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2020年高考英语考前45天冲刺试卷十(Word版附答案)

2020年高考考前45天大冲刺卷
英   语  (十)
注意事项:
1.答题前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡上。
2.考试结束后,请将本试题卷和答题卡一并上交。
第Ⅰ卷
第一部分 听力
本次训练无听力
第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。
A
Choose Your One-Day-Tours!
Tour A—Bath&Stonehenge including entrance fees to the ancient Roman bathrooms and Stonehenge—£37 until 26 March and £39 thereafter. Visit the city with over 2,000 years of history and Bath Abbey, the Royal Crescent and the Costume Museum, Stonehenge is one of the world’s most famous prehistoric monuments dating back over 5,000 years.
Tour B—Oxford & Stratford including entrance fees to the University St Mary’s Church Tower and Anne Hathaway’s—£32 until 12 March and £36 thereafter. Oxford: Includes a guided tour of England’s oldest university city and colleges. Look over the “city of dreaming spires(尖顶) ” from St Mary’s Church Tower. Stratford: Includes a guided tour exploring much of the Shakespeare wonder.
Tour C—Windsor Castle &Hampton Court: including entrance fees to Hampton Court Palace—£34 until 11 March and £37 thereafter. Includes a guided tour of Windsor and Hampton Court, Henry VILL’s favorite palace. Free time to visit Windsor Castle (entrance fees not included). With 500 years of history, Hampton Court was once the home of four Kings and one Queen. Now this former royal palace is open to the public as a major tourist attraction. Visit the palace and its various historic gardens, which include the famous maze(迷宫) where it is easy to get lost!
Tour D—Cambridge including entrance fees to the Tower of Saint Mary the Great—£33 until 18 March and £37 thereafter. Includes a guided tour of Cambridge, the famous university town, and the gardens of the 18th century.
21. Which tour will you choose if you want to see England’s oldest university city?
A. Tour A.    B. Tour B.
C. Tour C.    D. Tour D.
22. Which of the following tours charges the lowest fee on 17 March?
A. Windsor Castle & Hampton Court.    B. Oxford & Stratford.
C. Bath & Stonehenge.    D. Cambridge.
23. Why is Hampton Court a major tourist attraction?
A. It used to be the home of royal families.    B. It used to be a well-known maze.
C. It is the oldest palace in Britain.    D. It is a world-famous castle.
B
Thirteen-year-old Madison Williams was studying in her bedroom when Leigh Williams, her mother, told her that a little boy fell into a septic tank(化粪池) and no one could reach him.
Madison and Leigh ran to a neighbor’s yard, where they found the boy’s worried mother and other adults surrounding the tank opening. It stuck out a few inches above the ground and was 11 inches in width-slightly wider than a basketball-with a hatch(盖子) that had been moved unnoticed. The two-year-old boy had slipped in and was drowning in four feet of waste water inside the eight-feet-deep tank.
Madison surveyed the situation. She was the only one who could fit through the small hole. Without hesitation, she told the adults, “Lower me in. Inside, the tank was dark, and the air was smelly. In the process, she jammed her left wrist against a hidden pole, injuring the muscles in her wrist so severely that the hand was left useless.
Rather than tending to her injury, Madison tried to feel the underwater boy. Minutes went by before she saw the outline of his foot. Madison shot her good hand out and grasped the foot tightly “Pull me up!” she shouted. Then, ten minutes after Madison had entered the tank, she and the boy were lifted out.
But the boy wasn’t out of trouble. He had lacked Oxygen long enough that he wasn’t breathing. He was placed on his side, and an adult hit him hard on the back. It was only when Madison heard him cry that she knew he was all right. It took Madison longer to recover than the boy, who was taken to hospital and left hospital that same night. She, however, experienced months of painful treatment, for the injury that she had postponed tending was more severe, which, says neighbor Mary Holley, made the girl’s actions all the more impressive.
24. What most likely caused the boy to fall into the septic tank?
A. The tank was very hard to be noticed.
B. The boy was curious about the unknown.
C. The hatch was not in the correct position.
D. The tank opening stood out on the ground.
25. Why did Madison take longer to recover?
A. The injury to her wrist became worse
B. She wasn't sent to hospital in time.
C. She paid all her attention to the boy.
D. Serious infection set in to her wound.
26. Which of the following can be used to best describe Madison?
A. Modest.    B. Optimistic.
C. Courageous.    D. Hard-working.
27. What is the text mainly about?
A. A lucky little boy.    B. A terrible drowning accident.
C. A hidden septic tank.    D. An admirable teen hero.
C
O. Henry, born in Greensboro, North Carolina, was the pen name of William Sydney Porter. His father, Algernon Sydney Porter, was a physician. When William was three years old, his mother died, and he was raised by his grandmother and aunt. William was a good reader, but at the age of fifteen he left school, and worked in a drug store and later on a Texas farm. After that, he moved to Houston, where he had a number of jobs, including that of bank clerk. After moving to Austin, Texas, in 1882, he married.
In 1884 he started a humorous weekly The Rolling Stone. When the weekly failed, he joined The Houston Post as a reporter and columnist(专栏作家). In 1897 he was put into prison over some financial(财务的) dealings. While in prison, William started to write short stories to earn money to support his daughter Margaret. His first work, Whistling Dick’s Christmas Stocking(1899), appeared in McClure’s Magazine. After serving three years of the five years’ sentence, he changed his name to O. Henry, hoping to forget his bitter past.
O. Henry moved to New York City in 1902 and from December 1903 to January 1906 he wrote a story a week for the New York World, and also published the stories in other magazines. His first collection, Cabbages and Kings, appeared in 1904. Many other works quickly followed, such as The Gift of the Magi and The Furnished Room. O. Henry’s best-known work is The Ransom of Red Chief. His stories always have surprising endings. He published 10 collections and over 600 short stories during his lifetime.
O. Henry’s last years were shadowed by drinking, ill health, and financial problems. In 1907, he experienced a failed marriage. In 1910, O. Henry died after an illness.
28. What’s the passage mainly about?
A. A brief introduction to O. Henry.
B. O. Henry’s career and marriage.
C. How O. Henry became a well-known writer.
D. O. Henry’s best-known works.
29. It can be inferred from the passage that O. Henry ________.
A. didn’t like to study during his childhood
B. had little parental love as a child
C. was very interested in medicine and farming
D. took up only one job after he moved to Houston
30. O. Henry spent some time in prison because _______.
A. he got involved in some problems connected with money
B. he joined The Houston Post as a reporter and columnist
C. his weekly The Rolling Stone failed
D. he couldn’t earn enough money to support his daughter
31. Which is the right time order for the following events in O. Henry’s life?
① He moved to New York City.
② He joined The Houston Post.
③ Whistling Dick’s Christmas Stocking came out.
④ The Furnished Room came out.
⑤ Cabbages and Kings appeared.
A. ①②③④⑤    B. ②①③⑤④
C. ③②①④⑤    D. ②③①⑤④

