英 语 2019.5
第一节 语法填空（共10小题；每小题1.5分, 共15分）
My trip to Paris was so memorable. First of all, the hotel was fantastic. It overlooked the Seine, the famous river I __1__ (read) about in so many po ems. We listened to the laughter of the children and watched the river run by __2__ (slow) below. Next, Montmartre was a wonderful place for painters. The air was filled with the sounds of happy people and the smell of paint. __3__ I enjoyed most were the cafes. There I had a cup of coffee and watched people on the street. Everyone had a sense of style.
Football is a popular sport with fans all over the world. There is, however, an indoor version of the game __4__ (know) as “table football”. It was invented in 1921 and people __5__ (get) great pleasure from it since then. The game is played on a special table. Players control their “team” by turning sticks, to which the “players” are attached. As in real football, __6__ (point) will be awarded when putting the ball in the other players’ goal. Table football requires using hands and eyes together excellently, which is really exciting.
Shark attacks can be deadly, but they are not common. Each year, sharks usually kill fewer than 10 people worldwide, and about 100 people __7__ (injure). You are more likely to be attacked in parts of the sea __8__ tourists throw in food to bring in sharks. However, people are dangerous to sharks, too. 60 million sharks are killed __9__ food and medicine every year. As a result, some kinds of sharks may die out completely. __10__ (protect) these wonderful animals, some countries have made programs to help them survive.
The sandwich man
Michael rises every morning at 4:00, in good and bad weather, and walks into his sandwich shop. By 5:50, he’s making the rounds of the shelters on Centre Streets. He __11__ out 200 sandwiches to the homeless, before beginning his workday.
It started 20 years ago when Michael came across a homeless man named John. He began to help him __12__ effort then. Day after day, he brought John some food and, when it was really __13__, a resting place in his car while he worked. Once he asked John if he wanted to get cleaned up. It was a(n) __14__ offer, because Michael thought John would refuse. __15__, John said, “Are you going to wash me?” Michael knew that he was looking at a __16__ of his promise. It was at the moment that Michael __17__ to help the homeless.
Michael began his work. He received no sponsorship, saying, “I’m not getting media __18__. I just want to do some good in my way. There are days when it’s snowing, and I have a hard time leaving my warm bed and the __19__ of my family to go downtown with sandwiches. But I’ve __20__.”
Michael makes 200 sandwiches every day for the past 20 years. “I don’t simply __21__ the sandwiches on a table for the homeless to pick up. I shake their hands and __22__ them a good day,” says Michael. Once Mayor (市长) Koch came to make the rounds with him. They __23__ the media, and it seemed like it was just the two of them. But of all Michael’s __24__, working side by side with the Mayor was not as important as working next to someone else…
A man had __25__ from the sandwich takers, and Michael thought about him from time to time. He hoped the man had moved on to a more __26__ environment. One day, the man came back, greeting Michael and __27__ sandwiches of his own to hand out. He said Michael’s daily food, warm handshakes and wishes had given him the __28__ he badly needed. After achieving some success, he decided to do the same thing as Michael.
The moment needed no __29__. The two men worked silently, side by side, handing out their sandwiches. It was another day on Centre Streets, but a day with just a little more __30__.
11. A. picks B. sets C. gives D. finds
12. A. with B. around C. from D. over
13. A. sunny B. warm C. cloudy D. cold
14. A. silly B. empty C. crazy D. free
15. A. Fortunately B. Disappointedly C. Surprisingly D. Thankfully
16. A. test B. gift C. trick D. view
17. A. demanded B. agreed C. pretended D. determined
18. A. benefit B. attention C. sympathy D. information
19. A. comfort B. wealth C. value D. honor
20. A. suffered B. hesitated C. managed D. wondered
21. A. check B. lay C. match D. cover
22. A. witness B. predict C. follow D. wish
23. A. ignored B. blamed C. confirmed D. handl ed
24. A. situations B. memories C. schedules D. professions
25. A. escaped B. volunteered C. disappeared D. survived
26. A. competitive B. complex C. familiar D. stable
27. A. carrying B. seeking C. occupying D. treating
28. A. responsibility B. permission C. encouragement D. achievement
29. A. purpose B. dialogue C. relief D. doubt[
30. A. luck B. fun C. pride D. hope
31. What is the advantage of Fineways’ new food labels?
A. They provide extra nutritional information.
B. They warn customers about unhealthy foods.
C. They show different customers’ nutritional needs.
D. They remind customers of the harm of unbalanced nutrition.
32. According to the passage, the new labelling system can help to ______.
A. reduce the amount of food you take
B. follow GDAs by mixing various foods
C. make your choice of more delicious food
D. satisfy the growing demands for nutrition
33. Where is the passage most probably taken from?
A. A dinner menu.
B. A research report.
C. A fashion magazine.
D. An advice brochure.
Open water swimming
I had only swum in open water a few times, and always in gentle lakes, so I wasn’t prepared for how rough Lake Windermere appeared on a cold day. A swimmer told me the water felt colder than it had been measured, and that the water was a bit rough. But I, along with 10,000 others, was about to complete the challenge.
