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江苏四市2019届高三英语三模试题(有答案)

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2019届高三模拟考试试卷
英  语
2019.5
本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分。满分120分,考试时间120分钟。
第Ⅰ卷(选择题 共85分)
第一部分:听力(共两节,满分20分)
第一节(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
(  )1. Why did the man fail the test?
A. He didn't work hard.  B. He didn't sleep well.  C. He got to the test late.
(  )2. When should Trish get to the airport?
A. At 3 pm.  B. At 6 am.  C. At 6 pm.
(  )3. What can we know from the dialogue?
A. Sarah will stay with her cousin.        B. Sarah will serve a room for her aunt.
C. Sarah will move into a home-stay family.
(  )4. What are the two speakers going to do next?
A. Ask John to invite Professor Li.        B. Work out details for John's farewell.
C. Take part in the farewell party for Professor Li.
(  )5. What does the man mean?
A. The woman must examine her teeth.        B. The woman will quarrel with somebody soon.
C. The woman doesn't need to worry about the dream.
第二节(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)
听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。
(  )6. What is the man doing?
A. Taking pictures.  B. Decorating the living room.
C. Designing something on the computer.
(  )7. What will the speakers do next?
A. Go to a paint store.  B. Look for new jobs.  C. Buy a car.
听第7段材料,回答第8至10题。
(  )8. When does the conversation most probably happen?
A. On August 9.  B. On August 10.  C. On August 11.
(  )9. What can we know about Tom?
A. He was born on the same date with his father.
B. He was 4.25 kilos when he was born.
C. He was wearing masses of yellow hair.
(  )10. What will the man do?
A. Tell his colleagues the news of the new born baby.
B. Buy a good ring to congratulate the birth of Tom.
C. Go to the hospital with the woman tomorrow morning.
听第8段材料,回答第11至13题。
(  )11. What is the woman?
A. A restaurant staff member.       B. A sports club staff member.
C. A student union staff member.
(  )12. How much will the man pay for annual subscription fee if he takes the Gold membership?
A. £250.  B. £450.  C. £500.
(  )13. What can we learn from the dialogue if the man takes the Silver?
A. He cannot join in the classes he likes.          B. He can use the facilities at 2 pm.
C. He should pay more for joining fee.
听第9段材料,回答第14至17题。
(  )14. What's the probable relationship between the two speakers?
A. Husband and wife.  B. Shop assistant and customer.
C. House agency staff and customer.
(  )15. What does the man complain about?
A. Some living facilities.  B. Some building problems.  C. Some dangerous things.
(  )16. What's wrong with the windows?
A. They are broken.  B. There are no locks on them.
C. There are no curtains on them.
(  )17. What will the woman have repaired first?
A. The washing machine.  B. The windows.  C. The kitchen curtains.
听第10段材料,回答第18至20题。
(  )18. What do we know about the man?
A. He was questioned by the security men.
B. He flew back home in the next flight that day.  
C. He was the last passenger who boarded the plane.
(  )19. Which of the following is right?
A. The Greek didn't board the plane as he lost his boarding pass.
B. 189 people from 35 countries died in the Ethiopian air crash.
C. Many people suspected Boeing of being responsible for the crashes.
(  )20. What is the best title of this report?
A. A Lucky Flight.  B. A Narrow Escape.  C. A Deadly Crash.
第二部分:英语基础知识运用(共两节,满分35分)
第一节:单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)
请认真阅读下列各题,从题中所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。
(  )21. —Who recommended Nancy for the post?
—It was James ________ admiration for her was obvious.
                              

 A. who  B. that  C. whose  D. whom
(  )22. We will remain ________ to the path of peaceful development and shoulder more international responsibilities.
A. committing  B. committed
C. to be committed  D. to have committed
(  )23. —Looking back on ________ in years gone by and the good time that I had makes today seem rather sad.
—Absolutely. So much has changed.
A. how it was  B. who it was  C. how was it  D. who was it
(  )24. Friendship can never be a trade; ________, it needs the most thorough and unprofitable concept.
