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2020年高考英语考前45天冲刺试卷十一(Word版附答案)

2020年高考考前45天大冲刺卷
英   语  (十一)
注意事项:
1.答题前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡上。
2.考试结束后,请将本试题卷和答题卡一并上交。
第Ⅰ卷
第一部分 听力
本次训练无听力
第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。
A
Monthly Talks at London Canal Museum
Our monthly talks start at 19:30 on the first Thursday of each month except August. Admission is at normal charges and you don’t need to book. They end around 21:00.
November 7th
The Canal Pioneers, by Chris Lewis. James Brindley is recognized as one of the leading early canal engineers. He was also a major player in training others in the art of canal planning and building. Chris Lewis will explain how Brindley made such a positive contribution to the education of that group of early “civil engineers”.
December 5th
Ice for the Metropolis, by Malcolm Tucker. Well before the arrival of freezers, there was a demand for ice for food preservation and catering, Malcolm will explain the history of importing natural ice and the technology of building ice wells, and how London’s ice trade grew.
February 6th
An Update on the Cotsword Canals, by Liz Payne. The Stroudwater Canal is moving towards reopening. The Thames and Severn Canal will take a little longer. We will have a report on the present state of play.
March 6th
Eyots and Aits-Thames Islands, by Miranda Vickers. The Thames had many islands. Miranda has undertaken a review of all of them. She will tell us about those of greatest interest.
Online bookings:www.canalmuseum.org.uk/book
More into:www.canalmuseum.org.uk/whatson
London Canal Museum
12-13 New Wharf Road, London NI 9RT
www.canalmuseum.org.uk   www.canalmuseum.mobi
Tel: 020 77130836
21. When is the talk on James Brindley?
A. February 6th.    B. December 5th.
C. November 7th.    D. March 6th.
22. What is the topic of the talk in February?
A. The Canal Pioneers.    B. An Update on the Cotsword Canals.
C. Eyots and Aits-Thames Islands.    D. Ice for the Metropolis.
23. Who will give the talk on the islands in the Thames?
A. Miranda Vickers.    B. Malcolm Tucker.
C. Chris Lewis.    D. Liz Payne.
B
I want to talk about a soldier. I saw him yesterday as my husband and I were enjoying a wonderful lunch in the cave-like dining room of an old hotel.
It is hard to imagine being comfortable in a room that probably seats a thousand, but the real magic of the place is its wonderful setting. Every comer is a wood and stone masterpiece, with high glass windows that look out to the huge cliffs of the valley.
A man entered with his family and took a seat. He wasn't in uniform, but he walked with the dignity of a soldier, and a slight limp(瘸). My suspicion was confirmed when he removed his hat and placed it on the table where I could see it. Embroidered(绣) on the cap were the words: “Iwo Jima Survivor”.
As they were waiting for lunch, the others talking happily, this gentleman was stating out of the window. He was content to be left out of the conversation and allowed to take in the wonderful and impressive view of the waterfall.
I watched him, and imagined how much horror he had seen in the war. What losses did he suffer, and how many friends did he lose? What he had witnessed should have given him a good reason to lose faith in the world. Yet this tired soldier was smiling at the sky, at the sun and the roaring of the waterfall. Somehow, after everything, the world was still beautiful to him.
I walked over to him and said, “Excuse me, sir. I’m sorry to interrupt, but I saw your hat, and I just wanted to say thank you for serving.”
He looked up at me, surprised, and said proudly, “You’re welcome, and thank you, too.”
I told him I would go home and tell my children about this experience that I'd met him.
24. The place where the author enjoyed lunch was ______.
A. only open to people of the upper classes
B. once visited by many famous people
C. attractive because of its beautiful surroundings
D. modeled on scenes from American history
25. What do we learn from the passage?
A. The author at first thought the gentleman was famous.
B. The gentleman stood out because of his uniform.
C. The gentleman’s family didn’t like to talk with him.
D. The gentleman wasn’t expecting the author to thank him.
26. What encouraged the author to talk to the soldier?
A. His disability.
B. His loneliness.
C. His contribution to his country.
D. His bravery to fight in the war.
27. What is the author’s attitude towards the soldier?
A. Admiring.    B. Satisfied.
C. Sympathetic.    D. Doubtful.


