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天津市静海区四校2020-2021高二英语12月阶段性检测试卷(附答案Word版)

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静海区 2020—2021 学年度第一学期 12 月份四校阶段性检测 高二 英语试卷 本试卷分为第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分,试卷满分 120 分。考试用时 100 分钟。第Ⅰ卷一、听力(共 15 小题,20 分)第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分)听下面五段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你将有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。1.Whose dictionary is on the floor?A. Sally’s B. Tom’s C. Miss Brown’s2. What does the man suggest the woman do ?A. Buy a new TV B. Have the old TV fixed C. Record the TV program3. What is the relationship between the speakers?A. Classmates B. Doctor and patient C. Teacher and student4. What musical instrument does the boy play now?A. The piano B. The guitar C. The drum5. What are the speakers mainly talk about?A. Work B. Travels C. Body language第二节 (共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分)听下面几段材料。每段材料后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段材料前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题 5 秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段材料读两遍。听下面一段对话,回答第 6 至第 8 三个小题6. What is the weather like?A. Quit cool B. A little dry C. Extremely hot7. What will the speakers do in the afternoon?A. Buy some drinks B. Stay at home C. Go to the hospital 8. what does the man prefer to drink?A. Dark beer B. Orange juice C. Champagne听下面一段对话,回答第 9 至第 11 三个小题9. What does Joe think of the movie?A. Great B. Boring C. Scary10. What is the movie mainly about?A. A dog’s journey home B. A student’s life with a dog C. A volunteer’s unusual experience 11. When will the movie be over?A. At 8:30 pm B. At 9:00 pm C. At 9:30 pm听下面一段独白,回答第 12 至第 15 四个小题12. How long will the camp last ?A.Twelve days B. Twenty days C. One month 13. Where will the campers go for their summer holiday?A.The city B. The forest C. The countryside14. What can the campers do in the afternoon?A. Play with kinds of toys B. Ride bikes around lake C.Learn to make works of art15.Why does the speaker give the talk?A. To advertise a summer camp B. To inform campers of safetyC. To make a change of the plan二、单项选择(共 15 小题,每题 1 分)16.—I think the best thing about traveling is that you may meet some people that impress you a lot .—Oh,_________. I have really met some interesting and great people .A.It’s up to you . B. I’m afraid not . C.I have no idea . D. That’s true .17.Before the Hope Project was carried out in poor area , children here had no _________ to education .A.access B. approach C. attitude D. attraction18.Lisa had to have her car repaired in a garage because it _______ seriously .A.damaged B. had been damaged C.was being damaged D. had damaged19. ______ students develop these social skills, schools in America offer a large number of after-school activities.A. Helping B.Help C. Helped D. To help20.While reading , trying to develop a more ______ attitude , instead of accepting everything at face value.A.subtle B. convincing C. critical D. ambiguous21.________ that he was in great danger, Eric walked deeper into the forest.A. Not realized B. Not to realizeC. Not realizing D. Not to have realized22.—Have you handed in your schoolwork yet ? —Yes, I have . I guess it __________ now .A.is graded B. has graded C. is grading D. is being graded23.Jane has made _________ progress in Chinese with the teacher’s help and her own hard work .A.disheartened B. remarkable C. abstract D. primeval 24.I shall never forget those years _______ I lived on the farm with the farmers, _______ has a great effect on my life.A. when; who B. that; which C. which; that D. when; which 25. His ______ for learning was to live up to his parents’ expectations.A. motivation B. qualification C. talent D. technique26. -This sauce needs a bit of flavour.-I know, some lemon juice should .A. do the trick B. carry on C. set in motion D. go wild27. a lot of hard work and a touch of luck play a part, perseverance is the key to success.A. when B. while C. because D. if28 the rainy weather, the streets were full of people on National Day.A. In case of B. In favour of C. In terms of D. In spite of29. When you are faced with challenges, try not to let discouraging thoughts _____. Be confident and trust yourself, and you’ll make it.A. take on B. take up C. take in D. take over30.—Would you mind if I used your car tomorrow?