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山西长治市二中2019-2020高二英语下学期摸底考试试卷(Word版附答案)

英语试题
【本试卷满分150分,考试时间120分钟】
第Ⅰ卷
第一部分 听力(共两节,满分20分,不计入总分)
第一节(共5小题,每小题1分,满分5分)
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A,B,C三个选项中选择最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
1. How is the weather today?
A. Cloudy.                     B.Rainy.                         C. Sunny.
2. What will the woman do next
A. Cut her hair.                 B. Talk with Jack
C. Call the hair designer for advice
3. What happened to Mike?
A. He lost his ID card           B He canceled his holiday plan   
C. He forgot to return the dictionary
4. What will the man drink?
A. Some water                  B. Some coffee                  C. Some juice
5. What are the speakers talking about?
A. A fire                      B. A forest.                     C. A city.
第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)
听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白
后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选  项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完  后,各小题给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。  听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。
6. How long does Amy plan to travel around the US?
A. For two months.             B For four months                 C. For three months
7. Where does one of Amy's aunts live?
A. In the UK                  B. In spain                     C. In Italy.
听第7段材料,回答第8至10题。
8. Why did Christopher miss the lecture?
A.He disliked it.                 B He forgot its date  
C. He had to send his brother to hospital
9. What happened to Christophers brother?
A. He became ill.             B. He got injured                 C. He got missing
10. Where is Christophers brother now?
A. In hospital                  B. At school                      C. At home
听第8段材料,回答第11至13题。
11. Why is Lucia unwilling to go to the party?
A. She feels sick              B. She has school work to finish
C. She shows little interest in parties
12. How long will the party last?
A. For an hour                 B. For two hours                  C For one and a half hours.
13. What does Henry decide to do in the end?
A. Take a good rest.          B. Study with Lucia             C. Go to the party alone  
听第9段材料,回答第14至17题。
14. How did Karen get back?
A. By plane                  B. By train                    C. By car
15. What did Karen like doing most on the beach?
A.Walking on the sand           B. Swimming in the sea            C. Watching other people
16. What did Karen prepare for the man's son?
A. Some shells               B. A rock                      C. Some books
17. What does Karen do?
A. A writer                     B. A reporter.                    C. A teacher
听第10段材料,回答第18至20题。
18. How does the man find biology?
A. Interesting                  B. Useful                        C. Hard
19. What does the man spend the least time on?
A. Sports                   B. Reading                    C. Picture taking
20. Why do others like the man?
A. He’s honest.                 B. He’s humorous.              C. He’s hardworking.
第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 60 分)
第一节 (共15小题,每小题3分,满分45分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A
If you're looking to fully experience Africa's breathtaking scenery, and have an eye for adventure, then there's only one place to be. Here, inside Africa picks four of the best hikes from across the continent.
1.Kilimanjaro
Make it to the top of Tanzania's 5,895-meter Kilimanjaro, and you'll be standing at Africa's highest point.The mountain is Africa's most-visited hiking destination, attracting tens of thousands of tourists and adventures every year.
You don't have to be a technical climber to climb Mount Kilimanjaro;you just need not be pretty physically fit. There are six routes to choose from. No special equipment
2.Atlas mountains
The High Atlas is an impressive mountainous range in central Morocco that hosts North Africa's highest peak. Mount Toubkal , at 4, 165 meters. There's a variety of routes to follow during your climb but inexperienced climbers should note that the hike through the mountain's challenging zones is quite demanding.
3. Mount Kenya
A long-extinct volcano. Mount Kenya is Africa's second-highest peak, at 5,199 meters. Lying just south of the equator, the mountain's deep valleys and diverse wildlife will guarantee you wonderful scenery and a fantastic hiking experience.
The climb, however, to the mountain's steep ice-capped peaks is quite challenging, making it the most technical, probably, in that East African area.
4. Mount Meru
Mount Meru may forever exist in the shadow of its neighbor, Kilimanjaro, but Tanzania 's second-highest mountain (4,565 meters) has its own devotees.
It's less known, but Mount Meru is for the true enthusiast who wants to experience what very few people actually do.
Mount Meru is often used by mountaineers to accustom themselves before trying to conquer Kilimanjaro, or by those wanting a hike with the local Massai.
21. What do we know about Kilimanjaro?
A. It's Africa's second highest mountain
B. It's comparatively easy to climb.
C. Its six routes are equally difficult.
D. It lies to the east of Tanzania.
22. Why do mountaineers climb Mount Meru first before they do Kilimanjaro?
A. To avoid big crowds of climbers.            B. To hike with the local Massai.
C.To experience what most people do.        D.To get used to the situation
23.Which is the highest of in North Africa?
A.Kilimanjaro.        B. Atlas mountains.           C. Mount Kenya.          D. Mount Meru.
