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2018-2019高二英语12月月考试题(带答案河北盐山中学)

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河北省沧州市盐山中学2018~2019学年第一学期
12月月考英语试题
第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)
第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
1.What is the weather like?
A.Its raining.  B.Its sunny.  C.Its cloudy.
2.Who will go to China next month?
A.Alice.        B.Lucy.         C.Richard.
3.What are the speakers talking about?
A.The mans sister.
B.A film.
C.An actor.
4.Where will the speakers meet?
A.In Room 340.
B.In Room 314.
C.In Room 223.
5.Where does the conversation most probably take place?
A.In a restaurant.
B.In an office.
C.At home.
第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)
听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第6段材料,回答第6至8题。
6.Why did the woman go to New York?
A.To spend some time with the baby.
B.To look after her sister.
C.To find a new job.
7.How old was the baby when the woman left New York?
A.Two months.
B.Five months.
C.Seven months.
8.What did the woman like doing most with the baby?
A.Holding him.
B.Playing with him.
C.Feeding him.
听第7段材料,回答第9至11题。
9.What are the speakers talking about?
A.A way to improve air quality.
B.A problem with traffic miles.               
C.A suggestion for city planning.
10.What does the man suggest?  
A.Limiting the use of cars.
B.Encouraging people to walk.     
C.Warning drivers of air pollution.
11.What does the woman think about the mans idea?
A.Its interesting.
B.Its worth trying.
C.Its impractical.
听第8段材料,回答第12至14题。
12.How long will the man probably stay in New Zealand?
A.One week.
B.Two weeks.
C.Three weeks.
13.What advice does the woman give to the man?
A.Go to New Zealand after Christmas.
B.Book his flight as soon as possible.
C.Save more money for his trip.
14.What can we learn about flights to New Zealand at Christmas time?
A.They require early booking.
B.They can be twice as expensive.
C.They are on special offer.
听第9段材料,回答第15至17题。
15.Why did Jane call Mike?
A.To ask him to meet her.
B.To tell him about Tom.
C.To borrow his car.
16.Where will Jane be in about one hour?
A.At Mikes place.
B.At the airport.
C.At a garage.
17.What can we infer from the conversation?
A.Jane has just learned to drive.
B.Janes car is in bad condition.
C.Mike will go to the airport.
听第10段材料,回答第18至20题。
18.What did the speaker ask the students to do the week before?
A.Write a short story.
B.Prepare for the lesson.
C.Learn more about the writer.
19.Why does the speaker ask the questions?
A.To check the students understanding of the story.
B.To draw the students attention to reading skills.
C.To let the students discuss father­son relationships.
20.What will the students do in 10 minutes?
A.Ask more questions.
B.Discussion in groups.
C.Give their answers.
第二部分 阅读理解                  A
Whether it is Mozart or Miley,your choice of music could determine whether you will perform well at your work.
A new study suggests that listening to music in the office improves the speed and accuracy of tasks such as data entry,proof­reading and problem­solving.
In an office­based experiment,88 per cent of participants were found to produce their most accurate work when listening to music.
The study also found that 81 per cent completed their fastest work when music was played.
And it matters what type of music you listen to. For instance,if youre doing your tax returns,then classical music is the most effective as it improves maths skills.
Listening to Jessie J or Justin Bieber could also improve your speed,with 58 per cent of participants completing data entry tasks faster while listening to pop songs.
During proof­reading,dance music,such as David Guettas,had the biggest positive impact on participants increasing their speed by 20 per cent compared to tests undertaken with no music at all.
Dance music also had a positive effect on spell­checking with a 75 per cent pass rate compared to 68 per cent when no music was played at all.
The research,undertaken by Brighton­based Mindlab International,suggests that silent offices may be the least productive.
“The music experiment showed that when listening to music,nine out of ten people performed better,”said Dr.David Lewis,chairman of Mindlab International.
