湖南师大附中2019届高考英语模拟试题(二)带解析

时间:2019-05-16 作者: 试题来源:网络

湖南师大附中2019届高考英语模拟试题(二)带解析

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章 来源莲山课件 ww w.
5 Y k j.CoM

湖南师大附中2019届高考模拟卷(二)
英  语


本试题卷分为听力、阅读理解、语言知识运用和写作四个部分,共14页。时量120分钟。满分150分。
第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)
做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。
第一节 (共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
                                        

例: How much is the shirt?
A.£19.15.  B.£9.18.  C.£9.15.
答案是C。
(A)1. How does the woman feel?
A. Discouraged.  B. Satisfied.  C. Guilty.
(C)2. What is the probable relationship between the speakers?
A. Husband and wife.  B. Mother and son.  C. Doctor and patient.
(B)3. How much is the blue dress?
A. $170.  B. $85.  C. $70.
(A)4. What is the man doing?
A. Playing with his daughter.
B. Playing a joke on the woman.
C. Playing a game on his smart phone.
(B)5. What does the man mean?
A. Bob said nothing at the lecture.
B. Bob doesn't listen to him.
C. Something is wrong with Bob's ears.
第二节 (共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)
听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。
(A)6. What is the man most probably?
 A. A renter.  B. A carpet seller.  C. A housekeeper.
(A)7. What does the man want the woman to do?
A. Better the house.
B. Pay more.
C. Get the house ready before next week.
听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。
(C)8. How does the man feel about Paul?
 A. Considerate and hard-working.
B. Kind-hearted and helpful.
C. Sociable and reliable.
(B)9. What does the man do at the end of the conversation?
 A. He introduces a friend to the woman.
B. He invites the woman to a party.
C. He goes out with the woman.
听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。
(C)10.What type of food does the new restaurant serve?
A. Indian food.  B. Japanese food.  C. Italian food.
(B)11.Who might Sara be?
 A. A restaurant worker.
  B. A friend of the speakers'.
C. The man's wife.
(A)12.When will the man make a reservation for?
 A. Monday evening.  B. Tuesday afternoon.  C. Saturday evening.
听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。
(B)13.What was stressful for Mike after he arrived in China?
 A. Writing an essay.
B. Ordering Chinese food.
C. Having a drive.
(C)14. What does Mike think most effective in terms of learning Chinese?
 A. Having a learned teacher.  
B. Attending a Chinese class.  
C. Spending time with a Chinese friend.
(C)15. Whom does Mike want to share his experience with?
 A. English majors.
B. Life-long learners.
C. Foreigners who learn Chinese.
(A)16. How many foreigners learned Chinese in 2014?
A. 100 million.  B. 110 million.  C. 90 million.
听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。
(B)17. What is Stephanie?
A. A radio broadcaster.
B. A worker in the program.
C. A representative of the volunteer families.
(C)18. Which is NOT the requirement for a volunteer family?
A. Having a background check.
B. Receiving necessary training.
C. Having relevant experiences.
(A)19. What may be the purpose of the program?
A. To exchange cultural experiences.
B. To help foreign students learn English.
C. To expand the influence of American culture.
(B)20. How can one contact Stephanie for help?
A. By visiting her in person.
B. By giving her a call.
C. By sending her an email.
第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节 (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。
                         

