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黑龙江省大庆铁人中学2020-2021高二英语上学期期中试题(Word版含答案)

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铁人中学 2019 级高二上学期期中考试英语试题试题说明:1、本试题满分 150分,答题时间 120分钟。 2、请将答案填写在答题卡上,考试结束后只交答题卡。第Ⅰ卷 选择题部分I. 选词填空(每空 1 分,共 20 分)A destruction B companion C attempt D confusion E account1. The ___________ of the railway by the floods was a big loss for the country.2. The team failed in its _______ to win the title of the season.3. His dog became his closet _______during the last years of the detective’s life.4. He was too shocked to give an_______ of what had happened.5. There was a _______of shouts and orders as the ship prepared to depart.A abolished B resembled C indicated D established E evolved6. Slavery was ________in the US in the 19th century.7. The creature had wings and ________a bird.8. At nineteen, he ________a candy business in Philadelphia.9. Early results ________that the government would return to power.10. The three species ________from a single ancestor.A essential B temporary C profound D available E determined11.The ________difference between Sara and me is in our attitude to money.12.She has a ________influence on her students.13.He was ________that the same mistakes would not be repeated.14. Mary worked here as a _______ secretary and ended up getting a good position in the company.15. Not enough data is _______to scientist.A swallow B confirm C suspected D assumed E simplify16. More needs to be done to ________the process of registering to vote.17. Drivers who are being ________ of drinking driving will be tested.18. In the end, I managed to ________ my pride and ask someone for help.19. The police has no way to ________if his claim is true.20. He ________that all men were equal at birth.II 阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分)第一节 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项(每小题 2 分)ATomato FestivalStarted in 2005 ,the Tomato Festival has grown into a local tradition in Malta.In recent years,the festival has added amusement park­style rides and a yearly Creature Feature,which screens old horrible movies.There are also dance competitions,parades and pancake breakfast.Third weekend in August.Address:833 Tinkham Rd,Fountain Park,Wilbraham,Massachusetts 01095Phone:(413)599-0010Brat DaysDon't mistake this festival for a day filled with poorly behaved children.Begun in 1953,the gathering is the biggest festival in the city each year and features more than 50 stands(摊位) selling the sausage,as well as a contest to see who can quickly eat the most bratwurst(德国式小香肠) in ten minutes.Early August.Address: 17th and New Jersey sts,Kiwanis Park,Sheboygan,Wisconsin 53081Phone: (920)457-9491Hope Watermelon FestivalThe festival dates back to the 1920s,when many trains went through this small town and local watermelon growers would sell their watermelon to parched travellers. These days,the festival sees a Watermelon Queen crowned (加冠的) and sometimes a world­record watermelon grown. There are also more than 300 stands selling arts and crafts from a six­state area,as well as a car show and the Watermelon Olympics. Early August.Address:108 W 3rd St,Hope,Arkansas 71801Phone:(870) 777-3640Oyster Festival (牡蛎节)Featuring appearances from tall ships and oyster boats,this festival has regularly drawn 60,000 visitors a year since it began in 1978.More than 3,000 volunteers make the festival possible each year.Norwalk is less than a two­hour drive from many of New England's larger cities,making it easy to attend the festival during a trip to New York or Hartford.Weekend after Labor Day.Address:Sea view Ave,Veteran's Park,East Norwalk,Connecticut 06855Phone:(800) 866-792521.Which of the following festivals has the longest history?A.Oyster Festival.B.Tomato Festival.C.Brat Days.D.Hope Watermelon Festival.22.In which of the following activities can you enjoy the frightening films?A.The Creature Feature.B.The Watermelon Olympics.C.The Eating­bratwurst Contest.D.Dance Competitions.23.If it is August 15 today this year,you might still attend .A.Brat DaysB.Tomato FestivalC.Hope Watermelon FestivalD.Oyster Festival B“Cleverness is a gift while kindness is a choice. Gifts are easy – they’re given after all. Choices can be hard.” –– Jeff BezosI got the idea to start Amazon 16 years ago. I came across the fact that the Internet usage was growing at 2,300 percent per year. I’d never seen or heard of anything that grew that fast, and the idea of building an online bookstore with millions of titles was very exciting to me. I had just turned 30 years old, and I’d been married for a year. I told my wife MacKenzie that I wanted to quit my job and go to do this crazy thing that probably wouldn’t work since most start-ups don’t, and I wasn’t sure what to expect. MacKenzie told me I should go for it. As a young boy, I’d been a garage inventor. I’d always wanted to be an inventor, and she wanted me to follow my passion.I was working at a financial firm in New York City with a bunch of very smart people, and I had a brilliant boss that I much admired. I went to my boss and told him I wanted to start a company selling books on the Internet. He took me on a long walk in Central Park, listened carefully to me, and finally said, “That sounds like a really good idea, but it would be an even better idea for someone