Thomas Edison was one of ten said to be the greatest genius of his age. There are only a few men in all of the history, who have changed the lives of other men as much as the inventor of the first useful electric light. But Edison could never be happy only because someone said he was a genius. “There is no such thing as genius,” Edison said. He said that what people called genius was mostly hard work.
But Edison was a dreamer as well as a worker. From his earliest days as a child he wondered about the secrets of nature. Nature, he often said, is full of secrets. He tried to understand them; then, he tried to learn what could usefully be done with them.
Edison enjoyed thinking. He knew that most people will do almost anything instead of the difficult work of thinking, especially if they do not think very often. But he knew, too, that thinking can give men enjoyment and pleasure.
Edison could not understand how anyone could be uninterested in life. As he loved to think, he also loved to work. On the day he became 75 years old, someone asked him what ideas he had about life. “Work,” he answered. “Discovering the secrets of nature and using them to make men happier.” He said he had enough inventions in his mind to give him another 100 years of work.
56. Edison thought____________.
A. he could be happy if he was a genius B. genius plays the most important part in one’s success
C. hard work could do better than genius D. genius could do better than hard work
57. Edison was _____________.
A. very much interested in nature B. interested in discovering the secrets of nature
C. interested in changing people’s ideas
D. uninterested in making people happier by discovering the secrets of nature
58. In Edison’s opinion,______________.
A. thinking can supply people with enjoyment and pleasure as well as help
B. people’s success lies mostly in genius
C. hard work is the second important thing in making people successful
D. there are few secrets for him to discover later
59. The last sentence in the passage most probably implies __________ .
A. life is too short for Edison to invent more for human beings
B. Edison made 100 inventions in his life
C. Edison was able to live and work for 100 years
D. People of his time were ready to give Edison another 100 years’ work
Last year, I took a sightseeing trip to Washington D. C. I saw many of our unfortunate and homeless fellow citizens on the street.
Standing outside the Ronald Reagan Center, I heard a voice say, “Can you help me?” When I turned around, I saw an elderly blind woman with her hand extended. Immediately, I pulled out all of my loose change and placed it on her hand without even looking at her. I was annoyed at being bothered by a beggar.
But the blind woman smiled and said, “I don’t want your money. I just need help finding the post office.”
In a moment, I realized what I had done. I acted with prejudice（偏见）— I judged another person simply for what I thought she had to be.
I hated what I saw in myself. This incident re-awakened my belief in humility（谦卑）I’d lost for a moment.
The thing I had forgotten about myself is that I am an immigrant. I left Honduras and arrived in US at 15. I started my new life with two suitcases, my brother and sister, and a strong, no-nonsense mother. Through the years, I have been a doorkeeper, roofer, cashier, mechanic（技工）and pizza delivery driver among many other humble（卑微的）jobs, and eventually I became a network engineer.
In my own life, I have experienced many open acts of prejudice. I remember a time, at age 17 — I was a busboy, and I heard a father tell his little boy that if he did not do well in school, he would end up like me. So I know what it’s like, and I should have known better.
But now, living in my American middle-class lifestyle, it is too easy to forget my past, to forget who I am, where I have been, and to lose sight of where I want to be going. That blind woman on the streets cured me of my self-induced（自我引发的）blindness. She reminded me of my belief in humility and to always keep my eyes and heart open.
60. How did the writer give the blind woman money?
A. In a modest way. B. In a polite way. C. In an impatient way. D. In a painful way.
61. According to the passage, the writer ________.
A. still lives a poor life. B. might be born in Honduras.
C. was busy with his work D. was a native of Washington D. C.
62. At the end of the story, the writer might ________.
A. help the lady to the post office B. say sorry to the woman and gave her more money
C. ignore the woman D. send the woman home
There is an English saying, "Laughter is the best medicine." Until recently, few people took the saying very seriously. Now, however, doctors have begun to study laughter and the effects it has on the human body. They have found facts that laughter really can improve peoples health.
Tests were carried out to study the effects of laughter on the body. People watched funny films while doctors checked their heart rate, blood pressure, breathing and muscles. It was found that laughter has similar effects to physical exercise. It increases blood pressure, the heart rate and the rate of breathing, it also works several groups of muscles in the face, the stomach, and even the feet. If laughter exercises the body, it must be beneficial.
Other tests have shown that laughter appears to be able to reduce the effect of pain on the body. In one experiment doctors produce pain in groups of students who listened to different radio programs. The group which put up with the pain for the longest time was the group which listened to a funny program. The reason why laughter can reduce pain seems to be that it helps to produce endorphins in the brain. These are natural chemicals which diminish both stress and pain.
There are also some facts to suggest that laughter helps the bodys immune（免疫的）system, that is, the system which fights infection. In all experiments, one group of students watched a funny video while another group of students served as the control group —namely, a group with which to compare the first group. Doctors checked the blood of the students in both groups and found that the people in the group that watched the video had an increase in the activity of their white blood cells, that is, the cells which fight infection.
As a result of these discoveries, some doctors and psychiatrists（精神病学家）in the United States now hold laughter clinics, in which they try to improve their patients condition by encouraging them to laugh.
They have found that even if their patients do not really feel like laughing, making them smile is enough to produce beneficial effects similar to those caused by laughter.
63. It can be learnt from the passage that laughter can ________.
A. make people feel younger B. change peoples habits
C. improve peoples health D. make people love their lives
64. The underlined word "diminish" in Paragraph 3 probably means ________.
A. test B. reduce C. increase D. find
65. The main idea of this passage is that ________.
A. the doctors should learn how to make people laugh
B. there are several ways of studying the benefits of laughter
C. tests show that laughter can produce beneficial effects on human body
D. laughter and physical exercise have the same effects on human body
How could we possibly think that keeping animals in cages in unnatural environments—mostly for entertainment purposes—is fair and respectful?
Zoo officials say they are concerned about animals. However, most zoos remain “collections” of interesting “things” rather than protective habitats（栖息地）. Zoos teach people that it is acceptable to keep animals bored, lonely, and far from their natural homes.
Zoos claim（声称）to educate people and save endangered species（物种）, but visitors leave zoos without having learned anything meaningful about the animals’ natural behavior, intelligence, or beauty. Zoos keep animals in small spaces or cages, and most signs only mention the species’ name, diet, and natural range（分布区）. The animals’ normal behavior is seldom noticed because zoos don’t usually take care of the animals’ natural needs.
The animals are kept together in small spaces, with no privacy and little opportunity for mental and physical exercise. This results in unusual and self-destructive behavior called zoochosis. A world-wide study of zoos found that zoochosis is common among animals kept in small spaces or cages. Another study showed that elephants spend 22 percent of their time making repeated head movements or biting cage bars, and bears spend 30 percent of their time walking back and forth, a sign of unhappiness and pain.
Furthermore, most animals in zoos are mot endangered. Captive breeding（圈养繁殖）of endangered big cats, Asian elephants, and other species has not resulted in their being sent back to the wild. Zoos talk a lot their captive breeding programs because they do not want people to worry about a species dying out. In fact, baby animals also attract a lot of paying customers. Haven’t we seen enough competitions to name baby animals?
Actually, we will save endangered species only if we save their habitats and put an end to the reasons people kill them. Instead of supporting zoos, we should support groups that work to protect animals’ natural habitats.
66. How would the author describe the animals’ life in zoos?
A. Dangerous. B. Unhappy. C. Natural. D. Easy.
67. In the state of zoochosis, animals_________.
A. remain in cages B. behave strangely C. attack other animals D. enjoy moving around
68. What does the author try to argue in the passage?
A. Zoos are not worth the public support. B. Zoos fail in their attempt to save animals.
C. Zoos should treat animals as human beings. D. Zoos use animals as a means of entertainment.
69. The author tries to persuade readers to accept his argument mainly by ________.
pointing out the faults in what zoos do B. using evidence he has collected at zoos
C. questioning the way animals are protected D. discussing the advantages of natural habitats
70. Although he argues against zoos, the author would still agree that_________.
A. zoos have to keep animals in small cages B. most animals in zoos are endangered species
C. some endangered animals are reproduced in zoos
D. it’s acceptable to keep animals away from their habitats
When I was six, Dad brought home a dog one day, who was called “Brownie”. My brothers and I loved Brownie and did different things with her. One of us would walk her, another would feed her, and then there were baths, playing catch and many other games, Brownie, in return, loved both of us. One thing that most touched my heart was that she would go to whoever was sick and just be with them. We always felt better when she was around.