Most of the people taking part were doing a one-mile race, and 10 races were planned over the weekend. There seemed to be a mix of open-water enthusiasts alongside complete beginners—which is precisely the aim of the swims, to get as many people as possible completing their own challenge. The oldest woman competing was 77, taking part in the two-mile race, alongside a man who last year had swum in every one-mile race.
I had chosen the third one-mile race of the day. There were over 600 people in my race. We were taken through an acclimatization area, a children’s paddling pool-sized part of the lake where we moved in to feel how cold the water was. “Not too bad” was everyone’s thought! Then we headed out towards the middle of the lake.
We’d been warned that the first 100 metres would be really rough. However, somewhere near the 750m mark I was still waiting for the calm; it felt more like swimming in the sea than a lake. I tried to focus on my breathing and technique, and just keep going. As I approached the 400m-to-go mark my lower right leg became painful. I recalled overhearing people talking about how they kept swimming through the pain, so I tried. But it didn’t work. I began to feel the entire leg tight and painful. I didn’t want to stop, so I bent my right knee and just kicked with the left leg.
Finally I saw the finishing post, and I just concentrated on getting there—still one-legged. My finishing time was 38 minutes 25 seconds but that didn’t matter—the atmosphere was fantastic and everyone felt a sense of achievement, whatever their time. I’m hooked, and want to give it another go. I’ve already signed up for my next open-water swim.
34. How did the author feel before the race?
A. Scared of the most challenging race.
B. Disappointed by the difficult conditions.
C. Concerned about the other swimmers in the race.
D. Determined to be as tough as the people around her.
35. Why does the author mention the two people in Paragraph 2?
A. To stress the importance of the race.
B. To praise the experienced swimmers.
C. To show the wide range of the participants.
D. To introduce the various events of the race.
36. The author suggests in Paragraph 4 that ______.
A. the race would cause breathing problems
B. the race became harder than she had expected
C. it was really necessary to prepare for tough swims
D. it would have been easier if she had taken others’ advice
37. What does the author talk about in the last paragraph?
A. Her confidence in her own ability.
B. Her pride in having swum so quickly.
C. Her eagerness to repeat the experience.
D. Her surprise at having managed to finish.
The Alexander technique
Until earlier this year, I didn’t know anything about the Alexander technique—and saw no reason to think I should. One day, the backache I regularly suffered was more painful. I was brought up to think that the preferred way of dealing with aches is to do nothing and hope they’ll go away, but I eventually went to the doctor. After examining me, he said, “You actually have bad posture (姿势). Go off and learn the Alexander technique.” Three months later I could walk straighter and sit better.
The Alexander technique is a way of learning how you can get rid of harmful tension in your body. The teaching focuses on the neck, head and back. It trains you to use your body less severely and carry out the movements that we do all the time with less effort. There is little effort in the lessons themselves, which sets apart the Alexander technique from yoga or pilates, which are exercise-based. A typical lesson involves standing in front of a chair and learning to sit and stand with minimum effort. You spend some time lying on a bench with your knees bent to straighten the spine (脊椎) and relax your body while the teacher moves your arms and legs to train you to move them correctly.
The technique helps to break the bad habits accumulated over years. Try folding your arms the opposite way to normal. This is an example of a habit the body has formed which can be hard to break. Many of us carry our heads too far back. The head weighs four to six kilos, so any inappropriate posture can cause problems for the body. The technique teaches you to let go of the muscles holding the head back, allowing it to go back to its natural place on the top of our spines.
So who was Alexander and how did he come up with the technique? Frederick Alexander, an Australian actor born in 1869, found in his youth that he had vocal (声音的) problems during performances. He analyzed himself and realized his posture was bad. He worked on improving it, with excellent results. He brought his technique to London and opened a teacher-training school, which is still successful today.
So if you’re walking along the road one day with shoulders bent forward, feeling weighed down by your troubles, give a thought to the A lexander technique. It will help y ou walk tall again.
38. What does the author suggest in Paragraph 1?
A. She felt no better after the treatment.
B. She got bored with the Alexander technique.
C. She was sceptical about the doctor’s method.
D. She was unwilling to seek treatment for her backache.