湖南衡阳八中2019届高三英语上学期第二次月考试题(带答案)

时间:2018-10-11 作者:佚名 试题来源:网络

湖南衡阳八中2019届高三英语上学期第二次月考试题(带答案)

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衡阳市八中2019届高三第二次考试
英语
               命题人:李春华       审题人:尹洁鸿
请注意: 时量: 120 分钟       满分: 150 分
第一部分  听力技能(共两节,满分30分)
第一节(共5小题,每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试题卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话读两遍。
例: How much is the shirt?
A. 19.15      B. 9.18      C. 9.15
1. Where does the man want to go?
A. To a railway station   B. To a Post Office   C. To the seaside
2. What happened to the woman?
A. She woke up late   B. She got to work late  C. She stayed up late
3. What is the woman doing now?
A. Baking cookies    B. Making a list   C. Shopping for groceries
4. How does the woman feel about the zoo?
A. Sad      B. Impressed    C. Disappointed
5. What are the speakers mainly talking about?
A. Young people lose their jobs easily.
B. Young people are too quick in making decisions.
C. Young people seldom stay long in the same job.
第二节(共15小题,每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)
听下面一段对话,回答第6和第7两个小题。
6. When will the man start his new job?
A. Tomorrow     B. Next week    C. Next month
7. Why is the man paying for the woman’s lunch?
A. She helped him a lot   B. It is his turn to pay  C. He wants to congratulate her
听下面一段对话,回答第8至第10三个小题。
8. What is Anna’s chemistry grade now?
A. B      B. B+     C. D
9. When does Anna’s study group meet?
A. After school    B. On the weekends  C. During lunch hour
10. Who is Anna speaking to?
A. A studying group member  B. Her teacher    C. Her father

听下面一段对话,回答第11至第13三个小题。
11. How old was Jonathan’s mother when she started doing laundry?
A. 8 years old     B. 10 years old   C. 16 years old
12. Which temperature will Jonathan use for now?
A. Hot      B. Cold     C. Warm
13. What is the “light ” spin cycle used for?
A. Jeans and towels   B. Most of Jonathan’s clothes C. Sheets and pillow cases
听下面一段对话,回答第14至第16三个小题。
14. Which decorations are on the sofa?
A. The Christmas ones   B. The Halloween ones  C. The Thanksgiving ones
15. What did the man use to get the box out?
A. A pole     B. A chair    C. A ladder
16. Where might the conservation take place?
A. In the basement    B. In the bedroom   C. In the living room
听下面一段独白,回答第17至第20四个小题。
17. What does the Golden Rule ask people to do?
A. Develop personal rules  
B. Respect their families and ancestors 
C. Treat others as they wish to be treated
18. Which is Confucius’ teaching?
A. Governments should be moral B. Husbands should respect wives 
C. People should memorize rules of behavior.
19. How did Confucius teach lessons?
A. Through arguments.   B. Through reasoning  C. Through personal examples
20. What does the speaker say about Confucius?
A. He used to be even more important.
B. He has influenced many cultures.
C. He has little effect on people today.