D
More than four decades ago, British scientist Robert Edwards first witnessed the miracle of human life growing inside a test tube at his Cambridge lab. Since that ground-breaking moment, more than four million babies have been born through IVF(体外受精) and in 2010 his great contribution to science was finally recognized as he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Medicine.
The prize for Dr. Edwards, who was given a Daily Mirror Pride of Britain Award in 2008, includes a £900,000 cheque. The Nobel Assembly described IVF as “a milestone in modern medicine”.
With the help of fellow scientist Patrick Steptoe, the Manchester—born physiologist developed IVF—leading to the birth of the world’s first test tube baby. Dr. Steptoe died 10 years later but their work has transformed fertility(生育) treatment and given hope to millions of couples.
It was a scientific breakthrough that changed the lives of millions of couples. They said, “His achievements have made it possible to treat infertility, a disease which makes humans unable to have a baby. This condition has been afflicting a large percentage of mankind, including more than 10% of all couples worldwide.”
Professor Edwards, who has 5 daughters and 11 grandchildren, began his research at Cambridge University in 1963, after receiving his PhD in 1955. He once said, “The most important thing in life is having a child. Nothing is more special than a child.” With the help of fellow scientist Patrick Steptoe, Prof. Edwards founded the Bourn Hall clinic in Cambridgeshire, which now treats more than 900 women a year. Each year, more than 30,000 women in Britain now undergo IVF and 11,000 babies are born as a result of the treatment.
But his work attracted widespread criticism from some scientists and the Catholic Church who said it was “unethical and immoral”.
Martin Johnson, professor of reproductive(生殖的) sciences at the University of Cambridge, said the award was “long overdue”. He said, “We couldn’t understand why the Nobel has come so late but he is delighted—this is the cherry on the cake for him.”
Professor Edwards was too ill to give interviews but a statement released by his family said he was “thrilled and delighted”.
32. What is Robert Edwards' contribution to science?
A. Challenging a disease which stops couples having a baby.
B. Seeing the wonder of the first tube baby growing.
C. Enabling millions of couples to live a better life.
D. Helping couples with infertility to have test tube babies.
33. What does the underlined word “afflicting” in Paragraph 4 most probably refer to?
A. Troubling.    B. Developing.
C. Improving.    D. Frightening.
34. It can be inferred from Paragraph 6 and Paragraph 7 that ________.
A. some people envied Professor Edwards for his being awarded
B. different opinions were voiced on Professor Edwards' work
C. Professor Edwards deserved the prize for his breakthrough
D. the prize was late because the finding was first considered immoral
35. What might be the best title for the passage?
A. Life Stories of Robert Edwards
B. Preparations for Having a Baby
C. Nobel Prize for IVF Expert Edwards
D. Treatment of Infertility in a Lab