— _______. Be my guest.A. I’m sorry B. Never mind C. Forget it D. Of course not三、完形填空(共 20 小题,每题 1.5 分)Have you seen people who take pictures of food for more than 10 minutes before eating? How about those who beautify their selfie (自拍) so much that they can't be___31___? There must be one or more who___32___ in your social media. No matter___33___they choose to share, they share the best but the most unreal.Take my friend Chen. Every time we went to a restaurant, she would not take a___34___ until all the dishes we __35___were on the table.Then, she would spend five minutes on___36___the dishes in a seemingly random but in fact ___37___order.Then the most important part: taking pictures.After that, she would choose one of the__38___and click in the filter(滤镜) app.The food eventually looked 10 times more delicious than it really was,but we had no ___39__to really enjoy it— it all went cold.Actually Chen's real life is much less elegant. For example, she hates to wash the dishes,so she leaves them in the sink for____40____.Many people care too much about others' opinions and try too hard to ____41____ others. They find it hard to be ____42____ and to accept themselves, and thus they are afraid to show their ___43____ life on social media.What they are trying to prove is____44____what they lack in reality.But this will not bring any____45___ to reality,as they still____46____ the same old pattern of life.If they really want an elegant life,they should put more___47____ into achieving it____48____fabricating(伪造) it. Being more confident,____49____themselves and trying their best to be better is much more meaningful than____50____ their life on social media.31. A. envied B. admired C. recognized D. defeated32. A. exist B. survive C. flood D. spot33. A. how B. what C. where D. whom34. A. bow B. break C. breath D. bite35. A. ordered B. served C. offered D. prepared36. A. cooking B. washing C. setting D. collecting37. A. messy B. arranged C. casual D. correct38. A. dishes B. restaurants C. pictures D. tables39. A. chance B. choice C. excuse D. reason40. A. months B. years C. hours D. days41. A. comfort B. please C. inspire D. discourage42. A. independent B. generous C. responsible D. confident43. A. secret B. real C. peaceful D. healthy44. A. rarely B. hardly C. exactly D. nearly45. A. difficulty B. change C. guidance D. harm46. A. question B. dislike C. doubt D. follow47. A. effort B. ambitions C. feelings D. money48. A. other than B. more than C. rather than D. less than49. A. identifying B. accepting C. persuading D. amusing50. A. simplifying B. ruining C. beautifying D. worsening四、阅读理解(共 15 小题:每小题 2 分,满分 30 分)阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项。AMany people travel to enrich and enjoy themselves. However, their travel methods may be different each year.Lonely Planet and Forbes have concluded some top trends in 2020. Here are three of them for you to take a look.Solo travelTraditionally, travel seems to be a group activity to have fun together and avoid loneliness. But solo travel has become popular, especially among young people in 2020.Traveling on your own means that you are the boss of everything, choosing wherever you want to go, whatever you eat and whenever you go out. For some people, it also makes them a more confident person that is ready to deal with anything. Traveling in a totally foreign land on your own can be challenging. "It opens up your mind to new things, and pushes you out of your comfort zone," Kristina Wegscheider, a traveler Prom the US, told Travel Pulse.Augmented attractionsWorld travel can be expensive. But virtual reality(虚拟现实)and augmented reality(增强现实), or VR and AR, are giving more possibilities to travel for little cost. With ever-improving headsets, smartphones and Wi-Fi connections, people can have a 360-degree experience of museums, theme parks and historical sites.With these technologies, visitors can experience the surface of Mars with just a headset, or view a sea cow growing flesh before their eyes in a museum.Getting off the touristy pathThere are always some "must-see" spots anywhere you travel. But traveling in such places always brings problems like overcrowding and noise.In order to have a better travel experience, many tend to visit less famous places in 2020. With less transportation and fewer things to do, hitting up a little town lets people to slow down and notice the little things. Take a walk, ride a bike, sip coffee a little slower, take a deep breath and explore the natural scenery.51. What is the author's main purpose in writing the text?A. To describe the travel trends of 2020. B. To encourage more people to travel.C. To recommend travel hotspots. D. To explain what makes a good trip.52. What do we know about solo travel, according to the text?A. Solo travelers tend to feel lonely.B. Solo travelers are free to make their own decisions.C. Old people should probably not be solo travelers.D. Solo travelers are more likely to succeed.53. How do VR and AR change the way we travel?A. They allow us to visit places at a low cost.B. They make museums the hottest destinations.C. They challenge us to walk out of our comfort zones.D. They make space travel a reality for ordinary people.54. Why do many choose not to travel to the "must-see" spots?A. Because they have seen them before.B. Because they will spend too much