第二部分 阅读技能(共两节,满分40分)
第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A
Soon enough, we will lose some of the most amazing sites on Earth!
The Great Barrier Reef
Rising air temperatures will cause sea temperatures to rise as well.All life supported by the oceans will be affected with this shock to their ecosystem.Coral are some of the most vulnerable marine animals and we are already watching whole reefs disappear.The Great Barrier Reef in Australia is no exception and will continue to shrink as the temperatures rise!These reefs are some of the best in the world for diving, but they will soon disappear!
Venice
Sprawling across(横跨)hundreds of small islands in Northeast Italy,Venice is at extreme risk of sinking into the Adriatic Sea.Rising sea levels are in fact a serious threat to many coastal cities located at sea level.Lucky for us,however,Venice is developing a series of sea walls to protect the city in times of high tide.
Glacier(冰川)National Park
Glacier National Park was once covered by over 150 glaciers, but by 2005 it only had about 27!Located in Montana, Canada, this park is over a million acres and has a huge plant and wildlife population.As temperatures rise, the glaciers and ice melt, which will upset the ecosystems sustaining over a thousand plant species and hundreds of animals.
The Amazon
The cause behind the disappearance of these fantastic places ultimately comes down to humans.Our expansion usually requires cutting down forests for land, fuel and materials,but rarely considers the consequences.These forests are sources of food and medicine for just about everyone on the planet!
What will happen if we lose these valuable places and beautiful destinations?!
21.According to the text,what is causing coral's death?
A.Rising sea levels.     B.Rising sea temperatures. 
C. Humans' diving activities.   D.The shrinkage(缩小)of their habitats.
22.What can we infer from the part of “Venice”?
A.Many places are in the risk of sinking below the sea level.
B.Venice is the only coastal city of Italy.
C.Venice will never sink because of the protection of sea walls.
D.Italy consists of hundreds of small islands in the Adriatic Sea.
23.What can we learn about Glacier National Park from the text?
A.It doesn't support any living thing for its cold. B. It is covered by over 150 glaciers.
C.Plant species and animals in it have died out.  D. It covers a large area in Montana.
24.Which site's shrinking reason differs from the other sites?
A.The Great Barrier Reef.    B.Venice.
C.The Amazon.      D.Glacier National Park.

B
Mark felt that it was time for him to take part in his community, so he went to the neighborhood meeting after work.The area city council(委员会)woman was leading a discussion about how the quality of life was on the decline.The neighborhood faced many problems.Mark looked at the charts taped to the walls.There were charts for parking problems, crime, and for problems in vacant buildings.Mark read from the charts, “Police patrols(巡逻)cut back, illegal parking up 20%.”People were supposed to suggest solutions to the council woman.It was too much for Mark.“The problems are too big,”he thought.He turned to the man next to him and said,“I think this is a waste of my time.Nothing I can do would make a difference here.”
As he neared the bus stop on his way home, Mark saw a woman carrying a grocery bag, and a baby.As Mark got closer, her other child, a little boy, suddenly dashed into the street.The woman tried to reach for him, but as she moved, her bag shifted(滑落), and groceries started to fall out.Mark ran to take the boy's arm and led him back to his mother.“You gotta stay with Mom,”he said.Then he picked up the fallen groceries while the woman smiled in relief.“Thanks,”she said.“You've got great timing.”“Just being neighborly,”Mark said.As he rode home, he glanced at the poster near his seat in the bus.Small acts of kindness add up.Mark smiled and thought,“Maybe that's a good place to start.”
25.Why did Mark go to the neighborhood meeting?
A.To join in the neighborhood patrols. 
B.To collect suggestions for the community problems.
C.To voice his complaints to the city council. D.To do something for his community.
26.What was being discussed when Mark arrived at the neighborhood meeting?
A.The increase of police patrols at night.  B.The worsening in the quality of life.
C.The rebuilding of vacant buildings.  
D.The violation(违反)of community regulations.
27.What did Mark think of the community's problems?
A.They have to be dealt with one by one.
B.They need to be solved with the assistance from the city.
C.They may take a long time to be solved.  D.They are too big for single efforts.
28.Why did Mark smile on his ride home?
A.He had done a small deed of kindness.  B.He had read a funny poster near his seat.
C.He had got some groceries at a big discount. D.He had caught the bus just in time.