“Proper music enables people to quickly process and keep information,regulate their behavior,make good choices,solve problems,plan and adjust to changing mental demands,”a senior investigator of Mindlab International explained.
“While many schools are cutting music programs and spending more and more time on test preparations,our findings suggest that musical training courses may actually help to set up children for a better academic future,”added Dr.David Lewis.
21.What does the passage mainly talk about.
A.The positive relationship between music and work efficiency.
B.The speed and accuracy of problem­solving tasks.
C.The comparison of different kinds of music.
D.The experiment on productivity of office staff.
22.According to the passage,we can conclude that        .
A.different kinds of music lead to the same effect
B.silent offices can make people perform better
C.listening to proper music can improve efficiency in offices
D.more tests prepare children for a better academic future
23.What is the authors attitude towards school music programs?
A.Respectful.     B.Doubtful.
C.Tolerant.  D.Supportive.
B
Christmas in the United States is traditionally a time of gift­giving and family gatherings.But small towns across the country have their own traditions.
Middleburg,a small town in the state of Virginia,is known for its horses. For more than 50 years,Middleburg has organized a yearly Christmas parade(游行).Men and women ride horses through the woods and fields. They follow hunting dogs as they search for a wild fox. But first,these hunters ride in the yearly parade,wearing their bright red hunting clothes and hats.
John Hale,a citizen of Middleburg says many city people visit his town.“We have a lot of people from an urban area that come to visit,but it incorporates a lot of the old traditions.”The night­time hayride is one such tradition. Small groups gather under the moonlight on an open wagon filled with hay. The passengers sing as farm horses pull the wagon slowly across the fields.
There are some newer traditions,too. Trey Matheu works at the nearby Salamander Resort. He says a visit to Middleburg is a chance to slow down for a day. He says Middleburg can be a calming,peaceful place without tension.
“Middleburg is an opportunity to take a step back,to take a deep breath,and understand that even though life is moving on at a very fast pace,theres really an opportunity where youre allowed to step off for a little bit.”
Parade organizers say more than 13,000 people attend even in below freezing weather. But if you ask,you will hear many different reasons why people come to watch the parade:
“I come here because Im from a small town. I like how everybody comes together.”
“I live right down that street,right there. And thats my dog.”
Middleburg looks its best at Christmastime. That may be why so many people return each year.
24.Which of the following can be the best title for the text?
A.Middleburgs Christmas parade
B.A small town known for horses
C.Christmas traditions in Middleburg
D.Newer traditions at Christmastime
25.At Christmas,people in Middleburg usually        .
A.visit friends and families
B.feed farm horses with hay
C.hunt for dogs in the woods
D.ride in the yearly parade
26.According to Trey Matheu,why do people visit Middleburg?
A.To relax themselves.
B.To enjoy the fresh air.
C.To escape competition.
D.To challenge themselves.
27.What do we know about the small town Middleburg?
A.It makes a large profit from tourism.
B.It attracts many people each year.
C.It is a good place for family gatherings.
D.It doesnt respect Christmas traditions.
C
There is a very instructive incident involving the life of Alexander the Great,King of Greek.Alexander,after conquering many kingdoms,was returning home. On the way,he fell ill and it took him to his death bed. With death staring him in his face,Alexander realized his conquests,his great army,his sharp sword and all his wealth were of no  consequence.So,he lay helplessly waiting to breathe his last. He called his generals and said,“I will depart from this world soon,and I have three wishes. Please carry them out without fail.”
“My first desire is that,”said Alexander,“my physicians alone must carry my coffin.”After a pause,he  continued,“Secondly,I desire that when my coffin is being  carried to the grave,the path leading to the graveyard be strewn(撒满)with gold,silver and precious stones which I have collected.”The King continued,“My third and last  wish is that both my hands should be kept hanging out of my coffin.”Alexanders favorite general kissed his hand and pressed them to his heart.“Oh King,we assure you that your wishes will all be fulfilled. But tell us why do you make such strange wishes?”