B
I’m going to be completely honest. I have no idea how I ended up with this opportunity. I have no idea what I’m doing, but I am very happy to be here.
Last summer a friend tagged me in a Facebook post from BBC Earth and encouraged me to apply to the BBC Presenter Search 2018. The assignment was easy and hard, making a video shorter than 60 seconds where you talk about something in science you think is cool. Simple concept, but for me it was challenging as I want to talk about bryophytes(苔藓植物) forever (which is slightly longer than 60 seconds).
So I decided to make an attempt. I was going to make a 60 second video about sphagnum(水 苔), commonly known as peat moss and uncommonly known as an unsung climate hero. Sphagnum is the plant genus(植物属) that holds the most carbon in the world, it slowly builds up its carbon storage over hundreds of thousands of years and if undisturbed, it never lets go of the carbon it gathers.
Making a short video on this was hard because I wanted to include everything. And it became even harder as I had no one to hold the camera. I tied my camera to the scrawniest little tree, swinging in the wind as a bird tried to chase me away from the mud. This chaos(混乱) ended up as the video “Why sphagnum is awesome” on my channel. I submitted the video, but didn’t dare to write in the description section of the video that it was a submission, because I never imagined that I could win!
But I did.
I waited two months before I could tell people that I had won the search, and when the news came out, I received the most attention I’ve had in my entire life.
No matter your background, whether you want to pass the time or pass an exam, I really hope you enjoy the video!
24. What can we infer about the author from paragraph 1?
A. She is unable to achieve the goal.                B. She gets used to telling people lies.
C. She doesn’t care too much about the result.         D. She knows much about the ending.
25.Which of the following is NOT true about sphagnum?
A. It can form its carbon storage in a very slow way.
B. It is universally recognized as an unknown climate hero.
C. It won’t release the carbon without being disturbed.
D. It contains a large amount of carbon.
26.The underlined word “scrawniest" in Paragraph 4 probably means
A. weakest        B.strongest          C.shortest          D. most energetic
27. What can we learn from the author’s story?
A. She shows great interest in filming the video.
B. Her knowledge helps overcome all the difficulties.
C. Her attitude and hard work pay off eventually.
D. She is more than delighted to gain the most attention.
C
Landscape architecture works well adding beauty to a certain location. For example, Japanese garden develops the relationship between Victoria and the Aichi Prefecture(爱知县) in Japan. Landscape architecture focuses on design and environment management. However,there are some amazing facts to know about while people are dealing with landscape architecture designs.
The source of the idea of landscape architecture:According to ancient tales,Frederick Law Olmsted and Capability Brown started the profession in the 18th century, known as the pioneer of landscape architecture work.
The term “landscape” was first used in painting: With landscape paintings, the painter can highlight the beauty of nature while covering human and animals in little amount, by inserting the light to the paintings to leave the paintings with liveliness, When it comes to architecture, landscape means the distinguishing characteristics of natural features created by landscape architects in Melbourne for beautiful outdoors.
Australia is the capital of landscape architecture: Landscape architecture is highly appreciated in Australia due to how it has transformed beautiful cities and coastlines into the artwork highly praised by tourists and locals. Even, with so many landscape architects, it is surprising that the country has the record of having the most national parks.
The most viewed landscape is in the image of our desktop screen: The most visited landscape is the image photographed and used as the background image for Windows XP. It is the image of a small field located in North California, seen by more than 1 billion.
A sample tree won't live forever: You might have the dream of building a new house around a beautiful sample tree, but it won't go well for long. So, before designing, talk to the arborist(树艺家)to find the health of the tree.
So, next time when traveling a worth-visiting place, spend a moment appreciating the landscape architecture for the way they have estimated the necessary factors for construction project management in Melbourne and delivered the best out of their ideas.
28.What function does landscape architecture have?
A.Beautifying the environment,
B. Helping people enjoy landscape paintings.
C. Helping people learn design management.
D. Developing human's relationship.
29. What attitude do Australian people have to landscape architecture?
A.Cautious.         B.Supportive.             C.Uncaring.         D.Unfriendly.
30. Which landscape is the most popular?
A.The one in North California.         B.The one in Aichi Prefecture.
C.The one in Melbourne.                 D. The one in Victoria.
31.What is the author's  purpose in writing the text?
A. To let the readers learn the history of landscape architecture
B. To let the readers know more facts about landscape architecture
C. To let the readers research the situation of landscape architecture
D. To let the readers explore benefits of landscape architecture.
D
Artificial intelligence (AI) has become extremely advanced in recent years, so much so that the idea of self- driving cars on city roads is no longer a far-off concept. However, there's one thing humans have that AI naturally doesn't have–fear.   
Physiological(生理的) responses driven by fear can prevent humans from rushing to make important decisions, especially when it comes to situations like driving.
