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北京东城区2019届高三英语二模试卷(有答案)

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2019北京市东城区高三二模
英语
2019.5
第一部分:知识运用(共两节,45分)
第一节 语法填空(共10小题;每小题1.5分, 共15分)
A
World Environment Day is a UN Environment-led global event, 1 takes place on June 5 every year and is celebrated by thousands of communities worldwide. Since it began in 1972, it has grown to become the 2 (large) of all the celebrations of environment each year. China owns half the world’s electric vehicles and 99% of the world’s electric buses. By 3 (host) World Environment Day 2019, the Chinese government will be able to showcase its innovation and progress toward a cleaner environment.
B
Why do people want to go to university? For some, it is the desire to lear n. At university, you 4 (teach) by lecturers and professors who may be  leading experts 5 their fields. The opportunity to learn from them is what drives some people 6 (apply) to university. For others, going to university provides the all-important stepping-stone for their careers. However, for the majority of7 (west) people, university means freedom from home.
C
Billions of poor people around the world 8 (depend) on the use of wood for cooking. And as they take more and more firewood from wild areas, they are destroying habitats around the world. Wood collection is one reason why many animals have become endangered.
This is 9 Dr. Metcalf spends each summer in Africa. He wants to teach women and children in villages how to cook with the sun. He helped create Solar Cookers International. It’s an organization that introduces solar cookers to developing countries 10 teaches people how to use them.
第二节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,共30分)
Two birthdays, One mistake
Zackary Johnson has a birthday coming up in a few days, so it wasn’t surprising to have an envelope addressed to him last week.
His mom, Glenda, 11 immediately that it was spelled “Zachary” Johnson. She didn’t find that unusual because many people spell Zackary’s name 12. But the sender’s pre-printed label made her confused. That name didn’t 13 up to anyone of her friends or relatives. She asked her husband, “Do you 14 this name?” “Nope,” Steve responded and became somewhat 15.
Still, they agreed to 16 the envelope to their son to see what was in it. Zack opened it to 17 $20 in a birthday card that said “Happy Birthday, Zachary!” He was 18and was ready to go shopping!![]
However, the 19 increased for Glenda. The card was unsigned. She was wondering why a 20 would send money to her son and 21 he would know it was Zack’s birthday. A variety of scenes can go 22 parents’ minds, especially when they hear stories about Internet crimes. They knew they would have to make some inquiries not only to give them 23, but also to protect their son.
“I know who that fellow is! He is an old farmer that lives out on Hillberry Road.” Glenda’s dad said when he was informed of the 24.
So the couple quickly drove out into the country and found the house. 25, no one was home. Steve decided to leave a brief but 26 message that the call should be returned as soon as possible.
The next day the old farmer called. The farmer’s great grandson, Zachary Johnson, had recently moved with his parents to Heavenly Drive. That’s the street where Zackary Johnson 27. The farmer was sure surprised by the 28 of events. He figured he’d have to send another card to his grandson. But Zackary Johnson, who is turning eleven years old in a few days, did the right thing. He and his parents 29 their way down Heavenly Drive to the home of Zachary Johnson who is turning four years old in a few days. They 30 Zachary’s great grandfather’s card with the $20. Plus, Zackary Johnson wished Zachary Johnson a very Happy Birthday.
11. A. expected        B. guessed        C. added        D. noticed
12. A. hesitantly        B. incorrectly        C. quickly         D. naturally
13. A. match        B. back            C. call            D. build
14. A. sign        B. like            C. bear            D. recognize
15. A. embarrassed    B. discouraged        C. concerned        D. ashamed
16. A. present        B. return        C. address        D. drop
17. A. hold        B. find            C. reach            D. pay
18. A. relieved        B. relaxed        C. amused        D. excited
19. A. unease        B. anger            C. regret        D. sadness
20. A. relative        B. friend        C. stranger        D. farmer
21. A. who        B. what            C. when            D. how
22. A. over        B. beyond        C. through        D. against
23. A. faith        B. peace        C. satisfaction        D. confidence
24. A. secret        B. crime        C. conclusion        D. situation
25. A. Amazingly    B. Unfortunately        C. Interestingly        D. Undoubtedly
26. A. urgent        B. updated        C. warning        D. flexible
27. A. walks        B. travels        C. lives            D. moves
28. A. turn        B. order            C. error            D. trend
29. A. changed        B. made            C. pushed        D. cleared
30. A. held        B. showed        C. delivered        D. purchased
第二部分:阅读理解(共两节,40分)
第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,共30分)
A
Preschool girl lifts old man’s spirits
When Tara Wood brought her daughter to a grocery store to buy the four-year-old some cupcakes, she had no idea that would be a life-changing experience. []
As Tara pushed her daughter Norah around the store last month, she passed an old man who was by himself. The old man looked cold, until Norah shouted to him, “Hi! It’s my birthday today!” The man stopped and his demeanor changed from distant and serious to warm and friendly. “How old are you today?” the man asked. After some time talking together, Norah asked her mom to take a picture of her with her new friend “Mr Dan”, Dan Peterson, 82. They hugged and after ten minutes went their separate ways. That could have been the end of the story. But it is actually the beginning of a special relationship.
Tara posted the picture of her daughter and Mr. Dan on Facebook and someone who recognized him reached out to her with his contact information. It turned out that Mr. Dan’s wife died in March and he had been suffering from depression and anxiety ever  since. The person on Facebook told Tara that it was the first time they had seen Mr. Dan smile since the death of his wife. Knowing that, Tara contacted Mr. Dan, and ever since Norah and the 82-year-old have developed a friendship unlike any other. “She has shown me a depth of love, a depth that I didn’t know existed,” Mr. Dan told the reporter.
Mr. Dan told Tara that before meeting Norah, he hadn’t had one night of uninterrupted sleep. Anxiety kept him up at all hours and made him restless. After meeting Norah, he said he now sleeps soundly. For Mr. Dan’s 82nd birthday on October 20, the mother and the daughter brought balloons and presents—and, of course, cupcakes. Mr. Dan will also spend a day around Thanksgiving with Norah and her family. “If you don’t take the time to notice people, you will never know how you can positively impact a life,” Tara Wood said.
[]
31. Mr. Dan looked cold because _____.
A. he felt lonely                    B. he disliked little kids
C. nobody had hugged him        D. he knew little about Norah
32. The underlined word “demeanor” in Paragraph 2 probably means _____.
A. words        B. body            C. thoughts        D. attitude
33. How did Tara know more about Mr. Dan?
A. From a news reporter.            B. From a stranger.
C. From a shop assistant.            D. From his neighbor.
34. What can we learn from the story?
A. Giving makes a real difference.
B. It is important to respect each other.
C. We should not judge a person at first sight.
D. Good things will happen if one keeps trying.

