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福建上杭一中2019届高三英语上学期期中试题(有答案)

上杭一中
2018-2019学年第一学期半期考
高三英语试题
( 考试时间:120分钟      总分:150分)
 
       本试卷分第I卷(选择题)和第II卷(非选择题)两部分
第I卷
第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)
第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
1. What are the speakers doing? 
A. Looking after Dad.   B. Buying a jacket.  C. Holding a party. 
2. Who is the man probably?  
A. The house owner.   B. The repairman.   C. The tutor. 
3. What’s wrong with the man? 
A. He breaks a drum.
B. He feels unwell.
C. He forgets to take his medicine.
4. What did the man do yesterday? 
A. Finished reading a book.  B. Had dinner with the woman. C. Gave a speech. 
5. How would the woman like to go home? 
A. By bus.    B. By subway.    C. By taxi. 
第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)
听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。
6. Why does the woman gain weight?
A. She eats too much.
B. She feels stressed.
C. She is at the age of getting fat.
7. What will the man do to lose weight?
A. Go to a yoga class.      B. Join a jogging club.      C. Go running everyday.
听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。
8. What will the woman do tonight?
A. Go back home early.      B. Go to a party.       C. Talk to Mom.
9. What does the woman think of her mother?
A. Kind.        B. Strict.        C. Open-minded.
听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。
10. Where are the speakers probably? 
A. In a store.       B. In a post office.        C. At home. 
11. How much will the man pay for the delivery? 
A. For free.        B. 15 yuan.              C. 20 yuan. 
12. When will the man get his delivery? 
A. Today.          B. Tomorrow.            C. The day after tomorrow. 
听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。
13. What’s the relationship between the speakers? 
A. Husband and wife.         B. Friends.       C. Colleagues. 
14. What dessert will be prepared tomorrow? 
A. Fruits.         B. Strawberry pie.        C. Chocolate cake. 
15. What day is it today? 
A. Friday.        B. Saturday.             C. Sunday. 
16. What will the man do after lunch tomorrow? 
A. Watch a football game.     B. Send children to school.     C. Take a shower.
听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。
17. At what age did Dessi Sieburth start loving birds? 
A. 6.           B. 8.           C. 14. 
18. Why does Dessi make boxes for bluebirds? 
A. They are everywhere in his hometown. 
B. They are easy to track. 
C. They lose their nest places. 
19. What’s the function of Dessi’s website? 
A. To do researches. 
B. To teach people about birds. 
C. To raise money for birds. 
20. What did Dessi do in Alaska recently? 
A. He interviewed biologists. 
B. He bought some gold there. 
C. He studied on a type of eagle.
第二部分  阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节  (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
 A
The local dog park might be getting busier and cat cafés might be opening in every neighborhood, but do you know which traditional pet is the most popular around the world?
United States
The United States is home to the highest number of domestic (驯养的) dogs, cats, and fish, and Americans are more likely to treat their friends like humans. U.S. pet owners spend $50 billion a year on their animal companions, and 36% of dog owners have used some of that money to buy their pet a birthday present.
Russia
According to Russian tradition, keeping a cat as a pet is good fortunate, so its no surprise the cat is Russias most popular pet. In 2016, 57% of Russian households contained a cat, compared to the 29% that had dogs. On March 1, Russia celebrates National Cat Day as part of celebrations for World Cat Day.
Brazil
Brazils domestic bird population was about 19 million in 2013, while dogs held top rank at just over 37 million. Brazil has the highest number of small dogs per capital city in the world. The nearly 20 million small dogs are attributed to (归因于) a rapidly-growing middle class living in small urban apartments.
United Kingdom
Dogs and cats rank second and third in Britain, while fishes hold the top spot. It has been linked not only to the low maintenance (维护), but also to the fact that many other pets like dogs or cats are not allowed in some places.