C
Sometimes people call each other“scared­cat”. But have you ever thought about this expression? When a cat is frightened, its heart starts beating faster,its muscles get tense and there are changes in the chemicals in its bloodstream.Although the cat doesn't realize this, its body is getting ready for action.If the danger continues, the animal will do one of two things.It will protect itself, or it will run away as fast as it can.
Something like this also happens to people.When we are excited, angry or scared by other feelings,our bodies go through many physical changes.Our hearts beat faster,and our muscles get tense.All of these changes make us more alert and ready to react.We, too, get ready to defend ourselves or run.
Human beings, however, have a problem that animals never face.If we give way to our feelings and let them take over, we can get into trouble.Have you ever said something in anger or hit somebody and regretted it later? Have you ever shouted at a teacher, told somebody you were lonely, or said you were in love, and then wished later you had kept your mouth shut?It isn't always clever to express your feelings freely.
Does this mean that it's smarter to always hide our feelings?No!If you keep feelings of anger, sadness hidden away or bottled up inside, your body stays tense.Physical illness can develop, and you can feel disturbed badly inside.It can actually be bad for your health.It isn't good to keep pleasant feelings inside either; all feelings need to be expressed.
Feelings that you keep all bottled up inside don't just go away.It's as if you bought some bananas and put them in a cupboard.You might not be able to see them, but before long you'd smell them.And if you opened the cupboard, chances are that you'd see little fruit flies flying all over them.They are bad.
You can try to treat feelings as if they were bananas in the cupboard.You can hide them and you can pretend they don't exist, but they 'll still be around.And at last you'll have to deal with them, just like those bananas.
29.When people and animals are aroused by fear,________.
A.they may get ready to attack or run away 
B.their muscles get neither tense nor relaxed
C.their hearts beat either faster or slower
D.they feel very regretful immediately
30.Why do human beings get into trouble according to the passage?
A.They are usually not as alert as animals.
B.They always do something wrong to other people.
C.They sometimes can't control their feelings.
D.They don't pay attention to their physical changes.
31.What can we infer from the passage?
A.Feelings will gradually disappear when you hold them in.源:学。科。网Z。X。X。K] B.Bananas stay fresh longer when they are in a cupboard.
C.Holding in your feelings may lead to unpleasant results.
D.It's good for your health to keep pleasant feelings inside.
32.What is the purpose of this passage?
A.To tell us that people's feelings are like bananas in a cupboard.
B.To give us some advice on how to express our feelings.
C.To prove that it isn't always wise to express our feelings freely.
D.To help us deal with feelings in a wise and proper way.

D
When Columbus‘sailed the ocean blue in 1492’ he wasn't looking for America, he was searching for a route from Spain to China; America just got in the way.
The Spanish were after the riches of Asia: silk, dates,spices.Until later adventurers discovered how to sail to the Far East, trade with China depended on the Silk Road.The trade between China and Europe brought huge wealth, so the Spanish had a strong desire to find a new way to the East.Eventually a way appeared; as sea traffic developed from the 17th century onwards, the overland route diminished.
Now China is seeking to revive(复兴)the Silk Road and is preparing to invest 4 trillion pounds in new roads, rail links, oil pipelines and other basic facilities.It is hoped that goods can be shipped westwards by land far more quickly and economically than by sea.
But the plan is also to attract more tourists.Actually, China does pretty well for tourists already; it's the world's fourth most visited country.Two cities—Beijing and Shanghai—possess the tourism business, with significant interest in destinations such as Xi'an and Chengdu.While Beijing is modern,cities such as Lanzhou and Dunhuang have one foot planted firmly in old China.
Other places featured include Xi'an,the former capital of China,where you can come face to face with the Terracotta Army built to protect China's first emperor in the afterlife.From Lanzhou tour members take the train to Jiayuguan, China's western gateway and a key location on the Silk Road.
There is also a four­day coach journey along the original Silk Route through the Xinjiang region to Kashgar.Along the way, at Kurla, you can visit the ruins of the Iron Fortress.
33.What does the underlined word“diminished” in Paragraph 2 mean?
A.Discovered.        B.Disturbed.
C.Disappeared.       D.Displayed.
34.What is the purpose of reviving the Silk Road?
A.To make transportation westwards faster and cheaper.
B.To construct new roads and other basic structures.
C.To rebuild the ruins of the Iron Fortress.
D.To draw more inland tourists' attention to the western gateway.
35.What is the best title for the text?
A.The function of the Silk Road.   B.The charming of the Silk Road.
C.The origin of the Silk Road.   D.The future of the Silk Road.