A. in addition  B. by contrast  C. in return  D. by chance
(  )25. —I wonder what chance there is of me passing by the old places without thinking of you.
—________. Time cures all wounds.
A. My pleasure  B. Don't mention it  C. I can't agree more  D. Never mind
(  )26. Wild applause ________ when the crowd waiting heard the announcement of the arrival of  the pop star at their community.
A. made out  B. broke out  C. let out  D. worked out
(  )27. What the country did ________ the international trade regulations, for which it was widely condemned.
A. approved  B. violated  C. bothered  D. interrupted
(  )28. —Mum, little Ray broke his toys again!
—It doesn't matter. You see, accidents ________ happen.
A. shall  B. should  C. must  D. will
(  )29. Adding to their happiness, he says,________ some similarities between the two test papers.
A. is  B. are  C. has  D. have
(  )30. Communication can help you gain more respect from your parents, and you may be able to reach ________ that make everyone happy.
A. compromises  B. contributions  C. congratulations  D. competitions
(  )31. The explosion in the chemical plant ________ avoided had the county authorities, aiming too much at short-term interests, performed their duties from the beginning.
A. should be  B. might be  C. must have been  D. could have been
(  )32. —What's the recent progress in Xiong'an New Area, first announced two years ago?
—It ________ increasing attention from foreign companies given its huge development potential.
A. has been attracting   B. had attracted  C. would be attracting  D. was attracting
(  )33. —Shall we go to the seven o'clock performance or the eight?
—________ suits you fine.
A. Whatever  B. Whichever  C. Whenever  D. Wherever
(  )34. Modesty is a kind of good quality, which is ________ it takes to be your personal best.
A. what  B. where  C. which  D. when
(  )35. —Which classical Chinese poem do you like best?
—Don't laugh if we lay drunken on the battleground; how many soldiers ever came back ________?
A. old and young  B. up and down  C. safe and sound  D. right and wrong
第二节: 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)
请认真阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。
As Ryan Lee Cox was waiting to pay for his coffee order at an Indiana, US fast food drive-through, he decided to try something he'd seen on a TV news show—he paid for the coffee order of the driver in the car behind. The small __36__ made the young businessperson feel __37__, so he shared his experience on Facebook. An old friend suggested that __38__ paying for people's coffee, Ryan put that money towards helping school students pay off their delinquent(拖欠税款的)school lunch accounts. Sometimes because of __39__ hardship, the accounts fall into __40__ balance and the kids suffer. She got the idea after hearing that a Utah student was __41__ lunch.
So the following week Ryan visited his nephew's school __42__ and asked if he could give some help, and __43__ $100. Impressed by his __44__, the supervisor began __45__ fines before Ryan asked what the entire school's balance for lunches was. It was $1261.98. “I'll see you next Friday,”he told the supervisor.
When he got home, Ryan shared what he had done on social __46__, and that he __47__ to help Lakeside Elementary have no lunch accounts in the negative. He set up a bank account and encouraged people to __48__. Their target was __49__ in a matter of days. With more than enough money to pay for Lakeside, Ryan __50__ another school.
Within two weeks they had __51__ $4142.82 and were able to help four schools. Inspired by people's __52__,Ryan organized a non-profit called Feed the Kids, Inc., which __53__ a website, www.kidslunches.org, for people to start __54__ for specific schools or to set up repeated payments to __55__ a student. Today, this “paying it forward” organization is onto its fifth school.