money.C. Because there are too many tourists there.D. Because they hate local people there.55. What are the last two paragraphs mainly about?A. Problems with visiting "must-see" spots.B. Tips for tourists who like to get close to nature.C. Why it is important to slow down and travel.D. Why some people prefer to visit less famous places.BStudents are sitting in a classroom at P.S.54, a public elementary school in Brooklyn, New York. When their teacher, Adrienne Heim, strikes a bell, they take a deep breath.The kids are practicing mindfulness. That means they are learning to pay attention to the present moment. Why?Being mindful can help people stay calm and focused, according to Heim. She is the founder of Green Generations. The organization brings mindfulness classes to eight schools in New York City.Isafye Lewis, 10, has been taking in the class at P.S.54 for two years. "Mindfulness teaches me to relax, " he told TFK. "It really helps me feel better when I'm sad or angry."At P.S.54, students practice mindfulness through deep breathing, movement, and relaxation exercises. But Heim says that mindfulness is about more than just staying calm. It also boosts confidence. "It helps children have a right attitude, " She says, "so they can make healthy decisions."Recent research published in Developmental Psychology supports this view. The study also found that mindfulness training can help kids succeed in school. That's because it trains the brain to pay attention and manage stress."It doesn't solve math equations for kids," Mariam Gates, author of This Moment Is Your Life, told TFK. "But what mindfulness does for all of us is help us focus on the moment we're in, which is the only place we can learn, change, or grow."But you don't have to be in a classroom to practice mindfulness. Gates says, "You can always bring your attention to this moment and change how you experience it."56. Why do the students take a deep when the teacher strikes a bell?A. They are afraid of the teacher. B. They are practising mindfulness.C. They are taking an exam. D. They are having singing class.57. What does Isafye learn from mindfulness?A. How to take it easy. B. How to stay focused.C. How to stop being sad. D. How to get high grades.58. What does the underlined word "boosts" in Paragraph 5 mean?A. shakes. B. studies. C. raises. D. requires.59. What did Mariam Gates say about mindfulness?A. It does little to help kids' studies. B. It helps kids make decisions.C. It makes kids less stressful. D. It helps kids pay attention.60. What is this text mainly about?A. An organization centered on mindfulness. B. A new study on mindfulness.C. An introduction to mindfulness. D. The influences of mindfulness.CMost humans are able to recognize about 1 million different colors, but some people can't recognize this many because of something called colorblindness(色盲). In rare cases, some people can't see any colors at all.There are three cone-shaped(锥形的)cells at the back of our eyes that allow us to see colors. These cells absorb tight waves and send a message to the brain, where the image is processed.If something is wrong with these cone-shaped cells, this can result in colorblindness.Thankfully, special color-correcting glasses have already been made to help fix some types or colorblindness. Now, according to research published in Optics Letters, scientists have provided another choice.Sharon Karepov and Tal Ellenbogen, engineers from Tel Aviv University in Israel, have found a way to apply this technology to contact lenses(隐形眼镜). This is good news for the millions of people worldwide who suffer from colorblindness.One of the most common types of colorblindness is red-green colorblindness. People who have this specific type have difficulty telling the colors red and green apart. "Problems with distinguishing red from green stop simple daily routines such as deciding whether a banana is ripe," Karepov explained.Karepov also stressed the importance of applying this finding to create special contact lenses instead of relying on color-correcting glasses."Glasses based on this correction concept are commercially available. However, they are too big than contact lenses." Karepov said. "Our contact lenses create a customized, compact and durable(耐用的)way to deal with these shortcomings."This new research is groundbreaking. In addition to offering those who are colorblind another option, it may lead to solutions for other visual damage.61. What can cause colorblindness, according to the article?A. Only one type of cone-shaped cell exists in the eyes.B. Cone-shaped cells cannot process images received.C. The brain fails to absorb and process light waves.D. Cone-shaped cells probably don't work properly.62. What is true about people with colorblindness?A. They can recognize 1 million different colors.B. They are not interested in colorful stuff.C. They may find daily tasks more difficult.D. They have fewer cone-shaped cells than other people.63. What does "this technology" means in Paragraph 5?A. Three cone-shaped cells. B. Special color-correcting glasses.C. Processed image. D. Red-green colorblindness type.64. What is the advantage of the contact lenses over the glasses?A. They are much smaller. B. They are easier to make.C. They are much cheaper. D. They can help correct colorblindness.65. Why is Sharon Karepov and Tal Ellenbogen's research groundbreaking?A. It has led to a cure for colorblindness.B. It has found causes of visual damage.C. It could lead to solutions for other visual damage.D. It has helped to develop glasses to fix visual damage.