who didn’t already have a good job.” That logic made some sense to me, and he convinced me to think about it for 48 hours before making a final decision. Seen in that light, it really was a difficult choice, but ultimately, I decided I had to give it a shot. I didn’t think I’d regret trying and failing. And I suspected I would always be haunted by a decision to not try at all.After much consideration, I took the less safe path to follow my passion, and I’m proud of that choice. For all of us, in the end, we are our choices.24. What inspired the author with the idea of building an online bookstore? A. His dream of being an inventor.B. The greatly increasing usage of the Internet. C. The support of his wife.D. Millions of exciting titles.25. Which of the following is closest in meaning to the underlined sentence?. A. The idea of not trying would keep coming to his mind and disturb him.B. He would be very excited if he tried it out.C. He would be always having a doubt if he didn’t try.D. The decision to not try the online bookstore would terrify him.26. We can know from the passage that _______. A. the boss thought the idea was suitable for the authorB. the author wanted someone else to try the ideaC. the author might go back to his boss if he failedD. the author might not regret if he failed the idea27. Which of the following would be the best title for the passage? A. Cleverness and Kindness B. The Starting of AmazonC. Following My Passion D. We Are What We ChooseCMr. Lon Lee Alle is from Singapore. He was recently visiting an Indonesian island so he could see the famous Komodo dragons. Mr. Lon did not want to pay for a tour guide,but he really wanted to take some close-up photos of the dragons when they were eating. Like most wild animals,Komodo dragons do not like to be disturbed when food is around. They turned on Mr. Lon and one of them took a large bite out of his leg. He was rushed to hospital by speedboat. Luckily,he survived.Komodo dragons are the largest and heaviest lizards(蜥蜴) in the world. They can only be found on a few Indonesian islands including Komodo Island. They have lived on earth for a very long time and remain killing and eating machines. They have a very strong sense of smell which they use to help find their next meal. They will eat almost anything they find. Even though Komodo dragons can run up to 20 kilometers per hour,they prefer to wait for their kill. When the attack does come,the dragon attacks the animal's feet first,knocking it over. Then,its sharp and fearsome teeth pull the animal to pieces. These teeth contain small pieces of meat from meals it has already eaten and are filled with bacteria—sometimes up to 60 different types. One bite will cause an infection in the wounded animal that will lead to a very painful death a few days later. The Komodo dragon will follow the animal , waiting for it to fall down. It has recently been discovered that Komodo dragons also have venom(毒液 ) in their mouth. The venom causes animals to bleed to death—if the infection does not get it first. Today,there are about 4,000 Komodo dragons in the wild. Five people have been killed and 30 injured by dragon bites in the past 40 years.28. What happened to Mr. Lon Lee Alle?A.He was fooled by the tour guide.B.He was seriously injured by a Komodo dragon.C. He paid a lot to take Komodo dragons' photos.D. He got lost on an Indonesian island.29.What purpose does Paragraph 1 serve in the text?A.To start a discussion.B.To bring up the topic.C.To provide an explanation.D.To offer basic knowledge of the topic.30. What do we know about Komodo dragons?A.They're native to Indonesia.B.They're impatient hunters.C.They're picky about food.D.They're really smelly.31.What is Paragraph 3 mainly about?A.How Komodo dragons survive after being attacked.B.How Komodo dragons' venom kills an animal.C.How Komodo dragons hunt for food.D.How Komodo dragons infect other animals. DClothing rental is a hot new industry and retailers (零售商) are demanding to get on board in hopes of attracting green shopper.But is renting fashion actually more environmentally-friendly than buying it, and if so, how much more? Journalist and author Elizabeth Cline investigated (调查 ) this question and concluded that it's not as sustainable as it seems.Take shipping, for example, which has to go two ways if an item is rented — receiving and returning. Cline writes that consumer transportation has the second largest carbon footprint of our collective fashion habit after manufacturing.She writes, ''An item ordered online and then returned can send out 20 kilograms of carbon each way, and increases up to 50 kilograms for rush shipping. By comparison, the carbon impact of a pair of jeans purchased from a physical store and washed and worn at home is 33.4 kilograms, according to a 2015 study by Levi's.''Then there's the burden of washing, which has to happen for every item when it's returned, regardless of whether or not it was worn. For most rental services, this usually means dry cleaning, a high impact and polluting process. All the rental services that Cline looked into have replaced perchloroethylene (氯乙烯), a carcinogenic (致癌的) air pollutant, still used by 70 percent of US dry cleaners, with alternatives, although these aren't great either.Lastly, Cline fears that rental