(  )36. A. gesture  B. reaction  C. proposal  D. request
(  )37. A. awkward  B. annoyed  C. great  D. inspired
(  )38. A. rather than  B. due to  C. apart from  D. along with
(  )39. A. artificial  B. economic  C. unconscious  D. controversial
(  )40. A. negative  B. beneficial  C. transparent  D. delicate
(  )41. A. awarded  B. paid  C. required  D. denied
(  )42. A. cafeteria  B. facility  C. dormitory  D. website
(  )43. A. handed out  B. handed in  C. handed over  D. handed on
(  )44. A. curiosity  B. generosity  C. purity  D. reliability
(  )45. A. taking off  B. putting off  C. paying off  D. letting off
(  )46. A. context  B. club  C. system  D. media
(  )47. A. ended  B. pretended  C. extended  D. intended
(  )48. A. donate  B. check  C. invest  D. deposit
(  )49. A. arranged  B. reached  C. aimed  D. missed
(  )50. A. conducted  B. contacted  C. constructed  D. controlled
(  )51. A. saved  B. spent  C. raised  D. earned
(  )52. A. enthusiasm  B. appeal  C. demand  D. emotion
(  )53. A. checks  B. searches  C. visits  D. offers
(  )54. A. campaigns  B. recreations  C. ambitions  D. profits
(  )55. A. defend  B. educate  C. sponsor  D. encourage
第三部分: 阅读理解(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
请认真阅读下列短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。
A
Changzhou government just announced new policies for e-Bikes, especially for those who have not registered their vehicles. It's the last chance for you to register before 15 April, 2019.
1. standardize the production and sales of e-Bikes
※ Since April 15,2019,electric bicycle products that do not meet the new national standard and have not obtained the China Compulsory Certification (CCC certification) are not allowed to be shipped or sold.
2. standardize the registration of electric bicycles
※ Before April 15, 2019, everyone with their valid ID card can go to the nearest electric bicycle license sales point to register their unlicensed electric bicycles and be issued the unified electric bicycle number plate for free.
※ Encourage electric bike owners to take out third-party liability(责任)insurance for electric bicycles.
3. standardize the safety management of e-Bikes
※ The transition(过渡)period management is carried out for electric bicycles that receive temporary permit cards (those may not agree with new national standard). The transition period starts from April 15, 2019 and is due on April 14, 2024. It is not allowed to ride on the road after the transition period.
※ Investigate the illegal traffic behaviors such as unlicensed roads, red lights, cross-line parking, reverse driving, driving on motor vehicle lane, speeding, and other traffic violations according to the law, and take pictures of illegal behavior by using the electronic camera, face recognition and other technical means to carry out on-site law enforcement.
※ Perfect the transportation credit-management system, and ensure on-site law enforcement.
Announced by:
Changzhou Public Security Bureau
Changzhou Industrial and Information Technology Bureau
Changzhou Municipal Market Supervision Administration
15 March, 2019
(  )56. What must you do if you want to drive an e-Bike legally in Changzhou after April 15, 2019?
A. Buy a new e-Bike meeting the new national standard before April 15, 2019.
B. Pay to register your unlicensed e-Bike before April 15, 2019.
C. Take out third-party liability insurance for your e-Bike before April 15, 2019.
D. Obtain an e-Bike number plate or a temporary permit card before April 15, 2019.
(  )57. From the announcement we know that ________.
A. the transition period for registration is five years long
B. six illegal traffic behaviors will be specially investigated
C. high technology will be used for law enforcement on the spot
D. the announcement is made for the sake of economic development
B
One of the deepest teachings of Confucius may have valued personal exemplification above clearly expressed rules of behavior. His moral teachings emphasized self-cultivation(培养), imitation of moral exemplars, and the attainment of skilled judgment rather than knowledge of rules. His teachings rarely rely on reasoned argument, and moral ideals and methods are conveyed indirectly. His teachings require examination and context to be understood. A good example is found in this famous anecdote:
廄焚。子退朝,曰:“傷人乎?”不問馬。
When the stables were burnt down, on returning from court Confucius said, “Was anyone     hurt?” He did not ask about the horses.
X.11 (tr. Waley), 10—13(tr. Legge), or X-17(tr. Lau)
By not asking about the horses, Confucius demonstrates that the sage(圣人)values human beings over property, but not directly; readers are led to reflect on whether their response would follow Confucius's and to pursue self-improvement if it would not have. Confucius, as an exemplar of human excellence, serves not as an all-powerful deity(神人)or a universally true set of abstract principles, but rather the best model for others. For these reasons, according to many commentators, Confucius's teachings may be considered a Chinese example of humanism.
One of his teachings was a variant(变体) of the Golden Rule, sometimes called the “Silver Rule” owing to its negative form:
己所不欲,勿施於人。
“What you do not wish for yourself, do not do to others.”
