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07英语高考常见动词短语积累归纳总结

ID:12362

时间:2020-11-09

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♣ look 的常用短语:
look up … in查找
look sb. up and down 上下打量
look back to/ upon回顾
look upon…as把… 看作
look forward to期待
look through浏览; 看穿
take a new look呈现新面貌

♣ fear的常用短语:
in fear害怕地
(be) in fear of 害怕
for fear of/ that担心;生怕

♣ concentrate 的常用短语:
concentrate on 专心…
concentrate one’s mind on 专心于…
类似的短语:
fix one’s mind upon
focus on
put one’s heart into
focus one’s mind on
♣surprise常用短语:
in surprise惊讶地
to one’s surprise 使某人惊讶的是
be surprise at/to do/that
对某事感到惊讶

♣表示“穿衣”的动作或状态的词和短语
1.表示动作的有:
pull on
put on
dress
dress sb
2. 表示状态的有:
wear
be in
be dressed in
have … on

♣常见表“喜欢”的短语和单词
like
care for
be keen on
be fond of
take delight in…

♣ trouble的常用短语:
have much trouble / no trouble (in) doing 在…有/没有困难
take great trouble to do
不辞辛劳做某事
put sb to the trouble of doing …
为难某人做某事
make trouble捣乱
be in (great) trouble
惹麻烦;处在困境中
help sb. out of trouble
帮某人摆脱困境

♣ end的常用短语:
come to an end……结束
put an end to 结束……
on end竖起, 连续
in the end终于; 最后
end up (by) doing…以……结束
make both ends meet收支相抵

♣ 表示“导致”、“由…引起”的短语:
1. 导致
cause sth. (to do)
result in
lead to
2. 由……引起
be caused by
result from
grow out of
lie in

♣表“全力以赴”的短语:
do / try one’s best
spare no efforts to do
take great pains to do
go all out to do
do what somebody can (do) to do
do all somebody can (do) to do

♣ direction常用短语:
in (the ) direction of….朝……方向
under the direction of ...在……的指导下
follow the directions照说明去做

♣ far常用短语:
far from (being)离……要求相差很远
far from +(a place)距离某地很远
far away遥远
so far 到目前为止; 那么远
as far as sb. knows/sees据某人所知
by far
(最高级前,比较级后)起强调作用

♣ distance常用短语:
in the distance在远处
from/ at a distance从远处
keep sb. at a distance
于某人保持一定距离
It is no distance at all.不远
♣ use常用短语:
used to do过去曾经、常做
be used to doing …习惯于……
be used to do被用来做……
make good/ full use of充分利用……
come into use开始使用……
it is no use doing …干……没有用

♣“出了什么事”的几种不同表达
What’s wrong with….?
What’s the matter with…?
What’s the trouble with…?
What happened (to sb.) ?

♣“众所周知”常用表达法:
It is known to all that…主语从句,that不能省
As is known to all,定语从句,置于句首
We all know (that)后接宾语从句
Everyone knows (that)后接宾语从句
, which is known to all.非限定从句,置于句末

♣表“同意某人意见”的常用短语:
agree with sb. /what sb. said
agree to sth.
approve (of) sth.
in favour of sth.
be agreeable to sth.
be for sth.
“不同意”
disagree with sb./ what sb. said
object to sth.
disapprove (of) sth.
be against sth.

♣ sign的常用短语:
sign one’s name签名
sign to sb (not) to do sth.
示意某人(不)做某事
signs of …
……的迹象

♣would rather 与 prefer 的区别
1.宁愿做……而不做……
would rather do A than do B
prefer A to B
prefer to do A rather than do B
2. would rather 主语 + 过去式,表示“宁愿”
eg. I would rather you came tomorrow than today.
should prefer sb. to do sth./ should prefer 主语 + 过去式,表示“比较喜欢……”
eg. I should prefer you not to go there alone.
OR: I should prefer that you did not go there alone.

♣trap常用短语
be caught in a trap落入圈套
be led into a trap中圈套
set a trap to do sth.设圈套……
be trapped in sth.被…..所围困

♣ grow常用短语
in the grow of在….成长中
grow up长大; 成长
grow rich on靠….. 变富
grow into长成……
grow out of由…..引起/滋生出

♣ make常用短语
be made up of =consist of 由……组成
make up for弥补
be made from/ of由……造成
make up编造;组成;化妆
be made into制成……
make fun of取笑; 嘲弄
make a living 谋生

supply, provide, offer 的区别:
1.表示“向某人提供某物”
supply / provide sb. with sth.
supply / provide sth. for sb.
supply sth. to sb.
offer sb. sth.
2. 表示“主动提出做某事”
offer to do sth.
3. 表示“倘使”、“假如”
provided / providing that
= on condition that
=only if
4. 表示“满足需要”supply / meet a need.