Alexander took a deep breath and said,“I would like the world to know of the three lessons I have just learnt. I want my physicians to carry my coffin because people should realize that no doctor can really cure any bodies. They are powerless and cannot save a person from the clutches of death. So let people not take life for granted.
“The second wish of strewing gold,silver and other riches on the way to the graveyard is to tell people that not even a bit of gold will come with me. I spent all my life earning riches but cannot take anything with me. Let people realize that it is just a waste of time to chase wealth.”
“And about my third wish of having my hands hanging out of the coffin,I wish people to know that I came empty­handed into this world and empty­handed out of this world.”With these words,the King closed his eyes. Soon he let death conquer him and breathed his last.
28.The first paragraph suggests that Alexander        .
A.was conquering many kingdoms
B.realized that what he got in his life was nothing to him at all
C.wanted to leave as he came empty­handed
D.regarded his conquests,his great army,his sharp sword and all his wealth as the most important things
29.The underlined word “clutches”in Paragraph 3 means “        ”.
A.sentence       B.attention
C.control  D.shadow
30.The author intends to        .
A.tell us the story of Alexander
B.introduce readers to the instructive lessons of
Alexander
C.stress the power of Alexander the Great
D.persuade people to realize what Alexander said
31.What would be the best title for the passage?
A.The Death of Alexander
B.The Greed of Alexander
C.Three Wishes of Alexander
D.The Life of Alexander
D
The new high­speed railway line between Urumqi,capital of the Xinjiang Uygur Self­governing Region,and Lanzhou,capital of Gansu Province,has cut train travel time by half to less than 12 hours.
The dramatic improvement will benefit many families planning reunions for Spring Festival.
“For the first time,I feel home is not that far away after all,”said Liang Shaofu as he boarded a high­speed train in Urumqi with six members of his family.
The 35­year­old left Lanzhou to set up a dry fruit business in Xinjiang eight years ago,and he has now settled in Urumqi.
The 1,776­km line,which passes through Qinghai Province and is the countrys first high­speed railway to be built in a high­altitude region,came into service on Dec.26.
“We normally drive home for Spring Festival to avoid the difficulties of buying seven train tickets for the whole family during the peak season,”Liang said.“Driving can be very tiring and dangerous sometimes,so one year we even decided not to go back to Lanzhou simply to avoid the trip.”
More than 600,000 passengers traveled on the line during its first month,and the Urumqi Railway Bureau said the introduction of high­speed services will ease transport pressure during the Spring Festival peak season.
The existing usual railway line could no longer support Xinjiangs development.All passenger trains will gradually shift to the new link,leaving the old one to be used for goods.As a result,Xinjiangs annual goods ability could reach 200 million metric tons from the current 70 million.
The line passes through areas that experience high winds,and it also crosses parts of the deserted Qinghai­Tibet Plateau and the bone­dry sands of the Gobi Desert.
The project could help China to promote its high­speed railway technology abroad,said Ma Xizhang,director of the Lanzhou­Xinjiang railway projects management department in Xinjiang.
32.How long did it take to go from Urumqi to Lanzhou by the usual train before?
A.About 12 hours.    B.About 6 hours.
C.About 18 hours.  D.About 24 hours.
33.Whats the main advantage of the new high­speed railway?
A.It takes more time to go from Urumqi to Lanzhou.
B.It will be more convenient for people all over the country to go to Xinjiang.
C.All the people in Lanzhou can return home on festivals.
D.It helps to improve Xinjiangs development.
34.From the passage we can learn        .
A.Xinjiangs annual goods ability can increase nearly four times
B.the new railway technology may help more railway lines to be built abroad
C.the high­speed railway lines cant be built across the bone­dry sands
D.the old railway lines can only carry goods now
35.Which of the following is true according to the passage?
A.The new high­speed railway line is good for all people to go home.