One day, as I was getting her food, she chewed up(咬破)one of Dad’s shoes, which had to be thrown away in the end. I knew Dad would be mad and I had to let her know what she did was wrong. When I looked at her and said,’’ Bad girl,” she looked down at the ground and then went and hid. I saw a tear in her eyes.
Brownie turned out to be more than just our family pet, she went everywhere with us .People would stop and ask if they could pet her. Of course she’d let anyone pet her. She was just the most lovable dog. There were many times when we’d be out walking and a small child would come over and pull pm her hair. she never barked(吠) or tried to get away. Funny thing is that she would smile. This frightened people because they thought she was showing her teeth. She loved everyone.
Now many years have passed since Brownie died of old age. I still miss days when she was with us.
41. What would Brownie do when someone was ill in the family?
A. Look at them sadly. B. Be with them. C. Play games with them. D. Touch them gently.
42. We can infer from Paragraph 2 that Brownie__________.
A. world eat anything when hungry B. felt sorry for her mistake
C. loved playing hide-and-seek D. disliked the author’s dad
43. Brownie was died of _____.
A. illness B. hunger C. accident D. old age
In the world, soccer of football is the most popular sport. This is because many countries have wonderful teams for the World Cup. The World Cup is held every four years.
To remember 2002 FIFA World Cup ,children from different countries and more than 60 children from Japanese schools came together and spent three weekends drawing a big picture called “Dream(梦幻) World Cups ”in Japan .The children drew animals, flowers and people playing soccer under a blue bright sky. They wished each football team good luck by drawing the flags(旗帜)of all the countries that will take part in the World Cup in Japan and South Korea. The picture was put up in a park near a playground in Yokohama .Some football teams will have games there.
Are you a football fan(迷)？The World Cup made more and more people interested in football Teenagers(青少年)like playing and watching football .Many of them love some football stars so much that they get the pictures of their favourite players on the walls of their rooms. That is the way to show their love for the World Cup as children in Japan.
44.If a country wants to take part in the World Cup ,she must have______.
A. Many football fans B. a very good team C. many football players D. a big playground
45.According to the text, the next World Cup will be held in_______.
A. 2006 B. 2007 C. 2005 D. 2004
46.From the passage, in the picture children drew many things except_____.
A. people playing football B. pictures of some football stars C. a sunny sky D. flowers
47.In “Dream World Cup”, the children drew the flags of some countries__.
A. to show their love for their owe country B. to tell the people their stories
C. to show their good wishes for the football teams D. to show their new ideas about football
48. Many teenagers own the pictures of some football stars because______.
A. they are interested in football B. they are football fans
C. they think their favourite players are great D. all of A,B and C
答案：44-48 BA BCD
An old man died and left his son a lot of money. But the son was a foolish young man, he quickly spent all the money, so he had nothing left soon. Of course ,when that happened, all his friends left him. When he was quite poor and alone, he went to see Nasreddin, who was a kind, clever old man and often helped people when they had troubles.
"My money has finished and my friends have gone, "said the young man. "What will happen to me now?"
"Dont worry, young man," answered Nasreddin. "Everything will soon be all right again. Wait, and you will soon feel much happier."
The young man was very glad. "Am I going to get rich again then? " he asked Nasreddin.
"No, I didnt mean that," said the old man. "I meant that you would soon get used to being poor and to having no friends."
49. When the son was________, he went to see Nasreddin.
A. short of mon ey B. quite poor and sick C. in trouble D. quite poor and alone
50. The young man was very glad because Nasreddin said that________.
A. he would become rich again B. he would soon feel much happier
C. he would become clever D. he would have more friends
51. What this story tells us is________.
A. that money is everything B. that money is not very important
C. to save each penny D. that misfortune tests the sincerity of friends
The year was 1932. Amelia Earhart was flying alone from North America to England in a small one-engine airplane. At midnight, she ran into bad weather. To make things worse, her altimeter failed. (The altimeter shows the height of the plane above the ground.) At night, and in a storm, a pilot is in great difficulty without an altimeter. At times, her plane nearly dived into the Atlantic Ocean.
Just before daylight, there was further trouble. Amelia noticed fire coming from the engine. Would she be able to reach land? There was nothing to do except to keep going and to hope.
Amelia Earhart did reach Ireland, and for the courage she had shown, she was warmly welcomed in England and Europe. When she returned to the United States, she was honoured by President Hoover at a special dinner in the White House. From that time on, Amelia Earhart was famous.
What was so important about her flight? Amelia Earhart was the first woman to fly the Atlantic Ocean alone, and she had set a record of fourteen hours and fifty-six minutes.
52. The passage shows that Amelia was very ____.
A. brave B. clever C. warm-hearted D. lonely
53. Her flight was important, because ____.
A. Amelia was a woman pilot B. nobody has broken her record
C. no woman flew the Atlantic alone before D. Amelia was able to overcome the difficulties during the flight
54. Amelia’s successful flight has proved that ____.
A. women can do everything B. women can do things, as men have done
C. men and women are equal (平等) now D. women pilots are more successful than men pilots
55. According to the passage, which one is right? ____.
A. Amelia Earhat was flying from South America to England in a small one-engine airplane.
B. The weather was very good that day.
C. The flight lasted nearly fifteen hours.
D. She was warmly welcomed in America because of her courage.
Rising above the names
I was shopping in the supermarket when I heard a young voice．
“Mom, come here! There’s this lady here my size!”
The mother rushed to her son; then she turned to me to apologize．
I smiled and told her, “It’s okay．” Then talked to the boy, “Hi, I’ m Darry Kramer．How are you?”
He studied me from head to toe, and asked, “Are you a little mommy?”
“Yes, I have a son,” I answered．
“Why are you so little?” he asked．
“It’s the way I was born,” I said．“Some people are little．Some are tall．I’m just not going to grow any bigger．” After I answered his other questions, I shook the boy’s hand and left．
My life as a little person is filled with stories like that．I enjoy talking to children and explaining why I look different from their parents．
It takes only one glance to see my uniqueness．I stand three feet nine inches tall．I was born an achondroplasia dwarf （侏儒）．Despite this, I did all the things other kids did when I was growing up．
I didn’t realize how short I was until I started school．Some kids picked on me, calling me names．Then I knew．I began to hate the first day of school each year．New students would always stare at me as I struggled to climb the school bus stairs．
But I learned to smile and accept the fact that I was going to be noticed my whole life．I decided to make my uniqueness an advantage rather than a disadvantage．What I lacked in height, I made up for in personality．
I’m 47 now, and the stares have not diminished as I’ve grown older．People are amazed when they see me driving．I try to keep a good attitude．When people are rude, I remind myself, “Look what else I have – a great family, nice friends．”
It’s the children’s questions that make my life special．I enjoy answering their questions．My hope is that I will encourage them to accept their peers （a person of the same age, class, position, etc．）, whatever size and shape they come in, and treat them with respect．
56．Why did the mother apologize to the author?
A．Because the boy ran into the author．
B．Because the boy laughed at the author．
C．Because they boy said the author was fatter than him．
D．Because the mother thought the boy’s words had hurt the author．
57．What does the underlined expressions “ calling me names” mean in the text?
A．use unpleasant words to describe me in order to upset me
B．to greet me by calling my full name
C．warn me against danger by calling my family name
D．use some nicknames to show the close relationship between us
58．Which of the following word can best replace the underlined word “diminished”?
A．dislike B．increased C．decreased D．appeared
59．How does the author feel about people’s stares?
A．Angry． B．Calm． C．Painful． D．Discouraged．
Stopping by Woods on A Snowy Evening
By Robert Frost
Whose woods these are I think I know.
His house is in the village though;
He will not see me stopping here
To watch his woods fill up with snow．
My little horse must think it queer(奇怪的)
To stop without a farmhouse near
Between the woods and frozen lake
The darkest evening of the year．
He gives his harness(马笼头)bells a shake
To ask if there is some mistake．
The only other sound’s the sweep
Of easy wind and downy flake(鹅毛般雪花)．
The woods are lovely，dark and deep．
But I have promises to keep,
And miles to go before I sleep,
And miles to go before I sleep．
Robert Frost(1874—1963)is one of the most popular of all American poets. Like Walt Whitman，another famous American poet, he wanted his poetry to be read and understood by the “common man”. Frost wrote about farm and country life in early America，and his poems celebrate both the powerful force of nature and the strength and importance of human actions and choices.
60.Why did the poet stop by woods in a snowy evening?