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
Whether you are at Disneyland or another Disney park, you will usually find a nighttime show that will be showing.
  36    Read this article to find out how you can get a good seat for an evening event at any Disney park.
●Plan on seeing the show in advance.
Usually, if you decide an hour beforehand that you’re going to see a show, you will likely end up not getting a good seat, unless the park is not very busy.   37   
●Do your research.
Research online: “The best places to view”   38   Some of them may even be less known, so you may not deal with such a big crowd.
●Arrive to the event early.
  39   Possibly even earlier if the park is more crowded on that day. If you arrive ten minutes before the event starts, you’re a lot less likely to get a good spot.
●  40   
If you must leave to do something, make sure that it’s extremely quick, and try to have another member of your party stay in your spot while you are away.
A. Stay in the same area.
B. Enjoy the show with a friend.
C. It’s usually much more enjoyable if you can get a good seat.
D. This is especially important if you arrive closer to the event time.
E. In order to get a good spot, plan on arriving an hour before the event.
F. Therefore, look at the schedule before your trip, or at least the day before.
G. You’ll see a list of places in the park that are the best for viewing that event.

第三部分  英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
Scott Poore is an animal lover. He moves into the shelter kennel(犬舍) with the   41   of helping unwanted young dogs get adopted. Queen, a 3-year-old dog, has just gotten the most   42   roommate despite the narrow living room.
Since Poore is a   43   visitor at the shelter, he is familiar with all of the   44   . However, little Queen in particular has really   45   his heart. Poore says that he recently began to   46   that Queen seemed to be “losing   47  ”in finding a forever home. “I have been   48   Queen every single day for over a year and now I can   49  see her giving up,” Poore wrote on his blog last week. “She used to get so   50   when I would arrive and now she just lies in her bed and   51   at me. I sit in her room and all she does is look out of her window.”
So as a   52   of raising awareness of Queen’s situation, Poore   53   a suitcase and moved into the dog’s kennel. Poore says it has been   54   managing his work while also living at the shelter, but he is   55   to stay in the kennel until someone adopts Queen. Since he   56   the kennel earlier this week, he and his new canine roommate have been   57   the headlines of dozens of national news outlets, although no potential   58   have stepped forward.
  59   , this dog has finally been given a loving home after his   60   crossed with that of a woman living on the other side of the country.
41. A. assistance    B. exception    C. aim    D. name
42. A. devoted    B. expected    C. experienced    D. talented
43. A. patient    B. regular    C. curious    D. cautious
44. A. keepers    B. investors    C. colleagues    D. animals
45. A. broken    B. stolen    C. understood    D. lost
46. A. check    B. notice    C. suspect    D. imagine
47. A. happiness    B. freedom    C. hope    D. energy
48. A. visiting    B. walking    C. instructing    D. training
49. A. naturally    B. anxiously    C. still    D. obviously
50. A. excited    B. concerned    C. amazed    D. disappointed
51. A. stands up    B. looks down    C. jumps down    D. stares up
52. A. reward    B. means    C. consequence    D. symbol
53. A. packed    B. brought    C. purchased    D. delivered
54. A. meaningful    B. vital    C. tough    D. unusual
55. A. satisfied    B. inspired    C. honoured    D. determined
56. A. cleared up    B. cared for    C. settled into    D. met with
57. A. hitting    B. discussing    C. hearing    D. encouraging
58. A. customers    B. donators    C. employers    D. adopters