In a new study , Microsoft researchers built on this idea to improve the decision–making skills of self-driving cars, in an effort to develop machines that would learn faster and make fewer mistakes.
To teach Al to “feel” fear, the researchers used pulse sensors to track people's fear while using a driving simulator (模拟装备).These signals were then fed to the algorithm(算法) to learn which situations caused a person's pulse to act.
“As people learn to drive in the world, autonomic nervous system responses provide built-in feedback (反馈)about the potential consequence of action choices(e. g. , becoming nervous when close to a cliff edge or driving fast around a bend),” author Daniel McDuff explained. “Physiological changes are connected with these preparations to protect oneself from danger. ”
According to the researchers, teaching the algorithm when a person might feel more anxious in a given situation could serve as a guide to help machines avoid risks.The researchers put the autonomous software through a simulated path filled with walls and slopes to see how they performed with fear within them. And, in comparison with an Al that was trained based only on wall nearness, the system that had learned fear was much less likely to crash.
But there are warnings.While fear is important for decision-making, it can also cause self-driving cars to make wrong decisions in certain situations. Future work will consider how to make a balance.
32. How can fear influence drivers positively?
A.They will drive more slowly on the road.          
B.They will be cautious about making decisions.
C. They will greatly improve their driving skills.  
D. They will avoid handling dangerous situations.
33. Why did researchers track people's fear?
A.To collect various physiological changes.  
B. To help AI avoid the pulse caused by fear.
C. To analyze the situations where AI feels fear.
D. To prepare AI to respond to situations with fear.
34. What does the last paragraph say about fear?
A.Humans with it are excellent in decision making.
B. Its effects on self-driving cars can be harmful.
C. AI with it may have a sense of anxiety over driving.
D. It can certainly help to reduce the chance of car crashes.
35. What is the best title for the text?
A. Teaching AI for Driving to Learn Fear       B. Making Self-driving Cars Smarter
C. Taking Control of Fear of Driving        D. Reducing Car Crashes Through AI
第二节(共5小题;每小题3分,满分15分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
Chinese paper-cutting or Jianshi is one of China's most popular folk arts,which takes advantage of paper invented by CaiLun in the Eastern Han Dynasty in China. In 2009, the Chinese paper-cutting was included on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity by the UNESCO.
Although other art forms, like painting, can also show similar scenes, paper-cutting still stands out for its fine lines and patterns which are all hand-made. Paper and scissors are the common materials used for making paper cuts. 36_______________.
Chinese paper cuts are rich in content. It includes children, fruit, birds, dragons, fish and so on. 37______________. Whatever the design,the meanings of paper cuts are usually symbolic, and they are considered auspicious(吉祥的).Red paper is often used, since red is the most auspicious color in China. However, multi-colored paper cuts can also be found.
38_______________.  They decorate walls,windows, doors,columns,mirrors and lamps in homes and are also used to decorate presents or are given as presents themselves.
People find hope and comfort when expressing wishes with paper cuts. 39_______________. For example: for a wedding ceremony,red paper cuts are traditional and required decorations on the furniture. A big red paper character “Xi” (which symbolizes happiness)is a traditional must on the door. 40 _________. The character “Shou”represents longevity(长寿) and often adds delight to the whole celebration.
A.Elderly people prefer red paper used for paper cuts.
B. Today,paper cuts are normally used as decorations.
C. Sometimes,an engraving(雕刻) knife is also used.
D.At the birthday party for a senior, paper cuts are easily seen.
E. Paper cuts have special significance on specific occasions(场合)
F. It is also common to see famous Chinese characters on paper cuts.
G.Paper cuts with different characters are used to match different things.
第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分55分)
第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题2分,满分40分)
阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
When I was just out of college,I managed to get my dream job as a trader in New York City on the floor of the American Stock (股票) Exchange.
Though it was a proud ___41___, the job was simply too physically ___42___ —I must stand in a crowd every day, which often __43____ me in a mindset that held me back.
Manhattan is a walking town and it's difficult to ___44___ when you have a disability. Taxis are expensive and riding the subway __45___ dozens of steep steps to get below ___46___.This left me only one__47____ —the bus.
One night, after the ___48___ for my job, I was aching from self–pity ___49___ it started to rain on my walk to the bus stop. I became more and more __50___ without an umbrella, thinking I'd never ___51___ it in this city and telling myself “This city is just too hard" and that“Maybe it is just not possible to succeed for a guy like me”.
And then, I __52___ the most beautiful moment. A couple came rolling by on roller skates, hand __53___ hand as they skated what seemed like the tango. They were all wet but they saw the __54____ as an opportunity and romance.