A. His horse wanted to feed on the grass． B. He was tired and wanted to have a rest．
C. He was attracted to the beautiful scenery of the woods.
D. He wanted to hunt as many animals as possible in the forest．
61.Why did the poet have to leave?
A. It got darker and darker． B. He had to keep his promises．
C. He was afraid of getting lost． D．It was noisy in the woods．
62 .What does Whitman have in common with Frost?
A. They are both American poets in early America.
B. The topics of their poems are about farm and country life.
C. They both wanted their poems understood by ordinary people.
D. Both of them are common poets among all the poets.
63.The poem celebrates ________________.
A. the force of nature and the strength of human choices B. the harmony between man and nature
C. the power of human and common man D. the beauty of nature and country life
11 Windrift Circle
978 – 555 – 4539
Seek special education, primary school, or middle school math teaching position．
Rivier College, Nashua, NH
Bachelor of Arts in Education – May, 2006
Major: Elementary Education
Have successfully completed PRAXIS I and PRAXIS II．Meet highly qualified testing requirements for Massachusetts and New Hampshire．
November, 2005 – January, 2006
Wilkins Elementary School, Amherst, NH
• Developed and completed student – centered lessons in all subject areas for various groups of fifth grade special and regular education students．
•Adapted lessons to meet student’s needs by reviewing their backgrounds and learning needs through IEPs．
•Communicated with parents on a regular basis via newsletters, daily or weekly progress repo rts, phone calls, and email, resulting in increased parental participation at home．
August, 2005 – November, 2005
Charlotte Avenue Elementary School, Nashua, NH
•Taught reading and writing through Language Experience Approach methods．
•Introduced a Writer’s Workshop appropriate for first grade students to help them to develop their writing skills．
•Developed learning stations in reading and science, enabling students to be more independent learners．
Wilkins Elementary School, Amherst, NH
Designed and taught a unit on Insects and Spiders, based on New Hampshire Standards to 23 self －contained, third and fourth grade students with disabilities．
Amherst Street Elementary School, Nashua, NH
Taught a class of 24 third grade students with a wide range of abilities．
•After-School Aid, Amherst School District, Amherst, NH （2004 – 2005）
•Summer Camp advisor, YMCA, Nashua, NH （Summers, 2002 and 2003）
•Big Brother / Big Sister Volunteer, Nashua, NH （2002 – 2005）
64．What kind of job does Linda want to get?
A．A Big Brother / Big Sister Volunteer． B．A middle school math teacher．
C．A special education advisor． D．A summer camp advisor．
65．Linda has worked for the following schools EXCEPT ．
A．Rivier College, Nashua, NH
B．Wilkins Elementary School, Amherst, NH
C．Charlotte Avenue Elementary School, Nashua, NH
D．Amherst Street Elementary School, Nashua, NH
66．What can we know about Linda according to the passage?
A．She was only interested in developing student’s math abilities．
B．She was not active in participating in after – school activities．
C．She is permitted to teach in any high school of New York．
D．She has plenty of experience in teaching．
67．Which of the following is NOT included in the ways Linda used to communicate
with the students’ parents?
A．Newsletters． B．Phone calls．
C．Face-to-face talks． D．Daily or weekly progress repor ts．
The conflict over what or how much homework should be comes partly from the fact that people can’t seem to agree on the purpose of homework.
What teachers think?
Some teachers think that homework is necessary to reinforce what is learned in school. And so they ask their students to memorize what was discussed in class through homework.
Some teachers think the point of homework is to cover material that the class didn’t have time to get to, so their homework is to let students learn additional things.
Other teachers like homework simply because they want students to form work habits and still others believe homework is necessary because it is the best way for parents to learn what their children do in school.
But many parents seem to have different ideas.
Elisa Cohen, who has twins at Lafayette Elementary School, doesn’t like the fact that third-grade students in DC elementary schools are asked to write about 25 book summaries a year. “They do the same thing over and over without really getting into alternate(交替的)ways of thinking about books and thinking about reading and writing. ”
Some education reformers(改革者), such as Howard Gardner, a Harvard University, professor well-known for his theory on multiple intelligence(智力), think that Cohen is on the right track. But it is often hard to persuade overworked teachers to give much thought to homework tasks.
68. How many opinions do the teachers have on “homework”?
A. 3 B. 4 C. 5 6.D
69. According to the experts’ opinions, ____.
A. teachers should give necessary work to the students
B. teachers should not work too hard or too long
C. teachers should let the students repeat what they didn’t have time to get in class
D. what Cohen’s thinking about is correct
70. What’s the problem with Elisa Cohen’s twins in writing about their book report?
A. They find homework really hard. B. They simply copy one repeatedly.
C. They aren’t given much thinking about what they read.
D. They get different ways of thinking about their work.
71. We should improve our school education by ________.
A. increasing homework B. changing schools C. changing teachers D. reducing homework
Perhaps the most famous theory, the study of body movement, was suggested by Professor Ray Birdwhistell. He believes that physical appearance is often culturally programmed. In other words, we learn our looks — we are not born with them.
A baby has generally informed face features. A baby, according to Birdwhistell, learns where to set the eyebrows by looking at those around — the family and friends. This helps explain why the people of some areas of the US look so much alike.
New Englanders or Southerners have certain common face features that cannot be explained by genetics (遗传学). The exact shape of the mouth is not set at birth. It is learned after. In fact, the final mouth shape is not formed until well after new teeth are set. For many people, this can be well into their childhood. A husband and wife who have lived together for a long time often come to look somewhat alike. We learn our looks from those around us.
This is perhaps why in a single country there are areas where people smile more than those in other areas. In the US, for example, the south is the part of the country where people smile most frequently. In New Zealand they smile less, and in the western part of New York people are considered unfriendly, partly because people in Madison Avenue smile less than people on Peachtree Street in Atlanta, Georgia. People in largely populated areas also smile and greet each other in public less than people in small towns do.
72. Ray Birdwhistell believes that physical appearance ________.
A. has little to do with the surroundings B. has much to do with culture
C. is changing all the time D. is almost the same in any part of a country
73. According to the passage, a person’s final mouth shape is formed ________.
A. as soon as his teeth are newly set B. before he is born
C. some time after new teeth are set D. when he is around 15 years old
74. Ray Birdwistell can tell what area of an American person is from by ________.
A. how much he smiles B. how he raises his eyebrows
C. what he likes D. the way he talks
75. According to the passage, more friendly people probably live in ________.
A. largely populated areas B. New York City C. the south D. the north
Su Hua is studying at Cambridge, UK. She has bought a bicycle and is worried about security (安全). Her friend, Kate, found this article and sent it to her.
A lot of crime is against bicycles. About 150,000 bicycles are stolen every year and most are never found. You can prevent this happening by following a few careful steps.
Do not leave your bicycle in out-of-the-way places. Always lock your bicycle when you leave. Secure it to lampposts or trees. Take off smaller parts and take them with you, for example lights and saddles (车座).
Get a good lock. There are many different types in the shops. Buy one that has been tested against attack. Ask for a recommendation from a bike shop.
Security marking your bike can act a deterrent to a thief. It can also help the police find your bicycle. It should be clearly written and include your postcode and your house or flat number. This will provide a simple way to identify your bicycle.
There are a number of companies who will security mark your bicycle for you. They will then put your registration number and personal details on their computer database. Then if your bicycle is found it will be easy to contact you.
Keep a record of the bicycle yourself: its make, model and registration number. You can even take a photograph of it. This will prove the bicycle belongs to you.
56. Which part of the text gives you information on how to lock up your bicycle when you leave it?
A. Locks. B. Marking. C. Registration. D. Basic Security.
57. The underlined phrase “act as a deterrent to a thief” means ______.
A. help you recognize your bike B. help the police find your bicycle
C. stop someone stealing your bicycle D. stop you worrying about your bike
58. The article advises you to keep a record of your bicycle _______.
A. in the bike shop and your computer B. in the police station and a security company
C. in a security company and your university D. by yourself and in a security company
59. The main purpose of this article is _________.
A. to tell you what to do if your bicycle is stolen B. to suggest ways of keeping your bicycle safe
C. to give you advice on where to buy a good lock
D. to say why you shouldn’t keep your bicycle in a quiet place
Over the last 70 years, researchers have been studying happy and unhappy people and finally found out ten factors that make a difference. Our feelings of well-being at any moment are determined to a certain degree by genes. However, of all the factors, wealth and age are the top two.
Money can buy a degree of happiness. But once you can afford to feed, clothe and house yourself, each extra dollar makes less and less difference.
