( 考试时间：120分钟 总分：150分)
1. What are the speakers doing?
A. Looking after Dad. B. Buying a jacket. C. Holding a party.
2. Who is the man probably?
A. The house owner. B. The repairman. C. The tutor.
3. What’s wrong with the man?
A. He breaks a drum.
B. He feels unwell.
C. He forgets to take his medicine.
4. What did the man do yesterday?
A. Finished reading a book. B. Had dinner with the woman. C. Gave a speech.
5. How would the woman like to go home?
A. By bus. B. By subway. C. By taxi.
6. Why does the woman gain weight?
A. She eats too much.
B. She feels stressed.
C. She is at the age of getting fat.
7. What will the man do to lose weight?
A. Go to a yoga class. B. Join a jogging club. C. Go running everyday.
8. What will the woman do tonight?
A. Go back home early. B. Go to a party. C. Talk to Mom.
9. What does the woman think of her mother?
A. Kind. B. Strict. C. Open-minded.
10. Where are the speakers probably?
A. In a store. B. In a post office. C. At home.
11. How much will the man pay for the delivery?
A. For free. B. 15 yuan. C. 20 yuan.
12. When will the man get his delivery?
A. Today. B. Tomorrow. C. The day after tomorrow.
13. What’s the relationship between the speakers?
A. Husband and wife. B. Friends. C. Colleagues.
14. What dessert will be prepared tomorrow?
A. Fruits. B. Strawberry pie. C. Chocolate cake.
15. What day is it today?
A. Friday. B. Saturday. C. Sunday.
16. What will the man do after lunch tomorrow?
A. Watch a football game. B. Send children to school. C. Take a shower.
17. At what age did Dessi Sieburth start loving birds?
A. 6. B. 8. C. 14.
18. Why does Dessi make boxes for bluebirds?
A. They are everywhere in his hometown.
B. They are easy to track.
C. They lose their nest places.
19. What’s the function of Dessi’s website?
A. To do researches.
B. To teach people about birds.
C. To raise money for birds.
20. What did Dessi do in Alaska recently?
A. He interviewed biologists.
B. He bought some gold there.
C. He studied on a type of eagle.
The local dog park might be getting busier and cat cafés might be opening in every neighborhood, but do you know which traditional pet is the most popular around the world?
The United States is home to the highest number of domestic (驯养的) dogs, cats, and fish, and Americans are more likely to treat their friends like humans. U.S. pet owners spend $50 billion a year on their animal companions, and 36% of dog owners have used some of that money to buy their pet a birthday present.
According to Russian tradition, keeping a cat as a pet is good fortunate, so its no surprise the cat is Russias most popular pet. In 2016, 57% of Russian households contained a cat, compared to the 29% that had dogs. On March 1, Russia celebrates National Cat Day as part of celebrations for World Cat Day.
Brazils domestic bird population was about 19 million in 2013, while dogs held top rank at just over 37 million. Brazil has the highest number of small dogs per capital city in the world. The nearly 20 million small dogs are attributed to (归因于) a rapidly-growing middle class living in small urban apartments.
Dogs and cats rank second and third in Britain, while fishes hold the top spot. It has been linked not only to the low maintenance (维护), but also to the fact that many other pets like dogs or cats are not allowed in some places.
21. Why are the figures mentioned in Paragraph 2?
A. To explain the importance of pets.
B. To show Americans growing wealth.
C. To explain why Americans have pets.
D. To show how Americans love their animal friends.
22. Where are cats regarded as the symbol of good luck?
A. In Brazil. B. In Russia.
C. In the United States. D. In the United Kingdom.
23. What are the most popular pets in the United Kingdom?
A. Dogs. B. Cats. C. Birds. D. Fishes.
For most climbers, reaching the peak of Mount Qomolangma once is a unique achievement. However, dont tell that to Kami Rita, who climbed up to the peak of the dangerous mountain for the 22nd time on May 16, 2018, breaking the previous record of 21 successful adventures he shared with two fellow guides. And the experienced mountaineer is not done yet! Before starting the recent climb, the 48-year-old announced, “My goal is to reach the peak of Mount Qomolangma at least 25 times. I want to set a new record not just for myself but for my family, the Sherpa people and for my country, Nepal.”