21. Why are the figures mentioned in Paragraph 2?
A. To explain the importance of pets.   
B. To show Americans growing wealth.
C. To explain why Americans have pets.
D. To show how Americans love their animal friends.
22. Where are cats regarded as the symbol of good luck?
A. In Brazil.     B. In Russia.
C. In the United States.   D. In the United Kingdom.
23. What are the most popular pets in the United Kingdom?
A. Dogs.       B. Cats.       C. Birds.       D. Fishes.
                              B
For most climbers, reaching the peak of Mount Qomolangma once is a unique achievement. However, dont tell that to Kami Rita, who climbed up to the peak of the dangerous mountain for the 22nd time on May 16, 2018, breaking the previous record of 21 successful adventures he shared with two fellow guides. And the experienced mountaineer is not done yet! Before starting the recent climb, the 48-year-old announced, “My goal is to reach the peak of Mount Qomolangma at least 25 times. I want to set a new record not just for myself but for my family, the Sherpa people and for my country, Nepal.”
Mr. Rita, who earns $10,000 for each Qomolangma expedition, has successfully climbed the mountain almost every year since the age of 24. In his spare time, the Sherpa guide leads visitors to the areas other high peaks, such as K-2, Cho-Oyu, Manaslu, and Lhotse. Though the most accomplished, Mr. Rita is not the only climber in the family. His father was among the first professional guides to lead foreign mountaineers up Mount Qomolangma in 1950 and his brother has guided climbers to its peak 17 times.     While Mr. Rita has avoided all the disasters, the experienced climber has witnessed his share of tragedies . In 2014, he was at base camp when an avalanche (雪崩) killed 16 Sherpa guides, including five from his team. The following year, an earthquake-triggered snowslide buried 19 people at base camp. The only reason Mr. Rita escaped was that his teams tents were situated away from the central area.
However, the mountaineer believes that the improvement in equipment and weather forecasting systems has made climbing Mount Qomolangma slightly easier than it was when he began. He said, “The dangers are still there. But we are not climbing blind like we used to. We are better informed about weather and other conditions on the mountain. Even our visitors are more aware, and they train themselves for at least a year before attempting Mount Qomolangma.”
24. What do we know about Kami Rita?
A. He began to work as a guide at the age of 24.
B. He used to guide visitors to Lhotse once a year.
C. He has reached the peak of Mount Qomolangma the most times.
D. He climbed Mount Qomolangma in 2018 with two fellow guides.
25. Why does Kami Rita want to continue to reach the top of Mount Qomolangma?
A. He regards it as great fun.
B. He is eager to win the $10,000 award.
C. He wants to break his brothers record.
D. He considers setting new records important.
26. Why could Kami Rita avoid the disasters mentioned in Paragraph 3?
A. He was fortunate enough.
B. He knew how to avoid them.
C. He was rescued by his team members.
D. He just stayed at home and relaxed.
27. What is implied in the last paragraph?
A. The previous dangers are still hard to avoid now.
B. Weather forecasting systems should be improved greatly.
C. New technologies make climbing Mount Qomolangma safer.
D. Climbers are better trained and closely watched over on the way.
C
Secondary English teacher Tara Diamond discovered she was going to be made homeless. Without warning, her landlord decided to sell the three-bed house in Bath that she’d been renting for ₤1,000 a month for the past three years. Diamond, a single mother of a teenage daughter and son, quickly found that on her yearly salary of ₤28,000, she couldn’t afford to rent another home locally.
“My pay has been frozen while rents have rocketed in Bath. Another three-bed place would have cost me ₤1,300 a month--80% of my take home pay--leaving my children and me with just ₤320 a month to live on.” She needed ₤4,000 to move home, including the deposit(押金). “I just didn’t have the money.”
Research found that in the UK one out of three low earners have borrowed money to pay their rent, either from family and friends or through credit cards. A full 70% of low earners are either struggling or falling behind with rent payments, barely managing to have somewhere to live.