Researchers find that, on average, wealthier people are happier. But the link between money and happiness is complex. In the past half-century, average income has sharply increased in developed countries, yet happiness levels have remained almost the same. Once your basic needs are met, money only seems to increase happiness if you have more than your friends, neighbors and colleagues.
“Dollars buy status, and status makes people feel better,” conclude some experts, which helps explain why people who can seek status in other ways-scientists or actors, for example-may happily accept relatively poorly-paid jobs.
In a research, Professor Alex Michalos found that the people whose desires-not just for money, but for friends, family, job and health-rose furth est beyond what they already had, tended to be less happy than those who felt a smaller gap(差距). Indeed, the size of the gap predicted happiness about five times better than income alone. “The gap measures just blow away the only measures of income.” says Michalos.
Another factor that has to do with happiness is age. Old age may not be so bad “Given all the problems of aging, how could the elderly be more satisfied?” asks Professor Laura Carstensen.
In one survey, Carstensen interviewed 184 people between the ages of 18 and 94, and asked them to fill out an emotions questionnaire(问卷调查). She found that old people reported positive emotions just as often as young people. Some scientists suggest older people may expect life to be harder and learn to live with it, or they’re more realistic about their time running out, older people have learned to focus on things that make them happy and let go of those that don’t.
“People realize not only what they have, but also that what they have cannot last forever,” she says. “A goodbye kiss to a husband or wife at the age of 85, for example, may bring far more complex emotional responses than a similar kiss to a boy or girl friend at the age of 20.”
60．According to the passage, the feeling of happiness ___________.
A．is determined partly by genes B．increases gradually with age
C．has little to do with wealth D．is measured by desires
61．Some actors would like to accept poorly-paid jobs because the jobs __________.
A．make them feel much better B．provide chances to make friends
C．improve their social position D．satisfy their professional interests
62．Aged people are more likely to feel happy because they are more ___________.
A．optimistic B．successful C．practical D．emotional
63．Professor Alex Michalos found that people feel less happy if ___________.
A．the gap between reality and desire is bigger B．they have a stronger desire for friendship
C．their income is below their expectation D．the hope for good health is greater
Although international students want to dive into American culture, it is easier to stay close to the familiar．
“Most international students told me that they want to meet and make friends with as many Americans as they can,” said Mark Galloway, Institute for International Studies (IIS) student adviser at Murray State University．“But in reality, they are comfortable with being around people from their own country, if possible．”
Testing of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) is an admissions(入学) test for international students enrolling in American universities．Galloway said students’ scores decreased when they spent less time with American students．More than 450 international students are on campus at Murray State University．Thailand, Japan, South Korea, China and Germany are the countries with the most students this semester, according to an IIS report．
Wichien Eampromate, Thai Student Association president, said poor English ability and cultural differences make it difficult for Thai students to spend time with Americans．“We eat different things; we do different kinds of things,” said Eampromate．
On the other hand, Joon-Seong Bae, an exchange student from Korea University, said he tries to avoid hanging around other Koreans．But it is not easy for him．He said he is less comfortable with Americans because he cannot say everything he wants to say, and not all Americans are patient with his limited English．“There were two or three Americans and me,” Bae said．“We talked about something．As time went by, I was kind of excluded(排斥在外) because they talked to each other．”
While international students venture outside their comfort zones, American students also have the opportunity to be exposed to other cultures．“I know there are a lot (of American students) who want to get to know international students,” said Philip Lee, senior from Boonville, Indiana．“They are just uncomfortable．” Lee said he has learned about life from his international friends, although it is sometimes a challenge．“I can’t live a comfortable life all the time,” Lee said．“I realized there is a great benefit of stepping out of my comfort zone to meet people．”
64．From the first paragraph we learn that ________．
A．international students enjoy American culture with difficulty
B．international students all go to America without preparation
C．American culture, in fact, is the same as others
D．American culture is easy to deal with
65．What Galloway said in this passage means _______．
A．TOEFL is becoming more and more difficult
B．TOEFL is a test held in American universities
C．mixing with native Americans helps learning English
D．America is the only place for us to learn English
66．When American students talk with international students, they ______．
A．always feel comfortable B．usually become angry
C．often charge for money D．usually get familiar with other cultures
67．It can be inferred from this passage that ________．
A．international students go to America in order to improve their English
B．international students can hardly make any friends in America
C．it is necessary for international students to make friends with Americans
D．it is bad for international students to get along with Americans
答案：64- 67 ACDC
The curtain on the 2008 US presidential election finally rose last month as John McCain and Barack Obama were formally nominated (提名) as candidates of the two major parties．This may be one of the hardest decisions voters have to make between two appealing candidates．
The big question for voters, as they face both an economic downturn and international threats, is: who will they elect? A young first-term senator promising change and new ideas, or a longtime senator with strong military experience and a reputation as a maverick (特立独行的人)?
American voters have never seen a candidate quite like Obama．He has a white mother from the US and a black father from Kenya who left the family when Obama was very young．He spent part of his youth in Indonesia．
His supporters say Obama’s childhood gives him the advantage to repair the recent damage done to America’s image abroad．His opponents focus on his inexperience, noting he hasn’t finished his first term in the Senate．
However, McCain has a very different life story．
He grew up in a Navy family and was a pilot during the Vietnam War in the 1960s．When Obama was in kindergarten in Indonesia, McCain’s plane was shot down over Vietnam and he became a prisoner of war．McCain could have been released if he disowned America but he refused and so was held for five years．
So in the end, the election may hinge on (以…为转移) several factors that are hard to judge: Will Obama’s race matter to a significant number of voters? Will working-class whites who tended to support his primary opponent, Hillary Clinton, vote for Obama? And perhaps most important of all, will swing (摇摆) voters be more drawn to Obama’s vision (远景规划) or to McCain’s experience?
Whatever happens, one thing is clear: Whoever walks into the White House on January 20, 2009, will find enormous challenges waiting for him in the Oval Office, both at home and abroad．
68．______ makes the result of the election hard to predict．
A．Whether working class whites care about Obama’s inexperience
B．The economic trouble the country now faces
C．Who swing voters will finally decide to vote for
D．McCain’s being too old to govern the country
69．The word “disown” in Paragraph 6 means closest to ______．
A．run away from B．turn one’s back on C．not keep it private D．expose secrets about
70．The challenges that will face the new president are ______．
A. not mentioned in the text B．building a strong party and a friendly image
C. the problems of immigrants and economy D. the problems of economy and international relations
Japan is an island country in the Pacific Ocean. As the Japanese students already know, four main islands and more than 3,000 small ones stretch from north to south for about 1,300 miles. As for the climate of the country, well, it’s hot and humid(潮湿) in summer, but it is quite cold and wet in Japan during winter. Typhoons, which are violent tropical storms, often threaten Japan during the fall. That’s, of course, during the harvest season.
The population of Japan is about 110,5 million. It may seem hard to believe, but the average population density(密度) of the country is about 678 persons per square mile.
About two thirds of the entire population lives in Japan’s cities. The other one third lives in the suburbs or in the countryside. No other country in southern or eastern Asia has such a large urban, or city population. Tokyo, the capital city of Japan, is the most density-populated city in the world. At last count there were more than 11.5 million people living in Tokyo.
56. Why is Japan called an island country? Because ______.
A. Japan is a small country B. it is on the Pacific Ocean
C. it has thousands of big and small islands D. Japan has hundreds of small islands
57. Typhoons often attack Japan during______.
A. spring B. summer C. autumn D. winter
58. Most of the people in Japan live_____.
A. in the rural areas B. in the countryside C. around the cities D. in the cities
59. The most densely-populated city in the world is_____.
A. New York B. Shanghai C. London D. the capital of Japan
A white-haired old gentleman steps out of his car, bag in hand and coat over his arm. He has called from his office to say that he is on the way. His wife is preparing supper. He can see the light shining inside his own front door. He looks forward to fire and hot milk. It is a cold night. A few seconds later he is lying on the icy ground in a pool of his own blood.
It doesnt happen very often, but it does happen in the capital city of the United States. It is more likely to happen in the near-deserted city center at night. What happened to him could happen to any of us.
Senator Stennis, who is 71, got out of his white Buick at 7:40 p.m. outside his home at 3609 Cumberland Street. Two youths said, "Get out! Money, please."
He followed the order. He handed over his wallet containing several cards, a gold watch and the only money he had in his pockets—twenty-seven cents. The youths also said, "Now, were going to shoot you anyway." Anyway they did. One bullet （子弹）hit him in the leg and struck the bone. The other entered his chest just below the upper pocket of his suit. It narrowly missed his heart.
