Years ago, when I started looking for my first job, wise advisers urged, “Barbara, be enthusiastic! Enthusiasm will take you further than any amount of experience. ”
How __1__ they were！Enthusiastic people can turn a boring drive into an adventure, extra work into __2__ and strangers into friends.
“Nothing great was ever achieved without enthusiasm,” wrote Ralph Waldo Emerson. It is the paste that helps you __3__ there when the situation gets tough. It is the inner voice that __4__ “I can do it” when others shout, “No, you can’t do it.”
It took years and years for the early work of Barbara McClintock, a geneticist who won the 1983 Nobel Prize in medicine, to be __5__ accepted. Yet she didn’t stop doing her experiments. Work was such a deep __6__ for her that she never thought of stopping.
We are all born with wide-eyed, enthusiastic __7__ -- as anyone knows who has ever seen an infant’s delight at the jingle of keys or the hurrying of a beetle.
It is this __8__ wonder that gives enthusiastic people such a youthful air, whatever their age. At 90, cellist(大提琴演奏家) Pablo Casals would start his day by __9__ Bach. As the music flowed through his fingers, his bent shoulder would straighten and joy would __10__ in his eyes. Music, for Casals, was what made life a never __11__ adventure. As author and poet Samuel Ullman once wrote, “Years wrinkle the skin, but to give up enthusiasm wrinkles the __12__.”
We cannot afford to waste __13__ on “might-have-beens”. Just as the saying goes, it’s no use crying over spilt milk. We need to live each moment __14__, with all our senses -- finding pleasure in the fragrance of a backyard garden, the crayoned picture by a six-year-old, or the charming beauty of a rainbow. It is such enthusiastic love of life that puts a sparkle in our eyes and __15__ the wrinkles from our souls.
1. A. elegant B. responsible C. right D. successful
2. A. opportunity B. wealth C. success D. attempt
3. A. dress up B. hang in C. set off D. hold up
4. A. cries B. tells C. warns D. whispers
5. A. specially B. accidentally C. generally D. naturally
6. A. pressure B. fun C. source D. pleasure
7. A. wonder B. talent C. ability D. nature
8. A. romantic B. surprising C. childlike D. vivid
9. A. listening to B. approaching C. appreciating D. playing
10. A. recover B. reappear C. refresh D. resemble
11. A. ending B. appearing C. coming D. amusing
12. A. body B. soul C. life D. blood
13. A. tears B. sweat C. money D. efforts
14. A. successfully B. dramatically C. personally D. wholeheartedly
15. A. separates B. smoothes C. softens D. spreads
二. 阅读理解 （共25小题; 每小题2分，满分50分）:
There is an English saying that goes, "he who laughs last, laughs the hardest." High School Musical star and teen heartthrob (让人心动的男人)Zac Efron is laughing a lot these days.
As a young boy, Efron was picked on in school because he was always the smallest in his class and teased because he had a big space between his teeth. In sixth grade, Efrons basketball team made it to the league championships. In double overtime (两个加时赛), with three seconds left,he rebounded the ball and passed it to the wrong team! They scored and his team lost the game.
But history, as they say, is a thing of the past. Now at 21, Efron is one of People magazines 100 Most Beautiful People, graces the cover of Entertainment Weekly, Hollywoods most influential magazine, and is traveling the world promoting the third High School Musical film. Director Adam Shankman described Efron as "arguably the biggest teen star in America right now." Simply google "Zac Efron" and you get more than 14 million responses. Yes, it seems Efron has a lot to smile about these days.
Efron was born and raised in California. He took school seriously. According to Efron, "he would flip out if he got a B and not an A in school, and that he was a class clown." It was his father who encouraged him to act. He took part in school performances and with a local theater group. He also took singing lessons. He graduated from high school in 2006 and was accepted at the University of Southern California to study film. But he deferred--why study movies when you can star in them.
Now he has signed on to star in the romantic comedy Seventeen Again and to play in the remake of the hugely popular movie, Footloose. Efron is also earning more than $3 million for his role in High School Musical 3. Not bad for a 21-year-old. But Efron still remembers those bullies.