C
Osaka, Japan—Defending champions China lifted the FIVB Women’s Volleyball World Cup trophy(奖品) with perfect 11 straight wins after easing past Argentina 3-0 here on Sunday. With their eleventh win at the 2019 FIVB Volleyball Women’s World Cup, China won the FIVB Women’s Volleyball World Cup.
This year, the World Cup has been played across different cities, and Team China had training sessions even on traveling days when some participating teams chose to rest up after a tiring flight. “Coach Lang focuses on details of the technique in the training sessions, and I feel our team has become more balanced.” Captain Zhu Ting said. This firm approach explains how China managed to turn the table against the United States at the World Cup. Never giving up, especially in adversity, that’s what the spirit of Chinese women’s volleyball means.
When the team struggled, Zhu was always there, doing whatever was needed to carry the team forward. That’s why she has become a national volleyball icon, just like “Iron Hammer” Lang. As for Lang, she took over the flag from her former coach Yuan Weimin, who was behind China’s rise in the beginning. From coach Yuan to coach Lang, and spiker(主攻手) Lang to spiker Zhu, the flag bearers may have changed over time, but the craving for championships and the steely desire and determination remain the same.
Volleyball is a team sport and behind the on-court team. There is always a supportive coaching team and staff. Lai was one of the members. Shouldering responsibilities as both vice director of China’s Volleyball Management Center and as assistant coach. Apart from coordinating between coaches and players, Chinese coaches and foreign coaches and sometimes within Chinese coaches, she also has to do chores. During Rio 2016, assistant coach Yuan Lingxi headed for the arena(竞技场) at 6 am every day to film the matches and would return to the Olympic Village at 2 am when he would start analyzing China’s opponents and file reports. There are many Lais and Yuans that are not known by the public, but who remain indispensable for the team to overcome difficulties and reach their peak.
28. What does the underlined word “lifted” probably mean in paragraph 1?
A. Raised.    B. Won.
C. Beat.    D. Expected.
29. What does the spirit of Chinese women’s volleyball mean according to paragraph 2?
A. Being a special team.    B. Sticking to the end.
C. Winning every game.    D. Training hard every day.
30. Why does Zhu Ting become a national volleyball icon?
A. She wins many awards in the World Cup.
B. She keeps strong desire and determination.
C. She takes lots of training after the tiring fight.
D. She does almost everything to help the team forward.
31. What does the author intend to convey in the last paragraph?
A. Hard work is vital in volleyball matches.
B. The coach has a great influence on players.
C. The staff behind the on-court team is also important.
D. Understanding opponents is necessary to win the game.
D
A warm drink of milk before bed has long been the best choice for those wanting a good night’s sleep. But now a study has found it really does help people nod off(打瞌睡) —if it is milked from a cow at night.
Researchers have discovered that “night milk” contains more melatonin(褪黑激素), which has been proven to help people feel sleepy and reduce anxiety(焦虑). The study, by researchers from Seoul, South Korea, involved mice being fed with dried milk powder(奶粉) made from cows milked both during the day and at night. Those given night milk, which contained 10 times the amount of melatonin, were less active and less anxious than those fed with the milk collected during daytime, according to the study published in The Journal of Medicinal Food.
Night milk quickened the start of sleep and caused the mice to sleep longer.
While the effect of cow milk harvested at different time has not been tested on humans up to now, taking melatonin drugs has been suggested to those who have trouble falling asleep at night.
Previous(以前的) studies have also showed that milk can be excellent for helping sleep because of the calcium content, which helps people to relax.
32. According to the text, the mice fed with daytime milk_______.
A. started sleep more easily    B. were more anxious
C. were less active    D. woke up later
33. Which of the following is true of melatonin according to the text?
A. It’s been tested on mice for ten years.
B. It can make people more energetic.
C. It exists in milk in great amount.
D. It’s used in sleeping drugs.
34. What can be a suitable title for the text?
A. Night Milk and Sleep    B. Fat Sugar and Health
C. An Experiment on Mice    D. Milk Drinking and Health
35. How does the author support the theme of the text?
A. By giving examples.
B. By stating arguments.
C. By explaining statistical data.
D. By providing research results.