Strangely he made it across a ten-meter distance, up eight steps and along twenty more feet of stone path. His wife met him at the door, and saw two men running. The senator told her to call the police and the doctor.
The senator is powerful political figure, but it is unlikely that the two young men knew who he was. More likely the reason for the killing was that he had only no more than a quarter of dollar—not enough for two cups of coffee.
60. According to the passage ______.
A. such a mugging（抢劫）might have happened to anyone.
B. the mugging happened on a cold evening in a senators home.
C. the senator was killed because he was an important politician.
D. the mugging might not have happened if the senator was young and strong.
61. Having robbed the senator, the two young men ______.
A. pulled him into a pool. B. shot two bullets into his body.
C. hit out at him hard. D. carried him away.
62. The two young men were angry by the fact that _____.
A. the senator tried to cheat them. B. they failed to get the senators expensive car.
C. the senator didnt die in their hands. D. they didnt get what they had expected.
63. Which of the following statements is NOT true?
A. A near-deserted city center at night is a dangerous place.
B. People should always carry some money with them.
C. Though seriously wounded, the senator managed to get home on his own.
D. The senators wife met the two men and recognized them immediately.
We use both words and body language to express our thoughts and opinions and to communicate with other people. We can learn about what a person is thinking by watching his or her body language. Words are important, but the way a person stands, folds his or her arms, or moves his or her hands can also give us information about his or her feelings.
Just like spoken language, body language varies from culture to culture. Making eye contact —looking directly into someone’s eyes — is in some countries a way to show interest. In other countries, however, eye contact is rude or disrespectful. The gesture for Ok, making a circle with one’s thumb and index finger, has different meanings in different cultures. In Japan, someone who sees another person making the gesture will think it means money. In France, a person seeing the same gesture will think it means zero. In Brazil and Germany, however, the gesture is rude. The thumbs-up gesture, meaning “great” or “good job” in the US is rude in Nigeria, but in Germany and Japan it means the number one. The “crazy” gesture, moving the index finger in a circle in front of the ear, means “you have a phone call” in Brazil.
Even the gesture we use for “yes” and “no” are different around the world. In many countries, shaking one’s head means “no”, and nodding means “yes”. In Bulgaria, parts of Greece, and Iran, however, the gestures have the opposite meaning. There are also differences as to how often we touch each other, how close we stand to someone we are talking to, and how we act when we meet or part. In some countries, for example, France and Russia, a visiting friend is greeted with a kiss on the check, in other countries people greet each other with a firm handshake, a loving hug, a bow or a simply a nod of the head.
While there are many different interpretations of our body language, some gestures seem to be universal. Pressing one’s palms together and resting one’s head on the back of one’s hand while closing the eyes as if sleeping means “I am tired.” A good way of saying “I am full” is moving the hand in circles over the stomach after a meal. If a person pats his or her stomach before a meal, it usually means “ I’m hungry.”
Perhaps the best example of universally understood body language is the smile. A smile can help us get through difficult situation and find friends in a world of strangers. A smile can open doors and tear down walls. It can be used to express almost any emotion. We can use a smile to apologise, to greet someone, to ask for help or to start a conversation. We can smile at ourselves in the mirror to make ourselves feel happier and stronger. And if we are feeling down or lonely, there is nothing better than to see the smiling face of a good friend.
64. In our daily life, which of the following do we use to communicate with each other?
A. gestures B. words C. smiles D. all above
65. As a Chinese , if you are lost in Germany, without knowing German, you’d better ______ to ask for help?
A. use eye-contact B. thumb-up C. smile D. say “excuse me”
66. What does this passage mainly about?
A. all the gestures in the world B. the same body language in the world
C. gestures in the western countries D. using proper gesture to express yourself
67. The underlined word “universal” in the last second paragraph probably means ______.
A. wide B. common C. not similar D. in space
Once there was no zero. To write the number sixty-three, people wrote 63. To write six hundred and three, people wrote 6 3. The space was there to mean "not any" tens. Sometimes people did not remember the space. It was hard to see and to read.
Later people used a dot（点） to hold the space. Six hundred and three looked like this 6.3. But the dot was hard to see. So people put a circle around it. Then people could see the dot. They remembered the space.
At last, only the circle around the dot was used. It was like a zero. This is one story of how the zero came to be used.
Now zero has many important uses. Can you tell some other ways zero is used?
68. Long, long ago, people didnt know how to _____.
A. write 603 B. write zero C. write numbers D. write sixty-three
69. Long, long ago, if they wrote two hundred and eight, people wrote ____.
A. 28 B. 28 C. 280 D. 208.
70. Later ____ was used to mean space.
A. "not any" B. letter "o" C. zero D. a dot
71. The story tells us ____.
A. how zero happened. B. how to write zero.
C. whats the use of zero. D. that zero means a dot, a circle or space.
How to Make the Most of Your Time
Time management is important in our daily life. There never seems to be enough hours in the day to accomplish all you need to do. Here are some tips that might be of some help to you.
1. Set up a plan. Go for a week at a time, and prioritize the most important ones. Include things you want to accomplish. Focus mostly on the things that are important to you.
2. Control your stress. No matter what kind of pressure mounts on you, try to keep cool. Stressing out can lead to an early breakdown, which is definitely counter-productive when you have a list of things to do. Its easier to take a 10-minute break and cool off than work all week with built up stress.
3. Shut your door. When working under a schedule, perform your important tasks with your door shut to get them done. This will ensure a better quality time to get what needs to be done.
4. Focus on one thing at a time. Forget trying to multi-task! You will lose concentration, and it will take you longer to accomplish what you set out to do.
5. Just say "no." If you are constantly interrupted, and you really dont have the time to help out, just say "no." Youre only one person, and you cant save the world by yourself!
6. Stop wasting time on the phone. While talking on the phone, keep your conversations short, and to the point youll waste much less time.
7. Be realistic. You can only do what you can do. Dont set out to accomplish the impossible. Do your best, but keep realistic expectations of yourself.
8. Relax. The most important thing is remember to take time to relax, and regroup. You need a break every now and then to keep working efficiently. Even if its a 10-minute walk, get away from your list and get refreshed.
As families today get busier and busier, its important to your own mental health to keep things on track. Dont delay; get your life in order now.
72. What does the underlined word “prioritize” in Paragraph 2 mean?
A. choose something by thinking carefully B. recognize the difference between things
C. put many things in order of importance D. get rid of something that is unwanted
73. We should avoid stressing out because ____________.
A. it may cause us to fail to work normally B. it may limit the speed to get things done
C. we don’t have enough energy to keep working D. we are supposed to have a break while working
74. Which statement would the author agree to?
A. Try multi-tasks, and we can get more done. B. It is impolite to refuse to help others at work.
C. Having breaks regularly may delay our tasks. D. It is wise to be aware of what we can achieve.
75. B y writing the text, the author would like to ___________.
A. ask readers to share their time management skills B. offer some advice on how to make full use of time
C. invite readers to discuss how to improve life quality D. persuade readers to spend less time on daily routine
The first time I saw Carlos I would never have believed he was going to change my life．I had my arms full of books and I was tearing into the classroom when 1 ran into something solid．It was Carlos. “My God, you’re tall,” he said. Of course, the class began to laugh．Angry, I walked to my seat without a word.
I glanced back to see if Reed Harrington was laughing with the rest．That would be the last straw．But Reed was studying chemistry and did not seem to be aware of anything else．I didn’t know why I considered Reed my friend．Maybe just because he was a good two inches taller than I．Anyway, every time I blew out my birthday candles and made a wish, it was for a date with Reed Harrington.
“Take that seat，” Mr．McCarthy told the cocky newcomer Carlos，pointing to the only empty one，in the back of the room.
Carlos grinned, “But I need a couple of dictionaries.” Again the class laughed, but now they were laughing with Carlos，not at him．He had been here only 10 minutes and already he had them on his side.
It was the school elections that made me think of Carlos again．Reed Harrington was voted president and Carlos vice-president．“How come ?” I kept asking myself, “How come this shrimp who’s only been in town for a little over a month gets to be so popular?”
So that morning，I stopped Carlos and said，“It doesn’t seem to bother you — being short.” He looked up at me, “Of course I mind being short．But there isn’t anything I can do about it．When I realized I was going to have to spend my life in this undersized skin，I just decided to make the best of it and concentrate on being myself.” “You seem to get along great,” I admitted, “But what about me? Nobody wants to date a girl taller than he is.” “The trouble with you is you’re afraid to be yourself．You’re smart．And you could be pretty．In fact, you might be more than pretty.” I felt myself turning red…
56．The author was angry because ________.