 
B
 
The STAR Eco Station is an environmental science museum, a wildlife rescue center, and a shelter for endangered and illegally-traded foreign animals confiscated(没收)by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. It carries out the mission “Preservation t hrough Education” by educating visitors about the preservation of the environment and the inter-dependence of all living things.
Field trips
STAR Eco Station hosts field trips for schools and camps throughout Southern California. Each field trip lasts two hours, consisting of a one-hour gathering and a one-hour tour of the facility, with lessons associated with California State Science Standards.
Throughout the field trip, students learn about the latest developments in environmental protection and the ways in which wildlife interacts with various ecosystems. The students also receive an up-close and hands-on experience with our rescued foreign wildlife. The tour includes different environmental exhibits that showcase the ways students can help protect animals in the wild.
Field trips are offered on weekdays only, from 10 a.m.-12 p.m. or 12 p.m.-2 p.m. The rate is $6 per visitor, both child and adult, with a $120 minimum. We offer one free adult per 10 children for groups of 40 or more. Maximum capacity is 120 people per field trip.[
Public tours
Guided tours of the STAR Eco Station introduce visitors to over two hundred rescued foreign wildlife. Each tour is led by an Eco Station staff member, and features fun animal facts, hands-on animal encounters, surprising rescue stories, environmental exhibits, and original approaches to going green. Visitors may only see the animals on a guided tour, for both your safety and the safety of our animals.
The guided tour lasts approximately 45-60 minutes. Visitors are served on a first-come, first-served basis. No reservations are required. However, tours may sell out. We suggest larger groups schedule a private tour.
Note:
Our regular public tours times are subject to change without notice. Please call in advance for the most up-to-date information.