B.The new high­speed railway line benefits businessmen to carry goods.
C.Taking the new train is safer than driving home from Urumqi to Lanzhou.
D.Businessmen seldom went home for Spring Festival before.
第二节
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
(2016•豫东、豫北十所名校联考)Whatever burdens youre carrying now,let them down for a moment if you can.  36 
Do your most difficult task first in the morning. Pushing a challenging task back is like holding a glass of water in an outstretched arm. At first nothing happens,but if you do it for hours or even days,you will soon feel the stress. Get the most annoying task done first and youll enjoy the peace of mind for the rest of the day.
Let go of things you cant control. You make plans to go outside with friends. But at the last minute,it starts raining. Some people become upset and start complaining. Youd better not. The rain wont stop just because of your complaint. 37  What I do in such situation is going for a quick walk in the park or just lie in bed reading a good book,listening to the rain beating on my window.
  38  Just make a list of three simple things about any part of your life that you love. This is a great technique if youre ever bored while stuck in traffic,or waiting in the grocery store checkout lane. You can immediately transform boredom into happiness and peace of mind!
Relax your body. Just walk to a window,look outside,and then take a single deep breath,focusing only on that breath and nothing else in the whole world.  39 
Talk to friends about your stress. Talking to friends about your worries can often be beneficial.  40 The simple act of speaking about anxieties can make them seem more manageable.
A.With physical relaxation,you can also increase your peace of mind.
B.Instead,make the best of the situation.
C.Those who care about you can offer support.
D.Avoid situations that cause you to feel anxious.
E.Here are some simple ways to increase your peace of mind.
F.Dont worry about what others are thinking of you.
G.List three things you love.
第三部分 语言知识运用
第一节 完形填空
(2016•江西南昌调研测试)I felt very depressed the other day. The weather had been dark and rainy, and I just didnt feel so    4 1  .
As I was sitting at my desk, I     42     it was the birthday of a dear long­time friend -a single, middle­aged woman who has devoted the past 30 years to nursing and loving her     43  .
Knowing that she didnt have family in town, I    4 4     to give her a call. Sure enough, she was on her shift,     45     to work late into the evening, and wouldnt have     46     time of a birthday this year. As always, though, she     47     cheerful and was happy that I   48  .
After I hung up,I couldnt  4 9     the feeling that she would really appreciate a little attention on her special day.  50     feeling a little depressed myself, I tried to put it out of my mind, but as the day passed, I couldnt shake the thought .I     51     gave in, and set off to the hospital with a card, a cheese cake, and some balloons that evening.My friends grateful smile and joyful surprise     52     me that Id done the right thing, and they were a generous     53     for the little effort it had taken.
When I got home, I realized that not only had I cheered up a     54     friend on her birthday, but my own negative feelings had also disappeared. Making her day had     55     my own! Isnt that the way it is     56     we take the time and make the  57     to do something for someone else? Its just like the saying, “Loving kindness is twice blessed; it blesses him who gives, and him who     58  .”
Cheering up people on their birthdays isnt the only thing we can do to make their day .Life constantly presents us with      59     to take an extra step or do a kind deed that will make a difference to    60  .And the wonderful thing is that as we do, it changes things for the better for us too.
41. A.special      B.positive
C.nervous  D.scared
42. A.explained  B.complained
C.remembered  D.informed
43. A.family  B.training
C.work  D.school
44. A.decided  B.continued
C.agreed  D.refused
45. A.surprised  B.disappointed
C.bored  D.prepared
46. A.much  B.many
C.little  D.few
47. A.sounded  B.looked
C.grew  D.found
48. A.admitted  B.called
C.succeeded  D.apologized
49. A.experience  B.imagine
C.shake  D.understand
50. A.Almost  B.Even
C.Never  D.Still
51. A.luckily  B.finally
C.unhappily  D.hardly
52. A.convinced  B.advised
C.promised  D.reminded
53. A.response  B.contribution
C.reward  D.share
54. A.careless  B.lonely
C.weak  D.curious
55. A.troubled  B.taken
C.wasted  D.made
56. A.when  B.where
C.why  D.how
57. A.suggestion  B.money
C.effort  D.call
58. A.tries  B.receives
C.expects  D.cares
59. A.opportunities  B.dreams
C.choices  D.regrets
60. A.someone  B.something
C.everyone  D.everything
第二节 语法填空
阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。
(2016•山西四校第二次联考)I was in the ninth year when I began to suffer depression. My parents noticed but felt that since Id always been  6 1   good child,this was temporary.