Someone argues that people who can’t afford their rent should move elsewhere, but low pay is widespread and there are more job opportunities in the places with higher rents. If you can barely afford to save ₤10 a month, then the rental deposit, first month’s rent and removal fees are far beyond your resources unless you deliberately fall behind on your rent.
Increasingly, organizations that deal with poverty and housing are shouting for a housing solution that deals with affordability, not just supply. Arguing that simply increasing supply will cause the market to automatically grow fairer is nonsense.
The fact that so many people are struggling to pay their rent should cause outrage(义愤) and shame. And credit is limited: eventually those borrowing to cover rent won’t be able to borrow more, and will become homeless or cost the local authority more when they need rehousing. And if people in work are struggling with rent, what hope do people out of work have?
28.What does the underlined word in Paragraph 2 mean?
   A. Used up.      B. Becoming less and less.
C. Incapable of being changed  D. Saved up for other purpose.
29.What can we know about low earners?
A. It is the deposit that stops them from renting a house.
B. They can’t save even ₤10 a week after paying their rent.
C. They get used to borrowing much money from the banks.
D. One third of them can’t afford their rents by themselves.
30.Why do people have to stay in the places with higher rents?
A. Low pay is widespread.       B. They may be employed easily.
C. The deposit is low there.      D. The government can help them there.
31.What does the author think of some organizations’ solution?
A. Fair   B. Imaginative.    C. Useless.       D. Uncertain.
D
Our eyes tear up for various reasons. The most common are tears that are continuously being released to keep eyes slightly wet. Then there are reflex(反射的) tears that are shed(流) when eyes are exposed to things like dust or onion juice. And there are emotional tears pouring out when one is experiencing extreme happiness or sorrow.
While all tears are made up of enzymes, antibodies and oils mixed with salt water, the composition of each kind is unique. In a previous study performed on reflex and emotional tears, scientists discovered that the former contained primarily water while the latter included several chemicals, including one that helps reduce pain.
Thus, it would make sense that the tears consisting of the same chemicals would look exactly alike even under the careful examination of a microscope. However, as Dutch photographer Maurice Mikkers recently discovered, it is not the case.
The photographer, who said he wanted to relate scientific knowledge to the “real world”, began by inviting friends who were willing to shed some tears for him. The volunteers could eat hot peppers, stare at a fan, cut onions or think of something that would cause tears of joy or sadness.
Maurice obtained each precious tear with the help of a tiny pipe and put them into a microscope slide. The photographer then patiently waited for the tears to crystallize(结晶) before recording them with his camera. The images described beautiful and delicate structures that appeared as fragile as snowflakes(雪花). However, that was not the only feature they shared with the snow particles. They were also all unique. The differences can be due to the fact that each tear crystallizes slightly differently, leading to different shapes and formations.
Although Maurice’s experiment did not uncover the similarities in the tears within the same category that he had hoped for, he is enthusiastic about that. He plans to continue obtaining tear images using a higher quality microscope and also dreams about enlisting volunteers that include world leaders. Why? He wants to show that even the most powerful men and women are just like the rest of us--human!
32. How many kinds of common tears are mentioned in the passage?
A. 2       B. 3        C. 4         D.5
33. What does the underlined sentence in Paragraph 3 mean?
A. Tears usually consist of the same chemicals.
B. Tears’ chemicals are determined by different reasons.
C. Tears take on the same structure under a microscope.
D. Tears with the same chemicals look different under a microscope.
34. Why does Maurice plan to take more photos of tears?
A. He needs more data for his experiment.
B. He wants to attract more people’s attention.
C. He is addicted to collecting photos of tears.
D. He hopes to display his collection of tear images.
35. What is the best title for the passage?
A. How are tears classified?        
B. Why do people shed tears?
C. Uncovering the secret of tears.
D. Similarities between tears and snowflakes.
第二节  (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分) 
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
Waste not, want not
Today, I live in Manhattan with my husband, Alex. Im an IT specialist and Alex is a lawyer. Lifes good, but sometimes I look at the way we live it and think of Ellie, my grandmother. Her favorite saying was “Waste not, want not.”  36  . Ellie carefully folded the paper from parcels and washed glass jars to use again. Frank, my grandfather, used old socks and pullovers (套头毛衣) to protect the plants in winter. Nowadays, we go to a garden center and buy special felt for that purpose. Have we all gone mad?