I suddenly became grateful for waiting in the rain because I __55____ have missed this beauty __56____ if I had been in a taxi or on the subway. This, although __57____ , was an important moment on my journey to discovering the ___58___ of achieving health and happiness. When I change my mindset,__59____ for a moment, to what is possible and work to get rid of the self-limiting beliefs that __60____ my daily actions, I will be on the road to a healthier, happier life.
41. A.adjustment       B.achievement           C.agreement            D.treatment
42.A.tiring             B.boring                C.relaxing              D.disappointing
43.A.reminded         B.expected               C.took                D.left
44.A.go up             B.get around            C.set off               D.show up
45.A.requests             B.supports              C.requires              D.surrounds
46.A.ground           B.street                 C.town                D.city
47.A.change           B.chance                C.idea                 D.choice
48.A.struggle          B.work                  C.experience            D.influence
49.A.before           B.while              C.when                D.after
50.A.nervous          B.curious                C.scared                D.upset
51.A.get              B.make              C.put                  D.watch
52.A.recalled          B.observed           C.witnessed             D.realized
53.A.on               B.by                    C.to                   D.in
54.A.rain             B.tree                   C.wind                 D.cloud
55.A.shall            B.would              C.need                  D.must
56.A.exactly           B.instantly            C.entirely             D.suddenly
57.A.strange           B.small              C.normal              D.different
58.A.humor           B.honesty            C.power               D.principle
59.A.still               B.yet                   C.also                  D.even
60.A.affect             B.follow             C.forbid               D.harm
第Ⅱ卷
第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分50分)
第二节 语法填空 (共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。
Letters as a way of communication have long given way to phone calls and WeChat messages. But a TV show, LettersAlive, is helping bring this old way to keep in touch back ___71_ the present.
LettersAlive took ___72__ (it) idea from a UK program, LettersLive released in 2013. Both __73_ (show) feature famous actors and actresses, but there __74___ (be) no eye-catching visual effects or any regular showbiz(娱乐圈) activities. Instead, it’s just a live event __75   remarkable letters selected from a wide time span and a diverse range of subjects are read. There is, for example, a passionate letter from Huang Yongyu to playwright Cao Yu 30 years ago to criticize his lack of __76__ (create).
Every letter is like a small piece of history. By hearing them being read, it’s as if we are being sent back in time __77___ (experience) a moment that we would otherwise never have had the chance to.
Compared to__78_ (publish) texts, letters also __79_ _(natural) come with a personal touch. As well as celebrating the pain, joy, wisdom and humor, LettersAlive __80__ (commit) to promoting Chinese literature since first run.
第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
This morning, when I looked out the window, I excitingly found it was snowing heavily. Attracted by the beautiful sight, so I decided to go out to take some photos. As I walked on the path in front of our building, I saw a boy suddenly slipping down on the snow-covered ground. It was at that moment when I realized what I should do. Immediately, I run back home to get a broom and started to sweep the path. I worked so hard that he sweated a lot. An hour later, a thick snow was cleared away. Looked at the clean path, my neighbour all smiled and gave me thumbs up.
第二节 书面表达(满分25分)
假定你是李华,你的新西兰笔友Lessie即将来中国做交换生,来信请你给他推荐几个中文名字。请你给他写一封电子邮件,内容包括:
1.表示欢迎并乐于推荐;
2.介绍中文名字的特点;
3.告知他查看邮箱附件中所建议的名字。
注意:
1.词数100左右;
2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
参考词汇:邮箱附件 E-mail attachment

Dear Lessie,
                                                                                 
                                                                                 
                                                                                 
                                                                        Yours,
                                                                        Li Hua







英语试题答案
听力
1–5 BCABA  6–10 BBCBA   11–15 BBCAC   16–20 BACAB
阅读理解
21–23 BDB  24-27 CBAC  28–31 ABAB  32–35 BDBA  36–40 CFBED
完形填空
41–45 BADBC  46–50 ADACD  51–55 BCDAB  56–60 CBCDA
语法填空
61. to  62. its  63. shows  64. are  65. where  66. creativity
67. to experience  68. published  69. naturally  70. is committed
改错
71、out后加of    72、excitingly改为excitedly     73、去掉so             74、slipping改为slip 75、when改为that 76、run改为ran 77、he改为I      78、a改为the 79、looked改为looking 80、neighbour改为neighbours
书面表达
Dear Lessie,
Hearing that you will come to China as an exchange student, I want to express a warm welcome to you. I' m very glad that you wish to have a Chinese name. There is no doubt that it will help you better fit in with the Chinese culture.
A Chinese name usually consists of two or three characters, which often contain some special meanings, expectations or blessings. However, unlike an English name, the family name of Chinese is usually put first and then a given name follows. In addition, I have come up with several Chinese names, which are added to the E-mail attachment.
I hope you will like one of them and have a good time in China.
Yours sincerely    
Li Hua     

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