♣ supply的常用短语
in short supply 缺乏,不足
medical/military supply医疗/军用品
supplies of…许多

♣ lack的常用短语
be lacking in sth. 在……不足
make up for the lack of
弥补……的不足
for/by/from/through lack of…
由于…不足,缺乏
have no lack of不缺

♣damage的常用短语
do damage/harm to 对……有害
cause damage to 对……造成损害
ask for damage要求赔偿

die of 与die from 的区别
die of 表示“死于……病”或冻死、气死,或死于过度悲伤。
die of cancer/grief/hunger/anger/cold
die from表示死于外伤、事故、劳累过度。如:
die from polluted air/overwork/sword thrust
♣die常用短语
die for one’s country为国捐躯
die down熄灭、平息
die off绝种、枯死
die away消逝、静下来
die a heroic death英勇牺牲
♣threaten常用短语
threaten sb. with sth.用……威胁某人
threaten to do…威胁做……
under the threat of…在……的威胁下
♣speed常用短语
speed up加速
at the speed of…以…..的速度
with great speed迅速
♣aim常用短语
take aim at瞄准
reach an aim达到目的
aim at瞄准、针对

permit与allow 的区别
表“允许做某事”或“允许某人做某事”用法基本相同。
permit/allow doing sth.
permit/allow sb. to do sth.
permit /allow of sth
一般在独立主格结构中表示“时间、条件等许可”,多用permit
Time/Weather permitting, I’ll drop in on her.
allow 还可以表示“承认”、“考虑到”。例如:
1. We allow him to be wronged.
2. will take an hour to go there, allowing for traffic delays.

♣means常用短语
by means of通过….., 靠……
by this means/ in this way用这种方法
by no means/in no case决不
by all means用一切办法

♣keep常用短语
keep up with紧跟…..
keep sb. doing sth.让某人一直做
keep sb. from doing sth.阻止…..做……
keep off the grass勿踏草地
keep to the point紧扣主题
keep in touch with与……保持联系

♣mark常用短语
make one’s mark成功、出名
be marked with标明
gain/get full marks for ……得满分

♣seat常用短语
take one’s seat坐下
have a seat请坐
see/find sb. seated看见/发现某人坐在….
be seated就座, 坐着
seat oneself in/at/on使自己坐在……

部分 动词+ to + doing 的用法
look forward to
get down to
object to
devote… to…
pay attention to
prefer…to…

♣give常用短语
give up放弃
give in让步屈服
give off 散发出
give away赠送、泄漏
give rise to 引起……
give out 疲劳、用完、散发出

♣fit常用短语
be fit for适合
keep fit/keep healthy保持健康
be fit to do 适合于…..
fit in with适应……
a nice fit合身的衣服
…fit sb.某人穿….. 合身

♣reach 常用短语
reach an agreement达成协议
reach for…伸手去拿/够……
within / out of reach够得到/够不着
reach sb’s understanding 使某人明白
♣feed常用短语
feed sth. to sb/feed sb. on sth. 用……喂养……
be fed up of…/ be tired of…/ be bored with…
对……感到厌倦
feed on以……为食

♣mercy常用短语
without mercy残忍地
have mercy on /upon 对……表示怜悯
at the mercy of任凭摆布
beg for mercy 乞求饶恕

♣ exist常用短语
exist in/lie in/consist in存在于……
in existence 现存的
come into existence/ come into being 形成

♣ opinion常用短语
in one’s opinion =in the opinion of sb.在某人看来
have a high/ low opinion of
对……评价高/低
give one’s opinion on
对……谈自己的看法

♣ persuade常用短语
persuade sb. to do =
persuade sb. into doing
说服某人做某事
try to persuade sb. to do
试图说服某人做某事
persuade sb. to sth.
说服某人同意某事

♣ engage 常用短语
be engaged to sb.
与某人订婚
be engaged in sth. =
be engaged doing sth.
忙于……, 从事某事

wide 与broad 的区别
它们均可以表“宽”和“广阔的”
a river 50 feet wide/ broad
指身体部位“宽肩、宽背”一般用broad, 表示
“睁大眼睛、张大嘴巴”一般用wide。
broad shoulders/ back
with wide eyes
open one’s mouth wide
wide 还可以作副词,表示“完全、大大地”
be wide awake
be wide open
♣ sure常用短语
be sure of/about
对……由把握
be sure to do sth.
肯定会……
make sure + that-clause
务必……,一定要……
make sure of…
弄清楚……

♣ experience 常用短语
have experience in…
在……有经验
be experienced in…
在……有经验
♣ pain 常用短语
take great pains to do
努力做某事
spare no pains to do
全力以赴做某事

♣ stick 常用短语
stick to sth.
坚持……
stick …on…
粘贴……
be stuck in …
陷进……
stick no bills
请勿张贴

♣ spare 常用短语
spare money/time for
省出钱…,腾出时间
in one’s spare time
在某人业余时间
spare no efforts to do
不遗余力去做
don’t spare the opinions
不要保留意见
♣ put down的不同含义
put down (one’s knife and fork) 放下……
pit down the rebellion
镇压
put down what sb. says
记下,写下

♣take up 的不同含义
take up a hobby
培养……
take up football
开始……
take up the work
继续……
take up…time/space
消耗,占据……
take up a post
就职
take up a song/ cry
跟着一起……

♣ habit 常用短语
form/get the habit of
养成……习惯
be in/have the habit of
有…….习惯
get into the habit of
沾染了……恶习
get rid of the habit=
grow out of the habit=
break away from the habit
改掉了……习惯


 

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