which has always included a concert for children, and now runs classes for promising young local musicians. Arriving from across Europe, the members of the Ensemble stay with hosts in the village and enjoy making music with old friends in the wonderful St. Mary’s Church.”
The event is now an established favourite on the South West music festival scene and this year will mark its 25th year with a programme that includes pieces by Mozart, Francaix, Schubert and Bruch from Dec 9 to Dec 12.
There will also be a late-night concert of light American gems by Gershwin, a family concert and a new commission by poet and broadcaster James Crowden and Lillie Harris from the Royal College of Music.
The festival will also welcome a group of recent Royal College of Music students who will perform alongside the Gaudier Ensemble at some concerts and work with talented local musical youngsters.
For more information about the festival, visit cerneabbasmusicfestival.co.uk. Booking forms are also available at local tourist information centres or by calling07527 528673.
21. When can people enjoy the music of Mozart?
A. On Dec 2.    B. On Dec 6.
C. On Dec 9.    D. On Dec 15.
22. Who will give a late-night concert of light American gems?
A. Richard Hosford.    B. Gershwin.
C. James Crowden.    D. Lillie Harris.
23. What is the main idea of the text?
A. To introduce the information of the music festival.
B. To provide people with information about music.
C. To tell people how to do well in giving performances.
D. To show how to visit cerneabbasmusicfestival.co.uk
B
Sam Allred suffers from a rare and incurable kidney(肾脏) disease. One day, when his sister was playing a song repeatedly, Sam sang along. His sister thought it was funny so she recorded it and posted the video online. The video—and Sam—became a hit. Only 8 years old at that time, he couldn’t have expected the response.
“(The television show) The Doctors called and wanted me on their show so they paid for me to go to California,” says Sam, now 13, “and we got to stay in a hotel where all the movie stars stayed.”
During that visit to California, Angle Allred, Sam’s mother, had an idea about Sam writing a children’s book. Together, she and Sam wrote Opening Hearts, which tells Sam’s experience of living with a chronic(慢性的) illness.
“I wrote the book to teach people to be kinder to people,” Sam says.
Moreover, Sam wanted to send pillows to sick children staying in hospitals around the country to make their stay more comfortable, an idea that came from a time when he was in the hospital.
“A few kind boys came in with pillows and they gave me one and it meant a lot to me that someone cared about kids in the hospital,” says Sam.
Angie thought of starting a nonprofit organization to provide a way for people to contribute money to realize Sam’s ideas. She named the nonprofit organization Kindness for Kids.
Since then, Sam has taken pillows to children staying at Providence Hospital in Anchorage.
Sam’s father, Scott Allred, owns a small business that contracts(承包) shipping services with FedEx Ground. He asked the company for help.
“FedEx Ground learned about Sam’s pillow project,” says Erin Truxal, manager of public relations for FedEx Ground. “We thought, ‘What a perfect way for us to get involved.’”
The company provided shipping services for Sam to ship about 5,000 pillows to hospitals.
Sam wants to send more pillows to all of the children’s hospitals in every state. His goal is simple: Kids in the hospital as happy as they were before they got sick.
24. We can learn from the text that Sam Allred____.
A. was a healthy boy
B. was popular at an early age
C. sang the song with his sister
D. worked in his father's company
25. Opening Hearts is a book that____.
A. is a best seller
B. is about Sam’s sister
C. was published when Sam was 13
D. was written by Sam and his mother
26. What is FedEx Ground’s attitude towards Sam’s career?
A. Doubtful.    B. Surprised.
C. Approving.    D. Uninterested.
27. Which of the following can best describe Sam Allred?
A. Optimistic and warm-hearted.
B. Honest and responsible.
C. Unusual and confident.
D. Friendly and brave.

