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2020年高考英语考前45天冲刺试卷八(Word版附答案)

2020年高考考前45天大冲刺卷
英   语  (八)
注意事项:
1.答题前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡上。
2.考试结束后,请将本试题卷和答题卡一并上交。
第Ⅰ卷
第一部分 听力
本次训练无听力
第二部分  阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。
A
Product Description
Life Without Limits helps you clarify what you want in every area of your life. By using Bassett’s powerful techniques you will change; therefore your life will change. You control your life. And only you can take steps to change it. Life Without Limits helps you take back your power.
Life Without Limits helps you to achieve satisfaction and fulfillment personally, professionally, and financially. Once you have defined what success means for you, you will clarify your dreams and start pursuing them.
Product Details
Published in: 2001-12
Released on: 2001-12-24
Original language: English
Dimensions: 5.3*0.7*8 inches
Binding: Paperback
304 pages
About the Author
Lucinda Bassett is the founder and CEO of one of the most successful self-help companies in the country, the Midwest Center for Stress and Anxiety, Inc. Author of the national bestseller From Panic to Power, Lucinda Bassett produces and hosts the award-winning infomercial, Attacking Anxiety. She has shared her techniques with such clients as McDonalds, Chrysler, and AT&T. She has appeared on numerous talk shows, including Oprah and The View, and been featured in Family Circle, Reader’s Digest, and many more.
Customer Reviews
This book has helped me to gain hope and courage to cope with all my fears and worries. Lucinda writes with such a great understanding and sympathy. She herself had problems with panic and worry. Her positive thinking tips are easy to follow. I don’t get lost in a lot of mental problems. It’s as if she were holding your hand, sitting right beside you, cheering you on! I believe I can do anything I set my mind to after reading this book. However, there are some other readers holding the contrary views.
21. What is Life Without Limits about?
A. It encourages readers to realize their dreams.
B. It describes how hard the actual life is.
C. It shows readers what Lucinda Bassett is.
D. It implies it is hard to control your life.
22. Lucinda Bassett works as all the following except _______.
A. hostess                B. writer                C. teacher            D. businesswoman
23. We can conclude from the last paragraph that _______.
A. Lucinda has made a lot of money from the book
B. all the customers have some mental problems
C. all the customers don’t agree with what Lucinda wrote
D. Lucinda talks with the customer face to face
B
Being young is associated with all the good things in life—beauty, hope, and energy. But youth also has negative associations—impulsiveness, trouble-making, and irresponsibility. This negative side seems to be what society focuses on more, which is why young people have mostly been considered as idle and difficult.
But when it comes to Generation Z—those born between 1996 and 2010—this stereotype doesn’t seem to apply anymore.
In Japan, for example, Gen Z-ers are less likely to buy on impulse, but take into consideration more a product’s true value. “They’re looking at the companies, not just the products,” Masahiko Uotani, CEO of Japanese cosmetics company Shiseido, told Bloomberg. “They’re asking, ‘Are they really delivering value to the society? Are they promoting diversity and inclusion?’”
Gen Z-ers are also more grounded than we’ve expected them to be. According to a recent survey by Bank of America, more than half of young adults aged between 18 and 23 said they were planning to buy a house within five years. And they’re not just saying it—they are willing to make sacrifices for it, including getting a second job and saving money for down payment instead of spending it on a vacation.
“Despite their young age, this group is pragmatic and actively planning for their future,” D.Steve Boland, head of Consumer Lending at Bank of America, told USA Today. “They have a clear vision how they are willing to help themselves in order to make it happen.”
Social issues are also at the center of concern of Gen Z-ers, who take themselves as a changing force of the world. In India, for example, young people who have just reached the voting age are eager to vote for a new leader who is capable of solving problems that matter the most to them, including pollution, unemployment and women’s safety.
As a Gen-Zer yourself, what is your plan for the future?
24. What do the underlined words “this stereotype” in paragraph2 refer to?
A. Being young is good.
B. Gen Z-ers are born after 1996.
C. The traditional poor impressions on the youth.
D. The associations with young people.
25. We can infer from the third paragraph that _____________.
A. Gen Z-ers in Japan are picky                    B. The Gen Z-ers are self-centered
C. The Gen Z-ers care little about products        D. The Gen Z-ers are wise when shopping
26. What’s Steve Boland’s attitude to the Gen Z-ers?
A. Approving.            B. Negative.            C. Indifferent.            D. Critical.
27. Which of the following words may best describe the Gen Z-ers?
A. Confident and independent.                    B. Visionary and responsible.
C. Persistent and down-to-earth.                    D. Active and creative.
C