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分, 满分10分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
   Protecting your eyesight is one of the most important things you can do to help maintain your quality of life.   36   Consider these simple guidelines:
   Protect your eyes from harmful UV(紫外线的) light. When you stay outdoors during daytime, always wear sunglasses that protect your eyes from 100 percent of the sun’s harmful UV rays. 37
   Look for warning signs of changes in your vision.  38  Some trouble signs to look for are double vision, hazy (模糊的) vision and having difficulty seeing in low light conditions. Other signs and symptoms of potentially serious eye problems that require immediate attention include red eyes, frequent flashes of light, eye pain and swelling.
 39  A comprehensive eye exam, including enlarging your pupils (瞳孔), can determine your risk for major eye diseases that have no early warning signs or symptoms. An eye exam also can make sure that your prescription for eyeglasses or contact lenses (隐形眼镜) is up to date.
 40  But keeping a healthy lifestyle and having regular eye exams will certainly decrease your risk of developing a sight-stealing eye problem that otherwise might have prevented.
A. This may help reduce your risk of cataracts(白内障) and other problems.
B. Test your eyesight for free in an online eye exam.
C. In a word, eye care is very important, no matter how old a person is.
D. With a little careful and loving care, you can keep your eyes healthy as you age.
E. Get your eyes checked at least every two years.
F. It’s true that following these steps is no guarantee of perfect vision through your lifetime.
G. If you start noticing changes in your vision, see your eye doctor immediately.

第三部分 语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
(原创)第一节(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
When my wife, Jane, and I were 16, we were in the same class. About a week before Thanksgiving Day, we found out our teacher Edward was having some   41   challenges. We wanted to do something to help, so as a class we  42  to gather food, clothing and gifts to   43   his family had a good Thanksgiving Day.
When Jame told her family about our plan, her mother was  44  . Together they searched their house for things they could  45  . Her mother went to the kitchen,  46  a big turkey and saying, “Thanksgiving Day won’t be  47  without a turkey dinner.” To this day, Jane remembers how moved she was by her mother’s  48  .
Before making our  49  , we said a prayer of appreciation for the wonderful  50  to help others. I will never forget the surprised  51  of our teacher and his wife when they
  52  the door; their four children gathered around them as we handed out the gifts. It was a cold night; we all felt warm inside  53  .
Last month while I was in a meeting, my secretary informed me, “Your high school teacher Mr. Edward is wondering if you could  54  him a few minutes. He’s sitting in your office right now!”
I left my meeting and went to my office  55  . My teacher and I hugged and began to
   56   the last 42 years. He told me he  57  remembered that cold winter night when we brought the 58 of Thanksgiving Day to his family. The food and gifts were certainly             59  , but what warmed his heart that night was to see a group of teenagers who understood the  60  of Thanksgiving Day.
41.A. personal B. financial C. academic D. typical
42.A. determined B. applied C. attempted D. preferred
43.A. figure out B. make sure C. make sense D. point out
44.A. satisfied B. puzzled C. touched D. amazed
45.A. separate B. collected C. distribute D. donate
46.A. pulling out B. breaking down C. breaking up D. pulling down
47.A. traditional B. complete C. usual D. basic
48.A. honesty B. pity C. generosity D. curiosity
49.A. delivery B. contact C. decision D. contribution
50.A. memory B. gift C. deal D. opportunity
51.A. sorrow B. expression C. impression D. laugh
52.A. pushed B. reached C. answered D. dragged
53.A. again B. anyhow C. enough D. though
54.A. spare B. wait C. spend D. save
55.A. nervously B. hurriedly C. proudly D. worriedly
56.A. catch up on B. come up with C. keep up with D. get hold of
57.A. just B. already C. even D. still
58.A. warmth B. excitement C. pleasure D. experience
59.A. accepted B. offered C. appreciated D. consumed
60.A. symbol B. spirit C. history D. intention

(原创)第二节  语法填空题(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。
  The history of Chinese poetry dates back almost 2,700 years to the Spring and Autumn period(770-476BC). Records are rare  61  that time because Qin Shi Huang destroyed all the books  62  could be found. The styles, rules, and regulations for Chinese poetry gradually 63  (change) over the centuries  64  the time of the Tang Dynasty (618-907AD). This became the golden age for Chinese poetry. During that time a number of  65  (product) poets turned out as many as 50,000 classical poems. All aspects of Chinese society  66  (high) regarded these poets. Seven-character lines became very popular.
  Poetry, paintings, and calligraphy(书法)are three of these art forms that go particularly well together. Many poets were also excellent  67  (paint) and calligraphers. A poem would be written for  68  purpose of matching a painting with traditional Chinese calligraphy. This gives the paintings deeper  69  (mean) and more elegance. It is common  70  (find) this type of poetry, calligraphy art hanging in people’s homes.