 6 2  (fortunate),it was not to be so.I didnt have friends.Hardly could I share my problems. Deep worry began to destroy my   63  (confident).Finally I refused to attend classes, 6 4  (shut)myself in my room for hours.
The examination was approaching,but I simply didnt care. My parents and teachers were surprised at my bad performance. One morning,  65  a particularly severe lecture from my father,I stood at the school gate, 6 6  (depress).Then as the other students marched to their classrooms,our headmaster called me. The next forty­five minutes was one of   67  (precious)moments in my life.  She said she  6 8  (notice)a big change in me and wondered why. At first she took my hands in  69  (she) and listened patiently as I mentioned my worries. Then she hugged me as I wept. Months of frustration and loneliness disappeared in her motherly hug.
No one had tried to understand what the real problem was except the headmaster,  70  helped me out simply by listening and hugging.
第四部分 写作
第一节.短文改错
Dear Mum,
This afternoon,our teacher asked us list what our parents had done for us.I write down a lot of good sides.
Time passes quickly,isnt it?It is three years when I became a high school student. Looking back on the progresses that I have made so far,I really appreciate for your support. I know that without your properly guidance,I would not have done so well. However,what still makes me puzzling is how to make my dream to go the top university come true. Please continue to lend I a hand. I really need your help.
Kate
第二节 书面表达
假设你是李华,你在读美国中学生Jack的博客(blog)时了解到他即将作为一名交换生来北京学习,希望能够寄宿在一名擅长英语的中学生家里,以便更好地了解中国文化。请根据以下要点给Jack写一封电子邮件:
1.欢迎他来中国学习;
2.介绍你的个人情况;
3.邀请他住在你家并愿意为他提供帮助。
注意:1.词数100左右;
2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
                                                                       
                                                                       
                                                                       
                                                                       
                                                                       
                                                                       
                                                                       

 

 

 
英语参考答案
听力  CBCAB  ACCAA  CCBBC  ABBAC
阅读  ACD CDAB  BCBC  DDBC  EBGAC
完形  BCCAD  AABCD  BACBD  ACBAA
1.a  2.Unfortunately  3.confidence  4.shutting  5.after  6.depressed  7.the most precious  8.had noticed  9.hers  10.who 
Dear Mum,
This afternoon,our teacher asked us ∧tolist what our parents had done for us.I  writewrote down a lot of good sides.
Time passes quickly,isntdoesnt it?It is three years whensince I became a high school student.Looking back on the progressesprogress that I have made so far,I really appreciate  your support.I know that without your properlyproper guidance,I would not have done so well.However,what still makes me puzzlingpuzzled is how to make my dream to go to thea top university come true.Please continue to lend Ime a hand.I really need your help.
Kate
Dear Jack,
I am very glad to learn that you are coming to Beijing as an exchange student and want to stay in a local home with a middle school student who can speak excellent English.
I am a high school student,and its my sincere hope that you can stay with me.I am good at English and can communicate with foreigners fluently.Besides,I like reading and travelling in my spare time,so if you are with us,I can take you around Beijing and let you know more about our brilliant Chinese culture.
Both my parents and I are friendly and enthusiastic in personality.So I believe we can be good friends.I am sure I will do what I can to help you with your Chinese.I am looking forward to your coming.
Best wishes.
Yours,

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