2019届高三英语上学期期末试题(附答案甘肃武威一中)

时间:2019-02-01 作者:佚名 试题来源:网络

2019届高三英语上学期期末试题(附答案甘肃武威一中)

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武威一中2018年秋季学期阶段性考试
高三年级英语试卷
命题人:
第一部分  阅读理解 (共两节,满分40分)
第一节(共15小题,每小题2分,满分30分)阅读下面短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。
A
Welcome to AMDA
Your future in the performing arts doesn’t have to be a dream. For over 50 years, AMDA has launched some of the most successful careers in theatre, film and television. AMDA creates industry professionals who don’t just wait for life to happen—they stage their own career path. Now it’s your turn.
Program description
At AMDA, we believe a performer must perform. From the first day, you’ll find many performance opportunities in the three core areas of acting, musical theatre and dance, both in and out of the classroom, plus individual voice lessons. Over the course of your four semesters (学期), you’ll also improve your performance technique through an intensive curriculum that focuses on both foundational and advanced concepts in acting, musical theatre and dance. Finally, through courses in career preparation, you’ll learn how to apply all of this training to a successful career on stage and screen.
Philosophy and mission
AMDA is committed to providing a splendid performing arts education to a diverse community of creative artists. AMDA serves as both school and stage, where students are given the support and opportunity to identify their own personal objectives and to develop and improve their own distinctive artistic voices. AMDA tries to create an environment for students to develop the skills, confidence, imagination, and power to contribute to their community as artists, businesspeople, lifelong learners, and hard-working citizens of the world Above all, AMDA wants to teach students that commitment and passion are the marks of a successful and joyous career.
Registration
6305 Yucca Street Los Angeles
800-367-7908
https: //www.amda.edu
1. What is the curriculum of AMDA about?
  A. Drawing.        B. Philosophy.       C. Performing.       D. Photography.
2. How long does the course last?
  A. One semester.    B. Two years.       C. Three semesters.    D. Four years.
3. What can students learn in AMDA?
  A. How to sing beautifully.            B. How to train a performer.
  C. The way to build a stage.            D. The way to be a director.
B
The world’s richest man might seem to have it all, but Bill Gates has one regret. The self-made billionaire said he felt stupid for not knowing any foreign languages.
Speaking in his third Ask Me Anything question-and-answer session for online forum Reddit(红迪网), the Microsoft founder said that he wished he spoke French, Arabic or Chinese.
He said: “I took Latin and Greek in high school and got A’s and I guess it helps my vocabulary. I keep hoping to get time to study one of these—probably French because it is the easiest. I did Duolingo for a while but didn’t keep it up.”
Gates, who is worth $79.3 billion, praised Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg for surprising an audience in Beijing when he spoke fluent Chinese. “Mark Zuckerberg amazingly learned Chinese and did a Q&A with Chinese students—unbelievable, isn’t it?” he said
This isn’t the first time for Gates to admit his regret over language. He also showed his habits at home and personal insights.
Last February, Gates said he likes to do the dishes himself—to his own special standards every night and also told the interviewer that his wife, Melinda, would likely want Samuel L. Jackson to play her husband in a biopic(传记片).
He also admitted that he would pick up a $100 bill if he found it on the street.
As he took the top spot on Forbes(福布斯)28th Annual Billionaires list last year for the fourth time, he said he is pretty basic when it comes to spending on clothes and food, but that he enjoys investing in shoes and racquets(球拍)when he plays tennis.
When asked a life lesson he had to learn the hard way, the billionaire said staying up too late is a habit he is still trying to break. “Don’t stay up too late even if the book is really exciting. You will regret it in the morning. Pam still working on this problem.” he said.
4. Which of the following can be the best title for the passage?
A. An Interview with Bill Gates      B. How Bill Gates Succeeded
C. Bill Gates’ Regret         D. The Richest Billionaire
5. The underlined part in Paragraph 8 may actually mean that_____.
A. it is important to lay a good foundation of life
B. food and clothing are basic needs for people’s life
C. he doesn’t spend much money on food and clothes
D. he never cares about buying food and clothing
6. What advice did Bill Gates give?
A. Avoid staying up too late.                 B. Be a good language learner.
C. Do the dishes yourself at home.            D. Pick up the $100 bills in the streets.
7. Which of the following is true according to the passage?
A. Bill Gates is also the founder of Facebook. B. Bill Gates topped the list of Forbes 28 times.
C. Bill Gates was good at learning languages in high schoo1.
D. Bill Gates’ wife wants Samuel to play a game with Gates.
C
Chinese audiences seemed not to have been satisfied with the third season of the highly anticipated food documentary A Bite of China.