第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线()划掉。
修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
Dear Chris,
  I’m writing to apply to be a web editor, which is advertising on our school website. I’d like work for you because I care a lot about presently affairs. I have fallen in a love with journalism when I was a child. I think I can do the jobs well due to my outstanding language skills. I also do well at speaking English. Once I get first prize in the English Writing Competition in your school. In addition, I worked as a reporter for our school newspaper last year, which I think will certain help me do the job better.
  Looking forward to hearing from you.
      Yours,
 Li Hua

(原创)第二节书面表达(满分25分)

高三年级是高中生活的最后一年,在这一年中,学生们面临着沉重的升学压力。因此,很多学生下课后也坐在教室里用功,但学习效率和成绩并不理想。由此你想告诉他们:适当的休息很有必要。现在就请你以“A Ten-minute Break”为主题,按下列要点写一篇短文,让这些同学从中有所启发。短文的要点如下:
1. 十分钟的课间休息很有必要;
2. 要注意休息方式;
3. 你是怎样利用这十分钟的。
注意:1. 开头已经给出,不计入总词数;2. 词数:120 左右。
                          A Ten-minute Break
  As a Senior Three student, time seems much limited.________________________________

参考答案
Listening 1-20 CABBC BABAC ABCCA ACACB
Reading 21-35 BADC DBCA ACCD CAB 
Gap filling 36-40 DAGEF
Cloze test 41-60 BABCD ABCAD BCDAB ADACB
Blank filling 61. before  62. that  63. changed 64. until/till 65. productive
66. highly 67. painters 68. the   69. meaning 70. to find 
Proof-reading
71. advertising-advertised      
72. I’d like to work for
73. presently-present
74. in a love-in love
75. When-Since
76. jobs-job
77. at-in
78. get-got
79. your-our
80. certain-certainly
Writing
One possible version
               A Ten-minute Break
As a Senior Three student, time seems much limited. As a result, more and more students try to study from early morning till late afternoon, even during the ten-minute break.
In my opinion, to take a ten-minute break between classes is definitely necessary. Otherwise we will feel tired both physically and mentally. During the ten-minute break, we do something to get rid of tiredness. What we need is to have a real rest, instead of getting more tired. So doing nothing tiring in that period is really good for us.
My ten-minute break is always pleasing. Sometimes I do some simple exercises. Sometimes I have a free chat with my classmates or just take a walk outside. When the next class begins, I feel fresh again.
Experience tells me that making progress needs a thorough and persevering process, but we all know people who can’t find time for recreation are obliged sooner or later to fail.