59. A. Increasingly    B. Pitifully    C. Delightfully    D. Deliberately
60. A. view    B. path    C. mind    D. story
第II卷
第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。
Just like every technological advancement, the next is set to be a huge deal, and such is the case for 5G. The wireless technology   61  (expect) to power self-driving cars, virtual reality, smart   62  (city), and networked robots.   63  (research) from King’s College London who have joined with Ericsson(ERIC) to dream up futuristic applications for 5G have looked at everything from music   64   medicine.
The team is working towards using   65   technology to transfer physical skills across networks and creating what they are calling the “Internet of Skills”. “With 5G and the new networking architecture we’re building, we’re hoping to get this delay down to just the speed of light,” said Mischa Dohler, a professor of wireless communications at King’s College.
Furthermore, 5G will   66  (hopeful) allow a surgeon with virtual reality equipment   67  (work) on the other side of the world via a robot. They will use haptic(触觉的) gloves,   68   will allow the surgeon to sense motion and pressure when   69  (operate) on a patient and can get instant feedback via the gloves.
Meanwhile, Dohler does not expect this to happen overnight and   70  (believe) it could take the “Internet of Skills” another decade before it is fully functional.

第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节 短文改错(共10小题:每小题1分,满分10分)
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
While drive several days ago, I saw a cyclist fall off his bike. I stopped my car immediate. Seeing his face was bleeding, I take out my first aid pack and treated his injuries with cold packs and bandages. Thankfully he hadn’t been hurt his head. Then I offered him ride to the nearest clinic, so he refused. He said he could go to the doctor myself. I was glad that I had those supply in my car, where I had never used before. I’ll continue to keep the first aid pack in my car in case everything like this happens again.

第二节 书面表达(满分25分)
为提高高三学生的锻炼意识和环保意识,你校学生会将于2020年1月1日上午9:00在宝湖公园组织一次plogging活动(跑步捡垃圾活动)。请你根据提示给高三师生写一则通知,内容包括:
1.活动目的;
2.活动内容;
3.注意事项。
注意:1.词数:100词左右;
2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

Notice
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
The Student Union

 
参考答案
第一部分 听力

第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
A
【答案】21-23 BDA
B
【答案】24-27 CACD

C
【答案】28-31 ABAD
D
【答案】32-35 DABC
第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
【答案】36-40 CFGEA
第三部分  英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
【答案】41-45 CABDB    46-50 BCADA    51-55 DBACD    56-60 CADCB
第II卷
第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
【答案】
61. is expected        62. cities        63. Researchers    64. to        65. the
66. hopefully        67. to work    68. which            69. operating    70. believes
第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节 短文改错(共10小题:每小题1分,满分10分)
【答案】
1.第一句,drive改为driving
2.第二句,Immediate改为immediately
3.第三句,take改为took
4.第四句,去掉been
5.第五句,ride前面加a
6.第五句,so改为but/ yet
7.第六句,myself改为himself
8.第七句,supply改为supplies
9.第七句,where改为which
10.第七句,everything改为something
第二节 书面表达(满分25分)
【范文】
Notice
In order to improve Senior Three students’ awareness of doing physical exercise and protecting the environment, the student Union intends to launch a plogging activity
It has been acknowledged that plogging is a new fitness trend with lots of advantages. Not only can you build up your body while jogging but also you can pick up rubbish along the road, which definitely contributes to the low—carbon lifestyle. It is at 9:00 am on January 1st, 2020 that the activity will take place in Baohu Park, which will last for approximately two hours.
Anyone who shows interest in it is welcome. It is suggested that you wear comfortable sports shoes and arrive on time.
The Student Union

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