"You always have to remember that bullies want to bring you down because you have something that they admire," Efron said. "Also, when you get made fun of, when people point out your weaknesses, its an opportunity for you to rise above."
Efron has risen all the way to the top of the movie business. And he can now laugh all the way to the bank.
16. Which of the following might be the best title to the passage
A. Dont give up B. He who laughs last laughs the hardest
C. Zac Efrons life story D. Zac Efforts success in musical film
17. How do you understand the sentence "But history, as they say, is a thing of the past." in paragraph 3?
A. History is a collection of the past.
B. Zac Efrons history is wonderful.
C. Different from history, Effort is quite popular now.
D. History plays an important role in Zac Efrons life.
18. What did Zac Efron do when he was laughed at?
A. He couldnt accept the fact in the beginning, so he escaped.
B. He was so angry that he shouted at the person who teased him.
C. He cried and told the whole matter to his father to get comfort.
D. He cheered himself up and used it as motivation to move on.
19. Whats the main idea of Paragraph 3?
A. It mainly talks about Zac Efrons history.
B. It mainly focuses on how Zac Efron grew up.
C. It talks about how Zac Efron dealt with his business.
D. It talks about Zac Efrons successes in career.
20. Which of the following is True according to the passage?
A. Zac Efron was laughed at because he was the most foolish guy in the class.
B. Zac Efron is promoting his fourth High School Musical film in the world.
C. He once helped the other team win a match when he was playing basketball.
D. In his growing process to be a famous actor, his mother played a key part.
When Matthew Jones decided to donate a kidney (肾) to a stranger, the Michigan father of five had no idea hed be starting a life-saving, "pay-it-forward" chain.
His kidney donation to a Phoenix woman in 2007 set off a long-running organ donation that resulted in 10 sick people getting new kidneys over a year. It hasnt ended yet.
Jones, who lives in Petoskey, Michigan, heard a news report about a man giving a kidney to a stranger and thought hed like to do that, too. He worked with a transplant center in Buffalo, NY, but no match worked out.
He ultimately(最后) was referred to Dr Michael Rees, a transplant surgeon at University of Toledo Nedical Center, who was trying to design an advanced living-donor pairing system.
It paired the 30-year-old Jones with Barb Bunnell, a 53-year-old Arizona woman whose husband wanted to donate a kidney to her but was incompatible.
Just after the July 18, 2007 surgery, Jones recalls feeling "like a truck had run over me". But he was well enough to go to a Diamondbacks baseball game five days later.
Bunnells grateful husband, Ron, then became what Rees believes is the worlds first "bridge" donor, meaning he donated his kidney later.
Ron Bunnell was on a plane a week later to give his kidney to a 32-year-old Toledo woman, Angie Heckman. Shes a waitress at a bar owned by her mother, Laurie Sarvo. Sarvo then gave a kidney to a woman in Columbus, Ohio, whose daughter then became the fourth donor in the chain.
On it ran through patient-donor pairs including two more married couples, a daughter and father, and two friends. The last operation was done last March, with a 60-year-old woman in Toledo getting a kidney from a Baltimore donor. That recipients daughter wants to donate a kidney, but a match hasnt worked out yet.
"Theres a very good possibility that when Im dead and gone, this chain will still be going on," Jone said.
21.What made Jones decide to donate his kidney?
A. His plan to start a life-saving kidney donation chain.
B. His plan to start a living-donor pairing system.
C. The example of a man who had donated a kidney.
D. The example of a man who had taken part in a donating chain.
22.The underlined word "incompatible" in Para.5 probably means "___".