Even though the series has maintained high viewership ratings since its comeback last week, much higher than other programs aired at the same time, the ranking on Douban, a social networking website featuring films, literature and events, slipped to 4.2 out of 10, as of Tuesday, compared with 9.3 and 8.4, respectively, for the first two seasons.
Picky viewers complain that some of the narration is not accurate, while others pinpoint misleading content. At the same time, food blogger @barbara questioned whether it is appropriate to give a close-up shot of the poisonous plant Nandina(南天竺)in a food program.
A Bite of China, which debuted in 2012, became hugely popular nationwide for its quality introduction of some rarely-known and mouth-watering domestic cuisine. In the new show, however, watchers are not satisfied with “irrelevant” food references, such as lipsticks made of Chinese traditional medicine and martial arts master.
The first episode introduced a hand-made iron frying pan from east China’s Shandong province, which prompted thousands of Chinese Internet users to buy one from China’s leading e-commerce website Tmall in the next few days. Sales of the pan at “Zhensanhuan” surged 6,000 times compared with a year ago, according to Beijing Youth Daily.
In response to overwhelming criticism and questions, A Bite of China production crew responded on Weibo that they seek innovation despite the risks following the first two phenomenal seasons.
“It is unavoidable to make comparisons with the first two, and some audiences may not accept the changes,” the crew said. “We explore the culture and civilization behind food, and give food a historic touch. That’s why we feature culinary(烹饪的)tools, feast and rituals, as well as a healthy diet to show Chinese wisdom and philosophy, which has not been shown in any food programs before.”
8. Why does the passage mention Nandina?
  A. Because some of the narration is not accurate.
  B. Because it may be improper to give a close-up shot of a poisonous plant.
  C. Because it is misleading content.
  D. Because it is not attractive at all to most picky viewers.
9. Which of the following elements leads to viewers’ dissatisfaction with the new show?
  A. some mouth-watering domestic cuisines        B. food-unrelated items
  C. some rarely-known cuisines              
  D. the increasing sales of the pan at “Zhensanhuan”
10. According to its production crew, what is unique to ‘A Bite of China III’?
  A. It makes comparisons with the first two episodes.
  B. It tells the story of some martial arts related to food.
  C. It receives overwhelming criticism and questions from audience.
  D. It focuses on cooking tools, rituals and healthy eating.
11. What is the best the title for the passage?
  A. 'A Bite of China III' Draws Criticism from Audiences
  B. 'A Bite of China III' Maintains High Viewership Ratings
  C. 'A Bite of China III' Changes for the Worse
  D. 'A Bite of China III' Explains its Purposes
D
According to new research from the University of Cambridge in England, sheep are able to recognize human faces from photographs.
The farm animals, who are social and have large brains, were previously known to be able to recognize one another, as well as familiar humans. However, their ability to recognize human faces from photos alone is novel.
The recent study, the results of which were published in the journal Royal Society; Open Science, show the woolly creatures could be trained to recognize still images of human faces, including those of former President Barack Obama and actress Emma Watson.
Initially, the sheep were trained to approach certain images by being given food rewards. Later, they were able to recognize the images for which they had been rewarded. The sheep could even recognize images of faces shown at an angle, though their ability to do so declined by about 15 percent—the same rate at which a human’s ability to perform the same task declines,
“Anyone who has spent time working with sheep will know that they are intelligent and individual animals who are able to recognize their handlers.” said Professor Jenny Morton,  who led the Cambridge study. “We’ve shown with our study that sheep have advanced face-recognition abilities, close to those of humans and monkeys.”
Recognizing faces is one of his most important social skills for human beings, and some disorders of the brain, including Huntington’s disease, affect this ability.
“Sheep are long-lived and have brains that are similar in size and complexity to those of some monkeys. That means they can be useful models to help us understand disorders of the brain, such as Huntington’s disease that develop over a long time and affect cognitive (认识的) abilities. Our study gives us another way to monitor how these abilities change.” Morton said.
12. According to the new research, what’s unusual about sheep?
 A. They have large brains.                    B. They can recognize their owners.
 C. They can tell animals from humans.      
 D. They can recognize human faces from photographs.
13. How did the researchers train the sheep?
 A. By giving food rewards.                     B. By showing photos of famous people.
 C. By guiding them to follow their handlers.     
 D. By showing photos of humans and monkeys by turns.
14. What can be inferred from the passage?
 A. Sheep have a higher face-recognition ability than monkeys.
 B. The new discovery is of great benefit to the study of cognitive ability changes.
 C. The sheep’s face-recognition ability may prevent some disorders of the brain.
 D. The sheep’s face-recognition ability stays the same when shown photos at any angle.
15. What’s the best title of the passage?
 A. A Wonderful Scientist                 B. The Life of Sheep
 C. A New Discovery about Sheep          D. How Sheep Recognize Each Other
第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
Charisma
Are leaders born or made? Many leaders throughout history—such as Gandhi, Churchill, Napoleon, and Martin Luther King—seem to have a special quality that made them powerful and persuasive. We can identify that quality as charisma, but can we explain it?