Listening materials:
1. M: Does this bus go to the beach?
  W: No. You’re going the wrong way. You want the No. 11 bus. It stops in front of the post office.
2. M: You look sleepy this morning, Beverly. Did you go to bed late last night?
   W: No, I slept through my alarm this morning, so I didn’t get a chance to shower.
3. W: Bread, milk, eggs. I think that’s all we need. So, do you want to go with me?
  M: Sure. I’ll drive. Don’t forget to write down sugar and chocolate, though. They are the most important materials.
4. W: It’s so nice to see the animals in large open spaces, closer to their natural environment. I wasn’t expecting this.
  M: I know. Some zoos can be disappointing. At least these animals seem happy.
5. M: It was the third time that Roger had phoned me to say he had a new job. It was so surprising.
  W: It’s difficult to keep a young man in one job for life nowadays. Well, times are changing.
6. W: Congratulations on your new job. I know you worked hard for it. Cheers!
  M: Cheers! It has been a pleasure working with you all these years. I’ll make sure to come back and visit next month.
 W: You’d better. Work won’t be the same without you. So, when do you start?
 M: I went in today to fill out some paperwork, but I won’t start until the following Monday.
 W: That’s great. Let me pay for your lunch. It’s my turn, anyway.
 M: No, it’s all right. I owe you for everything you have done for me.
 W: Thanks. So, I’ll see you tomorrow, then?
 M: Of course. Bye.
7. M: Great job on your chemistry test, Anna! This is your second “B” in a row!
  W: “B-plus” actually. So there is small improvement, Dad.
  M: So what have you been doing? You used to be a “D” student before.
  W: I’ve joined a study group. Our members discuss all the difficult stuff, and we test each other all the time.
  M: Great idea. Maybe you will have more time on the weekends to go out with your friends. How did you find the study group?
  W: I saw a notice on the message board at lunch one day. I decided to check it out, and now we meet once a week after our last class of the day.
  M: So that’s why you’ve been coming home late. Good for you. So, you’re not nervous about your chemistry tests anymore?
  W: Not at all. I am more prepared than ever.
8. W: Jonathan!Look at all these dirty clothes! Grab your laundry basket. It’s time to teach you how to use the washing machine.
  M: Oh, Mom! Do I have to?
  W: Yes. You’re 16 now. I was doing laundry when I was half your age. Your sister has been doing it since she was 10. So, it’s your turn to learn.
  M: Fine. It’s just that there are so many buttons and settings..
  W: It’s easy once you know how to do it. This is the “load” setting. Choose small, medium, or large based on how many clothes you’re washing. I’m sure you can figure that out for yourself.
  M: I can do that.
  W: Good. Next, you choose the temperature. Cold, warm, or hot. Just use cold for now, and I’ll deal with anything that needs to be washed in warmer temperatures.
  M: And the spin cycle?
  W: That is for how fast the machine turns. “Normal” is what you will be using for most of your clothes. Heavy“ is for your jeans and towels. “Light” is for your sheets and pillow cases, but I’ll do those for you.
  M: You know what, Mom? Washing clothes is actually pretty easy.
  W: Everything is, once you know how to do it.

9. W: Why are down here again?
  M: We are looking for a box marked “Christmas decorations”. What’s the matter?
  W: I don’t like cold, dark places. I feel like I’m in a scary movie. Also, I hate rats.
  M: What’s wrong with rats?
  W: They are dirty creatures that spread disease.
  M: I don’t see them that way. They’re like us, I think. They are very social, and they get sad when they are alone.
  W: You’re strange. Hey, is that the box on the shelf?
  M: No, those are the Halloween decorations.
  W: Ah! I just walked right into a spider web!
  M: Did you know that even though almost all spiders have poison, less than one percent are harmful to humans?
  W: Whatever! There are the Thanksgiving decorations, on that sofa.
  M: There it is, under that bench. Can you hand me that pole by the ladder? I can use it to drag the box out.
  W: Here you are. I’m going to stand on this chair until you’re ready to go back up to the living room.
  M: Stop worrying. There are hardly any spiders down here. Trust me!
10. Have you heard of the Golden Rule? The great Chinese philosopher Confucius taught this principle. It is a very important and well-known idea. The rule says not to do anything to other people that you would not want them to do to you. It is a very simple yet deep truth. Confucius possessed a lot of important wisdom like this. He encouraged many values like children respecting elders, people respecting their ancestors, and wives respecting husbands. He desired for these moral principles in people’s lives and in the government of the country. He believed that people should develop their own personal rules instead of simply memorizing rules of behavior to follow. He also had a thoughtful way of teaching. Instead of presenting his ideas through arguments and reasoning, he taught his rules through personal examples. He himself studied hard and sought truth, dreams and a perfect personality. In short, Confucius aimed to establish a world of harmony. For over two thousand years, his teachings and beliefs still have a great effect on Chinese culture. Many other cultures around the world have also been influenced to this day by these important moral teachings.

 


 

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