A. of different types B. with health problems
C. for a better use D. in a good condition
23. According to the text, " bridge donor" refers to ___.
A. a person who introduces a kidney donor to a patient in need
B. a person who donates a kidney after his family member receives one
C. a person who does the operation of moving a kidney
D. a person who is responsible for matching different types of kidneys.
24. Which of the following shows the RIGHT donor-patient relationship?
A. Matthew Jones---Michael Rees; Barb Bunnell---Ron Bunnell.
B. Matthew Jones---Michael Rees; Angie Heckman---a woman in Toledo.
C. Matthew Jones---Barb Bunnell; Ron Bunnell---Laurie Sarvo.
D. Matthew Jones---Barb Bunnell; Laurie Sarvo---a woman in Columbus.
25.What can be inferred about the kidney donation chain?
A. It was started in 2007, and ended in 2008.
B. It has included three couples up to now.
C. It encourages family members to help each other.
D. It has caused great debate among doctors.
Judging from recent surveys, most experts in sleep behavior agree that there is virtually an epidemic （流行病） of sleepiness in the nation．“I can’t think of a single study that hasn’t found Americans getting less sleep than they ought to,” says Dr．David．Even people who think they are sleeping enough would probably be better off with more rest．
The beginning of our sleep-deficit （lack） crises can be traced back to the invention of the light bulb a century ago．From diary entries and our personal accounts from the 18th and 19th centuries, sleep scientists have reached the conclusion that the average person used to sleep about 9．5 hours a night．“The best sleep habits once were forced on us, when we had nothing to do in the evening down on the farm, and it was dark．” By the 1950s and 1960s, the sleep schedule had been reduced dramatically, to between 7．5 and 8 hours, and most people had to wake to an alarm clock．“People cheat in their sleep, and they don’t even realize they’re doing it,” says Dr．David．“They think they’re okay because they can get by on 6．5 hours, when they really need 7．5, 8 or even more to feel ideally energetic．”
Perhaps the most merciless robber of sleep, researches say, is the complexity of the day．Whenever pressures from work, family, friends and community increase, many people consider sleep the least expensive item on their program．“In our society, you’re considered dynamic if you say you need only 5．5 hours’ sleep．If you’ve got to get 8．5 hours, people think you lack drive and ambition．”
To determine the consequences of sleep-deficit, researchers have put subjects through a set of psychological and performance tests requiring them, for instance, to add columns of numbers or recall a passage read to them only minutes earlier．“We’ve found that if you’re in sleep deficit, performance suffers,” says Dr．David．“Short-term memory is weakened, as are abilities to make decisions and to concentrate．”
26．What is the main topic of the passage?
A．Research on the causes and consequences of sleep-deficit．
B．The epidemic of sleepiness in the modern times．
C．The history of people’s sleeping patterns．
D．The minimum of our sleeping hours．
27．Which of the following is Dr．David’s opinion?
A．People who think they are sleeping enough are better off than those who dont．
B．Some people can remain energetic with only 6．5 hours’ sleep a night．
C．If they get 8．5 hours’ sleep, people will be full of drive and ambition．
D．People’s metal power suffers if they are lacking in sleep．
28．People in the 18th and 19th centuries slept about 9．5 hours a night because ___．
A．they were forced by their parents to do so
B．they knew what was best for their health
C．they had no electricity
D．they were not so dynamic and ambitious as modern people are
29．The major cause of sleep-deficit of modern people is ___．
A．the endless TV programmes in the evenings and the internet
B．the heavy work load of the day
C．the sufficient energy modern people usually have
D．loud noises in the modern cities
30．What does the word “subjects” in paragraph 4 mean?
A．Person or thing that is being discussed or described．
B．Branch of knowledge studied in a school．
C．Person or thing being treated in a certain way or being experimented on．
D．Any member of a State apart from the supreme ruler．
When it comes to using technology to foster education, the prevailing wisdom has been that more is better. Over the past decade, universities around the globe have invested heavily in the wired classroom, adding everything from external laptop connections to Blu-ray DVD players. But there is little evidence that these devices enhance learning – and, critics believe, they might actually hinder it, making both students and teachers passive. What if classrooms were restored to the pre-Internet days of wooden tables and chalk?