A．the class made fun of her B．Carlos was too rude to her
C．she had to carry many books D. Reed Harrington didn’t date her
57．Which of the following about Carlos is NOT TRUE?
A．He was popular. B．He was new in the school.
C．He was shorter than the author. D．He was chosen president in the school elections.
58．We can infer from the passage that ________．
A．Carlos and the author have become good friends B．the author will be more confident
C．Carlos always encouraged the author D．the author was tall
The Chinese word “Shanzhai” means a small mountain village, but now it becomes an accepted name for fakes （假货） after “Shanzhai Cellphones” produced by small workshops in southern China became popular in the mainland market over the past two years.
Besides “Shanzhai” has electronic products, there are “Shanzhai” movies, “Shanzhai” stars and even a “Shanzhai” Spring Festival Gala, a copy of the 25-year-old traditional show presented by CCTV on Chinese Lunar New Year’s Eve．
“Shanzhai” has become a culture of its own, symbolizing anything that imi tates something famous．The phenomenon has caused a public debate over whether it is healthy or sick being a copycat.
In southwestern China’s Chongqing Municipality, a “Shanzhai” version “Bird’s Nest” woven by farmers with bamboo attracts wide attention and the “Shanzhai” version “Water Cube” is popular with tourists too．Both are copies of the famous Olympics buildings in Beijing.
Xie Xizhang, a literature critic, said that taking the “Shanzhai” Gala as an example, when the traditional CCTV program becomes less and less attractive to the audience, the “Shanzhai” version appears naturally to attract people．“In spite of its poor techniques and operation, ‘Shanzhai’ culture meets the psychological demands of common people and could be a comfort to their minds,” Xie said.
Tian Huiqun, a professor at Beijing Normal University, said that “Shanzhai” culture never copies classic things, only trendy products．In that sense, it’s like a computer virus, multiplying without meaning.
Though controversial, “Shanzhai” culture is becoming a widely accepted phenomenon.
To the mainstream culture, the rise of “Shanzhai” culture is a challenge as well as a motivation, said Xie．Tian said different kinds of cultures developing together is an ideal situation and it is for the public to choose.
59. The Chinese Word “Shanzhai” may have its origin in _________.
A. fake cellphones B. electronic products C. Spring Festival Gala D. Olympics buildings
60. The underlined word “imitates” is closest in meaning to _______.
A．steals B．copies C．advertises D．cheats
61．According to the passage, “Shanzhai” culture refers to ________.
A．the action that a person imitates famous people B．anything that imitates something famous
C．those similar names to famous brand D．products with poor techniques and quality
62．We can infer that the mainstream culture ________.
A．will be held back by “Shanzhai” culture
B．will sooner or later be replaced by “Shanzhai”culture
C．may develop faster because of the challenging of “Shanzhai”culture
D．thinks nothing of the challenge of “Shanzhai”culture
Jack Benny was one of the most famous names in show business．As a child, Benny learned to play the violin．After finishing his school, he joined the Navy．He continued using his violin to perform for sailors．In one show he was chosen more for his funny jokes than for his skill with the violin．That experience made him believe that his future job was a comedian.
Benny developed a show personality that had all the qualities people dislike．He was known for being so stingy ---- he refused to spend any money unless forced to do so．On his shows Benny often spoke of his appearance, especially his baby blue eyes．As he grew older, he always claimed to be 39 years old．Benny rarely made jokes that hurt other people．Instead, he would let the other actors on the show tell jokes about him.
In real life, he was very giving and he was a person people liked having as their employer．Benny entered the new media of television in 1950．Five years later, he dropped his radio program to spend more time developing his television show．At first his appearances on television were rare．By 1960 the Benny Show was a weekly television program．It continued until 1965．Benny appeared in about twenty films during his life．A few became popular．But most were not．In 1963 Benny returned to Broadway for the first time since 1931.
Benny received many awards during his lifetime．Perhaps the one honor that pleased him most was that his hometown of Waukeegan named a school for him．This was a special honor for a man who had never finished high school.
Benny continued to perform．He died of cancer in 1974．At his funeral his friend Bob Hope said, “ Jack Benny was stingy to the end．He gave us only eighty years.”
63．Benny was determined to be a comedian .
A．after he played the violin for the sailors B．after he left he Navy for Broadway
C．after he performed in a show for the sailors D after he joined the Navy with his violin
64．Which of the following statements is TRUE about Benny?
A．His first appearance on TV was very successful B．Most of his films became well-known to Americans
C．Benny treated all his awards as nothing D．His greatest achievement was developing show business
65．We can learn from Bob Hope’s words that .
A．he felt very sad about Benny’s death B．Benny devoted him self to developing TV business
C．eighty years was enough for common people, but not for Benny D．Benny performed only eighty years.
Many years ago, my dad was diagnosed (诊断) with a serious heart condition. He was unable to work a steady job. He would be fine for a while, but would then fall suddenly ill and have to be admitted to the hospital.
He wanted to do something to keep himself busy, so he decided to volunteer at the local children’s hospital. My dad loved kids. It was the perfect job for him. He ended up working with the seriously ill children. He would talk, play, and do arts with them.
One of his kids was a girl with a rare disease that paralyzed (瘫痪) her from the neck down. She couldn’t do anything, and she was very depressed. My dad decided to try to help her. He started visiting her in her room, bringing paints, brushes and paper. He stood the paper up, put the paintbrush in his mouth and began to paint. He didn’t use his hands at all. All the while he would tell her, “See, you can do anything you set your mind to.”
At the end of the day, she began to paint using her mouth, and she and my dad became friends. Soon after, the little girl was sent home because the doctors felt there was nothing else they could do for her. My dad also left the children’s hospital for a little while because he became ill. Some time later after my dad had recovered and returned to work, in came the little girl who had been paralyzed, but this time she was walking. She ran straight over to my dad and hugged him really tight. She gave him a picture she had done using her hands. At the bottom it read: “Thank you for helping me walk.”
My dad would cry every time he told us this story and so would we. He would say sometimes love is more powerful than doctors, and my dad – who died just a few months after the little girl gave him the picture – loved every single child in that hospital.
48. The author’s father worked at the local hospital to ___________.
A. ease his heart condition B. keep himself occupied and happy
C. earn money to pay for treatment D. realize his childhood dream
49. How did the author’s father help the paralyzed little girl?
A. He helped her practice walking. B. He painted special pictures for her.
C. He showed her she could still do things. D. He visited her and made a toy for her.
50. According to Paragraph 4, the paralyzed girl ___________.
A. gradually recovered and walked B. eventually became a unique painter
C. was sent home and never seen again D. sent a picture painted with her mouth
51. The article mainly conveys the message that ___________.
A. it’s better to give than to receive B. volunteering is a worthwhile thing to do
C. love can sometimes bring great results D. a sick person should not focus on his disease
It is easy for us to tell who our family members are, but do plants recognize their own family? Some do, scientists say, according to a report by Science News in early 2010.
Guillermo P. Murphy and Susan Dudley are two plant scientists from McMaster University in Hamilton, Canada. They did a few experiments with Jewelweeds, a kind of flower that grows in wet, shady spots. They found that the flowers seem to know their own flower family. In their experiments, Murphy and Dudley planted jewelweeds in pots with either siblings (同属) or strangers.
When jewelweeds were planted in pots with strangers, the plants started to grow more leaves than if they had been planted alone. This response suggests that plants are competing with strangers for sunlight, since a plant with more leaves can receive more light and make more food. Jewelweeds normally grow in the shade, where sunlight is scarce.
When jewelweed seedlings were planted with siblings, they grew a few more branches than they normally would if they were alone – but they did not start growing lots of extra leaves. This behavior suggests the plants are more likely to share resources, rather than compete.
According to the Science News report, Jewelweeds are not the first plants that plant scientists have studied for family recognition. In 2007, Dudley and her team studied the Great Lakes sea rocket, a plant that grows on the beach – where it may be hard to get fresh water. In that experiment, the scientists observed that when sea rockets were planted with siblings, they tolerated each other. But when they were planted with strangers, the sea rockets reacted by working extra hard to grow lots of roots.
Dudley says this behavior makes sense because sea rockets, on the beach, get plenty of sun but struggle for water – so when they’re threatened, they compete for water. Jewelweeds have plenty of water but have to compete for sunshine, so they grow more leaves.