Move over, helicopter parents! “Snowplow(扫雪机) parents” are the newest reflection of an intensive(强化的) parenting style that can include parents booking their adult children haircuts, texting their college kids to wake them up so they don’t sleep through a test, and even calling their kids’ employers.
Helicopter parenting, the practice of wandering anxiously near one’s children, monitoring their every activity, is so 20th century. Some rich mothers and fathers now are more like snowplows: machines moving ahead, clearing any difficulties in their children’s path to success, so they don’t have to suffer failure, frustration(挫折) or lose opportunities.
It starts early, when parents get on wait lists for excellent preschools before their babies are born and try to make sure their kids never do anything that may frustrate them. It gets more intense when school starts: running forgotten homework to school or calling a coach to request that their children make the team.
Rich parents may have more time and money to devote to making sure their children don’t ever meet with failure, but it’s not only rich parents practicing snowplow parenting. This intensive parenting has become the most welcome way to raise children, regardless of income, education, or race.
Yes, it’s a parent’s job to support the children, and to use their adult wisdom to prepare for the future when their children aren’t mature enough to do so. That’s why parents hide certain toys from babies to avoid getting angry or take away a teenager’s car keys until he finishes his college applications.
But snowplow parents can take it too far, some experts say. If children have never faced a difficulty, what happens when they get into the real world?
“Solving problems, taking risks and overcoming frustration are key life skills,” many child development experts say, “and if parents don’t let their children experience failure, the children don’t acquire them.”
28. What do we know about snowplow parenting?
A. It appeared before helicopter parenting.
B. It costs parents less than helicopter parenting.
C. It was a typical phenomenon of the 20th century.
D. It provides more than enough services for children.
29. What does the fourth paragraph mainly say about snowplow parenting?
A. Its cost.            B. Its benefits.            C. Its popularity.            D. Its ending time.
30. Why does the author mention parents’ taking away car keys?
A. To show teenagers are no better than babies.
B. To advise teenagers not to treat their cars as toys.
C. To advise parents not to buy cars for their teenagers.
D. To show it’s correct to help children when necessary.
31. What’s the possible result of snowplow parenting according to the experts?
A. Children lacking problem-solving ability in reality.
B. Children mastering more key life skills than parents.
C. Children gaining great success in every aspect of life.
D. Children meeting no problems or frustration after growing up.
D
The Great Depression that followed the stock market crash of 1929 saw hundreds of thousands of Americans out of work. In the years of great fear and depression, a lot of American citizens looked desperately to the federal government for assistance. Of all the programs designed by President Roosevelt when he took office in 1932, few were more criticized—or had more lasting impact—than the Work Projects Administration, better known as the WPA.
The intention of the WPA, which functioned from 1935 to 1943, was to design and administer public works projects to help relieve unemployment. The majority of these projects involved historic or artistic attempts. The WPA’s Writers Project, for example, was responsible not only for such practical works as state guidebooks but also for the collection of historically valuable oral histories. Over 2,900 of these records were collected in 24 states. They provide an irreplaceable firsthand account of people’s diets, customs, celebrations, and political and religious beliefs at the time.
The artworks created through the Federal Arts Project are one of the WPA’s most lasting achievements. Out-of-work painters, both famous and unknown, created paintings that beautified schools, libraries, and government buildings, WPA photographers traveled across the country recording the hardships of life on small rural farms. When the United States entered World War Ⅱ in 1941, WPA artists were enlisted to produce posters supporting the war effort. Many WPA artworks, including hundreds of small drawings picturing scenes of everyday life, still exist today.
32. When did the Work Projects Administration begin to work?
A. In1929.            B. In1932.            C. In1935.            D. In 1943.
33. What can be inferred about the WPA?
A. It was made up of several components.
B. It was President Roosevelt’s favorite project.
C. It played an important role during World War Ⅱ.
D. It trained artists before sending them out to work.
34. How does the author mainly develop this text?
A. By examples.                            B. By comparison.
C. Through a true story.                    D. Through a persuasive argument.
35. What’s the main idea of the text?
A. President Roosevelt designed the WPA.
B. The WPA helped relieve unemployment.
C. WPA artists painted pictures in schools and libraries.
D. The WPA produced many valuable and lasting works.