Take technology out of the classroom. Jose Nowen, dean of the Meadows School of the Arts at Southern Methodist University in Texas, has done just that. He wants his faculty to “teach naked”, meaning without the aid of any machines. “Just because you have a PowerPoint presentation doesn’t mean you have a good lecture,” he argues. Classroom time should be reserved for discussions with the prefessor, aimed at teaching students to think critically, argue, and raise new questions. Due to the grim economic climate at most universities, he says, avoiding new technology is also a sound way to save money.
Bowen, who teaches music, delivers content via podcasts (播客)， which students must listen to on their own time. He then quizzes them on the material before every class to make sure they’ve done the work, and uses class time for discussions and research according to the recorded lessons. He’s been teaching the same material for 25 years, but since he implemented the new way, he says, his students have been more engaged and scored better on exams. College students asked by researchers to list what motivates them have consistently emphasized teacher enthusiasm, organization, and raport (融洽的关系), while naming lack of active participation as a major disincentive (遏制因素). Last spring the British Educational Research Journal published a survey that found that 59 percent of students called at least half their lectures boring – particularly those involving PowerPoint.
Technology has a place in education, but it should be used independently by students outside the classroom. That gives them more time to absorb lectures via podcast or video, and frees teachers to spend class time coaching students in how to apply the material rather than simply absorb it.
31. What’s the opinion of critics about the technology used in the classrooms?
A. It helps enhance teaching and learning.
B. It puts extra financial burden on schools.
C. It may serve as an obstacle to learning.
D. It has injected great vitality into the class.
32. What does Jose Bowen expect his teachers to do?
A. To teach the students how to use technology after class.
B. To explain the materials clearly in their unique ways.
C. To give PowerPoint presentation when teaching.
D. To teach the students without the aid of technology.
33. According to the passage, class time should be used to _____ .
A. discuss how to treat techonlogy B. learn the materials by heart
C. promote students’ critical thinking D. update students on new information
34. What do we learn from the third paragraph?
A. Active participation in class stimulates students to leran.
B. Students need tests to check what they have learned.
C. Most students regard lectures with PowerPoint as less boring.
D. Teachers’ influence is the most important factor in teaching.
35. What is the author’s attitude towards using technology in the classroom?
A. Concerned. B. Indifferent. C. Optimistic. D. Disapproving.
As high school students flock to social networking sites, campus police are scanning their Facebook and mySpace pages for tips to help break up fights, monitor gangs and prevent crime.
Some students object to police looking over their shoulders. But officers responsible for school safety say routine checks of the online forums often add to the knowledge they obtain from hallways or schoolyards.
In recent years, school administrators have blamed some campus fights on Internet conflicts and urged parents to keep watch on their children’s computer activity. But students who use the Web to let their 500 closest friends know what they are doing at all times are sometimes surprised that police are watching, too.
Police don’t have special privileges on Facebook or MySpace. Students who want to go unobserved can change privacy settings so that their profiles are displayed only to a list of approved people. But the default（默认）settings leave those profiles open to many Internet users ( in the case of Facebook ) or all of them ( in the case of MySpace).
Employers and college admission counselors have examined online profiles of student applicants for some time. Police across the country have been doing the same for the past two or three years, said kevin Quinn, a spokesman for the Minnestota-based National Association of School Resource Officers.
“If you are already familiar with the technology, it doesn’t take you but a couple of minutes to hook into the student population and keep an eye on things,” Quinn said.
An expedition into a thicket（丛林）of MySpace profiles found high school students discussing drugs, sex and fights. It was all publicly available ( although in language that caused a reporter to blush).
Late last month, Fairfax County police announced the arrests of seven Chantilly area teenagers for trying to recruit Franklin Middle School students to a gang. That investigation was aided when a student showed the school resource officer gang symbols littering one of the suspect’s MySpace profiles.
Fairfax police say they pride themselves on addressing issues in schools before they develop into major problems. Keeping an eye on Facebook and MySpace has become an extra tool in that effort, they said.