35. The STAR Eco Station aims to ________.
A. help research wildlife abroad            B. collect money for animal shelters
C. raise awareness of wildlife protection        D. provide a knowledge of unusual animals
36. What can students do during a field trip?
A. Make a speech on the environment.        B. Take part in foreign wildlife rescue.
C. Get to know why species get endangered.    D. Learn how livin g things affect each other.
37. For a guided tour, visitors should know that _____.
A. large groups are served first                B. it is available on weekdays
C. its time could change                    D. booking is needed
C
Love the way you walk
Listen carefully to the footsteps in the family home, and you can probably work out who is walking about. The features most commonly used to identify people are faces, voices and fingerprints. But the way they walk is also a giveaway.
Researchers have used video cameras and computers to analyze people’s gaits, and are now quite good at it. But translating such knowledge into a practical identification system can be tricky. Cameras are often visible, are difficult to set up, require good lighting and may have their view blocked by other people. A team led by Dr. Ozanyan and Dr. Scully have been looking for a better way to recognize gait. Their answer: pressure-sensitive mats.
Such mats are nothing new. They have been part of security systems. But Ozanyan and Scully use a complicated version that can record the amount of pressure applied in different places as someone walks across it. These measurements form a pattern unique to the walker. The researchers turned to an artificial-intelligence system to recognize such patterns, and it seemed to work. In a study in 2018, they tested the system on a database of footsteps of 127 people. They found its error rate in identifying who was who was a mere 0.7%. And Scully says even without a database of footsteps to work with, the system can determine someone’s sex and, with reasonable accuracy, a subject’s age.
One application of the mat-based gait-recognition system might be in health care, particularly for the elderly. A mat placed in a nursing home or an old person’s own residence could monitor changes in an individual’s gait that indicates certain illnesses. That would provide early warning of someone being at greater risk of falling ov er.
Gait analysis might also be used as a security measure in the workplace, monitoring access to restricted areas, such as parts of military bases, server farms or laboratories dealing with dangerous materials.
Perhaps the most interesting use of the mats, though, would be in public places, such as airports. For that to work, the footsteps of those to be recognized would need to have been stored in a database, which would be harder to arrange than the collection of photographs and fingerprints that existing airport security systems rely on. Many aircrew or preregistered frequent flyers would welcome anything that speeded up one of the most tiresome parts of modern travel.
38. What is mainly talked about in Paragraph 2?
A. Research equipment.                    B. Research findings.
C. Research assumption.                    D. Research background.
39. According to Paragraph 3, the mat is used to _______.
A. collect data                        B. ensure safety
C. determine age                        D. analyse pressure
40. The gait-recognition system might be applied to _____.
    A. monitor security work progress             B. detect potential health problems
    C. keep track of travelling frequency        D. warn passengers of possible dangers
41. The main purpose of the passage is to _____.
A. compare and educate        B. examine and assess
C. discuss and persuade                    D. explain and inform
D
Overtourism: A growing global problem
The summer holidays are in full swing—and protests against overtourism have begun in a number of popular European cities. Barcelona, in particular, is at the centre of th ese mounting concerns about the rapid growth of tourism in cities, especially during peak holiday periods. In fact, there were 30 million overnight visitors in 2017, compared to a resident population of 1,625,137 in Barcelona.
While many tourists want to “live like a local” during their visits, the residents of many tourism-dependent destinations are seeing the unique sense of place that characterised their home towns vanish beneath a wave of souvenir shops, crowds, tour buses and noisy bars. Overtourism is harming the landscape, damaging beaches, and pricing residents out of the housing market. It is a hugely complex issue that is often oversimplified.
It can have an impact in multiple ways. The international cruise(游轮) industry, for example, delivers thousands of passengers daily to destination ports. While comparatively little is returned to communities, cruise activity creates physical and visual pollution.
City residents also bear the cost of tourism growth. As cities transform to offer service to tourists, the global travel supply chain advances. This goes with increasing property speculation(房产投机) and rising costs of living for local communities. Airbnb, for example, has been accused of reducing housing affordability and displacing residents.
In addition, overcrowding and the establishment of typical tourism-focused businesses, such as clubs, bars and souvenir shops, overpower local businesses—and noisy and unmanageable tourist behaviour is common. This weakens the uniqueness of destinations and leads to crowd and waste management pressures.
Clearly, tourism brings jobs, investment and economic benefits to destinations. But overtourism occurs when tourism expansion fails to acknowledge that there are limits. Local government and planning authorities have so far been powerless to deal with the irresistible influence of the global tourism supply chain. This has led to widespread “tourist-phobia”—first described by Manuel Delgado more than a decade ago as a mixture of rejection, mistrust and disrespect for tourists.
Dealing with overtourism must now be a priority. Managing the flow of tourists seems an

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