Charisma means a natural ability to attract other people and make them admire you. It is a complex mixture of social and emotional (情感的) skills. ____16_____ Richard Wiseman, a famous psychologist, points out that there are three key qualities of a charismatic person: They feel their own emotions strongly;they inspire strong emotions in other people; and they are unaffected by the influences of other charismatic people.
You needn’ t worry if you don’ t have these qualities. ___17_____ Wiseman says that when you come upon someone who is charismatic, you can copy his or her body language and facial expressions without realizing it. This is called mirroring, and it works partly because people’ s behavior influences their emotions. _____18_____ He proves his point by giving the example of smiling back at someone who smiled at you. Your smiling back suggests that you accept the goodwill from the other person and hope to give it back to him.
___19_____ For example, if you stand up straight and raise your chest, you are more likely to feel confident and inspire others to feel confidence in you. Another expert says that the most charismatic people are usually good listeners. They give others the impression of being focused and modest.
Charisma plays a large part in success because it is linked to self-confidence. ___20____
One successful leadership coach points out that you need to come by your skills and techniques naturally, she warns—if the personality you project is not real, you may come across as insincere.
A. This type of physical presence can be used to great effect.
B. Today there is growing evidence that charisma can be learned.
C. Charismatic persons should be active and sensitive to their surroundings.
D. It needs to be recognized that charisma is more than just being optimistic.
E. It helps to make strong personal connections and communicate effectively with others.
F. But it is worth noting that charisma can’ t be a pretended ability although it can be learned.
G. He adds you’ re unaware of picking up others’ gestures, but you know it makes you feel good.
 第二部分 语言知识运用(共两节,满分40分)
  第一节(共20小题:每小题1.5分,满分30分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A,B,C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
To make a difference in a child’s life, I recently Joined the Make-A-Wish Arizona team, which was able to accept 355 wishes this year. While each wish was as ____21____ as the child who dreamt it, one that touched me most was Annie’s wish to meet the Pope(罗马教皇). In fact, there was not one ____22____ eye in the Wish House when Annie’s wish came true.
Given 3-6 months to live after being ____23____ to have stage IV stomach cancer, most people would be ____24____. Not Annie, who wrote the most ____25____ letter to us asking for her wish: to have last rites (临终祈祷)____26____ to her by the Pope. Well, the Pope doesn’t do that, but he did ____27____ to meet with her, and with planning by the staff, she eventually met the Pope and got a ____28____ from him. The time with him was ____29____ short of extraordinary. She reported that he even posed for photos!
Nothing could have made this ____30____ more amazing when the Pope asked the crowd to wait a moment while he ____31____ a full mass(弥撒)for her. Working there, we were all ____32____ to meet Annie as she came to the Wish House to ___33____ her remarkable story. She is ____34____ a fortunate young lady!
Wishes like Annie’s give life new meanings. You can ____35____ what an incredible amount of support it takes to make these happen. That is ____36____ I encourage you to join me in making a ___37____ to this charity activity, whether it is $30, $50, $100 or even more. Remember it can ____38____ allowing more wishes like Annie’s to come true and it can help Make-A-Wish kids ____39____ their courage to face illnesses and find a(an)____40____ point in their lives.
21. A. sincere      B. amazing     C. beautiful     D. absurd
22. A. sad       B. upset      C. dry      D. wide
23. A. assumed      B. expected     C. warned     D. told
24. A. disappointed     B. annoyed     C. desperate     D. lonely
25. A. demanding     B. touching     C. personal     D. confidential
26. A. conducted      B. introduced     C. expressed     D. mentioned
27. A. agree       B. want      C. hope      D. like
28. A. comfort      B. sympathy     C. shelter      D. blessing
29. A. nothing      B. something     C. anything     D. everything
30. A. wish       B. idea      C. story      D. girl
31. A. appointed      B. gathered     C. arranged     D. invited
32. A. privileged      B. interested     C. embarrassed    D. excited
33. A. announce      B. share      C. spread      D. declare
34. A. frequently      B. gradually     C. truly      D. properly
35. A. believe      B. imagine     C. predict      D. confirm
36. A. how       B. why      C. when      D. what
37. A. promise      B. devotion     C. difference     D. donation
38. A. stick to      B. object to     C. contribute to    D. add to
39. A. seize       B. regain      C. convey     D. possess
40. A. relevant      B. appropriate     C. valuable     D. turning
第二节(共10小题:每小题1分,满分10分)
阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。
Many Chinese students who entered the first year of primary or junior high school in September have received new versions of Chinese language textbooks. The textbooks attach ___41___ (important) to traditional Chinese culture, reported by Xinhua News Agency.