52. When the McMaster University scientists experimented with Jewelweeds, they __________.
A. planted Jewelweeds alone
B. separated jewelweeds from their siblings
C. planted Jewelweeds in an unusual environment
D. grew jewelweeds together with either family or strangers
53. Which of the following shows that Jewelweeds compete with others?
A. Jewelweeds grow extra leaves.
B. Jewelweeds grow more branches as well as extra leaves.
C. Jewelweeds grow more branches rather than more leaves.
D. Jewelweeds grow taller than usual.
54. The underlined word “scarce” in paragraph 3 means _____________.
A. dark B. not enough C. not available D. mild
55. From the text, we can conclude that the Great Lakes sea rockets ____________.
A. prove the same point as Jewelweeds B. compete with strangers for sunlight
C. cannot recognize their siblings D. grow more leaves when planted with strangers
56. What is the article mainly about?
A. New discoveries about plants. B. How plants compete with each other.
C. Family recognition among plants. D. Jewelweeds and the Great Lakes sea rockets.
KFC, McDonald’s and Pizza Hut… These fast food restaurants constantly remind us of the American fondness with hamburgers, chips and pizza. But America’s reputation as the home of fast food is under threat from the British, according to research carried out by the BBC in 13 nations among 9,000 people.
Though they are afraid of putting on weight, the study found the British are more interested in junk food than any other nation. Almost half of British respondents (参与调查者) said they enjoyed fast food too much to give it up. About 44 percent in the US claimed they would be unable to stop eating burgers, pizzas and chicken wings, making the country second in the world’s junk food league. The third place went to the United Arab Emirates, where 35 percent are junk-food lovers.
The research also found that attitudes to food and weight vary wildly around the world. Those in the UK and US believed lack of self-discipline (自律) was the main factor behind growing waistlines. They can’t deny themselves hamburger or extra piece of pizza, but “make themselves feel better by washing it down with a diet coke”, the study suggested.
The French, on the other hand, seem to keep a watchful eye on their weight. They get on the scales every day. Only 19 percent of the French surveyed admitted a fondness for fast food. It is said that the French valued the combination of good food and company. Sharing classic food and time with loved ones is the key to the French sensibility. “French people take care of their image as a matter of course. Being thin is part of our culture and a point of pride. We are known for it,” said Thierry Pailleux.
57. Which of the following shows the correct percentage of people in the research fond of junk food?
58. The research suggests that _______________.
A. Americans love fast food and are proud of the fast food they eat
B. those British who love fast food do not care about their body weight
C. the British would like to think that other food they eat make up for eating occasional fast food
D. most people love fast food as they don’t think such food will lead to their growing waistlines
59. According to Thierry Pailleux, the French are less obsessed with fast food than the British and Americans because ____________.
A. they value their image B. they have better foods than other countries
C. they value self-discipline D. they fear criticism for an unhealthy diet
60. The article is mainly about a study of ____________.
A. the relationship between fast food and body weight B. why fast food is popular in many foreign countries
C. different countries’ attitudes towards body weight D. how popular fast food is in different countries
The desire to make explorations is born with man. Wherever his imagination goes, man also has a strong wish to go. A large part human history is connected with the exploration of the world in which we live. Again and again people have set out with surprising courage and patience to look into unknown regions and lands to see what had not yet been seen, to make known the unknown. With kites, balloons and aircraft they left the ground to pass through the lower atmosphere. Now the outer space receives their attention.
Why should man take the trouble of conquering space? It is hard to list the specific practical benefits that will result in. But one knows, from past experience in other areas, that man will surely see and discover new things in space that will increase our scientific knowledge, and this new knowledge will find its way into valuable practical uses. What we learn about man himself, from his experience in space, and from the effects of space and the space flight environment on him, will be extremely valuable. The new techniques developed to carry out the exploration of space, and to keep man alive in space, will certainly find practical uses in everyday life in some way. The areas that will benefit are manifold. They include communication, generation of power, transportation and travel, food production, materials, fuels and many others. But to say definitely just what the practical results will be is almost impossible.
61. The main idea of the first paragraph is that __________.
A. man desires to explore what is unknown B. man often goes wherever his dreams go
C. man is no longer interested in the study of the land and sea now
D. man’s history is the exploration of the world
62. The word “manifold” in the second paragraph probably means __________.
A. vast B. vario us C. valuable D. practical
63. The author seems to be in favor of__________.
A. doubting the necessity of the space exploration B. the exploration of space
C. exploring more in space than in the sea D. his experience in space
In the past industries had more freedom than they have now, and they did not need to be as careful as they must today. They did not need to worry a lot about the safety of the new products that they developed. They did not have to pay much attention to the health and safety of the people who worked for them. Often new products were dangerous for the people who used them; often conditions in the work place had very bad effects on the health of the workers.
Of course sometimes there were real disasters which attracted the attention of governments and which showed need for changes. Also scientists who were doing research into the health of workers sometimes produced information which governments could not ignore. At such times, there were inquiries into the causes of the disaster or the problems. New safety rules were often introduced as a result of these inquiries; however，the new rules came too late to protect the people who had died or become seriously ill.
Today many governments have special departments which protect customers and workers. In the U.S., for example, there is a department which tests new airplanes and gives warnings about possible problems. It also makes the rules that aircraft producers must follow. Another department controls the foods and drugs that companies sell. A third department looks at the places where people work, and then reports any companies that are breaking laws which protect the health and safety of workers.
64. According to Paragraph 1, compared with today, industries in the past __________.
A. were controlled less strictly B. were worse off
C. affected more peoples health D. put out more unhealthy products.
65. It is implied in Paragraph 2 that years ago governments __________.
A. paid much attention to the results of scientific discoveries
B. seldom introduced safety laws before disasters occurred
C. hardly ever looked into the causes of tragedies
D. imposed safety rules as soon as disasters occurred
66. The main topic of the passage is __________.
A. industries in the past and at present B. changes in the development of industries
C. the protection of industrial workers and customers D. the freedom of industries
67. The purpose of this passage is to __________.
A. inform B. criticize C. entertain D. persuade
I made a pledge (誓言) to myself on the way down to the vacation beach cottage. For two weeks I would try to be a loving husband and father. Totally loving. No ifs, ands or buts.
The idea had come to me as I listened to a talk on my car radio. The speaker was quoting a Biblical（圣经的）passage about husbands being thoughtful of their wives. Then he went on to say, “Love is an act of will. A person can choose to love.” To myself, I had to admit that I had been a selfish husband. Well, for two weeks that would change.
And it did. Right from the moment I kissed Evelyn at the door and said, “That new yellow sweater looks great on you.”
“Oh, Tom, you noticed,” she said, surprised and pleased. Maybe a little puzzled.
After the long drive, I wanted to sit and read. Evelyn suggested a walk on the beach. I started to refuse, but then I thought, “Evelyn’s been alone here with the kids all week and now she wants to be alone with me.” We walked on the beach while the children flew their kites.
So it went. Two weeks of not calling the Wall Street firm where I am a director; a visit to the shell museum though I usually hate museums. Relaxed and happy, thats how the whole vacation passed. I made a new pledge to keep on remembering to choose love.
There was one thing that went wrong with my experiment, however. Evelyn and I still laugh about it today. On the last night at our cottage, preparing for bed, Evelyn stared at me with the saddest expression.
“What’s the matter?” I asked her.
“Tom,” she said in a voice filled with distress (悲痛), “do you know something I don’t?”
“What do you mean?”
“Well…that checkup（体检）I had several weeks ago…our doctor…did he tell you something about me？Tom, you’ve been so good to me…am I dying?”
It took a moment for it all to sink in. Then I burst out laughing.
“No, honey,” I said, wrapping her in my arms. “You’re not dying; I’m just starting to live.”
68. From the story we may infer that Tom drove to the beach cottage __________.
A. with his family B. with Evelyn C. alone D. with his children
69. During the two weeks on the beach, Tom showed more love to his wife because __________.
A. she looked lovely in her new clothes B. he had made a lot of money in his Wall Street firm
C. he was determined to be a good husband D. she was seriously ill
70. The author says, “There was one thing that went wrong with my experiment.” What was the one thing that went wrong?
A. He praised her sweater, which puzzled her.
B. She insisted on visiting a museum, which he hated.
C. He knew something about her illness but didn’t tell her.
D. He was so good to her that she thought she must be dying.
71. By saying “I’m just starting to live,” Tom means that __________.
A. he is just beginning to understand the real meaning of life
B. he is just beginning to enjoy life as a loving husband
C. he lived an unhappy life before and is now starting to change
D. he is beginning to feel regret for what he did to his wife before
The gray-haired lady can’t wait to leave the building to search for her dad. Unless watched, she will walk in the streets in an effort to find her father, who died 30 years ago.