Mr. Rita, who earns $10,000 for each Qomolangma expedition, has successfully climbed the mountain almost every year since the age of 24. In his spare time, the Sherpa guide leads visitors to the areas other high peaks, such as K-2, Cho-Oyu, Manaslu, and Lhotse. Though the most accomplished, Mr. Rita is not the only climber in the family. His father was among the first professional guides to lead foreign mountaineers up Mount Qomolangma in 1950 and his brother has guided climbers to its peak 17 times. While Mr. Rita has avoided all the disasters, the experienced climber has witnessed his share of tragedies . In 2014, he was at base camp when an avalanche (雪崩) killed 16 Sherpa guides, including five from his team. The following year, an earthquake-triggered snowslide buried 19 people at base camp. The only reason Mr. Rita escaped was that his teams tents were situated away from the central area.
However, the mountaineer believes that the improvement in equipment and weather forecasting systems has made climbing Mount Qomolangma slightly easier than it was when he began. He said, “The dangers are still there. But we are not climbing blind like we used to. We are better informed about weather and other conditions on the mountain. Even our visitors are more aware, and they train themselves for at least a year before attempting Mount Qomolangma.”
24. What do we know about Kami Rita?
A. He began to work as a guide at the age of 24.
B. He used to guide visitors to Lhotse once a year.
C. He has reached the peak of Mount Qomolangma the most times.
D. He climbed Mount Qomolangma in 2018 with two fellow guides.
25. Why does Kami Rita want to continue to reach the top of Mount Qomolangma?
A. He regards it as great fun.
B. He is eager to win the $10,000 award.
C. He wants to break his brothers record.
D. He considers setting new records important.
26. Why could Kami Rita avoid the disasters mentioned in Paragraph 3?
A. He was fortunate enough.
B. He knew how to avoid them.
C. He was rescued by his team members.
D. He just stayed at home and relaxed.
27. What is implied in the last paragraph?
A. The previous dangers are still hard to avoid now.
B. Weather forecasting systems should be improved greatly.
C. New technologies make climbing Mount Qomolangma safer.
D. Climbers are better trained and closely watched over on the way.
Secondary English teacher Tara Diamond discovered she was going to be made homeless. Without warning, her landlord decided to sell the three-bed house in Bath that she’d been renting for ₤1,000 a month for the past three years. Diamond, a single mother of a teenage daughter and son, quickly found that on her yearly salary of ₤28,000, she couldn’t afford to rent another home locally.
“My pay has been frozen while rents have rocketed in Bath. Another three-bed place would have cost me ₤1,300 a month--80% of my take home pay--leaving my children and me with just ₤320 a month to live on.” She needed ₤4,000 to move home, including the deposit(押金). “I just didn’t have the money.”
Research found that in the UK one out of three low earners have borrowed money to pay their rent, either from family and friends or through credit cards. A full 70% of low earners are either struggling or falling behind with rent payments, barely managing to have somewhere to live.
Someone argues that people who can’t afford their rent should move elsewhere, but low pay is widespread and there are more job opportunities in the places with higher rents. If you can barely afford to save ₤10 a month, then the rental deposit, first month’s rent and removal fees are far beyond your resources unless you deliberately fall behind on your rent.
Increasingly, organizations that deal with poverty and housing are shouting for a housing solution that deals with affordability, not just supply. Arguing that simply increasing supply will cause the market to automatically grow fairer is nonsense.
The fact that so many people are struggling to pay their rent should cause outrage(义愤) and shame. And credit is limited: eventually those borrowing to cover rent won’t be able to borrow more, and will become homeless or cost the local authority more when they need rehousing. And if people in work are struggling with rent, what hope do people out of work have?
28.What does the underlined word in Paragraph 2 mean?
A. Used up. B. Becoming less and less.
C. Incapable of being changed D. Saved up for other purpose.
29.What can we know about low earners?
A. It is the deposit that stops them from renting a house.
B. They can’t save even ₤10 a week after paying their rent.
C. They get used to borrowing much money from the banks.
D. One third of them can’t afford their rents by themselves.
30.Why do people have to stay in the places with higher rents?
A. Low pay is widespread. B. They may be employed easily.
C. The deposit is low there. D. The government can help them there.
31.What does the author think of some organizations’ solution?