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
Guide for Teenagers
The teenage years can be tough, and it’s normal to feel sad every now and then. But if these feelings don’t go away or become so intense that you can’t handle them, you may be suffering from depression.    36    
Try not to isolate yourself.
When you’re depressed, you may not feel like seeing anybody or doing anything. Just getting out of bed in the morning can be difficult, but isolating yourself only makes depression worse.   37   Spend time with friends, especially those who are active.
Keep your body healthy.
Making healthy lifestyle choices can do wonders for your mood. Ever heard of a “runners high”? Physical activity can be as effective as medications for depression, so get involved in sports, ride your bike, or take a dance class. Any activity helps!   38   As for food, make sure you’re feeding your mind with plenty of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
Avoid alcohol and drugs.
You maybe try drinking or use drugs in an effort to escape from your feelings and get a “mood boost”, even if just for a short time. However, substance use can not only make depression worse, but can cause you to become more depressed.   39   You will need special treatment for your substance problem.
  40   
Stress and worry can lead to depression. Talk to a teacher if exams or classes seem overwhelming. In addition, if you have a health concern you feel you can’t talk to your parents about, see a doctor. A health professional can help you approach your parents and guide you toward appropriate treatment. If you’re dealing with relationship, friendship, or family problems, talk to an adult you trust.
A. Even a short walk can be beneficial.
B. Turn to your parents for help.
C. As you get out into the world, you may find yourself feeling better.
D. In short, drinking and taking drugs will make you feel worse—not better—in the long run.
E. The more exercise you do, the healthier you will be.
F. Help is available and you have more power than you think.
G. Ask for help if you are stressed.