C
Pangolins(穿山甲) are the most trafficked(非法交易) mammals in the world and are facing extinction. To draw attention to these scaly(有鳞片的), anteater-like animals, a new wildlife documentary, Eye of the Pangolin, is attempting a unique way to inspire action and conservation. Partnering with the non-profit organization Pangolin. Africa, the documentary was made available on YouTube in May 2019. The intention is to reach communities wherever the Internet is available, especially African communities, who live near the animal’s habitats.
Over two years, the documentary crew traveled to South Africa, Ghana, Central African Republic and Gabon in search of the four unique species of pangolin, which has never been achieved before. Filmmakers Bruce Young and Johan Vermeulen say that they went into the shoot knowing relatively little about pangolins, but grew to respect and appreciate the animals. Getting close to the creatures over two years was a crash course in these secretive creatures. Johan Vermeulen said, “One thing however that might seem unimportant is that they are actually quite fussy eaters. You would think they would eat any type of ant, but they all prefer a specific type ant.”
Pangolins are hunted illegally across Africa for their scales, which are used for traditional medicine, and their meat. In April 2019, Singaporean customs officials conducted two separate seizures of 24 tons of pangolin scales, which equals to the death of 69,000 pangolins.
Though the documentary focuses less on the trafficking of pangolins, and more on the animals in their natural habitat, the aim of the documentary is to inspire viewers around the world to call for action to end trafficking and protecting these unique creatures.
Filmed on location in South Africa, Ghana, Central African Republic, and Gabon, this powerful documentary is the story of two men on a mission to get all four species of African pangolin on camera for the very first time.
28. What is the purpose of the documentary?
A. To study the situation of pangolins.
B. To collect fund to protect pangolins.
C. To raise awareness of pangolin protection.
D. To propose setting up pangolin reserves.
29. What is the meaning of the underlined word “fussy” in paragraph 2?
A. Picky.    B. Messy.
C. Showy.    D. Heavy.
30. What’s the documentary mainly about?
A. The illegal trade of pangolins.
B. The medical function of pangolin's scales.
C. The life of pangolins in their natural habitats.
D. The efforts of Pangolin, Africa to save pangolins.
31. Where is the text most likely from?
A. A brochure.    B. A diary.
C. A novel.    D. A magazine.
D
Wind farms have been considered as the way to fight global warming, but a new study suggests they could actually heat the planet up.
The study found that the US would get warmer if the number of turbines(涡轮机) were increased markedly. Researchers say they’ll require much more land than previously thought, needing five to 20 times more space than earlier studies have suggested. And winds created by vast fields of turbines could mix warm and cool air, which makes the surface quite warm.
Despite the potential drawbacks, however, the researchers argue wind energy still makes more sense for the environment than fossil fuels. Study coauthor and Harvard University scientist Professor David Keith argued that, when it comes to energy production, there is no free lunch. “Wind beats coal by any environmental measure, but that doesn’t mean that its effects can be ignored. We must use fewer fossil fuels to stop carbon production. In doing so, we must make choices between various low-carbon technologies, all of which have some environmental effects,” he said.
More than ten previous studies have now observed local warming caused by US wind farms. Researchers suggested that solar power offers a less damaging energy source in the fight against climate change. In terms of temperature difference per unit of energy generation, solar power has about 10 times less effect than wind, and the solar power energy is mature in a wide range of fields. But there are other considerations. For example, solar farms are dense(密集的), while the land between wind turbines can be co-used for agriculture.
Tidal power is an environmentally-friendly energy source. In addition to being a renewable energy, it does not give off any climate gases and does not take up a lot of space. However, there are currently very few examples from real tidal power plants and their effects on the environment. Also, it is important to realize that the methods for generating electricity from tidal energy are relatively new technologies. It is projected that tidal power will be commercially profitable within2030 with better technology and larger scales.
32. What is the purpose of the text?
A. To introduce a study finding.
B. To discuss the global warming problem.
C. To prove the benefits of wind farms.
D. To call attention to environmental protection.
33. What is paragraph 2 mainly about?
A. The effects of global warming.
B. The reason for using wind energy.
C. The disadvantages of wind farms.
D. The working principle of wind farms.
34. What do Professor David Keith’s words suggest?
A. Producing energy is easier than before.
B. Consuming energy damages the environment.
C. Burning coal should be totally stopped.
D. Developing low-carbon technologies is hard.
35. Which is recommended considering the environment and practical use?
A. Wind energy.    B. Fossil fuel.
C. Tidal power.    D. Solar energy.