Such economy seems strange, even ridiculous, in our modern throwaway society, where everything is sold in boxes.   37  , but as a selling feature to make us want to buy them. Ellie and Frank would have seen the very idea of a “gift pack” as a cheat.
  38  .
The United States produces about 180 million metric tons of waste per year, 70% of which is packaging material. The average American family uses up six trees worth of paper a year.  39   , they would reach to the moon and back twelve times. “We cant go on like this,” I said to Alex. “Lets start at home. If everybody starts at home, then this madness will stop.”
  40  . Of course, this meant that we produced a lot of waste, but I was shocked to find that this came to over six kilos per week. “Your grandma Ellie with her ‘Waste not, want not was really modern, wasnt she?” “Not really,” I said. “Ellie and their neighbors were just ordinary, traditional New Englanders. Weve all gone mad since then.”
A. Packaging is not only used to protect goods
B. My grandparents threw almost nothing away
C. In one week alone, we threw away five old magazines
D. We didnt often go shopping and then cook meals at home
E. As young Manhattan professionals, we buy a lot of “convenience food”
F. But we pay a high financial and ecological price for our lovely packaging
G. If you placed all the cans used in the United States in one year end to end
第三部分 语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节  完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)                           
As human beings, we are alike in many ways. Yet   41   our similarities, no two people are exactly the same. Even identical twins   42   different life experiences. Just because of these    43  , a “one size fits all” solution will rarely be the most   44   answer to our problems.
One of my life   45   is to find what works for me best, and forget the rest. Just that something works great for someone else, doesn’t   46   mean that it will work well for me. I have found that I am most successful when I   47   any new method or strategy I learn to my   48   situation.
A perfect example of why it’s best to find what works for you is when it   49   to trying to pick a diet and an exercise plan. There are   50   diet plans and exercise programs out there to choose from, and it   51   be quite overwhelming(难以应付的). With diet plans you have to consider food allergies, how   52   the food is if you are away from home most of the time, and many other   53  . With exercise programs you have to consider your starting level of fitness, and health issues that might   54   your ability to do the program, and whether you actually enjoy the exercise enough to   55   with it. Many people like jogging, but it is probably my least   56   form of exercise. By finding more suitable and enjoyable   57   that give me the same   58   or better, it is easier to stick with my exercise program.
You   59   yourself better than anyone, so don’t be afraid to experiment with different solutions to whatever you are trying to achieve. Don’t   60   use something because it is “the best”, or because it worked great for someone else. Find what works best for you, and forget the rest.
41. A. beyond   B. above   C. despite   D. through
42. A. come up with  B. put up with  C. go on with  D. end up with
43. A. differences  B. similarities  C. experiences  D. characters
44. A. technical   B. practical   C. physical    D. medical
45. A. solutions   B. experiences  C. emotions   D. principles
46. A. unfortunately  B. eventually     C. necessarily  D. immediately
47. A. refuse    B. adapt    C. examine   D. discover
48. A. personal   B. natural    C. musical    D. political
49. A. adds    B. comes   C. leads    D. contributes
50. A. various   B. unique   C. boring   D. colorful
51. A. must    B. should   C. will    D. can
52. A. comfortable  B. portable   C. changeable  D. reasonable
53. A. factors   B. facts    C. problems   D. programs
54. A. improve   B. adopt    C. affect    D. promote
55. A. chat        B. communicate  C. agree    D. stick
56. A. favorite   B. harmful    C. difficult    D. expensive
57. A. challenges   B. alternatives   C. diets    D. experiments
58. A. grades   B. results    C. marks   D. signs
59. A. observe    B. express   C. teach    D. know
60. A. just     B. still     C. yet     D. already
第II卷
第二节  (共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
阅读下面短文,在空白处填入 1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。
 Chinese President Xi Jinping has praised a group of middle school students for their efforts in satellite design. He said he was pleased with their curiosity and bravery in   61   (science) exploration. The president also wished the teachers and students in Bayi School   62   happy new year.
