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模块4 Unit 2 Working the land
1.【2018 •天津高考卷】I didn’t mean _____anything but the ice cream looked so good that I couldn’t help ______it.
A.to eat; to try B. eating; trying
C. eating; to try D.to eat; trying
2.【2018•北京高考卷】_____ along the old Silk Road is an interesting and rewarding experience.
A. Travel B. Traveling C. Having traveled D. Traveled
3.【北京人大附中2018届高三考前热身】The problem with the current system allows anyone to commit a similar crime without . It needs to be fixed.
A. being punished B. punished C. to punish D. punishing
4.【中央民族大学附中2018届高三12月月考】 the wild for a week, especially for a teenager, was an unpleasant experience.
A. Being lost in B. Lost in C. Losing in D. Having lost in
5.【2018年天津市十二重点中学高三毕业联考一】 — What has made him in such high spirits recently?
— _____ by his teacher for succeeding passing the exam.
A. Being praised B. Praised C. Having praised D. To praise
6.【天津市耀华中学2018届高三上第一次月考】______more about Chinese culture, Jack has decided to take Chinese folk music as an elective course.
A. Learn B. Learned C. To learn D. To be learning
7.【北京市石景山区2018届高三3月一模】As is known, only hard leads to happiness.
A. work B. works C. worked D. working
8.【北京市石景山区2018届高三3月一模】 students English well, the teacher tries to speak English in class very often.
A. Teaching B. Taught C. To teach D. Teach
9.【北京市门头沟区2018届高三上期末】 _______ the classroom for a whole afternoon, the monitor decided to have a rest.
A. Having cleaned B. To clean C. Cleaned D. Clean
10.【北京市石景山区2018届高三3月一模】After college, he was employed in a middle school and there ever since.
A. would worked B. had worked C. worked D. has worked
【2018•全国卷Ⅱ】Diets have changed in China—and so too has its top crop. Since 2011, the country 11. (grow) more corn than rice. Corn production has jumped nearly 125 percent over 12. past 25 years, while rice has increased only 7 percent.
A taste for meat is 13. (actual) behind the change: An important part of its corn is used to feed chickens, pigs, and cattle. Another reason for corn’s rise: The government encourages farmers to grow corn instead of rice 14. (improve) water quality. Corn uses less water 15. rice and creates less fertilizer(化肥)runoff. This switch has decreased 16. (pollute) in the countrys major lakes and reservoirs and made drinking water safer for people.
According to the World Bank, China accounts for about 30 percent of total 17. (globe) fertilizer consumption. The Chinese Ministry of Agriculture finds that between 2005—when the government 18. (start) a soil—testing program 19. gives specific fertilizer recommendations to farmers-and 2011, fertilizer use dropped by 7.7 million tons. That prevented the emission(排放) of 51.8 million tons of carbon dioxide. China’s approach to protecting its environment while 20._____(feed) its citizens“ offers useful lessons for agriculture and food policymakers worldwide,” says the banks Juergen Voegele.
【山东省烟台市第一中学2019届高三上第一次质检】On a cold evening with snow floating in the air, I got 21._____(stick) on the road because of a flat tire(轮胎). I attempted 22._____(seek) help from the passing cars, but no one stopped. As I was about to give up hope, a man 23.______（drive）an old dirty car came to my aid. To be honest, I was scared when he first approached me. Eyeing him up and down, I thought to myself, “There is a very good chance 24.______ he may rob me,” He seemed to have sensed my discomfort so he tried to ease my 25.______（anxious）by introducing himself. His act of kindness made me feel ashamed to have questioned his intentions.26._______ was really considerate of him to stop to help a perfect stranger like me, especially in such terrible weather. Thus, after the spare tire was fitted, I asked 27.______ much I owed him. I wanted to pay him back. 28._____(surprising), he did not take my offer but rather told me to pass the act of kindness forward and help more people 29._______need. As he said those words, I noticed him wearing a smile of contentment. Helping others seemed a very 30._______（nature）thing to him. I witnessed the true beauty of human nature in him.
Rain is of greatly importance to us. Without rain, our water supply would cut off and we would die, such would plants and animals. Therefore, too much rain does a lot of harms to us. It floods fields, towns and cities, cause great losses for us. So far, man’s control over rain had never stopped. If we can gain more effective control over rain, we will enjoy more freedom from the nature. Luckily, we humans have taken steps, such as planting more trees or using weather forecasts, to help avoiding flood damage and protect our water supply.
【解析】考查非谓语动词。句意：我本来不想吃任何东西，但是冰淇淋看起来太好吃了以至于我忍不住尝了一下。mean to do sth.表示有意做某事，can’t help doing sth.表示忍不住做某事，故选D。
【解析】考查非谓语动词。句意:在野外迷路了一个星期，尤其是对一个十几岁的孩子来说，这是一次不愉快的经历。分析句子可知，本句中缺少主语。be lost in 为固定搭配，“在……迷路，迷失在….”。只有名词/代词/动名词/动词不定式/或名词从句作主语。因此B不能作主语，lost是过去分词，losing不符合固定搭配，如选D，应当是having been lost in，因此只有A是正确的。故选A。
【解析】考查非谓语动词。答句中省略了has made him in such high spirits recently。因为答语缺少主语，应该用动名词或动名词短语。he与praise是动宾关系，用被动。句意：——什么使他最近这么情绪高涨？——因成功通过考试而被老师表扬。故选A。
11.has grown 12.the 13.actually 14.to improve 15.than
16.pollution 17.global 18.started 19.that/which 20.feeding
12.考查定冠词。over the past 25 years表示在过去的25年里。
21. stuck 22. to seek 23. driving 24. that 25. anxiety
26. It 27. how 28. Surprisingly 29. in 30. natural
21.考查固定短语。句意：在一个空中雪花飘飞的寒冷的晚上，因为轮胎没有气了，我被困在了路上。“get+过去分词”构成固定短语get stuck被卡住，被困在…；类似的结构还有get paid获得报酬等。所以要填stuck。
22.考查不定式用法。句意：我尝试着从路过的车辆获得帮助，但是没有人停车。动词短语attempt to do sth尝试做某事；其中不定式to do sth做动词attempt的宾语。所以要填to seek。
23.考查分词做定语。句意：正当我要放弃希望的时候，开着一辆很旧很脏汽车的男人来帮助我了。动词短语drive an old dirty car与a man构成主动关系，用现在分词短语driving an old dirty car做定语修饰a man。所以要填driving。
24.考查同位语从句。句意：有一个他抢劫我的好机会。本句中that引导同位语从句that he may rob me解释名词chance的内容，that在句中不充当任何成分，只起引导作用。所以要填that。
26.考查形式主语。句中it是形式主语，真正的主语是不定式短语to stop to help a perfect stranger like me, especially in such terrible weather.在英语里只有it可以充当形式主语或形式宾语，所以要填It。
29.考查介词短语。句意：令人惊讶地是，他没有收我的钱，而是告诉我要把善意的行为传递下去帮助更多的需要帮助的人。介词短语in need需要帮助的，在句中做定语修饰more people。所以要填in。
Rain is of greatly importance to us. Without rain, our water supply would ∧cut off and we would die, such would
great be so
plants and animals. Therefore, too much rain does a lot of harms to us. It floods fields, towns and cities, cause great
However harm causing
losses for us. So far, man’s control over rain had never stopped. If we can gain more effective control over rain, we will
enjoy more freedom from the nature. Luckily, we humans have taken steps, such as planting more trees or using weather
forecasts, to help avoiding flood damage and protect our water supply.
35.考查固定搭配。do harm to sb.对某人造成伤害，故把harms改成harm。