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
Will you stop using plastic?
If you take a look around your kitchen or office right now, chances are that you’ll notice you’re surrounded by plastic—water bottles, to-go coffee cups, straws(吸管), plastic grocery bags, food wrappers, take-out containers, single-serve coffee pods and produce bags.   36  
It’s certainly not realistic to remove all plastic from your life, but let’s examine some statistics that may encourage you to reduce your single-use plastic footprint by throwing away straws, switching to reusable water bottles, bringing cloth bags to the grocery store and more.
According to a study published in the journal Science Advances, the popularity of plastic, which began rising in the 1950s, is growing out of control.   37   And there’s no sign of slowing down, considering scientists say that another 12 trillion kilograms will be produced worldwide by 2050.
“Every piece of plastic that has ever been created will remain in the environment in some form, but once we conveniently throw out our rubbish at home, wind and runoff carry our waste from landfills and streets to the ocean,” says Mystic Aquarium’s chief clinical veterinarian Jennifer Flower, DVM, MS. “Given that we are globally producing over 320 million tons of plastic annually, the marine environment is taking a big hit from our daily disposal of plastic.
  38   For example, newborn fish are mistaking tiny bits of plastic waste for food. If they die, there will be fewer big fish—and that could damage the food chain. Often our society is so focused on making our lives more convenient in the short term, but in the long run, our health and the health of marine life are at the expense of those everyday conveniences.”
  39   A recent report suggests that when heated, certain food additives(添加剂) can damage hormones, growth and development, as well as increase chances for children of being fat.   40   It is found in plastic containers and metal cans. Parents are urged to avoid using microwaves to warm food and drinks or placing plastics in the dishwasher.
A. Our plastic consumption is directly affecting the life in the ocean.
B. People are concerned about the results of overusing plastic containers.
C. 8.2 trillion kilograms of plastic have been produced around the world.
D. Using plastic containers in microwaves is also harmful to children’s health.
E. Let’s stop using plastic for the benefit of the environment and human beings.
F. These are all examples of single-use plastic products, which is a hot topic nowadays.
G. The most concerning artificial additive BPA is a chemical used in the production of plastics.

第三部分  英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
When I was 25, I found myself in one of those worst situations in life. One day a friend   41   me to participate in a service club. It didn’t   42   me much at first. Then I realized that perhaps helping someone else could do me some good.
The service club offered various volunteer opportunities to   43   from. I listed activities helping children as my top   44  . However, I was arranged to serve Charles, who was paralyzed(瘫痪的) from the neck down and only   45   to talk and move his facial features.
When I entered Charles’ room for the first time, I   46   myself to him. His room had a window , but it was   47   with artwork: various papers painted with watercolor. I stood there   48   what to do next.
“Are you   49   to paint?” Charles asked me. “There is a brush and paints in the cupboard,” he said. Still not understanding his   50  , I opened the cupboard and saw a large can of watercolor paints and a paintbrush. When I saw the paintbrush, it all became   51   Charles painted those pictures with his   52  .
Charles explained how to   53   colors on a tray(托盘). Each time he wanted to change colors, he held the   54   in his teeth and said, “New color, please”.
We spent every Wednesday evening that fall and winter together.   55   , I began to appreciate my life with fresh eyes. Charles had given me a wonderful   56  : he’d shown me the joy of gratitude, even for seemingly   57   things.
Many years and miles make me   58   Charles now. But whenever life   59   me, I think of him and tell myself, “New color, please”. I have a family. I have my freedom. There is so much to be   60   for.
41. A. reminded    B. invited    C. allowed    D. promised
42. A. attract.    B. guide    C. include    D. approve
43. A. learn    B. recover    C. choose    D. benefit
44. A. needs    B. preferences    C. instructions    D. tasks
45. A. willing    B. prepared    C. pleased    D. able
46. A. informed    B. introduced    C. devoted    D. connected
47. A. provided    B. compared    C. ended    D. covered
48. A. knowing    B. explaining    C. wondering    D. ignoring
49. A. ready    B. comfortable    C. anxious    D. sure
50. A. orders    B. opinions    C. decisions    D. intentions
51. A. unreasonable    B. unforgettable    C. clear    D. accurate
52. A. nose    B. mouth    C. foot    D. face
53. A. accomplish    B. apply    C. squeeze    D. arrange
54. A. brush    B. can    C. tray    D. paper
55. A. Obviously    B. Hopefully    C. Gradually    D. Constantly
56. A. impression    B. thrill    C. award    D. gift
57. A. regular    B. ordinary    C. strange    D. formal
58. A. informed of    B. different from    C. apart from    D. skeptical of
59. A. disappoints    B. motivates    C. forgets    D. punishes
60. A. thankful    B. hungry    C. concerned    D. famous
第II卷
第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。
Lake Tianchi is located in the Changbai Mountains in Jilin province. It is the   61  (high) volcanic lake in the world. There   62  (be) reports of monsters in it since the   63  (begin) of the last century. But no one really got   64   clear look at the   65  (mystery) creature.
Li Xiaohe,   66  was visiting the lake with his family, claimed   67  (see) a round black creature   68   (move) quickly through the water. Many people believe its   69  (exist). However, scientists are sceptical   70   this. Maybe in the future, this mystery can be explained.