36. Police officers scan social networking sites like Facebook or MySpace because ___ .
A. they have some special privileges to do so
B. they may detect gang-fighting through the Net
C. it is easier to solve students’ conflicts online
D. it is their duty to protect student’s privacy
37. What does “look over their shoulders” mean in paragraph 2?
A. Limit their time spending online. B. blame them for the conflicts.
C. Monitor what they said online. D. Make schoolyard checking a routine.
38. Police can have access to many students’ online profiles due to _____ .
A. students’ casual attitude to private information
B. the technical support offered by the websites
C. the approval given by the students themselves
D. the special right granted by the government
39. How did Fairfax County police identify the teenagers as gang members?
A. By investigating the students recruited.
B. By sending a policeman to spy on the gang.
C. By watching the spot they meet regularly.
D. By checking their self-descriptions online.
40. what does the author mainly discuss in the passage?
A. Students’ neglect of protecting their privacy online.
B. Internet helping police maintain school and public order.
C. Social networking sites having bad influence on teenagers.
D. Police’s unwelcome interference in students’ online activities.
三. 信息匹配 （共5小题; 每小题2分，满分10分）：
41. You should watch where your weight accumulates. You can use the waist to hip ratio to find if there is too much fat around the middle. Belly fat is especially dangerous because it release free fatty acids directly to the liver, virtually flooding it with fat.
42. If a particular food is important to you, eat it, but work it off. You should try to learn the art of compromise.
43. At the same time. the three-for-one is relatively simple to use. Fat grams and calories are listed on almost all boxed, canned or packaged foods-you have only to read the label and follow the rule. A five-year-old patient of mine can do this.
44. Drinking water is basic, and drinking enough of it is necessary. Patients are sometimes surprised that basic things work when they do them consistently.
45. Consume antioxidant foods. They protect the cholesterol(胆固醇) from oxidative damage,which helps prevent damage to blood vessel walls.
A. More than nine years ago I was 70 pounds overweight and wore a very big dress. I had tried different diets and lost weight only to gain it back. Finally a simple "three-for-one" fat rule worked for me: consuming no more than three grams of fat for every 100 calories per serving. Following the rule and eating only foods that contain less than 30 percent fat, I spent eight months getting down to a size seven, and Ive kept the weight off for nine years.
B. And for foods that arent packaged, you rely on what we already know about them. Red meat,as well as dishes made or served with butter, gravy, cream sauce or cheese, are almost never less than 30 percent fat--so you just dont eat them. On the other hand, some non-packed foods -- all fruits and vegetables except avocadoes and olives -- always pass the test. So do most fish, but not when fried.
C. I like vegetables, which are rich in vitamins. Most foods containing vitamins C and E(such as sweet potatoes, tomatoes, spinach and broccoli) are low in calories and are known as antioxidants（抗氧化物质).They can help reduce the possibility to develop hardening the arteries (动脉)
D. I gain weight around the belly--what we call abdominal obesity, the worst kind. The tendency seems to be hereditary (遗传的) , and its common among men. This problem increases the risk of a stroke or heart attack. A guide I use in estimating belly fat is the waist-to-hip ratio or WHR. To find yours, divide the circumference (周围) of your waist by the circumference of you hips. Women with ratios above 0.8 and men with ratios above 1.0 are at increased health risk.
E. My ways of keeping healthy are very simple, and they are among our everyday activities: eating healthy food and doing exercise. In addition, I manage to do those basic things, such as drinking water, sleeping well and eating less fat. Sometimes I do some of the other things I used to do in my life like walking for half an hour a day.
F. Although Ive put on ten pounds. Im healthy and in good shape. I eat food thats good for me...but I work off Susans homemade brownies (巧克力蛋糕), for example, To offset these
extra calories, I walk for an hour or more, three times a week...often with Susan. Were both busy and this is one way we have some quiet time together. Equally important, it permits me to practice dietings fine art of compromise.