A
Besides walking the red carpet and living the glamorous life, these celebrities, including Angelina Jolie, Lauren Conrad, Prince William and Kate Middleton and Matt Damon, are working hard to make the world a better place. Read up on their charities!
Angelina Jolie
It's safe to bet that the mother of six has headlined more humanitarian efforts than her acting credits. “I came into this business young and only worried about my own experiences, my own pain. And it was only when I began to travel and look at life beyond my home that I came up with an idea to start a worthwhile program,” she said when receiving the Humanitarian Award.
Lauren Conrad
After traveling to markets around the world, Lauren Conrad and her friend founded The Little Market, an organization that works with female artisans across the globe to “lessen poverty, empower communities, and create social justice”. “We have been traveling all over the world to find local female craftsmen in the communities and sell their handmade products through our online store,” Lauren wrote on her blog.
Prince William and Kate Middleton
Instead of asking their wedding guests to buy them fine china or stock their wine collection, the couple requested that donations be made to the Royal Wedding Charitable Gift Fund. According to the Palace, approximately $1.7 million was raised through their generosity.
Matt Damon
Matt Damon and Gary White co-founded non-profit Water.org, an organization pioneering solutions to provide people across the world with access to safe water and sanitation(卫生设备).“I hope to raise global consciousness about the importance of this challenge and the solutions,” says Damon. “I have four girls of my own and I want them to be proud of the impact I'm making in the world.”
(C)21. What do the celebrities mentioned have in common?
A. They raised a lot of money.
B. They are famous actors and actresses.
C. They are contributing to a better world.
D. They are running non-profit organizations.
【解析】从第一段第一句可知。
(B)22. Who is most likely to help those suffering from wars and disasters?
A. Lauren Conrad.  B. Angelina Jolie.
C. Kate Middleton.  D. Matt Damon.
【解析】从第二段可知。
(A)23. How does The Little Market help reduce poverty ?
A. By helping sell women's handcrafts.
B. By providing safe water.
C. By teaching women arts.
D. By making donations.     
【解析】根据第三段可知。
B
Everyone must find his or her own best path to lasting weight loss. For Alice Fields, it took getting off the treadmill(跑步机) and getting into powerlifting, along with following a nutritional plan that didn't focus on restricting foods. Now, Alice wants everyone to know that there's more than one way to lose weight and get in shape.
“I've always struggled with my weight,” says Alice. “By the age of 22, I weighed 92 kilos, despite running at least five kilometers every morning, intense training and restricting what I was eating.” Sure, she saw results here and there. But she'd lose a few kilos and then put on more. All of that changed when a friend introduced her to powerlifting, and she discovered an eating plan called If It Fits Your Macros(IIFYM). The IIFYM plan looks at all foods in the three main categories: protein, fats and carbohydrates. It enables you to eat the foods you love and have a happy mind.
  What Alice has been trying to say is that there isn't just one way to lose weight. For her, running for hours on end and restricting herself to a clean diet wasn't the answer. “Just move, and be aware of what food you're putting in your body. How much you move and how you move is entirely up to you,” said Alice.
  “I went from doing 90 percent cardio(有氧运动) to mainly powerlifting and cardio for fun.” And it worked for her. People write to Alice and ask her to tell them exactly what to eat and how to move, but her answer is always to just keep moving and eat to support your goal.
She wants to make it absolutely clear that she does not advocate the ideas that being slim equals being beautiful. What she advocates is “taking your life into your own hands and doing what makes you feel good. Find a way to burn calories that you enjoy and a way that you can continue to do as part of your life.”
(C)24.Why did Alice give up her previous way of losing weight?
A. It made her exhausted.
B. It prevented her enjoying anything tasty.
C. It failed to guarantee lasting effects.
D. It lacked fun.
【解析】从文章的第一段第一句和第二段“...despite running at least five kilometers every morning, intense training and restricting what I was eating.”Sure, she saw results here and there. But she'd lose a few kilos and then put on more.可以看出答案。
(D)25. The reason why Alice takes the IIFYM plan is that________.
A. it advocates eating as much as one can
B. it limits people to clean diets
C. it only includes foods with protein, fats and carbohydrates
 D. it helps balance eating and moving
【解析】从文章的第二段最后两句The IIFYM plan looks at all foods in the three main categories: protein, fats and carbohydrates. It enables you to eat the foods you love and have a happy mind.可知。
(B)26. What is Alice's advice for those who have written to her?
A. Focusing on intense training every day.
    B. Paying more attention to feeling good.
C. Losing as much weight as possible.
D. Getting off the treadmill.
【解析】从文章最后一段中可以得到答案。
(A)27. The passage has been written mainly to ________.
A. advise finding enjoyable ways to lose weight
B. explain a quick way to lose weight