A. Fair B. Imaginative. C. Useless. D. Uncertain.
Our eyes tear up for various reasons. The most common are tears that are continuously being released to keep eyes slightly wet. Then there are reflex(反射的) tears that are shed（流) when eyes are exposed to things like dust or onion juice. And there are emotional tears pouring out when one is experiencing extreme happiness or sorrow.
While all tears are made up of enzymes, antibodies and oils mixed with salt water, the composition of each kind is unique. In a previous study performed on reflex and emotional tears, scientists discovered that the former contained primarily water while the latter included several chemicals, including one that helps reduce pain.
Thus, it would make sense that the tears consisting of the same chemicals would look exactly alike even under the careful examination of a microscope. However, as Dutch photographer Maurice Mikkers recently discovered, it is not the case.
The photographer, who said he wanted to relate scientific knowledge to the “real world”, began by inviting friends who were willing to shed some tears for him. The volunteers could eat hot peppers, stare at a fan, cut onions or think of something that would cause tears of joy or sadness.
Maurice obtained each precious tear with the help of a tiny pipe and put them into a microscope slide. The photographer then patiently waited for the tears to crystallize(结晶) before recording them with his camera. The images described beautiful and delicate structures that appeared as fragile as snowflakes(雪花). However, that was not the only feature they shared with the snow particles. They were also all unique. The differences can be due to the fact that each tear crystallizes slightly differently, leading to different shapes and formations.
Although Maurice’s experiment did not uncover the similarities in the tears within the same category that he had hoped for, he is enthusiastic about that. He plans to continue obtaining tear images using a higher quality microscope and also dreams about enlisting volunteers that include world leaders. Why? He wants to show that even the most powerful men and women are just like the rest of us--human!
32. How many kinds of common tears are mentioned in the passage?
A. 2 B. 3 C. 4 D.5
33. What does the underlined sentence in Paragraph 3 mean?
A. Tears usually consist of the same chemicals.
B. Tears’ chemicals are determined by different reasons.
C. Tears take on the same structure under a microscope.
D. Tears with the same chemicals look different under a microscope.
34. Why does Maurice plan to take more photos of tears?
A. He needs more data for his experiment.
B. He wants to attract more people’s attention.
C. He is addicted to collecting photos of tears.
D. He hopes to display his collection of tear images.
35. What is the best title for the passage?
A. How are tears classified?
B. Why do people shed tears?
C. Uncovering the secret of tears.
D. Similarities between tears and snowflakes.
Waste not, want not
Today, I live in Manhattan with my husband, Alex. Im an IT specialist and Alex is a lawyer. Lifes good, but sometimes I look at the way we live it and think of Ellie, my grandmother. Her favorite saying was “Waste not, want not.” 36 . Ellie carefully folded the paper from parcels and washed glass jars to use again. Frank, my grandfather, used old socks and pullovers (套头毛衣) to protect the plants in winter. Nowadays, we go to a garden center and buy special felt for that purpose. Have we all gone mad?
Such economy seems strange, even ridiculous, in our modern throwaway society, where everything is sold in boxes. 37 , but as a selling feature to make us want to buy them. Ellie and Frank would have seen the very idea of a “gift pack” as a cheat.
The United States produces about 180 million metric tons of waste per year, 70% of which is packaging material. The average American family uses up six trees worth of paper a year. 39 , they would reach to the moon and back twelve times. “We cant go on like this,” I said to Alex. “Lets start at home. If everybody starts at home, then this madness will stop.”
40 . Of course, this meant that we produced a lot of waste, but I was shocked to find that this came to over six kilos per week. “Your grandma Ellie with her ‘Waste not, want not was really modern, wasnt she?” “Not really,” I said. “Ellie and their neighbors were just ordinary, traditional New Englanders. Weve all gone mad since then.”
A. Packaging is not only used to protect goods
B. My grandparents threw almost nothing away
C. In one week alone, we threw away five old magazines
D. We didnt often go shopping and then cook meals at home
E. As young Manhattan professionals, we buy a lot of “convenience food”
F. But we pay a high financial and ecological price for our lovely packaging
G. If you placed all the cans used in the United States in one year end to end
As human beings, we are alike in many ways. Yet 41 our similarities, no two people are exactly the same. Even identical twins 42 different life experiences. Just because of these 43 , a “one size fits all” solution will rarely be the most 44 answer to our problems.
One of my life 45 is to find what works for me best, and forget the rest. Just that something works great for someone else, doesn’t 46 mean that it will work well for me. I have found that I am most successful when I 47 any new method or strategy I learn to my 48 situation.