第Ⅱ卷五、阅读表达:(共 5 小题,每题 2 分)阅读下面短文,按照要求用英语回答问题。Reading with Rover is a reading program where children read to dogs. In addition to Reading with Rover, which is based on Washington state, there are many such reading programs around the country. The goal of all these programs is to improve the reading skills of children with reading problems by having children read to dogs.When reading aloud in the classroom, many children with reading problems and poor reading skills feel frightened. They have little confidence in themselves and are afraid of being laughed at. They may also feel that reading is difficult, boring and stressful. However, when children read to dogs, reading becomes a fun and non-stressful experience for both the children and the dogs. Dogs don’t criticize, judge or laugh at the children’s reading ability.Reading with Rover and other programs like it have been a huge success, resulting in improved reading skills for a significant number of participating children with reading problems. In addition to making learning enjoyable, when children read to dogs, it increases their sense of worth and self-confidence.As part of the Reading with Rover program, the children read to dogs that are registered therapy dogs. These are dogs that have been trained and tested. Along with their owners, these dogs have become registered therapy teams.A recent research study was conducted by the University of California, which concluded that when children read to dogs, it can increase their reading skills by thirty percent.Children who took part in this study remarked, “I feel relaxed when I am reading to a dog because I am having fun.” “The dogs don’t care if you read really badly so you just keep going.”When children read to dogs and improve their reading skills, it becomes just another example of how wonderful dogs are and how important they are to our society.66. What’s the aim of Reading with Rover?(no more than 10 words)67. Why does reading become a fun and non-stressful experience when children read to dogs?(no more than 12 words)68. What’s Paragraph 3 mainly about?(no more than 12 words)69. What does the underlined word “conducted” mean in the fifth paragraph?(no more than 2 words)70. What do you think of Reading with Rover and other programs like it? Please explain.(no more than 25 words)第二节:书面表达71. 假定你是李津,你的好友英国留学生 Tim 来信,邀请你在本周末与他一起去国家博物馆看少数民族文化展。请用英语回信,内容包括:(1)感谢邀请;(2)表示对展览的兴趣;(3)确定会面时间和地点。注意:1.词数 100 左右;1.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。参考词汇: ethnic minority culture 少数民族文化(开头已给出,不计入总词数)Dear Tim,I'm more than delighted to receive your letter.______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Yours,Li Jin.静海区 2020—2021 学年度第一学期 12 月份四校阶段性检测答案1-5 CAABC 6-10 CBBAA 11-15 BBCBA16-20D A B D C 21-25CBBDA 26-30ABDDD31-35CABDA 36-40 CBCAD 41-45 BDBCB 46-50. DACBC51-55 ABACD 56-60BACDC 61-65 DCBAC【答案】66. To improve the reading skills of children with reading problems. 67. Because dogs never criticize, judge or laugh at the children’s reading ability. 68. The great effects/advantages/benefits of Reading with Rover and other programs like it. 69. Carried out/Performed/Done. 70. I think they are meaningful, as they make a difference in their life by improving the reading skills of children with reading problemsOr: I think they touch me a lot, because they are just another example of how wonderful and important dogs are to our society.【答案】Dear Tim,I’m more than delighted to receive your letter. You can’t imagine how thrilled I was when receiving your invitation, because I have a strong passion for ethnic minority culture.I’ve been interested in ethnic minority culture. The exhibition to be held in National Museum of China, has aroused many people’s attention. Each of the minority ethnic groups has a distinctive character, long traditional culture and unique conventions. Therefore, we can definitely acquire something beneficial from it. In addition, is it convenient for you to meet at the school gate at 9 a.m. on Sunday, which is quite close to the museum?Thanks for your invitation again. Looking forward to your early reply! Yours’Li Jin

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