The articles were chosen from classic prose, essays, historical records, and poetry ___42___ (date) back to the Han, Tang and Song __43___ (dynasty). The textbooks were tested in many provinces before, hut it turns out that not everyone is __44___ fan. Some parents have questioned the changes of Chinese texts,    students are too young ___45___ (understand) so many pieces with classical Chinese language. I am afraid they will love interest.” However, others welcomed the new books. “Students __46___ that age may not be able to understand classic poetry and essays as well, but they ___47___ (benefit) sooner or later. “Liu Jinping, a teacher from Anhui, told Xinhua.
In fact, the text books arrived at a time when ancient Chinese culture is __48___ (popular) than before. The Chinese poetry Conference,___49___ gained great popularity during the Spring Festival, was watched by more people in China. According to China Daily, China now has more than 3,000 traditional private schools, as the demand for private education of traditional Chinese culture grows. Some wisdom delivered through the Chinese classics might help children deal with the challenges in ___50___ (they) own lives.
 第三部分 写作(共三节,满分40分) 
第一节 单词拼写  根据括号内的汉语意思,写出该单词的正确形式。(共10小题:每小题1分,满分10分)
51. Have you ever wanted to be part of a band as a famous singer or        (音乐家)?
  52.        (就个人而言), I think the team that won first place cheated.
  53 Ⅰt was        (明显的)that the manager of the coffee shop was waiting for Li Fang to leave .
54.She spent years         (观察)and recording their daily activities.
  55. Dr Yuan is quite         (对…….感到满意) with his life.
56.All that time my wife and children had to beg for food and help from
        (亲戚)or friends.
57. Two years ago she bought an expensive mountain hike and then she       (说服)me to buy one.
58. It would help us achieve our dream of making black and white people        .(平等)
59. Only athletes who have reached the agreed standard for their event will be         (接纳)as competitors.
60 There was frost on the ground,         (证明)that fall had arrived in Canada.
第二节 短文改错(共10小题:每小题1分,满分10分)
Dear Mr .Smith,
   I'm Li Hua, the Chinese student taking summer courses in your university. Everything is going smooth. I enjoy all the courses here but one offering by Professor Martin. I have difficulty understand him in class. He has a very strong accent, that makes it hard for me to follow him in class. I have told that I can go to the learning center for help. I wonder if I could come in Wednesday or Friday. I had no class and can come for help and suggestion. Please let me to know which time is OK with you via12345678. 
    Looking forward to your reply.
                                         Yours. 
                                         LiFHua
第三节 书面表达(满分20分)
  假如你是李华,你的英国朋友Henry准备在你家过春节,他想了解中国的传统习俗一发压岁钱。现请你给他写一封电子邮件,内容包括:1.习俗介绍;2.亲身经历;3.个人感悟。
注意:1.词数100左右,可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;
       2.文章开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。
       3.参考词汇:压岁钱lucky money
Dear Henry,
   I’m very glad to hear that you’re going to experience the Spring Festival with me.
_____________________________________________________________________________
                                                Yours, 
                                                Li Hua
 
高三年级英语试卷参考答案
阅读理解  (每小题2分,满分40分)
1-3  CB A   4-7.  C C A C    8-11.  B BDA    12-15 . D AB C    16-20.  EB GAF
完形填空 (共20小题:每小题1.5分,满分30分)
 21-25. BCDC B    26-30. A A DAA       31-35. C A B CB    36-40. BD CB D
语篇填空  (共10小题:每小题1分,满分10分)
 41. importance   42. dating     43. dynasties       44. a    45. to understand   
 46. at/of     47. will benefit    48. more popular     49. which    50. their
单词拼写  (共10小题:每小题1分,满分10分)
51. musician  52. Personally  53. obvious   54. observing   55. satisfied 
56. relatives  57. persuaded   58. equal     59. admitted    60. confirming
短文改错  (共10小题:每小题1分,满分10分)
The--a,  smooth--smoothly, offering--offered, understand--understanding, that--which, have told--have been told, in--on,  had--have, suggestion--suggestions, to省略
书面表达(满分20分)
Dear Henry,
I’m very glad to hear that you’re going to experience the Spring Festival with me. Now let me tell you something about giving lucky money in the Lunar New Year.
It usually falls on the eve of the Lunar New Year when the whole family gets together for an evening feast. After that, the elders will give money in red paper to children, wishing them good luck and health.
As for me, I remembered my grandparents each handed me a red envelope with lucky money after the big meal. Although there wasn’t much money, it represented their affection for me. I promised I would use the money wisely and do something meaningful.
Yours,
Li Hua
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