子貢問曰:“有一言而可以終身行之者乎?”子曰:“其恕乎!己所不欲、勿施於人。”
Zi Gong [a disciple] asked: “Is there any one word that could guide a person throughout     life?”
The Master replied: “How about ‘reciprocity’! Never impose on others what you would not     choose for yourself. ”
Analects XV.24, tr. David Hinton
Often overlooked in Confucian morals are the virtues to the self: sincerity and the cultivation of knowledge. Virtuous action towards others begins with virtuous and sincere thought, which begins with knowledge. A virtuous nature without knowledge is likely to be influenced by corruption, and virtuous action without sincerity is not true righteousness(正义). Cultivating knowledge and sincerity is also important for one's own sake; the superior person loves learning for the sake of learning and righteousness for the sake of righteousness.
(  )58. The horse example in the first paragraph is to show that Confucius ________.
A. paid much attention to moral teachings
B. meant others to understand his teachings by self-reflection
C. directly demonstrated his emphasis on human beings
D. never inhumanly forced others to do what he didn't like to do
(  )59. What does the last paragraph mainly talk about?
A. The importance of the virtues to the self.
B. How to define the virtues to the self.
C. The relationship between sincerity and knowledge.
D. Why the virtues of the self are often overlooked.
(  )60. Which of the following principles of Confucius is mentioned in this passage?
A. Example is better than teaching.
B. He who practices virtues will have neighbors and friends.
C. Keep what you say and carry out what you do.
D. By nature, men are nearly alike; by practice, they get to be wild apart.
C
Our home galaxy(星系), the Milky Way, makes for a pretty space picture, and it looks normal at a distance. But a new 3D map reveals a surprise:________________.
 
The Milky Way is a spiral(漩涡型的) galaxy, in which stars and gas clouds exist mainly in its spiral “arms”. Our massive neighbor, the Andromeda galaxy(仙女座), is also spiral. Spiral galaxies usually appear very flat and easy to see through a telescope, said the researchers.
Using 1,339 large, pulsating(脉冲的) stars to make a 3D map of the Milky Way, researchers discovered instead that the galaxy's disk of stars is increasingly twisting,most likely due to the spinning of the disk. And the farther the stars are from the center, the more twisted it becomes.
Previously, astronomers saw evidence of hydrogen clouds becoming warped(弯曲的)in the Milky Way. This isn't completely abnormal, because astronomers have noticed the same pattern of progressively twisting spirals in about a dozen other galaxies. But it does help them make more sense of our galaxy.
Because we live in this galaxy, that makes it harder to observe, and dust and starlight make it even more difficult when using telescopes. Trying to determine what our galactic center looks like is similar to trying to find the center of a forest you're standing in.
“It is extremely difficult to determine distances from the Sun to parts of the Milky Way's outer gas disk without having a clear idea of what that disk actually looks like,” lead study author Xiaodian Chen of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in Beijing said in a statement.
From afar, the Milky Way appears like a thin rotating(旋转的) disk of stars, orbiting the center every few hundred million years. In the center, hundreds of billions of stars and dark matter hold the galaxy together.
But as you move toward the outermost reaches of the galaxy, the gravitational glue of the center fades. In the outer disk, this keeps hydrogen gas from being restricted, which contributes to an S-shaped warping.
“Somewhat to our surprise, we found that in 3D our collection of 1339 stars and the Milky Way's gas disk follow each other closely. This offers new insights into the formation of our home galaxy,” Richard de Grijs, senior study co-author and professor at Macquarie University's Department of Physics and Astronomy, said in a statement. “Perhaps more importantly, in the Milky Way's outer regions, we found that the S-like stellar(星的) disk is warped in a progressively twisted spiral pattern.”
So the massive inner disk's rotational force causes the outer disk to warp, the researchers concluded.
“This research provides a crucial updated map for studies of our galaxy's stellar motions and the origins of the Milky Way,” said Licai Deng, co-author and senior researcher at the Chinese Academy of Sciences, in a statement.

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