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
Japan’s famously diligent workers spend more hours at the office than employees in almost any other country. Authorities have a message: Stay home   36  . Hundreds of thousands of people are expected to attend Olympic and Paralympic events in Tokyo during the 2020 Games, putting additional pressure on the city’s already notoriously crowded commuter routes. Officials also hope that promoting working from home during the Games will encourage a more easy-going approach in a country known for its cases of karoshi, or death from overwork.
On July 22, one year before the Games, Tokyo rolled out a month-long “Telework Days” campaign, with government offices and private businesses committing to avoiding peak commuting hours.   37  . The government has been urging employers to be more flexible, hoping to help parents and others caring for elderly relatives to better balance their work and home responsibilities. Officials hope the campaign will show firms that employees can actually “work even more effectively” when they stay home.
  38  . Such as concerns over the security of sensitive information, the difficulty of controlling working conditions and the fact that corporate culture stresses the importance of face-to-face communication.
Experts and government officials hope that Olympic efforts to expand telework might serve as something of a legacy for the Games. “Tokyo 2020 is a chance to actively introduce telework, which can create a stress-free lifestyle,” said Azuma Taguchi, a professor of engineering at Chuo University.   39  . And he also urged to take serious measures to tackle Olympic traffic.
  40  . “This is a chance to make telework a legacy of the Games that will take root” in Japanese society, Industry Minister Hiroshige Seko said in a recent forum to promote flexible work. And some officials are hoping that a more open-minded approach to work could encourage people to take “workstations”—working remotely from far-flung locations with attractive leisure options.
A. Workstations have already appeared in Japan
B. The concept isn’t completely unfamiliar in Japan
C. The efforts have also run up against various barriers
D. Tokyo tells workers to stay home to enjoy a new lifestyle
E. The aim is to avoid traffic chaos during next year’s Olympics
F. He warned of potentially “fatal traffic jam” if action is not taken
G. Others also see the Games as a chance to break existing work habits

第三部分  英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
“Paul must have been trying to carry his waste paper to garbage can and dropped a few pieces.” I    41  , picking them up.   42   later I found more pieces. No quiet sighing this time. I   43  , “Who is throwing garbage?” No answer. Instead, I saw more bits of paper   44   floating down from upstairs. Looking up, I saw my seven-year-old son, Paul.
“Stop making a mess.” “It’s not a mess. They’re   45  .” “Sorry, what did you say?” I hadn’t heard him clearly.
He didn’t answer me. Paul has autism(自闭症) and   46   answers a question, especially when he’s   47   attentively on something else. He ran down the stairs. “Where are my other butterflies?” he asked,   48   around. Every time Paul   49   five or more words together, my heart says a   50   of thanks. But lately he seems to   51   that the benefits of forming complete sentences when communicating are    52   of the effort.
Butterflies. Of course. I rushed to   53   them from the garbage,   54   them off and handed them to my young artist. “Want to see them   55   again?” he asked with a shy smile. “Oh yes! They’re beautiful.” I whispered. He ran back upstairs to float his   56   down again. They really did look like beautiful butterflies.
That day Paul   57   me to look up at   58   instead of down at garbage. How many other masterpieces(杰作) do I miss because I’m too caught up in my   59   to take time to appreciate what’s right in front of me?   60   is not what happens to us. It’s how we look at it. Now, I look up.
41. A. laughed    B. sighed    C. amazed    D. shouted
42. A. Days    B. Years    C. Moments    D. Weeks
43. A. called out    B. turned up    C. got in    D. added to
44. A. angrily    B. silently    C. loudly    D. peacefully
45. A. planes    B. papers    C. leaves    D. butterflies
46. A. rarely    B. frequently    C. willingly    D. eagerly
47. A. devoted    B. depended    C. focused    D. addicted
48. A. showing    B. looking    C. playing    D. drawing
49. A. spells    B. puts    C. pushes    D. accumulates
50. A. sound    B. remark    C. report    D. prayer
51. A. refuse    B. hear    C. mind    D. realize
52. A. worthy    B. aware    C. fond    D. typical
53. A. hide    B. destroy    C. rescue    D. remove
54. A. tore    B. dusted    C. cut    D. seized
55. A. throw    B. flow    C. land    D. fly
56. A. masterpieces    B. schoolwork    C. inventions    D. imagination
57. A. reminded    B. forced    C. intended    D. permitted
58. A. mistakes    B. weaknesses    C. beauty    D. scenery
59. A. amusement    B. housework    C. communication    D. homework
60. A. Happiness    B. Failure    C. Success    D. Life
第II卷
第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。
Everyone would have success if it   61  (be) free. But there are few successful individuals and each of them had put in enough productive work   62   they received anything in return. While working hard on what you believe in, you're understanding its true value. You begin to respect the work itself, to build some   63  (exception) qualities along the way, and to learn important life lessons during it.
There is a popular   64  (believe) that in the beginning of your journey, you aren't ready to handle the success and all the responsibilities that come together with it. But earning it with sweat and sacrifices      65    (prepare) you for that. So the hard work, together with the time it takes, is   66   must on your journey to success. It makes you who you have to turn into   67  (live) the better life that's waiting for you. What's more, the harder you work on your dream, the more confident you become.
Hard work gives you a purpose—it helps you to be patient, to take action instead of waiting          68  (mere) for things to happen, to stop blaming yourself or others and take responsibility for anything you have or don't have in your life.
Now that you know all this about hard work, never   69  (question) its power. Instead, create your strategy, make a step-by-step plan and take the first step towards success no later than today. Your hard work will   70   doubt pay off!