第三部分  英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节  完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
Donald lived in three different foster homes and changed schools with each move. The experience left him   41   and often dropping out of school, making Donald lose all   42   for school. Then he   43   Mr. Felipe, the CIS site coordinator(协调员) at his school.
Mr. Felipe   44   developed a plan to meet Donald’s needs. He   45   school supplies and clothes for Donald and encouraged him to join the schools karate(空手道) program. After months of working with Mr. Felipe, Donald’s   46   changed. He became more   47   and optimistic. He   48   making friends at school and building   49   with his teachers and classmates. Meanwhile, his grades   50   as well.
“My mom has   51   that my attitude has changed a lot, and my grades are much better too. I like to come to the CIS classroom because it is   52   to be here. Mr. Felipe gives us snacks and provides school supplies for us. We work in the garden and we get the   53   we need to study and do our homework. I feel happy and motivated when I come to this   54  .”
For Donald, Mr. Felipe is the person who changed his life. “I was in foster care when I was 4-5 years old and was   55   from my brother for part of the time. I’m back with my family now and happy to have them in my   56  ,” said Donald. “But I still   57   that time and the bad depression I felt. At school, art and football helped me forget and let it all   58  . It is Mr. Felipe who helped me when I was   59  . Because of him I became more serious about   60   and work in general.”
41. A. curious            B. depressed            C. satisfied            D. innocent
42. A. reason            B. chance                C. confidence            D. motivation
43 A. met                B. found                C. led                D. urged
44. A. suddenly            B. immediately        C. strangely            D. actually
45. A. mentioned            B. tried                C. purchased            D. reserved
46. A. attitude            B. study                C. ambition            D. future
47. A. ambitious            B. generous            C. flexible            D. outgoing
48. A. missed            B. continued            C. resisted            D. began
49. A. networks            B. targets                C. relationships        D. trends
50. A. shrank            B. changed            C. improved            D. erupted
51. A. noticed            B. argued                C. claimed            D. hoped
52. A. outstanding        B. fun                C. challenging            D. bearable
53. A. tool                B. help                C. money                D. love
54 A. program            B. design                C. experiment            D. research
55. A. put away            B. knocked off            C. split up            D. turned down
56. A. profession            B. life                C. emotion            D. experience
57. A. treasure            B. manage            C. keep                D. remember
58. A. go                B. heal                C. flow                D. tolerate
59. A. angry                B. concerned            C. upset                D. ambiguous
60. A. hobbies            B. relaxation            C. sports                D. school
第II卷
第二节  语法填空(共10小题,每小题1.5分,共15分)
阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。
Today, Mount Qomolangma’s peak is not a lonely place any more. Over 3500 people have          61  (successful) climbed the mountain over the past years. Meanwhile, climbers have complained about   62   (wait) for hours in the bottlenecks.
In fact, the dangerous   63  (crowd) aren’t the only problem. All those climbers need   64  (bring) a lot of gear(装置) and much of them ends up being left on the mountains, becoming the world’s   65  (tall) rubbish dump.
But the good news is   66   some mountaineers are overtaking it to clean up Qomolangma. Mountaineers Paul and Eberhard are part of Eco Everest Expedition which has been cleaning up rubbish since 2008. So far they   67  (collect)over 13 tons of garbage.
Some of that rubbish is even being used for   68   higher purpose. As part of the Mount Everest 8844 Art Project, a group of 15 artists Nepal collected 1.5 tons of garbage. They’ve changed the cans and oxygen tanks into74 piece of art that have are exhibited   69   Nepal’s capital. Part of the profit from sales   70  (be) available for the Everest Pakeers Association which has helped collect rubbish of the mountain.
61. successfully    62. waiting        63. crowds    64. to bring    65. tallest    
66. that            67. have collected    68. a            69. in        70. is
【解析】这是一篇议论文。有很多人成功登顶珠峰的同时,他们遗留的垃圾也造成了环境问题。幸好有环保登山者,他们致力于清理珠峰,并做出了巨大成绩。收集的垃圾被制成艺术品陈列在尼泊尔首都,目的是提醒人们环保登峰。
61.考查副词。句意:在过去的几年里已经有超过3500人成功登顶珠穆朗玛峰。climbed为动词,应用副词修饰。故填successfully。
62.考查动名词作宾语。句意:与此同时,登山者们抱怨在瓶颈路段等候时间很长。句中about是介词,其后接动名词形式作宾语。故填waiting。
63.考查主谓一致。句意:事实上,这些喜欢冒险的人群不是唯一的问题。分析句子结构可知,提示词作为句子主语,谓语动词是are,所以主语用复数形式。故填crowds。
64.考查固定短语。句意:所有的登山人员都需要带很多的装备,这些装备中有很多最终都被留在了珠峰上,成为世界上最高的垃圾场。根据固定搭配need to do sth(需要做某事)可知,此处应该用不定式形式。故填to bring。
65.考查形容词最高级。句中的rubbish dump是名词词组,所以用形容词修饰,再根据句意此处为“世界最高的垃圾场”,故用形容词最高级。故填tallest。
66.考查表语从句。句意:但好消息是一些登山者现在正在从事清扫珠穆朗玛峰的工作。分析句子机构可知,此处是表语从句,从句some mountaineers are overtaking it to clean up Qomolangma的句子成分和句意都是完整的,所以用连接词that。故填that。
67.考查时态。句意:到目前为止,他们已经收集了超过13吨垃圾。句中so far(到目前为止)是现在完成时的标志词,主语是they,故用have done。故填have collected。
68.考查冠词。句意:那些垃圾中的一部分甚至有一个更崇高的用途。句中purpose是可数名词,根据句意此处不是特指,故用不定冠词。故填a。
69.考查介词。句意:他们已经把易拉罐和氧气瓶变成了74件艺术品,这些艺术品已在尼泊尔的首都展出。根据句意可知,此处应为在尼泊尔的首都,所以使用介词in。故填in。
70.考查主谓一致。分析句子结构可知,be动词对应的主语是profit(利益,利润),它是不可数名词,根据全文判断时态为一般现在时。故填is。