四. 语法填空 （共10小题；每小题1.5分，满分15分）：
Many years ago, when I was fresh out of school and working in Denver, I was driving to my parents’ home in Missouri __46__ Christmas. I stopped at a gas station about 50 miles from Oklahoma City, __47__ I was planning to stop and visit a friend. While I was standing in line at the cash register, I said hello to an older couple who were also paying for gas. Then I took off, but had gone only a few miles __48__ black smoke poured from the back of my car. I stopped and was wondering __49__ to do when a car pulled up behind me. It was the couple I __50__ (speak) to at the gas station. They said they would take me to my __51__ (friend). We chatted on the way into the city and when I got out of the car, the husband gave me his business card. I wrote him and his wife __52__ thank-you note for helping me. Soon afterwards, I received a Christmas present from them, __53__ (come)with it was their note that said helping me had made their holidays meaningful. Whenever I was helped, I never failed to say “Thank you” -- two simple __54__ powerful words. __55__ are easy to say and mean so much.
五. 单词拼写 （共20小题；每小题1分，满分20分）：
56. While in New York, I preferred to use the subway, namely the u__________（地铁） in London.
57. The c_________ （结合）of a good working environment and a high income makes him decide to stay in the U.S.
58. Generally speaking, a good teacher has a p______ （深远的）influence on a child’s future.
59. Apart from academic performance, we should also care much about the development of a student’s p______.（个性）
60. Graduating from a medical school doesn’t mean that you are a q______（合格）doctor. You need practice as well.
61. If you want to know more about our society, please keep in c________（联系）with us anytime you like.
62. He has made a good r________ （名声）for himself as a lawyer, as everyone in the neighborhood respects him.
63. Every year the Dragon Boat Festival is observed in different places of China in m _______（纪念）of Qu Yuan, a great poet in ancient times.
64. With the National Day coming, all kinds of c________ （庆祝）are being held all over the country.
65. If the environment continues to get worse with nothing done, sooner or later it will lead to the e______（灭绝）of some animals.
66. Australia is the only country which covers a c________(洲) , where we can see varieties of rare animals.
67. The s_________(满意的) look on his face showed that he had found a new job.
68. While e____________(遭遇) difficulties, we should keep calm and face them bravely.
69. O_____(显而易见), traffic jams have become the biggest problem facing different governments.
70. At present, more and more species are in danger. How to save the e_______ (濒临灭绝的) animals is what we should do now.
71. In Japan, more and more r______ (退休)old people choose to live in the country instead of cities.
72. All the products sold in our store are usually g________ (担保) for one year.
73. On Christmas, the beautiful green trees d________ (装饰)with lights and colored glass balls give people hope that spring will come again.
74. Li Ning, the prince of gymnasts, has won 106 gold medals in various major c______ (比赛) across the world in his career life.
75. The tallest buildings in London are small in c_________(比较) with those in New York.
76. Nowadays, the government can take immediate action ____ ____ ____(应对) emergencies.
77. Most children _____ it _____ _____(认为…理所当然) that their parents should provide for them whatever they need.
78. As is known to all, many stories in some newspapers are _____ _____(捏造) to attract the public attention and increase the sales.
79. The U.K. is short for the United kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, _____ _____ (由…组成) four different countries.
80. Students as we are, we can also _____ _____ _____(有影响) in the society through our own efforts.
七. 基础写作 （共1题；满分15分）：
主讲：Peter Smith教授(英国) 主讲：Patrick Lin先生（美国）
1-5 CABDC 6-10 DACDB 11-15 ABADB
16-20 BCDDC 21-25 CABDB 26-30 ADCBC
31-35 CDCAD 36-40 BCADB
46. for 47. where 48. before 49. what 50. had spoken 51. friend’s 52. a 53. coming 54. two 55. They
56. embarrassed 57. appreciate 58. incorrectly 59. disappointment 60. patience
61. fluent 62. enthusiastic 63. intelligence 64. formal 65. behavior(s)
66. technology 67. describe 68. encouragement 69. assistant 70. strictly
71. system 72. previous 73. diploma 74. methods 75. disappeared
76. 77. 78. 79. 80.
七. 基础写作 （共1题；满分15分）：
Copyright© 2006-2020 主站 www.5ykj.com , All Rights Reserved 闽ICP备12022453号-30