第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节 短文改错(共10小题:每小题1分,满分10分)
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
This morning I happened to meet a foreigner when I was taking walk in the park. It was a good chance for me to practise my spoken English, but I went up to him, introduced himself in English and expressed my wish to have a talk with him. In my surprise, he just stared at me, looking puzzling. I thought I had not made myself understand, so I repeated what I had said it. But he just said anything that I didn’t understand. I suddenly realize he was not an English speaker! Not all foreigner speak English.

第二节 书面表达(满分25分)
春天来了,万物复苏,阳光明媚。假如你是高三(1)班班长李华,请你发一份书面倡议,鼓励大家多进行户外活动,愉悦身心,调整状态,以迎接紧张的学习。
注意:1.词数100左右;
2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;
3.开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。
Boys and girls,
Spring has come. ___________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Yours,
Li Hua


 
参考答案
第一部分 听力

第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
A
【答案】21-23 CBA
B
【答案】24-27 BDCA
C
【答案】28-31 CACD
D
【答案】32-35 ACBD
第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
【答案】36-40 FCADG
第三部分  英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
【答案】41-45 BACBDD    46-50 BDCAD    51-55 CBDAC    56-60 DBCAA
第II卷
第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
【答案】
61. highest    62. have been        63. beginning        64. a                65. mysterious
66. who        67. to have seen    68. moving        69. existence        70. about/ of
第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节 短文改错(共10小题:每小题1分,满分10分)
【答案】
1.第一句,taking后面加上a
2.第二句,but改为so
3.第二句,himself改为myself
4.第三句,In改为To
5.第三句,puzzling改为puzzled
6.第四句,understand改为understood
7.第四句,去掉it
8.第五句,anything改为something
9.第六句,realize改为realized
10.第七句,foreigner改为foreigners
第二节 书面表达(满分25分)
【范文】
Boys and girls,
Spring has come. It brings us warm sunshine, green grass, colorful flowers as well as sweet taste of air. It is the very time to refresh us from tiredness. In order to gain the best physical and spiritual state for further study, I propose all of us go outdoors to take part in more activities, such as spring outing, jogging, mountain­climbing, cycling and so on, which can rest our body and mind. With these activities, we can enjoy the country life, away from city noise and dust. We can also feel physical and mental pleasure. Thus we are sure to be more energetic and obtain high learning efficiency. So for the benefit of ourselves, go out and jump in the fresh right now.
Yours,
Li Hua

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