Xi made the praise in a letter   63   (write) to the students in Beijing’s Bayi School on Saturday. A small satellite designed and developed by them   64   (send) into space last Wednesday at Taiyuan Satellite Launch (发射) Center   65   it was designed to operate in orbit (轨道) for 180 days.
Three months ago, Xi returned to his high school, to visit a laboratory and talk to teachers and students   66   were designing the small satellite. The president said he was   67   (extreme) glad to know that the satellite designed by the students would be launched and called on them to become   68   (build) of the country. Xi warmly encouraged the students   69   (study) science and contribute to the development of China. He hoped that the students would keep hungry for knowledge and develop   70   (they) national spirit.

第四部分  写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节  短文改错(共10小题;每小题l分,满分10分)
    假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
    增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号( ),并在其下面写出该加的词。
    删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
    修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
    注意:1.每处错误及修改均仅限一词。
    2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
Recently many schools have taken up tough measures to forbid students to bring their smart phones to school. Therefore, some students break this rule and some even play with their smart phones in class and that makes the teachers discouraging.
The disadvantages of students bringing smart phones to school is obvious. On one hand, smart phones can distract students’ attentions. On other hand, some students may get access for some unhealthy websites, which does harm to their development. What’s bad, some students are likely to compare the brands of their smart phones with their classmates’.
In my opinion, I strong support banning smart phones in schools. Only by this means can you devote more energies to our study and achieve our goals.
第二节  书面表达(满分25分)
假设你是李华,最近你的英国朋友Tom要来你所在的城市工作,他来信询问天气,交通,饮食特点,生活节奏等.请给他回信介绍相关情况。
注意:1.词数100左右;
2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;
3. 考生不得在写作中提及真实地名。
Dear Tom,
    __________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________                                                            Yours sincerely,
Li Hua

 

参考答案
听力:1—5 BABAC   6—10 BCABA   11—15 ACACA   16—20 BBCBC
阅读:21-23 DBD  24-27CDAC  28-31CDBC  32-35 BDAC     36-40 BAFGE
完形:41-45 CDABD    46-50 CBABA     51-55 DBACD    56-60 ABBDA
语法填词:
61. scientific     62. a      63. written     64. was sent    65. and  
66. who/ that     67. extremely    68. builders    69. to study    70. their
短文改错
71.去掉taken后面的 up  72.Therefore 改为However   73. discouraging改为 discouraged 74. is 改为are   75.attentions 改为attention  76 On other hand 改为On the other hand   77. get access for改为  get access to  78. bad改为 worse   79. strong改为 strongly  80. you改为 we
书面表达
Dear Tom,
  How is everything going? So delighted am I to learn that you are coming to work in our city.
  The weather here is quite good, neither too hot in summer nor too cold in winter. As for the transportation, there are convenient buses and subways, by which you can go around easily. Besides, adequate taxis are also a good choice. We prefer spicy food and get used to drinking hot water. Our life here is a bit busy, and everyone is occupied with their work.
  Of course, there may be something that you are not accustomed to when you come here. However, I am sure that you will be able to adjust to the life here soon. Best wishes!
                                                          Yours sincerely,
                                                                                    Li Hua 
听力材料
Text 1
M: What color do you think is fit for Dad?
W: Of course deep blue. How about having a big birthday party for him this weekend?
M: Good idea. I’ll pay for the jacket first.
Text 2
W: Mr. Smith, I feel the light in my room is turning dark. Could you ask someone come to fix it?