Not all cases of Alzheimer’s disease look like this ,but Alzheimer’s is a serious disease that is said to be the fourth or fifth leading cause of death for people over age 75.
It is said that about three percent of the U.S. population over age 65 have Alzheimer’s. In the early stages, people may exhibit short term memory loss. Some may experience changes in personality, easy to be angry .As the disease progresses, patients might lose the ability to move and may be unable to speak or move at all. This progressive disease generally lasts 8 to 10 years before death occurs.
While no one is certain what causes these changes in the brain’s nerve fibers, their effect is certain. Alzheimer’s destroys not only the patients, but also spouses (配偶), friends and families.
What should you do if you notice progressive memory loss in yourself or a loved one? Have the person examined by a doctor who is a specialist in the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease.
Though many reasons other than Alzheimer’s disease may cause memory loss ,its early diagnosis (诊断) and treatment may delay some of the most serious effects.
What feeling will you likely experience should a loved one suffer from Alzheimer’s disease? A person will often go through the various stages of sadness, shock, anger, and so on. If the spouse develops the disease, you may experience hurt and disappointment when he or she doesn’t remember you are married.
Life for the Alzheimer’s patients and their loved ones will never be the same as the disease progresses, bringing a deep sorrow, loss and even anger towards God. No matter what feelings are present, facing them honestly will serve one better than burying them.
72. What can be inferred from the passage about the gray-haired lady?
A. She has been living with her father.
B. She was sad about the death of her father.
C. She can’t search for her father without being watched.
D. She suffers from Alzheimer’s disease.
73. When people suffer from Alzheimer’s disease, __________.
A. their families and friends will suffer from the same disease
B. their families and friends will experience mental sufferings
C. they will certainly die in 8 to 10 years
D. they will forget everybody but their spouses
74. Memory loss occurs __________.
A. from Alzheimer’s disease and nothing else B. from sadness ,shock ,anger ,and so on
C. for a number of reasons D. with changes in personality
75. From the passage we know that __________.
A. early treatment may stop Alzheimer’s disease occurring
B. it is still unknown what causes the changes in the brain’s nerve fibers
C. nerve fibers in the brain will cause Alzheimer’s disease
D. when one suffers from Alzheimer’s disease ,he will be buried
If you have to miss one meal a day, which meal will cause you fewest health problems if you don’t eat it? If they have to make a decision of this type, most people (especially very busy people) will choose to skip (not to eat) breakfast.
However, many experts in the field of health consider breakfast (the meal which “breaks” your “fast---- a period of time without eating anything ” which started the night before) to be the most important meal of the day. If we eat a good breakfast, they say, we will have the energy and nutrients we need to begin our working day with vigor and hopefully with good humour. But many people skip breakfast or replace it with snacks or a cup of coffee for a well-balanced meal. What happens if we ignore the importance of breakfast?
One recent study conducted in the United States tested a large number of people. Participants included both males and females who ranged in age from 12—83. During the experiment, these people were given a variety of breakfasts, and sometimes, they had to skip breakfast completely. Special tests, in cluding blood tests and endurance tests, were set up to analyze how well the participants’ bodies functioned when they had eaten a certain kind of breakfast.
The result showed that if a person eats an adequate (充足的) breakfast, he or she will work more efficiently and more productively than if he or she skips breakfasts or eats a very poor breakfast. This fact appears to be especially true if a person’s work involves mental activity. The study showed that if schoolchildren eat fruit, eggs, bread and milk before going to school, they will learn more quickly and will be able to concentrate on their lessons for a longer period of time than if their breakfast diet is inadequate .
The study also showed that, contrary to what many people believe, if you skip breakfast, you will not lose weight. This is because people become so hungry if they skip breakfast that they eat too much for lunch and end up gaining weight instead of losing. So remember, if you are on a diet, skipping breakfast will not help you. You will probably lose more weight if you reduce your other meals.
46. According to the passage, we can safely say _____.
A. if you skip breakfast, you will not lose weight at all
B. if you skip breakfast, you won’t eat much for lunch either.
C. skipping breakfast won’t do a bit of harm
D. skipping breakfast will help one lose weight
47. In the word “breakfast”, “fast” probably means _____.
A. “moving quickly” B. “going without food ” C. “unlikely to go fast” D. “fast food ”
48. Special tests were organized to analyze how participants’ bodies functioned when ______.
A. they had skipped breakfasts B. they had had breakfasts
C. they had eaten special breakfasts D. they had had all three meals
For shopoholics, the post-Christmas period means only one thing ---- sales! Across the country, prices are reducing sharply on clothing, electronics and home furniture, but London is the place for serious shopping, and you can certainly pick up some amazing bargains.
The sales start on Boxing Day — 26th December, and continue for the month of January, but the keenest bargain hunters get there early to be first through the doors. In Oxford Street queues formed outside shops ahead of before-dawn openings for the start of their sales. At Brent Cross, in north London, more than 1,000 people were queuing at 3.30 am for the ‘Next’ clothing store’s sale which began at 4 am. Some eager individuals even camped outside the shops to be first in the line.
Consumers who hit the shops were rewarded with discounts of as much as 80% as department stores joined the bargain sales. The shops are very crowded as the sales reached the boiling-point, with more than half a million people gathering on London’s West End.
Famous sales include the biggest, most popular shops such as Harrods, Selfridges, Liberty and John Lewis. Department stores are always a good bet — you’re likely to find everything you need under one roof, including much-needed food and drinks!
It’s a good time to stock up on cheap small tools, and there’s no better time to invest in some designer clothes.
Some people are taking their partners shopping with them, and buying their Christmas presents in the sale----a practical but unromantic way of making sure you get the gift you really want. For a less exciting but less stressful shopping experience, online sellers are also getting in on the act with January sales of their own.
The most organized of all are those who are already doing their present shopping for next Christmas, in the January sales!
49. In the sales, people can buy, at a very low price, all of the following except ______.
A. fashionable clothing B. bestseller C. TV sets D. bookcases
50. We can learn from the passage that the sales ______.
A. actually start before the end of December B. generally last for two months
C. basically benefit none of the people D. are a time to buy Christmas gifts in a romantic way
51. “Hit the shops” in the third paragraph means to ______.
A. attack the shops B. arrive at the shops C. affect the shops D. find the shops
52. What is the best title for this passage?
A. January Sales B. Sales in London at Christmas
C. Practical but Unromantic Shopping D. Shopping under One Roof
I start to wonder what else had changed since I’d been gone. My parents are in an awkward puzzle, wondering how to treat me now----whether to treat me—still their daughter—as one of them, an adult, or as the child they feel they sent away months earlier.
I run into two of my best friends from high school; we stare at each other, expressionless. We ask the simple questions and give simple answers. It’s as if we have nothing to say to each other. I wonder how things have changed so much in such a small amount of time. We used to laugh and promise that no matter how far away we were, our love for each other would never change. Their interests don’t interest me anymore, and I find myself unable to relate my life to theirs.
I had been so excited to come home, but now I just look at it all and wonder: Is it me? Why hadn’t the world stood still here while I was gone? My room isn’t the same, my friends and I don’t share the same promise, and my parents don’t know how to treat me—or who I am, for that matter.
I get back to school feeling half-satisfied, but not disappointed. I sit up in my bed in my dorm room, surrounded by my pictures, dolls. As I wonder what has happened, I realize that I can’t expect the world to stand still and move forward at the same time. I can change and expect that things at home will stay the same. I have to find comfort in what has changed and what is new; keep the memories, but live in the present.
A few weeks later, I’m packing again, this time for winter break. My mom meets me at the door. I have come home accepting the changes, not only in my surroundings, but most of all in me.
53. What can we infer about the writer?
A. She is a high school student. B. She is a college student.
C. She is a clerk in a school. D. She is a traveler.
54. What surprises the writer most?
A. The living conditions of her parents. B. The decorations in her room.
C. The meeting with her best friends. D. The things still staying the same.
55. What is this passage mainly about?
A. The writer’s curiosity about the changes. B. The changes in the writer’s surroundings and in herself.
C. The writer’s disappointment about the changes. D. The writer’s refusal to accept the changes.
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