services will increase our appetite for fast fashion, simply because it's so easily accessible. There's something called ''share washing'' that makes people waste more precisely because a product or service is shared and thus is regarded as more eco-friendly. Uber is one example of this, advertised as ''a way to share rides and limit ear ownership.'' and yet ''it has been proven to discourage walking, bicycling, and public transportation use.''Renting clothes is still preferable to buying them cheap and throwing them in the dustbin after a few wears, but we shouldn't let the availability of these services make us too satisfied. There's an even better step — that's wearing what is already in the closet.32. What is Elizabeth Cline's attitude toward clothing rental?A. Approving. B. Unfavorable.C. Objective. D. Enthusiastic.33 The Uber example in Paragraph 6 indicates that .A. rental services are on the riseB. clothing rental will be as successful as UberC. renting clothes might waste more than expectedD. renting clothes might make people lose interest in fast fashion34. The author suggests that we should .A. give up renting any clothingB. purchase inexpensive clothesC. rent clothes rather than buy themD. make full use of clothes we've possessed35. What is the passage mainly about?A. Clothing rental is a new fashion.B. Clothing rental is retailers' preference.C. Renting clothes is not that eco-friendly.D. Renting-clothes business is in a dilemma.第二节 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。(共 5 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 10 分)Are people less or more happy when they get older? A study in 2018 found that people generally become happier and experience less worry after age 50. In fact, it found that by the age of 85, people are happier with their life than they were at 18.Arthur Stone in the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science at Stony Brook University in New York led the study. His team found that levels of stress were the highest among adults between the ages of 22 and 25. 36 Happiness was the highest among the youngest adults and those in their early 70's. But the people least likely to report feeling negative emotions were those in their 70's and 80's. The survey also found that men and women have similar emotional patterns as they grow older. 37 The researchers also considered possible influences like having young children, being unemployed or being single. But they found that influences like these did not affect the levels of happiness and well-being related to age. 38 One theory is that, as people get older, they become more thankful for what they have and have better control of their emotions. They also spend less time thinking about bad experiences. 39 In another study, people in their 80's reported the fewest problems with the quality of their sleep. The original goal was to confirm the popular belief that aging is connected with increased sleep problems. 40 But except for that, people reported that they felt their sleep quality improved as they got older.A. So why will happiness increase with age?B. Researchers surveyed more than 150 000 American adults.C. At that time, the people were between the age of 18 and 25.D. Stress levels dropped sharply after people reached their 50’s.E. Happiness is not the only thing that apparently improves with age.F. The survey did find an increase during middle age, especially in women.G. However, women at all ages reported more sadness, stress and worry than men.第二部分:完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分, 满分 30 分)阅读下面短文, 从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中, 选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。At around 6:30pm local time on April 15th in France, Notre Dame in Paris was getting angry. According to the French newspaper Le Monde, the fire started in the attic (阁楼 ) of the monument and then___41___to the roof. In the screams of people, the Gothic tower___42___collapsed (倒塌) . ''Paris was beheaded(斩首)!''___43___the fall of the tower, the 32-year-old Frenchman, Pierre, sent such a___44___to the New York Times.Notre Dame de Paris, which___45___on the bank of the Seine, has been there for 769 years. Not only does Notre Dame have a large collection of wonderful works, but the building itself is___46___.As one of the most famous tourist ___47___ in the world, this church has 13 million visitors a year. When the fire was still burning, the spokesperson of Notre Dame de Paris pessimistically told the media that the ___48___ building of France ___49___''great destruction'' because the inside part of the church belonged to medieval wood structure, so this fire was almost a____50____. At9:30 that evening, the priceless colored glass ''Rose'' window in the cathedral was too hot and then broken. As the fire continued, a large number of people from Paris____51____around Notre Dame. Watching the fire destroy the monument, some people couldn't help____52____cry, and some sang prayer songs for Notre Dame. ''At this moment I feel very____53____, and a small part of each of us has been burned by the fire.'' After the fire, French President Mark Long____54____ canceled a speech on the ''Yellow Vest Movement'', and started the disaster report.After the French firefighters____55____for five hours, the fire