M: No problem, but your rent doesn’t include these fees. You need to pay it by yourself.
Text 3
M: My heart beats like a drum. Could you please call the 911?
W: OK. Do you bring the medicine?
M: It’s my first time feeling like this, and I don’t take any medicine.
Text 4
M: I have finished reading Jean-Christophe (《约翰•克利斯朵夫》) yesterday.
W: I just recommended it to you yesterday. You won’t get anything from it, if you read without reflecting. It’s like eating without digesting.
Text 5
W: The next bus is coming in 15 minutes.
M: Let’s take the subway. Though it needs 20-minute-walk to get to the station, it saves time in total. 
W: I don’t want to walk. Taking a taxi home is my choice.
Text 6
W: I want to lose weight! I didn’t eat much in this winter, but I have been overweight.  Maybe it’s because of the pressure of work. 
M: I think for me it’s because of the age.
W: I have a yoga class tomorrow. Do you want to come with me?
M: No, it’s too expensive. I’ve decided to take some exercises on my own.
W: What are you going to do?
M: I plan to run around the track everyday. In the morning I run for an hour, and in the afternoon I run for an hour.
W: It sounds good.
Text 7
M: Hello, Julia, I know a party will begin at midnight. Would you love to go?
W: I’d love to, but my mother has asked me to go home before eight tonight.
M: What a pity! The party is very interesting. Could you have a talk with her?
W: No. I have no choice. My mother is always very strict with me.
M: I know your mom is concerned about your safety, but she’s an open-minded mom. I’m sure she’ll understand.
W: No, I don’t think so.
Text 8
M: Okay, I’ll take it. By the way, do you provide delivery service?
W: Yes, we do. You don’t need to carry the furniture home.
M: Do you charge for delivery?
W: Normally it’s 20 yuan. But since you have spent over 1,500 yuan, we will deliver the furniture for you for free.
M: Very good. Could you deliver it to this address?
W: Sure, please write down your name and your phone number.
M: OK. Can you tell me the delivery time? Will you send it this afternoon?
W: No, but no later than tomorrow.
M: Well, could you send it the day after tomorrow? I’m not at home tomorrow.
W: No problem. 
Text 9
W: Do you remember that Jason and his wife are coming for dinner tomorrow night?
M: Oh, I almost forgot it. At what time?
W: Seven o’clock.
M: I guess we should expect them around 8:00 then, eh?
W: They are always late. Ha ha.
M: So, what are you making?
W: I thought I’d make salad and beef and then chocolate cake for dessert.
M: Yum. Chocolate cake sounds good.
W: That reminds me. We have to go to the store tomorrow morning to pick up some groceries.
M: What about tomorrow afternoon?
W: Well, that’s Saturday afternoon. I’m going to a baby shower for Pauline.  And don’t forget our boys have a soccer game. You’ll have to send them to school after lunch.
M: What? I was supposed to watch a baseball game at 12:30 with my friends.
W: Sorry, Doug. I have to go to the shower, so I can’t take them. Do you want them to miss their game?
M: Alright.  I’ll take them. I guess I can record the game.
W: Good. 
Text 10
M: Hello, everyone. Today’s guest is just 14 years old, and he is protecting birds around the world. His name is Dessi Sieburth.  His love of birds started when he made his first bird feeder about six years ago. Now, he has his own group called “Protecting Our Birds”. He has been making western bluebird boxes for about four years. Dessi hangs them up in trees and takes them down every week and looks at them to see if the bluebirds are nesting. He does that every year during the summer.  He chooses the bluebird because they nest in dead trees, but a lot of dead trees are being cut down. Dessi makes these boxes to take the place of the trees. He does research about birds, runs a website to teach people about birds and how to help them, and builds boxes for birds. Dessi has interviewed biologists, written a lot of articles on birds for local newspaper. Dessi also recently spent 10 days in Alaska with his family where he did research on golden eagles in Denali National Park. So now let’s welcome Dessi Sieburth!


 

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