A perfect example of why it’s best to find what works for you is when it 49 to trying to pick a diet and an exercise plan. There are 50 diet plans and exercise programs out there to choose from, and it 51 be quite overwhelming(难以应付的). With diet plans you have to consider food allergies, how 52 the food is if you are away from home most of the time, and many other 53 . With exercise programs you have to consider your starting level of fitness, and health issues that might 54 your ability to do the program, and whether you actually enjoy the exercise enough to 55 with it. Many people like jogging, but it is probably my least 56 form of exercise. By finding more suitable and enjoyable 57 that give me the same 58 or better, it is easier to stick with my exercise program.
You 59 yourself better than anyone, so don’t be afraid to experiment with different solutions to whatever you are trying to achieve. Don’t 60 use something because it is “the best”, or because it worked great for someone else. Find what works best for you, and forget the rest.
41. A. beyond B. above C. despite D. through
42. A. come up with B. put up with C. go on with D. end up with
43. A. differences B. similarities C. experiences D. characters
44. A. technical B. practical C. physical D. medical
45. A. solutions B. experiences C. emotions D. principles
46. A. unfortunately B. eventually C. necessarily D. immediately
47. A. refuse B. adapt C. examine D. discover
48. A. personal B. natural C. musical D. political
49. A. adds B. comes C. leads D. contributes
50. A. various B. unique C. boring D. colorful
51. A. must B. should C. will D. can
52. A. comfortable B. portable C. changeable D. reasonable
53. A. factors B. facts C. problems D. programs
54. A. improve B. adopt C. affect D. promote
55. A. chat B. communicate C. agree D. stick
56. A. favorite B. harmful C. difficult D. expensive
57. A. challenges B. alternatives C. diets D. experiments
58. A. grades B. results C. marks D. signs
59. A. observe B. express C. teach D. know
60. A. just B. still C. yet D. already
Chinese President Xi Jinping has praised a group of middle school students for their efforts in satellite design. He said he was pleased with their curiosity and bravery in 61 (science) exploration. The president also wished the teachers and students in Bayi School 62 happy new year.
Xi made the praise in a letter 63 (write) to the students in Beijing’s Bayi School on Saturday. A small satellite designed and developed by them 64 (send) into space last Wednesday at Taiyuan Satellite Launch (发射) Center 65 it was designed to operate in orbit (轨道) for 180 days.
Three months ago, Xi returned to his high school, to visit a laboratory and talk to teachers and students 66 were designing the small satellite. The president said he was 67 (extreme) glad to know that the satellite designed by the students would be launched and called on them to become 68 (build) of the country. Xi warmly encouraged the students 69 (study) science and contribute to the development of China. He hoped that the students would keep hungry for knowledge and develop 70 (they) national spirit.
Recently many schools have taken up tough measures to forbid students to bring their smart phones to school. Therefore, some students break this rule and some even play with their smart phones in class and that makes the teachers discouraging.
The disadvantages of students bringing smart phones to school is obvious. On one hand, smart phones can distract students’ attentions. On other hand, some students may get access for some unhealthy websites, which does harm to their development. What’s bad, some students are likely to compare the brands of their smart phones with their classmates’.
In my opinion, I strong support banning smart phones in schools. Only by this means can you devote more energies to our study and achieve our goals.
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Yours sincerely,
听力：1—5 BABAC 6—10 BCABA 11—15 ACACA 16—20 BBCBC
阅读：21-23 DBD 24-27CDAC 28-31CDBC 32-35 BDAC 36-40 BAFGE
完形：41-45 CDABD 46-50 CBABA 51-55 DBACD 56-60 ABBDA
61. scientific 62. a 63. written 64. was sent 65. and
66. who/ that 67. extremely 68. builders 69. to study 70. their
71.去掉taken后面的 up 72.Therefore 改为However 73. discouraging改为 discouraged 74. is 改为are 75.attentions 改为attention 76 On other hand 改为On the other hand 77. get access for改为 get access to 78. bad改为 worse 79. strong改为 strongly 80. you改为 we
How is everything going? So delighted am I to learn that you are coming to work in our city.
The weather here is quite good, neither too hot in summer nor too cold in winter. As for the transportation, there are convenient buses and subways, by which you can go around easily. Besides, adequate taxis are also a good choice. We prefer spicy food and get used to drinking hot water. Our life here is a bit busy, and everyone is occupied with their work.