was____56____The main structure of the church was ____57____, but the inside decoration was completely destroyed. ____58____the broken Notre Dame de Paris, the French made a(n)____59____to rebuild. President Mark Long later said that they would recruit (组建) the best talents from around the world to repair the art treasures, because this is what the French expect and is what history____60____.41. A. distribute B. directed C. spread D. transformed42. A. anyhow B. immediately C. somehow D. suddenly43. A. Admitting B. Witnessing C. Preventing D. Predicting44. A. sigh B. word C. sign D. picture45. A. wind B. exists C. sets D. stands46. A. delicate B. worthless C. invaluable D. weak47. A. points B. scenes C. views D. attractions48. A. remaining B. historic C. accessible D. favorable49. A. suffered B. resulted C. acquired D. obtained50. A. decrease B. waste C. disaster D. trouble51. A. marched B. gathered C. wandered D. settled52. A. or B. and C. except D. but53. A. angry B. confused C. sad D. amazed54. A. urgently B. angrily C. cleverly D. cautiously55. A. managed B. fought C. attempted D. repaired56. A. put out B. taken out C. brought out D. pulled out57. A. scarred B. destroyed C. remained D. saved58. A. In time of B. In danger of C. In face of D. In memory of59. A. announcement B. determination C. agreement D. preparation60. A. deserves B. allows C. creates D. holds 第 II 卷 非选择题部分第一节:语法填空(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分)A motto is a sentence or a phrase ___61___can inspire us especially when we are___62___ (face) with difficulties. Many of us have mottos,such as “Where there is a will,there is a way.” or “Nothing is difficult if you put your heart into it.” and so on. My motto is “God helps those who help___63___ (them).”Sometimes I am lazy and don't want to make efforts ___64___ (work) hard,___65__ the moment I think of my motto I will get energetic again and devote myself___66___ what I am doing. I write my motto ___67___ I can see it easily. Every time I fail my exam and begin to lose heart,my motto inspires me with much ___68___ (confident).My motto also makes me become ___69___ independent person. That is to say ,I won't rely on others easily. My friends,what is your motto?If you still haven't got a motto,please choose one because a motto can have a great effect ___70___ you.第二节:短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分)假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧), 并在其下面写出该加的词。刪除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。修改:在错的词下画划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。注意: 1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词。2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 The number and species of fish had dropped sharply in the past few decades. It is human behavior which is to blame. Industrial and agricultural waste is pouring. into the ocean, which seriously pollutes the water. To make things bad, overfishing destroys the balance of life in the ocean. It is a high time that measures should be taken to deal with this situation. The government should make law to keep people overfishing. At the same time, anyone who causes water pollution should be strict punished. All of us should try our best to protecting the fish in the ocean. After all, that is everyone's duty to protect the environment around. 第三节:书面表达(满分 25 分)假设你是高二学生李华,想应聘学校英语校报的记者兼编辑。请根据下面的个人情况用英语写一篇求职信。姓名:李华 年龄:17性别:女获奖情况:全国中学生英语能力竞赛(NEPCS)一等奖,校英语演讲比赛第一名经历:主持过年级英语歌唱比赛爱好:看英文小说、写英文日记联系方式:Lihua 2015@163.com注意:词数 100左右,开头与结尾已经给出,不计入总词数。Dear editor,I am Li Hua, a 17­year­old girl from Senior 2.______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________I am looking forward to hearing from you.Sincerely,Lihua大庆铁人中学高二学年上学期期中考试英语试题答案第 I 卷第一部分选词填空(每题 1.5 分,满分 30 分)1-5 ACBED 6-10 ABDCE 11-15ACEBD 16-20 ECABD 第二部分 阅读理解(每题 2 分,满分 40 分)21-23 DAB 24-27BADD 28-31BBAC 32-35BCDC 36-40 DGAEF第三部分 完形填空( 每题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 41-45. CDBAD 46-50. CDBAC 51-55. BDCAB 56-60. ADCBA第Ⅱ卷第四部分语法填空(每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分)61.which/that 62.faced 63.themselves 64. to work 65.but66.to 67.where 68.confidence 69.an 70.on第五部分短文改错(每题 1 分,共 10 分)71 had 改为 have 72which 改为 that 73pouring 改为 poured 74 bad 改为 worse 75 去掉 a 76 law 改为 laws 77 people 之后加 from 78 strict 改为 strictly 79 protecting 改为 protect 80 that 改为 it第三部分 书面表达(满分 25 分) Dear editor,I am Li Hua, a 17­year­old girl from Senior 2. I_am_writing_to_recommend_myself_as the_reporter and_editor_for_your_newspaper.My_interest_and_skills_in_English_contribute_to_my_qualifications_for_the_job._As an_outgoing_girl_full_of_energy,_I_like_all_kinds_of_meaningful_activities_and_won_first_prize_in_NEPCS_and_first_in_our_school_English_speaking_competition,_which_has_built_up_my_confidence_in_learning_English_well._Besides,_I_have_hosted_several_English_singing_competitions_in_our_school._In_my_spare_time,_I_enjoy_reading_English_novels_and_writing_English_diaries_with_a_computer_skillfully.I_would_like_to_be_a_member_of_your_newspaper_since_it_would_be_a_great_opportunity_for_me_to_practise_using_English_and_make_friends_with_many_other_students.I can be reached anytime via email at Lihua 2015@163.com.I am looking forward to hearing from you.Sincerely,Li Hua

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