C. advertise a new weight-loss product
D. tell people to keep a restricted diet
【解析】文中的首段和尾段都有提及。
C
Last weekend was terrible for awards ceremonies. The Baftas, defined by a painful monologue(独角戏) from Joanna Lumley, was watched by 500,000 fewer people than last year. Meanwhile, the number of 18- to 49-year-olds watching the Grammys has reached an all-time low.
Don't expect the Oscars to fare any better; they have lost millions of viewers since 2014. Add to this the fact that comparatively few people have watched most of the nominated films and you have got a ratings time bomb.
Viewers are deserting awards shows in groups and something needs to be done. But what? Reorganize them to celebrate really popular work? That's what the Oscars put forward last year when it suggested a best popular film  category—and it was swiftly booed(喝倒彩) out of town.
Another option would be to shorten the length of the ceremonies, but this won't work either; the Oscars recently announced plans to hide several categories in ad breaks, and the anger in some quarters (the cinematographers, makeup artists and editors who this year won't get their moment on the small screen) has been obvious.
What else can they do? Fewer songs? Shorter speeches? An In Memoriam section that consists of the words: “People die: get over it”?
Fortunately, I have the perfect solution: don't televise awards shows. Just don't do it. Awards shows are the opposite of good television. They're too long and too boring because of regular and repeated patterns and too self-important. And by God, we should have learned by now not to give celebrities any more attention than they already have. It just makes them think that we want to hear them giving out half-baked opinions about Donald Trump and Brexit.
I'm not suggesting that the awards shows shouldn't happen. I'm just saying that the awards should be announced in the form of a press release at the end of the ceremony, followed by a handful of YouTube clips showing some nice outfits and a couple of speeches. That's how most of us consume them now anyway. Why not just bite the bullet?
(B)28. Why does the writer mention the Baftas and the Grammys?
A. To introduce the topic of the article.
B. To support the topic of the paragraph.
C. To attract the readers' attention.
D. To make comparison with the Oscars.
【解析】第一段第一句话是论点,后面两句是论据。Baftas是指“英国电影和电视艺术学院奖”,Grammys是“美国格莱美奖”。
(A)29. What does the underlined word “it” in Paragraph 3 refer to?
A. The best popular film category.
B.  The best actress.
C. The reorganized Oscars.
D. The deserted awards show.
【解析】从That's what the Oscars put forward last year when it suggested a best popular film  category—and it was swiftly booed(喝倒彩) out of town.可知答案。此句意为:这就是奥斯卡去年讨论的话题,当时它提出了一个最受欢迎的电影奖项,但是很快就被嘘声出局了。
(D)30. What's the writer's opinion on awards shows?
A. Awards shows are better if shortened.
B. Awards shows are excellent television.
C. Awards shows are important to us.
D. Awards shows should be shown in another form.
【解析】从最后一段可知作者并不是认为这些颁奖典礼不能举行,而是认为可以换种形式播放。I'm just saying that the awards should be announced in the form of a press release at the end of the ceremony, followed by a handful of YouTube clips showing some nice outfits and a couple of speeches. 可知答案。最后一段意为:我并不是说不应该举办颁奖典礼。我只是说奖项应该在仪式结束时以新闻稿的形式公布,然后在YouTube上放一些视频剪辑,展示一些不错的服装和几个演讲,这正是我们当前观看颁奖典礼的主要方式,所以为什么不咬紧牙直接这样做呢?
(C)31. Which of the following can be the best title of the text?
A. The bright future of awards shows
B. What terrible awards shows
C. Stop the television of awards shows
D. Boycott attention to celebrities
【解析】文章主要意思是说颁奖典礼收视率下降,作者建议不要在电视上播出,可以换种其他的形式。
D
In the 1950s, Central American commercial banana growers were facing the death of their most economical product, the Gros Michel banana. Now it's happening again to its successor—the Cavendish.
With its easily transported, thick-skinned and sweet-tasting fruit, the Gros Michel banana plant dominated the plantations of Central America. United Fruit, the main grower and exporter in South America at the time, mass-produced its bananas in the most efficient way possible: it cloned shoots from the stems of plants instead of growing plants from seeds, and cultivated them in densely packed fields.
  Unfortunately, these conditions are also perfect for the spread of the fungus, which attacks the plant's roots and prevents it from transporting water to the stem and leaves. The TR-1 strain of the fungus was resistant to crop sprays and travelled around on boots or the tyres of trucks, slowly infecting plantations across the region. In an attempt to escape the fungus, farmers abandoned infected fields, flooded them and then replanted crops somewhere else, often cutting down rainforest to do so.
  Their efforts failed. So they searched for a variety of bananas that the fungus didn't affect. They found the Cavendish, which wasn't as well suited to shipping as the Gros Michel, but its bananas tasted good enough to keep consumers happy. Most importantly, TR-1 didn't seem to affect it. In a few years, United Fruit had saved itself from bankruptcy by filling its plantations with thousands of the new plants. However, the Cavendish banana itself is far from safe. In 2015, the exports of Cavendish bananas had dropped by 46 per cent thanks to a combination of another strain


章 来源莲山课件 ww w.
5 Y k j.CoM
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