Of course, there may be something that you are not accustomed to when you come here. However, I am sure that you will be able to adjust to the life here soon. Best wishes!
M: What color do you think is fit for Dad?
W: Of course deep blue. How about having a big birthday party for him this weekend?
M: Good idea. I’ll pay for the jacket first.
W: Mr. Smith, I feel the light in my room is turning dark. Could you ask someone come to fix it?
M: No problem, but your rent doesn’t include these fees. You need to pay it by yourself.
M: My heart beats like a drum. Could you please call the 911?
W: OK. Do you bring the medicine?
M: It’s my first time feeling like this, and I don’t take any medicine.
M: I have finished reading Jean-Christophe (《约翰•克利斯朵夫》) yesterday.
W: I just recommended it to you yesterday. You won’t get anything from it, if you read without reflecting. It’s like eating without digesting.
W: The next bus is coming in 15 minutes.
M: Let’s take the subway. Though it needs 20-minute-walk to get to the station, it saves time in total.
W: I don’t want to walk. Taking a taxi home is my choice.
W: I want to lose weight! I didn’t eat much in this winter, but I have been overweight. Maybe it’s because of the pressure of work.
M: I think for me it’s because of the age.
W: I have a yoga class tomorrow. Do you want to come with me?
M: No, it’s too expensive. I’ve decided to take some exercises on my own.
W: What are you going to do?
M: I plan to run around the track everyday. In the morning I run for an hour, and in the afternoon I run for an hour.
W: It sounds good.
M: Hello, Julia, I know a party will begin at midnight. Would you love to go?
W: I’d love to, but my mother has asked me to go home before eight tonight.
M: What a pity! The party is very interesting. Could you have a talk with her?
W: No. I have no choice. My mother is always very strict with me.
M: I know your mom is concerned about your safety, but she’s an open-minded mom. I’m sure she’ll understand.
W: No, I don’t think so.
M: Okay, I’ll take it. By the way, do you provide delivery service?
W: Yes, we do. You don’t need to carry the furniture home.
M: Do you charge for delivery?
W: Normally it’s 20 yuan. But since you have spent over 1,500 yuan, we will deliver the furniture for you for free.
M: Very good. Could you deliver it to this address?
W: Sure, please write down your name and your phone number.
M: OK. Can you tell me the delivery time? Will you send it this afternoon?
W: No, but no later than tomorrow.
M: Well, could you send it the day after tomorrow? I’m not at home tomorrow.
W: No problem.
W: Do you remember that Jason and his wife are coming for dinner tomorrow night?
M: Oh, I almost forgot it. At what time?
W: Seven o’clock.
M: I guess we should expect them around 8:00 then, eh?
W: They are always late. Ha ha.
M: So, what are you making?
W: I thought I’d make salad and beef and then chocolate cake for dessert.
M: Yum. Chocolate cake sounds good.
W: That reminds me. We have to go to the store tomorrow morning to pick up some groceries.
M: What about tomorrow afternoon?
W: Well, that’s Saturday afternoon. I’m going to a baby shower for Pauline. And don’t forget our boys have a soccer game. You’ll have to send them to school after lunch.
M: What? I was supposed to watch a baseball game at 12:30 with my friends.
W: Sorry, Doug. I have to go to the shower, so I can’t take them. Do you want them to miss their game?
M: Alright. I’ll take them. I guess I can record the game.
M: Hello, everyone. Today’s guest is just 14 years old, and he is protecting birds around the world. His name is Dessi Sieburth. His love of birds started when he made his first bird feeder about six years ago. Now, he has his own group called “Protecting Our Birds”. He has been making western bluebird boxes for about four years. Dessi hangs them up in trees and takes them down every week and looks at them to see if the bluebirds are nesting. He does that every year during the summer. He chooses the bluebird because they nest in dead trees, but a lot of dead trees are being cut down. Dessi makes these boxes to take the place of the trees. He does research about birds, runs a website to teach people about birds and how to help them, and builds boxes for birds. Dessi has interviewed biologists, written a lot of articles on birds for local newspaper. Dessi also recently spent 10 days in Alaska with his family where he did research on golden eagles in Denali National Park. So now let’s welcome Dessi Sieburth!
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