第四部分  写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节  短文改错(共10小题:每小题1分,满分10分)
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
Everyone has a dream. We are on the way to achieve it whether the way is smooth or toughly. As Senior 3 student, I have the same dream as my classmates that I can be admitted to an ideal university. In the past three years, I have done everything I can to equip myself with that I have learnt from my teachers. Not only have I enjoyed the pleasure of study but also I have got closer to my dream. Anxious and pressure did discourage from me at times. Besides, with the encouragement of my teachers and classmates, I think I’ll make it.
I’m sure that there has still a long way to go to achieve my dream. No matter how challenged it is, I’ll make it come true. As the proverb said, “Where there’s a will, there’s a way.”

第二节  书面表达(满分25分)
假如你是李华,目前在英国一所学校交流学习。你的老师请你就中国饮食给同学们做口头交流。内容要点如下:
1.中国人对饮食的理解;
2.经典中国美食推荐。
注意:1.词数100左右;
2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
2020年高考考前45天大冲刺卷
英语(八)答案
第一部分 听力(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

第二部分  阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
A
【答案】21-23 ACC
B
【答案】24-27 CDAB
C
【答案】28-31 DCDA
D
【答案】32-35 CAAD

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
【答案】36-40 FCADG
第三部分  英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节  完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
【答案】41-45 BDABC   46-50 ADDCC   51-55 ABBAC   56-60 BDACD
第II卷
第二节  语法填空(共10小题,每小题1.5分,共15分)
【答案】
61. successfully    62. waiting        63. crowds    64. to bring    65. tallest    
66. that            67. have collected    68. a            69. in        70. is
第四部分  写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节  短文改错(共10小题:每小题1分,满分10分)
【答案】
1.第二句,achieve改为achieving
2.第二句,toughly改为tough
3.第三句,在Senior前加a
4.第四句,that改为what
5.第六句,Anxious改为Anxiety
6.第六句,去掉from
7.第七句,Besides改为However
8.第八句,has改为is
9.第九句,challenged改为challenging
10.第十句,said改为says
第二节  书面表达(满分25分)
【范文】
Hello, everyone! I’m Li Hua, an exchange student from China. Knowing you are interested in Chinese food, I’m very glad to tell you something about it.
For Chinese, eating is not only a way of surviving but also reveals your attitude towards life. Having a good meal, tasty and healthy, means happiness.
And I’d like to recommend some delicious Chinese food to you. The first is hot pot, which originates from Sichuan. When eating hotpot, you can put everything you like in the boiling water in the oven. It’s very spicy but delicious. And the next is Zong zi. It is a kind of food made by rice wrapped in bamboo leaves. And I prefer sweet Zongzi.
That’s all. Hope this can help you better understand Chinese food.

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版权声明:以上文章中所选用的图片及文字来源于网络以及用户投稿,由于未联系到知识产权人或未发现有关知识产权的登记,

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