第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节 短文改错(共10小题:每小题1分,满分10分)
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
Dear Tom,
How are you getting on? I don’t think this a good idea to travel a lot and visit as many places possible. Last July Bell pay a visit to Europe. Europe is very beautiful, but his holiday wasn’t very nicely. He visited several country, and was in each of the countries for only three days. He visited a great many of places of interest, and was always in a hurry. When he returned from Europe, he was very tiring. So I suggest you spent your holiday in a different way. You’d better travelled with a friend to one country and visit only one city, that will do good to your body and mind.

第二节 书面表达(满分25分)
假设你是李华,前天你收到英国笔友Kathy发来的电子邮件,说她很想报名参加即将在当地举办的“汉语民歌演唱比赛(Singing Chinese Folk Songs Contest)”活动,但信心不足。请你给她回复一封邮件,内容包括:
1.鼓励她报名参加;
2.帮助分析参加的意义;
3. 给她提几点建议
注意:1.字数100字左右;
2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;
3.开头已经给出,不计入总字数。
Dear Kathy,
I’m glad to know that                                                                 
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
Yours,
Li Hua


 
参考答案
第一部分 听力

第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。
A
【答案】21-23 CBA
B
【答案】24-27 CDCA

C
【答案】28-31 BBDC
D
【答案】32-35 BDAD

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
【答案】36-40 EBCFG
第三部分  英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
【答案】41-45 BCABD    46-50 ACBBD    51-55 DACBD    56-60 AACBD
第II卷
第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
【答案】
61. were        62. before        63. exceptional        64. belief        65. prepares
66. a            67. to live        68. merely            69. question    70. without/beyond
第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节 短文改错(共10小题:每小题1分,满分10分)
【答案】
1.第二句,this改为it/it’s
2.第二句,places后加as
3.第三句,pay改为paid
4.第四句,nicely改为nice
5.第五句,country改为countries
6.第六句,删除many后的of
7.第七句,tiring改为tired
8.第八句,spent改为spend
9.第九句,travelled改为travel
10第九句,that改为which
第二节 书面表达(满分25分)
【范文】
Dear Kathy,
I am glad to know that you are interested in the Singing Chinese Folk Songs Contest to be held in your hometown. It is a good chance to show your talent for music, so I encourage you to sign up for it.
Actually, there is no need to worry about whether you will win or lose. What matters most is that you can improve your Chinese by participating in the contest. What’s more, in the activity you can make more friends who are interested in learning Chinese. If you want to do a great job, you should do more practice before the contest. Of course, it is a good idea to listen to some Chinese music programs before the contest so that you can get a much better understanding of Chinese fold music.
I am sure you can do a good job! Looking forward to your reply!
Yours,
Li Hua

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